Method to control relative position between printed patterns and non-printed patterns on roll material and system used in method

FIELD: printing.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method and a system for controlling the relative position between the printed pattern and non-printed pattern such as, e.g., a pattern of scored lines or holes on a moving web of material by supplying the web of material with at least one mark in the form of the depressed recess with three-dimensional topographical configuration at a predetermined distance from the printed register mark and detection of these marks by the same system of controlling sensor. This feature of the method and system of controlling enables to use them for production of multilayer packaging material having a printed design and scored lines of folding in register.

EFFECT: providing opportunity of continuous tracking of the relative position between the printed and non-printed pattern and the three-dimensional structure or pattern, such as a scored lines and/or holes or perforations.

29 cl, 15 dwg

 

The technical field to which the invention relates.

The present invention relates to a method of controlling the relative position between the printed and non-print three-dimensional figure, such as, for example, a pattern of lines or holes, moving on, that is, the moving rolled material, as well as to the system for use in the method. According to an additional aspect of the invention, the above method of control is used for manufacturing the laminated packaging material having printed ornament decoration flaps and fold lines at the register.

Background of invention

In the field of machinery manufacturing of sheet material or a multilayer packaging material in the form of moving the leaf material often drawing design or color image is printed on the material side, intended to be the outer part of the package. In addition, the material is often provided with a repeating pattern or recurring feature, such as, for example, holes, slots, perforations or lines of folding, to facilitate conversion of the sheet or material to the final products or packaging.

In particular, in the field of machinery manufacturing of cardboard packing containers for liquids, the canvas material is made with what enemy folding, the so-called creases or lines, and possibly also with holes intended for insertion opening devices. In addition to the lines, the packaging material is provided with a printed design, whereby scoring tool, such as, typically, a pair of creasing rollers, coordinated with the printing machine. Then the packaging material is cut, and the cut sheet or blanks are folded along lines and converted into final containers. To ensure the final packaging containers with the required function, appearance and form, with printed picture in the correct position on the package, it is important that the printed image, the lines of big and possible holes cut or perforation were correctly positioned relative to each other on the sheet material. In the subsequent conversion into packaging containers is also important to print, a picture of the big and the holes were correctly positioned relative to each other in order not to disturb the function of the filling machine. Adjusting the relative position of the printed pattern and pattern of BiH currently performed manually, when the printing machine is started. During execution of the manufacturing process, as a rule, there is no automatic control of the correct alignment of pechat the first picture and big relative to each other. When manually adjusting and correcting the alignment is achieved with precision, typically of the order of approximately 0,25 mm

Line of big extend in the longitudinal direction (machine direction (MD)of the fabric material or across the web of material in the transverse direction (transversal direction (TD)), perpendicularly or diagonally, and the position of the holes can be anywhere between the lines.

Hole opening devices can be made in the sheet material in a variety of ways. Traditionally, the holes mechanically punched in the same transaction, or transactions, such transactions in which the material formed line of BiH. According to newer technologies, holes are cut in the operation following the operation of Begovaya, downstream from the conversion of the leaf material, and the result of this transformation is a multilayer packaging material.

The invention

One purpose of the present invention is to promote continuous tracking register, that is, the relative position between the printed and non-print three-dimensional structure or pattern, such as lines of big and/or holes or perforations, and to control and adjust, if necessary.

Another objective of the present invention is a continuous tracking is Ivana and control register between printed and non-print three-dimensional structure or pattern, such as lines of big and/or hole or perforation, with improved accuracy.

An additional objective is the continuous monitoring and control register between printed and non-print three-dimensional structure or pattern, such as lines of big and/or holes or perforations, economical operation with improved accuracy and without time loss or delay between measurements.

These objectives are achieved through a method of controlling registration between printed and non-print pattern with high accuracy on a moving canvas material, comprising stages

a) printing at least one print pattern and at least one printed two-dimensional register mark on the canvas,

b) create a printable pattern or a repeating element on the sheet,

c) simultaneously and in synchronization with the operation of the step b), the recess grooves, having a three-dimensional topographical configuration, such that the recesses created a shadow when the light on the canvas at the specified distance from the printed register mark, and deepening through this produces a dark spot in the light,

d) determine the provisions of shadows or dark spots relative to position the printed label by the illumination and detection optical sensor, etc is what the shadow is detected by the same optical sensor, which is used to recognize printed labels,

e) comparing the magnitude of the measured position of the shadow created from pressed deeper, relative to position the printed label to a specific value, and

f) regulating the operation of creating the aforementioned non-print pattern or recurring feature, and as mentioned synchronized pressed deepening and/or regulation of the printing operation for fitting the measured values to the specified value.

A separate shadow or dark spot, which is created when the lighting label in the form of depressed grooves, occurs because the recess has a three-dimensional topographical configuration, which gives a poor reflection of incident light in an isotropic lit area. The shadow recognized at its center of mass, that is, at the darkest point of the shadow, which reflects the least amount of light when the groove is lit.

Preferably, the printing operation is performed before non-printing operation, but also can be performed after non-print operation (operations).

According to one preferred variant of the invention, stage a) is performed before step b), and refers to the provision of pre-printed fabric material having at least one printed image and at least one print is th two-dimensional register mark on the canvas.

According to the alternative embodiment of the invention, step b) is performed before step a), and refers to the provision of pre-fabricated fabric material having at least one printable image or repeating element and at least one label in the form of depressed grooves, having a three-dimensional topographical configuration, such that the recesses created a shadow when the light on the canvas at the specified distance from the printed register mark, and deepening through this produces a dark spot in the coverage.

For the best combination of registration between print and non-print drawings mentioned position of the shadow relative to position the printed label is defined in the longitudinal direction (MD)and transverse direction (TD).

Typically and preferably, the printed pattern contains several sequentially printed colors, and each printed color pattern is printed registration label, and each successive printed label is controlled to be brought with the first printed label, in the operation of controlling the alignment of the fingerprints by the optical sensor.

Preferably, the size and shape of the footprint when viewed from above mentioned sunken hollows and shadows are approximately the same and the same as the size and shape of the printed labels, and more preferably, the contour when viewed from above mentioned shadows, as well as printed label have the form of round spots.

According to one preferred variant of the invention, the non-printable picture is a picture of the flaps or corrugated folding lines.

According to another preferred variant of the invention, the non-printable picture contains duplicate perforated or cut perforations or holes.

Alternatively, non-print pattern may be embossed or raised pattern.

In order to continuously monitor and control the combination of two operations, preferably step (f) regulating the operation of creating a printable pattern and/or operation of printing includes the adjustment of the blade in the transverse direction, for example, by monitoring the side rail system.

Also preferably, step f) regulating the operation of creating a printable pattern and/or operation of printing includes instant speed control of one or more printing rollers and/or feed rollers in the operation, which creates a printable pattern. In particular, step (f) regulating the operation of creating a printable pattern and/or operation of the printing contents is t instant speed control of one or more printing rollers and/or creasing rollers. For retention of registration between printed and non-print pattern, as a rule, should be kept the same speed of movement of the web throughout the entire line of weaving material. However, when the register must be fixed, the speed of one or more rollers or operations may just be instantly corrected to align the provisions of the canvas and achieve again combined register.

Preferably, the pressed recess formed by pushing the pointed top to the sheet material to a predetermined depth. Preferably, the pressed recess has the shape of the hole with a width W at the surface of the material sheet and the maximum depth d from the lowest point within the area around the holes such that the surface of the recess is inclined to each other at the lower part at an acute angle. Also preferably, the pressed recess has the shape of the hole with a width W at the surface of the material sheet and the maximum depth d from the lowest point within the area around the hole, and the ratio between the width W of the hole and the maximum depth d is less than 2.

According to a preferred variant implementation of the depressed recess has the form of a hollow cone with a circular or elliptical open basis. Alternatively, depressed coal the consumption may be in the form of a hollow top or pyramid with a square base, rectangular or diamond shape, that is, the contour shape of the hole.

Thus, in particular, the same sensing equipment is used to determine the position of both the print and pictures creases. This can be done continuously during the manufacturing process that provides improved measurement accuracy.

Printed register marks indicate the position of the respective printing color. When measuring the relative position of the printed label, it is illuminated by the light source, for example, diffused light, to ensure recognition camera or optical sensor printed register marks. The position of the figure creases or recurring element, such as holes or perforations, and labels in the form of indented recesses can be determined simultaneously by including the label in the form of sunken hollows in the field of view of the camera or the recognition area of the optical sensor.

If the measured magnitude of the relative positions, that is, the distance between the printed labels and label and pressed their lateral alignment does not coincide with the set value will be an internal adjustment of the creasing tool and/or the printing machine.

According to another features of the invention, a method of manufacturing a packing material comprising less waste of material and having improved the accuracy of registration between the printed and non-print pattern, in particular, between the printed pattern and the pattern of creases, using the above-mentioned method of controlling as described above and in claim 1 of the claims.

According to additional features of the present invention, the measured position defined for printed registration marks can also be used to control a device for cutting holes or perforations or the like in the subsequent operations downstream line transformation of leaf material. According to this feature, the holes or perforations are cut by laser according to known technology instead of mechanical punching or entity in connection with the operation of Begovaya. Through such a device cutting in moving the canvas creates a picture duplicate of holes or perforations, and these holes are part of an opening device in the end of the packaging container.

Thus, according to the invention the recognition of printed register marks can be used to control the position of the lines, and for controlling the tool that in some way performs an operation on the canvas material, with improved overall accuracy, since the accuracy of the relative positions between the printed pattern and the pattern of creases znachitelno improved. Thus, and based on the specific position of the printing pattern, the creases are set correctly, as well as the possible holes or perforations.

According to another additional feature of the present invention developed the system used in the method for manufacturing a fabric material having a printed pattern in the given position with printable pattern or a repeating element on the sheet material as defined in claim 20 claims. Preferred embodiments of the system according to the invention defined in PP-29 claims.

Accordingly, the invention relates to a system having

(g) section to provide printed canvas material, and at least one image printed with at least one printed two-dimensional register the mark on the canvas,

(h) section to create a printable pattern or a repeating element on the canvas and pressing means for creating, at the same time and in sync with the creation of the printable pattern or element, the recess having a three-dimensional topographical configuration, such that the recesses created a shadow when the light on the canvas at the specified distance from the printed register mark,

i) an optical sensor for determining the position mentioned shadow with respect to the position of the printed label by the recognition of the shadow pressed the ima mentioned three-dimensional depth configuration when illuminated, and by detection register mark,

j) comparing means for comparing the magnitude of the measured position of the shadow relative to position the printed label to a specific value, and

(k) regulating means for regulating the operation of creating the aforementioned non-print pattern or a repeating element, and as mentioned synchronized pressed deepening and/or regulation of the printing operation for fitting the measured values to the specified value.

According to one variant embodiment of the invention section g) precedes section h) and additionally contains a section unwinding, and the printed image and the printed registration label were pre-printed on the canvas in some of the earlier operations.

According to the alternative embodiment of the invention, section h) precedes section g) and contains a section unwinding, with printable pattern or repeating element together with the label in the form of sunken hollows were previously created on the canvas in some of the earlier operations.

Preferably, the printing unit is located in front section for applying non-print pattern, and the optical sensor is located after the mentioned section for applying non-print pattern.

According to a preferred variant implementation of izaberete the Oia, section to create a printable pattern or a repeating element on the cloth is a section Begovaya.

Alternatively, or in addition to section Begovaya section to create a printable pattern or a repeating element on the canvas can contain a section cut perforation or punching holes.

Alternatively, or in addition to section Begovaya section to create a printable pattern or a repeating element on the canvas can contain a section cut perforations or holes.

Alternatively, the section to create a printable pattern or a repeating element on the cloth is a section of the extrusion.

Preferably, the optical sensor contains the system control sensor of this type, which has a matrix sensor, such as, for example, the camera on the charge-coupled device, combined with a light source and made with the possibility of recognition and visualization of the specified register marks.

Preferably, mentioned comparing means includes a computer that is joined to the optical sensor for the measured relative positions and for controlling the means for regulating the operation of the printing machine and/or non-print operation.

According to one of predpochtitel the final variant of the invention, the aforementioned control means for regulating the operation of creating a non-print graphic and/or printing operation includes an adjustment means to move the position of the canvas in the transverse direction.

According to another preferred variant of the invention, the aforementioned control means for regulating the operation of creating a non-print graphic and/or printing operations contains regulatory tool for instant speed control of one or more printing rollers and/or feed rollers operations, which creates a printable pattern.

According to an additional preferred variant of the invention, the aforementioned control means for regulating the operation of creating a non-print graphic and/or printing operations contains regulatory tool for instant speed control of one or more printing rollers and/or creasing rollers.

Preferably, the means for pressing the said recesses contains a pointed top, made with the ability to be pressed into the sheet material to a predetermined depth.

For the analysis of images taken by the camera, determine the type of manufacture of the packaging container and make the necessary adjustments creasing tool and/or the printing machine uses a computer. The computer is programmed size and shape of the markers, set of measured distances for each of the targeted type packing containers is RA, type of packaging container, normally defined printed register mark, and the position of the lines.

Additional objectives and advantages of the method according to the present invention will be obvious to a person skilled in the art from reading the following detailed description of the present preferred embodiments.

Brief description of drawings

The invention will be further described below by way of example and with reference to the accompanying drawings. In the drawings:

On figa presents the main type of production to convert a roll of packaging material

on fig.1b, in the top view showing a piece of the roll of packaging material with printed pattern, combined with a pattern of lines for the subsequent formation of the packaging material in the packaging, as well as with registration marks for each relevant figure,

in figure 2, on form 2A from above, as seen by the camera and/or optical sensor, and on the appropriate form 2b is a side view showing the principle of position recognition of different register marks,

on figa depicts a side view (left) example of a specific configuration depressed labels and top view (right) of the same tag,

on fig.3b depicts a side view (left) an additional example of a specific configuration depressed labels and top view (the right) of the same tag,

on figa depicts a side view (left) one additional example of a specific configuration depressed labels and top view (right) of the same tag,

on fig.4b depicts a side view (left) one additional example of a specific configuration depressed labels and top view (right) of the same tag,

figure 5 shows a side view (left) additional alternative example of a specific configuration depressed labels and top view (right) of the same tag,

on figa presents a side view showing an example of a pressing tool for depressed labels shown on figa and 3b,

on fig.6b presents a side view showing another example of a pressing tool, designed to flatten the label shown on figa and 4b, and

figure 7 presents a block diagram depicting a preferred variant of the method of manufacturing the packaging material according to the invention.

On figa, 8b, 8c and 8d depict alternative embodiments of depressed labels for possible use according to the invention.

Detailed description of embodiments

Thus, figure 1 shows a production line for converting a roll of packaging material. Before painting 1 material, which must be the way the van packing containers, such as, for example, for the packaging of food, will be held to the position recognition according to the present invention, it passes the printing machine 2 with a certain number of printing apparatuses (the drawing shows only one) and section to create a non-print figure 30, such as, for example, scoring tool 3. In scoring tool 3 on sheet material formed creases or lines of BiH in the longitudinal direction and/or in the transverse direction. Containers must be bent along these lines, whereby the three-dimensional structure is formed on the surface of the leaf material. In the printing machine 2 on sheet 1 material printed text and/or images. Imprint 20 may vary depending on the appearance of the final package. The printed image 20 also includes a printed register mark 4, which can help to control the position of the printed image. One or more printed register marks 4 can be performed in a variety of ways to distinguish the various packages and a given value of the distance from the lines. The registration label is preferably formed with areas that are very rich in contrast, and in the form of two-dimensional patterns. As a rule, different appearances register marks are stored in a computer and used in razpoznavam and different packages.

As a rule, typography contains several printed images, each of which is made in one color, which, when the printing of one over the other, together form a complete print design. In order to get a clear and good looking print with a clear focus text and images, it is necessary to align the respective printed images with each other. To date, this was done through the recognition of the relative positions of the printed labels from each of the corresponding figure with respect to each other after each printing apparatus, and these labels are the same size and shape, but different colors, the same optical sensor or camera.

The accuracy of this alignment of the imprint with imprint is high enough, and the printing operation can be controlled so that the alignment is continuously monitored and regulated by a known and existing equipment with an optical sensor.

Canvas 1 material often contains a number of parallel strips or pieces of cloth (1-1, 1-2, and so on), which can be used for packaging the same or different types of packaged products, i.e. which have the same or different printed design. Usually it is enough to note and monitor the situation what their labels along the full width of the canvas.

The printing section 2 and non-print/scoring section 3 can be arranged in any order along the production line of a cloth material. The longitudinal direction of the leaf material is depicted by the arrow in figure 1.

During the operation of Begovaya, label 5 having the form of a pressed-in grooves, having a three-dimensional configuration, running concurrently with the lines preferably by pushing the pointed peaks, located on the creasing roller into the material at a given distance from the printed register marks (marks) 4.

Downstream of leaf material after two 2 printed and non-print sections 3 is an optical sensor 6 for simultaneous detection and determination of the positions of all register marks 4 and 5.

The computer, which is not illustrated, is attached to the optical sensor or the camera 6, and the control means for regulating scoring tool 3 and the printing machine 2. In addition, the computer stores the updated information about the different types of packaging containers, and this information is provided in recognition of the blade 1 material. The computer analyzes the images captured by the camera (cameras) or optical sensor (sensors), and causes the detected relative position of the respective register marks and makes calculations, cos the bathrooms in these analyses. Because different parts of the computer are not in themselves unique, they will not be further presented here.

Printed register mark 4 can be recognized and registered, if it was printed on the surface, which has a lighter shade than the registration label, provided that there is sufficient contrast between the register mark 4 and the printed surface. In practice, the register marks 4 and 5 can be detected, if they are not performed on a dark surface.

Typically, and preferably, after printing, Begovaya packaging material on the basis of cardboard covered with outer layers of plastics for protection against moisture and liquids. Multilayer packaging material are also often provided with a layer which prevents the passage of oxygen, for example, with aluminum foil on one side of cardboard between the cardboard and the outer layer of plastic.

Alternatively, the sheet material may be coated with a thin layer of plastic after the operation of printing, but before bhavanam. Thus, in the scope of the invention it is also possible to create a label in the form of pressed indentations on a paper sheet, covered with plastic.

For some types of packaging are holes or perforations for opening in a subsequent operation 7 downstream from the line convert the output of a cloth material. Preferably, this is done by laser cutting according to known technologies. Holes and perforations 70 for opening can be designed for a specific opening device for straws, to facilitate opening of the package, and so forth. It is important that these holes and perforations adjusted relative to the provisions of print and non-print pattern.

According to additional features of the invention, the position and the register printed register mark 4, thus, can be used to control unit located downstream from the line conversion, for example, laser-cutting machine, for cutting a repeating pattern, for example, holes or perforations in the sheet material.

On fig.1b shows in top view a piece of a roll of packaging material 1 with the printed figure 20, combined with drawing lines 30 big for the subsequent formation of the bending of the packaging material in the packaging, and register marks 4 and 5 for each respective figure. The piece shown in the example, represents the lower part of the packaging. Line of BiH established in the form of figure 30 lines along the sheet in the longitudinal direction and across the web in the transverse direction of the blade. The printed image 20 can contain images, text, and/or just colored areas. UPA is ovocny material, if necessary, provided with perforated or cut holes or perforations in the sheet material in predetermined positions, combined with the printed pattern.

Figure 2 shows the number of printed labels 4a, 4b, 4c, 4d, 4e, 4f, 4g, 4h, and 5 for recognition, which is depicted in the form of 2A from above, as seen by the optical sensor or camera 6. Thus, the printed register mark 4 is printed along each of the respective printing a color picture. Label 5 in the form of a pressed recess is generated in synchronization with a subsequent operation, in particular with the operation of Begovaya, whereby is shaded or dark spot by means of light at a given distance from the printed register marks. The relative position of the pushed label 5 is determined in relation to printed labels 4 through optical character recognition camera position of each color or dark and shaded labels, respectively, when comparing with the light background on the canvas material. On the appropriate form 2b to the side you can see that all the printed register marks 4 have the configuration in two dimensions on the surface of the canvas, whereas depressed tag has an intended configuration, depth in the rolled material. It is important that depressed label 5 is located in sufficient proximity to the printed register marks, so that the relative position of the marks 4 and 5 can be defined and combined in one and the same optical sensor or camera. Thanks to that the WMD location will be achieved a higher accuracy of measuring the distance between marks together with a simple installation of equipment in the line of manufacture of the material. Compared with the existing technology with manual adjustment operations printing and/or Begovaya to combine print and Begovaya (print-to-crease), which provides a measurement accuracy of 0.05 mm and the accuracy of control of the order of approximately 0.25 mm, the measurement accuracy can be increased to about 0.01 mm, while the accuracy of control can be increased to on the order of about 0.1 mm, by use of the method according to the invention.

Figure 3-5 shows the label 5 in the form of indented recesses having different three-dimensional configuration.

On figa depicts a side view (left) and top view (right) typical marks obtained by pushing the round pointed vertices in the cloth material. From the top view you can see that dark spot appears in the middle of the depressed labels, where a pointed vertex included in the leaf material, and the recess has a maximum depth. Outline top view sunken recess has the shape of a round point. Depressed recess has the form of a hollow cone with a circular or elliptical open basis. To get the dark shade of pressed labels it is important that the angle at which the surface of the indented recesses are inclined relative to each other, at the lower point of deepening, was acute, less than 90 degrees. According to the other method, expression requirements deepening the relationship between the width of the loop holes of the label in the form of indented recesses in the surface to the maximum depth of the label in the form of deepening should be less than 2.

On fig.3b depicts a side view (left) and top view (right) label similar to the label on fega, but with a maximum depth of labels in the form of depressed grooves, located asymmetrically within the outline of the hole at the surface of the canvas.

On figa depicts a side view (left) and top view (right) typical marks obtained by pushing in the canvas material of the pointed tops with square or rectangular base. From the top view you can see that dark spot appears in the middle of the depressed labels, where a pointed vertex included in the leaf material, and the recess has a maximum depth. The contour in the top view sunken recess has the shape of a square or rectangle. Depressed recess has the form of a hollow pyramid with a square or rectangular open base. To get the dark shade of pressed labels it is important that the angle at which the surface of the indented recesses are inclined relative to each other, at the lower point of deepening, was sharp, that is, less than 90 degrees. According to another way of expressing requirements to recess from osenia between the average width of the loop holes of the label in the form of indented recesses in the surface to the maximum depth of the label in the form of deepening should be less than 2.

On fig.4b depicts a side view (left) and top view (right) label similar to the label on fega, but with a maximum depth of labels in the form of depressed grooves, located asymmetrically within the outline of the hole at the surface of the canvas.

Figure 5 shows a side view (left) and top view (right) additional option marks obtained by pushing into the fabric of the material structure of several sharp peaks. From the top view you can see that dark spot appears from the depressed areas of the label, where the pointed vertex included in the leaf material, and the recess is deep. The contour in the top view sunken recess has the shape of a round point with a smaller dark spot in the center. To get the dark shade of pressed label seems important that the angle at which the surface of the indented recesses are inclined relative to each other, at the bottom of the recesses from the pointed peaks, was sharp, that is, less than 90 degrees. According to another way of expressing requirements deepening, the relation between the average width of the loop holes of the label in the form of indented recesses in the surface to the maximum depth of the label in the form of deepening should be less than 2.

Figa is a side view of an example of a pressing means for depressed labels, polluter is focused on figa, that is serving the pointed top with round base, attached to the covered part of the pressing means, such as roller, mainly creasing roller. The other part of the pressing means acting on the other side of the sheet of material may be covering part, mainly covering the roller with the corresponding groove opposite the place where the protrusion presses the cloth material.

Fig.6b is a side view showing an additional example of a pressing tool, designed to flatten the label illustrated in figa, i.e. serving the pointed tops with square or rectangular base attached to the covered part of the pressing means, such as roller, mainly creasing roller. The other part of the pressing means acting on the other side of the sheet material may contain a rubber block or matrix, located opposite the place where the protrusion presses the cloth material.

7 is a block diagram showing the main steps of a preferred variant of the method according to the invention.

The cloth material is preferably first passes one or more printing units 2A, 2b, 2C, depending on how much color is in will be used in the printed picture, and through each of the printing machine is formed of one of a printed register mark 4a, 4b, 4c. In the next step 3 on the canvas will create an obscene picture, preferably a pattern of lines. Simultaneously with the creation of non-print pattern, preferably with the operation of Begovaya, creates label 5 in the form of a pressed recess.

The optical sensor 6 detects the position of the printed register marks 4 and 5, and the measured values recorded by the computer 8, which compares the measured value with the set value programmed into the computer. If the measured values differ from the specified values, the response signals are transmitted to the control means 9 for adjusting print 2 and/or non-print 3 operations, preferably Begovaya. If necessary, additional operations 7, such as, for example, the operations further cut or cut perforations can be controlled by the recognized provisions printed labels 4, combined with the mark 5 in the form of a pressed recess.

On Fig shows another variant implementation, providing one label in the form of depressed grooves, thus creating one shadow tag, as described above.

On fig.8b, 8c and 8d depict alternative implementation, each ol which contains a set of multiple smaller labels, which form a pattern of marks, thus creating multiple shadow tag. Thus, the depressed recess may alternatively include multiple shadow tag, which form the predetermined pattern. Such labels multiple recesses that create multiple shadow tag when illuminated, thus, are also possible within the scope of the claimed invention. By measuring groups such individual labels, which together form a given pattern, it is possible to additionally increase the accuracy of the measurement and control of print and non-print operations relative to each other with even higher precision.

However, additional options for implementation, which differs from the above-described drawings and examples in this application or which their modifications are possible within the scope of the attached claims.

1. Method of controlling register, with high precision, moving the cloth material between the printed and non-print pattern, characterized in that it contains stages
a) printing at least one print pattern and at least one printed two-dimensional register mark on the canvas,
b) create a printable pattern or a repeating element on the sheet, and the stages a) and b) are performed in any order the ke,
c) simultaneously and in synchronization with the operation of the step b), the recess grooves, having a three-dimensional topographical configuration, such that the recesses created a shadow when the light on the canvas at the specified distance from the printed register mark, and deepening through this produces a dark spot in the light,
d) determine the provisions of shadows or dark spots relative to position the printed label by the illumination and detection optical sensor, and the shadow is detected by the same optical sensor, which is used to recognize printed labels,
e) comparing the magnitude of the measured position of the shadow created from pressed deeper, relative to position the printed label to a specific value, and
f) regulating the operation of creating the aforementioned non-print pattern or recurring feature, and as mentioned synchronized pressed deepening and/or regulation of the printing operation for fitting the measured values to the specified value.

2. The method according to claim 1, in which the printing operation is performed before non-print operation.

3. The method according to claim 1, in which step a) is performed before step b) and applies to the provision of pre-printed fabric material having at least one printed image and IU is greater least one printed two-dimensional register mark on the canvas.

4. The method according to claim 1, in which step b) is performed before step (a) and refers to the provision of pre-fabricated fabric material having at least one printable image or repeating element and at least one label in the form of depressed grooves, having a three-dimensional topographical configuration, such that the recesses created a shadow when the light on the canvas at the specified distance from the printed register mark, and deepening through this produces a dark spot in the coverage.

5. The method according to claim 1, in which the mentioned position of the shadow relative to position the printed label is defined in the longitudinal direction (MD)and transverse direction (TD).

6. The method according to claim 1, wherein the printed pattern contains several sequentially printed colors, and each printed color pattern is printed registration label, with each successive printed label is controlled to be brought with the first printed label by the same optical sensor.

7. The method according to claim 1, in which the size and shape of the contour when viewed from above mentioned shadows are approximately the same as the size and shape of the printed label.

8. The method according to claim 1, in which the contour when viewed from above mentioned shadows, as well as printed label have the form of round spots

9. The method according to claim 1, wherein the non-printable picture is a picture of the flaps or corrugated folding lines.

10. The method according to claim 1, wherein the non-printable picture contains duplicate perforated or cut perforations or holes.

11. The method according to claim 1, in which the printable pattern is embossed or raised pattern.

12. The method according to claim 1, in which step f) of the regulation creating non-print graphic and/or printing operation includes adjusting the position of the sheet in the transverse direction.

13. The method according to claim 1, in which step f) regulating the operation of creating a printable pattern and/or operation of printing includes the speed control of one or more printing rollers and/or feed rollers in the operation, which creates a printable pattern, preferably creasing rollers.

14. The method according to claim 1, in which the pressed recess formed by pushing the pointed top to the sheet material to a predetermined depth.

15. The method according to claim 1, in which the pressed recess has the shape of the hole with a width W at the surface of the roll of material and a maximum depth d from the lowest point within the area around the hole so that the surface of the recess is inclined to each other at the lower part at an acute angle.

16. The method according to claim 1, in which depressed ug is oblena has the form of a hollow cone with a circular or elliptical open ground.

17. The method according to claim 1, in which the pressed recess has the form of a hollow pyramid with base square, rectangular or diamond shape.

18. A method of manufacturing a material comprising a method of controlling register on moving the canvas material between the printed and non-print pattern according to any one of claims 1 to 17.

19. A method of manufacturing a packaging material comprising a method of controlling register on moving the canvas material between the printed and non-print pattern of the flaps bend lines or holes according to any one of claims 1 to 17.

20. The system used in the method of manufacturing a fabric material having a printed pattern in the position register with printable pattern or a repeating element on the canvas material, characterized in that it has
(g) section to provide printed canvas material, in which at least one image is printed with at least one printed two-dimensional register the mark on the canvas,
(h) section to create a printable pattern or a repeating element on the canvas and pressing means for creating, at the same time and in sync with the creation of the printable pattern or element, the recess having a three-dimensional topographical configuration such that the cavities were created shadow when salt is not the same, on the canvas at the specified distance from the printed register mark,
i) an optical sensor for determining the position mentioned shadow with respect to the position of the printed label by the recognition of the shadow produced by the aforementioned three-dimensional depth configuration for illumination, and simultaneous detection register mark (label),
j) comparing means for comparing the magnitude of the measured position of the shadow relative to position the printed label to a specific value, and
(k) regulating means for regulating the operation of creating the aforementioned non-print pattern or a repeating element, and as mentioned synchronized depressed grooves, and/or regulation of the printing operation for fitting the measured values to the specified value.

21. The system according to claim 20, in which section (g) is preceded by a section h) and additionally contains a section unwinding, and the printed image and the printed registration label were pre-printed on the canvas in some of the earlier operations.

22. The system according to claim 20, in which section (h) precedes section g) and contains a section unwinding, with printable pattern or repeating element together with the label in the form of sunken hollows were previously created on the canvas in some of the earlier operations.

23. System mu is mu of PP or 21, in which section to create a printable pattern or a repeating element on the cloth is scoring section.

24. System according to any one of p or 21, in which section to create a printable pattern or a repeating element on the cloth is a section cut perforation or punching holes.

25. System according to any one of p or 21, in which section to create a printable pattern or a repeating element on the cloth is a section cut perforations or holes.

26. System according to any one of p or 21, in which section to create a printable pattern or a repeating element on the cloth is a section of the extrusion.

27. System according to any one of p or 21, in which the system control sensor contains a matrix sensor, combined with the light source and configured to recognize the specified register marks.

28. System according to any one of p or 21, in which the mentioned comparing means includes a computer that is joined to the optical sensor for the measured relative positions and for controlling the means for regulating the operation of the printing machine and/or non-print operation.

29. System according to any one of p or 21 in which the means for pressing the said recesses contains a pointed top, you is olanow with the ability to be pressed into the sheet material to a predetermined depth.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: printing.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to printing. Method of controlling the position of digital discs (7) of numbering device (1), and the numbering device (1) refers to the type of device that contains digital discs (7) with independent actuators, located next to each other rotatably around a common rotation axis. This method comprises actuation of digital discs (7) between successive numbering iterations to ensure the rotation of each digital disc (7), which must be rotated to a new target position, until, until it reaches its new target position. The method additionally includes at least during the actuation of digital discs (7), an exposure compensation on digital discs (7) of external factors such as friction caused by turning of adjacent to each other digital disks, achievable due to electronic control of each digital disk (7) position, which is not rotated or which has reached its new target position. At that a device for implementing the method is provided.

EFFECT: group of inventions enables to provide high accuracy and reliability of digital discs positioning in numbering device.

23 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: printing industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of quality control of printing base. An expert system for detecting misprints on printing basis in the process of treatment of printing base in printing machine contains a number of sensors connected with functional components of the printing machine, to observe the behavior of the printing machine during processing the printing base, and a processing system connected with these sensors to perform current analysis of the printing machine behaviour, at that the said processing system is adapted to implement the claimed method.

EFFECT: invention enables to improve quality control of printing bases undergoing treatment in printing machines due to taking into account factors other than the criterion of optical quality.

24 cl, 13 dwg

FIELD: printing industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of printing industry. A sheet or roll printing machine comprises the main section, at least one movable ink carriage adapted for connection with a composite section for interaction with it in process of printing operations and shifting away from the main section during operations of maintenance. At the same the specified movable ink carriage comprises at least one ink device, a unit of control to control motion of the specified movable ink carriage in direction towards the specified main section and away from the specified main section, an access area, which at least partially surrounds the specified movable ink carriage to provide access for an operator to the specified main section and the movable ink carriage, and detection facilities to monitor the specified area of access and to detect presence of an operator in the specified access area. The control unit is connected with the specified detection facilities with the possibility of control so that the movement of the specified movable ink carriage may be stopped or prevented.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to improve safety of the proposed device maintenance.

15 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: printing industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of securities numbering. The method of treatment of a substrate in the form of sheets or periodically repeating sections of a roll consists in the fact that stacks from sheets or periodically repeating roll sections turned into separate sheets are formed and processed into packs of separate objects by cutting of the specified stacks along the specified rows and columns. At the same time the packs produced by means of serial cutting of the stacks that follow each form a continuous flow of serially numbered objects. A numerator for typographic numbering on sheet or roll printing machines, at the same time the specified numerator includes numbering wheels to form serial numbers. The numbering wheels are actuated by a fully sequential driving facility and a fully individually adjusted driving facility.

EFFECT: group of inventions makes it possible to form stacks in the form of a continuous flow of serially numbered objects.

11 cl, 27 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: numbering system is designed to be incorporated with printing machine and consists of numbering cylinder, rotary shaft, at least, one supporting disk fitted in said shaft to revolve therewith. Support disk comprises peripheral set ring to mount at least one numbering device 2.06 on support disk periphery. Said device 2.06 is secured to peripheral et ring by means of locking mechanism. Peripheral set ring features T-cross section that defines two annular mounting grooves on each side of the ring. Numbering device 2.06 has its each side supporting locking elements 2.50 to interact with annular mounting grooves for attachment of numbering device to peripheral set ring. Locking elements 2.50 represent, preferably, spring-loaded locking elements.

EFFECT: higher reliability, simplified design.

21 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: printing industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of printing. Described system of sheets control intended for sheet printing machine for double-sided printing of such type comprises two printing cylinders intended to do simultaneous double-sided printing of sheets. At the same time specified system comprises at least one control device to produce images of one side of printed sheets. System of sheets control comprises the first and second transmission cylinders arranged between the first of specified two printing cylinders and chain system with grips provided in printing machine. At the same time printed sheets are moved serially from the first printing cylinder to the first transmission cylinder, to the second transmission cylinder and chain system with grips. Control device comprises linear shaper of image signals intended to produce image of one side of printed sheets by means of linear scanning, at the same time this linear shaper of image signals visually produces image of printed sheet, while printed sheet moves on the first or second transmission cylinder.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to provide for efficient prevention of sheets smudging in process of control.

6 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: printing industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of printing. Described system of sheets control, intended for sheet machine for double-sided printing of such type, comprises two printing cylinders, intended to do simultaneous double-sided printing of sheets, at the same time specified system of sheets control comprises at least the first control device to produce image of the first side of printed sheets. The first control device comprises the first linear shaper of image signals, intended to produce image of the first side of printed sheets by means of linear scanning. At the same time the first control device is arranged so that the first linear shaper of image signal visually produces image of printed sheet, while specified printed sheet still sticks to surface of the first of two printing cylinders of printing machine, and directly prior to displacement of specified printed sheet into chain system with grips provided in printing machine. Also printing machine equipped with control system is described.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to provide for efficient prevention of sheets smudging in process of control.

12 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: printing industry.

SUBSTANCE: method for adjustment of inking apparatus (16) of printing machine consists in the fact that in phase of preparation of printing machine for printing the first measuring accessory (22) is used to identify at least one first measuring value versus the one adjusted on inking apparatus (16) of printing machine, applied at least on one material for printing (21) of ink application, besides based on this first actual value inking apparatus applying ink onto material is adjusted for printing (21). In phase of printing machine run printing the second measuring accessory (23), which varies from the first measuring accessory (22) is used to identify several second actual values related to imprint applied onto material for printing (21) and to deliver to the adjustment device (26) that adjusts inking apparatus (16). One of second actual values detected by the second measuring accessory (23) is used in adjustment device (26) as a specified value, at the same time adjustment device (26) detects deviation of other second actual values identified in phase of printing machine run printing from applied specified value, and this deviation is minimised by new adjustment of inking apparatus that applies ink onto material for printing (21).

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to improve quality of printing.

16 cl, 2 dwg

Sensor device // 2335403

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to fluorescing or phosphorescing print check and detection on sheets fed to printing press for securities printing. Luminescent sensor device contains set of subunits, optical sensitive elements, at that each subunit contains ultra-violet lighters for sample illumination, digital camera system containing front element, mirror assembly tracking light radiated from the specified sample to front element of digital camera system; and digital signal processor providing processing of signals, generated by the specified front element of digital camera system. Thus fluorescing or phosphorescing print check and detection system on security sheets contains luminescent sensor device.

EFFECT: improved control quality.

10 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: method and device for colored flexography.

SUBSTANCE: method for applying multiple paint layers onto a substrate includes following stages: application onto a substrate of at least one painting layer of energy-hardened liquid paint with viscosity less than approximately 4000 centipoises, and including reaction-incapable paint thinner, where applied layer of energy-hardened paint has first viscosity; evaporation of at least a part of reaction-incapable paint thinner from applied paint layer for increasing viscosity of applied layer of energy-hardened paint; application onto substrate and applied layer of energy-hardened paint with increased viscosity of at least one layer of non energy-hardened liquid paint, viscosity of which is less than increased viscosity of previously applied layer of energy-hardened paint; and drying of both paint layers on the substrate. Another variant of method for applying multiple paint layers onto a substrate is differentiated by applied layer of energy-hardened paint having to be of increased viscosity compared to following layer of energy-hardened liquid paint with viscosity less than approximately 4000 centipoises, and containing reaction-incapable paint thinner, where viscosity of following layer is less than increased viscosity of energy-hardened paint layer applied beforehand. Also a method is suggested for printing multiple paint layers on a substrate, which includes stage of selection of first and second energy-hardened liquid flexography paint, where each paint contains viscosity controlling reaction-incapable paint thinner, consisting of water in amount of from 5% to 50% of thinner weight, where each paint has viscosity approximately ranging from 30 to 70 centipoises, and stage of serial application of first and second energy-hardened liquid flexography paint onto a substrate to create first and second paint layers, having overlapping parts, where second paint is applied only after at least a part of paint thinner is evaporated in first paint layer. Device for serial application of multiple overlapping paint layers onto a substrate contains substrate route and substrate drive for moving the substrate along a route, where paint application sections are adapted for applying paint onto substrate, which paint includes reaction-incapable paint thinner and has viscosity less than 4000 centipoises, and also management system, which manages transportation of substrate along a route. Viscosity of first layer of liquid paint, applied onto a substrate in one of paint sections, is increased due to evaporation of at least a part of paint thinner from first paint layer to higher viscosity compared to viscosity of second paint, applied on top of first paint layer in next paint section, located at a certain distance from first paint section, up to viscosity, sufficient for "crude" application of second liquid paint layer during transportation of substrate between paint sections.

EFFECT: in suggested methods, relief printing is achieved without insignificant modifications of printing equipment.

4 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: polygraphic engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method for printing of protected documents, in which the latters are printed on sheets, each containing a great number of protected documents. Each sheet has a unique type-readable identifier. In the process of production the lots are processed with the aid of several printing presses. On each printing press the identifiers are read off with the aid of a local computer separated for the given printing press. The results are transmitted by inquiry in the form of poles of data to the central data base. Each pile contains information on several sheets, which eliminates the necessity of transmission of the respective data in the conditions of real time through the network. To enhance the safety of reduction of dependence from operation, each local computer has a means of automatic checkup of the state of the lot processing.

EFFECT: checkout of printing production at a large enterprise at low requirements to hardware, software and computer circuit.

10 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: operative color control in printing presses for used primary and auxiliary colors by continuous conducting of spectral measurements in conjunction with linear equations for determining the required correction of printing ink feed for conservation of color precision in printing.

SUBSTANCE: when the color anomaly is exceeded, the measured values of the spectral reflectivity of the tested area are compared with the respective preset values, and the anomaly of the reflection spectrum is determined. The linear equations are used for correlation of the reflection spectrum anomalies with varieties of the solid ink density or thickness of the ink layer for ink feed control with the use of an operatively empitically produced corrective matrix, such that the reflection spectrum is minimized.

EFFECT: provided color control during printing with the use of spectral measurements.

65 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: polygraphic industry, in particular, technique for processing of perfected paper sheets, in particular, bonds.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has device for sequential feeding of sheets, transportation means, means for processing of said sheets, and means for sorting out of sheets into at least two paper sheet stacks. Indicated parts of apparatus are sequentially arranged in direction of advancement of said paper sheets. Means for processing of sheets has first print quality controlling device, device for applying series numbers and/or additional members onto sheets, second print quality controlling device adapted for controlling of applied numbers and/or images of additional members, and sheet marking device actuated in response to data generated by first and second print quality controlling devices for marking of sheets rejected by said first and second print quality controlling devices.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in carrying out of complex or part of said operations and provision for high-degree controlling of print quality.

12 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: method and device for colored flexography.

SUBSTANCE: method for applying multiple paint layers onto a substrate includes following stages: application onto a substrate of at least one painting layer of energy-hardened liquid paint with viscosity less than approximately 4000 centipoises, and including reaction-incapable paint thinner, where applied layer of energy-hardened paint has first viscosity; evaporation of at least a part of reaction-incapable paint thinner from applied paint layer for increasing viscosity of applied layer of energy-hardened paint; application onto substrate and applied layer of energy-hardened paint with increased viscosity of at least one layer of non energy-hardened liquid paint, viscosity of which is less than increased viscosity of previously applied layer of energy-hardened paint; and drying of both paint layers on the substrate. Another variant of method for applying multiple paint layers onto a substrate is differentiated by applied layer of energy-hardened paint having to be of increased viscosity compared to following layer of energy-hardened liquid paint with viscosity less than approximately 4000 centipoises, and containing reaction-incapable paint thinner, where viscosity of following layer is less than increased viscosity of energy-hardened paint layer applied beforehand. Also a method is suggested for printing multiple paint layers on a substrate, which includes stage of selection of first and second energy-hardened liquid flexography paint, where each paint contains viscosity controlling reaction-incapable paint thinner, consisting of water in amount of from 5% to 50% of thinner weight, where each paint has viscosity approximately ranging from 30 to 70 centipoises, and stage of serial application of first and second energy-hardened liquid flexography paint onto a substrate to create first and second paint layers, having overlapping parts, where second paint is applied only after at least a part of paint thinner is evaporated in first paint layer. Device for serial application of multiple overlapping paint layers onto a substrate contains substrate route and substrate drive for moving the substrate along a route, where paint application sections are adapted for applying paint onto substrate, which paint includes reaction-incapable paint thinner and has viscosity less than 4000 centipoises, and also management system, which manages transportation of substrate along a route. Viscosity of first layer of liquid paint, applied onto a substrate in one of paint sections, is increased due to evaporation of at least a part of paint thinner from first paint layer to higher viscosity compared to viscosity of second paint, applied on top of first paint layer in next paint section, located at a certain distance from first paint section, up to viscosity, sufficient for "crude" application of second liquid paint layer during transportation of substrate between paint sections.

EFFECT: in suggested methods, relief printing is achieved without insignificant modifications of printing equipment.

4 cl, 2 dwg

Sensor device // 2335403

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to fluorescing or phosphorescing print check and detection on sheets fed to printing press for securities printing. Luminescent sensor device contains set of subunits, optical sensitive elements, at that each subunit contains ultra-violet lighters for sample illumination, digital camera system containing front element, mirror assembly tracking light radiated from the specified sample to front element of digital camera system; and digital signal processor providing processing of signals, generated by the specified front element of digital camera system. Thus fluorescing or phosphorescing print check and detection system on security sheets contains luminescent sensor device.

EFFECT: improved control quality.

10 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: printing industry.

SUBSTANCE: method for adjustment of inking apparatus (16) of printing machine consists in the fact that in phase of preparation of printing machine for printing the first measuring accessory (22) is used to identify at least one first measuring value versus the one adjusted on inking apparatus (16) of printing machine, applied at least on one material for printing (21) of ink application, besides based on this first actual value inking apparatus applying ink onto material is adjusted for printing (21). In phase of printing machine run printing the second measuring accessory (23), which varies from the first measuring accessory (22) is used to identify several second actual values related to imprint applied onto material for printing (21) and to deliver to the adjustment device (26) that adjusts inking apparatus (16). One of second actual values detected by the second measuring accessory (23) is used in adjustment device (26) as a specified value, at the same time adjustment device (26) detects deviation of other second actual values identified in phase of printing machine run printing from applied specified value, and this deviation is minimised by new adjustment of inking apparatus that applies ink onto material for printing (21).

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to improve quality of printing.

16 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: printing industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of printing. Described system of sheets control, intended for sheet machine for double-sided printing of such type, comprises two printing cylinders, intended to do simultaneous double-sided printing of sheets, at the same time specified system of sheets control comprises at least the first control device to produce image of the first side of printed sheets. The first control device comprises the first linear shaper of image signals, intended to produce image of the first side of printed sheets by means of linear scanning. At the same time the first control device is arranged so that the first linear shaper of image signal visually produces image of printed sheet, while specified printed sheet still sticks to surface of the first of two printing cylinders of printing machine, and directly prior to displacement of specified printed sheet into chain system with grips provided in printing machine. Also printing machine equipped with control system is described.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to provide for efficient prevention of sheets smudging in process of control.

12 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: printing industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of printing. Described system of sheets control intended for sheet printing machine for double-sided printing of such type comprises two printing cylinders intended to do simultaneous double-sided printing of sheets. At the same time specified system comprises at least one control device to produce images of one side of printed sheets. System of sheets control comprises the first and second transmission cylinders arranged between the first of specified two printing cylinders and chain system with grips provided in printing machine. At the same time printed sheets are moved serially from the first printing cylinder to the first transmission cylinder, to the second transmission cylinder and chain system with grips. Control device comprises linear shaper of image signals intended to produce image of one side of printed sheets by means of linear scanning, at the same time this linear shaper of image signals visually produces image of printed sheet, while printed sheet moves on the first or second transmission cylinder.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to provide for efficient prevention of sheets smudging in process of control.

6 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: numbering system is designed to be incorporated with printing machine and consists of numbering cylinder, rotary shaft, at least, one supporting disk fitted in said shaft to revolve therewith. Support disk comprises peripheral set ring to mount at least one numbering device 2.06 on support disk periphery. Said device 2.06 is secured to peripheral et ring by means of locking mechanism. Peripheral set ring features T-cross section that defines two annular mounting grooves on each side of the ring. Numbering device 2.06 has its each side supporting locking elements 2.50 to interact with annular mounting grooves for attachment of numbering device to peripheral set ring. Locking elements 2.50 represent, preferably, spring-loaded locking elements.

EFFECT: higher reliability, simplified design.

21 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: printing industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of securities numbering. The method of treatment of a substrate in the form of sheets or periodically repeating sections of a roll consists in the fact that stacks from sheets or periodically repeating roll sections turned into separate sheets are formed and processed into packs of separate objects by cutting of the specified stacks along the specified rows and columns. At the same time the packs produced by means of serial cutting of the stacks that follow each form a continuous flow of serially numbered objects. A numerator for typographic numbering on sheet or roll printing machines, at the same time the specified numerator includes numbering wheels to form serial numbers. The numbering wheels are actuated by a fully sequential driving facility and a fully individually adjusted driving facility.

EFFECT: group of inventions makes it possible to form stacks in the form of a continuous flow of serially numbered objects.

11 cl, 27 dwg

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