Method of increasing of winter hardiness of winter wheat

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. The method comprises treatment of seeds with growth stimulators and their northering. At that the seeds prior to sowing are enveloped with a mixture of molasses - a waste of sugar manufacture, clay dialbeculit and biopreparation Linex in the ratio of 2:1:0.2.

EFFECT: method enables to increase winter hardness due to natural resources and to simplify the pre-sowing treatment to increase winter hardness.

1 tbl, 2 ex

 

The invention relates to the field of agriculture, particularly the cultivation of winter wheat, and may find application at sowing crops to increase winter hardiness.

There is a method in which to save the plants in the winter use zeolite (A.S. 1132850 published 07.01.1985, IPC A01G 7/00).

However, making only one natural source is not sufficient for the preservation of plants in the winter.

There is a method for improving plant tolerance to cold seeds are soaked in a solution of a mixture of Proline and glucose with subsequent cooling in the wet sand (p. No. 2229215 from 27.05.2004,, IPC A01G 7/00).

The known method is complicated, because it requires additional germination in cold conditions, hardening them in the refrigerator in the artificial light.

There is a method in which the hardening of seeds hold their patience in the refrigerating chamber at low temperatures, followed by wrapping the clay leskanic (p. No. 2419274 from 27.05.2011, IPC AS 1/00).

The disadvantage of this method is that bear seeds in the refrigerator for 2-3 months. This increases the cost of implementation of the known technical solutions.

The closest technical solution is the way in which to improve winter hardiness use regulators ro is the containing sugar (gibberelin, the Melafen, piraten). In this way, the hardiness increased by 7-9% (Isaichev VA, Provalov E.V. Accumulation closewith connections winter wheat phase of hardening depending on growth regulators. // W. Agricultural science, No. 3, 2011, p.20-21).

The disadvantage of the prototype is that the applied growth regulators expensive, which increases the costs for the implementation of the prototype, which complicates the process.

The technical result of the claimed subject - reduction in cost and simplification of the method.

The technical solution of the declared object is that the way to increase the hardiness of winter wheat includes seed treatment with growth stimulants and their hardening, according to the invention, the seeds before sowing, cover with a mixture of molasses waste of sugar manufacture, clay vallecula and biological Linex in the ratio 2:1:0,2.

The method is as follows.

Seeds of winter wheat treated with growth promoters and conduct their training. Before sowing the seeds (hectare norm 200-220 kg/ha) cover with a mixture of molasses - 100-110 kg/ha, clay vallecula - 100-110 kg/ha and biological Linex - 200 g/ha

Molasses is a waste of beet sugar production (syrupy liquid contains 20-25% water, 9% nitrogen compounds (mainly amides), 58-60% carbohydrates (chapters the first way sugar) and 7-10% ash. During seed processing molasses is used not only as a carbohydrate component that increases winter hardiness, but also as a binder ingredient, as well as nitrogen fertilization of seeds.

Zeolite clay - vallecula (North Ossetian field in the floodplains of the river Ordon is a tributary of the Terek) contains, %:

silicon - 46,5zinc - 1,1
potassium - 1,1iron - 7,1
Nickel - 1,7calcium - 37
phosphorus - 1,7
cobalt - a 0.1

Due to the high calcium content of the reaction medium clay alkaline (pH of 9.1). Clay vallecula differs from other known zeolite clays lighter specific gravity (1.4 to 1.45 g/cm3), which explains the peculiarity of its mineralogical composition (the presence of a large number of hydrolog). Vallecula contains a noticeable amount of water-soluble salts, closer this index is to enjoy good silt sulfide mud with high sorption properties. Therefore, as part of the proposed mix these clays hold the seed's shell, to provide the Wai not only carbohydrates, molasses, but keeping warm, having a high heat capacity (coefficient of 0.34%) and low yield (ratio 3.5%)Bennouna selected parameters is explained by the chemical composition of each ingredient (clay and molasses), necessary for the healthy development of plants. The number of microorganisms Linex in the proposed dose provides a normal biological process in the soil.

Higher doses of Linex expensive. In addition, Diabelli due to the high calcium content (37%) is black soil, providing a reduction in the incidence of seed. Linex is a biological product, usually used by living organisms, is designed to align the microflora of the intestine and contains living liofilizirovannye bacteria: lactobacillus acidophilus (sp.L. gasseri), Bifidobacterium infantis. Enterococcus faecium. These lactic acid bacteria regulate and support the physiological processes of germinated seeds, resistant to chemicals, polluting the soil.

Make a biological product in such a mixture under anaerobic conditions soil retains favorable microflora for the development of seeds.

Example 1.

Seeds of winter wheat varieties Batka in the amount of 200 kg/ha was enveloped in a mixture of 100 kg/ha clay diabecell, 100 kg/ha molasses and 40 g/ha of drug Linex. Before kneading the clay is crushed, adding the first batch of molasses in the clay, and just before sowing the m double mixture was added 40 g of Linex and seeds.

Example 2.

Mixed clay Diabelli in the amount of 220 kg/ha with molasses 110 kg/ha immediately prior to sowing the seeds of winter wheat cultivars "don 107" in the amount of 220 kg/ha mixed with cooked mixture of clay and molasses, adding 42 g of a biological product Linex. The experimental results are summarized in the table from which it follows that the proposed option of a mixture of clay, molasses and Linex the best option in the ratio 2:1:0.2 to providing high germination and winter hardiness. Therefore, due disposed of molasses and natural clays in lower costs, easier way pre-treatment to increase resistance to cold.

Variants of experimentsGermination, %GerminationHardiness, %+ control
Control (without making mixes)76,484,282,8
Clay vallecula 100-120 kg/ha81,8at 88.186,23,4
Molasses 100-120 kg/ha 82,387,688,5the 5.7
Linex of 0.2-0.382,886,989,06,2
Diabelli+Linex90,292,4a 94.211,4
Molasses+Linex88,590,595,5a 12.7
Diabelli+Molasses+Linex92,396,297,014,2
the ratio of 1:1:0,5
The proposed mixture in the ratio 2:2:0,392,696,897,614,8
Offerfor 95.298,498,715,9
the mix ratio
2:1:0,2

The way to increase the hardiness of winter wheat, which includes seed treatment with growth stimulants and their hardening, characterized in that the seeds before sowing, cover with a mixture of molasses waste of sugar manufacture, clay vallecula and biological Linex in the ratio 2:1:0,2.



 

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