Integrated device for special treatment

FIELD: rescue equipment.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of deactivation, degassing, disinfection. The integrated device for deactivation, degassing, disinfection is mounted on a car base chassis and consists of a container which includes: a tank for liquid compositions, the device equipment, set of spare parts, tools and accessories. The device equipment comprises: a membrane pneumatic pump, equipment of electric pneumatic system, two-way valve, the system of pipe supply of solution; the distributing ramp with a fitting to feed the working composition to the object, device remote control. The equipment of electric pneumatic system comprises air pipes, a shut-off valve at the system inlet, a reducer, a solenoid valve, electric cables, air ducts of the pneumatic system of car base chassis through the receiver, a solenoid valve, the reducer is connected to the pump. The solenoid valve is connected by the electric cable to the remote control. The pump is connected by the pipes to the tank, the distributing ramp using the two-way valve.

EFFECT: increased productivity of special treatment and increased reliability of the device operation is achieved due to increasing the number of distributing ramp output fittings, providing multi-channel supply of the working composition.

3 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of special treatment (decontamination, decontamination, disinfection).

Special handling (CO) is to carry out the decontamination, decontamination and disinfection of vehicles and is held in order to maintain the necessary conditions for the execution of tasks in the setting of radiation, chemical, biological (NBC) contamination. Side special handling devices mounted on automobile chassis base.

Analogous to the described device is a standalone device special processing APSO. The device is designed to perform special processing of automotive engineering by method of irrigation and wiping irrigated brush. The instrument comprises: a reservoir for solution (recipe), an independent source of pressure (compressed air), the distribution head with a device for spraying and coating solutions, the device for fastening the device on the objects and carrying of the device during processing. The disadvantages of the device are: the lack of control parameters of the spray formulation; tank formulation allows to process only equipment with a total surface of 40 m2; the presence of compressed air.

The prototype of the proposed device is the on-Board kit special processing BXO. Device before naznachen for special treatment of water and solvent formulations using energy of exhaust gases of internal combustion engines and energy of the compressed air of the pneumatic systems of vehicles and armored personnel carriers with petrol and diesel engines. The kit includes: liquid-gas appliance (fire engine), extension cable, gas hose, water hose, tank, lid with valve, brush, adapter, ejector, the degassing device with a diffuser (when working from exhaust gases or air hose, air ejector (when running on compressed air), cap, scraper, metal box, two canvas bags for packing and transportation kit, replacement parts, fasteners and accessories. In the box put the vessel with the components of the formulation. The disadvantages of the device are long-time translation of the device in operating position; tank formulation allows to process equipment with a total surface of 40 m2.

The technical result achieved by a device built for special processing (PSO)described in this application for the invention is the reduction of the time transfer device PSO in working position; the increase of surface to be treated (up to 150 m2); the improvement of stability of supply and quality of solution spray for; improving the efficiency WITH; the increase in performance; improving the reliability of operation of the device.

This technical result is achieved by placing equipment PSO, spare parts, tools is s, accessories (SPTA) in the container on the motor base chassis (ABS), use a liquid tank (100 l)to handle large appliances. Improvement of stability of supply and quality of spray formulations for CO is achieved by introducing into the device of the pneumatic diaphragm pump, electropneumatically device, including air piping, shut-off valve in the inlet system, the gearbox, solenoid valve, electric cables, system piping solution supply to the processing object. The presence of a pressure regulator in conjunction with a pneumatic diaphragm pump reduces the pressure fluctuations of the fluid at the output of the hoses, which increases stability. Increased efficiency is achieved WITH through the use of multiple motors, solenoid valves, providing different processing modes. Increase the performance and reliability of operation of the device is achieved including by increasing the number of output fittings on the ramp handout for feeding the working formulation.

The device PSO consists of: container (1); tank for special recipes (2), pneumatic diaphragm pump with pressure regulator (3); equipment electropneumatically, including air pipes (4), the stop-cock at the entrance of the system(5), reducer (6), the solenoid valve (7), electrical cables (8); the two-way valve (9); system pipeline feed solution (10); ramp handout (11) with the output fittings; control device (12); ZIP (13) (see drawing).

A container designed to be placed in the spatial structure of a closed type and is designed for placement and connection of all components of the device into a single functional system, placement of spare parts and auxiliary equipment, transportation, PSO on ABS (15).

Tank (2) is designed to accommodate working recipes, store them in working condition and issue when performing special processing in a pipeline system PUSO.

The device can operate as a built-tank), which is included in the hardware device and from the remote. External capacity equipment is not included.

The main element of the device PSO is a pneumatic diaphragm pump (3). As an energy source to pump uses the energy of compressed air of the pneumatic system of the base chassis. The use of compressed air does not require modification of the base chassis and the introduction of the special equipment, additional mechanisms for driving the pump from the box PTO base chassis of the car.

Electropneumatically device includes an airbag is e piping, the shut-off valve (5) on the input of the system, the gearbox (6), the solenoid valve (7), electric cables. The introduction of multiple regulators with solenoid valves that are configured on a different working fluid pressure, provides various processing modes depending on the type and degree of contamination of the object.

Pipeline supply special solutions (10) includes a two-way valve (9), pipelines feeding solution from the tank to the pump, from the pump to ramp transfer and flexible hoses from the ramp transfer to the hoses.

Ramp handout (11) with the output fittings designed for connection of hoses. The increase in the number of output fittings provides multi-channel flow of the operating recipe on ramp handout that helps to increase the performance and improve reliability of the device.

Remote control (12) provides a choice of operating modes of the device, an indication of the current status of all systems.

The principle of operation of the device PSO is as follows.

When turning on the switch "WORK", the control unit PU applies a voltage of +24 V for solenoid valve (7). The electromagnetic valve is opened, air pressure is supplied from the air receiver (14) (included in the pneumatic system of the vehicle) through the reduction gear (6) in the pneumatic system of the pump. Pneumatic diaphragm on the OS (3) is included, in the pipe system (4) an excessive pressure. When reaching the desired fluid pressure actuates the gear, maintaining at the entrance of pneumonias appropriate pressure. In a pipeline system is a special recipe for is under pressure corresponding to the operation mode of the device. After reaching the desired rail pressure handout (11) by opening the valve on the hose formulation is extruded through a flexible hose to a fire hose and nozzle is served on the workpiece surface. Flow and dispersion formulations, as well as the density of the aerosol-droplet flow, determined by the design of the nozzle. As the displacement formulation of the ramp handout (11) the pressure decreases when the pressure decreases to the lower limit (set by the adjustment of the gearbox) gearbox (6) increases the pressure of the air diaphragm pump is switched on and compensates for the pressure drop in the ramp.

The control system and the device provides multi-mode operation.

1. The device is built for decontamination, decontamination, disinfection, posted by car chassis base and consisting of a container in which is located a tank for liquid formulations, equipment, appliance, spare parts, tools, supplies, characterized in that the equipment item is the psi entered pneumatic diaphragm pump; equipment electropneumatically; the two-way valve; pipeline solution supply; ramp handout with a nozzle for feeding the working formulation to the object; a remote control device, the equipment electropneumatically includes air piping, shut-off valve in the inlet system, the gearbox, solenoid valve, electric cables, air ducts from the pneumatic motor of the base chassis through the receiver, solenoid valve, gearbox is connected to the pump, the solenoid valve is connected by an electric cable with remote control, the pump is connected by piping to the tank, ramp transfer using the two-way valve.

2. The device according to claim 1, in equipment which introduced several gearboxes, several electromagnetic valves.

3. The device according to claim 1, for dispensing ramp which has multiple nozzles for feeding the working formulation.



 

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