Method of treating negative emotional experiences

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine and can be used for treatment of negative emotional experiences in short term. At first, patient verbalises in word or phrase a negative emotional experience. After that, they concentrate on their body sensations, detect theirs(head, chest, abdomen). Then, doctor determines presence of macrosaccades in smooth circular movement of eyes when they follow a moving object (for instance, a pencil) within motor vision field of eye. After that, patient closes eyes, covers them with hands and peers into darkness. First, there will be black background before eyes. Then, some points, strips, colours, etc. start to appear against it. Patient concentrates on the image they see. After that, doctor touches with a hand the place of patient's body sensation. At the same time patient is suggested to make chaotic movements by eye balls under eyelids for 15-40 seconds and repeat aloud or to themselves a word or phrase, which characterises negative emotional experience. Movements of eyeballs are stopped in the quadrant of detected macrosaccade. After that, patient's closed eyes are lit by pocket torch from the distance of 10-20 cm for 10-15 sec. Course of treatment constitutes 1-3 procedures.

EFFECT: method makes it possible to activate and stimulate process of information processing due to focusing patient's attention simultaneously on five stimuli.

3 ex

 

The invention relates to medicine and can be used both in the inpatient and outpatient medical practice, as well as in all situations, for accelerated assistance for negative experiences.

There is a method of systematic desensitization [WolpeJ. Psychotherapybyreciprocalinhibition. Stanford, CA: StanfordUniversityPress. 1958. - 239 R.], which consists in the following. Patient with negative feelings initially trained in progressive relaxation according to Jacobson. Next, on the basis of the survey the doctor finds the patient the nature of his negative experiences and compiles a list of conditions and circumstances that contribute to their development, in order of increasing strength traumatic exposure. The patient is encouraged to call the representation of the concerns of its scenes, starting with the least important. Moving from situation to situation, the patient reaches the most exciting and learns to stop it with relaxation. The main disadvantage of this method are the high cost of time (4-5 hours a day several times a week for several weeks).

The following known method - psychotherapy emotional trauma with the help of eye movements [Shapiro F. Psychotherapy emotional trauma using eye movements: Basic principles, protocols and procedures / Lane. from English. Asterina. - M.: Independent firm "Class", 1998. - 496 C.]. The essence of the method consists in the claim is stvennoi activation process expedited processing and neutralization of traumatic memories, and any other negative information that is locked in neural networks of the brain, using a standard eye movement after verbalization and definitions of bodily sensations when negative memories. The disadvantage of this method lies in the duration of treatment is not less than 90 minutes. When this dries the cornea of eyes, tired eye muscles, the method cannot be used when high levels of anxiety.

The closest analogue of the invention is a method of psycho catalysis bodily sensations [Yermoshin A.F. Things in the body: a Psychotherapeutic method of dealing with feelings. - M.: Independent firm "Class", 2004. - 320 S. - prototype]. The essence of psycho catalysis in the following: verbalized and determined the localization of bodily sensations, corresponding to a specific experience, then it " objectivated " by asking questions: how much it costs, what "volume" is "bright", "dark", etc. In the end the patient and decide whether to keep the feeling in same or modified form, or to get rid of this feeling. This method largely restores the resource person than it eliminates the negative emotion.

The objective of the invention is to develop a method of treatment of negative experiences, which aims at reducing the duration of treatment of negative experiences (3-5 minutes), and can be is used for patients with vision problems, speech, as well as high levels of anxiety, worry and fear.

The technical result when using the invention, the activation and stimulation of the data processing process by focusing attention simultaneously on five stimuli.

This technical result is achieved in that in the method of treatment of negative experiences, including verbalization of the word or phrase negative experiences, the identification of the localization of bodily sensations in the head, chest, abdomen, treatment is 1-3 treatments, according to the invention further define microsaccade with a smooth circular motion eye while tracking a moving object within a magnetic field of vision, then the patient is asked to close their eyes, cover their hands, focus on the image, then perform the touch of the localization of bodily sensations, after which the patient carries out random motion eye apples under the closed eyelids for 15-40 seconds with simultaneous repeat aloud or silently for a word or phrase describing a negative experience, and eye movements completed in quadrant detected microsaccade, then cover closed eyes light pocket lantern from a distance of 10-20 cm for 10-15 seconds.

The proposed method is ecene negative experiences as follows. Verbalized (word or phrase) negative experience (e.g., worry, anxiety, fear). Determine the localization of bodily sensations. To do this, given the setting: "Listen to any part of your body, where is the experience that you are now experiencing: at the level of the head, chest, abdomen or elsewhere? Show hand this place."

Next, determine the presence of microsaccade with a smooth circular motion eye while tracking a moving object (e.g. pencil) within the motor field of view (empirically found that after a successful session, microsaccade disappear, according to our hypothesis microsaccade demonstrate unconscious "avoidance" of the brain, where negative information). Then we proceed to further instructions: "Close your eyes, cover their hands, peering into the darkness that his eyes see. Wait a bit to glare received from the lighting devices and the light disappeared. First, before the eyes will be black background. It will be visible to some point, stripe, color or something else, find them. Explore all the sections of the "screen". Focus on the visible image.

Then the doctor warned in advance, touches his hand to the place you installed the localization of bodily sensations. The patient is asked to do besporjadok the e motion eye apples under the eyelids with the fastest comfortable speed for 15-40 seconds. Simultaneously, the patient repeats a word or phrase describing the experience. Eye movements completed in quadrant detected microsaccade. After that, the doctor directs light pocket lantern on closed eyelids (the light bulb is 3.5 volts and 0.28 amps) from a distance of 10-20 cm for 10-15 seconds (for final purification of the visual image and the stimulation of the brain). Treatment is 1-3 treatments.

The essence of the proposed method lies in the fact that with the proposed method is the assimilation of negative material by activation of the information-processing system. Strengthen and encourage the processing of information occurs when we focus our attention simultaneously on five stimuli: 1) bodily; 2) tactile; 3) visual image; 4) the movements of the eyeballs (all four stimulus belong to the first signal system) and (5) the verbalization of experiences (the second signal system).

The method allows to combine separate areas of so-called "neural networks" by understanding the unconscious up to this point, bodily, tactile, visual sensations and certain words that characterize the experience and process information natural neurophysiological mechanism, by including in the recycler "excluded", "n who get" the material.

Light eye irritation in action is a huge number of the nervous and endocrine mechanisms that ultimately affects the immune system and the functioning of internal organs.

The invention is illustrated by the following examples.

Example 1. Female 55 years old, a teacher, was in a state of chronic stress due to relationship conflicts at work. The experience was verbalizable the word "fear"felt it in the abdomen (from the xiphoid process to the umbilicus), characterized as "trembling", "volume", as "jelly". Microsaccade 11 hours. Before the closed eyelids he saw something glowing", "yellow", "Albourne" on a black background. When touched by hand to the localization of bodily sensations (belly) the patient was asked to do random motion eye apples under the eyelids with the fastest comfortable speed for 15-40 seconds and repeat the phrase: "I'm scared". Eye movements were completed in the area of the detected microsaccade 11 hours. The procedure was finished by the light of a flashlight closed eyes for 10-15 seconds. Conducted one procedure. The fear, the feeling in the abdomen, the image seen under the closed eyelids and microsaccade disappeared. The stomach was filled with warmth.

Example 2. Male 42 years old, an engineer, a long time did not apply for stomatal is formed by using fear. The experience was described as "anxiety", felt in the chest area, was described as "goose bumps". Microsaccade for 7 hours. Before the closed eyelids - "light", "flash point". When touched by hand to the site of localization of bodily feelings (breast), the patient was asked to do random motion eye apples under the eyelids with the fastest comfortable speed for 15-40 seconds and repeat the phrase "I feel". Eye movements were completed in 7 hours. After that directed light pocket lantern on closed eyelids from a distance of 10-20 cm for 10-15 seconds.

After the first procedure, "goose bumps" is preserved, but worried less. For centuries before "flash point" reduced in diameter and brightness. The second procedure in the same sequence. "Shivers" has disappeared, and in their place was "quietly". The anxiety, the image under the closed eyelids and microsaccade disappeared.

Example 3. Female 19 years old, sold, preparing for surgery in the maxillofacial region. The experience was described as "the concern felt in the head, was described as "compressive metal Hoop-helmet". Microsaccade on 8 hours. Before the closed eyelids - four "bright spots" in the upper right quadrant. When touched by hand to the localization of bodily sensations (head) the patient was asked to do messy the motion eye apples under the eyelids with the fastest and most comfortable speed for 15-40 seconds, at the same time repeating the phrase: "I have anxiety". Eye movements were completed on 8 hours. After that directed light pocket lantern on closed eyelids from a distance of 10-20 cm for 10-15 seconds.

After the procedure in my head - "ease" and "emptiness". Anxiety, image, microsaccade disappeared.

The method of treatment of negative experiences, including verbalization of the word or phrase negative experiences, the identification of the localization of bodily sensations in the head, chest, abdomen, treatment is 1-3 treatments, characterized in that it further determine microsaccade with a smooth circular motion eye while tracking a moving object within a magnetic field of vision, then the patient is asked to close their eyes, cover their hands, focus on the image, then perform the touch of the localization of bodily sensations, after which the patient carries out random motion eye apples under the closed eyelids for 15-40, with simultaneous repetition aloud or silently the words or phrase describing a negative experience, and eye movements completed in quadrant detected microsaccade, then cover closed eyes light pocket lantern from a distance of 10-20 cm for 10-15 C.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, namely to psychiatry, and can be used in complex treatment of computer addiction. By clinical method symptoms of disorder are determined: pathological drive to computer activity, loss of quantity control, symptom of psychic comfort/discomfort connected with computer activity, symptom of physical comfort/discomfort connected with computer activity, change of forms of realisation of pathological drive to computer activity, growth of tolerance, disappearance of protecting signs, accentuation of personality, deformation of personality, degradation of personality. Their manifestation is assessed by 4-point scale, where 1 is minimal symptom manifestation, detected only in active interview, 2 corresponds to mild manifestation of symptom, described by patients themselves and moderately influencing their behaviour, 3 corresponds to considerable manifestation of symptom, described by patients and people who surround them, noticeably influencing their behaviour, 4 is maximal manifestation of symptom, determining patient's behavior and life activity; after that, coefficient of progression is determined as ratio of the sum of points of symptom assessment to duration of disorder in years. If coefficient is lower than 12, complex help, combining psycopharmacotherapy and psychotherapy, is rendered in out-patient clinic, if coefficient equals or is higher than 12, hospital treatment is administered.

EFFECT: method makes it possible to increase individualised complex therapy of addiction, increase efficiency of therapeutic and preventive measures, prevent disorder recurrences.

1 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, in particular to methods of weight correction, and may be used for alimentary obesity. For this purpose, autonomous electrical stimulators of the gastrointestinal tract are introduced in the period of weight correction. The preparatory period involves the psychotherapeutic sessions with the electrical stimulator being placed in the patient's mouth for 3-5 days to create and enforce a psychological weight reduction set, and thereafter being swallowed by the patient. Then 2-5 days later, a diet therapy accompanied by a balanced diet is prescribed. At the final stage, the electrical stimulator is introduced once again. The method also involves the use of the electric stimulators, an anode electrode coated with a layer of microelements involved in the digestion and/or metabolism, e.g. zinc, chromium, selenium, copper, and iron.

EFFECT: method provides the effective weight reduction, including by the recovery the intestinal peristaltic function and the more reliable enforcement of a patient's psychological result set, while minimising the negative side effects of the treatment.

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to experimental psychology and self-control skill learning, particularly to a psychological method for overweight reduction. The psychological contract is concluded to obligate the client to comply with a rational diet. A psychological training to normalise the eating behaviour is conducted, including at least four in-person group sessions of 4 to 7 days, alternated by the distant independent activity using the printed guidelines for psychology and eating behaviour dietary science, as well as a control visit. The psychological correction in the patients with conversion, senestopathic and/or anxiodepressive side effects include sessions for Stanislav Grof's transpersonal psychology in a combination with the audio-visual stimulation (AVS). The psychological correction in the patients with side effects in the form of social maladjustment provides the Bert Hellinger modified psychodrama sessions which involve the co-therapists to appear as the patients' family members. The psychological correction in the patients with deficient motivation includes cognitive-behavioural training in a combination with the AVS. The supportive psychological assistance comprises the additional sessions each of which provides counselling. A directed visualisation technique is used to induce ASC and to fix the AVS accompanied suggestions; the ASC is induced by V.P. Kolosov's transpersonal psychology followed by colour meditation to induce the meditative ASC in a combination with the AVS, and D.N. Uznadze's result attitudes are fixed. Each session is supported by counselling. At the first session, the targeted strategies of rational eating behaviour are presented. The following sessions aim at supporting the targeted eating behaviour and/or correcting the aberrant behaviour. The last session provides aiming at an attitude suggested the independent implementation of the targeted strategies. During the distant independent activity implying the first gap of the sessions, there are actualised positive effects of overweight reduction, then there are actualised positive effects of overeating and weight gain to make a final list of alternative pleasures associated other than with food consumption. At the first session, the overweight problem is disidentified from the patient's personality by psychosynthesis. During the first three sessions, there are held indirect psychological testing which includes physical therapy action and suggestion to the client that it promotes the weight reduction. At the second and third sessions, the suggestion is supported by inducing the altered state of consciousness (ASC) through holotropic breathing, and in the second session, aversion is additionally formed against an imaginary product that causes a neurotic desire, and in the third session - in relation to a real product that causes a neurotic desire, provided the further use thereof in the diet during the weight reduction. At each of the sessions, at least once in a combination with the AVS, the ASC is induced by directed visualisation, through relaxation and/or meditation, with at least one of these sessions aiming at fixing the previous suggestions and/or attitudes.

EFFECT: method enables forming the self-control skills to maintain the achieved result for a long period of time and to reduce the effect of the psychologist's personal characteristics on the therapeutic effectiveness.

17 cl, 5 tbl, 4 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, food hygiene. The rational psychotherapy, diet therapy, self-regulation aimed at reducing the functional stress of the pancreas during digestion are applied. At the stage of preparation (1-2 weeks), a number of 60-second breathing exercises (BE) precede every meal, including: normal inhalation, more extended exhalation directed to the solar plexus. After the meal, self-massage of biologically active points: HOU-SI (IG3) on the enteric meridian, HE-GU (GI4) on the colonic meridian. The appetite and digestion are controlled by self-cognition and self-analysis; the need-motivational sphere is described on the principle of a dominant. The food is fletcherised while being separated from water in the mouth. There are used: 3-4 meals a day with a good appetite, water between meals at least 700-1000 ml/day, in the morning, a glass of water drunk at a gulp on an empty stomach 20-30 minutes before breakfast, another 300-500 ml of water between breakfast and lunch, 200-300 ml between lunch and dinner; the portions are no more than 1/4 of a cup or in sips. After lunch and dinner, water and beverages shall not be taken for 2-3 hours, after breakfast and lunch, solid food is washed down. The amount of protein per day is 0.8-1.0 g per kg of normal weight. Besides, 3-5 minutes before bedtime the contrast shower hydrotherapy (CSH) of the lower extremities is applied. The main stage (4-5 weeks) involves the BEs, acupressure, CHS, digestion control, water schedule. The following food is excluded: refined sugar, including added to beverages, roast, smoked food, saturated fat and their products, mayonnaise, ketchup, white bread, pasta, refined vegetable oil, milk, cottage cheese for 2 months. The following food is obligatory: unrefined vegetable fat 30-45 g/day, butter fat 30 g, edible greens, heat treated vegetables, except for potatoes, starchy food, biscuits or chocolate 25 g not later than at 18 o'clock. The food is cooked, stewed or roasted at t°C no more than 100°C; the protein food is garnished with greens. At the final state (2-3 weeks), a daily diet is corrected: protein, fat and carbohydrates in ratio 1:1:4 for the patients of blood groups 1, 3, in ratio 1:1:5 for the patients of blood groups 2, 4, seasonally: cereals - in winter and spring, baked potatoes - in autumn and winter.

EFFECT: method provides weight reduction for a longer period free from stress of hunger, recovered metabolic processes, improved functionality of the digestive system, improved work of the other organs and systems, increased muscle mass, normalised blood chemistry.

3 ex, 3 tbl

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely psychotherapy, and can find application as a method for correction of neurotic and psychosomatic disorders accompanying rehabilitation of extreme professions. An individual is exposed to a music therapy followed by autogenic exposure. In the beginning and at the end of the medical and psychological therapeutic course, the individual's mental and emotional state is assessed. For 10÷14 days, the drug therapy is applied daily twice a day by the oral administration of the preparation Mexidol in a dose of 125 mg if observing the disorders of a moderate severity, and in a dose of 250 mg if observing the severe disorders; it is combined with the receptive music therapy and the autogenic exposure for 30÷30 minutes preceded by a tea ceremony for 7÷10 minutes.

EFFECT: method enables improving the effectiveness of the medical and psychological interventions to restore the mental and emotional state, the compensatory and adaptive reserves of the individual in the extreme conditions, as well as reducing the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder.

5 cl, 2 ex

FIELD: medicine, pharmaceutics.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, exercise therapy and sports. Physical activity including a set of aerobics and bodybuilding exercises is graduated. With depressed psychoemotional state (PES), the group training starts with performing exercises with individual reduction of a number of sets by one, a number of repetitions by 1-3, power load for muscles of chest, abdomen, back and upper extremities - by 1 - 3 kg, for muscles of buttocks and hips - by 5-10 kg, with individual increase by 30-120 sec of a set interval in a combination with individual and group psychological correction aimed at the formation of a positive internal integral mental image of exercising and its results. If the PES occurs to be stabilized during exercising, the set interval is individually reduced by 30-120 seconds. When the PES tends to be increased during exercising, a number of repetitions is individually increased by 1-3, the power load for muscles of chest, abdomen, back and upper extremities is increased by 1-3 kg, and for muscles of buttocks and hips - by 5-20 kg, and the set interval is individually reduced by 30-120 sec.

EFFECT: provided well-balanced overall, psychophysiological and somatic recovery, higher endurance, body shaping in the patients without an active stage of the organic diseases.

2 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medical equipment, namely to devices and methods for internal ear stimulation. The device comprises an element inserted into a user's ear, at least one inductor functionally connected to a control circuit. The inserted element comprises at least one inductor arranged in an immediate proximity from the user's internal ear. The method for internal ear stimulation consists in arranging at least one inductor in an immediate proximity from the user's internal ear and operating the control circuit for supplying electric energy from a power supply to at least one inductor. A control circuit microcontroller comprises machine instructions for controlling electric energy supply to at least one inductor.

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17 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine. A device comprises a power supply, a pulse generator to supply light colour test stimuli sources in visual fields of the right and left eyes and a light-colour stimuli emitter assembly. The pulse generator includes 4 functionally independent sections for programming the electric pulse parameters for the emitters located in the right and left semi-fields of the right and left eyes, and each of the sections of the generator has light pulse, stimulation cycle and stimuli frequency bands controls, and the light-colour stimuli sources are made of inertia-free LEDs of different colours combined into 4 sets of red, orange, yellow LEDs and 4 sets of green and blue LEDs.

EFFECT: invention provides substantially improved emotional state, state of health, activity, mood, reduced trait anxiety and optimised operation algorithms of information-analysis brain structures; it reduces the level of subjective depressive symptoms and potential auto-aggressive outputs.

1 tbl, 2 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to medicine, namely oncology and anaesthesia, and may be used for anaesthetic care for surgical management of oncological patients with accompanied cardiovascular insufficiency. Before the operation, blood 200-250 ml is sampled from a median cubital vein into a blood transfusion container with the anticoagulant Glugicirum 49 ml. Then, the container is added with the complex preparation cytoflavin 0.16I0.02 ml/kg of body weight. After cytoflavin is incubated on autoblood at t -37C for 30 minutes, it is administered intravenously drop-by-drop immediately before the beginning of the anaesthetic care.

EFFECT: method provides improved quality of the anaesthetic care in such patients due to provided adequate correction of haemodynamics and related metabolic homeostatic disorders, prevented developing oxidative stress at all the operative stages, as well as ensured non-specific extra stimulation of the immune system.

1 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: device refers to medical equipment, namely exercise and game machines. The device comprises a personal computer a system unit of which is connected to an optical mouse, a pulse detector with a photo sensor and a motion sensor; it also comprises a load assembly in the form of a stationary bike pedals, two discrete height adjustable telescopic footrest, and a handle bar with a position regulator; the handle bar comprises an attached first button connected via a branch piece to a left button of the optical mouse. The load assembly for the lower extremity muscles is made separately for the left and right legs and consists of two rope-block systems each of which includes an adjusted element, a support slug, a rope, three main slugs one of which spatially rotates, a rubber spring and a 'screw-nut' force pair of a pedal chain gear - common to both legs. The system rotates one of the main slugs, and its pedals are equipped with locks. A cone-shaped spring of a clamp assembly encloses a rod; it is set between a first movable plate and a summing plate. Two handles are attached to the seat of the stationary bike for the left and right hands, and a second button is located on one of them; a third button is provided on a grip in the middle horizontal portion of the handle bar. The buttons are connected in parallel to the first button, to the left button of the optical mouse.

EFFECT: use of the invention enhances the device.

5 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, namely to psychiatry, and can be used in complex treatment of computer addiction. By clinical method symptoms of disorder are determined: pathological drive to computer activity, loss of quantity control, symptom of psychic comfort/discomfort connected with computer activity, symptom of physical comfort/discomfort connected with computer activity, change of forms of realisation of pathological drive to computer activity, growth of tolerance, disappearance of protecting signs, accentuation of personality, deformation of personality, degradation of personality. Their manifestation is assessed by 4-point scale, where 1 is minimal symptom manifestation, detected only in active interview, 2 corresponds to mild manifestation of symptom, described by patients themselves and moderately influencing their behaviour, 3 corresponds to considerable manifestation of symptom, described by patients and people who surround them, noticeably influencing their behaviour, 4 is maximal manifestation of symptom, determining patient's behavior and life activity; after that, coefficient of progression is determined as ratio of the sum of points of symptom assessment to duration of disorder in years. If coefficient is lower than 12, complex help, combining psycopharmacotherapy and psychotherapy, is rendered in out-patient clinic, if coefficient equals or is higher than 12, hospital treatment is administered.

EFFECT: method makes it possible to increase individualised complex therapy of addiction, increase efficiency of therapeutic and preventive measures, prevent disorder recurrences.

1 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of medicine, namely to methods of determining state of human operator. Tested person, who is in rested and tired states, is shown signals of alternating frequency, formed in form of solutionrequiring tests, the number of which is set equal for rested and tired states, indices of tested person's response to shown signals are measured. After carrying out n tests, representative time of correct solution of one test in rested state is determined in correspondence with the formula Trr=(Tav.r1+Tav.r2+Tav.r3++…+Tav.rn)/n, where Trr is representative time of correct solution of one test in rested state, Tav.r is the average time of correct solution of one test in rested state, 1, 2, 3,. …n are sequence numbers of carried out tests, n is the quantity of carried out tests. Assessment of state of human operator further is carried out by relative change of average time of correct solution of one test in tired state in accordance with the formula (Tav.t-Trr)100%/Tav.t, where Tav.t is the average time of correct solution of one test in tired state.

EFFECT: method makes it possible to assess state of human operator by degree of their mental fatigue in accurate and reliable way and predict change of professional indices of operators.

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, namely to psychophysiology, and is intended for diagnostics of psychophysiological state of people. Tested person is shown semantic stimuli both in masked unconscious and conscious form. Carried out are: registration of physiological response with determination of time of response to stimulus, grouping of measurement results in accordance with belonging to one semantic group, their statistic processing and determination of importance for subject of particular group of semantic stimuli. Presentation of significant and neutral unconscious stimuli is adapted to heart rate, when each following stimulus is shown talking into account preceding response. Registration of physiological reaction is performed in remote way by registration of heart rate changes on the basis of analysis of a series of cardiac intervals, obtained with application of pulse ultrawideband sensor of remote monitoring of respiration and heartbeat.

EFFECT: method makes it possible to increase accuracy of determining professional reliability of specialist of extreme activity profile and ensure obtaining precise complex information about specialist state in the process of monitoring.

8 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: device refers to medical equipment, namely exercise and game machines. The device comprises a personal computer a system unit of which is connected to an optical mouse, a pulse detector with a photo sensor and a motion sensor; it also comprises a load assembly in the form of a stationary bike pedals, two discrete height adjustable telescopic footrest, and a handle bar with a position regulator; the handle bar comprises an attached first button connected via a branch piece to a left button of the optical mouse. The load assembly for the lower extremity muscles is made separately for the left and right legs and consists of two rope-block systems each of which includes an adjusted element, a support slug, a rope, three main slugs one of which spatially rotates, a rubber spring and a 'screw-nut' force pair of a pedal chain gear - common to both legs. The system rotates one of the main slugs, and its pedals are equipped with locks. A cone-shaped spring of a clamp assembly encloses a rod; it is set between a first movable plate and a summing plate. Two handles are attached to the seat of the stationary bike for the left and right hands, and a second button is located on one of them; a third button is provided on a grip in the middle horizontal portion of the handle bar. The buttons are connected in parallel to the first button, to the left button of the optical mouse.

EFFECT: use of the invention enhances the device.

5 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention concerns medicine, specifically psychophysiology and psychology. A biological control session is preceded by diagnosing the character properties. The character findings are used to predict the biological control effectiveness of the heart rate parameters. The individuals with high ergicity, plasticity, rate and moderate emotionality exercise stable gain of total power distribution of heart rate variability accompanying the biological feedback training.

EFFECT: method enables correcting the functional state of various groups of populations, ensuring the effective biological control of the heart rate parameters over a short period of time.

3 ex, 3 dwg

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention concerns medicine, specifically endocrinology and medical psychology. For the purpose of determining a necessity of compensation of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM 2), a patient with underlying blood glucose lowering therapy is presented with visual stimuli of the adapted Cattell's 16 factor personality test 16 PF, form A (16-"ЛФ"), on scale 9 (L), in stens. If the 9 (L) scale is less than 5 stens, an additional psychocorrection therapeutic technique is considered to be needed.

EFFECT: method provides determining the necessity of DM 2, and thereby conducting the psychocorrection therapy.

3 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of medicine, namely to neurology. At the first week of stroke degree of neurological deficiency is determined in patient with application of Scandinavian scale of stroke NIHSS, patient's age is taken into account, level of education is determined, content of butirylcholinesterase in blood is determined. Degree of impairment of regulatory functions (P) by 3-4 week of disease is determined by formula: P=15.13-0.095·X-0.44·Y+1.18·Z+0.36·W; where X is patient's age, Y is value of stroke scale NIHSS in points, Z is level of patient's education in points: 1 is incomplete secondary, 2 is secondary, 3 is secondary special, 4 is higher education, W is content of butirylcholinesterase in blood in nmol/s-l. If value P is 16-18, normal regulatory functions are predicted, 12-15 - moderate regulatory dysfunction, lower than 12 - expressed regulatory dysfunction.

EFFECT: method makes it possible to predict degree of impairment of regulatory functions in early terms.

3 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine and medical equipment. Circumference, on which a mark and moving point object are placed, is shown on the screen. At the moment of supposed coincidence of the point object with the mark position of the point object with respect to the mark is registered. Error of non-coincidence of the point object and mark positions- time of delay or feedforward error - is calculated. Average value of delay or feedforward errors is determined. Value is taken for assessment of intensity of nervous processes of excitation, Sfeed is mean quadratic deviation of the results of measurements of feedforward errors where xfeed is value of result of feedforward error, is arithmetic mean value of feedforward errors, nfeed is the number of feedforward errors. Value is taken for assessment of intensity of nervous processes of inhibition, with Sdel being mean quadratic deviation of results of measurements of delay errors where xdel is value of result of delay error, is arithmetic mean value of delay errors, ndel is the number of delay errors.

EFFECT: method extends arsenal of means for assessment of intensity of nervous processes.

1 dwg, 3 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to psychophysiology. Claimed is method of assessing prevailing type of personality (versions), in application of psychophysiological questionnaire or set of test tasks and further assessment of the results, obtained by them, in application of questionnaire assessment of the results being performed after their comparison with assessment stored in preliminarily formed base of successful expert assessments, which characterise types of activity and tasks and/or functional of said types of activity, and determine physiological value of activity, implementation of activity tasks and/or functional, and in application of set of test tasks perform general assessment of results of carrying out complex of psychophysiological sets of test tasks by their comparison with assessments, stored in preliminarily formed data base of expert assessments, which characterise types of activity and tasks and/or functional of said types of activity, and determine physiological value of activity, implementation of activity tasks and/or functional.

EFFECT: method makes it possible to assess prevailing type of behaviour; individual style of activity; carry out professional orientation, form personnel reserve and assist in personnel rotation.

4 tbl, 4 dwg, 5 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to field of preventive medicine, in particular to pediatrics, and can be used for prevention of various forms of hypotrophy and hypertrophy of newborn babies. Medical and biological factors, nutritional status, occupational risk and qualitative indices of parents' life style in formation of physical indices of newborn babies are determined. Body weigh of newborn babies is determined by formula.

EFFECT: method makes it possible to increase reliability of prediction of newborn baby body weight due to taking into account risk factors that have impact on parents.

1 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: medicine.

SUBSTANCE: method involves forming signals as tests requiring solution. The tests are shown with frequency changed proportionally to the frequency they are solved. The number of tests is set to be the same in the cases of recovered and tired state. General amount of time spent for finding solution for given number of tests and the number of tests having right solutions are determined in each state. Mental fatigue degree is evaluated from relative change of mean time needed for finding the right test solution using a relationship like (Tm.r- Tm.t)100%/Tm.t, where Tm.t = Tsum.t/Kr.t, Tm.r = Tsum.r/Kr.r, Tm.t is the time spent for finding the right answer in tired state, Tm.r is the time spent for finding the right answer in recovery state, Tsum.t is the total time spent to solve given number of tests in tired state, Tsum.r is the total time spent to solve given number of tests in recovered state, Kr.t is the number of right answers to the tests in tired state, Kr.r is the number of right answers to the tests in recovered state.

EFFECT: reliable estimation of fatigue degree.

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