System of plant cultivation

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a system of plant cultivation, in particular, to a system of cultivation a number of plants in any weather conditions, regardless of environmental conditions or location, and to increase significantly the yield per unit area, and it comprises the system of movement along a closed circuit which comprises a number of shafts. The shafts are mounted on the frame sections. The frame is mounted in the premises for plant cultivation. The system comprises a number of sprockets that are mounted on the shafts, the left and right chains, the reduction motor. The motor is mounted on each shaft and is connected to this shaft. The system comprises a number of elements for pots for plant cultivation, comprising a container and hook-shaped plates. The plates are attached to the left and right ends of the upper surface of the container for axial mounting and connecting by suspending the left and right hook-shaped axes, as well as for displacement and movement along the closed loop in the interior space of the premises by suspending with the ability to rotate between the left and right chains with use of the left and right hook-shaped axes and hook-shaped plates. The system comprises a device for supplying nutrient liquid to a number of elements for the pots, and a blower. The blower is mounted in the premises for supply of filtered fresh air into the premises or for internal air circulation.

EFFECT: invention provides a simple and easy performance of work with a reduction of time and labor costs due to simple design of the system.

23 cl, 40 dwg

 

The technical field to which the invention relates.

The present invention relates to a system of growing plants, in particular to the growing number of plants in any weather, regardless of environmental conditions or places and to greatly increase the yield per unit area.

The level of technology

In General, in greenhouses made of glass or vinyl, you can grow fruit plants, such as cucumbers, tomatoes, tomatoes, peppers, etc., green crops, such as celery, lettuce, parsley, cabbage, Chinese cabbage, and flowers, such as roses, gerberas, chrysanthemums, carnations, etc. Accordingly, farmers can increase their income, and consumers to eat a variety of fresh vegetables in the winter.

However, these greenhouses made of glass or vinyl installed on the ground, for example, in farms or thickened areas, and related plants are grown by planting seeds of these plants in the ground or perezhivanija seedlings grown in nurseries, there are problems, consisting in the fact that the yield is limited by the space required for the cultivation of the unit area, and damage to plants as a result of re-cultivation.

Thus, for increasing yields on limited planting space, reduce labor cost is at and reduce damage caused by repeated cultivation, farmers can grow plants on the existing level of technology so that they were located on the multistage space for growing plants.

However, this growing method has a drawback consisting in a negative impact on the cultivation of plants in the lower part of the multi-stage configuration, since solar lighting plant, located at the bottom is blocked by plants, located on the top of the planting beds or in pots for growing plants, installed on the top.

In addition, according to another variant current level of technology it is suggested that the interval between beds or pots for growing plants on the upper section or the lower section gradually increased to solve the above problems. However, there remains a problem, which consists in a relative decrease in yield, which is associated with a multi-stage configuration, and, thus, reducing profitability.

To solve these problems, you can grow plants using more multi-stage configuration, continued in vertical and horizontal directions. However, during the harvest time, the employee may not directly be in the highest places where plants are grown or fruits, and d is ought to use a ladder. Thus, the existing methods are inconvenient and require more time and labor costs.

The invention

The problem which must be solved by the claimed invention is to develop a system of growing plants. The present invention is to provide a system of growing plants to grow fast and trouble-free harvesting of certain plants.

The present invention is to provide a system of growing plants to maximize the space used for growing plants in any weather.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a system of growing plants for a simple and easy execution of work on growing and harvesting and reduce time and labor costs.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a system of growing plants that does not require the time for discharge of nutrients in plants, and which prevents malfunction when driving system of growing plants in a closed loop.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a system of growing plants, providing a simple design, low installation costs and just the easy transplanting germinated plants in pots for growing plants.

For solutions to these challenges and achieve other advantages according to the purpose of the invention shown and described a system of growing plants contains system 20 movement through a closed circuit, which includes a number of shafts 24 mounted on the respective frame sections 13, installed in room 10 for growing plants; some asterisks 22 installed on a number of shafts 24, respectively; the left and right circuit 23 for installation on a number of sprockets 22 in order of priority; geared motor 21 mounted on any shaft from a number of shafts 24 and connected to this shaft; some elements 30 for pots for growing plants, comprising a container 31 having an aperture in the upper surface, the hook plate 32 attached to the left and right ends of the upper surface of the container for axial installation and connection by hanging on the left and right hook axes 26, horizontally attached at equal intervals in the inner space of the left and right circuits 23, facing each other; and to move, and movement along a closed contour in the inner space 10 for growing plants due to the suspension with the possibility of rotation is between the left and right chains 23 use the left and right hook to the axes 26 and hook plates 32; the device 40 of the feed fluid for supplying feed liquid to a certain number of cells for 30 pots for growing plants; and the blower 50, installed in room 10 for growing plants to supply filtered outside air into the room 10 for growing plants or for internal circulation of air.

The system of growing plants also contains a number of lamps 60, mounted on the frame 13 at regular intervals in the transverse direction for lighting elements 30 for pots for growing plants, and the reflector 10A installed indoors 10 for growing plants to reflect sunlight throughout the system 20 motion in a closed circuit elements 30 for pots for growing plants.

According to the present invention a system for growing plants provides an improved method of growing plants, of moving in a closed loop a certain number of pots for growing plants planted with seeds of the plants or transplanted seedlings of plants. Thus, the system of growing plants provides uniform illumination for the constant growth of plants when the bed or pots for growing plants are located in a multi-stage configuration and continue in the upper or the lower the eating areas in the inner space for growing plants. Thus, the system of growing plants of the present invention can provide the advantage consisting in the fact that different plants will grow in a short period of time at high yield.

In addition, using a system of growing plants of the present invention farmers can grow plants in any weather, regardless of the environment or designated by supplying light energy, provide a certain number of lamps installed in the lower part, where no sunlight, this greatly increases the yield per unit area, as the plants grow more quickly in pots for growing plants.

In particular, the system of growing plants of the present invention the plants are not damaged by insects, the maximum increase performance and suitability for processing, natural way to solve problems time and labor costs because farmers grow plants using sterilized nutrients, loam, soil and caring for plants or their fruits and collect them in a permanent place.

In addition, the system of growing plants of the present invention, the farmers can grow a number of plants, using one system of growing, easily controlling the installation intervals of pots for wires the of plants. Thus, the farmer can grow plants, scourge which cover, for example, strawberries, using the same system of cultivation.

The system of growing plants of the present invention can provide the injection of nutrient fluid in plants in the state in which the pots for growing plants move without stopping to feed the liquid in the space for growing plants. Thus, you do not need a separate space for the discharge of nutrient fluid, and there are no failures associated with the overloading of the gear motor, because the motion system in a closed loop does not repeat the operation stop and start.

In addition, the system of growing plants of the present invention, the frame has a simple design, and design is not expensive, because the asterisk is installed in the appropriate places on each frame without the use of a long shaft.

In addition, the system of growing plants of the present invention the plants are easily moved for a short period of time, because the pots for growing plants are loaded after moving the stand, which establishes a number of pots for growing plants, the pots for growing plants are not separated by species, kotoryeprodayut from seeds in a number of pots for growing plants on stands, vertically and horizontally arranged in a multistage configuration.

Brief description of drawings

Various distinctive features, aspects and advantages of embodiments of the invention will become clear from the following description of embodiments with reference to the attached drawings, on which:

Figure 1 - side view, which schematically shows a system of growing plants in the first embodiment of implementation of the present invention;

Figure 2 is an enlarged top view showing the main part of the system of growing plants from Figure 1;

Figure 3 is an enlarged side view showing the main part of the system of growing plants from Figure 1, the reflectors are not shown;

Figure 4 is an enlarged side view, showing a certain part of Fig 3;

5 is a front view showing a certain part of Figure 4;

6 is an enlarged side view showing a moving state of the chain and pots for growing plants from Figure 4;

Fig.7 is an enlarged rear view showing the guide of Figure 4;

Fig enlarged perspective view showing the element for pots for growing plants from Figure 1;

Fig.9 is an enlarged perspective view of a fragment showing the main part of the element for pots to grow the plants from Denmark Fig;

Figure 10 is an enlarged side view in section, showing an example of an element for pots for growing plants from Fig;

11 is an enlarged side view in section, showing another example of an element for pots for growing plants from Fig;

Fig - side view, which schematically shows a system of growing plants according to the second variant of implementation of the present invention,

Fig is a front view showing the relevant portion of Fig.

Fig - side view, which schematically shows a system of growing plants by the third variant of implementation of the present invention,

Fig is an enlarged rear view showing the system of growing plants from Fig;

Fig is an enlarged top view showing the main part of the system of growing plants from Fig;

Fig is an enlarged rear view showing the main part of the system of growing plants from Fig;

Figa - enlarged perspective view showing the element for pots for growing plants from Fig;

Fig.18b is an enlarged side view showing the element for pots for growing plants from Figa;

Figs is a perspective view in a disassembled state showing the main part of the element for pots for growing plants from Figa;

Fig is - perspective view showing another example of an element for pots for growing plants from Fig;

Fig.19b - enlarged perspective view showing the main part of the element for pots for growing plants from Fig;

Figa is an enlarged side view showing the main part of the feeder nutrient fluid from Fig;

Fig.20b is a side view showing a state of operating cylinder from Figa;

Figa is an enlarged side view showing the main part of the feeder nutrient fluid from Figa;

Fig.21b - side view showing the operating status of the device feeding the liquid from Fig;

Fig is a perspective view showing another example of an element for pots for growing plants used for Fig;

Fig - side view, which schematically shows a system of growing plants according to the fourth variant of implementation of the present invention,

Fig is a top view showing the system of growing plants from Fig;

Fig - side view showing the main part of the system of growing plants from Fig;

Fig is an enlarged top view showing the main part of the system of growing plants from Fig;

Fig is an enlarged rear view showing the main part is istemi growing plants from Fig;

Figa - enlarged perspective view showing the element for pots for growing plants from Fig;

Fig.28b is an enlarged side view showing the element for pots for growing plants from Figa;

Figs is an enlarged perspective view in a disassembled state showing the main part of the element for pots for growing plants from Figa;

Figa is an enlarged top view showing the main part of the feeder nutrient fluid from Fig;

Fig.29b is a top view showing a state of operating cylinder from Figa;

Figa is an enlarged side view showing the device of the feed liquid from Figa;

Fig.30b - side view showing the operating status of the device feeding the liquid from Figa;

Fig is an enlarged view in section, showing the state in which the nutrient fluid is supplied to the element for pots for growing plants from Figa.

Detailed description of exemplary embodiments of the invention

Below is a detailed description of the system of growing plants according to the variant of implementation of the present invention with reference to the attached drawings.

Figure 1 shows the side view, which schematically shows a system of growing plants is the first alternative implementation of the present invention; Figure 2 is an enlarged top view showing the main part of the system of growing plants from Figure 1; Figure 3 is an enlarged side view showing the main part of the system of growing plants from Figure 1, the reflectors are not shown; Figure 4 is an enlarged side view, showing a certain part of Figure 3; Figure 5 is a front view showing a certain part of Figure 4; 6 Is an enlarged side view showing a moving state of the chain and pots for growing plants from Figure 4; Fig.7 is an enlarged rear view showing the guide of Figure 4; Fig enlarged perspective view showing the element for pots for growing plants of Figure 1; Figure 9 is an enlarged perspective view of a fragment showing the main part of the element for pots for growing plants from Fig; Figure 10 is an enlarged side view in section, showing an example of an element for pots for growing plants from Fig.

The system of growing plants in the first embodiment of implementation of the present invention includes: room 10 for growing plants; the system 20 movement through a closed circuit, which is installed inside the building for growing plants; a number of elements 30 for pots for growing plants located with permanent what tervalon in the system 20 movement through a closed circuit for rotary movement in the inner space 10 for growing plants; the device 40 of the feed fluid for supplying feed liquid to a certain number of cells for 30 pots for growing plants; and the blower 50 for supplying filtered outside air into the room 10 for growing plants or for internal circulation of air in the room 10 for growing plants or to exhaust internal air to the outside.

Room 10 for growing plants and their collection has four walls 11 and the ceiling 12, vinyl, clear plastic panels, polyacrylate or glass, etc. that are used, for example, in the manufacture of standard greenhouses made of glass or vinyl, and the door installed, typically, in one of the four walls.

Indoors 10 to growing plants is mounted reflector 10A, since the element 30 for pots for growing plants need sunlight the entire system 20 movement in a closed loop.

With this purpose, set the reflector 10A, which has a reflective surface formed of a curved surface, and relies on the support frame 13A, and the reflector captures the sunlight directly near the frame 13, respectively, the direction of installation space 10 for growing plants. Due to the reflection of sunlight solar energy is increasingly accumulates reflector 10A and transmitted to the element 30 for pots for growing plants.

With the left and right sides of the reflector 10A by means of the hinge is attached auxiliary reflector 10b, and each lower part of the reflector 10A installed wheel 10C. If necessary, you can fold or unfold the auxiliary reflector to the appropriate angle, so that the sunlight more efficiently reflected in the direction of the element 30 for pots for growing plants.

The system 20 movement in the closed circuit includes a gear motor 21, a number of sprockets 22 and the left and right circuit 23, while a number of sprockets 22 and the left and right circuit 23 provides the advantage of using the internal space with the height of the space 10 for growing plants, and plant species.

For example, in the case of premises 10 for growing plants with the interior space, shown in figure 1, in room 10 for growing plants is fitted with a frame 13, including left and right front vertical rod 131; left and right horizontal rod 132, where each of the rear part is attached to the front vertical rod 131 and proceeds forward in the outer direction; left and right rear vertical rod 133; left and right vertical rod 134, located directly on the rear side of the front vertical is a pressing rod 131; a number of left and right horizontal support rods 135 for horizontal joining and fastening to the top and bottom sections and the intermediate section of the front vertical rod 131, the rear vertical rod 133 and the left and right vertical rods 134 and a number of left and right inclined support rods 136 to the bending of the connection and fixation of the left and right horizontal rod 132 and a certain number of left and right horizontal support rods 135.

In case of increase of the interval between the front vertical rod 131, the rear vertical rod 133 and the left and right vertical bar 134 on the inner side of the left and right horizontal support rods 135 are assembled, at least one or more of the left and right vertical support rods 137, which extend up and down and reinforce the frame 13 with regard to the size of the interval.

On the other hand, both ends of each shaft 24 is mounted a number of sprocket 22, the shafts continue in the transverse direction to the left and right at the corresponding sections of the upper end and the lower end of the front vertical rod 131, the front end of the left and right horizontal bars 132 and the upper end, middle end and lower end of left and right vertical rods 134.

In addition, left and right circuit 23 is set in the horizontal direction and is moved by a sprocket 22, located on the lower end of the left and right front vertical rod 131, the sprocket 22, which is located at the upper end of the front vertical rod 131, using the sprocket 22, which is located on the front end of the left and right horizontal rod 132, the sprocket 22, which is located on the upper end of the rear vertical rod 133, the sprocket 22, which is located at the upper end of the left and right vertical rod 134, the sprocket 22, which is located on the middle end of the rear vertical rod 133, the sprocket 22, which is located in the middle of the left and right vertical rod 134 and the sprocket 22, which is located on the lower end of the rear vertical rod 133, respectively.

In the case of mounting by using the above method increases the maximum practical value of the inner volume through the installation of a large number of items for 30 pots for growing plants in comparison with the internal volume of space 10 for growing plants, as described below, and the chain 23 passes from the upper end of the front vertical rod 131 to the upper end of the rear vertical rod 133 and the left and right horizontal bars 132 and then moves horizontally-shaped path between the rear horizontal rods 133.

In addition, moving with an asterisk 22 located to the front and the end of the left and right horizontal bars 132, to improve manufacturability, since the user can care for the plants and collect the plants growing in the element 30 for pots for growing plants, which moves around the sprocket 22 just ahead of the left and right horizontal bars 132, as described below.

In addition, in each appropriate place, where the chain 23 passes from the inner side of the front vertical rod 131, the left and right rear vertical rods 133 and the left and right vertical rods 134, mounted and attached in a horizontal guides 14 that supports the chain 23. This prevents problems related to sagging circuit 23 under the action of its own weight or saskachewan chain during its movement in a predetermined path.

On the other hand the diameter of each chain roller 231 chain is longer than the top and bottom widths of the inner and outer plates 232; inner and outer plate 232 rotate and move, while the outer surface of the chain roller 231 is in contact with the bottom part of the guide 14 and is not in contact with the upper part of the guide 14, as shown in Fig.7.

Thus, the circular motion of the chain is due to the lack of friction resistance, and excludes wear and noise, and reduced service life, because the chain 23 is rotated and moves, caprices is camping the outer surface of the chain roller 231 with the bottom part of the guide 14, the chain 23 is moving, based on the guide 14.

The recess 141 of the guide, which is the outer surface of the chain rollers 231, is formed with a predetermined depth. During the rotation and movement of the chain roller 231 supported in the recess 141 of the guide, the chain 23 can be moved in a stable mode without exiting the guide, even under the weight element 30 for pots for growing plants, hanging on a hook axis 26.

In addition, at the lower end on the lower surface of the guide 14 as an integral part of the formed guide 14', and the roller 233 rotates and moves along the guide 14', and the rollers 233 are held in the left and right surfaces of the element 30 for pots for growing plants.

Roller 233 and the chain rollers 231 smoothly rotate, and move, because the weight element 30 for pots for growing plants distributed on the rollers 233 and hook axis 26. Thus, the element 30 for pots for growing plants and circuit 23 make a circular movement in a more sustainable mode.

In addition, the front and rear horizontal support rod 137' are assembled in such a way that they continue in the transverse direction on each respective section with the inner sides of the left and right vertical support rods 137, to the which corresponds to the passage of the lower surface of element 30 for pots for growing plants, and horizontal restraint guide 15 is installed in the longitudinal direction on the upper left and right horizontal support rods, thereby holding and supporting the bottom surface of element 30 for pots for growing plants. Thus is provided the horizontal position of the elements, and the load is distributed on the holding guide 15 without focusing on the left and right circuits 23 and rollers 233.

Holding guide 15 can provide a more smooth movement due to the reduction of the friction force, as above set is molded from a relatively thin rubber holding plate 151, which is in contact with the lower surface of element 30 for pots for growing plants. In addition, worn out as a result of long use of the holding rail can be replaced with a new one.

On the other hand, in this embodiment, the output shaft gear motor 21 is connected with the shaft mounted in the transverse direction from the bottom side of the left and right rear vertical rods 133, but it is not a necessary limitation of this option, perform, and it is assumed that the output shaft of the geared motor 21 can connect to any shaft 24.

In addition, to meet the statutory installed tensioner, preferably, near the sprocket 22 mounted on the shaft 24, which is connected with the output drive shaft of the geared motor 21, the trajectory of the chain 23 in a closed circuit, so that the tension device 27 could hold and maintain the chain 23 to prevent sagging.

The element 30 for pots for growing plants includes a container 31 having an aperture in the upper surface, the hook plate 32 ∩-type for fastening both ends of the container, respectively, and a cover plate 33 for closing the upper surface with holes 331 under the pots 30A for growing plants.

The container 31 has an elongated shape, the hook plate 32 is formed as an integral part of the upper surface of each fixing plate 321, which are mounted from the upper surface at both ends of the container; element 30 for pots for growing plants can be hung on the left and right chain 23 with a constant interval, as described below.

The length of the pads 33 corresponds to the distance between the mounting plates 321, which are mounted from the upper surface at both ends of the container; and holes 331 formed in an appropriate amount at regular intervals, taking into account the diameter of the pot 30A for growing plants.

Each pot 30A is La growing plants installed in the corresponding hole 331, all part of the pot, except for the upper part, protruding from the holes 331, immersed in the nutrient fluid in the container 31, as a result, plants fed nutrient.

In addition, the cover 33 can easily join the upper surface of the container or be separated from it, because the connecting part 311 has a recess and formed in the direction of the length from the back and front edges of the container 31, and the connecting part 332 for connection with the connecting part 211 continues down the front and rear edges of the plates 33.

On the other hand, to the container 31 can be attached or separated from it by a holding plate 34, intended for keeping or maintaining scattered lashes plants, such as strawberries.

With this purpose, the connecting portion 312 has a recess and formed in the direction of the length from the back and front edges of the container 31, and the connecting part 341 for connecting with the connecting part 312 or the separation from her continuing down the length of one edge of the retaining plate 34 and corresponds to the connecting part 312.

Holding plate 34 includes a region where the connecting part 341 is formed in a horizontal direction, and the other end, continuing with the smooth slope, for holding scattered plet is th.

In the hole formed in any of the mounting plates 321, install the sensor 35, so that the user can always check the nutrient level of the liquid in the container 31. As a consequence, the device 40 of the feed liquid can apply a nourishing fluid, if the nutrient level of the liquid is insufficient, and can immediately stop the flow after the establishment of the appropriate level of nutrient fluid.

In addition, because in the middle of the pads 33 formed hole 333, nourishing fluid, supplied by the device 40, the feed fluid may be introduced into the container through the opening 333, when the cover 33 is attached to the upper surface of the container 31.

In addition, if the container has a greater length, in the middle of an open upper surface is attached a separate plate 36 formed with a hole 333, and individual pads 33 are mounted on the open upper surface, separated by a plate 36 on the left and right parts, respectively.

This design is intended to prevent deformation of the plates 33 under load, this will increase the number of holes 331 to connect with some pots 30A for growing plants when the plate 33 is of the same length, as with most on the inu container 31.

To install element 30 for pots for growing plants in the system 20 movement in a closed path, each vertical sector-shaped bracket 25 with a constant interval is fixed in the inner space between the left and right circuits 23, facing each other, and hook axis 26 are mounted and installed in a horizontal position on each horizontal section.

Thus, when the element 30 for pots for growing plants installed in the system 20 movement in a closed loop, the upper end of the hook plate 32 is connected in the axial direction with the hook axis 26, is attached in a horizontal position to the inner surface of the left and right circuits 23, respectively, resulting element 30 for pots for growing plants is easily installed between the chains at regular intervals suspended on chains. At this stage, is driven by a geared electric motor 21 for turning the circuit elements 30 for pots for growing plants move and perform the movement in a closed path-shaped trajectory in the inner space 10 for growing plants.

As described above, the element 30 for pots for growing plants can move in limbo with what the being on the chains at the expense of the weight balancing under its own weight, because during the process of moving in a closed loop upper end, formed on the curved surface of the hook plate 32 attached in the axial direction and is mounted in a suspended state on the hook axis 26. Thus, the element 30 for pots for growing plants can be maintained in a balanced condition during the passage of each sprocket 22.

The movement of the element 30 for pots for growing plants should provide uniform solar lighting plants planted in each pot 30A for growing plants, and speed over a closed circuit is regulated by a gear motor 21.

Although in this embodiment of the present invention the upper end of the element 30 for pots for growing plants suspended on the hook axis 26 with hook plate 32 ∩-type, it is not limited to such form, and can also be used hook plate, the end of which has the shape of a pipe.

In addition, in an embodiment of the present invention describes that on the open upper surface of the container 31 is mounted cover plate 33 and the upper side of the fixing plate 321 is set to the transmitter 35. It is desirable that the element 30 for pots for growing plants usage is the very for growing plants using a nutrient liquid. However, when the user has the intention to grow the plants growing in the soil, for example, the strawberries, the user does not install the pad 33 and the sensor 35, and puts in the lower portion of the container loam 37, and then puts a layer 38 of the soil of the proper thickness on the top surface of the loam 37 and discharges the strawberry seedlings with the required intervals, as shown at 11.

Loam layer 37 and 38 of the ground, etc. are sterilized to kill insects, with loam 37 prevents the rapid nutrient liquid in the container 31.

From the bottom of the container 31 is formed a drain hole 314, and in the longitudinal direction at each location corresponding to the drain hole 314, the inner side of the left and right vertical support rods 137 set the tray 16.

When the element 30 for pots for growing plants, which laid the loam layer 37 and 38 of the ground, served nutritious liquid, it is preferable that the device 40 of the feed liquid was put in action and serve nutritious liquid from the upper surface of element 30 for pots for growing plants that do not have the connecting part 341, so that the nutrient liquid can wet the contents of the element from the top of the loam 37 to the bottom of the layer 38 of the substrate in a vertical n the Board.

If the lower portion of element 30 for pots for growing plants moistened with a nutrient liquid, a certain amount of nutrient fluid will be discharged through the vent hole 314 and act in the tray 16, thereby confirming without using sensor 35 a very efficient nutrient fluid. Next, the user stops the supply of fluid in the element 30 for pots for growing plants, and merged nutritive fluid may be directed into a collecting tank (not shown), which is installed separately and connected with the tray 16, with collected nutritive fluid may be re-used.

The device 40 of the feed fluid includes a pump 41 for pumping nutrient liquid stored in the tank for the nutrient fluid (not shown); the inlet pipe 42 having an end connected to the pump 41, and the other end 421 to drain from the middle section of the edge of the frame to the bottom and interior of the site;

distribution pipe 43, mounted horizontally in the longitudinal direction in the middle and upper part of a number of elements 30 for pots for growing plants and connected in the middle part with the other end 421 and held in the lower part of the frame 13; and an inlet 44, an optionally installed in the lower part of the races is radiotele pipe 43 at intervals, the corresponding hole 333.

As described above, in order to establish the distribution pipe 43 in the longitudinal direction in the middle and upper part of a number of elements 30 for pots for growing plants and that they took place in the lower part of the frame 13, it is assumed to minimize the blocking of sunlight, because sunlight is partially blocked by the installation of distribution pipes 43 on the top.

When the pump 41 of the device 40 of the feed liquid is in effect and pumping nutrient liquid stored in the tank for the nutrient liquid culture fluid is supplied into the inner part of the container 31 through the supply pipe 42, the inlet 44 of the distribution pipe 43, which is connected with the other end 421, and the hole 333, which is located on the lower side.

The procedure of feed liquid in each element 30 for pots for growing plants is described below. First of all, the user interrupts the system 20 motion in a closed circuit and stops the movement of each element 30 for pots for growing plants. Secondly, the device 40 of the feed fluid simultaneously delivers the nutrient fluid through each inlet 44 in the element 30 for pots for growing plants, located on the bottom of the SRT is ony distribution pipe 43. Thirdly, if the submission fails, the system 20 movement in the closed circuit can be activated to move the element 30 for pots for growing plants, which served a nutritious liquid, so that the element 30 for pots for growing plants could be moved from the bottom of the distribution pipe 43. Fourthly, if there must be a supply of fluid, the user moves and stops the corresponding element 30 for pots for growing plants as an object discharge nutrient fluid for each inlet 44 and the user can then repeat the above procedure many times as necessary.

The nutrient level of the liquid supplied to the device 40 of the feed liquid can be immediately validated using the sensor 35; thus, the user can stop the device 40 of the feed liquid after the filing of an appropriate number of nutrient fluid.

Blower 50 includes an air intake fan 51; blower tube 52 formed along the lower end of the frame 13 by connecting the rear end of the air blowing fan 51; a number leaf blower pipe 53 formed in the transverse direction on the bottom surface RA is s 13 by connecting the rear end of the air blowing fan 51 at regular intervals; and the exhaust pipe 54 formed at regular intervals on each upper surface of the leaf blower pipe 53.

Blower 50 actuates the air intake fan 51 for selective suction of external air (including CO2or2) or inside air.

Since the intake air generated by the air discharge fan 51, served in every branch air pipe 53 through the blower pipe 52 and is produced in the upper direction to the lower part of the frame 13 through each exhaust pipe 54, the air intake fan 51 may be submitted cleaned outside air or to circulate the inside air for each element 30 for pots for growing plants. This ensures smooth control of the internal temperature, the fresh air and ventilation, which allows you to create a favourable environment. In addition, plants can be grown in a favorable environment to accelerate their growth and development, as well as exceptions rotting plants and fruits.

In this embodiment of the present invention, it is desirable to install the lamp 60 to provide sufficient light energy in any weather in shaded places, i.e. in the lower part, except e is ment for 30 pots for growing plants, which passes from the top side, when the left and right chains 23 are analogous to-shaped path between the front vertical rod 131, the left and right rear vertical rods 133 and the left and right vertical rods 134.

With this purpose on the frame 13 in the transverse direction with equal intervals established a number of lamps 60, so that the user optionally can include them in the appropriate shaded places along the route elements 30 for pots for growing plants.

Accordingly, provided the plant growth and harvest over a short period of time in any weather, not only without a significant impact on the environment, but also regardless of the place of growing plants, since plants planted in pots 30A for growing plants, can evenly receive light energy regardless of where you move elements 30 for pots for growing plants.

In an embodiment of the present invention intervals in the longitudinal direction, in which the elements 30 for pots for growing plants are moved in a closed circuit, or intervals in the transverse direction between a certain number of cells for 30 pots for growing plants can be determined with useto the characteristics of plants.

In other words, if the user intends to grow plants, scourge which grow and continue in the horizontal direction, for example, strawberries, intervals in the transverse direction between a certain number of cells for 30 pots for growing plants should be wider than the intervals in the longitudinal direction, while in the case where the user intends to grow plants, scourge which grow and continue in the upper direction, for example, lettuce or Chinese cabbage, the intervals in the longitudinal direction should be wider than the intervals in the transverse direction.

Intervals in the transverse direction can be adjusted through selection and hanging of a number of elements 30 for pots for growing plants on the hook axis 26, attached at regular intervals to the left and right circuits 23, while the intervals in the longitudinal direction can also be adjusted by selecting the diameter of the sprocket 22 to install the chain 23.

In addition, the frame 13 can be moved, as in the lower part of the frame 13 is installed wheels on the floor and also have guides.

On Fig presents a side view, which schematically shows a system of growing plants according to the second variant of implementation of the present invention, and Fig presents a view of sper is di, which shows the relevant part of Fig.

The system of growing plants according to the second variant of implementation of the present invention differs in that the element 30 for pots for growing plants can ascend or descend in the longitudinal direction and to move horizontally in the closed loop. To this end, the frame 13 is set so that a number of short vertical rods 139 and left and right vertical rod 138, the length of which exceeds the length of the short vertical rods 139 are installed and are in the queue at the left and right horizontal bars 132.

In addition, a number of left and right sprocket 22 is fixed in the axial direction on the left and right ends of a number of shafts 24 mounted in the transverse direction on the upper ends of the left and right vertical rods 138 and the upper and lower ends of the left and right horizontal bars 132, located at the upper end and the lower end of the short vertical rods 139, while the left and right chains 23 are mounted on sprocket.

After you install the left and right circuit 23 as described above, the left and right circuit 23 can be moved horizontally on the sprockets 22 mounted on the shafts in the longitudinal direction, in the space between the left and right horizontal W is the eng 132, while the left and right circuit 23 can move up and down, repeatedly passing alternately through the upper ends of the left and right vertical rods 138 and short vertical rods 139.

Accordingly, if a certain number of items for 30 pots for growing plants suspended at regular intervals using a hook plate hook 32 on the axis 26, is attached to the left and right circuits 23, the elements 30 for pots for growing plants repeatedly up and down the incline and then moved horizontally and are moved along a closed contour in the inner space 10 for growing plants.

According to the second variant of implementation of the present invention provides several advantages, namely that all of the elements 30 for pots for growing plants can evenly be exposed to the sun compared to the first option, perform the movement in a closed path-shaped trajectory, because the intervals between the adjacent elements 30 for pots for growing plants are wider during repeated lifting and lowering the incline. In addition, the number of lamps 60 may be significantly reduced compared with the first version of the runtime.

RA is concerning switch power tube 43, connected with the other end 421 of the inlet pipe 42 for supplying feed liquid can be installed horizontally in the longitudinal direction in the middle of the top of the site a certain number of containers 31, which pass through the lower part of the frame 13.

On Fig presents a side view, which schematically shows a system of growing plants by the third variant of implementation of the present invention, Fig presents an enlarged rear view showing the system of growing plants from Fig; Fig presents an enlarged top view showing the main part of the system of growing plants from Fig; Fig presents an enlarged rear view showing the main part of the system of growing plants from Fig; Figa presents an enlarged perspective view showing the element for pots for growing plants from Fig; Fig.18b presents an enlarged side view, which shows the element for pots for growing plants from Figa; Figs presents a perspective view in a disassembled state showing the main part of the element for pots for growing plants from Figa; Figa presents a perspective view showing another example of an element for pots for growing plants from Fig; Fig.19b predstavlennoy perspective view, showing the main part of the element for pots for growing plants from Fig; Figa presents an enlarged side view showing the main part of the feeder nutrient fluid from Fig; Fig.20b presents a side view showing a state of operating cylinder from Figa; Figa presents an enlarged side view showing the main part of the feeder nutrient fluid from Figa; and Fig.21b presents a side view showing a working state of the device feeding the liquid from Figa.

The system of growing plants by the third variant of implementation of the present invention includes a space 10 for growing plants; the system 20 movement through a closed circuit, which is installed inside the building for growing plants; a number of elements 30 for pots for growing plants, which are located at regular intervals in the system 20 movement through a closed circuit for rotary movement in the inner space 10 for growing plants; and the device 40 of the feed fluid for supplying feed liquid to a certain number of cells for 30 pots pots for growing plants.

Room 10 for growing plants and their collection has four walls 11 and ALok 12, vinyl, clear of plastikovaya panels, polyacrylate or glass, etc. that are used, for example, in the manufacture of standard greenhouses made of glass or vinyl, and the door installed, typically, in one of the four walls.

The system 20 movement in the closed circuit includes a gear motor 21, a number of sprockets 22 and the left and right circuit 23, while a number of sprockets 22 and the left and right circuit 23 is installed in the frame 13 and provide the advantage of using the internal space with the height or width of the room 10 for growing plants, and plant species.

A number of left and right sprockets 22 mounted on each shaft 24, located in the left and right lower ends of the inner front section and the left and right upper, middle and lower ends of the inner rear section of the frame 13.

When the shaft 24 to install a certain number of left and right sprockets 22 in the lower part of the inner front of the site, directly perceiving the driving force from the gear motor 21, is a long shaft 24 passing in the transverse direction in the inner space of the frame 13, while the shaft 24 for mounting the left and right sprockets 22 at the site, located in the left and right upper ends of the inner is the first front section and the left and right upper the middle and lower ends of the inner rear section of the frame 13 is a short shaft, not passing in the transverse direction in the inner space of the frame 13, simplified frame design and reduced installation costs.

The left and right chains 23 are mounted by flip sprocket 22 located on the front lower section of the frame and sprocket located on the rear middle part, due to hanging on the sprocket located on the front upper section, sprockets, located on the rear upper section, and stars are located on the rear lower section of the frame, after which the chains pass over the sprockets located on the front lower section.

According to the above method, the practical ability to use the internal space of the maximum increases due to the installation of a large number of items for 30 pots for growing plants in comparison with the internal space 10 for growing plants, since the circuit 23 is set so that it moves horizontally and moves along a closed contour on the-shaped trajectory.

On the other hand, the gear motor 21 is mounted on the front inner lower section of the frame 13, and the left and right circuit 23 can move along closed the circuit by transferring a driving force from a gear motor 21 on the shaft for mounting the left and right sprocket with sprocket and chain 23a, installed on the drive shaft gear motor 21 and the left end of the shaft, which has left and right sprocket 22, the front inner lower section.

In addition, each horizontal section of the left and right inner sides of the frame 13, passing through the left and right circuit 23, horizontally installed rails 14, supporting each chain roller 231 with the greatest diameter of the chain.

In this case, since the circuit 23 is not in contact with the rail 14, the movement in a closed loop runs smoothly and it is possible to prevent noise and reduce service life due to the lack of contact resistance or wear through friction.

In addition, the load on the element for pots for growing plants is not transmitted to the circuit 23, and the element 30 for pots for growing plants, and the chain 23 can be smoothly moved in a closed path in a more stable state, because the guide 14' roller, continuing in the lower direction on the inner lower section of the guide 14 can support rollers 233, installed on the left and right surfaces of the element 30 for pots for growing plants.

The diameter of the left and right sprockets 22, perceiving the driving force of the gear motor 21 on the inner front and rear sections must be b is the larger diameter sprocket located in other places.

Since the sprocket 22 having a large diameter, reduces the frequency of rotation and is creating a lot of torque compared with a sprocket wheel having a small diameter, the load on the gear motor is minimized at the initial stage of turning left and right circuits 23 at rest and continuously in the process of turning left and right circuits.

In addition, for the installation of the element 30 for pots for growing plants on the internal area on which the left and right circuit 23 facing each other, each vertical sector-shaped bracket 25 is attached at regular intervals, and hook the axle 26 mounted in a horizontal position in the horizontal section.

The element 30 for pots for growing plants includes a container 31 having an aperture in the top surface and left and right ends; a connecting plate 31' to connect the left and right sides of the container 31; hook plate 32 ∩-type in the middle section of the upper surface of the connecting plate 31'; and openings 333 for supplying feed liquid formed with front and rear sides on the upper surface of the connecting plate 31'.

The container 31 is formed in the longitudinal direction, has a large width, and it can be installed and moved the ü pots 30A for growing plants on a stand 30b without separation pots 30A for growing plants, located on a stand 30b columns and rows, and can be grown seeds.

In the lower surface of the left or right side of the element 30 for pots for growing plants installed overflow pipe 31A to release excess nutrient fluid and thereby maintain an appropriate level of nutrient fluid.

When the element 30 for pots for growing plants installed in the system 20 movement through a closed circuit, it is desirable that the upper end of the hook plate 32 can be hung on a hook axis 26, which are mounted horizontally to the inner surfaces of the left and right chains facing each other.

Thus, the element 30 for pots for growing plants installed with the possibility of rotation between the left and right circuits 23 on the hook axis 26, for example, in a state of suspension at regular intervals, and then the elements 30 for pots for growing plants can be moved along a closed contour on the-shaped trajectory in the inner space 10 for growing plants, when the geared motor 21 is driven for rotation chain.

Essentially, the element 30 for pots for growing plants can slowly move in a closed circuit without saskachewan what I'm coasting back and forth on the hook axis 26, even if the circuit 23 stops down gear motor 21.

On Figa presents a perspective view showing another example of an element for pots for growing plants from Fig, and Fig.19b presents an enlarged perspective view showing the main part of the element for pots for growing plants from Fig.

The element 30 for pots for growing plants designed to be installed one after the other separated pots 30A for growing plants with equal intervals and their movements and includes front and rear container 31 having an aperture in the top surface and left and right ends; the left and right connecting plates 31' for connection by gluing the left and right ends of the containers 31 on each inner surface of the front and rear ends of the containers 31; hook plate 32 ∩-type in the middle section of the upper surface of the connecting plate 31'; pads 33 to close and connect the upper surface of the front and rear container 31 in the longitudinal direction, respectively; and openings 333 for supplying feed liquid formed with front and rear sides on the upper surface of the connecting plate 31'.

The connecting part 332 continues down the front and rear edges on ladok 33, and the connecting part 311 for connection of the connecting part 332 on the upper end of the front and rear surfaces of the container 31 has a recess and formed in the container 31.

If the user sets the pots 30A for growing plants in the holes 331 of the plates 33, pots 30A for growing plants can do the nutrients in the nutrient fluid entering the bottom of pots 30A for growing plants except the top sites pots 30A for growing plants, which protrude from each hole 331.

In addition, the lower surface of the left or right side of the container 31 is installed overflow pipe 31 and to release excess nutrient fluid and thereby maintain an appropriate level of nutrient fluid.

The device 40 of the feed fluid includes: a cylinder 45, horizontally mounted on the front end of the right surface of the frame 13; a feed valve 46 connected to the load element of the cylinder 45 and mounted for movement with the slide forward and backward; and the front and rear inlets 44, continuing down to the front and rear ends of the feed valve 46.

The first ends of the distribution pipes 43 are attached to the front and rear inlets 44, and the other ends connected to the pump (h is shown) for pumping the nutrient fluid, stored in the tank.

In addition, the front and rear inlets 44 are connected to the load element 451 cylinder with an interval that corresponds to the openings 333, directly located at the top and formed on the front and rear sections of each of the upper surfaces of the connecting plates 31'attached to the open left and right ends of the element 30 for pots for growing plants; holes 333 pass directly through the lower portion of the front and rear inlets 44 when moving items for pots for growing plants in a closed loop.

To feed the liquid in the device 40 of the feed fluid front and rear inlets 44 are moved in the rear direction, which is opposite to the direction of motion and motion in a closed circuit elements 30 for pots for growing plants, and then stop the load element 451 driving the cylinder in a state of movement and motion in a closed circuit elements 30 for pots for growing plants.

Under these conditions, the hole 333 formed in the elements 30 for pots for growing plants that move and move in a closed circuit, are fed directly to the lower section of the front and rear inlets 44, i.e. in its original position for receiving n the test fluid, and is detected by a sensor (not shown), the cylinder 45 is driven in the reverse direction to move the load element 451 cylinder at the same speed as elements for pots for growing plants that move and move in a closed circuit, and simultaneously opening the feed valve 46.

After completing the preceding steps, during displacement of the holes 333 and the front and rear inlets 44 at the same speed, the nutrient fluid sequentially passes through the feed valve 46, the front and rear inlets 44 and enters into the interior of the container 31 through the holes located on the lower section of the inlets 44.

The operation of the feed liquid is within distance at which the load element 451 is moved due to the reverse movement of the cylinder 45.

After completion of the moving operation of the feed liquid can be redone for supplying feed liquid to the next element 30 for pots for growing plants by actuation of the cylinder 45 to the reverse movement of the load element 451 cylinder.

As a result, the device 40 of the feed liquid may alternately apply a nourishing fluid in the elements for pots for growing plants the ez stop moving in a closed loop and may stop working, when the appropriate amount of nutrient fluid will be submitted to all members for pots for growing plants.

On the other hand, in the elements for pots for growing plants should be filed with the appropriate amount of nutrient fluid, because the amount of nutrient fluid supplied to the element for pots for growing plants, will increase as a result of operation of the device 40 of the feed liquid, and nutritious liquid flowing in the element for pots for growing plants, will be produced through an overflow pipe 31A.

In addition, the upper end of each outer surface of the tray 16 in which the open upper portion, is mounted and fixed in the longitudinal direction at the lower end of each rail 14, and then the lower end of the overflow pipe 31 and is located at the open upper end of the trough 16.

Drainage holes 16A formed in the rear end of the bottom surface of each tray 16, is connected with a reservoir tank through the collecting pipe 17, so that the nutritive fluid is drained through an overflow pipe 31 and fed into a collecting tank for subsequent reuse.

On Fig presents a perspective view showing another example of an element for pots for growing plants used in Fig..14.

In element 0 for pots for growing plants of another example, the upper portion 32A ∩-type formed on the middle portion of the upper surface of the connecting plate 31', and the lower portion 32b, continuing down from the upper end includes a hook plate λ-type.

Accordingly, the element 30 for pots for growing plants can always navigate and move through a closed circuit, maintaining a state of equilibrium, because in cases where the pots 30A for growing plants are moved in containers 31 and any of the parties with pots for growing plants, which is heavier, is centered on the upper plot hook 32A of the plate 32, is suspended on the hook axis 26, the lower portion of the λ-type hook plate 32 supports the center of the element for pots for growing plants, not allowing him to lean forward or backward.

On Fig presents a side view, which schematically shows a system of growing plants according to the fourth variant of implementation of the present invention, Fig presents a top view showing the system of growing plants from Fig; Fig presents a side view showing the main part of the system of growing plants from Fig; Fig presents an enlarged top view showing the main part of the system of growing plants from Fig; Fig presents an enlarged rear view showing the main part of the system of growing plants from Fig; Figa presented is EN enlarged perspective view, displaying the element for pots for growing plants from Fig; Fig.28b presents an enlarged side view showing the element for pots for growing plants from Figa; Figs presents an enlarged perspective view in a disassembled state showing the main part of the element for pots for growing plants from Figa; Figa presents an enlarged top view showing the main part of the feeder nutrient fluid from Fig; Fig.29b presents a top view showing a state of operating cylinder from Figa; Figa presents an enlarged side view, showing the device feeding the liquid from Figa; Fig.30b presents a side view showing a working state of the device feeding the liquid from Figa; and Fig presents an enlarged view in section, showing the state in which the nutrient fluid is supplied to the element for pots for growing plants from Figa.

The system of growing plants according to the fourth variant of implementation of the present invention includes a space 10 for growing plants and their collection, which has four walls and a ceiling made from vinyl, clear of plastikovaya panels, polyacrylate or glass, etc. that use the I, for example, in the manufacture of standard greenhouses made of glass or vinyl, and the door installed, typically, in one of the four walls; the gear motor 21: a number of left and right sprockets 22; and a number of left and right circuits 23. The system 20 movement in a closed path formed also as a system by the third variant of implementation of the present invention and includes a gear motor, some asterisks and the left and right circuits that are installed in the frame 13 and provide the advantage of using the internal space with the height or width of the room for plant growth, and plant species. However, the element 30 for pots for growing plants and the device 40 of the feed liquid are differences in design compared to the third alternative implementation of the present invention.

The element 30 for pots for growing plants includes a pair of container 31, the front and rear connecting plates 31' and the front and rear plates 33.

Front and rear containers 31 are elongated and of small width and include a top surface, left and right ends of which are open; two connecting part 311 having a recess and formed in the direction of the length on the upper side of the rear the front edges of the containers, and hole 333 to nutrient fluid, formed in the middle part of the front or rear surface at regular intervals.

These containers 31 are assembled on the open left and right ends by connecting with the front and rear mounting plates 31', so that the nutrient liquid was poured out. At this stage, the space 31b for penetration of nutrient liquid can be formed in the longitudinal direction between the containers, which are divided into front and rear.

At this time, holes 333 for nutrient fluid, formed in the middle part of the front or rear surface of the containers 31 are used for installation and fastening of the left and right ends of the connecting plate 31', facing each other.

Accordingly, the pumping nutrient liquid is supplied into the inner space of the front and rear of the container 31 through the nozzle and 43C and holes 333 by placing nozzles and 43C formed in the front and back surfaces of the horizontal section 43A of the distribution pipe 43, relative to the holes 333 of the front and rear container 31 when the horizontal section 43A rises from the bottom portion through the space 31b, as the device 40 of the feed fluid is in an enabled state.

In the middle stretch the top surface of the fixing plates 31' installed hook plate 32, while the upper portion 32A is of the form ∩-type, and the lower portion 32b, continuing down from one end to the other end of the upper section, is formed in the λ-form.

If the user suspends the hook plate 32 at equal intervals on the hook axis 26 that is attached to the inner surfaces of the left and right circuits 23, facing each other, the elements for pots for growing plants can be installed in limbo and horizontally move between the left and right chains.

In addition, with the outer sides of the connecting plates 31' mounted rollers 233, which is supported by means of roller guides 14', aimed down and continued as an integral part to the inner lower edge of the guide 14. Thus, the weight element 30 for pots for growing plants does not load the left and right circuit 23, and the elements for pots for growing plants and chains move smoothly and moving along a closed loop in a stable mode.

Plate 33 closes and connects the upper surface of the front and rear of the container 31 in the longitudinal direction, respectively, and the connecting part 332 continues down the front and back sides of the plates, and holes 331 under the pots 30A for growing plants formed in the upper surface with constant what intervalli.

Accordingly, the element 30 for pots for growing plants is always able to navigate and move through a closed circuit, maintaining a state of equilibrium, because in cases where the pots 30A for growing plants installed in the holes 331 of each of the pads 33 and any side pots for growing plants, which is heavier, is centered on the upper plot hook 32A of the plate 32, is suspended on the hook axis 26, the lower portion of the λ-type hook plate 32 supports the center of the element for pots for growing plants, not allowing him to lean forward or backward.

The device 40 of the feed fluid according to the fourth variant of implementation of the present invention is installed in the middle part of the front surface of the frame 13 and includes a distribution pipe 43, the cylinder 45, the vertical cylinder collecting tank 47 and 48.

Distribution pipe 43 includes a horizontal section 43A, the left and right ends 43b, double-curved at both ends of the horizontal section in a vertical and then a horizontal direction, respectively, and nozzles and 43C, horizontally formed in the front and back surfaces of the horizontal section at equal intervals.

The end of the left end 43b of the distribution pipe 43 is inserted into the guide groove 181, the vertical is the material formed in the inner side of the guide plate 18, on the left side of the frame for vertical lifting and lowering, while the right end is fixed and installed on the upper end of the load element 471 vertical cylinder 47.

Accordingly, since the vertical cylinder 47 is actuated and the load element 471 is able to rise vertically, the distribution pipe 43 horizontally rises. If the vertical cylinder 47 moves in the opposite direction, the load element 471 may vertically be omitted.

The right end of the distribution pipe 43 is connected with a supply pipe 42, which is also connected to a pump (not shown) for pumping nutrient liquid stored in the tank for the nutrient fluid (not shown)so as to take a nourishing fluid, while the left end is sealed to avoid pouring the nutritional liquid.

Retention tank 48 has a rectangular shape, and its upper surface is open, and the left and right surfaces 48b less height than the front and back surfaces 48A. The distance between the left and right surfaces slightly smaller than the interval between the left and right sides of the element 30 for pots for growing plants, while the distance between the front and rear surfaces more silent interval between the front and rear sides of the element on the I pots for growing plants.

Accordingly, if the retention tank 48 is raised and then stops, left and right ends of the bottom portion of the element for pots for growing plants exposed to the outside of the left and right surfaces of the collecting tank 48, and the front and rear ends of the lower section of the element for pots for growing plants are located between the front and rear surfaces of the collecting tank 48. Retention tank 48 is raised, and the upper end of the left and right ends 48b, which is smaller than the front and rear surfaces 48A height, can support the left and right sections of the lower surface of the element for pots for growing plants at the lower part of the element for pots for growing plants.

According to the above description will be nutritious liquid, partially iridescent during the feed fluid, and nutrient fluid can be collected in a collecting tank 48 without pouring out because of the hole 333 to nutrient fluid, formed in the front and rear containers 331 element 30 for pots for growing plants, and nozzles and 43C, installed in a distribution pipe 43, which should correspond to each other, are located in the inner space of the collecting tank 48.

In addition, the outer left and right surface of the precast b is ka 48 vertically mounted at the bottom portion of the left and right ends 43b distribution pipe 43 in the transverse direction of the inner upper section with the upper ends of the left and right surfaces 48b, where horizontal section 43A of the distribution pipe 43 has a smaller height. Thus, the retention tank 48 and distribution pipe 43 can move forward and backward and vertically up and down.

In addition, at the end of the bottom portion of the collecting tank 48 is provided a drain hole 481 for connection with a reservoir tank with the help of the team of the pipe, so that the collected nutrient liquid can be collected in a collecting tank 48.

When the nutrient fluid is supplied in the above-described element 30 for pots for growing plants, the cylinder 45, a horizontally positioned in the upper plot on the right side of the frame 13, is provided in a condition in which the elements 30 for pots for growing plants, having front and rear containers 31 are moved and moving along a closed circuit, so that the vertical cylinder 47, vertically mounted and fixed on the load element 451, due to the movement of the cylinder 45 mounted in the upper section of on the right side of the frame 13, is moved in the direction opposite to the direction of movement and movement in a closed the circuit elements 30 for pots for growing plants, and stops, and then distributing pipe 43 and retention tank 48 can move backward.

Under these conditions the space 31b between the front and rear container 31 ELEH the enta for pots for growing plants, used for intake of the nutrient fluid elements 30 for pots for growing plants that move and move in a closed circuit, is fed directly to the upper part of the distribution pipe 43, i.e. the initial position for receiving a nutrient fluid, and is detected by a sensor (not shown); then (1) the cylinder 45 is driven in the reverse direction to move the load element 451 cylinder at the same speed as elements for pots for growing plants that move and move in a closed circuit, and (2) the vertical movement of the cylinder is stopped, and same time operates the device 40 of the feed liquid in the case where the horizontal section 43A of the distribution pipe 43 rises to the space 31b of the load element 471 due to the vertical movement of the cylinder 47, and the nozzle and 43C, installed in the front and back surfaces and openings 333 for nutrient fluid facing each other.

After completing the preceding steps, during displacement of the holes 333 and the front and rear inlets 44 at the same speed, the nutrient fluid sequentially passes through the feed valve 46, the front and rear inlets 44 and enters into the interior of the container 31 through the holes in the lower section itasco is 44.

The operation of the feed liquid is within distance at which the vertical cylinder stops moving, and the load element 451 is moved due to the reverse movement of the cylinder 45.

After completion of the moving operation of the feed liquid can be redone for supplying feed liquid to the next element 30 for pots for growing plants by stopping the reverse movement of the vertical cylinder 47 and actuate the cylinder 45 to the reverse movement of the load element 451 cylinder when distributing pipe 43 is fully lowered load element 471, since the backward movement of the cylinder 45 is stopped, and the vertical cylinder simultaneously driven in the opposite direction.

As a result, the device 40 of the feed liquid may alternately apply a nourishing fluid in the elements for pots for growing plants without stopping movement in a closed loop and may stop working when the appropriate amount of nutrient fluid will be submitted to all members for pots for growing plants.

On the other hand, in the elements for pots for growing plants should be filed with the appropriate amount of nutrient fluid, because the number is the amount of nutrient fluid, supplied to the element 30 for pots for growing plants, will increase as a result of operation of the device 40 of the feed liquid, and nutritious liquid flowing in the element for pots for growing plants, will be produced through an overflow pipe 31A.

In addition, the upper end of each outer surface of the tray 16 in which the open upper portion, is mounted and fixed in the longitudinal direction at the lower end of each rail 14, and then the lower end of the overflow pipe 31 and is located at the open upper end of the trough 16.

Drainage holes 16A formed in the rear end of the bottom surface of each tray 16, is connected with a reservoir tank through the collecting pipe 17, so that (1) the nutrient fluid is drained through an overflow pipe 31A, was fed into a collecting tank (2) and in case there is a nutritious liquid flowing through the nozzle and 43C connected to a reservoir tank, and fall into a collecting tank along with a nutrient fluid is supplied to the holes 333 for nutrient fluid, since the drain hole 481 formed in the bottom surface of the collecting tank 48, is connected with a reservoir tank through a separate tube 17' for later reuse.

The system of growing plants on the third and fourth variants of execution of the present invention also who engages in air intake fan 51 for cleaned outside air or recirculated inside air; this ensures smooth control of the internal temperature, fresh air and proper ventilation, which allows you to create a favourable environment. In addition, plants can be grown in a favorable environment to accelerate their growth and development, as well as exceptions rotting plants and fruits.

In addition, in the respective shaded areas of the frame 13 is installed a number of lamps that can be included if necessary. Accordingly, provided the plant growth and harvest over a short period of time in any weather, not only without a significant impact on the environment, but also regardless of the place of growing plants, since plants planted in pots 30A for growing plants, can evenly receive light energy regardless of where you move elements 30 for pots for growing plants.

In the third and fourth versions of the present invention as a sensor, which detects the original position of the element for pots for growing plants, used photosensitive or limit switch, and in these variants perform its description is omitted.

In versions of the present invention from the first to the fourth system 20 motion by C is monotomy circuit, the elements 30 for pots for growing plants, the device 40 of the feed fluid and the blower 50 can be controlled automatically using the automated control system and optionally can have manual control.

In addition, in the first, second and fourth embodiments, the performance of the present invention, the element 30 for pots for growing plants moved horizontally and moves on-shaped trajectory in the inner space 10 for growing plants, while the element 30 for pots for growing plants repeatedly raised or lowered to move and movement in a closed path in the inner space for growing plants. However, this example is given in a descriptive and not restrictive purposes.

The above embodiment of the claimed invention is given only for the purpose of explanation, and expert in this field of technology should be understood that other embodiments of the invention and that the details of the invention can be modified depending on various conditions in the inner space for growing plants or at the installation site, and without deviating from the concept and scope of the present invention.

1. The system of growing plants is to contains:
the system 20 movement through a closed circuit, which includes a number of shafts 24 mounted on the respective frame sections 13, installed in room 10 for growing plants; some asterisks 22 installed on a number of shafts 24, respectively; the left and right circuit 23 for installation on a number of sprockets 22 in order of priority; geared motor 21 mounted on any shaft from a number of shafts 24 and connected to this shaft;
some elements 30 for pots for growing plants, comprising a container 31 having an aperture in the upper surface, and a hook plate 32 attached to the left and right ends of the upper surface of the container for axial installation and connection by hanging on the left and right hook axes 26, horizontally attached at equal intervals in the inner space of the left and right circuits 23, facing each other; and to move, and movement along a closed contour in the inner space 10 for growing plants due to the suspension with the possibility of rotation between the left and right chains 23 use the left and right hook to the axes 26 and hook plates 32;
the device 40 of the feed liquid is La feed fluid to a certain number of cells for 30 pots for growing plants; and
the blower 50, installed in room 10 for growing plants to supply filtered outside air into the room 10 for growing plants or for internal circulation of air.

2. The system of growing plants according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains a number of lamps 60, mounted on the frame 13 at regular intervals in the transverse direction for lighting elements 30 for pots for growing plants.

3. The system of growing plants according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains the reflector 10A installed indoors 10 for growing plants to reflect sunlight throughout the system 20 motion in a closed circuit elements 30 for pots for growing plants.

4. The system of growing plants according to claim 1, characterized in that a unit 10 for growing plants made of a transparent material, such as vinyl, clear plastic panels, polyacrylate or glass and so on; and the device 40 of the feed fluid includes a pump 41 for pumping nutrient fluid; inlet tube 42 having an end connected to the pump 41, and the other end 421 to drain from the middle section of the edge of the frame 13 to the lower and inner sections; distribution pipe 43, mounted horizontally in the longitudinal direction at the middle of Castleberry part of a number of elements 30 for pots for growing plants and connected in the middle part with the other end 421 and held in the lower part of the frame 13; and the inlet 44, mounted in the lower part of the distribution pipe 43 at regular intervals.

5. The system of growing plants according to claim 1, characterized in that the blower 50 includes an air intake fan 51; blower tube 52 formed along the lower end of the frame 13 by connecting the rear end of the air blowing fan 51; a number leaf blower pipe 53 formed in the transverse direction on the bottom surface of the frame 13 by connecting the rear end of the air blowing fan 51 at regular intervals; and an exhaust pipe 54 formed at regular intervals on each upper surface of the leaf blower pipe 53.

6. The system of growing plants according to claim 1, characterized in that the frame 13 includes left and right front vertical rod 131; left and right horizontal rod 132, where each of the rear part is attached to the front vertical rod 131 and proceeds forward in the outer direction; left and right rear vertical rod 133; left and right vertical rod 134, located directly on the rear side of the front vertical rod 131; a number of left and right horizontal support rods 135 for horizontal joining and fastening to the top and bottom part the Cam and the intermediate section of the front vertical rod 131, the rear vertical rod 133 and the left and right vertical rods 134 and a number of left and right inclined support rods 136 to the bending of the connection and fixation of the left and right horizontal rods 132;
both ends of each shaft 24 is mounted a number of sprocket 22, the shafts continue in the transverse direction at the corresponding sections of the upper end and the lower end of the front vertical rod 131, the front end of the left and right horizontal bars 132 and the upper end, middle end and lower end of left and right vertical rods 134; and
the left and right circuit 23 is set in the horizontal direction and is moved by a sprocket 22, which is located at the lower end of the left and right front vertical rod 131, the sprocket 22, which is located at the upper end of the front vertical rod 131, using the sprocket 22, which is located on the front end of the left and right horizontal bars 132, sprocket 22, which is located on the upper end of the rear vertical rod 133, the sprocket 22, which is located at the upper end of the left and right vertical rods 134, sprocket 22, which is located on the middle end of the rear vertical rod 133, the sprocket 22, which is located in the middle left and right vertical rods 134 and the sprocket 22, which is located on the lower end of the rear vertical rods is 133, respectively.

7. The system of growing plants according to claim 1, characterized in that the frame 13 includes a number of left and right elongated vertical rods 138; a number of short vertical rods 139, alternately installed one by one with constant interval between a certain number of left and right vertical rods 138; and a number of left and right horizontal bars 132 for fastening the upper end and the lower end of a certain amount of left and right vertical rods 138 and a number of short vertical rods 139, respectively;
a number of left and right sprocket 22 is fixed in the axial direction on the left and right ends of a number of shafts 24 mounted in the transverse direction on the upper ends of the left and right vertical rods 138 and the upper and lower ends of the left and right horizontal bars 132, located at the upper end and the lower end of the short vertical rods 139; and
the left and right circuit 23, where a certain number of items for 30 pots for growing plants repeatedly raised and lowered diagonally in the vertical direction between the left and right sprockets 22 located on the upper portion of the left and right vertical rods 138, and the left and right sprockets 22, located at the upper section of short vertical rods 139 by rotating the hanging chains on sprockets 22, mounted on the left and right ends of the shaft 24.

8. The system of growing plants according to claim 6, characterized in that the guides 14 are assembled horizontally to maintain the chain 23 in each appropriate place, where the chain 23 passes through the inner sides of the front vertical rod 131, the left and right rear vertical rods 133 and the left and right vertical rods 134.

9. The system of growing plants of claim 8, wherein the diameter of each chain roller 231 chain is longer than the top and bottom widths of the inner and outer plates 232; chain roller 231 rests on the lower portion of the rail 14, and the inner and outer plates 232 are in contact with the guide; and the recess 141 of the guide, which is the outer surface of the chain rollers 231, is formed in the upper and lower surfaces of the guide 14.

10. The system of growing plants according to claim 6, characterized in that the recess 141 of the guide to maintain the left and right circuits 23 is located on the inner side of the front vertical rod 131, the left and right rear vertical rods 133 and the left and right vertical rods 134, while the guide 14' roller is formed as an integral part of continuing in the lower direction on the inner end of the lower surface of the guide 14; and
roller 233 rotates and moves around under arivudai guide 14', thus the rollers 233 are installed in the left and right surfaces of the element 30 for pots for growing plants.

11. The system of growing plants according to claim 6, characterized in that the left and right vertical support rod 137 is installed at the left and right sides of the front vertical rod 131, the left and right rear vertical rods 133 and the left and right vertical rods 134; front and rear horizontal support rod 137' is installed and fastened in the transverse direction on each respective section with the inner sides of the left and right vertical support rods 137, which corresponds to the passage through the lower surface of element 30 for pots for growing plants; and a holding guide 15 is installed in the longitudinal direction on the upper left and right the horizontal support rods 137'.

12. The system of growing plants according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the element 30 for pots for growing plants includes a container 31 having an aperture in the upper surface and the drainage hole 314 formed on the lower side; the connecting portion 312 formed in the longitudinal direction on the front and rear surfaces with the upper side of the container 31; and the retention plate 34, which includes the region where the connecting part 341 is formed in the horizontal healthy lifestyles the Institute for attachment to the container and separating from it, and the other side, continuing down the slope and having a curved surface.

13. The system of growing plants according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the element 30 for pots for growing plants includes hook plate 32, with the upper end of the ∩-type for hanging on a hook axis 26 and the lower end for mounting the mounting plate 321 on both ends of the upper surface of the container, respectively, and the pad 33 connected to the opening for closing the upper surface and formed with holes 331 under the pots 30A for growing plants.

14. The system of growing plants according to claim 6, characterized in that the element 30 for pots for growing plants also contains the sensor 35 mounted in a hole formed on one side of the mounting plate 321.

15. The system of growing plants according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the element 30 for pots for growing plants includes a container 31 having an aperture in the upper surface and formed in a longitudinal direction; a hook plate 32, with the upper end of the ∩-type and the lower end for mounting the mounting plate 321 on both ends of the upper surface of the container 31, respectively; a separate plate 36 formed with a hole 333 and attached in the transverse direction in the middle of an open-ver is a surface; the left and right pads 33, covering the top surface and attached thereto, the upper surface separated by a plate 36 on the left and right parts, respectively.

16. The system of growing plants according to claim 1, characterized in that the element 30 for pots for growing plants includes a container 31 formed in the longitudinal direction and having an open top surface; a hook plate 32, with the upper end of the ∩-type and the lower end for mounting the mounting plate 321 on both ends of the upper surface of the container 31, respectively; a separate plate 36 formed with a hole 333 and attached in the transverse direction in the middle of an open top surface; left and right pads 33, covering the top surface and attached thereto, the upper surface separated by plate 36 on the left and right parts, respectively; and a sensor 35 mounted in a hole formed on one side of the mounting plate 321,
the device 40 of the feed liquid contains the cylinder 45, horizontally mounted on the front end of the right surface of the frame 13; a feed valve 46 connected to the load element of the cylinder 45 and mounted for movement with the slide forward and backward; and the front and rear inlets 44 for the Netanya nutrient fluid in the holes 333 directly with the upper hand during the movement of holes 333 at the same speed, as the speed of the element 30 for pots for growing plants, due to the installation of the front and rear ends of the feed valve 46, respectively, the intervals between the holes 333 formed in the front and rear upper surfaces of the connecting plates 31'.

17. The system of growing plants according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the element 30 for pots for growing plants includes front and rear container 31 having an aperture in the top surface and left and right ends; the left and right connecting plates 31' for connection by gluing the left and right ends of the containers 31; hook plate 32 ∩-type in the middle section of the upper surface of the connecting plate 31'; pads 33 to close and connect the upper surface of the front and rear of the container 31 is formed with holes 331 under the pots for growing plants in the upper surface of the permanent intervals; and openings 333 for supplying feed liquid formed with front and rear sides on the upper surface of the connecting plate 31'.

18. The system of growing plants according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the element 30 for pots for growing plants includes a container 31 having an aperture in the top surface and left and right ends; the left and right connecting plates 3' for connection by gluing the left and right ends of the container 31; hook plate having the upper end 32A ∩-type and the lower end 32b λ-type, continuing down from the top 32A for installation on a middle portion of the upper surface of the left and right connecting plates 31'; and openings 333 for supplying feed liquid formed with front and rear sides on the upper surface of the connecting plate 31'.

19. The system of growing plants according to claim 1, characterized in that the front and rear of the containers formed in the longitudinal direction and have a hole in the top surface and left and right ends; the left and right connecting plates 31' for connection by gluing open the left and right ends of the front and rear sides of each of the inner surface of the container 31 for education platform 31b for penetration of nourishing liquids between containers; hole 333 to nutrient fluid, formed in the front and rear sections of the upper surface of the connecting plates 31'; hook plate having the upper end 32A ∩-type and the lower end 32b λ-type, continuing down from the top 32A for installation on a middle portion of the upper surface of the left and right connecting plates 31'; and the pads 33 to close and connect the upper surface of the front and rear of the container 31 is formed with holes 331 under the pots to grow the project plant in the upper surface at regular intervals; and
the device 40 of the feed liquid contains the cylinder 45, horizontally mounted on the front end of the right surface of the frame 13; a vertical cylinder 47, vertically mounted and fixed on the load element 451 cylinder 45; distribution pipe 43 with the left end of the left and right ends 43b distribution pipe 43, is inserted into the guide groove 181, a vertically formed in the inner side of the guide plate 18 on the left side of the frame for vertical lifting and lowering, and the right end, which is attached and mounted on the upper end of the load element 471 vertical cylinder 47; collecting tank 48 is vertically mounted on the lower section of the left and right ends 43b distribution pipe 43 in the transverse direction of the inner upper section; a feed valve 46 connected to the load element 451 cylinder 45 and mounted for movement with the slide forward and backward; and a nozzle and 43C for the discharge of nutrient fluid in the holes 333 for nutrient fluid as it moves with the same speed as the speed of the element 30 for pots for growing plants, by lifting the platform 31b and align the holes 333 on the adjacent surfaces of the container 31 with the front and rear surfaces of the distribution truby in the transverse direction on the inner upper side of the precast tank 48.

20. The system of growing plants according to claim 19, characterized in that the collecting tank 48 is formed so that the left and right surfaces have a smaller height than the front and back surfaces; the distance between the left and right surfaces slightly smaller than the interval between the left and right sides of the element 30 for pots for growing plants, and the distance between the front and rear surfaces is slightly larger than the spacing between the front and rear sides of the element 30 for pots for growing plants; tank contains in the bottom surface of the drain hole 481 for nutrient liquid.

21. The system of growing plants according to claim 6, characterized in that the guides 14 that supports the left and right circuit 23, is installed in the inner space of the frame 13; roller guides 14' is directed downward and continue as an integral part to the inner bottom surface of the guide 14 in; tray 16, in which the upper portion is open, installed and attached in the longitudinal direction at the lower end of the guide roller 14'; and
the element 30 for pots for growing plants includes rollers 233, installed on the left and right surfaces, which must be supported by the roller guides 14'; and with the left or right side of the lower surface of element 30 for pots for growing plants is the second set overflow pipe 31A, located in the upper part of the tray 16 with the bottom of each end.

22. The system of growing plants according to claim 1, characterized in that the shaft 24 directly perceiving torque from the gear motor 21 and one of the shafts 24, which has a number of left and right asterisks inside the frame 13, is a long shaft running in the transverse direction in the inner space of the frame 13, while the shafts 24 that are located in other places, are short shafts, not passing in the transverse direction in the inner space of the frame 13.

23. The system of growing plants according to article 22, characterized in that the diameter of the sprocket 22 mounted on the shaft 24, directly perceiving torque from the gear motor 21, and which is one of the right and left sprockets 22, exceeds the diameter of the sprockets installed in other places.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method of the sticker production containing seeds, in which the transfer paper 10 is prepared, on which a coating 11 is applied which is cut to a predetermined length, the adhesive layer 20 is formed by applying an adhesive on the coating 11 of the transfer paper 10, pelleted seeds 30 are prepared and placed at regular intervals on the adhesive layer 20; a layer of red soil 40 is placed on the pelleted seeds 30, the film 50 of water-soluble resin is attached to the layer of red soil 40 so that the edges of the film 50 are adhered to the adhesive layer 20, and the finished sticker with seeds is cut with the predetermined sizes and the desired shape. The identification code or radio frequency identification chip (RFID) may also be attached comprising information about the seed on the film, and attaching the identification code or an RFID chip is performed prior to cutting the finished sticker with seeds.

EFFECT: simplification of seed germination.

6 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: inventions relate to the field of agriculture. The method includes calculated or instrumental determination of exergy values of plant radiation parameters. In a complex multi-factor system "plant - environmental factors - control factors" they select an order variable from a large number of variables, and this variable is the most quickly varying and most intensely acting at processes in the system, also control parameters are selected, with the help of which it is possible to influence productional processes of plants. At the same time the order variable is inflow of optical radiation exergy to plant in respect to plant photosynthesis. The control parameters are temperature, air moisture, soil moisture, concentration of mineral elements of root nutrition. For arid southern zones of agriculture with excess of solar optical radiation and lack of moisture, the order variable selected is soil moisture - exergy of soil water potential. For northern cold areas of agriculture the order variable is ambient air temperature - exergy of temperature potential, and total exergy of optical radiation in respect to plant photosynthesis for these areas of agriculture is included into the number of control parameters. The device comprises a comparator, a timer, a memory unit, a sensor of solar radiation exergy, an ambient temperature sensor, a soil temperature sensor, a soil moisture sensor. The control logical switchboard has five control switches. At the same time inputs of control switches are connected to the first, second, third, fourth and fifth outputs of the control logical switchboard. The sensor of optical radiation exergy capacity is connected to the fifth input of the control logical switchboard. The unit designed for functioning under conditions of arid southern areas of agriculture with excess of solar optical radiation additionally contains a unit for calculation of soil water potential exergy, the output of which is connected to the first input of the comparator. The unit designed for functioning under conditions of northern cold areas additionally contains a unit for calculation of temperature potential exergy, at the same time the output of the unit for calculation of temperature potential exergy is connected to the second input of the memory unit.

EFFECT: inventions make it possible to increase productivity of plants and to increase energy efficiency of crop sector.

2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment for preparation of working solutions used for watering and feeding plants in greenhouses. The device for automated preparation of working solutions comprises a container with liquid level sensors placed in it and the activator impeller, a dispenser of bulk materials, an activator and a collector with branch pipes for connection of pipelines of the irrigation system to them. To supply water to the container there is a pipeline with stop valve in the form of electromagnetic valve. To drain the solution into the sewer there is a pipeline with a stop valve in the form of an electromagnetic valve. The device is located above the level of the greenhouse irrigation system, which uses a jet-cyclical way of watering plants.

EFFECT: simplifying design of the device for preparation of working solutions.

1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: factory-greenhouse has a foundation, a chief south and north walls, a deflector in the upper part of the greenhouse to create a vertical movement of air from the greenhouse to the outside. The factory-greenhouse has an internal support structure with horizontal girders for mounting vertical cultivating columns in the form of corrugated plastic pipes and location of the system for creation of water aerosol, a translucent sealed cover mounted on the support structure, the trenches with perforated covers on the greenhouse floor for laying air ducts, sewers for collection of nutrient solution and pipelines for supply of nutrient solution to the cultivation columns, a ventilation system with an intake and cleaning air for supply to the greenhouse through air ducts through the holes in the covers of the floor trenches. The factory-greenhouse comprises a reflector of sunlight and artificial light, a spotlight with colour optics, a mud room, as well as an irrigation system of translucent cover in the form of a pumping system, a main pipeline with holes for outdoor irrigation of the coating, the collector of water flowing down from the coating for subsequent spraying it after cleaning and sterilisation inside the greenhouse through the nozzles to produce an aerosol of water and water vapour. The method is characterised in that it comprises the supply of filtered air to the greenhouse through the holes in the floor of the greenhouse to generate ventilation according to the scheme of bottom-up and outlet of air through one or more holes at the upper part of the greenhouse to prevent ingress inside the premises of pests, creation in the upper part of the greenhouse of water stable water aerosol, highlighting of water aerosol by spotlights with colour optics, reflection and concentration of sunlight and artificial light, outer irrigation of translucent coating with water and collecting this water for subsequent spraying after cleaning and sterilisation in the greenhouse, cultivation of plants on vertically arranged columns.

EFFECT: proposed device and method provide the most complete use of sunlight and artificial light for light and colour stimulation of plants, prevent ingress into interior of the greenhouse of pests, dust and rainwater, which enables to provide high quality plant products.

2 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: pot is made of a material which decomposes under the influence of moisture. The pot comprises a wall 1 and a bottom 2. On the inner/outer surface of the wall/bottom a layer of water soluble adhesive substance 3 is applied, and then - a layer of mineral fertiliser 4, taken in a volume ratio of 1:2-2:1. The wall of the pot is provided with folded edges 5 attached to its outer surface. On the edges a layer of water soluble adhesive substance is applied, and then - a layer of mineral fertiliser taken in a volume ratio of 1:2-2:1. According to the second embodiment, the pot is made of a material which decomposes under the influence of moisture. The pot comprises a wall 1 and a bottom 2. On the inner/outer surface of the wall/bottom a layer of a mixture 6 of water soluble adhesive substance and mineral fertiliser is applied, taken in a volume ratio of 1:2-2:1. The wall of the pot is provided with folded edges 5 attached to its outer surface. On the edges a layer of a mixture 6 of water soluble adhesive and mineral fertiliser is applied, taken in a volume ratio of 1:2-2:1.

EFFECT: implementation extends the useful properties of the pot for growing sprouts.

4 cl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: pot is made of a material which decomposes under the influence of moisture. The pot comprises a wall 1 and a bottom 2. On the inner/outer surface of the wall/bottom a layer of water soluble adhesive substance 3 is applied, and then - a layer of mineral fertiliser 4, taken in a volume ratio of 1:2-2:1. The wall of the pot is provided with folded edges 5 attached to its outer surface. On the edges a layer of water soluble adhesive substance is applied, and then - a layer of mineral fertiliser taken in a volume ratio of 1:2-2:1. According to the second embodiment, the pot is made of a material which decomposes under the influence of moisture. The pot comprises a wall 1 and a bottom 2. On the inner/outer surface of the wall/bottom a layer of a mixture 6 of water soluble adhesive substance and mineral fertiliser is applied, taken in a volume ratio of 1:2-2:1. The wall of the pot is provided with folded edges 5 attached to its outer surface. On the edges a layer of a mixture 6 of water soluble adhesive and mineral fertiliser is applied, taken in a volume ratio of 1:2-2:1.

EFFECT: implementation extends the useful properties of the pot for growing sprouts.

4 cl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the field of agriculture. In the method from a large number of variables the variable of order is selected in a complex multifactorial system "plant - environmental factors", changing the most rapidly and influencing most strongly on the processes in the system. Also the control parameters are chosen by which it is possible to carry out the influence on the productive processes of plants. At that the level of effectiveness of agro-technologies is determined by the ratio of the value of the exergy of the variable of order in the actually obtained crop production, in the experiment with the estimated agro-technology to the value of the theoretical exergy of the variable of order obtained by calculating from the expression: η(%)="рпц"/℮tpp where η is an indicator of the effectiveness level of optimality of agro-technologies, ℮"рпц" is real yield in exegetical units, ℮tpp is theoretical value of potentially possible yield under the given environmental conditions in exegetical units. The device comprises a sensor of exergy of optical radiation for crop production, the unit of estimated value calculation of exergy of power of exergy of optical radiation, a storage unit. The device comprises the unit of determining the level of efficiency of agro-technologies. At that the output of the unit of exergy of power calculation of optical radiation is connected to the first input of the unit of determining the level of efficiency-optimality of agro-technologies, the output of the storage unit is connected to the second input of the unit of determining the level of efficiency of agro-technologies, and the output of the unit of determining the level of efficiency of agro-technologies is connected with the operator agro or the input of the information system.

EFFECT: inventions enable to increase the productivity of plants by plant cultivation taking into account the environmental conditions of the land.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: greenhouse comprises a roof structure 4, at least one row of several pillars 2a-2f. The pillars support at least a part of the roof structure 4. The tray 50f for growing plants extends inside the greenhouse in the direction of the said row of pillars and rests on the pillars arranged one after another in the said row. The tray 50f for growing plants has a central axis that extends in the longitudinal direction of the tray for growing plants and passes through the pillars arranged one after another.

EFFECT: in this implementation of the greenhouse its ease of use increases and use of incident daylight is improved.

15 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. In the method the seeds or root stalks of Hindu lotus are planted in containers at least ј filled with soil consisting of manure or well-digested plant mulch, peat-moss, sand and clay in equal proportions. After planting the plants are poured with shallow and transparent water, which level after the appearance of standing leaves is increased to 50 cm. After the appearance of new leaves from March to October in 3-4 steps the 3% water soluble magnesium oxide is applied in an amount of 5 g/l, in blooming period every 7-10 days the fast-acting phosphate fertilisers are applied. During the stage of ripening and growth of root stalks every 20 days N20P10K20 is applied at the rate of 120-150 grams per 500 litre container, the temperature regime is provided not lower than 20°C at planting seed material - seeds, root stalks, not lower than 25°C in vegetation and flowering, and not lower than 15°C in the last month before the root stalks harvesting. To reduce the disease incidence of red spider and to prevent deformation of young leaves spraying with water is carried out several times a day.

EFFECT: method enables to increase productivity and to provide quality control of the obtained product.

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture and viticulture. The method includes the installation of vertical guide supports and fixation on them of stems of vegetable crops. And the vertical supports are located over the vegetable crop and are made in form of two consecutive spirals - the lower is made in the form of a cone with a reduced diameter at the upper part, not higher than the level of fruit formation of the vegetable crop, and the second upper spiral is made with a diameter which is not less than the diameter of the stem of a vegetable crop, and its upper end is located at the level of maximum growth of the vegetable crop.

EFFECT: method enables to improve the construction stability without the procedure of tying.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, namely, the hydroponic cultivation of green fodder, and is intended for making low-compound vitaminised food mixture consisting of chopped straw and grains sprouted on it. The device for preparation of vitaminised food mixture comprises a loading device, conveyor-germinator and a humidification system. The device on the loading site of the conveyor-germinator is equipped with a screw dosing straw chopper, which is a horizontal cylindrical housing with two screw working bodies placed in it. Screw working bodies have the opposite direction of winding and rotation, one of which is made with a solid screw and is set inside another screw working body with a belt conveyor. The level of grinding and dispensing is regulated by butterfly valve, which changes the size of the output window. Loading the device with straw is carried out with a flight conveyer.

EFFECT: improving the quality of the final product due to a more even distribution of the chopped straw to the width of the conveyor-germinator belt, and reducing the number of support operations in the manufacturing process.

2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device relates to agriculture, in particular to equipment for germinating grain for vitamin forage for animals and birds. The grain germination conveyor consists of a bath for soaking grain, conveyors. At that, the conveyor is made of five transporters for germination grains in each of them during the day, with an overall time required for germination of five days. Over the second to last fourth and the last fifth conveyors radiation lamps are installed, the transporters are located with displacement one above the other.

EFFECT: device improves the efficiency of grain germination by straight-line of the process precluding an overload of grain during germination.

3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, soil-free growing of fodder crops, in particular, preparing of low-component vitaminized feed mixture consisting of ground straw and grain germinated therein.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has charging device, germinating conveyor, and moistening system. Charging device has belt-type feeding and dosing unit with lateral arrangement of discharge window for feeding of grain. Feeding chamber for straw is positioned under discharge window. Height ratio of charging and discharge windows is 3:1. Moistening system has boom-type sprayers with deflector tips arranged above germinating conveyor over the entire length thereof. Drum-finger pickup positioned at the end of germinating conveyor is adapted for discharge of ready feed mixture.

EFFECT: improved water, air and heat modes for root medium, and increased volume of feeds which do not require additional processing.

3 cl, 2 dwg

The invention relates to agriculture

The invention relates to agriculture, namely to hydroponics without substrate

The invention relates to methods and means for the substrate-free growing plants in vegetation pipes by affecting the root system of plants spray of nutrient solution

The invention relates to agriculture, namely, devices hydroponics for growing green fodder, mostly without substrate, for animal feeding

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, soil-free growing of fodder crops, in particular, preparing of low-component vitaminized feed mixture consisting of ground straw and grain germinated therein.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has charging device, germinating conveyor, and moistening system. Charging device has belt-type feeding and dosing unit with lateral arrangement of discharge window for feeding of grain. Feeding chamber for straw is positioned under discharge window. Height ratio of charging and discharge windows is 3:1. Moistening system has boom-type sprayers with deflector tips arranged above germinating conveyor over the entire length thereof. Drum-finger pickup positioned at the end of germinating conveyor is adapted for discharge of ready feed mixture.

EFFECT: improved water, air and heat modes for root medium, and increased volume of feeds which do not require additional processing.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device relates to agriculture, in particular to equipment for germinating grain for vitamin forage for animals and birds. The grain germination conveyor consists of a bath for soaking grain, conveyors. At that, the conveyor is made of five transporters for germination grains in each of them during the day, with an overall time required for germination of five days. Over the second to last fourth and the last fifth conveyors radiation lamps are installed, the transporters are located with displacement one above the other.

EFFECT: device improves the efficiency of grain germination by straight-line of the process precluding an overload of grain during germination.

3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, namely, the hydroponic cultivation of green fodder, and is intended for making low-compound vitaminised food mixture consisting of chopped straw and grains sprouted on it. The device for preparation of vitaminised food mixture comprises a loading device, conveyor-germinator and a humidification system. The device on the loading site of the conveyor-germinator is equipped with a screw dosing straw chopper, which is a horizontal cylindrical housing with two screw working bodies placed in it. Screw working bodies have the opposite direction of winding and rotation, one of which is made with a solid screw and is set inside another screw working body with a belt conveyor. The level of grinding and dispensing is regulated by butterfly valve, which changes the size of the output window. Loading the device with straw is carried out with a flight conveyer.

EFFECT: improving the quality of the final product due to a more even distribution of the chopped straw to the width of the conveyor-germinator belt, and reducing the number of support operations in the manufacturing process.

2 dwg

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