Sluice aeroponic column

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for growing plants in a nutrient medium without soil. The sluice aeroponic column comprises a vertical pipe with holes in the walls, irrigation nozzles, outlet and inlet pipelines of nutrient solution. In the upper part of the pipe there are apertures for fastening aerophyte sluices and air filters. Lower (narrower) part of the pipe rests on the collecting cone connected by an isthmus to a clarification tank, in which the UV lamp is located and which is connected to the tank for mineralised water. The aerophyte sluices are attached to the pipe walls in a staggered manner and represent the pipe segments with inclined cuts and clamps in a vertical plane. In the outer cut the loose environment is placed for germination and retention of plants.

EFFECT: simplifying of device design, simplifying of the device maintenance.

2 cl, 2 dwg

 

Now the alleged invention relates to the cultivation of plants without land adaptive when the impact on the root system spray of nutrient solution.

Known methods of growing plants without land on vertical surfaces or devices (1, 2). The closest to this proposal is the patent of Russia in which aeroponnaya column contains a vertical pipe with holes in the walls, nozzles for irrigation and drainage and the supply line of the nutrient solution (3).

A disadvantage of the known devices is the complexity and high cost of manufacture, increased complexity when planting, uneven irrigation roots necessary to use a high level ZUN, and poor nutrition of plants in the early stages of germination.

The aim of the present invention is to make Aeromonas installation of qualities such as low cost of production, ease of maintenance, ease of germination and planting plants. This objective is achieved in that in the upper part of the column is a cone with a fixed nozzle or nozzles (depending on column size)in the pipe wall has holes for fixing aerotechnik gateways and air filters, the lower (shorter) part of the pipe is based on collecting cone, is United with the tank and leading to the tank with mineralized water, and a UV lamp located so as to irradiate the sump and tank with mineralized water. However, Aerolinie gateways attached to the pipe walls in a staggered manner and are segments of a cylinder with an inclined spaced sections and clamps in a vertical plane, and in the inner part aeroginosa gateway posted a leaky environment.

The possibility of practical implementation.

In the drawings: Figure 1 presents the detail Aeromonas columns. Figure 2 shows aerotitis gateway. Aeroponnaya column in figure 1 contains narrowed to the bottom of the column with holes in 1. The column is closed above the upper cone placed in him by the nozzle 2, and the bottom collecting cone 3. The lower collecting cone, depending on the number of columns in the system, connected by short or long isthmus 4 tank 5. From the sump the water through the connection 6 is fed into the tank with mineralized water 7. Sump and tank with mineralized water are disinfected using ultraviolet lamps 8. Mineralized decontaminated water from the tank with mineralized water again comes to injectors and raspalas, creates a current of air from the upper air filter 9 in the bottom 10, irrigating plant roots protruding from aerotechnik gateways 11 mist, rich in minerals.

Separately satyanarayana gateway is presented in figure 2. It consists of a casing in the form of a pipe with obliquely cut edges 12, in the inner part of which is a knob 13, which in the pipe is kept loose environment 14. Aerotitis gateway is held in Aeromonas column clamps 15.

The device operates as follows. Aerolinie gateways 11 after planting in them the seed or seedling (depends on the culture) are fixed in the holes Aeromonas columns in a checkerboard pattern to increase the space required for the growth of roots and held it with the help of clamps 15. Root sprout grows through the loose medium 14 and is in the irrigated environment. Internal oblique slice allows more efficient use of irrigation in the early stages of germination, and the outer - protects from falling into the gateway harmful organisms. Aeroponnaya column 1 to the bottom narrows, allowing you to more efficiently irrigate the roots of the plants. Irrigated environment created by the nozzles installed in the upper cone 2.

Depending on the number of columns, their size and the water in the nozzle several columns can be at each column from individual water pump, multiple columns from a single more powerful water pump and one common tank with mineralized water 7 or tank, where the pressure is generated air compr what sorom.

Also it is recommended that the connection to the column redundant create water pressure for the injector, such as a backup water pumps, uninterruptible power supplies, backup generators, etc.

The irrigation itself occurs intermittently, depending on the culture and size of the column. The frequency and duration of irrigation can be created by means of a relay or the computer module.

During the irrigation water stream creates a current of air from the upper air filter 9 to the bottom of the air filter 10. The inner bore of the filters is directed downward to prevent light on the injectors and the roots of plants.

The excess water flows down the lower collecting cone 3 across the isthmus 4 in the tank 5 with a transparent bottom for passing through a disinfecting water by ultraviolet radiation. When full, water flows into the drainage channel distilled water 6 and falls into the tank for mineral water 7. The water in the tank is disinfected with ultraviolet lamp 8. Radiation from the lamp is directed into the tank 7, and into the sump 5. The walls of the tank should be covered with reflective paint, and over the sump 5 to position the protective cover, which will not allow ultraviolet radiation to irradiate the roots of plants.

Sources of information

1. EP 0533939 A1.

2. FR 2747263 A1.

3. EN 2383129.

1. Gateway and Bopanna column, with a vertical pipe with holes in the walls, nozzles for irrigation and drainage and the supply line of the nutrient solution, characterized in that the upper part of the tube has holes for fixing aerotechnik gateways and air filters, the lower (shorter) part of the pipe is based on collecting cone, connected across the isthmus to the sedimentation tank, which houses the UV lamp, and which is connected to the tank for saline water.

2. Column according to claim 1, characterized in that Aerolinie gateways attached to the pipe walls in a staggered manner and are pipe pieces with inclined spaced sections and clamps in a vertical plane, while in the outer shear posted by leaky environment for germination and retention of plants.



 

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