Ship computer-based telemetry control data registration system

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to computer-based registration and documentation systems. Proposed system comprises onboard data processing computer with I/O connected with data acquisition and conversion controllers with their inputs connected with telemetry data indicators, audio data indicators, radar and external observation video camera. Onboard data processing computer I/O is connected with monitor I/O and input of container discharge automatic circuit controller with registration hardware with its output connected to container discharge automatic circuit controller with registration hardware input circuit. Said container discharge automatic circuit controller with registration hardware has its inputs connected to outputs of pressure and temperature transducers. Container discharge automatic circuit controller with registration hardware has its output connected with container discharge mechanism with registration hardware connected by its second inputs to output of container manual discharge device with registration hardware connected by its input with code lock. Container with registration hardware is connected with another ship computer I/O and I/O of the unit of data registration at integrator. Proposed system comprises navigation parameters converter with it inputs connected to navigation transducers for measurement of speed, bearing and coordinates. Converter output is connected with data registration unit input. Cartographic data converter has its input connected to output of TV camera arranged above the autoplotter table and its output connected to registration data unit input. Monitor inputs are connected to outputs of depth-finding, heel and trim difference transducers and depth-gage. Autoplotter inputs are connected with outputs of navigation transducers, course, speed and coordinates transducers.

EFFECT: expanded operating performances, fast transmission of container notification and search signals, precise analysis of situation.

3 cl, 3 dwg

 

The invention relates to the automated systems of registration and documentation, allowing on the basis of the analysis of the current and previous information about the parameters of the ship's systems to identify trends in the development of dangerous situations that affect the safety of navigation.

One of the most serious issues that hinder the operation of ships, is the accident rate. On average die each year from about 300 only large ships. Despite equipping ships with modern communication and navigation, dozens of boats drowned under mysterious circumstances and disappear without a trace.

In the study of accidents arbitration is always faced with the problem of lack of reliable information regarding trapped in their courts. To obtain complete and reliable information on vessels and ships must be installed automated system of registration and documentation (ASRD), similar systems for many years used in aviation called "black box". With the widespread introduction of ASRD it will be possible to objectively investigate accidents and disasters, which will help prevent their future recurrence.

Projects ship ASRD a long time, but their implementation was not possible without creating a sufficient number of sensors, incorporated in the system, and without reliable on the of opiela data high-capacity, placed in the Autonomous containers with assurance system of their search. For highly automated modern ships and vessels of the problem became urgent, and its solution is technically feasible.

A device for alarm containing a counter whose outputs are connected to respective information inputs of the decoder and the address inputs of the multivibrator, the information outputs of which are connected to the outputs of the respective sensors, the pulse generator, the trigger element And the indicators on the number of sensors and the button. The device is used in systems alarm and control (Morskoy sbornik, No. 10, 1986, p.86 [1]).

A device for remote temperature control (patent CH No. 489165, CL H04B 11/04, 1968 [2]). This device contains temperature sensors, each of which, through the Executive scheme associated with the subscriber line, is included in the subscription to sit down.

It is also known device alarms containing groups of sensors monitored parameters (smoke, flames), the display unit and alarm systems, analog-to-digital Converter, the unit of comparison, the storage unit installations, the Executive unit and control unit status sensor (GN. Novopashenny. Information-measuring system. - M.: Higher school, 1977, p.8, 9, fig.1.2. [3]).

The disadvantage of the known and devices [1-3], they do not provide a definition of the immediate scene of the accident, its nature and transmission of emergency information directly supervising official or fire Department.

The reliability of the primary information on the site of the fire officer is the basis for assessment and decision on the transfer of reports to a higher authority. Officer of the emergency site, assessing the situation, must make one of two decisions: on the liquidation of the accident on their own or need help requests. The adoption of such a decision-a very long process, because one of them is always wrong. The first decision can lead to disaster and death to personnel on the object, the second false alarm with the rise of emergency response capabilities. Therefore, assessment of the situation and the decision of the officials of the emergency object with the simultaneous management of the struggle for the survival of the object inevitably leads to a delay of signal transmission on the accident. Judging by the possible consequences of the accident, the preference should be given to the second solution (for immediate information of the parent body and emergency forces about the accident), so all objects must have a system and automatic transmission signals about the accident, involuntary job violence. System Avars who Inoi alarm must immediately notify voice, located at the emergency facility, staff, and document on the recording device alarm information. The known alarm systems currently do not provide.

A device for alarms and alerts (patent RU №2075783 [4]), which eliminated the disadvantages of similar prior art devices due to the fact that the existing alarm system [3] introduced additional analog-to-digital Converter, the output of which is connected to the count signal, the count signal is connected to the Comparer and the Executive unit, the output of which closes the loop of the external subscriber connection, and the second is fed to the microprocessor in the form of speech commands. This provides enhanced functionality for automating the transmission of alarms about the place and nature of the accident, but only on the ship, without broadcast information to external sources of information analysis.

Further development of the known device [4] is a well-known ship (ship) automated data recording system telemetry control (V.I. Zhilenkov, A.A. Kitanovic. The ship's automated registration system data telemetry control // Sudostroenie, No. 5, 2010, s.43-47 [5]), block diagram, which organically is straivaetsya in a General range of data acquisition and processing, allowing on the basis of the analysis of the current and previous information about the parameters of the most important systems of the vessel to identify trends in the development of dangerous situations, to prevent catastrophic consequences, on the basis of reliable information stored to investigate accidents, determine their causes, analyze team action in extreme situations [1].

In this case, the ship's complex collection, analysis and storage of data is built on the basis of a computer, specifying the whole algorithm of functioning of the complex. The entire flow of the telemetry data describing activity of the vessel, produce sensors installed in vital points. Converted and digitized sensor data is supplied to the computer for analysis and registration. Audio information: talks over the intercom, VHF and commands speakerphone - in the present version of the schema is converted into a digital form and supplied to register. Similarly, information from the camera and the signals from the radar is also discretized and stored in digital form. All data is logged in a secure container to save in case of emergency.

The container has a storage device with multiple overwrites with enough capacity to collect information throughout the Autonomous navigation of the vessel. During the next flight to new information which I entered on the site of the old ring. In parallel with the recording information in a secure container it is registered in the registration unit write-once on laser disc. One cartridge is calculated by at least one hike. Thus, there is an archive of information about the functioning of the vessel. After a hike compact cassette is replaced with a new one, and filled archived shore base for a detailed analysis of all the systems of the ship and crew. Having analyzed on a powerful computer data read from the CD-cassette, coastal center makes the conclusion about the necessity of small, medium or reconditioning of the vessel or gives a nod to the next campaign. In addition, the analysis of sound recordings of talks and videos maneuvers of the vessel allows to make a conclusion about the efficiency of the crew.

The discharge container in the water provide automatic reset, manual reset, key lock and pressure sensors and temperature. When the automatic reset signal reset is received from the computer at the command of the captain of the ship. Ship the computer issues a command to the controller of the machine reset, trigger the container falls overboard.

The second option is automatically reset is applied when the accident, for this is provided by the pressure sensors and temperature triggered the flooding of the vessel and the fire.

In the event of unforeseen circumstances possible hand the undocking of the container; to do this, man must earn conditional code on the lock and rotate the actuating lever, the container is released and falls overboard.

ASRD works in two modes: a) collection and analysis of information is a normal trouble-free operation of the ship, when all the parameters are within normal limits. Data are recorded and analyzed approaches the allowable limits, the camcorder will not turn on;

b) the output of individual parameters within normal ranges. In this case, the ship's computer reveals the trend of the degradation parameter, calculates a forecast for the future and tells the computer operator and to the command post, gives the optimal variant of a vessel to operate in the prevailing conditions; in the complex registration is recorded forecast computer, its recommendations and the captain of the solution.

So how dangerous the situation may be due to both external and internal reasons, in all cases, the system issues a message, and if necessary, automatically turns on the alarm. When external danger in full register with data from radar and video cameras. In case of emergency in the logger recorded data from all sensors and information sources, the polling rate is increased, the recording is performed, to the extent possible, to the discharge of the container; if it fails, the ship Blo the power supply apparatus of the container, automatically switches to the Autonomous power.

In the mode control functionality that runs periodically on a predetermined program, the ship's computer transmits the command "start control", the CPU of the container according to the program recorded in the ever-memory (ROM), test equipment and displays the results in the ship complex. On their basis the decision is made to continue operating ASRD, its repair or replacement. In control mode, it is assumed without unmounting the container and removing it from the regular places to provide for the possibility of reading all the recorded information on the same communication channel with the ship's computer.

This variant of the system involves the use of recording information only in discrete form, including speech signals. Record only digital data greatly simplifies the design of the Registrar, however, when speech requires the use of special forming devices of speech signals. Option analog voice recording requires a separate recording device that allows you to increase the recording time, but greatly complicates the design of the device.

Implementation of the known device provides three options for building registrars placed in a secured to the container. In the first variant management of all blocks of onboard equipment provides the processor that runs the program recorded in the ROM on the solid-state memory chips.

As the storage medium in this embodiment is a secure on-Board storage BIA-1-3 with a memory capacity of 20 MB and writing on the steel tape. This memory capacity determines the need for averaging the data, recording the rings, the identification and separation of the recording outputs parameters within normal ranges. To record analog signals are invited to use the second drive, camcorder kit hardware is not included due to the large volume of video information. Analysis and averaging of data provides shipboard computer, and the Registrar receives information, ready to record. Accident-free work mode processor necessary for its functioning ROM and random access memory (RAM), input interfaces digital and analog information and the storage device, the remaining blocks are de-energized. Power is supplied from the vessel. When power controller power supply automatically supply the equipment from an auxiliary battery. When the discharge container rusticoville connector that eliminates the first step of protection sensor autonomy. The second step is taken when hit by container or road is in the water, after that, the processor, based on the readings from the pressure sensor, after surfacing includes a power transmitter and a radar transponder. Evening and night time, the sensor gives a signal to switch svetoprozrachnogo lighthouse, a command to turn on which processor produces a delay in the expected time of occurrence of search engines. Transmitter, radar and beacon work up until discharged battery (15-20 days) or until the container is lifted on Board the rescue equipment and transmitters are disabled. These funds actuator seekers can be similar emergency beacon type ARB ISS "bottlenose Dolphin", "monsoon-501".

In the second option in the registration complex, as the main drive is used long-term storage device on the magneto-optical disk ROS 600 1GB.

All information, including audio and video is recorded in digital form, amount of memory is sufficient for registration information for the ship, departing on a voyage for two months. To coordinate the flow of information coming from a vessel, with the recording speed you can use the buffer RAM on solid volume schemes 4-6 MB. All other nodes coincide with the previous version.

The main advantage of the complex is a large amount of memory for about the processing to record all telemetry, audio and video information of any modern ship for the long voyage. The disadvantage is the need to take special measures to protect the drive from shock.

In the third embodiment, as the storage information can be used solid-state circuits, so-called flash cards with memory capacity of 100 MB, which represents an erasable ROM with an unlimited number of cycles write/erase. The big advantage of memory flash cards is its high reliability, as all devices on the solid-state chips.

The main disadvantages of the known devices [1-5] and in particular devices [5] can be assigned the following disadvantages.

The composition of the ship's telemetry sensors does not allow to control the navigation parameters, such as speed, course, the angles of pitch and roll, the draught of the vessel, coordinates with their binding to the navigation map, which is a legal document in the analysis of the causes of the accident the vessel, due to navigational circumstances of the voyage.

Reset the registration of the complex for the ship and, in consequence, in the "free" swimming, significantly complicates his search, especially under adverse weather conditions.

In addition, there are variations of the active branch ASRD from the vessel p is educativos presence on ESRD Autonomous navigation system propulsion drive to it, steering vertically and horizontally, measurement of buoyancy or units and mechanisms of forced segregation ASRD from the vessel under the action of the resultant force of the pressure of gases from feed cutoff, which significantly complicates the design ESRD.

The objective of the proposed technical solution is the increased functionality of the ship's automated registration system data telemetry control.

The problem is solved due to the fact that the ship's automated registration system data telemetry control, including shipboard computer information processing chamber connected to an input-output controllers, data collection and data conversion that its inputs connected to the outputs of sensor telemetry data, sensors, audio information, radar, video camera external review, the ship computer information processing its output connected to the input-output input-monitor output and another output connected to the input of the controller of the automatic reset of the container with recording equipment, which is its output connected to the input of the automatic reset of the container with recording equipment, which has its inputs connected to the output of the pressure sensor and temperature sensor, respectively, automatic reset Conte is the Nera equipment check its output connected to the reset mechanism of the container with recording equipment, its second input is connected to the output of a manual reset of the container with recording equipment, which its input is connected to the output of the code lock, the container with the recording equipment for its output connected to the input of the ship's power supply apparatus, and its input-output connected to another input-output marine computers and information processing the same input-output connected to the input-output unit recording data on the drive, unlike the prototype, further comprises a Converter navigation parameters, which has its inputs connected to the outputs of the navigation sensors measure the speed, direction, coordinates, and its output connected to the input recording data on the drive, inverter map information, which its input is connected to the output of the television camera mounted above the working field of autoprocedure, and its output connected to the input recording data on the drive, monitor their inputs connected to the outputs of the sensors measure the depth, angles of pitch and roll, and glubionate; container with recording equipment, including interface input / output, its input connected to the output of the ship's computer information processing, and its input-output connected to the input-output processor, controller, write the surrounding devices, system RAM, ROM, a device controller software search buffer RAM of the Registrar, the outputs of the pressure sensor, sensor autonomy, light sensor, buffer RAM Registrar to another input-output connected to the input-output long-term storage device, the device controller software search their outputs connected to the inputs of the transmitter 406 MHz transmitter 121.5 MHz, radar transponder 9 GHz, svetoprozrachnogo beacon, power supply, battery, connected to the controller power supply connected to the ship's power supply further comprises a hydro-acoustic communication channel, its input-output connected to the input-output processor; the container with the recording equipment is made in the form of sealed buoy consisting of a hydrodynamic damper housing, cowl cover further comprises a sonar link and anchor the device.

Unlike the prototype shipboard automated data recording system telemetry control further comprises a Converter navigation parameters, which has its inputs connected to the outputs of the navigation sensors measure the speed, direction, coordinates, depth, angles of pitch and roll and its output connected to the input recording data on the accumulated the tel, the Converter map information, which its input is connected to the output of the television camera mounted above the working field of autoprocedure, and its output connected to the input recording data on the drive, the inputs autoprocedure connected to the outputs of the navigation sensors for measuring rate, the velocity and position; the container with recording equipment further comprises a sonar link and anchor the device.

The invention is illustrated by drawings (figures 1, 2, 3).

Figure 1. The block diagram of the ship's automated registration system data telemetry control, contains the ship's computer 1 information processing chamber connected to an input-output controllers 2 collection and transformation of data that their inputs connected to the outputs of the sensor 3 telemetry data, sensors 4 audio information, RLS 5, a camera 6 external review, the ship computer 1 information processing its input-output connected to the input-output monitor 7 and another output connected to the input of the controller 8 machine 9 reset of the container 10 with the apparatus, whose output is connected to the input of the machine 9 reset of the container 10 with equipment, which has its inputs connected to the output of the pressure sensor 11 and the temperature sensor 12, respectively, the machine 9 reset of the container 10 when paramoreu its output connected to the mechanism 13 of the discharge container 10 with the recording equipment 14, its second input is connected to the output device 15 manual reset of the container 10 with the apparatus, whose input is connected to the output of the lock 16, the container 10 with the recording equipment 14 with its output connected to the input of the ship's power supply 17 equipment, and its input-output connected to another input-output shipboard computer 1 information processing and the same input - output connected to the input-output unit 18 registration data to the storage device 19, which has its input coupled to the output unit 18 registration data to the storage device 19, the Converter 20 of the navigation options, which their inputs connected to the outputs of the navigation sensors measure speed, 21, 22, coordinate 23, depth 24, and its output connected to the input unit 18 registration data to the storage device 19, the inverter 27 map information, which its input is connected to the output of the television camera 28 that is installed above the working field of autoprocedure 29 and its output connected to the input unit 18 registration data to the storage device 19. Navigation sensors measure speed, 21, 22 and coordinates 23, the second their outputs connected to inputs of autoprocedure 28. Monitor 7 its inputs connected to the outputs of the sensors measure the depth 24, angles of roll 25 and trim 26, depth gauge 30.

Figure 2. The block diagram for the of Steiner 10 with the recording equipment. Inside the container 10 with the recording equipment posted by interface 31 I / o, with its input connected to the output of the ship's computer 1 information processing, and its input-output connected to the inputs-outputs of the processor 32, a controller 33 recording device, system RAM 34, a ROM 35, a controller 36 devices provide search, buffer RAM 37, 38 Registrar, the outputs of the sensor 39 and the pressure sensor 40 of autonomy, the light sensor 41, the buffer RAM 37 38 Registrar another input-output connected to the input-output long-term storage device 42, the controller 36 devices provide search their outputs connected to the inputs of the transmitter 43 with 406 MHz transmitter 44 with a frequency of 121.5 MHz, radar transponder 45 with a frequency of 9 GHz, svetoprozrachnogo lighthouse 46, respectively. The container 10 with the recording equipment also contains the power supply 47, the battery 48 connected to the controller 49 of the power supply unit 47 connected to the ship's power supply, hydro-acoustic communication channel 50, which is connected to an input-output input-output processor 32.

Figure 3. The design of the container 10 with the recording equipment. The container 10 with the recording equipment is made in the form of sealed buoy consisting of a hydrodynamic damper 51, a housing 52, fairing 53, the cover 54 and the anchor device 55.

Inside the container 10 with the recording equipment posted by interface 31 I / o, its input connected to the output of the ship's computer 1 information processing, and its input-output connected to the inputs-outputs of the processor 32, a controller 33 recording device, system RAM 34, a ROM 35, a controller 36 devices provide search, buffer RAM 37, 38 Registrar, the outputs of the sensor 39 and the pressure sensor 40 of autonomy, the light sensor 41, the buffer RAM 37 38 Registrar another input-output connected to the input-output long-term storage device 42, the controller 36 devices provide search their outputs connected to the inputs of the transmitter 43 with 406 MHz transmitter 44 frequency 121.5 MHz, radar transponder 45 with a frequency of 9 GHz, svetoprozrachnogo lighthouse 46, respectively. The container 10 with the apparatus also includes a power supply 47, the battery 48 connected to the controller 49 of the power supply unit 47 connected to the ship's power supply, hydro-acoustic communication channel 50, which is connected to an input-output input-output processor 32.

On the housing 52 of the container 10 with the apparatus registration under the fairing posted by antenna 56 of the transmitter 44 of the satellite communication channel, the reflector 57 radar transponder 45, antenna 58 of the transmitter 43 of the radio beacon device radiation 59 svetoprozrachnogo lighthouse 46, hydroacoustic pievescola antenna 60 hydroacoustic Kahn the La connection 50.

Shipboard automated data recording system telemetry control built on the basis of the ship's computer 1 that specifies the entire algorithm of functioning of the complex. The entire flow of the telemetry data describing activity of the vessel, produce sensors 3 telemetry data set in vital points. Converted and digitized data from sensors 3 telemetry data received in the ship computer 1 through the controller 2 of the collection and conversion of data for analysis and registration. Audio information: talks over the intercom, VHF and commands speakerphone from sensors 4 audio information is converted to digital form and supplied through the controller 2 of the collection and conversion of data for analysis and registration on the ship's computer 2 for registration.

Similarly, converted and digitized information from the camera 6, the monitor 7, and the signals from the radar station 5 is also discretized and stored in digital form, as well as information from the Converter 27 map information, which its input is connected to the output of the television camera 28 that is installed above the working field of autoprocedure 29 and its output connected to the input unit 18 registration data to the storage device 19. Navigation sensors measure speed, 21, 22 and coordinates 23, his second in the passages connected with the inputs of autoprocedure 29.

By a television camera 28 that is installed above the working field of autoprocedure 29 is removed, the TV picture navigation maps, to navigate the vessel in the form of a symbol, depending on the speed of the course relative to the coordinate points.

On the monitor 7 receives data from the sensors measure the depth 24, angles of roll 25 and trim 26 and the depth gauge 30.

Information from the sensor measurement depth 24, which is applied multibeam sonar and depth gauge 30 is used to determine the current precipitation vessel that allows you to control the passage of the vessel above the shoals, banks and reefs.

All data is logged in a secure container 10 with the recording equipment to save in case of emergency.

The container 10 with the recording equipment includes a storage device with multiple overwrites with enough capacity to collect information throughout the Autonomous navigation of the vessel. During the next flight new information is logged on the site of the old ring. In parallel with the recording information in a secure container it is registered in the registration unit write-once on laser disc. One cartridge is calculated by at least one hike. Thus, there is an archive of information about the functioning of the vessel. After a hike compact cassette is replaced with a new, and filled archived shore base for a detailed analysis of all the systems of the ship and crew. Having analyzed on a powerful computer data read from the CD - cassette, coastal center makes the conclusion about the necessity of small, medium or reconditioning of the vessel or gives a nod to the next campaign. In addition, the analysis of sound recordings of talks and videos maneuvers of the vessel allows to make a conclusion about the efficiency of the crew.

The discharge container 10 with the recording equipment in the water provide machine 9 reset device 15 manual reset combination lock 16 and the pressure sensor 11 and the temperature 12. When the automatic reset signal reset is supplied from the ship's computer 1 at the command of the captain of the ship. Ship computer 1 issues a command to the controller of the machine 9 reset trigger the container 10 with the recording equipment falls overboard a ship. The second option is automatically reset is applied when the accident, for this is provided by the pressure sensors 11 and temperature 12, triggered the flooding of the vessel and the fire. In the event of unforeseen circumstances provided for manual undocking of the container 10 with the apparatus registration; you must dial the conditional code on the combination lock 16 and rotate the actuating lever mechanism 13 of the discharge container 10 with the recording equipment, the container 10 with the devices is dependent on the register is released and falls overboard.

ASG operates in the following modes:

- collection and analysis of information is a normal trouble-free operation of the ship, when all the parameters are within normal limits. Data are recorded and analyzed approaches the allowable limits, the camcorder will not turn on;

output of individual parameters within normal ranges. In this case, the ship's computer 1 detects the tendency of the degradation parameter, calculates a forecast for the future and informs the operator of the ship computer 1 and to the command post, gives the optimal variant of a vessel to operate in the prevailing conditions; in the complex registration is recorded forecast shipboard computer 1, its recommendations and the captain solutions;

dangerous situation (may be due to both external and internal reasons).

In all cases, the system issues the message, and if necessary, automatically turns on the alarm. When external danger in full register with data from radar 5 and the video camera 6, as well as data from the monitor 7 and autoprocedure 29. In case of emergency in the Registrar 38 recorded data from all sensors and information sources, the polling rate is increased, the recording is performed, to the extent possible, to the discharge of the container 10 with the recording equipment. When the container 10 with the recording equipment in the water, auto the automatic switch to a self-powered.

In the mode control functionality that runs periodically on a predetermined program, the ship's computer transmits the command "start control", the CPU 32 of the container 10 with the recording equipment according to the program recorded in the ever-memory (ROM) 35, test equipment and displays the results in the ship complex. On their basis the decision is made to continue operating ASRD, its repair or replacement. In the control mode without unmounting of the container 10 with the recording equipment and removing it from the regular places all recorded information is read on the same channel of communication with the ship's computer 1.

As the drive 19 of the information used solid-state circuits, so-called flash cards with memory capacity of 100 MB, which represents an erasable ROM with an unlimited number of cycles write/erase. The big advantage of memory flash cards is its high reliability, as all devices on the solid-state chips.

Alarm mode and alarm on the vessel is provided in accordance with the algorithms described in the information source (patent RU №2075783), by connecting ASRD to an external subscriber devices.

The container 10 with the recording equipment is made in the form of sealed buoy, sotoyama what about from a hydrodynamic damper 51, housing 52, fairing 53, the cover 54 and the anchor device 55.

Inside the container 10 with the recording equipment posted by interface 31 I / o, with its input connected to the output of the ship's computer 1 information processing, and its input-output connected to the inputs-outputs of the processor 32, a controller 33 recording device, system RAM 34, a ROM 35, a controller 36 devices provide search, buffer RAM 37, 38 Registrar, the outputs of the sensor 39 and the pressure sensor 40 of autonomy, the light sensor 41, the buffer RAM 37 38 Registrar another input-output connected to the input-output long-term storage device 42, the controller 36 devices provide search their outputs connected to the inputs of the transmitter 43 with 406 MHz transmitter 44 with a frequency of 121.5 MHz, radar transponder 45 with a frequency of 9 GHz, svetoprozrachnogo lighthouse 46, respectively. The container 10 with the apparatus also includes a power supply 47, the battery 48 connected to the controller 49 of the power supply unit 47 connected to the ship's power supply, hydro-acoustic communication channel 50, which is connected to an input-output input-output processor 32.

On the housing 52 of the container 10 with the apparatus registration under the fairing posted by antenna 56 of the transmitter 44 of the satellite communication channel, the reflector 57 radar transponder 45, antenna 58 lane the sensor 43 beacon, the radiation device 59 svetoprozrachnogo lighthouse 46, hydroacoustic pievescola antenna 60 hydroacoustic communication channel 50.

The anchor device 55 is designed for immersion of the container 10 with the recording equipment on the bottom to ensure its safety during accidents ship anthropogenic origin. However, due to the presence of hydro-acoustic communication channel 50 that run in the operating mode by means of the internal timer, the container 10 with the recording equipment can be detected by other courts in the area of the ship that crashed.

The anchor device 55 is a cargo attached by lanyard to the body 52 of the container 10 with the recording equipment by means of hydroacoustic breaker type "AGAR-EHM" or type "AGAR-MP" (http://www.edboe.ru). With the elimination of the lesion around the vessel victim technogenic accident, the signal transmitted on the hydroacoustic channel 50 with the search or any vessel in the area of the accident or at the signal, the internal timer is pre-set time, the load can be disconnected from the container 10 with the recording equipment. While the container 10 with the recording equipment will float to the surface. When the container 10 with the recording equipment on the bottom or on the surface of the sea, ek the provided service information may be transmitted acoustic communication channel 50, through pievescola antenna 60. Under adverse weather conditions and the failure of the radio signals, the search of the container 10 with equipment registration can be done on the hydroacoustic signals in the mode of request-response.

The positive effect of the invention is to expand the functionality of alarm systems, as well as increasing the efficiency of signal transmission of the emergency notification and search container with recording equipment.

In addition, the proposed automated system of registration data telemetry control allows you to register the current navigation situation voyage as a private vessel, through sensors determine the navigation parameters (speed, course, position, line path relative to the navigation guidance), and motion elements of the courts located in the area of marine radar, which increases the objectivity of the analysis of factors and events that caused the creation of an emergency situation.

Sources of information

1. Morskoy sbornik, No. 10, 1986, p.86.

2. Patent CH No. 489165, CL H04B 11/04, 1968.

3. G.N. Novopashenny. Information-measuring system. - M.: Higher school, 1977, p.8, 9, fig.1.2.

4. Patent RU No. 2075783.

5. VI Zhilenkov, A.A. Kitanovic. The ship's automated registration system data meet the electrical control // Shipbuilding, No. 5, 2010, s.43-47.

1. Shipboard automated data recording system telemetry control, including shipboard computer information processing chamber connected to an input-output controllers, data collection and data conversion that its inputs connected to the outputs of sensor telemetry data, sensors, audio information, radar, video camera external review, the ship computer information processing its input-output connected to the input monitor output and another output connected to the input of the controller of the automatic reset of the container with recording equipment, which is its output connected to the input of the automatic reset of the container with recording equipment, which has its inputs connected to the output of the pressure sensor and temperature sensor, respectively,, automatic reset of the container with recording equipment for its output connected to the reset mechanism of the container with recording equipment, which is its second input is connected to the output of a manual reset of the container with recording equipment, which has its input connected to the output of the code lock, the container with the recording equipment is connected to another input-output shipboard computer, and that the same input-output connected to the input-output unit recording data on the drive, characterized in that ship avtomatizirovan the I data recording system telemetry control further comprises a Converter navigation parameters, which has its inputs connected to the outputs of the navigation sensors measure the speed, direction, coordinates, and its output connected to the input recording data on the drive, inverter map information, which its input is connected to the output of the television camera mounted above the working field of autoprocedure, and its output connected to the input recording data on the drive, monitor their inputs connected to the outputs of the sensors measure the depth, angles of pitch and roll, and glubionate, inputs autoprocedure connected to the outputs of the navigation sensors measure the course, speed and coordinates.

2. Shipboard automated data recording system telemetry control according to claim 1, characterized in that the container with recording equipment further comprises a hydro-acoustic communication channel, its input-output connected to the input-output processor.

3. Shipboard automated data recording system telemetry control according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the container with recording equipment further comprises a mooring device.



 

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15 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aircraft engineering. Proposed device comprises control cable connected with flaps to move jointly therewith. Control cable lay-out path extends from the first point to second point, located, either one or both, on stationary elements of aircraft wing structure.

EFFECT: simplified design.

15 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: information technologies.

SUBSTANCE: method to ensure safety of vessels, in which a knowledge base is generated for provision of safety of each vessel, as well as a data base for information support of fighting for survivability of each vessel, a data base for interactive electronic operation manuals (IEOM), a data base for cartographical information, a data base for physical fields of each vessel, a data base for diagnostics of technical facilities and body structures, at the same time mutual exchange is maintained for information of emergency vessels along secured communication channels with rescue services and salvage ships, besides, the specified knowledge base is formed in a computer centre of a mobile salvage ship, single for this region, including into this knowledge base data of all vessels of the served region, and in case of an emergency, all data on an emergency vessel is analysed in a computer centre of a mobile salvage ship, both initial data and available data on the emergency, and optimal recommendations are developed to maintain the emergency vessel afloat before the salvage ship arrives.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of salvage operations.

5 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: disclosed is a method of transmitting information to a mobile terminal to ensure safety of users inside an industrial building, residential quarters or a vehicle, involving installation of a command interpreter at the mobile terminal, which takes into account individual characteristics of a user, which are entered by the user in advance, as parameters of the command interpreter; in the absence of entered parameters, the command interpreter uses average statistical parameters of the user; wherein when no emergency situations are detected, the command interpreter operates in background mode, while loading into the mobile terminal through a radio channel, information which corresponds to said industrial building, residential quarters or vehicle, which includes commands for the command interpreter, which are executed in case of an emergency situation, audio, video, graphic and text information which is displayed by the mobile terminal upon input of the corresponding command to the command interpreter; wherein that information and commands are loaded from that moment in time when the mobile terminal is connected via the radio channel to the safety system, wherein if the mobile terminal loses connection with the safety system at that time when loading of the information has not been completed, loading stops and continues from where it stopped upon reconnection; wherein during an emergency situation, information on the beginning and nature of the emergency situation is sent to the mobile terminal, upon receiving this information, the command interpreter switches from background mode to emergency mode, wherein based on information on the beginning and nature of the emergency situation, the mobile terminal displays previously loaded information which corresponds the nature of the emergency situation and executes previously loaded commands which correspond to the nature of the emergency situation; the mobile terminal may be cellular telephone, a smartphone, a communicator, a notebook, a netbook or a PDA.

EFFECT: reducing data traffic during an emergency situation and faster operation of the mobile terminal during an emergency situation.

1 dwg

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: device for detecting leakage of water-steam mixture from a pipeline which is installed in a room provided with an influx of air includes a sensor which records the value of relative humidity in the monitored room, said sensor being connected to an information processing device, wherein the device additionally includes a laser aerosol sensor of submicron dimensions, which records the number concentration and size of aerosol particles, fitted with a sampling tube whose inlet end is installed at the outlet point of air from the monitored room; the output of the laser aerosol sensor is connected to the input of the information processing device, wherein the information processing device additionally includes a unit for comparing the value of the current signal of the laser aerosol sensor with the data base and a unit for calculating correlations between relative humidity values, the number concentration and sizes of the aerosol particles in air in the monitored room, also connected to a signalling unit.

EFFECT: high reliability and information content of measurements.

5 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: device contains two compensatory type Hall transducers (mounted inside an impedance bond and cut in opposite to each other), a two-input comparator mounted in the relay room an electrical signal tower (one of the inputs connected to the Hall transducers via a cable line while onto the other input of the comparator one supplies reference voltage corresponding to the acceptable level of traction current asymmetry in rail circuits), a signalling device in the form of a light-emitting diode connected to the comparator output; the signalling device is placed on a special panel within the station duty officer quarters; arranged on this panel are light-emitting diodes the number whereof corresponds to that of rail circuits at the station.

EFFECT: extension of functional capabilities of traction current asymmetry determination due to application of compensatory type Hall transducers and their introduction into the impedance bond.

1 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: method of detecting obstructions which are hard to distinguish and capable of creating interference for helicopters and aeroplanes, involving panoramic video shooting of the surrounding space in the infrared region, followed by computer processing of the obtained video signals, where computer processing involves prefiltering and contrasting images, as well as computer processing of video images and recognising potentially hazardous obstructions using algorithms for enhancing images and recognising grid and linear structures.

EFFECT: high accuracy of detecting obstructions of any shape in difficult weather conditions.

5 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: physics; control.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to landing aircraft on a flight strip and can be efficiently used for airports with high volume of traffic. After selecting a flight strip for each aircraft, the given approach path is calculated based on the altitude at which the aircraft moves through a given distance from front end of the flight strip. A refined protected space is created for each flight strip based on allowable inclination angles of given approach paths for the given type of aircraft. The selection of each flight strip for land approach is confirmed and if this selection is confirmed, said determination of the position and orientation of the aircraft relative the selected flight strip is performed, satisfaction of notification conditions is monitored and notification on the flight strip selection is generated.

EFFECT: high reliability of landing aircraft.

3 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: result is achieved owing to possibility of monitoring the state of sensors of monitored facilities during a given time period after external power supply failure, possibility of storing (in case of external power supply failure) information on incidents of unauthorised actions on secure facilities occurring before the said power failure, possibility of periodic real-time (automatic) checking of the state of the battery, automatic restoration (if necessary) and support of its working state, possibility of fast replacement of any (one) signalling cell in case of its failure by a standby signalling cell before replacing or repairing the device.

EFFECT: broader functionalities of the device.

4 dwg

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: system provides an automatically formed specification of a manufacturing project for the disclosed system by displaying a predetermined sequence of requests selected for known project parameters. In response to the requests, the system and the method form the required project specifications and other materials, including an estimate of the cost of the designed system. A list of said materials is formed for a component which is not predetermined, and a new predetermined component of the data base of the list of said materials is further added for a graphic component that is not predetermined.

EFFECT: high reliability and fast processing and displaying of orders.

16 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: method involves generating and storing in a database the required number of identification codes generated by random number generation techniques; the identification codes are deposited on identification labels in a sequence which matches the sequence of identification codes in the database; rolls with identification labels are sent to the manufacture for application on products; identification codes from two non-successive labels from the roll with identification codes are indicated to obtain the first identification code and the last identification code, which are entered into a data base together with the stock item, wherein the stock item is tied to all identification codes residing in the data base between the entered identification codes.

EFFECT: easy manufacture of identification labels, shorter time for searching for product data, high degree of protecting activation of labels.

FIELD: information technologies.

SUBSTANCE: system comprises a block of reception of identification data of legislation process participants, a block of detection of a type of data query, a block of selection of address of an identifier of permanent data of legislation process participants, a block of selection of a reference address of a personalised identifier of a legislation process participant, a block of detection of sampling depth of data of legislation process participants, a block of integration of address signals of recording and reading, a block of identification of legislation process participants data, a block of generation of a cycle of query data documentation, a block of selection of query data documentation area, a block of selection of time cycles of query performance, a block of records reception from a data base of a system server, a block of data issue channels switching.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of a system by localisation of addresses of data base records by identifiers of an address of citizen registration.

13 dwg

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus consists of several collection units, a concentrator, an accumulator and a computer, connected to each other on a star topology by information interface lines. Each collection unit consists of a power supply, one or more data collection modules, consisting of an analogue-to-digital conversion unit, a digital signal processing unit, a control unit, a bus occupation control unit, a bus controller, a synchronisation unit, knowledge memory and a matching module. All data collection modules in one collection unit use the same interface lines (bus) to receive and transmit information and an additional bus occupation line. To provide time synchronisation of the collected data, the apparatus includes a synchronisation module which is connected to inputs of synchronisation units of all data collection modules.

EFFECT: high reliability of the apparatus, simplification thereof, high measurement accuracy, more efficient utilisation of the bandwidth of data transmission channels and broader functional capabilities.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: information technologies.

SUBSTANCE: in the method accounting identification bar code information is generated on process operations in the form of a flow with output to paper media on a separate map board of a production area and a card of a technical task, review of the card, start and end of operations completion is carried out with supervision, and the task itself and each main process operation are identified, and upon completion of process operations the performed operations quality acceptance is registered by reading a bar code both on a card - technical task and on a map board by means of a scanner installed on a terminal of the production area.

EFFECT: increased accuracy of accounting of a production process for each process operation.

7 dwg

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: data storage system of a thermal atomiser with a spray gun (2) has a device (1) which is decentralised on or in the spray gun or has a memory device (4) for storing parameters of the thermal atomiser. Said stored parameters contain identification data and operational characteristics of the thermal atomiser, including identification data and operational characteristics of the spray gun. The device (1) also has a bus interface (6) for transmitting the stored parameters.

EFFECT: automatic identification of operational data of the spray gun, controlling the thermal spraying process.

12 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method to determine and monitor value of massive emission of pollutants from a livestock room into environment, consisting in using a mathematical model of emissions, the initial data of which is parameters, which unambiguously characterise the mode of operation of a source of emissions, readings of control and measurement equipment, for matching initial data, material balances are made between sources of emissions. Concentration of carbon dioxide is determined inside the room, and using it, they determine a level of air exchange in the room, simultaneously they measure concentration of ammonia inside the room, and using them, they determine actual emission of ammonia from the room according to the specified formula.

EFFECT: higher accuracy of determination and monitoring of value of massive emission of pollutants from a livestock room into environment.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: aircraft engineering.

SUBSTANCE: inflight measurements are used to define magnitude Rn.p. of ideal engine thrust as Rn.p.=Rcn.p.-GAVF, where Rcn.p. is conventional thrust of jet nozzle corresponding to full expansion of exhaust jet therein to barometric pressure, GA air flow rate at engine inlet, VF is aircraft flight velocity. In diagnostics, engine thrust is controlled by departure of Rn.p from reference value corresponding to engine thrust prior to engine operation.

EFFECT: higher accuracy of diagnostics.

1 dwg

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: system for evaluating trustworthiness of an individual consumer of financial services has a set of interacting means for inputting data, analysing the input data, gathering information in social networks, gathering networking data, polling contractors of the individual on social networks, calculating a numerically expressed and standardised estimate of trustworthiness of the consumer of financial services. The system also includes a database of individuals, a component for psychological and social testing of the individual - presumed consumer of financial services in question and answer form; a component for analysing social environment. The system also includes a component for creating a profile of psychological and social qualities of the individual which is configured to obtain information from outputs of the component for analysing input data, the component for gathering networking data, the component for analysing the social environment, a component for analysing networking between individuals, the component for polling contractors of the individual on social networks and the component for psychological and social testing.

EFFECT: high reliability of evaluating trustworthiness of an individual consumer of financial services by constructing a psychological and social portrait of the individual.

11 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: physics, computer engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a device and a method of dispensing medications, particularly a device and a method of dispensing medications at the emergency room. The device for dispensing medications has a protected container for storing one or more dosages of one or more medications; an access device for providing selective access to one or more dosages of one or more medications; an electronic interface configured to receive user input from the user themselves; and a processor for executing the following steps: comparing the user input with a database; determining, based on the comparison results, the required medication from multiple medications and the corresponding dosage from one or more dosages of the medication; selecting the corresponding dosage of the determined medication and providing access through the access device to the corresponding dosage.

EFFECT: reducing the probability of errors when dispensing medications and faster dispensation of medications to the device user.

24 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ship building and may be used for ship stabilisation in the case of its critical careen. Proposed object comprises hull with, at least, one stabiliser including stabilisation element secured to said hull and careen transducer connected with stabilising element. The latter is composed of first cartridge with base arranged in second cartridge and connected therewith to displace together with it. Second cartridge comprises, at least, one retainer arranged to interact with said stabilising element.

EFFECT: higher stability in critical careen.

6 cl, 9 dwg

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