Method of safe landing of armoured vehicles in combat zone
FIELD: aircraft engineering.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method consists in that drone is launched from landing ship before unshipping armoured vehicles and controlled from remote control station arranged at ship deck. Optical IR reconnaissance hardware of the drone and onboard radar with synthesized aperture are used to locate enemy aircraft, ships and submarines and to transmit defined coordinated via radio lines to remote control station and, therefrom, to friendly armoured vehicles and high-speed boats to destroy enemy airborne and water equipment. Results of fire delivered to the enemy are controlled by said drone and transmitted to landing ship remote control station.
EFFECT: efficient combat actions, survivorship of landing ship.
The invention relates to the issues (problems) of delivery, transfer in surface position of special equipment including armored vehicles in an area of combat operations using vessels (e.g., amphibious ships), and specifically relates to a method of dropping armor in a combat zone with the provision of self-preservation and safety afloat.
The known method of water dropping armored vehicles in a combat zone on landing ships dock type Mistral with docking camera to accommodate a landing craft and cargo deck to accommodate vehicles. According to this way of shipping vehicles to the place of warfare is carried out using four displacement tankodesantniki boats LCT or two landing craft air cushion LCAC placed into the docking chamber assault ship. To exit the landing craft from the ship make the filling dock camera with water prior to their ascent. After the boats, armored vehicles moved into the docking chamber without water, from which the ramp goes to the landing boats (one tank on the boat for transportation to shore. When you approach the shore boats open the ramp and armor goes with boats. Then the boat returned to the ship and the operation of loading and delivery of armored vehicles to the shore again .
P is edlagaemoe way  the scheme of the landing has significant drawbacks, consisting in the following. For the landing of all vehicles included in 13 units)posted on amphibious assault ship Mistral, you will need 4 flights displacement boats or 7 flights of hovercrafts. Given that landing ship most safely done in the area, not shooting long-range coastal artillery (35-40 km from the coast), the time required wodoslawsky boats (with a speed of about 14 knots) for 4 flights (including the time spent on loading and unloading of vehicles)shall not be less than 12 hours. Parking the vehicle in this case will be even greater due to the need of setting boats on the ship and pumping water from the docking camera. Transportation tanks on boats that do not have self-defense will require their constant defense from blows of air attack (VSS) and surface ships, and amphibious ships from torpedo attack submarines. It should be noted that the approach of the displacement of the boat to the shore is not always possible (heavy enemy fire from the shore, shallow water or various obstacles in the water). It is also unclear assignment 4 planted on the shore tanks: they can either fight, or wait for the landing of the other tanks.
There is also known a method of water dropping armored vehicles in the zone of combat actions is to ensure self-preservation and safety afloat , consisting in the fact that pre-equip the armor special craft, the dimensions of which are chosen first, the conditions for entering vehicles with boats on the troop ship, the best on hydrodynamics, terrain, land, and ensure the flooding at full load and flooding corps armored water, and secondly, from the condition give tanks seaworthiness, and amphibious vehicles improving performance, providing safe swimming in any sea state, while retaining the possibility of movement of vehicles with boats on land, loading tanks on landing craft carry Samosata armor on the ramp or ramps landing ship, deliver armored vehicles landing ship in the coastal zone of hostilities, similarly h unload the vehicles with amphibious ship directly to water, exercise self-moving armored vehicles with boats in surface position to the place of warfare, while her self-defense against airborne threats and surface ships, placing this on the deck of the craft removable anti-aircraft machine-guns and man-portable air defence systems (MANPADS) Needle-type" for defense breetain the key from the means of air attack, as well as placing them on the deck of the floating means anti-tank missile (ATGM) is a type of "cornet" for protection against tanks, ensure the defense of armored vehicles from submarines, which are placed on a troop ship and, if necessary, release the water speed boat able to carry out a torpedo attack, place on the deck of the watercraft service-domestic module, mounted on the deck of the craft mine path for the transport of anti-ship mines and cargo trucks, carried out with the landing ship coordination and control of combat actions used vehicles, equipped vessels, provide with several objects armored vehicles left the ship on water protection airborne vehicle parked and when driving at low speeds.
The disadvantage of a water landing vehicles in the area of warfare to ensure self-preservation and safety afloat is the fact that for a successful defense of the objects of vehicles (ABOUT) and defence landing craft necessary information about the location of enemy targets for proactive discovery of fire and launch torpedoes. It is assumed that the detection of enemy targets (surface ships, submarines, VSS) are themselves objects of armored vehicles. However, their intelligence prob is gnosti are limited, and at night the Autonomous detection of their surface and air targets of the enemy at all doubtful. When used for target designation information ship radar station (radar staff the station landing ship) she is in danger of being attacked by anti-radar missiles (PI) from Board of VSS. Therefore, it is necessary to offer a different technique (approach) for the detection of enemy air and surface assets. Additionally, the lack of objective monitoring of the results of shooting MANPADS, ATGW and torpedoing leads to unreasonable waste of ammunition, missiles and torpedoes.
The objective of the invention is to modernize the way water landing vehicles in the area of warfare to ensure self-preservation and safety afloat, leading to timely, reliable, proactive detection of air and surface targets of the enemy for destruction by fire and torpedoes aboard speedboats, without impairing the vitality landing ship.
To achieve the technical result it is proposed to increase (improve) the known method of water dropping armored vehicles in the area of warfare to ensure self-preservation and safety afloat several operations, SV is related to the use of unmanned aircraft namely:
- before discharge ABOUT with landing ship (DK) from the deck DK start with a special starter unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), driven deck with remote (ppdu);
using optical, infrared reconnaissance equipment UAV and airborne radar with synthetic aperture [3-7] find VSS, surface ships and submarines, determine their coordinates, pass them along the lines of wireless communication (radio) in PPB, and with him - and ABOUT the speedboat employed for the destruction of aircraft and surface equipment of the enemy;
- carry on Board UAV control of the results of firing at the enemy, the results of which are passed by means of wireless communication with ppdu landing ship.
The technical effect that can be achieved with the implementation of the invention is to increase the number of destroyed aircraft and surface targets of the enemy, in a possible reduction of spent ammunition, missiles and torpedoes, to shorten landing in terms of combating the enemy.
The method is illustrated in the drawing. The drawing shows a diagram explaining the procedure for landing and fighting with the opposing submarines, surface ships and VSS.
Ways the landing of vehicles in an area of combat operations is as follows.
On landing ship 1 make loading Samosata objects 2 armor, equipped vessels. The procedure of equipping vessels and relevant distinctive features explained in detail in .
Example of placement of vehicles on the troop ship is hosted in DK type Mistral next number of units armament: 12 tanks T-72B tank, 10 self-propelled anti-tank guns (SPTP) SPTP-S, 10 infantry fighting vehicles (IFV), including, for example, 5 T-72B tank and 5 SPTP-S can be placed into the docking chamber . It is possible to simultaneously carry with them up to 10 vehicles weighing up to 4 tons and the required number of boats 3 and up to 900 troops. The craft contains two water-permeable side of the pontoon, the cavity of which is filled with light filler (for example, a polyurethane foam with additives which reduce the hygroscopicity and Flammability), providing buoyancy and unsinkability. A fore end of the pontoon is pointed in the front and is made with elevation above the deck . The nasal tip is rotatable with swivel mount on the deck and fixed on the bottom, to ensure the possibility of reducing the length of the pontoon when placing equipment on landing ship 1 in docking the camera or on the cargo deck . The bottom of the pontoon doing flat with a smooth transition to wedge the th rise in the fore and aft ends. The cheekbone outer side is rounded. The connection of the deck with the external Board is made with rounding to reduce Bryzgalova. Aft pontoons provides a deep tunnel for placement of the propeller nozzle and steering stabilizer. Below deck pontoons placed the fuel tank. The pontoon is attached to each object of vehicles 2 through the nose and aft attachment points. Also provided emergency bow mount. Between the pontoons in front of the subject vehicles 2 is the wing to create lift forces from the flow of water and divert it under a fore end of the armored vehicles. The inner cavity of the wing is filled with lightweight filler, such as polyurethane foam. The wing is fixed to the inner sides of the pontoons with the possibility of installing and fixing in various positions along the height and angle of attack depending on the load. Between feeding extension pontoons for body armor 2 are located aft insert with light filler, which is fixed to the inner sides of the pontoons . On the aft deck boats install rails with hinged bulletproof shields, splash curtains and doors for crew access.
In the area of the guard railings are two removable anti-aircraft gun, launching missiles is ATGW type "cornet", seats for landing, the mine path for the transport of anti-ship mines and cargo trucks, and portable anti-aircraft missile complex Needle-type", "Igla-1" [8 P80-86] or a variant of this complex sentry [8 p.87-88], in which the arrows-anti-aircraft gunner is placed in the rotational chair and manually performs over twin missile launchers MANPADS on the enemy target.
In addition, on the deck of the pontoons place combat torpedo tubes or auxiliary (additional) military equipment carried in the combat zone. Such techniques include cars, boats, etc. On the deck of the pontoons and feed inserts install easily removable service-domestic modules . To install the module in the deck of the pontoon and feed inserts provide apertures (slots), which inserted into the tubular support module providing clearance between the bottom of the module and the deck of the pontoons and feed inserts to the water flow.
Service consumer module provide for the placement of instrumentation and control station radar station (radar), radio communication, navigation, drop hydroacoustic stations, as well as to 4-8 berths, galley and sanitary equipment. On the roof of the module set sabaliauskas the mast to accommodate the radar antenna and lighting equipment.At the approach of the DC type 1 Mistral LZ make the release of the objects of armored vehicles (agents) of the docking camera amphibious vehicle on the ramp 8 is directly on the water. Landing ship may or may not have a docking camera, because the objects are vehicles equipped vessels. In this arrangement the output ABOUT the water produced from the cargo deck ramps through the bow or stern outputs DK. As an example in the drawing shows the output of the tank with the pontoons at the stern side of the DC.
Released to the water with DK objects armored vehicles provide independent movement of water in the area of warfare. On the way of movement on the water objects provide defense from VSS 6 and surface ships 10 opponent. Using light speed torpedo boats issued with landing ship, provided torpedo (torpedo attack) enemy submarines 4. Additionally, the objects of armored vehicles and boats protect the DK 1 from VSS 6, surface ships 10, submarines 4 and the coastal forces of the enemy. To protect DK 1 attached to the anchor (in the Parking lot), and when it is driven at low speed (up to 8-10 knots) armor out of the water. At speeds landing ship more than 10 knots protection type ship Mistral several objects of vehicles (for example, When TA) is conducted directly from the deck of the ship, why open ramp dock the camera and hold it in a horizontal position. Here the objects of vehicles partially out of the docking camera on the ramp and firing on the enemy from standard weapons tanks or SPTP in fodder area . Torpedo boats out on the water in any of the options. Besides the torpedo tubes can be placed directly on the stern landing ship.
For timely detection of enemy targets, which include VSS 6, ships, 10, submarines, 4, etc, use a light UAV . The possibility of effective use of unmanned aircraft as a source of intelligence information confirmed by the experience of fighting in recent local wars and armed conflicts [10, 11].
So, simultaneously with the unloading of ABOUT 2 DK 1 with his deck with a special starter start easy BLAH 7, which moves into the zone of special danger and barroilhet, carrying out reconnaissance of the area of the landing. For reconnaissance use optical and infrared, and radar with synthetic aperture [3-7]. During reconnaissance UAV 7 carries out the detection of VSS in the air space in the most dangerous direction or round. The discovery process is marked on the drawing bold dotted broken line arrow on the anzah. UAVS equipped with data transmission equipment on ppdu. Information about the coordinates, the number and types detected VSS comes to ppdu, and with him on MANPADS to organize shooting VSS managed MANPADS missiles.
Use to detect VSS funds BLAH 7 provides stealth and survivability DK. In the case of radar landing ship VSS can find the source of the radiation of radio waves and suppress it with the PI. However, UAVS can radiate radio frequency signals for a short time (20-30 sec) and then switch to passive bearing optical or infrared channel, changing their position (away from the PI). In this case, he will be invulnerable to the PI and will retain its functionality.
Information about the coordinates and the direction of the approaching VSS vital arrow-zeitchik MANPADS, since the presence of such a target detection probability of VSS in the far zone detection  increases. The arrow easier to search for enemy THREAT. It is possible to predict the flow of missiles for different purposes. In the absence of accurate information about the number of VSS part of the rockets shot-zenitchikam may be spent unnecessarily.
Simultaneously with the detection of VSS BLAH 7 carries out the detection surface 10 ships and submarines 4 on the surface periscope-depth and submerged. Coordinates displays gennych surface 10 ships and submarines 4 also transmitted BLAH on ppdu, and with him on the means of communication (data transmission equipment) - on sailing and motor boats. This allows tanks, SPTP and BMP to choose the right route, to focus fire on the most dangerous order, and the boats ahead of submarines at the beginning (time) torpedo attacks, or to be in readiness for its immediate implementation. In the prototype  detection of targets (ships, submarines) were placed on the boats themselves and ABOUT. It is obvious that the detection performance from a great height from the UAV Board with equipment exploration and data transmission, far superior detection performance goals and ABOUT the boats from the water surface, as provided in the prototype . Besides BLAH 7 can determine the results of shooting and torpedoing correcting these processes and preventing undue consumption, additional ammunition and missiles.
Advanced UAV 7 conducts a reconnaissance of the coastal forces of the enemy, the construction features of the coastal zone defense and passes this information to PDU for decision-making and make recommendations on choosing the most appropriate landfall and the adoption of measures to suppress the enemy firing points on the shore with ABOUT coordinate coastal firing points and strong points of the enemy.
According to the method (as in the prototype) Parking time of the vehicle, the required length is exit ON with DK is minimized due to the fact, that all ABOUT with boats out on the water at the same time (with cargo and paratroopers), without filling the docking camera with water for 15-20 minutes. Considering targeting from PDO objects armored reliable self-defense from VSS, surface ships, submarines and coastal forces of the enemy through the use of standard weapons and more weapons that are placed on boats, including anti-submarine warfare. Landed ABOUT are less vulnerable than JC: the area visible in the plan ABOUT 10-12 times less space landing craft or 100 times smaller than the visible area of the small anti-submarine boats (IPC) project 133. Movement by sea is relatively safe: high seaworthiness provide ABOUT the safe navigation with unlimited sea (with craft not turn over and does not sink even under full load and filling the hull of an armored water); the personnel are not prone to sea-sickness, pitching is practically absent. With the threat of flooding DK obtained from holes ABOUT, equipped boats, have direct access to the Palace of culture, providing the rescue Marines and crew members, and reducing the load on the vehicle when the vehicles with cargo promotes longer finding DK afloat. Output ABOUT with boats n the shore, occupied by the enemy, safer than approach landing boats to the shore and out of the tank from the boat. Objects armored vehicles with boats can go ashore at a much greater wave, can overcome the shallows, shoals, keep the fire from all kinds of standard weapons, and use weapons that are placed on boats. When landfall ABOUT may be exempted from boats (opening the locks on the attachment points of the craft is carried out remotely from a special panel of the driver). If necessary, the development of the attack into the enemy's defences on land in areas with water barriers ABOUT moving, not dumping vessels (cargo and troops).
The use of UAVS as a means of exploration is today known technique, ensuring the highest performance with the lowest material costs. The increase in the activity of using UAVS in contemporary armed conflicts can confirm the following facts. During operation "desert Storm" (1991) used only 1 type of BLAH. In the conflict in the Balkans (1999) recorded on 6 types of UAVS. In operations in Afghanistan (2001) - 3 type, and during the Iraq events of 2003 - already 10 types of UAVS. Increase the applicability of the UAV can even be seen by the number lost in fights AIDS. During the war with Yugoslavia troops on edinennogo command (according to the foreign press) lost in the amount of 48 BLAH. USA lost 17 units: Predator - 3 PCs, Hunter - 9 units, Pioneer - 4 pieces, unspecified type 1 stermaria lost 7 CL-289. The loss of France amounted to 3 BLAH observer for battlefield Crecerelle. Britain lost 14 BLAH Phoenix.
In operation Indomitable freedom (Afghanistan, 2001) the U.S. air force used UAV Predator, Global Hawk and Desert Hawk. 2 months of fighting were lost 2 UAV Predator. Three type of BLAH were different sizes, functions and characteristics of flight. Unmanned Global Hawk performed the functions of strategic intelligence, Predator was used as shock LA, wearing and using missiles of Hellfire. the Apparatus Desert Hawk weighing about 2 kg were observed and video forces and objects from a height up to 150 m in a radius of up to 9 km
Among the UAVS used by the USA in Iraq, the army exploited by Hunter, Pointer and Shadow 200; marine corps - Dragon Eye and Pioneer, BBC-Global Hawk, Predator and Predator-B. In the war against Iraq (2003), only the US was involved about 50 BLAH. The media noted that UAV RQ-1 Predator attacked and destroyed 12 enemy targets.
During the hostilities in Yugoslavia United national forces used 5 units BLAH "Predator", the squad BLAH "Hunter", the battery BLAH LC-289, battery BLAH "Crecerelle". Detachment "Predator" included 4 BLAH. He solved the problem of intelligence, laser illumination, targeting, evaluation of the results of shock. Detachment "Hunter"that operated at night, on the chal 8 BLAH. Battery UAV CL-289 (Germany) consisted of 16 units and provide observation over the army camps, photography areas, assessment of impacts. French battery BLAH SV included 4 BLAH Crecerelle, and 4 UAV CL-289. The battery was used in the control system military intelligence.
Modern UAVS have an impressive intelligence capabilities. The main characteristics of UAVS of various types is given in [9, lie. 230-264], and prospects for the development of unmanned aviation in [11 s-396].
Proposed to be used on DK BLAH belongs to the class of devices short-range or short-range [lie. 225], designed for use in batalona, brigade, divisional, or case management links. The main types of search objects of the enemy with such tactical UAV according to [11 s.226] are:
- search purposes specified in the Executive area;
- barrierefreie in the Executive area;
- the flight of the specified milestone in the combat formations of the enemy;
- the search for targets in a given angular sector;
- the search for targets on the specified route of flight.
When searching purposes specified in Executive area (in this case in the area of the landing) UAV performs the following tasks: search group and single targets in tactical and near the operational depths of the battle array of the enemy; conducting searches;search and detection of surface and underwater targets. Barrierfree in the Executive area includes: monitoring the situation in the tactical depth of the battle array of the enemy; the transfer of intelligence information in real time, near real; the use of radar with synthetic aperture or transparent opto-electronic equipment to view the site without logging in an area of active fire exposure from the enemy.
In Russia there are several options UAV, capable of opto-electronic and radar reconnaissance. This is, for example, airborne reconnaissance complex "Fescue" BLAH-05  or modification of an unmanned aerial vehicle series Eagle [14, 15]. Recently OAO "NII "Pendant" said on the Internet about creating a small complex of reconnaissance and surveillance of the battlefield with a BLAH type "Bee-1" . The objectives of this complex, inter alia, include: exploration of individual and group moving and stationary objects day and night with their definition of the coordinate designation means fire damage, etc. the complex includes both the UAV and the remote that corresponds to the claimed technical solution. But the most important is the presence in the list of products of JSC "NII "Pendant" radar with synthetic aperture (otherwise known sideward-looking) . Specifies that the data is uniform the s radar with synthetic aperture 4th generation type "Abstrakzia" and "Kid-e are designed to accommodate different types of aircraft, including aircraft light aircraft and UAVS. Such a radar with synthetic aperture can be placed inside the fuselage of the aircraft, and in hanging containers.
There are other variants domestic airborne radar with synthetic aperture. For example, the company "Transas Marine system creates for "Watch-100" combination of radar operating in two modes: front (lateral) review with Doppler selection of moving targets in the sector ±60 degrees and mode synthetic aperture . To ensure sector review are encouraged to apply rotary scanning antenna.
Use for reconnaissance radar with synthetic aperture has two global advantages over optical systems. First, the radar provides all-weather intelligence, independence of time of year and day, fog, precipitation, etc. secondly, this mode of exploration allows to detect artificial goals, hidden under the leaves, needles, water and even the earth. This allows to detect radio Wake traces going to the small depth of submarines, as implemented, for example, in radar satellite Lacrosse [11 p.20]. The observed benefits were active use of foreign intelligence BLAH locators with Sintesi vannoy aperture. It is known, for example, that such a radar is already widely used on Board the UAV Predator (RLS TESAR ) or on-Board type UAV MQ-9 Predator-B (radar AN/APY-8 Lynx ).
Thus, the proposed method is technically feasible at the present stage of development of the domestic and foreign aviation and electronics.
Clear advantages of the proposed method of landing vehicles in the area of warfare to ensure self-preservation and safety afloat are the following:
(a) timely (proactive) notification of the number of targets and their coordinates provides the rational consumption of ammunition and increases the effectiveness of fire and torpedoing;
b) use of radar intelligence on Board the UAV provides all-weather held intelligence, increases vitality DK, as it does not use radiation in the air and remains (becomes) inaccessible to the PI;
C) better control over the results of shooting and torpedoing;
g) is suppressed psychological threat to life settlements model armoured vehicles and speedboats due to proactive and not return fire on the enemy; besides onboard UAV staff is absent, and the operator of the UAV on ppdu confidently and calmly manages reconnaissance UAV in the interests of the exploration of the area of the landing.
the sources of information
1. RF patent №2326786, 2008 (analog).
2. RF patent №2424487. IPC F41H 13/00. The way of the landing of vehicles in a combat zone, ensuring defense and security of navigation. Fedoseev L. F. and other Application 2010101530. Priority 20.01.2010. Publ. 20.07.2011 (prototype).
3. Karavaev CENTURIES, Sazonov V.V. fundamentals of theory of the synthesized antenna. M: Owls. radio, 1974. 168 C.
4. Burenin NI Radar station with a synthesized antenna. M: Owls. radio, 1972. 159 C.
5. Radiometrie / Ed. by G.S. Kondratenkova. M: vvia. Zhukovsky, 1997. 422 S.
6. Radar aerial reconnaissance / Ed. by G.S. Kondratenkova. M: Voenizdat, 1983. 152 C.
7. Reutov A.P. Mikhailov B.A., Kondratenko G.S., Boyko BV, Radar side view. M, Owls. radio, 1970.
8. Basil NA, Gurinovich A.L. anti-aircraft missile complexes. Minsk: LLC "Potpourri", 2002. 464 S.
9. Basil NA Unmanned aerial vehicles. Minsk: LLC "Potpourri", 2003. 272 C.
10. Moscow S. p. Aerospace exploration in modern military conflicts. The monograph. Kyiv: Publishing house "RUMB", 2008. 248 C.
11. Menshikov J.K. Types and means of foreign technical intelligence / edited by R.M. Sycheva. M.: Moscow state technical University n.a. AD Bauman. 2009. 656 C.
12. Reference officer air defense / edited by G.B. Zimin. M: Voenizdat, 1981. 421 S.
The way water landing vehicles in the area of warfare to ensure self-preservation and safety afloat, consisting in the fact that pre-equip the armor special craft, the dimensions of which are chosen from the condition for the provision of call of armored vehicles with boats on the troop ship, the best on hydrodynamics, terrain, land, and ensure the flooding at full load and flooding corps armored water, as well as of the conditions giving tanks seaworthiness, and amphibious vehicles - improve seaworthiness, providing safe swimming in any sea state, while retaining the possibility of movement of vehicles with boats on land, loading armored landing craft carry out self-operation of vehicles on the ramp or ramps landing ship, deliver armored vehicles landing ship in the coastal zone of hostilities, similarly h unload the vehicles with amphibious ship directly to water, exercise self-moving armored vehicles with boats on the surface on which ogenyi to the place of warfare, while her self-defense against airborne threats and surface ships, placing this on the deck of the craft removable anti-aircraft guns, portable anti-aircraft missile complexes "Needle" for armored defense against airborne attack, and placing them on the deck of the craft anti-tank missile complex "cornet" for protection against tanks, ensure the defense of armored vehicles from submarines, which are placed on a troop ship and, if necessary, release the water speed boat able to carry out a torpedo attack, place on the deck of the watercraft service-domestic module, mounted on the deck of the craft mine-way for transportation anti-ship mines and cargo trucks, carried out with the landing ship coordination and control of combat actions used vehicles, equipped vessels, provide with several objects armored vehicles left the ship, protecting the landing ship parked and when driving at low speeds, characterized in that before unloading objects armored assault vehicle from the deck amphibious ship launch with a special starter drone controlled from the deck of the remote with the help of the infrared optical reconnaissance equipment unmanned aerial vehicle and its onboard radar with synthetic aperture, find means of air attack, surface ships and submarines, determine their coordinates, pass them along the lines of wireless on deck remote, and with him on the objects of armored vehicles and high-speed boat employed for the destruction of aircraft and surface equipment of the enemy, carry on Board an unmanned aerial vehicle control results firing on the enemy, the results of which are passed by means of wireless communication on deck remote landing ship.
SUBSTANCE: combat orbital nuclear-pumped laser has a resonator, a gas-dynamic channel whose inner surface of the internal wall is coated with a layer which contains uranium 235 nuclei and filled with a working gaseous medium, as well as uranium 235 nuclei embedded into the wall of the channel. The gas-dynamic channel is in form of a nozzle of a combustion chamber of a liquid-propellant engine, the expanding section of which has a circular cross-section in the critical section and a rectangular cross-section in the outlet section with a smooth transition from the circular to the rectangular cross-section. The combustion chamber is mounted to a turbo pump assembly which is connected to a gas generator; the resonator is placed perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the nozzle; a nuclear reactor mounted inside the combustion chamber is used.
EFFECT: high power and combat readiness of the laser.
4 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.
SUBSTANCE: proposed shot comprises weight head with device for attachment on to target and formed current conductor, its one end to be secured at electroshock weapon and another end to be attached to aforesaid head. Formed current conductor and weight head are provided with elastic deformable coating. Shot circumscribed diameter equals that of weight head while formed current conductor ID makes 0.19 mm.
EFFECT: higher reliability, ease of production.
9 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.
SUBSTANCE: combat laser comprises a source of energy, such as a horizontally installed liquid rocket engine with a supersonic nozzle. At the outlet of the nozzle there is an exhaust device installed as capable of rotation. Resonators are installed on the exhaust device and comprise ball hinged joints, providing for rotation of resonators in the vertical plane. The exhaust device is made as capable of regenerative cooling and comprises inner and outer walls. On the inner wall there is a layer of uranium 235, particles of uranium 235 are introduced into the wall itself.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase accuracy of firing, to improve complex endurance, its fighting capacity and fire power.
15 cl, 16 dwg
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.
SUBSTANCE: combat laser contains foundation with laser station mounted on it on the base of gas dynamic laser, note that laser station is made in the form of liquid fuel rocket engine with nozzle that contains subsonic and supersonic parts and critical section on their joint mounted vertically with the possibility of exhausting the combustion products vertically upwards and resonator mounted in critical section on cylindrical hinge.
EFFECT: provision of possibility to increase sighting accuracy, improvement of combat laser survivability, combat readiness, fire power and controllability.
9 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.
SUBSTANCE: mobile target designation and control station comprises self-propelled chassis wit equipment arranged in chassis cabin and control station 4 composed of van with two compartments. Commanders march station and control hardware are located in said chassis cabin. Front manned control station compartment accommodates commander primary control board, automated workstations, power supply control hardware, life support hardware elements, cooling and air conditioning systems, hardware of signal processing and control over active-passive radar complex, ground computer-aided control system of target distribution among launchers, and communication and navigation hardware complex. Unmanned rear compartment 5 accommodates antenna station protected by radio translucent cover. Antennas are mounted at elevator with leveling platform composed of elevator frame articulated at control station rear wall. Control station roof accommodates elevator of mast with hardware of covert narrow-band low-power radio line-of-sight data exchange channel.
EFFECT: expanded operating performances, higher reliability.
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.
SUBSTANCE: combat laser comprises a source of energy and at least one resonator. The source of energy is arranged in the form of a power plant on the basis of a gas turbine engine and comprises an input device, a compressor, a combustion chamber, a turbine and the main shaft. Also the laser comprises a free turbine, the shaft of which is connected with a generator, an exhaust device, which comprises a fixed part and a cylindrical exhaust device arranged as capable of rotation. On the cylindrical exhaust device on a cylindrical hinged joint there is at least one resonator installed as capable of rotation in a vertical plane.
EFFECT: provision of a possibility to increase firepower, accuracy of firing and improved manageability of a combat laser.
9 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.
SUBSTANCE: mobile combat laser contains combat vehicle with laser facility on the base of gas-dynamic laser. Combat vehicle is made based on caterpillar undercarriage, on which there mounted are fuel and oxidiser tanks mounted in armour compartment. Laser facilities is mounted between fuel and oxidiser tanks, installed in armoured cylinder at turning platform and contains liquid-fuel rocket engine with nozzle mounted vertically with the possibility of combustion products exhaust vertically upwards and, at least, one resonator mounted on it on cylindrical hinge at an angle to nozzle axis. The top part of armoured cylinder is closed by top armoured face end, in the centre of which there is a hole by size and form corresponding to nozzle outlet section, at the nozzle extended part and armoured cylinder there are slots for resonator output.
EFFECT: provision of possibility to increase sighting accuracy, improvement of combat laser survivability, combat readiness, fire power and controllability.
8 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.
SUBSTANCE: attack orbital nuclear pumping laser comprises resonator, gas-dynamic channel with layer applied on inner wall internal surface that contains nuclei of uranium 235 filled with working gas medium as well as nuclei of uranium 235 implanted into channel wall. Gas-dynamic channel is composed of liquid propellant rocket engine combustion chamber nozzle with divergent section shaped to ring in throat and rectangle at outlet with smooth transition from ring to rectangle. Combustion chamber is attached to turbo pump unit whereto gas generator is attached. Resonator is secured perpendicular to nozzle axis. Nuclear reactor and heat exchanger are arranged inside combustion chamber. Note here that nuclear reactor and heat exchanger are interconnected by heat carrier circulation feed and discharge pipelines.
EFFECT: higher fire power.
4 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.
SUBSTANCE: attack orbital nuclear pumping laser comprises power source and, at least, one resonator mounted on orbital station. Orbital station features toroidal housing carrying, at least one pair of opposed liquid propellant rocket engines comprising combustion chamber with nuclear reactor and supersonic nozzle furnished with resonators fitted at nozzle diverging section.
EFFECT: higher fire power.
6 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: weapons and ammunition.
SUBSTANCE: cartridge comprises a body made of dielectric material. The cartridge body contains acceleration channels, the channels of passing gas of pyrotechnic energy source of throwing the probes of shot to the accelerating channels, throwing projectiles and pyrotechnic source of throwing energy of these projectiles. The throwing projectiles are located in the accelerating channels, and the source of energy is initiated low-voltage electric voltage. The cartridge additionally comprises a channel and a piston, made with a possibility of its extension along the channel beyond the outer surface of the body when throwing the shot projectiles, and with the ability to lock in the extended position. The remote electric-shock gun comprises a body made of a dielectric material, a source of electrical power, the voltage converter, high voltage generator, an electric fuse, the trigger element and cartridges with throwing projectiles. Each of the cartridges contains a channel and a piston, with the piston interacts with elements of remote electric-shock gun, retaining the cartridge, so that at the end of shot from each cartridge the cartridge is shot from the weapon.
EFFECT: simplified remote electric-shock gun and an increase in its fire rate.
10 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: mobile coast-based armament systems used for protection of coast, bases and troops against strikes from sea and landing troops by inflicting mass coordinated blows by a group of self-propelled launchers at enemy ship units and single ships.
SUBSTANCE: a "hot" reserve self-propelled command center of control and communication (SCCC) is introduced in the self-propelled command center of control and communication including also self-propelled launchers, radio communication system and respective support systems, introduced in both SCCC are units providing a quick automatic transfer of the functions of the main SCCC to the reserve SCCC in case of its failure or damage< the reserve SCCC provides for control of fulfillment of the combat mission.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of functioning, reliability and survivability of the coastal missile complex in the conditions of an active counteraction of the potential enemy.
FIELD: armament, in particular, laser weapon.
SUBSTANCE: the method for prevention of invasion of a target from space consists in placing of fighting lasers with a thermonuclear pumping in the orbits. The orbital fighting lasers with a thermonuclear pumping have a source of laser radiation with an objective lens, power unit and a device for guidance to the target and scanning with the use of a controlled movement of the scanning laser beam. The orbital fighting lasers are oriented in the orbits into two groups with formation of a grid by their laser beams.
EFFECT: provided a complete automation of the combat operations by the laser beam in the space.
SUBSTANCE: according to the invention, for repulsion of an attack from the space use is made of orbital fighting lasers with a thermonuclear pumping, having a source of laser radiation, power unit and a device for guidance to the target and scanning with employment of a controlled movement of a scanning laser beam in the outline of the illuminated target surface. Simultaneously with the movement of the scanning laser beam in the closed outline the spatial attitude of the objective lens is changed by radial attitude of the objective lens is changed by radial and circumferential movement of it with a simultaneous change of the angle of inclination to the target surface. The orbital lasers are located by two groups, one group of the lasers is installed on the Moon, and the other-on the diametrically opposite side relative to the Earth. The group of the lasers located on the Moon is divided into two subgroups located diametrically oppositely relative to the Moon center. All the orbital fighting lasers with a thermonuclear pumping have a monitor of the target illuminated surface in the form of a digital video camera. All the orbital fighting lasers with a thermonuclear pumping are made for circumferential, radial movement and turns.
EFFECT: provided repulsion of an attack from the space from any direction.
4 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: integrated mechanisms for preparation and realization of the processes of remote monitoring and blocking (prevention, suppression, destruction, elimination, etc.) of threatening conditions of potentially dangerous object, of ground spatially dispersed of organized engineering systems fitted with computer, communication and other radio-electronic means functioning in the real time scale in various spectrum bands of electromagnetic radiation.
SUBSTANCE: the automated complex includes miniature pilot less flight vehicles installed in the separated nose cones of salvo-fire jet projectiles, automated transport-launcher and a remote-control station fitted with the respective radio-electronic and the equipment and machine-read carriers of data bares and plug-in program module libraries. The stand-trainer has information insertion, processing, output and presentation units, automated work stations of operators, units of their support, memory, monitoring, evaluation, forecasting, program control, priority code distributors, control pulse sharper and a switchboard. The set of the interrelated stand-trainer and the complex is positioned as an integrated system of automated monitoring and blocking of potentially dangerous objects.
EFFECT: accomplished remote monitoring and blocking of potentially dangerous objects of organized engineering system with the of remote-controlled means of measurement of the symptoms of their threatening conditions, processing of them, identification and prevention of the negative various of development of such conditions.
17 cl, 25 dwg, 2 tbl
FIELD: military equipment, applicable for simulation of thermal radiations of military objectives, as well as for warming of personnel, use as infra-red beacons, warm-up of material, etc.
SUBSTANCE: the claimed device constructionally includes two cylindrical sleeves having a detachable joint, placed in one of them, having perforations in the walls, is a cylindrical catalizer unit whose inner cavity serves as an evaporative chamber, and a system of electrical and/or flame starting, and in the other - fuel fed during operation to the catalizer unit with the aid of a wick in the form of a cord of heat-resistant fibers placed in a netted or perforated tube.
EFFECT: the device unlike its analogs can operate on gasoline, kerosene, alcohol, diesel fuel and other liquid hydrocarbon fuels, and provided control of the heating power, provided transfer of thermal energy not only by radiation, but also by heat conduction via a contact with the objective.
6 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: weapons and ammunition;various armor weaponry systems.
SUBSTANCE: device performs automatic target identity recognition, blocks armor weaponry system firing at "own" armor, equipped with the same device, notifies the crew of aiming to the armor by weaponry, equipped with laser range-finder, and of direction the aiming is performed from. The device comprises laser range-finder, laser range-finder emission scrambler, as well as response optical signal receiving and decoding channel, coupled with armor firing control system via shot blocking device. On armor surface the carrying basis is fixed, featuring integrated optical fiber system, input ends of which are distributed along the surface, whereas output ones are united into groups, and optically coupled with response photodetectors and response laser emitters. Between photodetector outputs and response laser emitter inputs, descramblers and response encryption devices are installed. Besides, photodetector and response descramblers are connected to indication device via coupler.
EFFECT: reliability increase.
FIELD: military equipment; automated systems of enemy destruction.
SUBSTANCE: method consists in delivering a platform wherein a robot is located to a possible enemy area. The robot is equipped with the following interconnected components: a power source, means of control and displacement used for enemy detection and means of enemy destruction. Said platform is capable of changing its shape and programmed for switching on and then operating its control device in automatic mode according to its program. A displacement sensor is used as said means of enemy detection, and electric motors are used as said means of the robot's displacement.
EFFECT: improving the anti-personnel and anti-material effect.
9 dwg, 22 cl
FIELD: shooting operations.
SUBSTANCE: method lies in impacting with a series of shock waves, swiftly managing duration, periodicity and intensity of each of them.
EFFECT: damage effect increases, expenses decrease when impacting on various substances and objects; remote initiation of explosives or elimination of life forms is provided.
4 ex, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to security equipment and is intended for security and defense of frontier post. Method includes detection, warning and destruction of trespasser. For detection of trespasser video cameras are used, warning is executed with sound and light alarm. Destruction is performed with help of remotely controlled small arms and with help of mines with combined control. System contains unit of remotely controlled small arms. System contains general view video camera, which is connected to control computer and motion detectors. Mine barrier is arranged in form of mines with combined control, which are connected by radio channel through controller of mine barrier with control computer. Solution of defense objective is achieved with help of mine containing explosive device, contact fuse and radio proximity fuse, which is connected via controller in memory of which identification code of specific mine is recorded to explosive device.
EFFECT: provides possibility of remote execution of security and defense.
FIELD: weapon and ammunition; the defense technology.
SUBSTANCE: complex contains element of remote-controlled small arms, pointing video camera fixed on the arm, vertical and horizontal travel drives, trigger drive attached by facility with arm controller attached by facility to control system. Complex represents mobile plant and fixed control facilities. Mobile plant is armoured and equipped with artillery mortar for hollow-charge shell shooting. Complex can contain flame-thrower mounted on the body of mobile plant, special purpose gas installation including fighting poisonous gases. Onboard control system contains on-board computer connected to transmitter-receiver system with antenna, drive gear and gear controller connected to computer, video camera connected to onboard computer. Stationary control system contains transmitter-receiver system with control computer with monitor and control unit.
EFFECT: improved performance.
5 cl, 4 dwg