Mulching composition (versions)

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemical industry and agricultural industry and specifically to compositions for mulching different types of soil, lawn and parking areas. The technical result of the invention is a wider range of soil mulching compositions. The mulching composition (versions thereof) contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and water. The natural additives in the composition are Takakiopsida moss and Pinus peuce pine needles at defined ratios of all components.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

9 cl, 1 tbl

 

The invention relates to the chemistry of synthetic substances polymer in a mixture with organic and natural substances, for example, for urban and agricultural purposes or compositions for mulching different types of soils, lawns, parks and gardens.

Was formerly known such a composition of the mulch, which is used polyacrylamide, urea, lignosulfonate, potassium chloride and water in the following ratio mass %: polyacrylamide, 0.25 to 0.75, lignosulfonate 0.5 to 1.5, urea, 0.4 to 0.8, potassium chloride 1-3, water the rest (patent of Russia №2034899 C1, 1995, a class of the international classification of patents, C09K 17/00).

However, this patent did not use natural materials is a significant disadvantage. Nature provides many suitable materials, many mosses, different types of wood waste, bark, shavings, chips. In this case, different types of wood can be combined with different kinds of synthetic materials - polymers, their waste if they are harmless to the environment.

In the technical result of the invention is the use of numerous kinds of natural materials, that is, the extension of the range of compositions for mulching soils.

This result is achieved by the fact that the composition of the mulch according to the invention contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride, and the quality is as natural additives moss species Takakiopsida and needles pine Pinus peuce, water in the following ratio, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Takakiopsida10-15
needles of a pine Pinus peuce8-9
waterthe rest of it.

As variants invented the following compounds, which are changed (selected) important relations for moss and pine needles:

moss species Takakiopsida10-15
needles of a pine Pinus peucefrom 9.1 to 9.5

or

moss species Takakiopsida10-15
needles of a pine Pinus peuce9,8-11

or

moss species Takakiopsida15,5-17
needles of a pine Pinus peuce8-9

or

moss species Takakiopsida17,8-18
needles of a pine Pinus peuce8-9

or

moss species Takakiopsida17,8-18
needles of a pine Pinus peuce9,8-10

or

moss species Takakiopsida17,8-18
needles of a pine Pinus peuce10,6-11

or

moss species Takakiopsida17,8-18
needles of a pine Pinus peuce11,2-12

or

moss species Takakiopsidaof 17.8 to 18.0
needles of a pine Pinus peucethe 12.1-12,8

The composition prepared as follows.

These ingredients are subjected separately to grinding and after mixed in aqueous media is. The water content in the examples listed in the table is the rest up to 100 wt %.

The table shows various examples of variants of the invention:

Table
IngredientsThe ratio of components, mass %
123456789101112
Lignosulfonate0,10,250,40,40,250,40,250,40,40,10,2 50,1
urea0,20,40,60,60,4 0,60,40,60,60,20,40,2
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,30,350,40,40,350,40,350,40,40,30,350,3
potassium chloride123323233121
moss species Takakiopsida10131511,512,9151717,917,817,8 17,818
Needles of a pine Pinus peuce88,599,09,5118,58,91010,611,512,8

1. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives - moss species Takakiopsida and needles pine Pinus peuce, the water in the following ratio, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Takakiopsida10-15
needles of a pine Pinus peuce8-9
waterrest

2. The composition of the mulch is to be lapsed coverage, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives - moss species Takakiopsida and needles pine Pinus peuce, the water in the following ratio, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Takakiopsida10-15
needles of a pine Pinus peucefrom 9.1 to 9.5
waterrest

3. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives - moss species Takakiopsida and needles pine Pinus peuce, the water in the following ratio, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carbox the methylcellulose 0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Takakiopsida10-15
needles of a pine Pinus peuce9,8-11
waterrest

4. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives - moss species Takakiopsida and needles pine Pinus peuce, the water in the following ratio, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Takakiopsida15,5-17
needles of a pine Pinus peuce8-9
waterrest

5. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carbon is metilzellulozu, potassium chloride and, as natural additives - moss species Takakiopsida and needles pine Pinus peuce, the water in the following ratio, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Takakiopsida17,8-18
needles of a pine Pinus peuce8-9
waterrest

6. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives - moss species Takakiopsida and needles pine Pinus peuce, the water in the following ratio, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chlorite is th 1-3
moss species Takakiopsida17,8-18
needles of a pine Pinus peuce9,8-10
waterrest

7. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives - moss species Takakiopsida and needles pine Pinus peuce, the water in the following ratio, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Takakiopsida17,8-18
needles of a pine Pinus peuce10,6-11
waterrest

8. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives - moss VI is and Takakiopsida and needles pine Pinus peuce, water in the following ratio, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Takakiopsida17,8-18
needles of a pine Pinus peuce11,2-12
waterrest

9. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives - moss species Takakiopsida and needles pine Pinus peuce, the water in the following ratio, wt.%:

17,8-18
lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Takakiopsida
needles of a pine Pinus peucethe 12.1-12,8
waterrest



 

Same patents:

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: composition of mulch cover (and its variants) comprises lignosulfonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethylcellulose, potassium chloride, and moss of the species Takakiopsida and Scotch pine needles as the natural additives, and water in certain proportions of components (wt %): lignosulfonate (0.1-0.4), carbamide (0.2-0.6); Na-carboxymethylcellulose (0.3-0.4), potassium chloride (1-3); moss of the species Takakiopsida (10-15); Scotch pine needles (8-9), water - the rest.

EFFECT: extending of the range of compositions for soil mulching.

9 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: composition of mulch cover, characterised in that it comprises lignosulfonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethylcellulose, potassium chloride, and moss of the species Moerckia and Scotch pine needles as the natural additives, water in the following wt %: lignosulfonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6; Na-carboxymethylcellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3; moss of the species Moerckia 10-15; Scotch pine needles 8-9, and water - the rest. Also other variants of compositions of polymer-natural mulch cover are claimed.

EFFECT: invention enables to extend the range of compositions for soil mulching.

9 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: composition of mulch cover, characterised in that it comprises lignosulfonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethylcellulose, potassium chloride, and moss of the species Jungermanniales and Scotch pine needles as the natural additives, water in the following wt %: lignosulfonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6; Na-carboxymethylcellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3; moss of the species Jungermanniales 10-15; Scotch pine needles 8-9, and water - the rest. The invention comprises other variants of compositions of polymer-natural mulch cover.

EFFECT: invention enables to extend the range of compositions for soil mulching.

9 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: composition of mulch cover, characterised in that it comprises lignosulfonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethylcellulose, potassium chloride, and moss of the species Sphaerocarpus and needles of pine Pinus pumila as the natural additives, water in the following wt %: lignosulfonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6; Na-carboxymethylcellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3; moss of the species Sphaerocarpus 10-15; needles of pine Pinus pumila 8-9, and water - the rest. Also other variants of compositions of polymer-natural mulch cover are claimed.

EFFECT: invention enables to extend the range of compositions for soil mulching.

9 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

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EFFECT: invention enables to extend the range of compositions for soil mulching.

9 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: composition of mulch cover, characterised in that it comprises lignosulfonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethylcellulose, potassium chloride, and moss of the species Polytrichopsida and needles of pine Pinus peuce as the natural additives, water in the following wt %: lignosulfonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6; Na-carboxymethylcellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3; moss of the species Polytrichopsida 10-15; needles of pine Pinus peuce 8-9, and water - the rest. Also other variants of compositions of polymer-natural mulch cover are claimed.

EFFECT: invention enables to extend the range of compositions for soil mulching.

9 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: composition of mulch cover, characterised in that it comprises lignosulfonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethylcellulose, potassium chloride, and moss of the species Jungermanniales and needles of pine Pinus peuce as the natural additives, water in the following wt %: lignosulfonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6; Na-carboxymethylcellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3; moss of the species Jungermanniales 10-15; needles of pine Pinus peuce 8-9, and water - the rest. Also other variants of compositions of polymer-natural mulch cover are claimed.

EFFECT: invention enables to extend the range of compositions for soil mulching.

9 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemistry of synthetic substances - polymer substances in a mixture with organic and natural substances, for example, for urban and agricultural purposes, or to compositions for mulching different types of soil, lawn and parking areas. The mulching composition is characterised by that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, NA-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Conocephalum moss and Juniperus virginiana 'Columnaris' juniper needles, and water in the following ratios, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, NA-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, Conocephalum moss 10-15, Juniperus virginiana 'Columnaris' juniper needles 8-9, and water - the balance. Other versions of polymer-natural mulching compositions are also disclosed.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

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EFFECT: invention widens the range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: composition contains the following, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, Polytrichopsida moss 10-15, Tetraphidopsida moss 10-15, Juniperus virginiana 'Springbank' juniper needles 8-9, water - the balance.

EFFECT: invention widens the range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: composition of mulch cover (and its variants) comprises lignosulfonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethylcellulose, potassium chloride, and moss of the species Takakiopsida and Scotch pine needles as the natural additives, and water in certain proportions of components (wt %): lignosulfonate (0.1-0.4), carbamide (0.2-0.6); Na-carboxymethylcellulose (0.3-0.4), potassium chloride (1-3); moss of the species Takakiopsida (10-15); Scotch pine needles (8-9), water - the rest.

EFFECT: extending of the range of compositions for soil mulching.

9 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: composition of mulch cover (and its variants) comprises lignosulfonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethylcellulose, potassium chloride, and moss of the species Takakiopsida and Scotch pine needles as the natural additives, and water in certain proportions of components (wt %): lignosulfonate (0.1-0.4), carbamide (0.2-0.6); Na-carboxymethylcellulose (0.3-0.4), potassium chloride (1-3); moss of the species Takakiopsida (10-15); Scotch pine needles (8-9), water - the rest.

EFFECT: extending of the range of compositions for soil mulching.

9 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: composition of mulch cover, characterised in that it comprises lignosulfonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethylcellulose, potassium chloride, and moss of the species Moerckia and Scotch pine needles as the natural additives, water in the following wt %: lignosulfonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6; Na-carboxymethylcellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3; moss of the species Moerckia 10-15; Scotch pine needles 8-9, and water - the rest. Also other variants of compositions of polymer-natural mulch cover are claimed.

EFFECT: invention enables to extend the range of compositions for soil mulching.

9 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: composition of mulch cover, characterised in that it comprises lignosulfonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethylcellulose, potassium chloride, and moss of the species Jungermanniales and Scotch pine needles as the natural additives, water in the following wt %: lignosulfonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6; Na-carboxymethylcellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3; moss of the species Jungermanniales 10-15; Scotch pine needles 8-9, and water - the rest. The invention comprises other variants of compositions of polymer-natural mulch cover.

EFFECT: invention enables to extend the range of compositions for soil mulching.

9 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: composition of mulch cover, characterised in that it comprises lignosulfonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethylcellulose, potassium chloride, and moss of the species Sphaerocarpus and needles of pine Pinus pumila as the natural additives, water in the following wt %: lignosulfonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6; Na-carboxymethylcellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3; moss of the species Sphaerocarpus 10-15; needles of pine Pinus pumila 8-9, and water - the rest. Also other variants of compositions of polymer-natural mulch cover are claimed.

EFFECT: invention enables to extend the range of compositions for soil mulching.

9 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: composition of mulch cover, characterised in that it comprises lignosulfonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethylcellulose, potassium chloride, and moss of the species Andreaeopsida and needles of pine Pinus strobus as the natural additives, water in the following wt %: lignosulfonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6; Na-carboxymethylcellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3; moss of the species Andreaeopsida 10-15; needles of pine Pinus strobus 8-9, and water - the rest. Also other variants of compositions of polymer-natural mulch cover are claimed.

EFFECT: invention enables to extend the range of compositions for soil mulching.

9 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: composition of mulch cover, characterised in that it comprises lignosulfonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethylcellulose, potassium chloride, and moss of the species Polytrichopsida and needles of pine Pinus peuce as the natural additives, water in the following wt %: lignosulfonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6; Na-carboxymethylcellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3; moss of the species Polytrichopsida 10-15; needles of pine Pinus peuce 8-9, and water - the rest. Also other variants of compositions of polymer-natural mulch cover are claimed.

EFFECT: invention enables to extend the range of compositions for soil mulching.

9 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: composition of mulch cover, characterised in that it comprises lignosulfonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethylcellulose, potassium chloride, and moss of the species Jungermanniales and needles of pine Pinus peuce as the natural additives, water in the following wt %: lignosulfonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6; Na-carboxymethylcellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3; moss of the species Jungermanniales 10-15; needles of pine Pinus peuce 8-9, and water - the rest. Also other variants of compositions of polymer-natural mulch cover are claimed.

EFFECT: invention enables to extend the range of compositions for soil mulching.

9 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. The method includes straw plowback when inoculation of microorganisms of the biological products applied. In the period of harvesting cereal crops the straw is scattered on the field, treating it with a mixture of biological products Barkon and Baikal EM-1. On the surface of the stubble remains the clay Dialbeculit is placed in the amount of 4-5 t/ha, plowing the entire mass of the soil in 20-30 days. After 2-3 weeks, green manure crop is sown - Trifolium apertum, plowing its herbage in spring prior to sowing of warm-season crops.

EFFECT: method enables to shorten the process of humification of soil during the period of harvesting cereal crops, to simplify the method and to increase the fertility of soil within a short period.

1 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemistry of synthetic substances - polymer substances in a mixture with organic and natural substances, for example, for urban and agricultural purposes, or to compositions for mulching different types of soil, lawn and parking areas. The mulching composition is characterised by that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, NA-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Conocephalum moss and Juniperus virginiana 'Columnaris' juniper needles, and water in the following ratios, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, NA-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, Conocephalum moss 10-15, Juniperus virginiana 'Columnaris' juniper needles 8-9, and water - the balance. Other versions of polymer-natural mulching compositions are also disclosed.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: agriculture, microbiology.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for intensifying growth of microorganisms of genus Pseudomonas in growing cereal crops. Method involves presowing treatment of gramineous crops seeds with agent solution representing an aqueous solution of triple copolymer of acrylic acid, its amide and triacryloylhexahydro-1,3,5-triazine in the following ratio of components, wt.-%: active component, 0.0005-0.001; water, the balance. Method provides elevating number of microorganisms of genus Pseudomonas in rhizosphere and rhizoplane in rice and wheat roots.

EFFECT: improved intensifying method.

2 tbl

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