SUBSTANCE: high seedbed comprises the trough with the ground, the arcs for fixing coating of transparent plastic, for example polyethylene. The trough is made dismountable from a solid plastic material such as polypropylene or glass fiber, and comprises two end and intermediate modules. The modules are interconnected with the locks. The trough assembled from modules is placed on supports having the ability of changing the height.
EFFECT: reduced labour intensity of building the seedbed, increased convenience of its use.
3 cl, 1 dwg
The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to a device for the cultivation of flowers, vegetables and rice in pots, boxes, greenhouses or hothouses on the plot and can be used for harvesting vegetables, edible herbs, ornamental plants and the conditions for the middle and Northern latitudes.
Known beds for growing vegetables and edible herbs, which are widely used in Russia and abroad.
High ridge dramatically improve heating of the soil in which the root system of plants. If a conventional seedbeds, for example, at the end of April is still in full effect residual cold of the frozen lands, on high ground so the month is almost as blown warm spring air. This allows you to start the gardening season for 2-3 weeks earlier than the normal level of the ground.
High ridge is a rare construction in suburban areas. Because it requires some labor and material costs, and many vacationers do not venture to build a high ridge without being sure that they would pay for themselves.
Crops with high beds exceeds the harvest with the usual 2-3 times due to a high "turnover" of the earth, and a considerable increase in the intensity of cultivation. The ability to get the radish in April, salad 3 weeks earlier, green onions almost immediately after snow - is with what Imola to build at least one high bed.
For the construction of a high ridge boards use solid wood (such as larch or fir), screws, fine metal mesh, durable polyethylene film, as well as materials for filling - cut and chopped wood branches, sod, politely compost and other
On the floor under the bed site, dig a hole the depth of 30-40 cm and set it cooked a box, the walls of which are lined with a film. On the wall of the box are fixed arc, on which place a transparent plastic film.
On the bottom is placed a fine mesh (it protects the bed from pests), and then layers prepared materials for filling of chopped branches and wood waste, newspaper and cardboard, sawdust and wood chips, fresh garden waste (residues green plant), rotten autumn leaves, taken from the compost heap. Stacked on top of prepararsi compost and garden soil, mixed with finished compost.
Annually high patch update, removing the top layer and replacing it with a mixture of garden soil with compost. (J. "Garden vegetable Garden Flower garden" No. 3/23 from 01 March 2010).
The disadvantages of the known high beds are low yield, high dependence on weather conditions, a significant complexity in the construction of the garden, difficulties with the seasonal movement of the patch.
The purpose of izobreteny is - to increase productivity, to improve the convenience of operation of the facility, to ensure the quality of its design, to reduce the complexity of construction of the device.
The aim is achieved in that a high patch contains a trough with the ground, the arc for fastening a cover of transparent plastic, for example polyethylene, and the trough is made of a collapsible from a rigid plastic material such as polypropylene or fiberglass, and contains two end module and the intermediate modules, and between modules are connected by locks; assembled from modules trough placed on stands, with the possibility of changing the height; a high patch contains plastic thermocouple placed in the ground and connected through thermostat with temperature sensor and the power source; a high patch contains a perforated pipe suspended on arcs for fastening the cover; a pipe connected with the water tank, inlet pipe contains a valve associated with the control soil moisture associated with the soil moisture sensor.
Figure 1 shows the General view of the device.
High patch contains a trough (1) with the ground, arc (2) for fastening a cover of transparent plastic, for example polyethylene, and the trough (1) is made of a collapsible from a rigid plastic material such as polypropylene or fiberglass, esoteric two end module (3) and intermediate modules (4); between the modules are connected by locks (5); assembled from modules trough is placed on the supports (6), with the possibility of changing the height; a high patch contains plastic thermocouple (7)placed in the ground and connected through thermostat (8) with temperature sensor (9) with a power source (10); a high patch contains a perforated pipe (11), suspended on arches (2) for fastening the cover; perforated coarse (11) through a hose (12) is connected with a pump (13)is placed in a water tank (14); a pump (13) is connected with the relay,(15) which in turn is connected with the control soil moisture (16)associated with the soil moisture sensor (17).
The operation of the device.
First of all it is necessary to choose a place for high beds. It should be well-lit by the sun, especially in the first half of the day. Preferably with the sunrise. Yet it must be protected from the wind, not to stand in a draught. All this will accelerate the warming of the beds in the spring. And, therefore, the early harvest. The orientation of the ridge, generally from East to West, perhaps with a slight deviation.
Collect trough (1) of the two end modules (3) and intermediate modules (4), connecting them to each other locks (5); assembled from modules trough (1) is placed on the supports (6), having the ability to change height; choosing a height convenient for the of processing of the soil; fill the trough (1) soil, while putting plastic thermocouple (7) in the ground and connected through thermostat (8) with temperature sensor (9) with a power source (10). The trough (1) fixed arc (2), perforated pipe (11)through a hose (12) associated with the pump (13)is placed in a water tank (14). The soil was placed a soil moisture sensor (17)associated with the control soil moisture (16), which in turn is connected with the relay (15). Hoe, carry out the planting, cover the patch. The temperature sensor soil (9) at low soil temperature signals to the controller (8), which provides for the inclusion in the circuit of thermocouple (7). When the soil predetermined temperature, further heating the tape stops. At low soil moisture signal from the soil moisture sensor (17) is fed to the control soil moisture (16), which through a relay (15) includes a pump (13)is placed in a water tank (14); from the water through the hose (12) enters the perforated tube (11). The irrigation of the soil, saturating it with water to the specified value.
1. High patch containing trough with the ground, the arc for fastening a cover of transparent plastic, for example polyethylene, characterized in that the trough is made of a collapsible from a rigid plastic material such as polypropylene or cavalary, and contains two end module and the intermediate modules, and between modules are connected by locks; assembled from modules trough placed on stands, with the possibility of changing the height.
2. High patch according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains plastic thermocouple placed in the ground and connected through thermostat with the temperature sensor and the power source.
3. High patch according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains a perforated pipe suspended on arches for fastening the cover; a pipe through a hose connected with the pump placed in the water tank; a pump connected to the relay which, in turn, is connected with the control soil moisture associated with the soil moisture sensor.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture, in particular, to crop production. The method includes maintaining a continuous light and daily exposure on tomato seedlings of variable temperatures of +26°C and +10°C. At that the tomato seedlings, starting from the phase of the first true leaf, are subjected to daily exposure of temperature of +26°C for 21-22 hours and a temperature of +10°C for 2-3 hours during 16 days.
EFFECT: method enables to enhance the quality of tomato seedlings due to increasing biomass, the utilisation efficiency of light energy and acceleration of development of plants, and to reduce the energy consumption for cooling the facilities for growing seedlings.
1 dwg, 2 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a system of plant cultivation, in particular, to a system of cultivation a number of plants in any weather conditions, regardless of environmental conditions or location, and to increase significantly the yield per unit area, and it comprises the system of movement along a closed circuit which comprises a number of shafts. The shafts are mounted on the frame sections. The frame is mounted in the premises for plant cultivation. The system comprises a number of sprockets that are mounted on the shafts, the left and right chains, the reduction motor. The motor is mounted on each shaft and is connected to this shaft. The system comprises a number of elements for pots for plant cultivation, comprising a container and hook-shaped plates. The plates are attached to the left and right ends of the upper surface of the container for axial mounting and connecting by suspending the left and right hook-shaped axes, as well as for displacement and movement along the closed loop in the interior space of the premises by suspending with the ability to rotate between the left and right chains with use of the left and right hook-shaped axes and hook-shaped plates. The system comprises a device for supplying nutrient liquid to a number of elements for the pots, and a blower. The blower is mounted in the premises for supply of filtered fresh air into the premises or for internal air circulation.
EFFECT: invention provides a simple and easy performance of work with a reduction of time and labor costs due to simple design of the system.
23 cl, 40 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. In the method the seeds or root stalks of Hindu lotus are planted in containers at least ј filled with soil consisting of manure or well-digested plant mulch, peat-moss, sand and clay in equal proportions. After planting the plants are poured with shallow and transparent water, which level after the appearance of standing leaves is increased to 50 cm. After the appearance of new leaves from March to October in 3-4 steps the 3% water soluble magnesium oxide is applied in an amount of 5 g/l, in blooming period every 7-10 days the fast-acting phosphate fertilisers are applied. During the stage of ripening and growth of root stalks every 20 days N20P10K20 is applied at the rate of 120-150 grams per 500 litre container, the temperature regime is provided not lower than 20°C at planting seed material - seeds, root stalks, not lower than 25°C in vegetation and flowering, and not lower than 15°C in the last month before the root stalks harvesting. To reduce the disease incidence of red spider and to prevent deformation of young leaves spraying with water is carried out several times a day.
EFFECT: method enables to increase productivity and to provide quality control of the obtained product.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. In the method the cuttings of Japanese camelia of annual growth consisting of five healthy buds and whole leaves 5-8 cm long are propagated. Then the cuttings are treated with an aqueous solution of physiologically active substances containing in one liter of working solution of 10 mg indolyl-3-butyric acid, 1 mg kinetic, 0.5 mg gibberellin A3, 5 mg of ascorbic acid and thiamine chloride. Exposure of treatment is 1 hour, with humidity of 70% -80%, temperature +22°-25°, and the technological sequence of propagation by herbaceous cuttings enables to receive up to 60% of the yield of vegetatively propagated own-root plants.
EFFECT: method enables to propagate, produce, store and obtain genetically homogeneous high quality plants.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of plant cultivation. The method includes filling the open latticed shell, made of durable waterproof fibers, with filler comprising sawdust mixed with perlite and plant seeds. After filling the shell is bound, and the closed latticed shell is obtained with filler in the form of a blank, having the properties of flexibility and plastic deformation. Further, it is deformed from all its sides and by crumpling it and sculpting three-dimensional shape of moulding; it is attached from the outside with cotton threads, which are located on its perimetre to give rigidity to the blank, allowing to keep the obtained shape. Then the blank is dried in a drying chamber for 40-60 hours at the temperature of 40-50°C and air humidity of 40-60% to give it a potential rigidity and dryness, eliminating crushing of the blank during its transportation to the place of plant growth. Then the obtained blank is periodically dipped in water or a nutrient solution based on water, kept in water until sawdust is fully saturated with water, expose to sunlight and kept in the light. The above operations are carried out until germination through the cells of the latticed shell of the plant sprouts and their appearance on the outer surface of the shell, and then they are stopped dipping into the water, and the water is supplied on the latticed shell by its irrigation.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of plant growth and ensuring environmental cleanliness in its cultivation.
3 cl, 19 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. The method includes application of sewage sludge into the soil and processing the plants with biostimulant, as which the organosilicone immunostimulant adaptogen Mival-Agro is used at a concentration of 0.05%. Peeled and notched gladiolus bulbil with a diameter of 4-7 mm is placed in a solution of Mival Agro and is kept in a warm place up to 12 hours, after which the imbibed bulbil is powdered with ash of buckwheat husk and planted in the soil. In addition, ash of buckwheat husk of 100 g/m2 is applied into the soil, and sewage sludge is applied at a dose of 12 kg/m2.
EFFECT: method enables to improve the commercial properties and to obtain healthy planting material of gladiolus.
2 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions concerns crop sector. The method including preparation of green cuttings. At the same time a freshly cut green cutting is taken with two pairs of leaves and is placed into an individual vegetation container with a soil substrate and the possibility to create conditions of a "moist chamber" by means of insulation of a separate each green cutting. Moisture of the soil substrate makes 75-80%, the average air temperature - 20-23°C, the relative moisture of air 65-70%, and timing of seedlings production makes 24-25 days. Seedlings are planted together with the lower reservoir of the vegetation container. The container comprises a lower reservoir in the form of a sleeve, an upper reservoir in the form of a sleeve, which is arranged as capable of entering into the first reservoir up to the simultaneous contact, forming a line of contact of the second reservoir with the surface of the soil substrate and the inner surface of the first reservoir. At the same time the contact increases as diametres of the first and second reservoirs match at the level of 4/5 of the first reservoir height. The bottom of the first reservoir is equipped with holes. A rooted green cutting is planed into the soil substrate. The lower reservoir of the container is made of a dissolving material of vegetable origin, which is decomposed in soil by soil microorganisms. At the same time the diametre of the lower reservoir bottom is selected as 1.5 times more than the maximum size of the root system of the green cutting when planted.
EFFECT: inventions make it possible to increase reliability of stevia seedlings production and provide for a high level of establishment.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device contains separate sections disconnectable to each other. The sections are equipped with holes with the possibility of planting and watering. The device is additionally provided with a base at the bottom of which at least two bulges-feet of trays with a funnel and an axial rod, are symmetrically located. The sections are made in the form of cassettes. The surface area of the base is larger than cassettes connected with the latter of 10 - 30 cm for providing stability. In the center of the base the threaded hole is located for installation of the axial rod and a round groove for connecting with an axial rod with thread. The thread is located at the bottom of the axial rod and a washer jumper to support the tray. At its top the axial rod has an open upper threaded hole for connection of the next axial rod. In the center of the cassette there is a hollow tubular hole which diameter is 0.5-0.7 mm larger than outer diameter of the axial rod for connection of the axial rod with a cassette. In the wall of the cassette there are at least two symmetrically located through holes for planting. The tray is made in the form in accordance with the cassette with projecting, rigidly mounted plates with the possibility of simultaneous execution of the cassette lid and a tray for loading water and solutions. Inside the tray the distribution plates are installed, one of which is installed in front of the funnel for equable distribution of water or solutions into the holes; and the latter are made with the possibility of location over the roots of plants for a uniform spreading of water directly to roots. On the inside working plane of the tray in the central part a hollow tubular hole is made which diameter is 0.5-0.7 mm larger than the outer diameter of the axial rod for connection to the next axial rod.
EFFECT: design has compactness, ease of maintenance and manufacturing.
2 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the field of plant industry and landscape design. The mixture contains liquid glass and filler. As a filler it contains sawdust crushed to particles of size of 2-5 mm and additionally - nitrogen and/or phosphate and/or potassium-based fertiliser in the following ratio, wt %: liquid glass 5-10; sawdust 85-94; mineral fertiliser 1-5. In the method liquid glass is mixed with mineral fertiliser, sawdust is added, all the components are re-mixed under the pressure 3-10 MPa, granules are pressed out of the mixture, and they are dried at a temperature of 45-60° C to a moisture content of 1-5%.
EFFECT: invention enables to obtain granules providing implementation of decorative function during the spring-summer season, with subsequent decomposition and soil fertilisation.
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the field of agriculture and crop sector. Method includes arrangement of trays to make vertical tiers, cultivation of plants, maintenance of required light mode in greenhouse, the latter of which is supported by displacement of light source between tiers of trays. Plant seedlings are planted into vegetation trays, required climatic mode is created, at the same time source of light in the period of radiation is moved by continuous reversible motion up and down between extreme tiers, and speed of light source motion and capacity of light source are established depending on extent of natural illumination and/or air temperature. Device comprises system of plants cultivation, including vertical multi-tier rack installation for vegetation trays with plants, systems for maintenance of required climatic and light modes, the latter of which includes at least one source of light arranged with the possibility of displacement up and down between tiers of rack installation, comprises facility that provides for continuous reversible motion of light source between tiers in the period of plants radiation. Rack comprises sections of shelves that are mounted in tiers on four stands. Sections are combined into modules, every of which includes three serial stages arranged in a row, two extreme ones and one central, joined to each other by means of a hinge with the possibility of extreme sections rotation around vertical axis to center of module to form a "П"-shaped profile.
EFFECT: usage of group of inventions makes it possible to speed up development of plants due to provision of even illumination of plants, increasing density of photosynthetic flow of photons, elimination of overheating and damages of grown plants leaf canopy and reduction of light losses.
30 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: forestry, in particular, keeping of plants with closed root system during cold periods of year, for example, plants grown in containers or seedlings.
SUBSTANCE: method involves placing containers 5 with plants 4 at place 1 above heating main 2; providing covering 4 above containers 5; filling space between covering wall 3 and containers 5 with bulk material 6 with increased moisture capacity (for example, peat or compost); moistening material 6 and mellowing top layer 7 of said material. During heating season, part of heat is transferred from heating main 2 to ground surface. Moistened peat layer 6 has increased moisture capacity to provide for effective heating of containers 5. Mellowed layer 7 eliminates moisture and heat transfer from layer 6. Moisture stock in layer 6 provides optimal soil moisture in containers to be maintained. When necessary, layer 6 is periodically moistened and layer 7 is mellowed. Covering 3 and layers 6 and 7 of peat reduce heat losses from heating main 2 during the entire heating season. Upon completion of cold period, containers 5 with plants 4 are moved to territory to be landscaped.
EFFECT: reliable storage of plants, reduced costs for earth excavation works and heating of storage, provision for keeping soil moisture capacity in containers within optimal range, and reduced heat losses at heating mains.
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, vegetable growing, more particular, cultivation of long-stalked tomatoes.
SUBSTANCE: tomato plantation has trellis, outer support, twine, ring made from twine, plants, twisted part, rod, and terminating support. Trellis defining site where plants are to be planted are wound with twine at both sides. Each of supports is wound once in the form of ring. Upon accomplishment of works with one trellis, adjacent trellis is subjected to the same procedure. Second end of twine is bound to terminating support. Within trellis, twisted part is formed between plants, said twisted part being formed from two adjacently extending twines by means of rod. Lower end of rod is then inserted into ground.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability, simplified construction and reduced labor intensity for cultivation of tomatoes.
FIELD: agriculture, plant protection.
SUBSTANCE: claimed method includes preparation of dishes with soil mixture and wheat plant growing, wherein wheat plants are settled with aphid and placed into cage with true midge. Wheat plants are grown in dishes with corrugated bottom divided in section with high of 15 cm. Then dishes with plants settled with true midge are placed in greenhouse. Wheat plants with true midge nymph in top plant parts are got out from dish and fixed on trellis of glass-cultures in aphid focus, wherein number of plants with nymph is in direct ratio to number of plant settled with aphids and number thereof in focuses.
EFFECT: biological plant protection with increased effectiveness.
3 dwg, 3 tbl, 4 ex
SUBSTANCE: this equipment consists of two identical blocks with the body in the form of rectangular prism for two onion-type plants in each block. Each plant has its own recess equipped with a device for fixing it in position and one conic air intake with the holes in its generatix connected with the recess intracavity. This fixing device has the form of two springs with a ring. There are two watering nozzles and a hose in each block lateral. One of the bocks has a clamping dowel mounted in its hatch and clamping hole in the hatch of the second block. In this method each block is filled up with the support medium, the holes get sealed and two blocks put together one piece of equipment for delivering on orbit. The first block is turned upside down and its pressure rings become directed in the conic air intakes of the second block. Subsequently the clamping dowel of the second block gets inserted in the clamping hole of the first block. After that the laterals of the blocks get fastened using plug contacts, before delivering the equipment to the space station. This invention allows convenient delivering and saving the original plant material, decreasing size and weight of the product and improving its reliability during continuous service.
EFFECT: way of convenient delivering and saving the original plant material, decreasing size and weight of the product and improving its reliability during continuous service.
2 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: proposed compound for manufacture of peat granules consists of teat and loam their wt % being 50-55: 45-50 accordingly with the peat containing at least 80% of peat dust.
EFFECT: stability of the peat granules decorative properties during the whole of the spring-and-summer season; efficiency of their fertilising capacities when eventually soaked and/or disintegrated.
SUBSTANCE: when plants are growing under coverage, low molecular chitosan dissolved in a 0.025% aqueous solution of amber acid is applied under the roots at 25 mg per plant. Complex mineral fertiliser is also put at the same time. Treatment is repeated twice a month for the whole vegetation period of the plants.
EFFECT: protecting cucumber plants from gallic eelworm, Meloidogyne incognita.
6 tbl, 5 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, namely to landscape gardening. Summer chip budding is carried out at the R. rugosa main root for the depth of 4-5 cm from the root crown. The eye with a scutellum is tied by a polyethylene film 60-80 mcm thick completely and left under the ground until the next spring. In spring the soil is uncovered, the tying material is removed and the root stock is cut under the root crown.
EFFECT: increasing level of the eye establishment, safety in winter, increasing average diametre of the rose yearlings and reducing labour input.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to agriculture and may be used to obtain ultrahigh harvests in industrial scale, and also in farming enterprises. Device is proposed, comprising three components (cultivation pipe, perforated capsule for root portion of plant and non-perforated through capsule for local section of stem), which significantly improves resources for intense hydroponic growth of plants. Cultivation pipe (column) is arranged as preferably octagonal with the possibility to accommodate perforated capsules for root part of plant in its walls. Capsules strongly and tightly fix plants in pipe wall and improve resources for more intense adoption of nutrient solution by plant. Method peculiarities consist in the fact that perforated capsule on root and near-root sections of plant assists in development of strong root system, which provides for sufficient level of plant nutrition in process of intense fruitification.
EFFECT: additional (non-perforated and through) capsule, which is imposed over plant stem, even more assists in sufficient nutrition of plants in period of intense consumption of nutrient substances for development of fruit.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of crop science and may be used to create plant compositions. The method implies the following: two seeds at least are fastened by soaking with liquid glass that gradually hardens. The fertiliser or mixture of fertilisers is admixed to liquid glass (1-50% of its total amount).
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to simplify the creation of different plant compositions that are used to design interior of apartment and public buildings, flowerbeds, interior gardens.
2 cl, 2 ex
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions is related to stand for keeping, watering and transportation of the plant, and also to watering device. The stand is supplied with two fasteners on every two narrow parallel sides for hanging of the sides on construction stands. Every fastener has insertable end part which is placed along the corresponded narrow side and has the unused end part along the first long side.
EFFECT: design improvement.
20 cl, 18 dwg