Device for automatic watering

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for automatic watering of plants. The device for automatic watering comprises an air chamber (1) and the water storage unit (2) with the inlet end of the drain pipe (5) inserted in it and the outlet end of the suction pipe (4), a drain end of the drain pipe is installed above the level of free surface of the water source (12), the suction end of the suction pipe is lowered into the water source. The air chamber and the water storage unit are spaced, the air chamber is connected with the upper part of the water storage unit through the pipe, in the water storage unit the opening (6) of the inlet end of the drain pipe is located below the opening (7) of the outlet end of the suction pipe, the outer part of the suction pipe is provided with water-air lock, which is a steep section (8), the outer part of the drain pipe is provided with a water-air lock which is a U-shaped bending (9). The air chamber can be made in the form of a decorative element; it can also comprise a thin-walled shell. The lower part of the steep section of the suction pipe can be located below the lower part of the U-shaped bending of the drain pipe.

EFFECT: improvement of reliability of operation and reduction of material consumption of the device.

4 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to a device root watering plants. The device is aimed at the solution of the problem of irrigation is mainly ornamental plants given a daily dose of a wide range of water from an artificial or natural body of water.

Known installation for automatic watering of plants (USSR author's certificate N 940708, MKI A01G 27/00, publ. 07.07.82).

The apparatus comprises a reservoir of feed fluid with adjustable drip reservoir-dispenser, fixed under drip through horizontal axes of rotation, and the reservoir-dispenser system pipelines, and on the side walls of the reservoir-dispenser made of vertical guides, which are placed in the axis of rotation can be locked in various positions.

The lack of installation on this author's certificate is not provided with automatic supply of liquid in a watering point above the level of the free surface of the supply liquid.

Another disadvantage of this analogue is that it is necessary to have a sufficiently small size of the lumen of the tubule dropper, which quickly becomes clogged with deposits of salts from the irrigation fluid. In this case, the installation becomes naraba sposobnoi.

A device for watering plants (patent RF №2081559, MKI A01G 27/00, publ. 20.06.1997).

The device contains a reservoir of feed fluid to drip and drive dose with the discharge tube, is placed under the drip in the tank feeding the liquid set air chamber and the air chamber is connected with the reservoir of feed fluid through the holes drilled in the lower part of its walls, and provided with a pipe for communication with the atmosphere through the regulator of air flow.

The drawback of the device in this patent is that the device does not provide an automatic supply of liquid in a watering point above the level of the free surface of the supply liquid.

Closest to the technical nature of the device (prototype) to offer is automatic irrigation system proposed by MR. Gulia (source: Search engine Yandex. SAMOSTROJ.RU - Sprinkling and check valve. Comment by 20.12.09).

The system contains a partially filled water barrel located above the reservoir opening to the bottom opening closed by a stopper with two hoses (pipes) in it, both hoses are on the valve. One hose is lowered into the pond. This hose has an inlet valve, allowing the water only to enter into the barrel, and the other goes into the greenhouse cucumbers (podshoev the Yong nozzle systems provide water supply to several points of irrigated land greenhouses). This hose contains an exhaust valve, allowing water only out of the barrel. In this system, a significant amount of barrels filled with air (about 3/4 volume) and low water. At night when it is colder than during the day, the air in the barrel is compressed, and the water from the water source enters into it through the inlet valve. In the afternoon, the air therein is heated, the air expands and the pressure pushes the water through the exhaust valve in a garden hose. On these grounds the experimental model system, the term "barrel" is associated with a sealed air chamber, combined with the memory of water".

The disadvantage of the prototype is to use valves, friction surface. Due to the deposition on the friction surfaces of the valves salts and bacterial slime in the water intake from the reservoir, the device becomes unusable.

Another disadvantage of the prototype is that the air pressure in the barrel below atmospheric. Tough and durable wall of the barrel to prevent flattening it under the pressure of atmospheric air. However, the use of drums as an air chamber leads to a large consumption of material required to manufacture per unit of output.

The task, which is aimed by the invention is the provision root watering plants, grow emyh on small plots, mainly located on the waterfront, on an artificial floating tool (floating island) or in the container, mounted on the surface of a pond with floating supports, given a daily dose of a wide range, reduce the amount of material needed to produce a unit of output, improve the reliability of the device and stealth watering plants used for decoration decorative ponds.

The device comprises communicating via pipelines air chamber and located below the air chamber water tank, the suction pipe and the drain pipe. In the drive water entered the outlet end of the suction pipe and the inlet end of the drain pipe installation hole inlet end of the drain line below the hole outlet end of the suction pipe. The outer portion of the suction pipe is equipped with air-water gate, which represents a vertical section. The outer part of the discharge pipe is equipped with air-water gate, representing a U-shaped trough. The opening of the intake end of the suction pipe is installed in the water supply and opening the outlet end of the drain pipe is installed above the level of water surface water source.

Savla is my device provides water connections in a single point watering. To provide water supply to several points of irrigated land, you must use the inventive device together with well-known technical means of the dosing and distribution of the supplied fluid flow between several irrigation channels.

If the instrument is used for watering plants on the Bank of a shallow reservoir, pipeline, through which the air chamber is in communication with the storage of water, water tank, a vertical section of the suction pipe and the U-shaped trough drain pipe placed underground, for example, in a special box, buried flush with the ground.

If the instrument is used for watering the plants grown on the floating tool installed on the surface of the reservoir, pipeline, through which the air chamber is in communication with the storage of water, water tank, a vertical section of the suction pipe and the U-shaped trough drain pipe placed under the craft.

Produced when preparing the device for work placement drive water below the level of the supply leads to the arrival of her cavity water through inlet pipe and, consequently, to the reduction of the reference range daily dose of irrigation. To eliminate this disadvantage of this water (useless ballast) can be expelled from the drive water pic is edstam air pumping in communicating the air chamber and water tank. In the sequence of actions aimed at forcing the air of this water, in particular, includes: (a) depth vertical section of the suction pipe relative to the U-shaped trough the drain line, wherein the height difference between the surface of the water in the water source and the lower part of the vertical section of the suction pipe will exceed the height difference between the level of installation of the outlet of the drain pipe and the bottom part of the U-shaped trough drain pipe; b) pumping in communicating the air chamber and the drive water from the outlet of the drain line or through built-in air chamber nipple) air to education in the air chamber and the drive water pressure exceeds the pressure of water in the bottom of the U-shaped trough the drain line. The implementation of these actions leads to drain water from the drive water and drain the excess air pressure from the outlet of the drain line.

The reduction of material consumption needed to produce a unit of output is provided by performing an air chamber with a thin shell.

Improving the reliability of the device is ensured by using only the fixed component parts, the performance of which is not naruse the camping due to deposits of salts and bacterial slime in the water intake from the reservoir.

To disguise the device under decoration decorative pond, the air chamber is shaped elements (floating, graceful figures, sealed inflatable figures, groups of fine figurines, stone, lying near the shore) and is reserved for the installation of other elements of the device. When designing an air chamber in the inflatable version you need to pay significant attention to the selection of the membrane material. The shell should be durable, have good strength characteristics, can be water, gas-tight, weatherproof. Manufacturers of material for inflatable products with such characteristics include, in particular, JSC "Yaroslavl - Rezinotekhnika". Address: 150036, Yaroslavl, Spartakovskaya street, 1. To analogues of the inflatable figures can be attributed inflatable figures for clearance of the holiday, exhibitions, presentations, which, in particular, produces NGOs "Aero ecology". Address: Moscow, street Glider, 3, 3.

To the distinctive features of the prototype essential features of the claimed device are: the presence of air chambers and storage of water, spaced, hollow air chamber communicates with the upper part of the cavity of the drive water through the pipeline, in the drive water hole inlet end of the drain line is located below the hole release the second end of the suction pipe, the outer portion of the suction pipe is equipped with air-water gate, which represents a vertical section, the outer part of the discharge pipe is equipped with air-water gate, representing a U-shaped trough.

Figure 1 shows the General view of the device installed on the surface of a pond using a floating support.

The device has an air chamber 1, drive 2 water pipe 3, through which the cavity of the chamber 1 communicates with the upper part of the cavity of the drive 2, the elastic suction pipe 4 and the elastic drain pipe 5. The outlet end of the pipe 4 and the inlet end of the pipe 5 is introduced into the cavity of the drive 2, through holes located in the wall of the bottom of the drive 2, which ensures their fixation in a vertical position with the installation of the inlet 6 of the pipe 5 at a bottom of the cavity of the drive 2 and the outlet 7 of the pipe 4 at a predetermined height relative to the opening 6 of the pipe 5. Pipeline 4 contains water-to-air shutter in the form of a steep section 8. The pipeline 5 includes water-to-air shutter in the form of a U-shaped trough 9, the bottom of which is mounted above the lower part of the vertical section 8 of the pipeline 4. Hole 10 of the intake end of the pipe 4 is installed in the water supply source, and the aperture 11 of the exhaust end pipes of the wire 5 above level 12 free surface water supply source.

Preparing the device for work performed during daylight hours when air temperature has not reached the maximum value. The outlet 7 of the pipe 4 is fixed at a height h relative to the inlet 6 of the pipe 5. For drive 2 has a cylindrical shape

h=V/S,

where V is volume required daily dose of water drained to the point of watering;

S - size of the base of the drive 2.

On a floating support 13 is placed the container 14 with plants, the camera 1 and the discharge end of the pipe 5. Under floating support 13 - pipeline 3 and the drive 2. Lower drive 2 are steep section 8 of the pipeline 4 and U-shaped trough 9 of the pipeline 5. Hole 10 of the intake end of the pipe 4 is fixed in the source of water supply for small depth, which eliminates the entrainment of silt from the bottom, and is draining the water (as burdening ballast)input into the reservoir 2 from the water source. Draining procedure is the injection into the drive 2 air through the opening 11 of the pipeline 5 to education in communicating cavities of the drive 2 and the camera 1 air pressure above atmospheric pressure on the water column, maximum height of which shall not exceed the height difference between the level 12 of the free surface of the water in the water source and the lower part of the steep Uch is SDA 8 pipeline 4, and the minimum must be greater than the difference in height between the level of installation holes 11 of the pipe 5 and the lower part of the trough 9 of the pipeline 5. The pipe 5 is detached from the pump (not shown in figure 1) and through the hole 11 of the pipe 5 will begin to expire on draining the water that is displaced from the drive 2 of injected air. After draining the water pumped air will go into the atmosphere, the pressure in the communicating cavities of the drive 2 and the camera 1 will decrease and drive 2 for piping 4 will receive water from the water source, after which the pipe 5 will overlap the air outlet to the atmosphere and to prevent admission of water into the drive 2. Then the outlet end of the pipe 5 is supplied to the point of root watering plants through the locking hole located on the bottom wall of the container 14.

The device operates as follows. The heat exchange chamber 1 with the environment leads to a lowering of the temperature of air in the chamber 1 at night and higher during the day. At night, the cooling in the chamber 1, the air is compressed, which leads to flow into the chamber 1 of the air from the drive 2, the flow in the drive 2 water pipeline 4 from the water source and entrainment in the U-shaped trough 9 of the pipeline 5 atmospheric air. U-shaped trough 9 Truboprovod 5 turns into water without the used shutter, not allowing atmospheric air to enter into the drive 2. When the cooling of the air in the chamber 1 is stopped, the drive 2 is filled with water to a level above the installation level of the outlet opening 7 of the pipeline 4. When the temperature of the air in the chamber 1 upwards will increase the volume of air in the chamber 1, accompanied by a flow of air into the drive 2 and the water drained from the drive 2 in the source water pipeline 4. After declining in the drive 2 water level to the level of installation of the outlet 7 of the pipeline 4 into the hole 7 of the pipe 4 will be air, steep section 8 of the pipe 4 will turn into a water-to-air shutter, not allowing the air to come out, and will begin the process of draining a given daily dose of water through the pipe 5 into the root zone of plants. When the water level in the drive 2 will be reduced to the level of installation of the inlet 6 of the pipe 5 into the hole 6 of the pipe 5 will be air, U-shaped trough 9 of the pipe 5 will turn into a water-to-air shutter, not allowing the air to come out, and draining the water from the drive 2 will stop. Thus, the accumulation of water in the tank 2 in the night and the drain of a given dose of water in the root system of plants in the daytime will be repeated automatically.

The device has to wear is mportant design and simple in operation. Provides choice of irrigation doses of water in a wide range. Operation is not affected by the presence of salts and bacterial slime in irrigation water. Resolves the problem of masking an air chamber under decoration decorative pond or its Bank and secretive installation of other parts of the device. This technical solution is an experimental prototype, the operation of which confirms the above-mentioned advantages of the proposed device.

1. Automatic watering containing air chamber and a water tank with the included inlet end of the drain line and an outlet end of the suction pipe, the discharge end of the drain pipe is installed above the level of the free surface water source, the suction end of the suction pipe is lowered into the water supply source, characterized in that the air chamber and water tank exploded in space, the air chamber is communicated with the upper part of the drive water through a pipeline in the drive water hole inlet end of the drain line is located below the openings of the outlet end of the suction pipe, the outer portion of the suction pipe is equipped with air shutter, which represents a vertical section, the outer part of the discharge pipe f is s air shutter representing the U-shaped trough.

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the lower part of the vertical section of the suction pipe below the bottom of the U-shaped trough the drain line.

3. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the air chamber contains a thin-walled shell.

4. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the air chamber attached to the form, creating a visual image elements.



 

Same patents:

Dripper // 2280356

FIELD: agriculture; drop irrigation.

SUBSTANCE: proposed dripper has housing with inlet and outlet. Spherical protection chamber is made on inner surface of inlet, outlet hole arranged coaxially relative to chamber, and channels. Channels are made in form of de Laval nozzles cut along axis whose diverging parts pint to spherical protection chamber. Diaphragm provided with holes is installed for displacement over spherical protection chamber, outlet hole and channels. Dripper has upper threaded cover, float, circular chamber, additional diaphragm and lower threaded cover. Upper threaded cover is provided with inlet hole. Inner space of upper threaded cover is made conical float in form of hollow ball is freely fitted over diaphragm. Circular chamber is made concentrically to outlet hole and spherical protection chamber on bottom part of housing inlet. Circular chamber communicates with spherical protection chamber by converging parts of channels made in form of de Laval nozzles cut along axis. Main and additional diaphragms are of equal size and identical design. Holes in each diaphragm are made with displacement towards circular periphery edge. Inlet hole in upper threaded cover, outlet hole of housing and drain hole in lower threaded cover are coaxial. Replaceable diffuser is fitted in drain hole of lower threaded cover. Widened part diffuser is pointed towards additional diaphragm. Said widened part of diffuser has ring edge interrupted by radially orientated cuts. Depth of cuts and height of diffuser are at ratio of 1:(3-8). Lower cover is furnished with litter trap under additional diaphragm. It is arranged at housing outlet and is installed for displacement. Ring edge of diffuser is mated with additional diaphragm from rear side.

EFFECT: provision of uniform rate of watering and reliability of drop irrigation.

7 cl, 1 dwg

The invention relates to agriculture

The invention relates to the field of agriculture

The invention relates to agriculture, particularly the cultivation of plants in greenhouses

Device for watering // 2108027
The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to the mechanization of irrigation, and can be used for irrigation of agricultural crops by discrete supply of water in the hydration pockets

The invention relates to the field of crop production, namely, equipment for growing plants in greenhouses and can be used for irrigation of greenhouses

The invention relates to agricultural irrigation, in particular for pulse irrigation, and can be used for irrigation of orchards and vineyards

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to reclamation and can be used for irrigation of greenhouse and other agricultural crops. The method of irrigation is carried out by automatic periodic flooding. Water is formed by condensation of vapour in the pressure tank. Part of the time the tank is filled to the desired level, and then opens and actuates. The perforated tube with openings is used as the humidifier. The tube is mounted vertically in the area of root habitable plant mass, and the water is fed to it from droppers. The droppers are attached to the distribution pipe. The pressure tank is attached to the cooling radiator for heating greenhouse premises with simultaneous cooling and condensing vapour.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of irrigation with simultaneous removal of salts from water and heating the greenhouse premises is provided.

4 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture and land reclamation. The method comprises supplying water to irrigated land of the irrigation rate, providing moistening of the estimated soil layer without the flow of irrigation water into the groundwater. At that, between moistened layer and groundwater a layer is formed of granular hydrophobic material with grains of not less than 5 mm. The upper layer of soil in the irrigated area during the inter-irrigation period is maintained in moistened condition by finely sprinkling irrigation.

EFFECT: method enables to reduce the risk of soil salinisation with close level of occurrence of mineralised groundwater in the absence of the ability of making drainage by breaking the capillary pores and stopping the movement of groundwater to the root-zone soil layer, and to prevent desiccation of the upper layer of soil in the inter-irrigation period.

1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. In the method the plant protection unit is operated, which consists of the vehicle and the sprayer with nozzles for spraying agent of protection. The operation of the movement of plant protection unit is performed by the onboard computer with the navigation system in accordance with coordinates of the route inputted in the onboard computer. The operation of spraying is carried out by using the nozzles of the sprayer in untreated areas of the field. At that operation of spraying is carried out by using the nozzle of the sprayer in untreated contaminated areas of the field to be sprayed - the contaminated area. The operation of the plant protection unit, movement and choice of the route geometry of movement, positioning accuracy of the unit on the route, the length of the rod, the number of nozzles on the rod, the radius of nozzle discharge pattern, the criterion for inclusion of the nozzles and operation of spraying is carried out with a minimum of environmental damage, and power resources costs of the plant protection unit, taking into account the spatial position of the contaminated zones and field configuration for a given precision of navigation and the system of determining the geographical coordinates.

EFFECT: method enables to minimise environmental damage and power resources costs for operation of the plant protection unit by reducing the length of the route of movement of the unit on sites including the contamination zones.

4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. In the method the plant protection unit is operated, which consists of the vehicle and the sprayer with nozzles for spraying agent of protection. The operation of the movement of plant protection unit is performed by the onboard computer with the navigation system in accordance with coordinates of the route inputted in the onboard computer. The operation of spraying is carried out by using the nozzles of the sprayer in untreated areas of the field. At that operation of spraying is carried out by using the nozzle of the sprayer in untreated contaminated areas of the field to be sprayed - the contaminated area. The operation of the plant protection unit, movement and choice of the route geometry of movement, positioning accuracy of the unit on the route, the length of the rod, the number of nozzles on the rod, the radius of nozzle discharge pattern, the criterion for inclusion of the nozzles and operation of spraying is carried out with a minimum of environmental damage, and power resources costs of the plant protection unit, taking into account the spatial position of the contaminated zones and field configuration for a given precision of navigation and the system of determining the geographical coordinates.

EFFECT: method enables to minimise environmental damage and power resources costs for operation of the plant protection unit by reducing the length of the route of movement of the unit on sites including the contamination zones.

4 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: automated check outlet conduit comprises a lock installed on a water-outlet hole on a horizontal axis of rotation, a control chamber with an elastic shell, communicated with reaches, a valve connected with a level sensor, limiters of the control range. The automated check water outlet is equipped with a stem for fixation of the range of discrete control within wide limits, having a movable float level sensor. The control chamber is equipped with an outlet nozzle, on which there is a magnet for valve fixation. At the same time limiters of the control range are made in the form of fixators, one of which is arranged in the upper part of the stem above the movable float level sensor, and the other ones are arranged above the outlet nozzle of the control chamber.

EFFECT: expanded control range and stabilisation of device operation under various heads.

3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention concerns agriculture, particularly, a suspension bracket for a self-propelled agricultural sprinkling machine. A vehicle comprises a frame, a bridge and a suspension bracket. The suspension bracket comprises at least one pair of connecting traction rods. The pair of traction rods, when looked at from the tops, forms "X", and when looked at the side, the rods are parallel to each other. The suspension bracket comprises the first upper pair and the first lower pair of connecting traction rod supports. The upper pair is located in the middle between the opposite ends of the bridge and is located between the lower pair of the traction rod supports. The second upper pair and the second lower pair of supports of connecting traction rods are installed on the main frame. Some ends of the upper pair of connecting traction rods are connected with several ones of the first upper pairs of the traction rod supports, the other ones - with several ones from the second upper pairs of traction rod supports. Some ends of the pair of lower traction rods are connected with several ones of the first lower pairs of the traction rod supports. Other ends are connected with several ones of the second lower pairs of the traction rod supports. The first and second upper pairs of traction rod supports are arranged so that one traction rod from the pair of upper connecting traction rods jointly with one traction rod from the specified pair of the lower connecting traction rods form "X". The other traction rod of the pair of upper traction rods jointly with the other traction rod from the pair of lower traction rods form "X". The suspension bracket comprises at least one pair of connecting traction rods, jointly with each other forming "X", when looked at from the top, in which the first ends are connected with the bridge, and the second ends are connected with the frame. The first and second ends of traction rods are arranged relative to each other so that at least one pair of traction rods is parallel.

EFFECT: invention provides for development of a wheel suspension bracket for a vehicle, which eliminates problems related to movement of rear wheels strictly in a track of front ones, when a bridge swings along an arc relative to points of fixation of a stabiliser of transverse stability.

4 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method includes intermittent flooding of rice checks, water supply to rice crops is carried out in the form of asymmetrical triangular impulses regulated in space and time, reducing the bare soil moisture between the impulses is not allowed below 85% of the total water capacity (TWC), the program distribution of water in the irrigation network between the consumers is carried out on schedule by assigning time intervals of water supply to each of them on the parameters of the regulated impulse, which are determined by the following formulas: - The height of the impulse (water layer), hL;hL=σ+Δh, mm, where: σ is mean-square deviation of the roughness on the surface of checks, mm; Δh is a layer of water, ensuring flooding of high areas on the check and creating a favourable thermal regime of the soil, mm, it is assigned equal: in a phase of the "shoots-tillering" - 60 mm, in the phase of formation of the embryonic panicle - 100 mm; - The duration of the water supply to create a given impulse height, t1: t1=(hL/q)·α, day, where: q is a hydromodule of flooding equal to 100 mm/day; α is coefficient taking into account evaporation losses equal to about 1.05; - Duration of drawdown of the water layer in a natural way through evapotranspiration (E) and filtration (F) t2: t2=hL/(E+F), day; - Duration of bare soil between impulses t3: t3=0,15(hL+ω)E+F,  day, where : ω is humidity at which its water-keeping is close to 0, and the transpiration intensity is not reduced, for loamy soils it was found to be 85% TWC - The amount of strokes of water circulation N on the economic distributor is defined by the formula: N=Ttot/t1 where: Ttot is the total duration of the impulse, day.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of use of water resources.

1 cl, 4 tbl, 1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, in particular, to mechanisation of watering and can be used for irrigation of agricultural crops by discrete (impulse) water supply in the centers of moistening. The set of locally-impulse watering comprises a storage container, a feeding tube with tap, a siphon with the drain outlet, a receiver-collector and irrigation pipes with water outlets. The water outlets are made in the form of microtubes connected with the inlet ends to the irrigation pipes, and with the outlet ends - with the atmosphere. The irrigation pipes are located below the outlet ends of the microtubes. The receiver-collector cavity is hermetically connected to the drain outlet of the siphon. The upper and lower ends of the receiver-collector are communicated respectively with the atmosphere above the level of the drain outlet of the siphon and with the irrigation pipes at the level of the irrigated area.

EFFECT: increased reliability and efficiency of operation of the set and uniform distribution of irrigation water through the water outlets.

3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture, in particular, to reclamation. The method includes planting seeds or seedlings of vegetable crops and their vegetative irrigation with electroactivated aqueous solutions - anolyte and catholyte. The first irrigation after planting is carried out with the activated aqueous solution of anolyte and catholyte at their ratio (70:30)-(80:20). The subsequent irrigations are carried out with the activated aqueous solution of with the ratio of anolyte and catholyte (30:70)-(20:80). At that after the first irrigation with the activated solution one irrigation with light water is carried out, and the subsequent irrigations with the said solutions are alternated with irrigations with light water so that one irrigation with the activated aqueous solution is accounted for two irrigations with light water with the predetermined irrigation norm. Prior to mixing the components of the activated water the anolyte pH is 3.2-4.7, and the catholyte pH is 10.5-12.0.

EFFECT: method enables to improve the quality of vegetable produce and increase productivity, reduce energy consumption and improve the environmental friendliness of the process, and also reduce the consumption of activated aqueous solutions during irrigation.

2 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture and land reclamation. The method includes division of sloping areas to at least two levels, performing the preparatory works associated with digging and displacement the soil to create the limited amounts on the areas of different levels. And on the sloping and divided to sections areas the diking is made with the creation of the reservoir for moisture collection located upward the irrigated areas. Then in spring period of thawing of soil to the depth of 0.5-0.8 height of topsoil the water is released from the reservoir into the lower irrigated diked areas with its uniform distribution on the irrigated areas. The moisture collection in the reservoirs located at a higher level is carried out throughout the year with use of underwater channels and trays made in the soil.

EFFECT: method provides long-term conservation of water and physical soil properties when used effectively.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, equipment for drop irrigation of farm crops.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has cylindrical casing with inlet and outlet openings. Cylindrical casing has threaded covers and body. Valve and elastic cuff are movably positioned inside cavity of cylindrical casing. Apparatus is further equipped with additional cuff. Main and additional cuffs are provided with orifices. Valve is made in the form of concavo-concave lens arranged in spherical belt. Valve is manufactured from material having density smaller than density of water, in particular, valve may be made from cork of 0.2-0.3 t/m3 density. Valve is arranged in casing between cuffs and is adapted for alternating contacting through cuffs with projections oppositely arranged inside casing cavity. Projections are made in the form of spherical segments, with radius of spheres of segments being smaller than radius of spheres of concavo-concave valve lens. Difference between radii of projection sphere and that of spheres of concavo-concave valve lens is equal to thickness of elastic cuffs. Channels on apexes of cover and casing projections are extending in radial direction toward inlet and outlet openings.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and enhanced reliability in operation.

4 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: forestry, particularly for fighting fires in high-capacity and medium-capacity peat beds.

SUBSTANCE: drainage system includes a number of water drainage channels with control-and-shutoff valves, manifold with drain lines connected thereto and intercepting channel located above drained peat bed and communicated with water inlet. Intercepting channel is provided with control-and-shutoff means to accumulate surface water flow and to create water reserve. Intercepting channel is connected with manifold head part by means of pipeline having valve gate. Manifold is provided with movable partition. Intercepting channel has antifiltering shield.

EFFECT: possibility of fire localization without operation stoppage and without underflooding surrounding territories and, as result, reduced economic losses.

2 dwg

Ameliorative system // 2245616

FIELD: amelioration and water supply system.

SUBSTANCE: ameliorative system has irrigation, water supplying systems and discharge systems, water intake and detachable backwater regulating constructions. Ameliorative system is equipped with flexible collecting tanks-enclosures connected with drainage systems-sedimentation tanks equipped with membranes-type filters and moistener-type filters. Cassette filters are arranged along perimeter of massif to be irrigated to provide for delivery of clean water into water intake. Water supplying systems are furnished with closure system for preventing water evaporation and with metrological analyzers adapted for determining quality of inflow water delivered into water intake and of discharge water.

EFFECT: increased efficiency by avoiding violation to ecological balance of basic agricultural landscape.

1 dwg

FIELD: agricultural amelioration.

SUBSTANCE: method involves cutting furrows by means of tillage tool; supplying water or liquid fertilizer into furrow and covering furrow with soil; before plowing, providing deep plowing of field to be irrigated to 1.1-1.4 m depth, with space between adjacent plowing zones being within the range of 1.1-1.4 m; providing direction of tillage during plowing within the range of 15-45 deg with respect to following plowing directions during forming of furrows by means of tillage tool. Water or liquid fertilizer is supplied by flooding or during advancement of mobile unit equipped with vessel for transportation and distribution of said liquids.

EFFECT: uniform distribution of fertilizers applied, reduced power consumption, simplified labor management and increased ecological safety of animal sewage water and solved organic fertilizers applied into soil.

6 dwg

Up!