Method of increasing of winter hardiness of winter wheat
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. The method comprises treatment of seeds with growth stimulators and their northering. At that the seeds prior to sowing are enveloped with a mixture of molasses - a waste of sugar manufacture, clay dialbeculit and biopreparation Linex in the ratio of 2:1:0.2.
EFFECT: method enables to increase winter hardness due to natural resources and to simplify the pre-sowing treatment to increase winter hardness.
1 tbl, 2 ex
The invention relates to the field of agriculture, particularly the cultivation of winter wheat, and may find application at sowing crops to increase winter hardiness.
There is a method in which to save the plants in the winter use zeolite (A.S. 1132850 published 07.01.1985, IPC A01G 7/00).
However, making only one natural source is not sufficient for the preservation of plants in the winter.
There is a method for improving plant tolerance to cold seeds are soaked in a solution of a mixture of Proline and glucose with subsequent cooling in the wet sand (p. No. 2229215 from 27.05.2004,, IPC A01G 7/00).
The known method is complicated, because it requires additional germination in cold conditions, hardening them in the refrigerator in the artificial light.
There is a method in which the hardening of seeds hold their patience in the refrigerating chamber at low temperatures, followed by wrapping the clay leskanic (p. No. 2419274 from 27.05.2011, IPC AS 1/00).
The disadvantage of this method is that bear seeds in the refrigerator for 2-3 months. This increases the cost of implementation of the known technical solutions.
The closest technical solution is the way in which to improve winter hardiness use regulators ro is the containing sugar (gibberelin, the Melafen, piraten). In this way, the hardiness increased by 7-9% (Isaichev VA, Provalov E.V. Accumulation closewith connections winter wheat phase of hardening depending on growth regulators. // W. Agricultural science, No. 3, 2011, p.20-21).
The disadvantage of the prototype is that the applied growth regulators expensive, which increases the costs for the implementation of the prototype, which complicates the process.
The technical result of the claimed subject - reduction in cost and simplification of the method.
The technical solution of the declared object is that the way to increase the hardiness of winter wheat includes seed treatment with growth stimulants and their hardening, according to the invention, the seeds before sowing, cover with a mixture of molasses waste of sugar manufacture, clay vallecula and biological Linex in the ratio 2:1:0,2.
The method is as follows.
Seeds of winter wheat treated with growth promoters and conduct their training. Before sowing the seeds (hectare norm 200-220 kg/ha) cover with a mixture of molasses - 100-110 kg/ha, clay vallecula - 100-110 kg/ha and biological Linex - 200 g/ha
Molasses is a waste of beet sugar production (syrupy liquid contains 20-25% water, 9% nitrogen compounds (mainly amides), 58-60% carbohydrates (chapters the first way sugar) and 7-10% ash. During seed processing molasses is used not only as a carbohydrate component that increases winter hardiness, but also as a binder ingredient, as well as nitrogen fertilization of seeds.
Zeolite clay - vallecula (North Ossetian field in the floodplains of the river Ordon is a tributary of the Terek) contains, %:
|silicon - 46,5||zinc - 1,1|
|potassium - 1,1||iron - 7,1|
|Nickel - 1,7||calcium - 37|
|phosphorus - 1,7|
|cobalt - a 0.1|
Due to the high calcium content of the reaction medium clay alkaline (pH of 9.1). Clay vallecula differs from other known zeolite clays lighter specific gravity (1.4 to 1.45 g/cm3), which explains the peculiarity of its mineralogical composition (the presence of a large number of hydrolog). Vallecula contains a noticeable amount of water-soluble salts, closer this index is to enjoy good silt sulfide mud with high sorption properties. Therefore, as part of the proposed mix these clays hold the seed's shell, to provide the Wai not only carbohydrates, molasses, but keeping warm, having a high heat capacity (coefficient of 0.34%) and low yield (ratio 3.5%)Bennouna selected parameters is explained by the chemical composition of each ingredient (clay and molasses), necessary for the healthy development of plants. The number of microorganisms Linex in the proposed dose provides a normal biological process in the soil.
Higher doses of Linex expensive. In addition, Diabelli due to the high calcium content (37%) is black soil, providing a reduction in the incidence of seed. Linex is a biological product, usually used by living organisms, is designed to align the microflora of the intestine and contains living liofilizirovannye bacteria: lactobacillus acidophilus (sp.L. gasseri), Bifidobacterium infantis. Enterococcus faecium. These lactic acid bacteria regulate and support the physiological processes of germinated seeds, resistant to chemicals, polluting the soil.
Make a biological product in such a mixture under anaerobic conditions soil retains favorable microflora for the development of seeds.
Seeds of winter wheat varieties Batka in the amount of 200 kg/ha was enveloped in a mixture of 100 kg/ha clay diabecell, 100 kg/ha molasses and 40 g/ha of drug Linex. Before kneading the clay is crushed, adding the first batch of molasses in the clay, and just before sowing the m double mixture was added 40 g of Linex and seeds.
Mixed clay Diabelli in the amount of 220 kg/ha with molasses 110 kg/ha immediately prior to sowing the seeds of winter wheat cultivars "don 107" in the amount of 220 kg/ha mixed with cooked mixture of clay and molasses, adding 42 g of a biological product Linex. The experimental results are summarized in the table from which it follows that the proposed option of a mixture of clay, molasses and Linex the best option in the ratio 2:1:0.2 to providing high germination and winter hardiness. Therefore, due disposed of molasses and natural clays in lower costs, easier way pre-treatment to increase resistance to cold.
|Variants of experiments||Germination, %||Germination||Hardiness, %||+ control|
|Control (without making mixes)||76,4||84,2||82,8|
|Clay vallecula 100-120 kg/ha||81,8||at 88.1||86,2||3,4|
|Molasses 100-120 kg/ha||82,3||87,6||88,5||the 5.7|
|Linex of 0.2-0.3||82,8||86,9||89,0||6,2|
|the ratio of 1:1:0,5|
|The proposed mixture in the ratio 2:2:0,3||92,6||96,8||97,6||14,8|
|the mix ratio|
The way to increase the hardiness of winter wheat, which includes seed treatment with growth stimulants and their hardening, characterized in that the seeds before sowing, cover with a mixture of molasses waste of sugar manufacture, clay vallecula and biological Linex in the ratio 2:1:0,2.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture, in particular, to crop production. The method includes maintaining a continuous light and daily exposure on tomato seedlings of variable temperatures of +26°C and +10°C. At that the tomato seedlings, starting from the phase of the first true leaf, are subjected to daily exposure of temperature of +26°C for 21-22 hours and a temperature of +10°C for 2-3 hours during 16 days.
EFFECT: method enables to enhance the quality of tomato seedlings due to increasing biomass, the utilisation efficiency of light energy and acceleration of development of plants, and to reduce the energy consumption for cooling the facilities for growing seedlings.
1 dwg, 2 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture, in particular, to growing plants in protected ground. The method includes planting of plants and their growing with periodic lighting the plants. At that the lighting is carried out with optical radiation focused with use of an optical system comprising an optical energy source and a reflector, located outside the closed space with the ability of transmitting at least one beam of optical energy into the closed space on at least one rotatable reflector placed in the closed space with the ability of transmitting the optical energy to the plants. Moreover, the time of lighting of a plant for 0.5-1.0 seconds is used, with an interval between lighting of 9-15 seconds.
EFFECT: method enables to improve the efficiency of light-pulse treatment of plants and simplify growing the plants in the closed space.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture and food industry, as well as aromatherapy. In the method the volume of fraction of volatile compounds of ethereal oil of mint leaves is determined in a period of technical ripeness. The volume of fraction is calculated from the difference between the amount of ethereal oil of secretory glands, obtained based on the number and size of the glands per unit of area of mint plant leaves using light microscope with a video system Lumenera Infinity 2 followed by data processing using the program Infinity camera V:5.02, and the volume of ethereal oil obtained by the method of hydrodistillation.
EFFECT: method enables to determine quickly the content of fraction of volatile compounds in the ethereal oil and carry out the selection of breeding material.
3 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture and, in particular, to selection. In the method the content of ethereal oil in leaves of mint plants is determined according to the total volume of the secretory glands. At that the quantity and size of the glands per unit of leaf area of a mint plant is obtained using a light microscope with video-system Lumenera Infinity 2 followed by data processing using the program Infinity camera V:5.02. Also, a light microscope with a digital camera and a scale rule or a binocular with an ocular micrometer is used.
EFFECT: method enables to speed up evaluation of the potential productivity of breeding samples.
3 cl, 2 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: inventions relate to the field of agriculture. The method includes calculated or instrumental determination of exergy values of plant radiation parameters. In a complex multi-factor system "plant - environmental factors - control factors" they select an order variable from a large number of variables, and this variable is the most quickly varying and most intensely acting at processes in the system, also control parameters are selected, with the help of which it is possible to influence productional processes of plants. At the same time the order variable is inflow of optical radiation exergy to plant in respect to plant photosynthesis. The control parameters are temperature, air moisture, soil moisture, concentration of mineral elements of root nutrition. For arid southern zones of agriculture with excess of solar optical radiation and lack of moisture, the order variable selected is soil moisture - exergy of soil water potential. For northern cold areas of agriculture the order variable is ambient air temperature - exergy of temperature potential, and total exergy of optical radiation in respect to plant photosynthesis for these areas of agriculture is included into the number of control parameters. The device comprises a comparator, a timer, a memory unit, a sensor of solar radiation exergy, an ambient temperature sensor, a soil temperature sensor, a soil moisture sensor. The control logical switchboard has five control switches. At the same time inputs of control switches are connected to the first, second, third, fourth and fifth outputs of the control logical switchboard. The sensor of optical radiation exergy capacity is connected to the fifth input of the control logical switchboard. The unit designed for functioning under conditions of arid southern areas of agriculture with excess of solar optical radiation additionally contains a unit for calculation of soil water potential exergy, the output of which is connected to the first input of the comparator. The unit designed for functioning under conditions of northern cold areas additionally contains a unit for calculation of temperature potential exergy, at the same time the output of the unit for calculation of temperature potential exergy is connected to the second input of the memory unit.
EFFECT: inventions make it possible to increase productivity of plants and to increase energy efficiency of crop sector.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agricultural biotechnology, seed breeding of potato, potato farming. The method comprises culturing of sanitated potato plants in vitro by grafting on a nutrient medium containing macro- and microelements according to Murashige-Skoog, sucrose, Fe-chelate, glycerol, indole acetic acid, agar-agar, vitamins according to White, obtaining meristematic regenerated plants and planting the plants in soil. Before planting in the soil the meristematic regenerated plants are subjected to daily effect of temperature +4-+5°C for 2 hours during 6-7 days.
EFFECT: method enables to improve viability of the regenerated plants when transplanting into the soil, to increase cold resistance of potato plants by 55% and plant resistance to potato cyst-forming nematodes by 53%, and also to increase yield of potatoes.
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the field of agriculture. In the method from a large number of variables the variable of order is selected in a complex multifactorial system "plant - environmental factors", changing the most rapidly and influencing most strongly on the processes in the system. Also the control parameters are chosen by which it is possible to carry out the influence on the productive processes of plants. At that the level of effectiveness of agro-technologies is determined by the ratio of the value of the exergy of the variable of order in the actually obtained crop production, in the experiment with the estimated agro-technology to the value of the theoretical exergy of the variable of order obtained by calculating from the expression: η(%)=℮"рпц"/℮tpp where η is an indicator of the effectiveness level of optimality of agro-technologies, ℮"рпц" is real yield in exegetical units, ℮tpp is theoretical value of potentially possible yield under the given environmental conditions in exegetical units. The device comprises a sensor of exergy of optical radiation for crop production, the unit of estimated value calculation of exergy of power of exergy of optical radiation, a storage unit. The device comprises the unit of determining the level of efficiency of agro-technologies. At that the output of the unit of exergy of power calculation of optical radiation is connected to the first input of the unit of determining the level of efficiency-optimality of agro-technologies, the output of the storage unit is connected to the second input of the unit of determining the level of efficiency of agro-technologies, and the output of the unit of determining the level of efficiency of agro-technologies is connected with the operator agro or the input of the information system.
EFFECT: inventions enable to increase the productivity of plants by plant cultivation taking into account the environmental conditions of the land.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture and particularly to beekeeping. In the method, a developing liquid is applied onto a cucumber flower using a brush or by spraying and the number and location of dark spots formed where the legs of the insects touch the flower are determined. The developing liquid used is a solution which consists of 95% ethyl alcohol - 45 ml, acetone 10 ml, glycerol - 9 ml, 10% sodium lauryl sulphate - 1 ml, black shiny dye E151 - 0.01 g, distilled water - the balance, per 100 ml.
EFFECT: method enables to use less toxic solutions and increases their distinguishing capability.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture and fruit growing. The methods lie in use of amino acid based preparation for treatment of fruit and berry crops, which is used in the first version in the form of an aqueous solution of glycine at a concentration of 70-90 mg/l, and in the second embodiment of the method it is used in the form of an aqueous solution of alanine at a concentration of 80-100 mg/l. The treatment is carried out in the middle of September on the crown of green leaves of fruit tree and/or berry bush.
EFFECT: methods enable to improve the sustainability of fruit and berry crops to frost in winter period, to provide high productivity during fruit-bearing and safety of fruits and berries in the conditions of refrigerated storage, to enhance the abilities of the method implementation.
2 cl, 6 tbl, 6 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture and can be used in cultivation of medicinal plants for obtaining the drug raw materials. The method of harvesting the spiny eleuterococus leaves includes harvesting the spiny eleuterococus leaves in the period from the phase of beginning of mass fruit ripening prior to beginning of the autumn leaves colorisation. The leaves harvesting is carried out from the middle to late August, from bushes growing on well-lit areas up to 30-35% of the leaves biomass is cut which is located lower than one internode from the apical bud, and a part of the leafstalk is left.
EFFECT: use of this method enables to use rationally the medicinal plant species as a medicinal and nutritional active raw material.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. The method includes treatment of seeds and/or vegetative plants prior to sowing with a biologically active substance. The biologically active substance is a 0.00002 - 0.2% water solution of pectin, extracted from little duckweed Lemna minor L., or tench weed of floating Potamogeton natans L., or cowberry Comarum palustre L., or callus tissue of clammy campion Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke.
EFFECT: method makes it possible to increase germination and speed of seeds growth, growth of roots and germs, vegetative growth and crop capacity, to increase vitality of plants and to reduce times of vegetation.
5 tbl, 4 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of plant growing. The method includes even moistening of seeds prior to sowing with water or milk whey. Then rizotorfin is applied in a solution of activated water with pH of 4.2 produced by means of electrolysis. Seeds are treated in vacuum medium at the pressure of 650-680 mm of mercury column and continuous mixing.
EFFECT: method makes it possible to increase crop capacity and to improve nitrogen supply.
8 tbl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. The method includes pre-seeding treatment of seeds with the concentrate of biologically active substances obtained by water extraction of aspen wood. The effective amount of additive to seeds is 10 litres per 1 ton of concentrate of biologically active substances of aspen when seed treatment prior to sowing.
EFFECT: method enables to improve the seeds germinating ability due to suppressing the development of saprophytic microflora of fungi and bacteria, as well as disease resistance of sprouts.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. The method includes presowing seed treatment with a stimulant, which is carried out for 2 hours with an aqueous solution of tris (2,2-dichlorcyclopropylmethyl) thiophosphate with a concentration of the active ingredient of 0.001% at a dose of 1 litre per 1 kg of seeds.
EFFECT: method enables to improve the germination energy and germination capacity of seeds, as well as to accelerate the ripening of crops.
1 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mechanization of agriculture, namely to devices for even distribution and application to seeds of protective pretreating agents prepared in dry and liquid forms. The device comprises a screw mixer, a container for pesticides, a sprayer of pesticides. The screw mixer is designed in the form of a flexible screw mounted in the front-end loader bucket and connected to the drive shaft located in the bearings of the housing. The latter is attached with the possibility of mounting/dismounting to the side wall of the bucket. At the output end of the bucket the driven sprocket of the chain gear is put which is driven by the hydraulic motor mounted on the bracket of the rear wall of the bucket. To the opposite side of the bucket a casing is attached, from the side of which flange in the holes of the connecting element the sprayers of pesticides are mounted. The sprayers are located radially around the diameter of the casing and are connected by flexible pipes with a capacity for pesticides.
EFFECT: invention has enhanced functionality.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture and biotechnology. The agent includes salicylic acid and additionally contains buckwheat bioflavonoids and source of magnesium at the following components ratio, wt %: salicylic acid - 0.0001; buckwheat bioflavonoids - 0.0001; magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) or magnesium chloride (MgCl2·6H2O) - 0.0001; water - 99.9997.
EFFECT: agent enables to increase germination, yield and disease resistance.
7 tbl, 7 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The agent for treatment of soils or seeds includes at least one or more compounds represented by the common formula
where R1, R2: C1-C6 alkyl (may be substituted), aryl (may be substituted), heteroaryl (may be substituted), aralkyl (may be substituted); R3, R4: H, C1-C6 alkyl (may be substituted), halogen, C1-C6 alkoxy; X: halogen, C1-C6 alkyl (may be substituted), C2-C6 alkenyl (may be substituted), C2-C6 alkynyl (may be substituted), aryl (may be substituted), heteroaryl (may be substituted), C1-C6 alkoxy; Y: halogen, C1-C6 alkyl, C1-C6 alkoxy, OH; n: from 0 to 4; m: from 0 to 6, or their salt as the active ingredient.
EFFECT: invention will make it possible to increase agent activity.
11 cl, 3 tbl, 8 ex
FIELD: bioengineering and agriculture.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to bioengineering and agriculture. The technical result of the invention is improvement of the immunity in relation to root rots caused by the fungi Fusarium oxsysporum, and productivity of the peas. The means to improve the immunity and productivity of the peas consists in applying of metal salts on the seeds. As metal salts, magnesium salts (MgSO4 or MgCl4) are used with the concentration of 0.0001 %. The seeds are treated prior to cropping for 2 hours with it.
EFFECT: improvement of the immunity in relation to root rots caused by the fungi Fusarium oxsysporum and productivity of the peas.
1 dwg, 9 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: method relates to agriculture, namely, to protection of crops. The method is implemented by obtaining a salt extract of biologically active substances extracted from a biomass of soil oligochaetes Nicodrilus caliginosus after their treatment with potassium chloride in crystalline form, and pre-sowing treatment of seeds or spraying plants during the growing season with optimum dose of the extract of biologically active substances in a proportion of 1:30 parts of the biomaterial.
EFFECT: method enables to reduce the dosages of biologically active substances and to increase crop yields.
3 tbl, 4 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural machinery, in particular for machines for protection of plants against diseases and pests. The system contains a reservoir with sections for working fluid and openings in them for filling in with treater, input and output connections for water supply and working fluid with a system of cranes. The reservoir contains a main and a removable inner elastic sections. The main section is made in the form of a removable multi-section neck - a hollow cylinder, which outer and inner walls in the base are connected to the outer and inner side walls of the lower base of inverted outside truncated cone and the upper base of inner truncated cone located in it, having their common base, which is connected with removable inner elastic section through the shell. The compartments located in the cavity between the walls of the neck and mutually reversed cones are equipped with valves alternately placed on the side wall of the outer and inner cones for connection with the open valves of even compartments with the main section, and of odd compartments - with internal elastic section of the reservoir. Each valve is equipped with a spring mechanism which is connected by means of a lever, flexible rod and reels with a handle of lock of the valves in their closed and open positions.
EFFECT: invention enables to prepare a working fluid for treater.
SUBSTANCE: method of increasing selenium in garlic of mountain area includes soaking of cloves in mineral water and clay. For soaking cloves the clay dialbeculite is used which soaked in Zakinsk mineral water in a ratio of 2:1 for 2-3 hours. After that the garlic cloves are enveloped with the resulting mixture and mulched after planting with the layer of 3-5 cm. Annual clover is planted between the rows.
EFFECT: development of the method of increasing selenium in garlic of mountain area.