Tongue and groove joint
SUBSTANCE: tongue and groove joint comprises a tongue and groove ledge with a comb and a tongue and groove grip with a race and a mouth made of rolled sections. The mouth of the tongue and groove grip follows the shape of the comb of the tongue and groove ledge and covers it with the possibility of partial rotation. The tongue and groove grip is made as welded from two rolled sections. Each grip section has a cross section in the form of a hook and comprises a C-shaped section and a rectilinear section coupled with its one edge. At the same time grip sections are facing each other with concave sides of C-shaped areas to form a race for a comb of the tongue and groove ledge. The grip profiles are welded to each other by rectilinear sections or via an intermediate connection element to form a gap between free edges of the C-shaped areas.
EFFECT: simplified technology of grip manufacturing with provision of high strength of a proposed tongue and groove joint.
5 cl, 5 dwg
The invention relates to spotovi connections and can be used in hydraulic engineering to connect the piles during the construction of sea and river berths, as well as in civil and industrial construction.
Known sheet pile compound containing T-shaped sheet tabs and sheet grippers (sheet locks)made of angular profiles with the formation of the box-shaped profile in cross-section, in the internal cavity of each of the box-shaped profiles installed the rib welded thereto lateral edges (RU # 2081238, 1997).
The disadvantage sportowego connection is insufficient strength sportowego grip, made of angular profile, as well as a large number of welded joints.
Known sheet pile connection used in spotboy the wall of the tubular piles containing sheet grippers (sheet locks) and sheet tabs, made of rolling elements shaped cross-section, provided with a support section welded (fifth). In the specified well-known connection every sportowy ledge made with a comb round or oval cross-section, and each sportowy capture cross-section is made in the form of a cage with a mouth in the shape of comb sportowego ledge and covering it partially on the relative rotation and longitudinal movement (utility model RU # 106264, 2011, prototype)
The specified well-known sheet pile connection is much stronger than the previous, however, to manufacture rolling shaped profile cross section, which is made from sheet grippers in a known technical solution is complex and expensive imported equipment, which significantly increases the price of such sportowego connection.
The technical task of the present invention is to provide sportowego connections that do not have the disadvantages of the known sheet of compounds from the prior art, i.e. technological and budget.
The technical result is the possibility of production of rolling elements that are grips offer sportowego connection on standard national rental equipment, ensuring high strength of the connection.
The problem is solved due to the fact that in spontoon the connection involving made of rolled profiles sportowy ledge with a crest and sportowy capture containing the reference section welded and the clip from the mouth, the shape of the ridge sportowego ledge and covering it with a possibility of longitudinal movement of partial rotation, according to the invention sportowy grip is made of two rolling sections, each of which in cross section has the form of cu is ka, formed C-shaped section and paired with one of its edges with a straightforward plot, the said hooks facing concave sides of the C-shaped sections to each other with the formation of the cage for a comb sportowego lip and welded rectangular sections with each other directly or through an intermediate coupling element to provide a gap between the free edges of the C-shaped sections hooks.
Comb sportowego protrusion may be made round or oval in cross section and conforms to the shape of the mouth of the cage formed by the C-shaped sections of the profiles capture sportowego compounds according to the invention.
In spontoon connection according to the invention, the intermediate coupling element may be made rectangular in cross section.
It is also possible the performance sportowego compounds of the present invention, when in the capture of the intermediate connecting element is designed as a rolling profile of the T-shaped in cross-section, the cross-shelf which serves as the fifth weld.
Possible variant of the proposed sportowego connection, in which the mentioned straight line segment of the cross-section of one of the rolling grip is made greater than the length of ramalina the initial plot of the cross-section of another rolling profile and is used for welding to the construction product, i.e. to the pile.
In yet another embodiment, sportowego compounds of the present invention a straight line segment of each rolling profile sportowego capture can be performed partially unbent outward toward the convex side of the hook, i.e. outward relative to the axis of symmetry of the grip to increase bearing surface, increasing the stability of the grip on the pile and welding facilities.
In spontoon connection according to the invention, the capture is not an integer, i.e., not in a single piece, as in the prototype, and welded of the two rolled sections, has several advantages.
First of all, the proposed form of rolled profiles in the form of hooks with a plot of C-shaped cross-section, smoothly paired with almost rectilinear site, it is practically feasible to fabricate these profiles on the ordinary domestic rolling mills, which of course reduces their cost compared to the prototype. Plots of the cross-section of each of the welded rolled sections made smoothly mated, without sharp corners, making possible the emergence of stress concentrations that could result in reduced strength. On the strength of the takeover offer sportowego connection is not inferior to the prototype, but much cheaper, even taking into account the welding operation.
In the manufacture of the grip facing the mirror each other profiles are superimposed by straight sections and welded overlap directly between themselves or by welding from both sides to the intermediate connecting element. This guaranteed a gap necessary to ensure connection of the grip with tongue-and-groove ledge. This clearance may be increased due to the thickness specified intermediate coupling element, namely the part which is adjacent straight sections of welded rolled profiles.
If the proposed sportowego connection, when the welding of rolled sections made through an intermediate connecting element, it becomes possible before welding of profiles to each other due to selection of the wall thickness of the intermediate connecting element set between the free edges of the C-shaped sections, the gap of such size as is necessary to ensure the required degree of tightness of the connection in accordance with the properties of the soil. The smaller this gap, the denser adjacent the mouth of the clip to the flange, the denser and hermetic sheet pile connection that is set during construction on sandy and poor soils. During the construction of the hard and rocky ground clearance can be increased to is oblegcheniya institutions in the castle, what becomes possible when an intermediate coupling element. It should also be noted that due to the intermediate coupling element can be compensated error of welding.
In the case of performing the intermediate coupling element in the form of roll profile with T-shaped cross-section, relatively vertical portion of this profile is strictly for placing the above-mentioned gap, it abut and are welded straight lengths hook profiles, and perpendicular to this segment, part cross-sectional T-shaped connecting element plays the role of the toe of the weld. The presence of heel increases the bearing surface and the sustainability of capture, facilitates the mounting of the attachment on the pile and welding.
In spontoon the grip according to the invention, the free ends of straight portions profiles welded together (hooks) represent the reference section for welding to capture the joined building construction, mainly, to the piles tubular section.
The straight sections of the cross-section of the rolled sections, i.e. hooks, can be made shorter to provide greater rigidity and strength of the connection, or may be elongated to less durable and less bulky option Stroitel the th design.
In the embodiment, when a straight line segment of one of the hooks grip is made longer than the length of the straight section of the other of the hook, the strength of the grip is slightly lower, but its intensity is less. Such capture is applicable to less-loaded structures.
Run straight portions of the rolled sections partially bent outward relative to the axis of symmetry of capture, i.e. in the direction of the convex part of the C-shaped sections, as shown in figure 5, increases bearing surface capture, provides him with greater stability on the pile, increases the ease of welding.
The invention is illustrated by drawings, which depict:
figure 1 - sheet pile connection Assembly, the cross section;
figure 2 - the same, with short straight sections of both
figure 3 - the same, with a short straight section of one of the rolling grip;
figure 4 - the same, with an intermediate connecting element is T-shaped cross-section;
figure 5 - the same, with convex ends of the straight portions of the profile.
Below are examples of specific implementation of the present invention, in which identical elements are denoted by the same positions.
Sheet pile connection according to the present invention includes sportowy istop 1 comb 2 and sportowy capture 3, made of two rolling sections 4 and 5, each of which has a cross section generally in the shape of a hook. In the cross section of the rolling profile 4 consists of a C-shaped section 6 and smoothly mated with one edge of the straight part 7, and rolling profile 5 consists of a C-shaped section 8 and paired with one edge of the straight part 9 (figure 1 and figure 2).
The free ends 10 and 11 of straight portions 7 and 9 are cross-sectional profiles 4, 5 (hooks) made rounded at a radius R in accordance with the technology of the car. The ends 10 and 11 of straight portions 7 and 9 are welded between the hooks 4, 5 form the reference area used for welding capture to one of the connected products, in this case to the pile.
Shown in figure 2 embodiment, the capture straight sections 7 and 9 of the profiles 4 and 5 are the minimum necessary from the standpoint of ease of welding the length of the straight part of the cross section.
In the manufacture sportowego capture according to the invention, install two rolled sections 4 and 5 mirror concave sides toward each other, when this is brought into contact them straight sections and weld between a lap. This C-shaped sections 6 and 8 form the ferrule 12 with the mouth And for a crest 2 sportowego ledge 1,and between the free edges of the C-shaped sections 6 and 8 of the hooks 4 and 5, a gap B. The gap B can be increased by installing an intermediate connecting element with a rectangular cross-section (not shown), or the intermediate connecting element 13, shown in figure 4, with a T-shaped cross-section.
Portion of the grip, limited areas 6 and 8, is a clip capture, the inner cavity of which, the so-called mouth And capture repeats the shape of the crest 2 sportowego hanging 1 with a slight gap, providing the possibility of partial rotation and longitudinal movement in the United lock grip 3 and the protrusion 1. Due to the form of the C-shaped sections mouth And can be practically round, or elongated, i.e. an oval cross-section depending on the cross-sectional shape of the ridge 2.
In the embodiment of the invention, depicted in figure 4, the hooks are welded to each other through an intermediate connecting element 13 made of T-shaped in cross section and consisting of mutually perpendicular sections: section 15, to which is welded profiles 4, 5, i.e. the wall of the letters T and section 16, i.e. the cross-shelf letter T in the role of a heel welded capture 3 to the pile.
In the embodiment depicted in figure 5, the profiles 4, 5 are bent parts 17 and 18 of the straight portions 7, 9. So their ends 10, 11 and, therefore, svarny the seams, which grip is welded to the pile, separated by some distance along the width. Capture in this version more stable in comparison with the embodiment shown in figure 1.
As mentioned above, the advantages of the proposed sportowego connection is its adaptability and significantly lower price compared to the prototype at a comparable strength. Also a big advantage is the ability to expose the gap in the capture of any size you want depending on the geological conditions of the specific construction of the object with greater or lesser integrity of the structure.
Disclosed in the present application, various types of sheet grippers connections are unified, as they can be made of two types of rolled profiles: profiles with elongated rectilinear plot cross-sections and profiles shortened, i.e. with the minimum required technologically length of straight part of the cross section.
1. Sheet pile connection involving made of rolled profiles sportowy ledge with a crest and sportowy capture containing the clip from the mouth, the shape of the ridge sportowego ledge and covering it with a partial rotation, characterized in that sportowy grip is made of two car who's profile each of which in cross section has the shape of a hook, consisting of a C-shaped section and is paired with one edge straight section, with specified profiles facing concave sides of the C-shaped sections to each other with the formation of the cage for a comb sportowego lip and welded between a rectilinear plots directly or through an intermediate coupling element with the formation of a gap between the free edges of the C-shaped sections.
2. Sheet pile connection according to claim 1, characterized in that the comb sportowego ledge made round or oval in cross section.
3. Sheet pile connection according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the intermediate connecting element is designed as a rolling profile of the T-shaped in cross-section, an employee fifth weld.
4. Sheet pile connection according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the said straight line segment of the cross-section of one of the rolling grip is made greater than the length of a straight line segment of the cross-section of another rolling profile.
5. Sheet pile connection according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that a straight line segment of each of the mentioned rolling profile partially unbent outward from the axis of symmetry of the grip-side convex part of the profile.
SUBSTANCE: sheet pile wall comprises a body in the form of cylindrical segments with guides and connecting elements. Guides are arranged on edges of the body at its inner side, and the connecting element is a pipe of small diameter with a longitudinal slot having width equal to the sum of doubled thickness of body walls and distance between adjacent bodies, and wells are filled with a working fluid in the form of a drilling mud (sludge) with expanding and/or hardening additives.
EFFECT: higher antifiltration reliability, reduced material intensity and labour intensiveness.
FIELD: instrument making.
SUBSTANCE: tongue and groove connection comprises a tongue and groove ledge and a tongue and groove grip made of rolled profiles. The tongue and groove grip is made as welded from two rolled profiles, every of which has a cross section in the form of a letter F, in which the lower transverse shelf is longer than the upper transverse shelf and is rounded along the radius. The specified rolled profiles face each other in a mirrorlike manner with shelves and are welded with lower shelves in a butt joint with provision of a preset gap between upper shelves, and such gap is adjusted depending on soil properties by means of rotation of the specified profiles relative to the line of welded shelves jointing.
EFFECT: higher manufacturability of profiles making, reduced material intensity, higher strength of tongue and groove connection grip, provision of connection tightness.
SUBSTANCE: lock for joining interlocking elements comprises two round rods. Previously round rods are one by one rigidly fixed on outer side surfaces of ends of neighbouring interlocking elements. The end of the first interlocking element is arranged as a whole with a limiter of displacement of the second interlocking element end. The limiter and the round rod of the first interlocking element is arranged on one surface. Into a gap between the limiter and the end of the first interlocking element on top there is the end of the second interlocking element with a round rod, at the same time both round rods are arranged one behind the other to form a connection of interlocking elements along the line of their arrangement.
EFFECT: simplified design of a lock, lower labour intensiveness to make an interlocking joint, reduced warpage during its making, minimising jamming when erecting a piling wall.
SUBSTANCE: lock for joining interlocking elements comprises two unequal-sided angles, smaller shelves of which face each other to form a gap between them, and large shelves are rigidly fixed on the first interlocking element, a T-shaped element, which is rigidly fixed on the second interlocking element and is inserted on top into the cavity and gap between unequal-sided angles. The T-shaped element and the unequal-sided angles are arranged in the form of hot-deformed steel bulb iron bars, and angles are welded to the surface of the first interlocking element at identical sharp angles.
EFFECT: simplified design, reduced material intensity and labour intensiveness of its manufacturing, lock universality.
SUBSTANCE: lock for joining piling elements comprises two square rods. Previously square rods are rigidly fixed one by one on external side surfaces of the ends of neighbouring piling elements, and the end of the first piling element is arranged as a whole with a limiter of displacement of the end of the second piling element. The limiter and the square rod of the first piling element are arranged on one surface. In the gap between the limiter and the end of the first piling element on top there is the end of the second piling element with a square rod inserted, at the same time both square rods are arranged next to each other to form a joint of piling elements along the line of their arrangement.
EFFECT: simplified design of a lock, reduced labour intensiveness of piling joint making, reduced warpage during manufacturing, reducing the probability of jamming to the minimum when erecting a piling wall.
SUBSTANCE: lock for joining piling elements comprises two unequal-sided angles, the smaller shelves of which face each other with formation of a gap between them, and larger shelves are rigidly fixed on the first piling element, a T-shaped element, which is rigidly fixed on the second piling element and is inserted into the cavity at the top, and a gap between unequal-sided angles. Angles are welded to side surfaces of the end of the first piling element at identical sharp angles.
EFFECT: simplified design of a lock, reduced metal intensity and labour intensiveness of its manufacturing, provision of reliable fixation of piling elements.
SUBSTANCE: sheet pile cutoff comprises two identical elements in the form of angular unequal shapes fixed on neighbouring sheet piles or panels in parallel to the longitudinal axis of the sheet pile or panel, at the same time the angular unequal shape is welded to the longitudinal surface of the sheet pile or panel at the sharp angle with an inclination towards the edge of the free shelf. The angular unequal shape is welded to the longitudinal surface of the sheet pile or panel with an edge of the largest shelf at the sharp angle with an inclination to the edge of the free shelf, at the same time the dimension is maintained between the inner surface at the top of the angle of the angular unequal shape and the surface of the sheet pile or panel equal to the width of the smaller shelf of the angular unequal shape with addition of a minimum gap for mutual insertion of the angular unequal shapes in the sheet pile cutoff.
EFFECT: invention provides for tight and strong connection of a sheet wall of a rectilinear or any other curvilinear configuration.
3 cl, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: technical solution relates to the field of erecting structures with application of metal groove, and more specifically - to design of locks used to join tongue-and-groove elements. In lock for connection of tongue-and-groove elements, including race and connecting cam brought into cavity of race, race is arranged from metal thick-walled pipe with longitudinal slot along generatrix, where strip is entered, which bears cam made of square or rectangular solid or hollow rolled section with provision of cam adjacency to inner wall of metal thick-walled pipe, at least with two faces, at the same time according metal strips are welded both to cam and race along longitudinal axis for the whole length of lock, besides ratio of strip b thickness to width of slot B is within the range from 0.65 to 0.9, and ratio of size of cam A side perpendicular to axis of welded strip, to width of slot B is in within the range from 1.7 to 2.6. At the same time in cross section it has angular shape formed by strip bent at the angle α, equal to 60-180 degrees along radius, which is not less than strip thickness.
EFFECT: increased strength, bearing capacity and reliability of lock, and also increased manufacturability in production together with reduction of its cost.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to interlocking walls used in hydrotechnical construction and bank protection. Interlocking wall is made of interlocking piles connected to each other in lock. Each lock includes side walls and back wall, which is rigidly fixed to internal surfaces of lock side walls with creation of cavity, in which interlocking tongue of adjacent pile is installed. Mentioned cavity of each lock is equipped with metal sealing element that extends longitudinally relative to pile axis. Sealing element is rigidly fixed to back wall of interlocking lock with the possibility of partial closure of mentioned cavity and at least partial reduction of gap between back wall of interlocking lock and interlocking tongue of adjacent pile.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase quality of interlocking wall assembly and also its soil impermeability.
3 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to transport, industrial - civil construction and may be employed in hydro - technical structures of various purposes. Protective wall of grooved panels includes assembly elements of a wave -like in the plan profile, each whereof has shelves arranged on opposite sides of longitudinal axis of the wall and parallel to this axis offset against each other and connected between each other by tilted walls set at an obtuse angle to the shelves. Joint elements are performed on the spare ends of the shelves forming interlocks. Assembly elements are made cold - bent, obtuse angle of walls tilted to the shelves is made with R radius of bending not less than 20mm. Through cut metal pipe is welded on the spare end of one of the shelves arranged on different sides of the assembly element, and a steel profile element is welded on the spare end of the other shelf connecting with each other forming grooved joint. Reinforcing - ground construction is formed in the behind the wall part presenting alternating layers of compressed draining ground in the iron ring of the reinforcing composite material, foundation whereof lies on prepared leveling layer of gravel - pebble soil, and front edges of module sections are deepened into natural foundation down to the design mark.
EFFECT: decreased metal consumption of grooved walls and their increased specific bearing capacity, cost - efficiency, versatility, reliability, durability, meeting requirements of environmental protection.
3 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: piling wall comprises sheet piles representing cylindrical segments cut from pipes. A male and a female lock elements are installed at end sections of piles facing one side with their convex side and capable of interaction with their end sections. The female element of the lock is made as a polyhedral or a curvilinear unlocked open profile and is installed to cover end sections of adjacent piles and to form at least one through unlocked slot formed between the inner surface of the female element and the surface of piles.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase strength and rigidity of the piling wall and to reduce labour intensiveness of its manufacturing and assembly.
19 cl, 23 dwg
SUBSTANCE: piling wall comprises tubular piles with longitudinal locks between piles. The longitudinal lock is made in the form of joined pairs of cut sectors of pipes to form an x-shaped profile with the possibility of interaction between external surfaces of piles and sectors, at the same time the distance between piles L is determined on the basis of the ratio.
EFFECT: reduced labour intensiveness of manufacturing and assembly of a tubular piling wall, higher accuracy of assembly, stiffness and strength of the structure.
9 cl, 17 dwg
FIELD: construction, particularly sheet piles or sheet pile bulkheads used as sheet-pile enclosure members.
SUBSTANCE: sheet pile comprises body with side edges and locking members connected to the side edges. Each locking member is made as male or female part. The body comprises at least two main thin-walled round sector shells connected with each other by side edges. Each thin-walled round sector shell has central angle not exceeding 180°. The body has at least one additional supplementary round sector thin-walled shell having central angle of not more than 180°. Main and additional round sector shells have the same or different dimensions (outer radius, thickness, central angle) and are connected one to another so that chords of adjacent main round sector shells define 30-180° angles. Supplementary round sector shells are located over spans of convex parts defined in main round sector shells to create the second layer of round sector shells. Both locking members to be secured to the body are made as male or female parts.
EFFECT: simplified structure, decreased labor inputs for pile creation and reduced metal consumption along with keeping of load-bearing ability and decreased production costs.
6 cl, 23 cl, 2 tbl
FIELD: construction, particularly sheet piles or sheet pile bulkheads used as sheet-pile enclosure members.
SUBSTANCE: sheet pile comprises body with side edges and locking members connected to the side edges. Each locking member is made as male or female part. The body comprises main thin-walled round sector shell having central angle not exceeding 180° and additional supplementary round sector thin-walled shell having central angle of not more than 180°. Main and additional round sector shells have the same or different dimensions (outer radius, thickness, central angle) and are connected one to another by means of locking members to create symmetric or asymmetric closed outline. The body has at least one longitudinal stiffening rib arranged within the closed outline and distributed along length thereof. Both locking members to be secured to the body are made as male or female parts.
EFFECT: simplified structure, decreased labor inputs for pile creation and reduced metal consumption along with possibility to keep load-bearing ability and decreased production costs.
3 cl, 14 dwg, 2 tbl
SUBSTANCE: hydraulic engineering boom comprises vertical supports fixed in the bottom soil and made of pipes of larger diameter, and a horizontal wave-breaking element connected to them. Vertical supports are arranged at two sides of the horizontal wave-breaking element and are connected to each other. Inner cavities of the vertical supports are filled with lean concrete. The horizontal wave-breaking element is made of a reinforced concrete pipe of larger diameter, ends of which have concrete plugs with a fastening steel bracket. Vertical supports are connected with the horizontal wave-breaking element by steel chains.
EFFECT: increased extent of wave breaking and extended service life of a structure.