High seedbed

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: high seedbed comprises the trough with the ground, the arcs for fixing coating of transparent plastic, for example polyethylene. The trough is made dismountable from a solid plastic material such as polypropylene or glass fiber, and comprises two end and intermediate modules. The modules are interconnected with the locks. The trough assembled from modules is placed on supports having the ability of changing the height.

EFFECT: reduced labour intensity of building the seedbed, increased convenience of its use.

3 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to a device for the cultivation of flowers, vegetables and rice in pots, boxes, greenhouses or hothouses on the plot and can be used for harvesting vegetables, edible herbs, ornamental plants and the conditions for the middle and Northern latitudes.

Known beds for growing vegetables and edible herbs, which are widely used in Russia and abroad.

High ridge dramatically improve heating of the soil in which the root system of plants. If a conventional seedbeds, for example, at the end of April is still in full effect residual cold of the frozen lands, on high ground so the month is almost as blown warm spring air. This allows you to start the gardening season for 2-3 weeks earlier than the normal level of the ground.

High ridge is a rare construction in suburban areas. Because it requires some labor and material costs, and many vacationers do not venture to build a high ridge without being sure that they would pay for themselves.

Crops with high beds exceeds the harvest with the usual 2-3 times due to a high "turnover" of the earth, and a considerable increase in the intensity of cultivation. The ability to get the radish in April, salad 3 weeks earlier, green onions almost immediately after snow - is with what Imola to build at least one high bed.

For the construction of a high ridge boards use solid wood (such as larch or fir), screws, fine metal mesh, durable polyethylene film, as well as materials for filling - cut and chopped wood branches, sod, politely compost and other

On the floor under the bed site, dig a hole the depth of 30-40 cm and set it cooked a box, the walls of which are lined with a film. On the wall of the box are fixed arc, on which place a transparent plastic film.

On the bottom is placed a fine mesh (it protects the bed from pests), and then layers prepared materials for filling of chopped branches and wood waste, newspaper and cardboard, sawdust and wood chips, fresh garden waste (residues green plant), rotten autumn leaves, taken from the compost heap. Stacked on top of prepararsi compost and garden soil, mixed with finished compost.

Annually high patch update, removing the top layer and replacing it with a mixture of garden soil with compost. (J. "Garden vegetable Garden Flower garden" No. 3/23 from 01 March 2010).

The disadvantages of the known high beds are low yield, high dependence on weather conditions, a significant complexity in the construction of the garden, difficulties with the seasonal movement of the patch.

The purpose of izobreteny is - to increase productivity, to improve the convenience of operation of the facility, to ensure the quality of its design, to reduce the complexity of construction of the device.

The aim is achieved in that a high patch contains a trough with the ground, the arc for fastening a cover of transparent plastic, for example polyethylene, and the trough is made of a collapsible from a rigid plastic material such as polypropylene or fiberglass, and contains two end module and the intermediate modules, and between modules are connected by locks; assembled from modules trough placed on stands, with the possibility of changing the height; a high patch contains plastic thermocouple placed in the ground and connected through thermostat with temperature sensor and the power source; a high patch contains a perforated pipe suspended on arcs for fastening the cover; a pipe connected with the water tank, inlet pipe contains a valve associated with the control soil moisture associated with the soil moisture sensor.

Figure 1 shows the General view of the device.

High patch contains a trough (1) with the ground, arc (2) for fastening a cover of transparent plastic, for example polyethylene, and the trough (1) is made of a collapsible from a rigid plastic material such as polypropylene or fiberglass, esoteric two end module (3) and intermediate modules (4); between the modules are connected by locks (5); assembled from modules trough is placed on the supports (6), with the possibility of changing the height; a high patch contains plastic thermocouple (7)placed in the ground and connected through thermostat (8) with temperature sensor (9) with a power source (10); a high patch contains a perforated pipe (11), suspended on arches (2) for fastening the cover; perforated coarse (11) through a hose (12) is connected with a pump (13)is placed in a water tank (14); a pump (13) is connected with the relay,(15) which in turn is connected with the control soil moisture (16)associated with the soil moisture sensor (17).

The operation of the device.

First of all it is necessary to choose a place for high beds. It should be well-lit by the sun, especially in the first half of the day. Preferably with the sunrise. Yet it must be protected from the wind, not to stand in a draught. All this will accelerate the warming of the beds in the spring. And, therefore, the early harvest. The orientation of the ridge, generally from East to West, perhaps with a slight deviation.

Collect trough (1) of the two end modules (3) and intermediate modules (4), connecting them to each other locks (5); assembled from modules trough (1) is placed on the supports (6), having the ability to change height; choosing a height convenient for the of processing of the soil; fill the trough (1) soil, while putting plastic thermocouple (7) in the ground and connected through thermostat (8) with temperature sensor (9) with a power source (10). The trough (1) fixed arc (2), perforated pipe (11)through a hose (12) associated with the pump (13)is placed in a water tank (14). The soil was placed a soil moisture sensor (17)associated with the control soil moisture (16), which in turn is connected with the relay (15). Hoe, carry out the planting, cover the patch. The temperature sensor soil (9) at low soil temperature signals to the controller (8), which provides for the inclusion in the circuit of thermocouple (7). When the soil predetermined temperature, further heating the tape stops. At low soil moisture signal from the soil moisture sensor (17) is fed to the control soil moisture (16), which through a relay (15) includes a pump (13)is placed in a water tank (14); from the water through the hose (12) enters the perforated tube (11). The irrigation of the soil, saturating it with water to the specified value.

1. High patch containing trough with the ground, the arc for fastening a cover of transparent plastic, for example polyethylene, characterized in that the trough is made of a collapsible from a rigid plastic material such as polypropylene or cavalary, and contains two end module and the intermediate modules, and between modules are connected by locks; assembled from modules trough placed on stands, with the possibility of changing the height.

2. High patch according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains plastic thermocouple placed in the ground and connected through thermostat with the temperature sensor and the power source.

3. High patch according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains a perforated pipe suspended on arches for fastening the cover; a pipe through a hose connected with the pump placed in the water tank; a pump connected to the relay which, in turn, is connected with the control soil moisture associated with the soil moisture sensor.



 

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6 tbl, 5 ex

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