Factory-greenhouse for intensive plant production (device and method)

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: factory-greenhouse has a foundation, a chief south and north walls, a deflector in the upper part of the greenhouse to create a vertical movement of air from the greenhouse to the outside. The factory-greenhouse has an internal support structure with horizontal girders for mounting vertical cultivating columns in the form of corrugated plastic pipes and location of the system for creation of water aerosol, a translucent sealed cover mounted on the support structure, the trenches with perforated covers on the greenhouse floor for laying air ducts, sewers for collection of nutrient solution and pipelines for supply of nutrient solution to the cultivation columns, a ventilation system with an intake and cleaning air for supply to the greenhouse through air ducts through the holes in the covers of the floor trenches. The factory-greenhouse comprises a reflector of sunlight and artificial light, a spotlight with colour optics, a mud room, as well as an irrigation system of translucent cover in the form of a pumping system, a main pipeline with holes for outdoor irrigation of the coating, the collector of water flowing down from the coating for subsequent spraying it after cleaning and sterilisation inside the greenhouse through the nozzles to produce an aerosol of water and water vapour. The method is characterised in that it comprises the supply of filtered air to the greenhouse through the holes in the floor of the greenhouse to generate ventilation according to the scheme of bottom-up and outlet of air through one or more holes at the upper part of the greenhouse to prevent ingress inside the premises of pests, creation in the upper part of the greenhouse of water stable water aerosol, highlighting of water aerosol by spotlights with colour optics, reflection and concentration of sunlight and artificial light, outer irrigation of translucent coating with water and collecting this water for subsequent spraying after cleaning and sterilisation in the greenhouse, cultivation of plants on vertically arranged columns.

EFFECT: proposed device and method provide the most complete use of sunlight and artificial light for light and colour stimulation of plants, prevent ingress into interior of the greenhouse of pests, dust and rainwater, which enables to provide high quality plant products.

2 cl, 7 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of agricultural production, namely for energy-efficient greenhouses in intensive method of growing plants. The proposed invention can be used in the industrial production of plant products, as well as in research projects and, in particular, to develop new varieties of Mature plants from national practice farms.

Known technical solutions aimed at reducing energy costs, greenhouse growing plants by using the tools and mechanisms for more efficient use of sunlight (for example, see Andreev P.A. and other energy-efficient greenhouse. Bulletin of inventions (claims and patents) 1998. - N12).

The disadvantage of this greenhouse is the presence of a complex automated system for tracking the position of the sun, including sensors, actuators, power supply system. This reduces the reliability of the system increases its cost, increases the costs of operation.

Another solution is the invention according to patent RU 2165690 (13) C2 (Mariachis F.G. and others), which are provided in the roof and on the side walls of the rotary plate made of a transparent material that transmits ultraviolet radiation and resistant to atmosphere the x precipitation, and in the upper part of the greenhouse directly below the deflection plates of the roof at its parts installed drums with a driving mechanism and a wound on them opaque and reflective film element and the ability to scroll from one drum to another.

The disadvantage of this greenhouse is leakage of the main canvas transparent roof (roof and side surfaces)that creates in the internal volume of the greenhouse lightly managed or unmanaged streams of air, preventing the organization of high-intensity crop production systems, and making unwanted effects, especially during pollination. In addition, the greenhouse can get rainwater flows during a shower, and in good weather, the greenhouse becomes open to insect pests.

The goal (and challenge) of the present invention is the creation of factory construction of greenhouses and conditions (methods) for the intensive cultivation of old varieties within their physiological capabilities using all the advantages of natural genotype. An important aim of the invention is the refusal of the hybrid and genetically modified varieties and getting healthy natural food, which the population was self-sufficient when using old varieties of plants.

The above technical result is achieved family is different, but working together factors:

1 - rational design of a greenhouse, allowing maximum use of solar insolation with the rational way to reflect and concentrate sunlight in the amount of greenhouse

2 - rational type of ventilation of greenhouses scheme is bottom-up, preventing the release of greenhouse insect pests and are not detrimental to plants during pollination, as well as providing full ventilation supply air to each cultivation pipe with its plants and shipping plants carbon dioxide supply air,

3 - adjustable air flow with the use of water mist and/or aerosol in the upper part of the greenhouse as the color of the lenses to increase the impact on plants of a certain part of the solar spectrum and/or artificial light,

4 - use of water, water droplets, water spray and natural water vapor for irrigation svetoprozrachnogo greenhouse covering and absorption of long-wave infrared part of the spectrum of sunlight,

5 - use of water, water droplets, water spray and natural water vapor for the purpose of color load plants (spectral filtering of light), created as a natural u is cnym lighting, and artificial lighting with spotlights and reflectors of light,

6 - the use of projectors with interchangeable color lenses together with reflectors, to reduce the number of lamps in the greenhouse, increasing lighting efficiency and significant energy savings,

7 - use of corrugated pipes (for example, type Pragma or they) as the cultivation of columns.

The invention is illustrated by figures 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, which depict the details of the factory-greenhouses with a support structure and cultivation columns (figure 1), the trench (figure 2) with the communication scheme of the trench at the place of installation of the bearing pedestal (figure 3) under cultivation column with the connected communication scheme ventilation (figure 4) with its engineering solution scheme irrigation transparent roof of the greenhouse (figure 5) with the absorption spectrum of the solar radiation and the subsequent creation of the water spray inside the greenhouse by one of the following engineering solutions.

Factory-greenhouse for intensive crop production (figure 1) consists of a Foundation (floor) 1 with padded therein closed by a grating trenches 2, small (South) wall 3 with window openings and the great Northern wall 4 also with window openings, of a height approximately twice as much of the South wall.

Inside greenhouses made porna metal construction with 5 horizontal trusses 6 for fastening cultivation columns 7 and placement to create fine water spray. A supporting structure mounted translucent cover 8. The vertical movement of air from the greenhouse to the outside made the deflector 9. Translucent coating formed sealed over the entire surface to prevent the ingress of insects, rain water and dust inside the greenhouse.

For concentration and reflection of solar and artificial light in the greenhouse mounted reflective device 10, allowing different positions relative to the incident natural and/or artificial light. In addition to the movable reflector in the greenhouse is stationary reflectors 11, located in areas supporting metal structures. For supplementary lighting system of plants and color load on them (i.e. the selection and/or amplification of a certain portion of the solar spectrum and/or artificial lighting) in the greenhouse also has a line of projectors 12 color optics.

The trench (figure 2) in the floor of the greenhouse (in the basement or "cushion") is made with the possibility of combining different functions. In the bottom of the trench formed tray 13 for discharge of process waters, and on the walls of the trench made highway 14 for feeding the nutrient solution in the cultivation of the pipe, local ventilation duct 15 and the reservoir 16 to collect arising from the cultivation of the pipes of the nutrient solution. At the top of chastetree installed trough, having perforated sections 17 and perforated, hollow sections 18, protect piping and ducting from contact with dirty process water. Over gutters installed protective cover 19 with perforations for the escape of air and water vapor.

At the setup cultivation of the pipe, the trench is supporting pedestal 20 (figure 3) with a recess 21 to accommodate the cultivation of the pipe resting on the rings 22 of elastic material. In the Cabinet made the pipes 23 and 24 for connecting to the backbone of the nutrient medium and controlling the pressure therein, and the pipe 25 for connection to the collector collecting the nutrient solution. At the bottom of the trench is completed sewer drain 26.

The ventilation system (figure 4) is made for the movement of air from the bottom up, with the inlet holes arranged in arrays (caps) trenches in the floor of the greenhouse, a lot, and the hole of one or a small number. This creates the effect of a strong air flow outlet air vent, preventing the ingress of greenhouse insect pests. The air flows coming from the neighboring trenches, create light vortices, which are slightly spin the air around the spray water and/or nutrient solution nozzles 27 and contribute to the formation of aerosol lenses for more effective work with colour i.e. with the spectrum of natural and/or artificial lighting).

Engineered ventilation system is executed with use of the suction device 28, the filter 29, the compressor 30 and the main duct 31, which runs the local air ducts are placed in trenches on the floor of the greenhouse (in the basement or "pillow" under the greenhouse).

Irrigation system translucent coating to reduce tensions long-wave solar radiation (figure 5) is made on the basis of the pumping system 32 (with tank and filter)feeding the purified water in line 33 with small holes for uniform irrigation (irrigation water) on top of the transparent roof of the greenhouse, and collector 34 in the role of a guide device for flowing water in tank pump 35 (with filter and sterilizing device, supplying purified and sterilized water in line 36 with the subsequent ejection through a nozzle for spraying indoors factory-greenhouses.

The supply line to the nutrient solution in the cultivation of the colonies formed on the basis of the same pumping system (32), but more power with tanks, filters and sterilizing devices (not shown). Mud room to prepare the uterine and working solutions are not shown.

The entrance to the greenhouse, in order to prevent the ingestion of harmful insects and sudden changes in speed without the ha in the greenhouse, through a simple gated room with two doors separated by a distance of 5-6 meters and double inner curtains (not shown). And for the purposes of pollination internal use (placed inside the greenhouse) colonies of beneficial insects, such as bumblebees, bees and other

That is, in brief terms, in the aspect of the device, we have the following factory-greenhouse for intensive crop production, characterized in that it has the Foundation, capital of the southern and Northern walls, a deflector at the top of the greenhouse to create vertical movement of air from the greenhouse to the outside, the inner support structure with a horizontal truss for mounting vertical cultivation of columns in the form of corrugated plastic pipes and placement to create a water aerosol, translucent hermetic coating, mounted on the support structure, the trench with perforated covers in the floor of the greenhouse for laying ducts, collectors, collection of the nutrient solution and the mains supply of the nutrient solution in the cultivation of the column, the ventilation system intake and air purification to supply it into the greenhouse through the ducts through the holes in the lids trench floor, the reflector solar and artificial light, floodlight color optics, mud room, as well as sist the mu irrigation translucent coating in the form of a pumping system, trunk with holes for outdoor irrigation coverage, collection of runoff from a coating of water for subsequent spray after cleaning and sterilization inside the greenhouse through a nozzle to obtain aerosol and water vapor.

From the point of view of method, we have, in short terms:

the way the organization of production under intensive crop production, characterized by the fact that involves feeding in the greenhouse cleaned air through the holes in the floor of the greenhouse for the formation of the ventilation scheme is bottom-up and exit of air through one or more holes at the top of the greenhouse to prevent inside insect pests, creating in the upper part of the greenhouse sustainable water spray, lighting, water aerosol projectors with color optics, reflection and concentration of solar and artificial lighting, outdoor irrigation translucent cover with water and collecting the water for subsequent spray after cleaning and sterilizing the inside of the greenhouse, cultivation of plants on vertical columns.

The factory works-the greenhouse is as follows. After testing and debugging of systems, cultivation column 7 (1) fill plant (planted seedlings in the wall columns and arrange the duct work of the nutrient solution through the column by the Yu pumping system, highway 14 (3) of the nutrient solution and the nozzle 23. Then (if necessary) start system flushing and cooling translucent greenhouse covering, feeding pump 32 purified water in line 33 for uniform watering translucent cover 8 and collect water collector 34 and subsequent runoff to the capacity of the pumping system 35 (with filter and sterilizer), feeding the cleaned and neutralized water in line 36 to the spray nozzles 27. Flowing through the translucent covering water and a certain amount of vapor in this case, perform the role of a water filter, absorbing harmful to plants long-wave infrared region of the spectrum. In addition, flowing down the roof water is heated and can be used to spray in the greenhouse without additional heating. And inside the greenhouse, in the upper part of the nozzles 27 create fine water spray.

Next, run the ventilation system (figure 4) internal volume of commercial greenhouses, consisting of the inlet 28, the filter 29, the compressor 30, the main duct 31, and local air ducts 15 (figure 2). Achieve the air flow from the bottom up, which supports the slow rise of the water spray in the greenhouse and remove it through the top vent - the vent 9.

The selection of a certain part of the spectrum of the Sol is echnolo light is produced as follows. On a stable aerosol of water droplets and vapors emanating from the nozzles 27 (4), direct the spotlight 12 (figures 1 and 4) of a given color, for example red. The total mass of water droplets in the greenhouse, highlighted the desired color, starts to work like a big filter, which transmits only a specific part of the spectrum of solar radiation. Lights 12, together with the reflectors 10 and 11 (figure 1)increases the overall illumination of plants that accelerates their development and maturation, but also saves energy, bringing tangible economic effect.

Resulting from cultivation of columns 7 (1) culture medium is collected through pipe 25 (Fig 3) in the collection manifold 16 of the nutrient solution.

Harvest all year round as the ripening of plants. For the purposes of pollination internal use (placed inside the greenhouse) colonies of beneficial insects, such as bumblebees, bees and other

Literary sources

1. Andreev P.A. and other energy-efficient greenhouse. Bulletin of inventions (claims and patents) 1998. No. 12).

2. Mariachis F.G. and other EN 2165690 (13) C2, A01G 9/14, A01G 9/22, E04H 5/08. Publication date: 27.04.2001.

3. The Antufiev IA EN 2248120. Device for growing plants (17 June 2002).

4. The Antufiev IA EN 2414121. Apparatus for the cultivation of plants in the office (21 October 2008).

1. Factory-greenhouse for intens the main crop, characterized in that it has the Foundation, capital of the southern and Northern walls, a deflector at the top of the greenhouse to create vertical movement of air from the greenhouse to the outside, the inner support structure with a horizontal truss for mounting vertical cultivation of columns in the form of corrugated plastic pipes and placement to create a water aerosol, translucent hermetic coating, mounted on the support structure, the trench with perforated covers in the floor of the greenhouse for laying ducts, collectors, collection of the nutrient solution and the mains supply of the nutrient solution in the cultivation of the column, the ventilation system intake and air purification to supply it into the greenhouse through air pipes through the holes covers the trench floor, the reflector solar and artificial light, floodlight color optics, mud room, and a system of irrigation translucent coating in the form of a pumping system, a trunk with holes for outdoor irrigation coverage, collection of runoff from a coating of water for subsequent spray after cleaning and sterilization inside the greenhouse through a nozzle to obtain aerosol and water vapor.

2. The way the organization of production under intensive crop production, characterized in that includes the flow in the greenhouse cleaned air through the holes in the floor of the greenhouse for the formation of the ventilation scheme is bottom-up and exit of air through one or more holes at the top of the greenhouse to prevent ingestion premises insect pests, creating in the upper part of the greenhouse sustainable water spray, lighting, water aerosol projectors with color optics, reflection and concentration of solar and artificial lighting, outdoor irrigation translucent cover with water and collecting the water for subsequent spray after cleaning and sterilizing the inside of the greenhouse, cultivation of plants on vertical columns.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: residential and production vertical farm contains floor multi-layer coverings and roof with jacks. In the first layer of coverings there arranged are germination chambers of green food, plantations, green houses with pastures on the surface and town houses with driveways and pedestrian ways. Water pools for sturgeons, prawns, Spirulina and biological water treatment are arranged under them. Germination chamber, plantations and green houses with pastures are made in the form of turning multi-bladed throttle germination chambers with supply and discharge devices of air, bulk materials, potable water and solutions. Germination chambers and water pools allow performing automatic control of productive capacity of plants and animals, precision sowing, seed harvesting, harvesting of plants of any kinds, removal and processing of drains so that fertilisers and hydrogen can be obtained, forming robotic paddocks for feeding with green food, their roots, tuberous roots, seaweeds, planktons of any kinds and age groups of animals, sturgeons and prawns. Vertical farm and its converter power supply allow to quickly respond to the market's needs.

EFFECT: increasing efficiency of agricultural industry.

10 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: storage of agricultural commodities, comprising a foundation, a barrier in the form of an arched frameless insulated dome, a concrete floor, a support wall and a system of ventilation comprising a manifold channel formed with the inner surface of the lower part of the dome and the support wall, and air ducts, besides, the fence is made of panels comprising two layers of a metal corrugated "П"-shaped profile with heat insulation between them, the support wall is arranged in the form of double-tee section stands with fixed metal corrugated sheets of "П"-shaped profile and rectangular pipes laid into profile grooves, and air ducts are made as telescopic perforated channels arranged perpendicularly to the support wall along the whole area of the storage.

EFFECT: increased stiffness and insulation properties of storage barrier elements.

2 dwg

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to livestock farm microclimate using energy saving elements. The technical result is achieved in natural heat exchanging drying system of livestock farm ventilation which comprises an intake section including an air-to-fluid heat exchanger, an air-to-air heat exchanger with an air distributor and a flute, a pipe, a trickle off sheet and a condensate collecting funnel as well as at least one exhaust section including an air-to-fluid heat exchanger with flutes and a condensate collecting pipe and a heat-insulated exhaust vent shaft with a valve in the upper part and a cowl; the air-to-fluid heat exchangers of the intake and exhaust sections are connected to each other by pipes and the loop of the heat exchangers and pipes is filled with non-freezing liquid.

EFFECT: providing for high positive heat balance in livestock farm buildings in winter time.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, complex agricultural productions.

SUBSTANCE: method involves process and objects arranged in predetermined manner, and place planned according to relief, with geographic and other necessary factors being taken into consideration so that directions of natural air flows are corrected. Agricultural production includes complex greenhouses, heat accumulator, basin, garden, and wind shield. Air flow directed into garden is saturated with water vapors in gaseous state if increase in temperature is desirable when it is close to minimal admissible value, and in small droplet state when lower temperature is desirable. Processor functions as central controller. Objects of branches in agricultural production are selected so that objects of previous branches make raw material for objects of subsequent branches. Furthermore, joint mutually useful development of these objects at suitable conditions is possible. These conditions are created in complex greenhouse units intermediate with regard to said branches. General-purpose containers with raw material are conveyed through said complex greenhouse units. This results in multiple sequential-parallel utilization of raw materials in number of branches of industry. Method stipulates employment of useful relations between populations of organisms - objects of agricultural branches of industry: symbiosis and, according to kind of symbiosis, natural selection.

EFFECT: increased resource saving, reduced production costs of agricultural product and improved ecology of environment.

5 cl, 2 dwg

Covering for plants // 2268580

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, covering used for farm crops on home ground or farm, as well as in agricultural collective farms.

SUBSTANCE: covering for plants consists of uniform parts, that is, flat flexible arched members, which are mounted on base in pairs one above another in intersecting relationship, at an angle to each other. Flat flexible arched members are connected with one another through flexible members at points of intersection of arched members and between adjacent pairs.

EFFECT: simplified construction, reduced number of different-type completing parts, improved unification, and reduced costs for manufacture of covering construction.

3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, protective complexes for plants, including greenhouses and hothouses equipped with electrotechnical and other equipment for care of plants and heat-loving bushes grown under home conditions or small-scale commercial plant growing conditions.

SUBSTANCE: protective complex has foundation pit with supporting carcass onto which transparent protective casing is put. Plastic walls of foundation pit are slightly extending beyond base of supporting carcass and are secured by means of drop screen. Foundation pit bed has ground provided with thermal layer and soil heating members. Foundation pit bed is connected through pipe to suspended closed reservoir hung under complex roof to define, in conjunction with foundation pit construction filled with ground and top layer of fertile soil, single reservoir with water influx-discharge regulated by means of electronic valves provided on branches as well as on pipe. Water is pumped through lower branch by means of water pump into suspension reservoir, and other branch equipped with electronic valve defines closed semicircle on pipe. Such construction provides water discharge by avoiding first branch from suspended reservoir into pipe equipped with corrugated insert provided at its lower end. Level of discharged water is controlled through bushing equipped with float having water level measuring ruler. Supporting carcass incorporates thermal sensors, humidity sensors, illumination sensors, air heating members, and illumination lamps. Valves are opened and closed by means of electronic device. All parts of protective complex are totally controlled by electronic instrument for maintaining optimal microclimate mode. On the basis of electronic instruments and with the use of communicating vessels principle, protective complex may be created, wherein, apart from setting optimal water level in ground soil and irrigation time, optimal heating and illumination mode may be maintained to thereby regulate plant development. Protective complex allows vegetable and other crops, as well as wild and exotic plants to be grown.

EFFECT: increased yield of vegetables and other crops.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: greenhouse has vented space, apparatus for removal of carbonic acid gas from atmospheric air and carbonic acid gas generator for generating of carbonic acid gas with low content of carbon 14 isotope. Temperature mode inside greenhouse is reliably maintained by air conditioning and by employment of shock resistant light-transmitting covering tending to retain infrared heat energy. Self-cleaning of light-transmitting covering is provided by means of oxide coating. Sealing capacity of greenhouse is not affected by passage of personnel and equipment therein owing to employment of double door, wherein doors are mutually blocked. Soil air drainage is used for preventing gaseous carbonaceous soil decomposition products from getting into inner atmosphere of greenhouse. Intensified ripening of plants is enabled by addition of ethylene into inner atmosphere of greenhouse.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and simplified construction.

14 cl, 1 ex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: block is composed of transparent cylindrical cups produced by cutting off of throats from used plastic bottles. Columns of cups are positioned tightly one aside the other into frame equipped with device for attachment to other similar frame. Frame has plates arranged in lower and upper part of frame and provided with beads. Restricting plates are arranged at both sides of frame. One of plates is made movable and connected by side couplers to immovable plate.

EFFECT: simplified building of hothouses and greenhouses of different shape and sizes.

2 cl, 1 dwg

Greenhouse // 2239986
The invention relates to the field of agricultural cultivation of plants in greenhouses and can be used, in particular, in the construction of greenhouses for production of various vegetable, fruit, medicinal and flower crops in conditions of artificial microclimate under the translucent coating

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: greenhouse comprises a roof structure 4, at least one row of several pillars 2a-2f. The pillars support at least a part of the roof structure 4. The tray 50f for growing plants extends inside the greenhouse in the direction of the said row of pillars and rests on the pillars arranged one after another in the said row. The tray 50f for growing plants has a central axis that extends in the longitudinal direction of the tray for growing plants and passes through the pillars arranged one after another.

EFFECT: in this implementation of the greenhouse its ease of use increases and use of incident daylight is improved.

15 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method is characterised by the use of a solid plate of comb polycarbonate arch-curved as a covering material. The threads are passed inside the parallel plates of the comb polycarbonate plate and through certain barriers between them, i.e. through cells, at a specified interval. The ends of the threads are secured at the base of the greenhouse by tension in the ground.

EFFECT: method enables to build a greenhouse which is simple in design, compact in the assembled state, quick to install and disassemble, with reduced weight.

5 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device for mounting a hot frame has a marking rule established on the base, and portable marking plates articulated with a rule of locations of a hot frame racks. The device is made with two movable spacer bars that are connected to the racks with a support temporary connected to the rack and fixed support on the marking plate. Spacer rods are mounted with the ability to adjust the length for adjusting the deviation of the rack from the vertical location to the base. On the support temporary connected to the rack the pointer of the said verticality is mounted. The pointer is made in the form of a flashlight with screw clamp electric (laser) from a battery, which is fixed by the bracket and the holder. Flashlight beam creates a light spot of small diameter on the screen of the marking plate for visual alarm on the achievement of the desired verticality of rack to the base.

EFFECT: claimed design ensures increased productivity when installing the main elements of the hot frame with the required accuracy of location of the racks, it enables with minimal effort to assemble all the elements of the hot frame.

3 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device for attaching films contains a supporting double-tee glasing bar and locks. The glasing bar is made of the composition of polymer thermoplastics and reinforced with carbon fiber. Both shelves of double-tee glasing bar are made with longitudinal semicountersunk grooves for fixing film in one or two layers.

EFFECT: device is not exposed to corrosion, it is resistant to climatic factors, has a simple design and installation, and does not require significant investment.

2 cl, 4 dwg

Bioenergy complex // 2446672

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture and energetics, and is intended for obtaining livestock products, fish, poultry, biocompost, concentrated soil solution, worms, charcoal and heat energy. Bioenergy complex comprises isolated from the environment units of animal management, vermicultivation with the poultry zone, fish farming and growing plants. In addition, the complex contains a unit of pyrolysis processes. All units are located on the slope of angle of 15°-35° to the horizon line. The upper unit is a unit of animal management, behind it there is a unit of vermicultivation. Further on the slope there is a unit of fish farming, a unit plants growing and a unit of pyrolysis processes. In all units the temperature is maintained of 20° C to 24° C. They are connected by channels of water and gas exchange (12).

EFFECT: complex, the most efficient cultivation of animal and plant products with increase of their productivity by 25-35% with minimum energy consumption.

7 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises a frame from single-type arc elements, support stands with stop elements, a stop, a rectangular base at least with four pockets, a light-transmitting coating. Single-type arc elements of the frame are rigidly connected to each other. The frame is equipped with limiters of its displacement, which are rigidly installed at the end of at least end arc elements of the frame with the possibility of movement in a pocket in planes, where axial lines of arc elements lie, and also with the possibility of entrance to it (exit from it). Support stands are rigidly installed on the base, in the place passing through the axial line of the central arc element. One end of the stop is hingedly fixed on the central arc element, capable of movement in the plane passing through the axial line of the central arc element. The length of the stop is selected so that every second end may contact in turn with each stop element.

EFFECT: higher convenience.

12 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to agriculture. Method involves cutting of furrow in soil, installation of tray into it, seed sowing, transplanting into soil and watering through holes made at tray bottom. Waterproof screen with grooves made on one of side edges is placed between side walls of tray and inclination is given to it in direction of grooves.

EFFECT: method allows protecting plants against glased rain and provides control of plant watering owing to atmospheric moisture.

1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: collapsible greenhouse comprises a frame formed by arched structures, made of parts, longitudinal parts and end arched structures with doors and air vents, a light-transparent barrier, closing units. All parts of the frame have paint and varnish or other protective coating against corrosion and are made of a thin-sheet cold-rolled steel furring channels with a middle shelf, inclined side walls and bends of edges to outside. Arched structures are made in the form of trusses, which include arcs equipped with chords serially connected to them. Middle parts of the neighboring chords are connected to each other by means of chord ties. Middle parts of chords and chord ties of each truss are connected to an arc by means of radial ties. Bends of frame part channel are arranged as side shelves of the channel. Arc parts are connected to each other by overlapping, for this purpose they have a lengthy slot cut of the middle shelf along the overlapping length, and are fixed along the side shelves and inclined side walls by means of a helical joint. Arcs are fixed to the longitudinal parts by means of the helical joint of side shelves of channels. Chords are connected to arcs. According to the first version all arched parts of the frame face outwards with their middle shelves. Chords are connected with arcs, and chord ties with chords - by deepening of end sections of the channel into the channel and are fixed by a helical joint along inclined side walls of channels. Radial ties are connected to arcs by deepening of end sections of the channel into the channel, and for this purpose there are cuts of the channel side shelves provided at the joined ends of radial ties. Radial ties are connected to chords and chord ties by enveloping of their channel from the outside with end sections of the radial ties, and for this purpose there are cuts of the channel middle shelf provided at the joined ends of radial ties connected to them. Radial ties are fixed with arcs, chords and chord ties by means of a helical joint along inclined side walls of channels. According to the second version all arched parts of the frame face inwards with their middle shelves. Chords are connected to arcs by enveloping chords of arc channels with end sections of the channels from the outside. Chord ties are connected to chords by enveloping chord channel chord ties with end sections of the channels from the outside and are fixed by a helical joint along inclined side walls of the channels. Radial ties are connected to arcs by enveloping arc channel ties with end sections of the channel, and for this purpose there are cuts of the channel middle shelf provided at the joined ends of radial ties connected to them. Radial ties are connected to chords and chord ties by deepening of end sections of the channel into the channel and are fixed by a helical joint along inclined side walls of channels.

EFFECT: arrangement ensures structure rigidity and production of greenhouses of various width.

6 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. The method includes processes of snow removal from the outer surface of a greenhouse, creation of volume reserves and earth surface for removed snow, passage of sky radiation, change of barrier structures heat transfer and change of protected soil area. At the same time processes of frame adaptation are related in time with changeover from rainy warm spring, summer, autumn seasons to a snowy winter season. Processes of barrier structures adaptation are related to daily changes of climatic parameters in the "day-night" mode, solar radiation and night sky radiation. At the same time processes of snow removal, reservation of volume and area for removed snow are ensured by autumn transformation of configuration of outer contours of block greenhouse into configuration of according number of hangar greenhouses with an incline, barrier structures towards horizon, excluding snow deposition. Interruption of effect of night sky radiation and control of solar radiation penetration are provided with reverse introduction/removal of additional outer layers of heat insulation and outer screening layers into barrier structures of the greenhouse. And protected soil area is increased by means of spring transformation into configuration of spring-summer-autumn block greenhouse by means of spring coverage of greenhouse volume and area reserve intended for winter stocking of snow with a coating.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to speed up ripening of fruit, to reduce demand for heat and snow load, to increase evenness of heat source loading, to protect greenhouse space against spring-summer overheating.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: green house comprises a frame, which has side surface formed by arcs connected to each other on top in pairs and made of parts, and by longitudinal parts, end structures with doors and air vents, a clear coating, closing units. All parts of the frame have paint-and-varnish or other protective coating against corrosion and are made of a thin-sheet cold-rolled steel section bar of hat-shaped section. The steel section bar of hat-shaped section has a middle shelf, inclined side walls and bends of edges outside. According to the first version, all outer parts of the side surface of the frame are inverted with middle shelves of the section bar to the outside. Arcs form a lancet structure, and bends of the section bar are arranged in the form of side shelves. All parts of arcs are connected to each other with an overlap and are fixed by means of helical joints. Arcs are connected to longitudinal parts by means of fixation of side shelves of a longitudinal part by a helical joint on the side shelf of the arc. In the ridge part arcs are connected to each other and are covered with an angular ridge section bar fixed with a helical joint. Arcs are equipped with cross braces in the form of chords. Arcs in the area of fixation with upper parts of cross braces are connected to each other in pairs by means of ties. Middle parts of cross braces are connected to their arcs by means of radial ties. Cross braces are connected to arcs by deepening of end sections of the section bar into the section bar and are fixed by a helical joint along inclined side walls of the section bars. Radial ties are connected to arcs by means of deepening of end sections of the section bar into the section bar, for this purpose there are cuts of the section bar middle shelves at connected ends of radial ties. Radial ties are connected to cross braces by means of outside covering of their section bar with end sections of radial ties, for this purpose there are cuts of the section bar middle shelf at connected ends of radial ties. Radial ties are fixed with arcs and cross braces by means of a helical joint along inclined side walls of the section bars. The second version of a green house differs from the first one by the fact that all outer parts of the side surface of the frame are inverted with middle shelves of the section bar to the inside. Cross braces are connected to arcs by outside covering of arc section bars with end sections of the cross brace section bars and are fixed by a helical joint along inclined side walls of the section bars. Radial ties are connected to arcs by means of outside covering of arc section bars by end sections of tie section bars, for this purpose at the ends of radial ties connected to them there are cuts of the middle shelf of the section bar, the radial ties are connected to cross braces by deepening of end sections of the section bar into the section bar, and are fixed by means of the helical joint along inclined side walls of section bars.

EFFECT: invention provides for simple design, more rational usage of protected volume and universality of frame usage - both for film and for polycarbonate.

4 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: block is composed of transparent cylindrical cups produced by cutting off of throats from used plastic bottles. Columns of cups are positioned tightly one aside the other into frame equipped with device for attachment to other similar frame. Frame has plates arranged in lower and upper part of frame and provided with beads. Restricting plates are arranged at both sides of frame. One of plates is made movable and connected by side couplers to immovable plate.

EFFECT: simplified building of hothouses and greenhouses of different shape and sizes.

2 cl, 1 dwg

Up!