Deck mounting ring

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship building, particularly, to deck mounting ring intended for mooring of aircraft and other wheeled vehicles to deck. Proposed mounting ring consists of body and assy to be coupled with aircraft of wheeled vehicle mooring device to allow trouble-free landing of aircraft and unobstructed run of wheeled vehicle at equal holding capacity of said ring in whatever direction. Said ring assy consists of a cylindrical rod with collar rigidly jointed with ring body.

EFFECT: mounting ring intended for mooring of aircraft and other wheeled vehicles to deck.

2 cl, 4 dwg

 

The invention relates to shipbuilding and concerns the means of attachment of the cargo (mooring devices) on the ship (vessel) and can be used, in particular, for the mooring of aircraft or other vehicles to the deck.

There are different means of fasteners rolling equipment, aircraft, roll - trailers and other wheeled vehicles in ships (vessels): rings, eyebolts, shackles, eyebolts are installed, deck fittings, jacks, lugs, etc. (Snopkov V.I. Technology of carriage of goods by sea: the Textbook for high schools. 4th ed., revised and enlarged extra - SPb.: NGO "Professional", 2006, pp.481-487).

Stationary means of fasteners (screws, eyebolts are installed, fittings, supports, landing slots and the like) are provided as protruding above the deck and flush with the flooring of the deck. These fixtures with the same external load are quite bulky design that have restrictions on the angle of mooring devices to the deck and cannot provide the cargo securing in all directions. Typically, these types of fasteners are used in civil courts that specialize in the transportation of goods standard sizes, where their seats are clearly defined. (Snopkov V.I. Technology of carriage of goods by sea: the Textbook for high schools, 4th ed., revised and enlarged extra - SPb.: NGO "Professional", 2006, pp.481).

Removable media cu the crime (for example, eyebolts) have several advantages over fixed: when removing eye bolts, socket under them, made flush with the flooring of the deck, do not interfere with the passage of wheeled vehicles, however, also have limitations on the angle of mooring devices and do not provide the same holding capacity in all directions. (Snopkov V.I. Technology of carriage of goods by sea: the Textbook for high schools. 4th ed., revised and enlarged extra - SPb.: NGO "Professional", 2006, pp.481).

The closest analogue to the proposed application is an eye bolt, related to removable fastening means, representing the steel ring rigidly or movably connected to the cylindrical rod with threaded, and when used as mooring loads and lifting operations. When conducting mooring eye bolt screwed into the mounting slot, installed flush with the flooring of the deck. Cargo securing is carried out using a chain, rope and tape naytowhow for steel ring of the eyebolt. The tool mount has undeniable advantages over fixed by means of fasteners. When removing eye bolts, socket under them, made flush with the flooring of the deck, do not interfere with the passage of aircraft or other vehicles.

However, the known rings have a number of shortcomings, and the military:

- large height of the protruding elements (steel rings), which can cause discomfort during maintenance zasvacovanych naval aircraft and vehicles on the deck of a ship;

- inconvenience in maintenance and cleaning difficulties in icing conditions decks that require special devices and equipment;

exposed structural elements interfere with the free passage of aircraft and vehicles, and can also damage the chassis, running gear and other elements of the aircraft;

- when boarding an aircraft movable part of some types of fasteners from exposure to the gas stream rises, which may cause damage to the landing gear of the aircraft;

is limited by the angle of mooring devices and do not provide the same holding capacity in all directions; landing slots are not uniform for different sizes eyebolts.

The aim of the invention is to eliminate these drawbacks, the development of a simplified docking station fastening, improvement of operational properties and characteristics, reduction of material cost of production while maintaining the security of the same holding capacity in all directions of load application is ezavisimo from the angle of the mooring device to the deck.

In the present invention the objective is achieved at the expense of the second deck and its attachment to the end of the unified node mooring device, equipped with a u-shaped groove which is connected with the outer surface of the abutment of the ring, with the possibility of rotation relative to the abutment of the ring when the tension of the mooring device that allows you to change the direction of mounting, samostanovlenie along the line of action of the load. There are three types of mooring deck, the construction of which are illustrated by the drawings.

In figure 1, 2 and 3 shows the mooring deck.

The second deck consists of a housing 3, which is tightly screwed heel 2 made in the form of a cylindrical rod with a flange to enable coupling with limit uniform node mooring aerial vehicle (wheeled vehicles). To further ensure the reliability of fastening heel additionally now screw 4.

The case of the second deck is welded to the flooring of the deck 1 (1, 2)or prikleevaetsja to him when restrictions on welding (figure 3), which in the design of the ring added flange 5 with holes for rivets.

4 shows the end of a unified site mooring device for the connection of deck ring with mooring rope. End unified site mooring device is and provided with a u-shaped groove and is connected to the outer surface of the abutment of the ring.

For mooring aerial vehicle (wheeled vehicles) to the deck unified leaf node mooring device with u-shaped groove coming on the heel of the eye. Post-tensioning mooring, its end node is rotated relative to the heel, samostanovlenie along the line of action of the load, without losing holding capacity and performance properties and characteristics.

The use of mooring deck and attaching thereto will simplify their operation, in some cases, to save metal and to drastically reduce the amount of mechanical processing, to ensure the free passage of wheeled vehicles and aircraft when conducting landing operations.

For different occasions developed three types of eyebolts for attaching aerial vehicles (wheeled vehicles) to the deck of the ship, characterized execution:

Type 1 (depicted in figure 1) is welded to the deck flush with the height restriction of the protruding elements of the eye from the deck (for example, for the free passage of vehicles or aircraft, to minimize the impact of the gas jet aircraft on the elements of the eye, ensuring trouble-free take-off and landing operations for aircraft loading and unloading operations for wheeled vehicles, and so on).

Type 2 (shown in figure 2) - privas ivemy to the deck raised above the level of the deck part of the lack of restrictions on the height of the protruding elements of the eye from the deck.

Type 3 (shown in figure 3) - prikleivaemaya to the deck with the technical restrictions on welding the rings to the deck.

All three types of eyebolts unified by landing surface, therefore, is not required to develop separate docking units mooring device for a certain type of ring.

1. The second deck, providing mooring of aircraft and other vehicles on the deck of the ship consists of a body, which is tightly screwed heel, made in the form of a cylindrical rod with a flange, wherein the end uniform along the landing surface node mooring device is provided with a u-shaped groove which is connected with the outer surface of the abutment of the ring, made with the possibility of rotation relative to the abutment of the eye that allows you to change the direction of the fastening.

2. The second deck according to claim 1, characterized in that the attachment of the mooring device made with the possibility of self on the line of action of the load, not losing while holding ability and regardless of the angle of the mooring device to the deck.



 

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FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship building, particularly, to deck mounting ring intended for mooring of aircraft and other wheeled vehicles to deck. Proposed mounting ring consists of body and assy to be coupled with aircraft of wheeled vehicle mooring device to allow trouble-free landing of aircraft and unobstructed run of wheeled vehicle at equal holding capacity of said ring in whatever direction. Said ring assy consists of a cylindrical rod with collar rigidly jointed with ring body.

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