Method and device to grow hydroponic fodder and feed it to poultry

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, in particular, to methods for growing green hydroponic fodder and feeding it to poultry. The method to grow hydroponic fodder and feed it to poultry includes supply of seeds and water into trays. Closing of the tray with a net and feeding fodder from trays to animals. Seeds are couched outside the tray for 2-3 days. Sprouted seeds are laid onto the net placed on the tray ledge, and seeds are additionally grown for 2-3 days. Hydroponic fodder is grown for 5-8 days at room temperature. Further green hydroponic fodder is fed for 6-10 minutes by introduction under the cage of the feeding trough in the horizontal position and adjustment of tray lifting along the height. The device for realisation of the method comprises a cage with a meshed floor, a feeding trough equipped with a net of polymer materials, a support and a stop. The feeding trough comprises a ledge, on which the net is placed. The support is equipped with a worm gear and a bracket on a bearing built into the end of the upper part of the support. The feeding trough is fixed with the help of fixtures to the bracket and is supported in the horizontal position with the stop. The height of the feeding trough is adjusted with worm gear rotation.

EFFECT: invention provides continuous hydroponic green fodder to poultry.

3 cl, 2 dwg

 

The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to a method of growing and feeding birds hydroponic green fodder.

Known poultry complex with aromasteam device [RF patent 2086118, CL AC 1/02, AK 31/00, publ. 10.08.1997], which includes a stationary location for animals and aromastone device care acropodium and poultry in moveable pens. On the farm agroecologia device attached captures, interacting with the spring brackets to move the pens to agrology, the system of feed dispensers for dispensing feed pens, tank drinking water, a hopper with a supply of food. The regeneration of grass fed in pens perform using the platform with removable hinged agricultural implements.

The disadvantage is the complexity of the regeneration fed green grass.

Known complex for growing broilers [RF patent 2326530, CL AC 31/00, publ. 10.04.2007], containing the house with successive boxes, feeders, feeders, drinkers, heaters. The boxes are made in different sizes according to the age of the birds. The complex is equipped successive open paddock sites, the base of each pad is made in the form of soil with a slope that hosts grener the store layer and the top topsoil, seeded with grass. The complex allows to reduce the cost of heat and electricity.

The disadvantage of this method of growing broilers is the complexity of the regeneration of green fodder, manure.

A device for growing and feeding hydroponic fodder [RF patent №95968, CL A01G 31/02, publ. 20.07.2010], containing a closed vertical conveyor drive mechanism equipped with suspended therein by means of hinges and hangers-trays feeders, closed mesh of polymeric materials. Grids have grid sizes, sufficient for the passage of growing grass and insufficient for penetration of the head and limbs of animals. Also provided by the metering device, lighting system and tank for the nutrient solution, antimicrobial filter with silver nanoparticles. The device further includes analytical unit, connected to a reservoir for the nutrient solution and containing a device for determining the chemical composition of the nutrient solution and forage quality. Application of the proposed device allows to increase plant productivity and control the environmental purity of the feed.

The disadvantages of the known devices are: the bulk and complexity of the operation of the device, damage to the root and basal part C is Lenogo feed when feeding animals.

The closest in technical essence to the present invention is a method of growing and feeding hydroponic fodder [A.S. USSR 1653655, CL A01G 31/02, publ. 07.06.1991], including daily moving restyling trays closed vertical conveyor, the feed trays of seeds for germination and mortar lighting trays, feeding animal feed is carried out restyling trays moving conveyor carried out cyclically; the number of trays on the conveyor is brought into line with the number of days of the cycle of vegetation; the width of the tray is determined from the growing conditions of the mass of the feed, which contains daily intake of carotene for all we fed groups of animals, and to prevent loss of the root system in animal feeding, trays close metal grid with cell size sufficient for passage of overgrown grass, but not enough for penetration through them, the front part of the head and limbs of the animal.

The disadvantages of the known devices are: the bulk and complexity of the operation device, for example, for cleaning of the tray from the litter.

The aim of the invention is to minimize the area occupied under feeding; a constant supply of birds hydroponic green forage. simplification of the device.

This goal is achieved, we offer ways a device for growing and feeding birds hydroponic fodder, including filing trays of seeds for germination and water, the tray is closing the net, the feeding of animal feed from the trays, while the germination of seeds produced outside of the tray for 2-3 days at room temperature. Sprouted seeds are placed on a grid placed on the ledge of the tray, the tray top up with water to the level of the grid and seeds drasiaus within 2-3 days, during which there is a fixation on the grid of the root system of seeds. Growing hydroponic fodder is carried out within 5-8 days at room temperature, is made by adding water to a level above the grid. Feeding grown hydroponic green fodder is carried out within 6-10 minutes after entering under the cage tray-trough in a horizontal position and regulation of the lifting tray height. Device for growing and feeding birds hydroponic fodder contains a cage with mesh floors, tray-feeder with a grid of polymeric materials, with the tray, the feeder is located in a horizontal position under the mesh floor of the cage. The device further comprises a tripod and focus, and the tray, the feeder has a ledge on which is placed a grid of polymeric material and is fastened with a clamp, tripod equipped with a worm gear and bracket on the bearing embedded in the end face of the upper part of the tripod. The tray-feed the Cabinet is secured with fasteners to the bracket and supported in horizontal position by the stop by means of its fixing to the tripod lower end. The height of the tray-feeder is adjusted by turning the worm gear. Cleaning tray-feeder from the litter is in a vertical position flush with water.

The duration of the germination of the seeds out of the tray is carried out at room temperature for 2-3 days, which is optimal. Reduction of the time of germination less than 2 days from seed time to grow roots. With increasing time of germination more than 3 days, roots, seeds germinate and grow to considerable size that can intertwine with the roots of neighboring grains and damaged when moving them to the mesh tray feeders. Optimal growing seeds on the grid in 2-3 days, while the root system is firmly placed on the grid. Growing hydroponic green fodder is carried out within 5-8 days at room temperature with periodic addition of water in the tray. At the height of the cultivated green fodder reaches a height of 5-8 see Feeding hydroponic green fodder is carried out within 6-10 minutes after entering under the cage tray-trough in a horizontal position and regulation of the lifting tray height. Further, the tray, the feeder is cleared of litter. Seeds, attached to the grid root systems remain on the grid. Tray-feeder is returned to the horizontal state, poured into water and the MENA left on the cultivation of hydroponic green fodder. After reaching a height of green fodder 8-10 cm the cycle repeats.

The proposed device comprises a cage 1 with mesh floors, 2 (1), tray-feeder 3 (2) shelf, grid 4, tripod 5, consisting of smaller pipes 6 and a large 7 diameter, provided with a worm gear, consisting of a thread 8 and the threaded key 9, tripod 10 and bracket 11 on the bearing 12 (2), embedded in the end face of the upper part of the tripod 5. The grid of polymeric material is attached by means of clips 13 on the ledge of the tray-feeding. The tray, the feeder is secured with fasteners 14 to the bracket 11 and with the stop 15 (figure 2) is fixed in a horizontal position, the bottom end stop 15 is attached to the tripod. Feeding birds is carried out by entering under the cage tray-trough in a horizontal position by the rotation of the bracket with pan-trough and the height adjustment of the tray with the worm gear. After the feeding is made clear tray feeders from litter, which is in the vertical position of the tray-feeding flush with water using a hose.

The device operates as follows. The tray, the feeder has a ledge at a height of 6-8 mm, which is placed mesh and secured with clamps. The grid has a sturdy plastic frame with a stretched her a grid with cells of 0.4 to 0.8×0.4-0.8 (depending on the size eat the seeds). In the tray to the level of the grid is filled with water. On the grid are pre-cooked germinated seeds, which are periodically sprayed with water. After 2-3 days the roots seeds, growing, secured on the net. Before feeding birds in the tray-feeder top up with water, covering seeds 2-3 mm, and by turning the bracket tray is placed under the cage. Then the tray, the feeder by means of the worm gear goes up, until the tops of the sprouts will not pass through the mesh floor of the cage. These top of the sprouts and eat green food for the birds. Birds eat the sprouts through the mesh floor. Due to water covering the beans and the grid, litter falling from the cells, does not stick either to the grid or sprouts or to the bottom of the tray. After 6-10 minutes of feeding, the tray is removed from the bottom of the cell. Removed stop supporting the tray in a horizontal position, and the tray with mesh under the force of gravity takes a vertical position. Water together with litter is poured. Mesh sprouts washed with water to remove the jammed litter. Next, the tray is raised to a horizontal position, put on stop and add water up to the level of the grid to germs could eat. Providing birds regular hydroponic green fodder is achieved by the presence of a certain number of trays-feeders, which grows green fodder. As gotovo and, tray-feeder with green food served on feeding. The number of trays-feeders for feeding birds one cell is determined by the number of days of the growing cycle of cultivation of green fodder and ranges from 2 to 10, preferably 5-8 PCs

The application of the proposed method and the device will minimize the area occupied under feeding, to ensure the birds constant hydroponic green forage. The unit is easy to use.

1. The method of growing and feeding birds hydroponic feed including feed in trays of seed germination and water, the tray is closing net feeding feed the birds of the trays, wherein the germination of seeds produced outside of the tray for 2-3 days at room temperature, sprouted seeds are placed on a grid placed on the ledge of the tray, the tray top up with water to the level of the grid and seeds drasiaus within 2-3 days, during which there is a fixation on the grid of the root system of seeds, cultivation of hydroponic fodder is carried out within 5-8 days, is topping the water up to a level above the grid and feeding green hydroponic fodder is carried out within 6-10 min by entering under the cage tray-trough in a horizontal position and regulation of the lifting tray height.

2. Device for growing and feeding birds hydro is traditional food, containing a cage with mesh floors, tray-feeder with a grid of polymeric material, characterized in that the tray, the feeder is located in a horizontal position under the mesh floor of the cage, where the device further comprises a tripod and focus, and the tray, the feeder has a ledge on which is placed a grid of polymeric material and is fastened with a clamp, tripod equipped with a worm gear and bracket on the bearing embedded in the end face of the upper part of the tripod; the tray, the feeder is attached with fasteners to the bracket and supported in horizontal position by the stop by means of its fixing to the tripod lower end, the height of the tray-feeder is adjusted by turning the worm gear; cleaning tray-feeder from the litter is in a vertical position flush with water.

3. The device according to claim 2, characterized in that the number of trays-feeders for a single cell is determined by the number of days of the growing cycle of cultivation of green fodder and ranges from 2 to 10, preferably 5-8 PCs



 

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