Cultivation column and method of its service

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the field of agriculture, in particular, to hydroponics. The cultivation column of concrete mixes or plastic is made with the ability to plant it into the wall of plants, has a cover with a nozzle fixed in it, a flexible hose to connect to the main pipe of nutrient solution, a supporting stand to stabilise the position and connecting the communications, a securing hoop to stabilise the position in the upper part, an electrical connector for the connecting lighting garlands. In the method the position of the cultivation column is stabilised using the supporting stand in the lower part and a metal wire in the upper part. The nutrient solution is fed and removed, the air and air-gas mixture supply is performed at least for one column. The cultivated plants are lightened by lighting garlands.

EFFECT: inventions enable to provide an intensive regime of growing plants.

2 cl, 4 dwg

 

The invention relates to agriculture and can be used for the industrial production of plant products in intensive mode.

In the technique known use of cultivation columns (RF patent No. 2414121) for the cultivation of plant products, in particular ornamental plants.

The disadvantage of this solution is that you cannot use this design for commercial cultivation of plants and especially in intensive mode.

Tasks and aims of the present invention is to develop a technical solution for a device with a high potential in the field of cultivation of plant products with minimum footprint of the useful area of greenhouses, as well as the development of the way of rational cultivation service of process on the proposed device.

This is accomplished as follows.

As cultivation columns use corrugated plastic pipe of the type Pragma or they with internal coating of non-toxic plastic material. This is the preferred option. In other embodiments, cultivation pipes are manufactured by molding of various concrete mixtures and compositions, such as claydite-concrete, foam concrete, etc.

In the cultivation column form holes to accommodate the plant is th, and (when necessary) the device for mounting the cradle (rings, brackets, rings and other)on which place plants with strong stems and possible a large number of fruits.

Columns have over the trench in the floor of the greenhouse in a special base Cabinet, and the remaining portions of the trench cover grating.

In the trenches place the supply line to the nutrient solution, ventilation ducts (or plastic vintagestyle replacing inconvenient boxes), the collector collecting the nutrient solution from the column, and the collector to drain and remove technical waters. Trench arrange so that flowing in her technical water did not get on the highway and the pipeline and did not stay in the collector for removal of technical water.

The columns are secured carried out in the upper quarter of the corresponding beam of the greenhouse or special metal rope, stretched across the main length of the greenhouse cultivation of the hall).

Maintenance columns, perform the following way.

Nutrient solution pump is directed through the nozzle and flexible hose to the nozzle located at the top of the column under the hood. Flowing from the spray nozzle nutrient solution irrigates the roots of plants and passes through a corresponding hole in the base Cabinet to call the tor to collect the nutrient solution and pumped into the capacity for regeneration of the solution.

The flow of ventilation air (or gas-air mixtures, for example, carbon dioxide) are carried out through the nozzle (or bends) the vent line from the trench for each column. (This is an important distinction from all other methods cultivation of plants is the pioneer and allows you to consume carbon dioxide more efficiently).

Lighting plants carry out locally, that is, for each column (on the cover) perform a device for the placement of crosses, which is connected to the energy source Svetogorska, the length of which corresponds to the area of the location of the plants. For example, if the height of cultivation columns 4 meter length Svetogorsk will be 3 meters. (When using led lights energy saving can reach 60-70 percent of the standard overhead lighting. In addition, local lighting improves the performance of the plants on the yield of useful products. This differs from all other cultivation methods is the pioneer).

Power plants provide a nutrient solution prepared in separately located mortar site (in large greenhouses).

The invention is illustrated figure 1-4, where figure 1 shows the preferred and other options cultivation of columns in section; figure 2 are the main distinctive features of the reference TM is s under cultivation column; figure 3 presents the distinctive features of the trench over which columns are installed; visualized in figure 4 the overall picture of cultivation of the column.

Cultivation column 1 (figure 1) has a different geometry in the context of: options b and E are designed for plants with strong stems and a well-developed leaves, options C and D - for plants with less powerful stalks and leaves, options a and F are used for more delicate plants and more dense planting in the column. All variants of the columns (except F) made of concrete mixtures, and option F presents corrugated plastic pipe of the type Pragma or they are.

Cultivation column is mounted on a support pedestal 2 (figure 2), is made with a recess 3 (column size)at the bottom of which is a ring 4 of elastic material for sealing and mitigating shock loads during installation of the column in the cultivation room. The excavation for the installation of the column passes into the channel 5 to discharge (collection) of the nutrient solution. In the recess 6 of the bearing pedestal made pipe system with a foster fitting 7, the valve 8 is closed with a cover 9, and the nozzle 10 for connection to the power system of cultivation of the column.

Cultivation the column, together with the supporting pedestal is installed in the trench 11 (figure 3), made with shaped box having a housing wall 12 is perforated plane 13 to drain wash water in the reservoir 14 wastewater. Figure box protects from direct exposure to sewage on line 15 of the nutrient solution, the duct 16 and the collector 17 of the collection of the nutrient solution. The top of the trench is covered with a protective grille 18.

In General the integrity of the cultivation column are presented in figure 4. Food cultivation columns made flexible hose 19, the flexible hose 20 connected to the nozzle 21. Runoff (collection) of the nutrient solution is made by means of flexible hose 22. Mount cultivation columns from movements (oscillations) carried out by the cable 23 through hoops 24 and mounting hardware (not shown).

Lighting plants made with light garlands 25 connected to the connector 26 and the switching box 27 (with appropriate automatic), fixed on the beam 28 cultivation of the hall.

That is, in principle and brief expression we have in respect of the following devices: Cultivation vertical column of concrete or plastic, made with the possibility of landing in the wall of the plant, with the cover secured in her nozzle, flexible hose for connection with the line of the nutrient solution, a support pedestal to stabilize the situation and connect communications, mounting the Hoop to stabilize the situation in the upper part, the electrical connector for the larger connecting apertures is inane lighting garlands.

Carry out a method of servicing cultivation columns as follows. Before installing columns on a support pedestal 2 (2 and 4) hose 19 is connected to the nozzle 21 and the nozzle 10, and then close the lid of the column is installed on the connector 26 and the column is lowered into the recess 3 on the support stand 2. The column top with Hoop 24 is attached to the cable 23. Then perform the connection fitting 7, line 15 of the nutrient solution and the holes 5 for collecting the nutrient solution from the reservoir 17 to collect solution flexible hose 22.

In the installed vertically and fixed cultivation column are planted plants and arrange the duct of the nutrient solution through the line 15, the hose 19, the fitting 7, the valve 8, the fitting 10, the hose 20, the nozzle 21, precast hole 5, the hose 22 and the collector 17.

Then connect the light garlands 25 to the connector 26 and the switching box 27.

The spent nutrient solution recovered in the mortar site (not shown).

That is, in principle and brief terms, we have a relatively method include a method of servicing cultivation columns, including the stabilization of its position using the reference tables at the bottom and metal cable in the upper part, the supply and removal of the nutrient solution, the air supply and gas-air mixtures individually for each column, the light is their cultivated plants with light garlands.

Literary sources

1. The Antufiev I.A. apparatus for the cultivation of plants in the office. RF patent №2414121 from 21.10.2008,

2. The Antufiev I.A. Device for growing plants. RF patent №2248120 from 17.06.2002,

1. Cultivation vertical column of concrete or plastic, made with the possibility of landing in the wall of the plant, with the cover secured in her nozzle, flexible hose for connection with the line of the nutrient solution, a support pedestal to stabilize the situation and connect communications, mounting the Hoop to stabilize the situation in the upper part, the electrical connector for connecting lighting garlands.

2. Method of servicing cultivation columns, including the stabilization of its position using the reference tables at the bottom and metal cable in the upper part, the supply and removal of the nutrient solution, the air supply and gas-air mixtures, at least one column, the lighting of cultivated plants with light garlands.



 

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