Collapsible support or frame structure

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: structural block comprises the first and second element, identical to the above first element, at the same time each of the above elements has, in general, a parallelogram shape with a central hole and a cut in one angle and inner walls formed at least in the above central hole, at the same time the above element rotates relative to the other element approximately at the angle of 180°, and each element has a truncated inner surface, partially formed by the above inner hole; each element is connected with the other element by means of stretching via the central hole of the other element and substantially closing this central hole, and each element has a face surface directed towards the appropriate face surface of the other element; above cuts are arranged along a diagonal axis stretching via the above elements and via the above windows; the above elements may turn along the above diagonal axis between the closed position, in which face surfaces contact with each other, and the open position, in which the above face surfaces are separated, and truncated inner surfaces of elements rest against each other and act as stops to limit movement of the above elements. Also a wall, a window for a building and an architectural structure using the above block are described.

EFFECT: reduced cost for construction of structures.

20 cl, 12 dwg

 

The technical field to which the invention relates.

The present invention relates to a support or frame structure made of at least two identical elements, each element has the form of a parallelogram, and two elements are connected so that these elements can be rotated around a diagonal axis.

The level of technology

The main structural element used for various purposes, is the frame. Standard frame formed of three linear rigid elements, for example, rods connected at the ends to form a triangle. Several frames can be mutually connected to form a more complex spatial reference elements. It was found that the frames are very suitable structural elements, since they can withstand without damage the effects of large static and dynamic stress and compression stress and is used in everyday life, starting with a relatively small objects, such as frames and supports for paintings and saw the goats, to large bridges and building blocks.

In some cases, required the support structure, which can be folded for storage and transportation. In these cases, use of a design that includes one or more link is, that or understand or have hinges. However, these structures are, in General, are expensive, less reliable and are often unsightly appearance.

Disclosure of inventions

The main supporting structure or frame, designed according to the present invention, includes two elements, in General, having the shape of a parallelogram with two opposite corners, forming a diagonal axis. These two elements are connected in two opposite corners so that the elements can be rotated relative to each other around above the diagonal axis. Preferably, the elements have sides that are sloped at least in the above angles, to get stops, limiting the corresponding rotation of the two elements. Thus, the design formed without hinges or other similar parts between the two elements.

In an embodiment, each element is formed from two connected L-shaped components. In the embodiment, the components of the two elements are identical. In an embodiment, L-shaped structures have a width and length selected so that the finished component has, essentially, no holes or Windows. This option is performing particularly suitable for applications where components are connected to form a bearing walls is.

This design is used to make or support various products. In some cases, the application of the design are formed from square or triangular elements. In other applications the elements are obtuse and acute angles not right angles.

In particular, the aspect of the invention proposes a structural unit that includes:

the first and the second element is identical to the above first element, with each of these elements has, in General, the shape of a parallelogram with a Central hole and a cutout in one corner and inner walls formed at least in the above the Central hole, while the above element rotates relative to another element, an angle of about 180°, and each element has a beveled inner surface, the partially formed above an inner bore;

each element is connected to another element by passing through the Central hole of the other element and essentially closing the Central opening, and each element has a front surface directed to the corresponding front surface of the other element; the above cuts are along the diagonal axis passing through the above-mentioned elements and through the above window;

the above elements could the t to rotate along above the diagonal axis between a closed position, in which the front surface contact with each other, and an open position, in which the above-mentioned front surface. separated, and the beveled inner surface of the elements rest against each other and act as stops to limit the movement of these elements.

Preferably, each element consists of two identical components, each component has a single-ended L-shaped.

Preferably, each component has a main component section and auxiliary section of the component and the main component of each section attached to the auxiliary component of a different section. Each component can be formed with six lateral edges having modular dimensions, and one of the edges is the smallest edge and the other edges are of the appropriate length which is a multiple of the lengths of the other edges. In particular, if one of the edges has a length x, the three edges have a length of 2x, one edge has a length of 3x, and one edge has a length of 4.

Preferably, the beveled surface formed at an angle of 75-90°.

According to the aspect of the invention a structural wall formed from a variety of structural blocks, and each block has the above construction, the adjacent structural blocks are rotated at an angle of 180° relative to each other. Several rows of the headquarters of the profiled blocks can be used with additional reinforcing elements, connecting opposite corners formed by the above-mentioned blocks. The reinforcing elements include two end plates, the size and shape which allows them to close the corners of four of the above units, and a rod attached between the plates.

According to another aspect of the invention there is a window Assembly for a building with the first and second element, each of these elements has, in General, the shape of a parallelepiped with a large Central hole in the form of a parallelepiped, and the above-mentioned first element has an internal surface that is slanted at a first angle, and the above-mentioned second element has an outer surface, a beveled under the above first angle; the above element is rotated relative to another element at an angle of about 180°;

each element is mutually connected in two opposite corners along the diagonal axis;

the above elements can be rotated along the aforementioned longitudinal axis between a closed position in which the above components are parallel to the surface, and an open position in which the beveled inner surface of the elements rest against each other and act as stops to limit the movement of these elements.

In an embodiment, Visayas the installed elements are rectangular. In another embodiment, the elements are square. Preferably, the elements have an inner surface that is slanted at an angle of 10-80°. One of the elements includes a panel made of transparent or translucent material and closing above the large Central opening. Preferably, each element has two L-shaped component with the above-mentioned components are connected in the corners.

According to another aspect of the invention presents the architectural design, which includes:

item overlap;

the roof top above item overlap; and

many support structures that support the above part of the roof on the above element overlap with each of the above supporting structure includes:

the first and the second element, with each of these elements has, in General, the shape of a parallelepiped with a large Central hole in the form of a parallelepiped, and the above-mentioned first element has an internal surface that is slanted at a first angle, and the above-mentioned second element has an outer surface, a beveled under the above first angle; the above element is rotated relative to another element at an angle of about 180°;

each element is mutually connected to the boom opposite corners, along the diagonal axis;

the above elements can be rotated along the aforementioned longitudinal axis between a closed position in which the above components are parallel to the surface, and an open position in which the beveled inner surface of the elements rest against each other and act as stops to limit the movement of these elements.

Preferably, each support structure is formed with a horizontal segments, and above the ceilings and roofs have grooves to accommodate the above-mentioned horizontal elements.

In another embodiment, the support structure preferably have horizontal segments, and at least the above item overlap is formed with openings receiving the above-mentioned horizontal segments and elements in the above cut and designed for the holding of the above horizontal segments.

In the embodiment, the architectural design has several levels and intermediate elements having a bottom surface, acting as a roof for the previous item overlap, and the upper surface acting as a ceiling for the next element.

Brief description of drawings

Figa and 1B - types of the front and rear component for a composite structural element, designed according to the present invention;

Figa and 2B isometric views of two components similar to the components shown in Figa and 1B, and connected to receive the first element;

Figs is a front view of the first element of Figa and 2B;

Figa and 3B, the connection of the four components of Figa, 1B for the formation of mutually connected elements; each element similar to the element shown in Figa-2C, with the aim of obtaining basic convertible structural unit;

Figs - side view on the structural element; and

Fig.3D is an isometric view of an element formed on Figa and 3B, with two elements 200A, 200B, which rotate around the axis L-L;

Figa, 4B, 4C and 4D views front, back, side view and isometric couplers used to connect many of the above described structural elements in the configuration of stacking;

Figa - like elements shown in Fig.2D configuration in stacking, and installed in place of the connecting plate that is similar to connecting the coupler shown in Figa-4C

Figa and 6B - front and rear views of the outer component window, designed according to the present invention;

Figa and 7B-two components similar to the components shown in Figa and 6B, and United to obtain the first element.

Figa and 8B - views from the front and isometric internal to the component of the window glass, designed according to the present invention;

Figs and 8D - top external and internal components of the window, respectively;

Figa and 9B - two elements similar to the elements shown above, and United for education box designed according to the present invention;

Figure 10 is an isometric view window, designed according to the present invention;

Figa-11D - tiered architectural design, for example, a building designed using elements such as window elements from 6 to 10;

Figa - Assembly of the first level;

Figw - floors on the second level, set at the first level;

Figs - add roof on the upper level;

Fig.11D is an isometric view of a complete architectural design;

Fig is an isometric view of a ruler that can be used by architects and engineers, and which is formed according to the present invention.

The implementation of the invention

In the first embodiment of implementation of the present invention for the formation of interconnected composite structural element, there are four identical component. On Figa and 1B shows the front and back sides of such a core component 100. Component 100, in General, is L-shaped with six sides for modular Assembly. In particular, if the edge 101 has a size of 101=x, the other to the traveler have the following proportional dimensions: 102=4, 103=SX, 104=2, 105=2 and 106=2. Components shown in Figa and 1B, the angles between the edges are either acute or obtuse, however, these angles may vary depending on the aesthetic requirements and applications. Each edge has the same bevel, designated as POS. This bevel may be in the range of 10-80 degrees depending on various sizes and applications described below. In a preferred embodiment, the angle between the two edges 104 and 105 is preferably 75-90°. Typically, for a bevel angle of approximately 16° required angle of about 86° to install the unit vertically relative to the surface on which it rests in the open position.

With reference to Figa-2C two components 100A and 100B are connected in the following way for the formation of the first element 200A: since Figa, the first component 100A is located, as shown in the figure, and the second component 100 is rotated to the desired position, i.e. shifted by 180 degrees from the component 100A. Components 100A and 100B may be connected by well known means. For example, they can be joined by means of glue, screws, nails or welding. All components have the same thickness.

Retrieved element 200A shown in the front view on Figs. Two components 100A and 100B overlap at two diagonally opposite corners 108 and 109. The components which you are connected using overlapping zones 108 and 109, leaving open areas 110 and 111. Outdoor area marked as POS has a size identical to the size of the overlap, designated as POS, and an open area designated as POS has a size identical to the size of the overlap, designated as POS. These items are located symmetrically with respect to the diagonal axis L-L.

With reference to Figa and 3B to form the two elements 200A and 200B four components 100A-100D are connected in pairs. The second element 200B is assembled from components 100C and 100D, so that it is mutually connected with the element 200A, and together they formed structural element 300. In particular, the components 100C and 100D are rotated and connected so that their overlapping sections 112 and 113 located within open areas of the element 200A, designated as POS and 111, where 112 is connected through 110, and 113 is connected through 111. Thus, it should be clear that the second element 200B is rotated 180 degrees relative to the element 200A. It should be clear that two elements 200A and 200 are connected, because the overlapping regions of the same element are located within open areas of the other element, and Vice versa. Note that since all components have the same thickness, the total thickness of the structure 300 is equal to double the thickness of the components 100A, 100B, 100C and 100D as shown in Figv the 3C.

Since the elements are not mechanically attached to each other, they can be rotated relative to each other along a diagonal axis L-L as shown in Fig.3D. It is important that the moving elements is limited beveled surfaces 107, shown in Figs. In other words, two elements 200A and 200B can be rotated from the closed configuration shown in Figv and 3C, in an open configuration, shown in Fig.3D, up until the beveled surface 107 will not come in contact or will not abut each other. With reference to Figs it should be noted that the bevel 107 is identical on all edges and may vary depending on size and application building block. In particular, the longer the bevel performed on each edge, the greater the opening angle, which can be provided between each component, as is clear from Fig.3D. These beveled surfaces 107 act as stops and counteract the extra effort to further rotation of the elements 200A and 200B. Thus, the structure 300 in an open configuration is a free-standing structure, which may itself be supported on the surface, and can be used to support additional weight without deformation, as explained in detail below. If the bevel angle 107 is 16°, the maximum angle during playback the project between the two elements 200A, 200B will be 31°.

As described above, according to the variant implementation of the invention each of the elements 200A and 200B is made from two L-shaped components 100; it should be understood that they may also be made of separate components using standard methods, depending on the component material. For example, the best way elements can be made of two components, if they are made of paper, wood or cardboard. If the elements are made of metal, plastic, concrete, etc. they can be manufactured from a single component by casting, molding, etc.

To date versions of the invention, shown in Figa-3D, was limited to a single structural element, but it should be understood that for different purposes and in many different configurations can be used several design elements similar to the element 300. In an embodiment of the invention, several elements can be placed along a line, and the other elements can be stacked on top for the formation of walls, for wall mounting large size and weight may require a connecting strut. Connecting the spacer shown in Figa-4D. On Figa shows the side view of the connecting spacer, which consists of a rod 114 and two plates 115 and 116. On Figa and 4B is provided a front view of the two plates 115 and 116, respectively. The two plates are identical except for the holes in the center plate 115 for passing the rod 114 and the placement of the locking nut 117. Both plates are formed with four identical sides that are joined at angles depending on the size of the structure and application of the invention. The angle between the plates is directly related to the size of the bevels 107 in structural elements. On Figs and 4D show two plates connected by a rod 114. Rod 114 can vary in length and thickness depending on the size of the structure and application of the invention and is welded at one end to the plate 116 and is threaded and secured with a nut at the other end to the plate 115. Anchors are used to provide extra strength walls of the structural elements.

Many elements 300 may be stacked to obtain different designs, such as sound-absorbing screens on motorways, an architectural barrier, retaining walls, piers, temporary bilateral furniture to divide a room similar to the panels, Shoji, concrete formwork, support for tables or decorative surface.

In the patent application S.N. 11/845,904, issued August 28, 2007, is being used by another L-shaped component. This previously designed component is formed from two racks, in General, located n erpendicular each other and having the same length and the same width, when this length exceeds the width. As a result, two components form the elements which have an opening of considerable size, and when these elements are connected, form blocks, which look more like the frame, while the components of Figa-1B form elements, which, in fact, have no Windows or other through holes.

In another embodiment of this invention, the window structure is formed from two identical components 500. On Figa and 6B shows the front and rear of such main components 500. Component 500, in essence, is L-shaped with the first counter 118 and the second counter 119. Although this is not necessary in every case, in a preferred embodiment, suitable for most common applications, these racks are perpendicular to each other. Preferably, two columns have the same width 120, and the two racks 118 and 119 are of equal width. It should be noted that, although this configuration is preferred, can be applied to a structure where the length of the rack 118 differs from the length of the rack 119. As a stand 118 and hour 119 have the angle of the bevel on the inner edge, designated as POS, which may be in the range of 10-80 degrees, and this angle is different for different sizes of the design and application is s, as is described below.

With reference to Figa and 7B, two component 500A and 500B are connected in the following way for the formation of the first element 600: since Figa, the first component 500A is located, as shown in the figure, and the second component 500B is rotated to the desired position, i.e. shifted by 180 degrees from the component 500A, and the bevels facing each other. Two components are then superimposed on each of two opposite ends 121 and 122 and are connected to form element 600. Components 500A and 500B can be connected by well known means. For example, between them can be applied adhesive. Alternatively, the two components can be connected by screws, nails or welded together. It should be understood that because of the form of pillars overlap between the posts the other component has the shape of a square.

With reference to Figa and 8B inside the element 600 is provided connected to the second element 700. It is important to note that the second element 700 includes a flat sheet 123 glass. Sheet 123 is attached to the second element using conventional means, including a groove formed in the rack, through the use of material for glazing etc.

Each edge element 700 comprises three lateral outer surfaces 124, 125 and 126 and to one side of the inner surface 128. The surface 125 is oriented is parallel to the orientation of the glass and acts as a stop and a seal between the glass and the flat surfaces of the components 500A and 500B element 600. The surface 126 is oriented perpendicular to the orientation of the glass, and the surface 127 is tapered to mate with the bevel components 500A and 500B, designated as POS. With reference to the inner surface 128 of this surface is oriented to pair of bevel angle 124 and is tapered in the direction depending on which edge is beveled. These edges are formed so as to cover and to provide open areas, as indicated on POS and 130.

With reference to Figs and 8D, it should be noted that the bevel 124 and 127 is identical on all edges and may vary depending on sizes and applications open. In particular, the more bevel on each edge, the greater the angle of the hole, which can be obtained between each component, as shown in Figure 10. These beveled surfaces act as stops and counteract the extra effort to further rotation of the element 700.

With reference to Figa and 9B element 600 is assembled from components 500A and 500B so that he was connected with the element 700. In particular, the components 500A and 500B are arranged so that their overlapping areas could be connected through the free portions 129 and 130 in the element 700. It should be understood that two elements 500A and 500B are connected, because the General area of the element 600 are from rytych parts of the element 700 and together form an element 800. It should be understood that the thickness of the elements 700 and the obtained element 800 is double the thickness of the components 500A, 500B.

Since two elements 600 and 700 is not mechanically connected to each other, they can be rotated relative to each other along a diagonal axis L-L as shown in Figure 10. It is important to note that moving items is limited to the beveled surfaces 127 and 124. In other words, the elements 700 may be rotated from imposed or closed configuration, shown in Figv, in an open configuration, shown in Figure 10, up until the beveled surfaces of the components do not come into contact with each other. Element 700 can not be rotated further, since the beveled surface 124 and 127 act as stops and counteract the extra effort to further turning. Conversely, as soon as the flat surface of the element 600 come into contact with surfaces 125 in item 700, element 800 can't turn next, and will be considered closed and sealed, as shown in Figv. The design, shown in Fig.6-11, is particularly advantageous, because it can get easy and cost effective way without the use of complex mechanisms used in the Windows of a different kind in the ordinary construction, while the present invention two cell battery (included) is the freely rotated relative to each other. In addition, the window has a nice view from the aesthetic point of view.

On Figa-D shows the architectural design according to the invention. In this architectural design elements similar to the elements described in the previous versions of the according to the invention, but with much larger dimensions. Figure 11 shows the same elements 130, is placed over the design 131 overlap and used to support the panels 132 overlap and panel 133 of the roof. The elements are combined to form two-tier structure 900. The floor slabs are made of cement panels or other standard structural material. Depending on the conditions of construction of the floor slabs can be made of one, two or more sections.

Two or more elements 131 are attached to each panel overlap. Elements 131 are of such size and shape that they support above the floor and have a height that defines the vertical space between the panels 132 overlap. Each of the elements 131 are made of steel, reinforced concrete or other material. They can have a more closed configuration, similar to the structures of Figa-5A (i.e., actually, no open space left between components or, preferably, they may be more open the case design, similar to the structures shown in Figa - 10.

Elements 131 can be attached to the floors and ceilings bots and other standard tools. Alternatively or in addition, the groove or grooves can be formed in the floors (and ceilings) for positioning and holding elements 131. In another embodiment, the slabs are pre-assembled with triangular grooves 135. After Assembly of overlapping and placement of elements 131 in these grooves 135 gussets 137 having a corresponding size and shape, are inserted in the notches, thereby holding elements 131 in place. Similar grooves or recesses can be provided in the bottom surfaces of the slabs forming the ceilings. The purpose of the grooves and recesses 135 are to prevent the separation of the horizontal component elements 131 under load.

Thus, the elements 131 can be used to design structures of a new type, having a revolutionary design, which can reduce the cost of construction and attractive from an aesthetic point of view. If necessary, can be added to the standard exterior and interior walls, doors, Windows and other structural elements.

On Fig shows the range that can be used by architects and engineers, made of long, thin, com is onenow, similar components used for window frames, but in this case they can be flat, while the components used for the manufacture of window frames, can have a triangular, square, rectangular cross-section to provide more strength.

Numerous modifications of this invention may be made without deviating from its scope as defined in the attached claims.

1. Structural unit containing:
the first and the second element is identical to the above first element, with each of these elements has, in General, the shape of a parallelogram with a Central hole and a cutout in one corner and inner walls formed at least in the above the Central hole, while the above element rotates relative to another element, an angle of about 180°, and each element has a beveled inner surface, the partially formed above an inner bore;
each element is connected to another element by passing through the Central hole of the other element and essentially closing the Central opening, and each element has a front surface directed to the corresponding front surface of the other element;
the above cuts are along the diagonal axis, rhodesa through the above elements and through the above window;
the above elements can be rotated along above the diagonal axis between a closed position in which the front surface contact with each other, and an open position, in which the above-mentioned front surface separated, and the beveled inner surface of the elements rest against each other and act as stops to limit the movement of these elements.

2. Structural unit according to claim 1, in which each element consists of two identical components, and each component has a single-ended L-shaped.

3. Structural unit according to claim 2, in which each component has a main component section and auxiliary section of the component and the main component of each section attached to the auxiliary component of a different section.

4. Structural unit according to claim 3, in which each component is formed with six side edges, and these edges have unit sizes, and one of the edges is the smallest edge and the other edges are of the appropriate length which is a multiple of the lengths of the other edges.

5. Structural unit according to claim 4, in which one of the edges has a length x, the three edges have a length of 2x, one edge has a length of 3x, and one edge has a length of 4x.

6. Structural unit according to claim 1, in which the above-mentioned beveled surface is formed under at the scrap 75-90°.

7. Structural wall formed from a variety of structural units, with each unit designed according to claim 1, and adjacent structural blocks are rotated at an angle of 180° relative to each other.

8. Structural wall according to claim 7, containing several rows of stacked blocks, optionally containing reinforcing elements attached between the opposite angles formed by the above blocks.

9. Structural wall according to claim 7, in which the above-mentioned reinforcing elements include two end plates, the size and shape which allows them to close the corners of four of the above units, and a rod attached between the plates.

10. A window Assembly for a building that contains:
the first and second elements, with each of these elements has, in General, the shape of a parallelepiped with a large Central hole in the form of a parallelepiped, and the above-mentioned first element has an internal surface that is slanted at a first angle, and the above-mentioned second element has an outer surface, a beveled under the above first angle; the above element is rotated relative to another element at an angle of about 180°;
each element is mutually connected in two opposite corners along the diagonal axis;
the above e the cops can be rotated along the aforementioned longitudinal axis between a closed position, in which the above components are parallel to the surface, and an open position in which the beveled inner surface of the elements rest against each other and act as stops to limit the movement of these elements.

11. The window Assembly of claim 10, in which the above elements are rectangular.

12. The window Assembly of claim 10, in which the above elements are square.

13. The window Assembly of claim 10, in which the above elements have an inner surface slanted at an angle of 10-80°.

14. The window Assembly of claim 10, in which one of the above elements includes a panel made of transparent or translucent material and closing above the large Central opening.

15. The window Assembly of claim 10, in which each element has two L-shaped component.

16. The window Assembly 15, in which the above components are interconnected.

17. Architectural design, containing:
item overlap;
the roof top above item overlap; and
many support structures that support the above part of the roof on the above element overlap with each of the above supporting structure includes:
the first and second element, each of the above cell battery (included) the LLC has in General, the shape of a parallelepiped with a large Central hole in the form of a parallelepiped, and the above-mentioned first and second elements have an inner surface slanted at a first angle;
and the above elements are rotated relative to each other at an angle of about 180°;
each element is mutually connected in two opposite corners along the diagonal axis;
the above elements can be rotated along the aforementioned longitudinal axis between a closed position in which the above components are parallel to the surface, and an open position in which the beveled inner surface of the elements rest against each other and act as stops to limit the movement of these elements.

18. Architectural design through 17, each supporting structure is formed with a horizontal segments, and above the ceilings and roofs have grooves to accommodate the above-mentioned horizontal elements.

19. Architectural design 17, in which the above-mentioned supporting structures have horizontal segments, and at least the above item overlap is formed with openings receiving the above-mentioned horizontal segments and elements in the above cut and designed to keep the project above the horizontal segments.

20. Architectural design 17, in which the above architectural design has several levels, optionally containing intermediate elements having a bottom surface, acting as a roof for the previous item overlap, and the upper surface acting as a ceiling for the next element.



 

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4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: cellular-porous ceramic block for erection of single-layer and multi-layer walls represents a rectangular parallelepiped comprising outer side stretcher and header faces and an inner structural-insulation structure made of rows of through cavities separated from each other with ceramic partitions and links and parallel to header faces of the block. Through cavities are arranged with displacement relative to each other in neighbouring rows for half of their width, besides, the block has vertical and horizontal slots, which protrude beyond the limits of the stretcher and bed faces by width of one cavity and thickness of a side face, and also a vertical mark at the centre of the stretcher side of the face.

EFFECT: improved physical and technical parameters of a block and method to lay a building wall, increased accuracy of laying in erection of a wall, reduced deviations from horizontal and vertical planes, higher resistance of work to shifting.

1 ex, 6 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: wall unit is arranged in the form of a faceted structure from a hardened material, having a face surface arranged on the outer face side of the unit, an inner surface arranged on the inner side of the unit, lower, upper and side surfaces, at the same time the unit comprises a face layer, an intermediate layer and an inner layer arranged serially along its width, besides, the face layer has thickness of s1, which is less than the thickness s2 of the intermediate layer, and the thickness s3 of the inner layer is less than the thickness s1 of the face layer, the latter contains cement, a plasticiser and ground haydite with fractions within 1 to 5 mm, the intermediate layer of the unit contains cement, a plasticiser and haydite with fractions within 5 to 20 mm, the inner layer of the unit contains sand, cement and a plasticiser, the specified thicknesses of the unit layers are selected depending on the width S of the unit and are in the ratio of s1:s2:s3=(0.10-0.17)S:(0.89-0.79)S:(0.007-0.037)S, the unit comprises a L-shaped crest made in the face layer and covering it at two adjacent lateral and lower sides, and also a L-shaped groove made in the face layer and covering at two other adjacent lateral and upper sides of the unit, the crest and the groove are installed in a single plane, parallel to the face surface of the unit, the surface of the crest and the groove, the face and inner surfaces are arranged as solid and smooth, and the lower, upper and lateral sides of the unit arranged between the face and inner layers are made as rough with grooves stretching inside the unit from 0.1 mm to 20 mm between fractions, at the same time the length of the unit L at its face side is selected depending on the width S of the unit within the limits of L=(0.99-1.01)S, the length Lin of the unit at its inner side is selected as equal to the length of the unit at its face side, the face surface of the unit is arranged at the distance s4 from the crest axis, the inner surface of the unit is arranged at the distance s5 from the crest axis, which is more than the distance s4, besides, s4 and s5 are in the ratio s4=(0.08-0.16)s5. Also the versions of units design are described, as well as a material for manufacturing of a unit, versions of molds for manufacturing of a unit, the method to manufacture the unit and a line for unit manufacturing.

EFFECT: reduced weight of units, its higher strength, provision of possibility to increase strength of units connection in a wall, simplified technology of production by usage of moulds from unified elements, using a simplified method for manufacturing of units and a line for method implementation.

41 cl, 61 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: set of a leave-in-place form comprises a main wall block, an universal clip to fix wall blocks to each other, an above-opening link and a cover roof block. Blocks of a leave-in-place form are made of a hard polyurethane foam having high heat insulation and noise-absorbing properties with higher chemical resistance to exposure to salts available in concretes (aerated concretes), and also have a fabricated decorative finish of an outer surface on the face side made as a whole with the block, and at the inner side the block has a melted-in sheet profiled in accordance with the surface geometry on its surface, and/or an expanded steel sheet, and/or a close-meshed net.

EFFECT: higher efficiency in production of civil and installation works, higher extent of adhesive engagement between finishing lining and a block of a leave-in-place form and higher adhesion of blocks with monolithic concrete, universality of elements.

5 cl, 15 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: hollow building block, which has two side and two end walls, and at least one link parallel to end walls, which separates the block cavity. Its hollowness makes from 20% to 60%, and it is made of a mixture, which contains cement, swollen perlite sand, a solid filler with hardness of at least 1.25 and water with the following content of components, wt %: cement of grade 400 or 500 - 38-42%; swollen perlite sand of fraction 0.63…5 - 12-15%; solid filler of fraction 0…5 or 0…10 - 32-38%, water - 14-17%.

EFFECT: invention provides for strength without loss of heat insulation and weight characteristics of perlite concrete, reduced load at structures during cast-in-place concrete house building.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: duplicating material to make tiled building blocks comprises webs of cellular and porous layers, which are thermally fixed to resist flaking from 0.01 to 0.19 kN/m, the cellular layer has surface density from 40 to 168 g/cm2 and comprises smooth anti-sorption threadlike elements, the porous material has apparent density from 10 to 50 kg/m3, and the duplicated material has thickness from 1.0 to 3.0 mm.

EFFECT: higher quality of produced blocks due to prevention of mortar leakage to visible surface of blocks.

8 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: tape is designed to fill seams between construction slabs. It contains a non-woven base, containing fibres, selected from a group made of natural cellulose fibres, synthetic polymer fibres, glass fibres and their combinations. At the same time the nonwoven base has the following properties, determined according to ASTM C474-05: relative swelling in cross direction is below approximately 1.3%; relative swelling in longitudinal direction is below approximately 0.2% and breaking strength in cross direction is at least approximately 2625 N/m. Besides, a method is proposed for finishing treatment of a seam between slabs, including the following: (1) application of a tape for filling seams onto a seam between slabs by submersion of a tape for seam filling into the first layer of the composition for filling seams; (ii) application of the second layer of the composition for filling seams above the tape, besides, the stage (ii) is carried out before the tape for seam filling and the composition for seam filling applied at the stage (i), have dried substantially, and if required, (iii) application of the third, filling or final layer of the composition for filling seams above the tape, besides, the stage (iii) is carried out before the tape for seam filling and the second layer have substantially dried.

EFFECT: improved quality of the tape due to high strength and reduction of swelling during moistening at simultaneous acceleration of seams filling.

20 cl, 2 tbl, 1 ex

Decorative lattice // 2465414

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: decorative lattice comprises two layers of identical rings or sheet metal with identical diameters of holes. The specified layers are laid onto each other with any arbitrary placement of centres of rings or holes and any arbitrary angular displacement.

EFFECT: increased bending strength.

6 dwg

Connective design // 2178483
The invention relates to construction and is intended for the construction of houses with timber walls

The invention relates to the construction of wooden houses or country houses and t

Building design // 2112115
The invention relates to the field of construction and can be used for walls of buildings and constructions

Building block // 2107134
The invention relates to the construction, in particular to structural building elements that allows a masonry wall, providing rigid fixation blocks and seismic stability

Building block // 2081264
The invention relates to the construction, in particular to concrete elements used for masonry foundations and walls of buildings, including a clutch

Building block // 2074931
The invention relates to the field of construction, in particular, to the concrete elements used for masonry foundations and walls of buildings, including a clutch
The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to the construction of agricultural buildings, shelters, utility buildings, storage, and wooden buildings

Decorative lattice // 2465414

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: decorative lattice comprises two layers of identical rings or sheet metal with identical diameters of holes. The specified layers are laid onto each other with any arbitrary placement of centres of rings or holes and any arbitrary angular displacement.

EFFECT: increased bending strength.

6 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: structural block comprises the first and second element, identical to the above first element, at the same time each of the above elements has, in general, a parallelogram shape with a central hole and a cut in one angle and inner walls formed at least in the above central hole, at the same time the above element rotates relative to the other element approximately at the angle of 180°, and each element has a truncated inner surface, partially formed by the above inner hole; each element is connected with the other element by means of stretching via the central hole of the other element and substantially closing this central hole, and each element has a face surface directed towards the appropriate face surface of the other element; above cuts are arranged along a diagonal axis stretching via the above elements and via the above windows; the above elements may turn along the above diagonal axis between the closed position, in which face surfaces contact with each other, and the open position, in which the above face surfaces are separated, and truncated inner surfaces of elements rest against each other and act as stops to limit movement of the above elements. Also a wall, a window for a building and an architectural structure using the above block are described.

EFFECT: reduced cost for construction of structures.

20 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: building module comprises a base element, formed from silicate bricks, extruded gypsum-based bricks, foam concrete or aerated concrete blocks or ceramic extruded bricks, and having parallel bed surfaces, with at least two pairs of coaxial holes and fixing elements of straight and reverse cones placed in them. Axes of conical parts of fixing elements of straight cones and adjacent surfaces of collars, which determine the gap between layers of masonry, are made at the angle to the axes of seating surfaces of the same elements mounted in holes of the base element. Also the version of the module is described, as well as the versions of the method to erect building walls using the specified building modules.

EFFECT: increased labour efficiency in construction, lower prime cost of modules, higher quality of building module installation.

13 cl, 10 dwg

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