Method of facing with illuminated tiles
SUBSTANCE: system of tile facing comprises rear panels, at least with one electroconductive layer, two-pin plugs with ledges, which electrically contact with the conducting layer, and illuminated tiles with light diodes, which may be attached to the two-pin plug. To simplify tile facing, first tiles are installed with the possibility of facing with temporary tiles together with ordinary tiles, with further replacement with illuminated tiles.
EFFECT: simplified assembly of a facing system.
8 cl, 5 dwg
Region tachiki, the invention relates to
The present invention relates to a system cladding tiles, backlit, temporary tile for such a system and method of wall cladding tiles using this system cladding tiles with backlight.
The level of technology
WO 2007/112851 A1 discloses tile backlit containing organic LEDs in the housing. The locking elements on the rear side of the housing cooperate with corresponding locking elements, pre-mounted on the wall for connecting the organic light-emitting diode power supply. The problem with this approach is that the elements on the wall must be precisely positioned in advance.
On the basis of the prior art, the present invention is the creation of a system of cladding tiles, backlit, which is a simple and cost-effective relative to its production and/or installation.
This task is solved through a system of cladding tiles with illumination according to claim 1 and a method according to claim 7. Preferred embodiments of disclosed in the dependent claims.
System cladding tiles with illumination in accordance with the present invention contains the following elements:
a) at least odnopaznye panel, at least one electrically conductive layer covered on at least one side (electric) insulating material. As the name implies, the back panel is preferably a flat plate shape with a conductive layer parallel to the plane of the plate. Conductive layer preferably covers the entire area of the back panel, although it can optionally be limited to a certain part of space. It is usually made of metal, like copper, while the insulating material is usually plastic. In addition, the back panel preferably is sufficiently flexible to accommodate possible non-planar surface of the wall;
b) at least one plug electrical contact, which will be referred to as "contact plug", and with the tab, which can be carried out in the above-mentioned rear panel for electrical connection of the conductive layer mentioned the rear panel with the contact plug. In the most simple case, the protrusion may be a pin (like a nail), preferably, however, it has a composite structure containing insulating base material with built-in cables. Although the main purpose of the projection is to establish electrical contact with the conductive layer of the rear panel, it can is optionally mechanically attach the plug on the rear panel. If the rear panel contains more than one conductive layer, the protrusion can be made with the possibility of electrical connection of one, all or any subset of these layers with the corresponding contacts of the plug;
c) at least one tile with lights containing led as light source with at least one electric contact, which will later be called the "contact to the tile and which is electrically connected to the contact above the plug when the tile with lights attached to the plug. In this context, "electrical connection" by definition must be capable of transmitting power and/or signals.
Although the minimum number of each element (back panel, receptacle, tile backlit) is equal to one, the system will typically contain many of each.
The described system cladding tiles with backlight provides a very flexible and easy to use how to integrate tiles with backlight in normal facing wall tiles, because the back cover with its conductive layer (conductive layer) is providing power to large areas of the wall, at the option of across the wall. With this power you can contact at any desired location by means of just what about the passage of the receptacle system in the rear panel, moreover, this penetration can be done after the usual lining plates, i.e. when you know the exact location for the requested tile backlit. Mentioned tile backlit can then be connected with the plug, thus providing the desired lighting within the cladding plates.
System cladding tiles with light, preferably, further comprises a temporary tiles having similar dimensions as the tile backlit and/or tile backlit plus plug (but not containing functional elements). Temporary tile can be used as filler for tile backlit while facing the wall tiles. Therefore, the above-mentioned cladding tiles can be run as usual, i.e. without having to worry about (sensitive) tile backlit. At the completion of the cladding tiles temporary tile, you can replace the tiles with backlight.
To facilitate the above-mentioned temporary replacement tile tile backlit temporary tile may preferably have a surface that is adhesive with respect to this construction mortar for wall tiles, of cement or glue, as it is used for cladding tiles. Even if such temporary tile placed on the same binding material, which usually is haunted tiles, this will not prevent its further destruction. In addition, temporary tile may optionally contain a tool like the thorn, hook, notch or the like, which facilitate its capture by hand or with a tool.
The light source is an led that is built into the tile backlit, is, preferably, an organic led. OLEDs have, among other things, benefits that provide uniform light over a large area, which has a cold surface and changeable color.
The electrical connection between the contact plug and the contact tile, which provides transmission of power and/or signals from the conductive layer (conductive layers) rear panel to the light source may, for example, be achieved by direct electrical (physical) contact between these contacts. Alternatively, the contacts can be connected wirelessly. In the latter case, the contacts made in the form of (small) antennas or coils that emit and receive energy through electromagnetic waves. Wireless connection has the advantage that the contacts can be fully integrated in the insulation, which protects them from corrosion.
The main task of the plug is to be to the intact (contacts), which tile backlit can connect with a conductive layer (conductive layer) on the rear panel. Optionally, plug and tile with backlight may further comprise cooperating connecting elements for their mechanical connection. The connecting elements may, for example, be split type with fork part electrical connector, located on the tile with light, and with the female part of the electrical connector on the plug, or Vice versa. The mechanical connection of the tiles with lighting and plug facilitates the attachment of tiles with backlight regardless of the adhesive or mortar used to attach conventional tiles. In addition, such a connection is usually recyclable, i.e. a tile with backlight can be easily replaced, if necessary.
System cladding tiles with backlight may further optionally contain at least one connector for electrical connection of the respective conductive layers adjacent the rear panels. Thus, many of the rear panels can be placed side by side to close the area of the wall, which should be covered by tiles with the corresponding conductive layers adjacent the rear panel, under one and the same voltage.
The present invention additionally relates separately to the plug, the tile backlit and temporary tile, respectively, for a system facing tiles, backlit above-described type, since these elements can be manufactured and sold as an independent product.
In addition, the present invention relates to a method of cladding wall tiles using cladding tiles, backlit above-described type, which includes a temporary tile. It should be noted that the term "wall" should be understood in the context of the present invention in a more General sense, i.e. as denoting any area that needs to be tiled (e.g., floor, ceiling, vertical room wall and so on). The method includes the following steps:
a) attaching at least one rear panel cladding tiles, backlit against the wall. This attachment can be performed using appropriate methods, for example, by gluing or screw connection;
b) attaching a temporary tile to the back panel. This attachment can be performed mechanically directly on the rear panel and/or using plugs mentioned below. In addition, the attachment may be accomplished through temporary overlay tiles to build the capacity of the solution, cement or glue, with which are attached the usual tile;
c) attaching a conventional tiles (e.g. ceramic tiles) to the rear panel. This attachment of the usual tiles can be made before, during and/or after attachment of the temporary tile;
d) removing the temporary tile (50), and this removal is usually done after full insertion of the usual tiles, for example, after curing used mortar.
The term "normal tiles" includes all types of tiles are correct and incorrect forms, mosaic tiles or slabs, suitable for covering walls and/or rear panel.
These stages a)to d) can be performed in any possible sequence and/or in parallel. In particular, you may first coat the entire wall normal tiles, and then replace at least one of these tiles temporary tiles.
Thanks to the use of temporary tile as a placeholder, the described method allows the only way to oblitsevat tiles of the wall, as if you had used a regular tile. Only after performing this cladding tiles are inserted (sensitive) tile backlit in specified places by replacing the temporary tile them.
To complete the process of facing walls tiles you want, at least one of steps is supplemented flax fork system cladding tiles, backlit passed the rear panel so so that it is electrically in contact with at least one conductive layer of the rear panel. This penetration can be done before attaching the temporary tile to the rear panel (step c) or after its removal from the rear panel (step d). The first option has the advantage that the mortar or adhesive that may be present on the rear panel, which must be inserted plug is still soft.
After attaching the plug tile backlit can be secured in position plug, for example, by directly attaching it to the plug and/or to the appropriate rear panel.
These and other aspects of the present invention will become clear from the following options (options) and will be explained with reference to him (them). These options are implemented will be described as an example with the accompanying drawings.
Brief description of drawings
Figure 1 schematically depicts a view in section of a wall that is covered by the system cladding tiles with illumination in accordance with the present invention;
Figure 2 depicts a detail view in section of the plug and the underside of the tile lighting system of figure 1;
Figure 3 depicts the successive stages of the manufacturing system of the lip facing the kami in figure 1.
Description of embodiments
Such a reference position in the drawings refer to identical or similar elements.
Tiles and mosaic tiles, when they, for example, installed in bathrooms, provide excellent opportunities to include lighting systems, where the "mosaic" is by definition a symmetric or asymmetric pattern (usually small) plates. As light sources in this case can be used LEDs. Avoid features scatter radiation, it is preferable to use organic light-emitting diodes as light sources, which provide the following benefits:
- homogeneous light;
- a very small thickness;
- large area;
- easily adjustable brightness light;
- cold surface;
- the ability to change color;
different shapes (e.g., letters, symbols);
- variable view in the closed state.
When you try to mount the light sources in the facing tiles or mosaic tiles to face the following problems:
- pre-installation of light sources is virtually impossible, since it must be known the exact location, because the installation of tiles on one straight line is very important,
in addition, place tiles limited, so the wires cannot be placed behind the tiles. Bend grooves for wiring in the wall is also impractical because it is too difficult and too expensive
- hiding the wires in the joints between the tiles is disadvantageous, as the parts with wires can be seen after the application of cement mortar in the joints.
The above-mentioned problems, in most cases, additionally aggravated by the fact that the number of light sources is relatively large (typically more than 10 to 1 m2). Therefore, you have to deal with a large number of cables and will need a lot of space.
Figure 1 schematically depicts a view in the context of system 100 cladding tiles with illumination in accordance with the present invention which solves the aforementioned problems. System 100 cladding tiles with backlight contains three main elements.
As the first element it contains at least one rear panel 10. Rear panel 10 consists of (electro and the choice of sound and/or heat-insulating material 11, which cause two parallel conductive layers 12, 13. Usually the entire surface of the wall is closed such that the back panel 10 in a seamless way, in which respective conductive layers adjacent the rear panel 10 is electrically connected to the. This can be, for example, achieved by means of brackets 41, 42, as schematically shown in figure 1, or, preferably, by using some type of side connectors.
The thickness of the rear panel 10 preferably ranges from 10 to 50 mm, usually she has a thickness of 20 mm Square rear panels is typically several times larger than the area of conventional tiles, for example 1 m2. The rear panel 10 preferably have some flexibility to adapt to the contour of the wall.
As in the depicted example, the rear panel 10 will typically contain two conductive layers 12, 13, although it may also contain only one or more than two such layers. The rear panel of this type are commercially available (for example, SAITEC S.A., CHALLANS, FRANCE) and is described, for example, in FR 2718197 A1, FR 2712377 A1, DE 29810124 U1 or WO 94/03947 A2.
As the second element of the system 100 cladding tiles with backlight contains the plug 20, which may be inserted in any predetermined position in the rear panel 10 and which is intended to provide electrical contact with the conductive layers 12, 13. In the embodiment in figure 1 plug 20 has two tabs 21, 23, passing the rear panel 10, each of which is in contact with a different conductive layer. The tabs 21, 23 are connected by means of a strap 22, containing two facing outwards holes 24. Plug 20 obyknaviennaya plastic into which is inserted a metallic electrical leads in accordance with the necessity.
As the third element of the system 100 cladding tiles with backlight contains tile 30 backlit, which contains organic LEDs 31 mounted in the housing 34. On the rear side of the housing 34 two pins 32 protrude to the wall, which can be tightly inserted into the holes 24 of the plug 20 with a snug fit to attach tiles 30 with lights to the plug 20. As will be explained below, the pin 32 is additionally designed for electrical contact of the organic led 31 with the power source.
Tile 30 backlit additionally contains some circuit 33 with electric elements necessary to actuate the organic led. Thus, the circuit 33 may, for example, include a constant current source for a current transformer or a means for reducing the force of light.
Figure 1 additionally shows that the tile 30 with lights installed between ordinary tiles 2, which is attached using a mortar or the adhesive 3 to the rear panel 10. It should be noted that the wall 1 may be any surface that should be covered by tiles or mosaic tiles, for example (vertical) wall at the narrowest is thought, floor, ceiling, roof or object. When facing the mosaic tiles to the normal size tiles 2 and/or tiles 30 with backlight is about 2 cm × 2 cm
Figure 2 depicts in more detail the plug 20 and the corresponding lower part of the tile 30 with backlight. In this example, the plug 20 has two tabs 21, 23, which may be the rear panel. The two tabs 21, 23 contain electrical contacts 25, 26 at different heights, so that they will come into contact with different conductive layers 12, 13 of the rear panel 10 when they complete plug into it. The contacts 25 and 26, which may be rings on the outside of the projections 21 and 23, within electrically connected with the contacts of the plug" 27 and 28, respectively, located within the holes 24 on the outer side of the plug 20.
As already mentioned, the tiles 30 backlit contains the appropriate pins 32 on its lower side, which are inserted into the holes 24. The pins 32 contain contacts tile" 35, 36, which are in contact with the contacts 27, 28 of the plug when inserting the pins 32 into the holes 24 and the inside connected with organic led 31 and/or the circuit connected to it.
It should be noted that the specific shape and size of the plug 20 may be different from the version of the implementation shown in the drawings. T is thus, the plug may, for example, to have only one projection (two electrodes). In addition, the contacts 27, 28 and 35, 36 by the choice can be made (for example, in the form of spirals) for wireless transmission of energy and is mounted in an insulating material.
The back panel 10 is connected to a source 43 of the power supply, which should create the necessary voltage and current. He must, therefore, be regulated in accordance with the requirements of the lighting modules. Preferably, use a DC voltage. This voltage can also be used to reduce the light power of the light modules. Opportunities to reduce the forces of light are
- change the supply voltage, as described above,
- install one or more additional wiring,
- signal interference in the communication channel (RF-communication over power lines),
- wireless connection such as BLUETOOTH, radio frequency, etc.
Below, a preferred method of manufacturing cladding tiles in figure 1 will be described with reference to Figure 3.
In accordance with Figa first wall 1, you need to prepare before beginning the process of facing tiles. This training will end with a flat surface. On the prepared surface of the electroconductive paste of the rear panel 10, which will later pass current through the wall. All panels will be uedineny with connectors, embedded in the panels (preferably, as a side connectors).
After adhesive application, the next step, depicted in Fig.3b is the actual process of facing the usual tiles 2, including grouting. In locations where you need a light source, will be inserted temporary tile 50 as a placeholder, which is chemically inert to glue 3. Temporary tile 50 may, for example, be made of plastic with rubber (molded part) and/or wood. It is used to comply with the standard for facing tiles and then placing light sources.
Although the drawings suggest that the temporary tile 50 is inserted in its position instead of the usual tiles from the start, also you can fill this place a regular tile, then remove it and replace it with a temporary tile. The latter can in particular be used for the cladding mosaic tiles, wherein a set of tiles attached to the grid, in this case, it may be advantageous to first attach all set to the rear panel and then remove individual tiles from the grid and replace them with temporary tiles.
When tiles or mosaic tiles installed and the glue cured, can begin the next step, depicted in Figs. The temporal is e tile 50 is removed, and conductive plugs 20 (one or more organic led) placed in the wall where you want. These plug 20 are inserted like a bracket. They make electrical contact with the conductive layers in the back panel on its outer side and provide electrical and mechanical contact on its inner side.
It should be noted that in the alternative, the plug 20 can be inserted into the rear panel before attaching the temporary tile 50. This provides the advantage that the mortar or adhesive, which can be located on the rear panel, still soft and therefore is easy to pierce.
The last step is to install the tiles 30 with lights that use organic light-emitting diodes, plug 20 and thus establishing electrical contact with the conductive layers. The installation is now finished, and the power source and the triggering device 43 can be attached to the lighting installation. The decrease in the light intensity can be achieved by changing the voltage applied to the rear panel. Thus, the described method includes the following steps:
- install rear panels, including the installation of the power source;
- installation of mosaic tiles;
the removal of these tiles from p the provisions, which should be installed later light modules (or leaving these provisions free from the outset);
- installation of temporary tiles spent the glue can be removed;
the drying process;
- replacement of temporary tiles light modules;
- filling the grooves with liquid mortar.
The described system 100 cladding tiles with backlight provides the following benefits:
- it is flat;
- it is scalable;
- does not require separate wires for each light source;
the light sources can be placed anywhere, there are no problems with alignment;
- placement of light sources can be done after facing tiles;
- replacement of light sources is a light;
in the future, the solution is reliable in operation.
Of course, many possible modifications of the described embodiments, for example:
- back panel may contain a third (or more) conductive layer used for data transmission to increase the dynamics of the light sources;
- data transfer can also be performed via two conductive layers, as is known from other combinations of energy transfer/data used in the wires;
- data transfer can be carried out wirelessly;
- reduction of light power can be is provided by other means, for example, using pulse-width modulation or amplitude modulation;
- ability to change the color may be provided by data or by using separate wires in the rear.
Described organic light-emitting diodes with contact design can be used for normal lighting, decorative lighting, lighting of public places, indoor lighting, outdoor lighting, General lighting, create tiled areas, tiled objects, mosaics, etc.
Ultimately, it is indicated that in this application the term "comprising" does not exclude other elements or steps, singular does not exclude the many, and only the processor or other unit may fulfill the functions of several means. The present invention includes all the distinctive features and their combination. In addition, reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting its scope.
1. The system (100) facing tiles with light, contains
a) at least one rear panel (10) with at least one electrically conductive layer (12, 13), covered with insulating material (11);
b) at least one plug (20) with a contact (27, 28) of the plug and the guide (21, 23), which can be carried in the rear panel (10) for e is tricesimo connection conductive layer (12, 13) with the contact plug;
c) at least one tile (30) with lights containing LED (led) as a source (31) of the light with at least one contact (35, 36) tiles, which are electrically connected to contacts (27, 28) of the plug when attaching tiles with lights to the plug (20);
d) temporary tile (50)having similar dimensions as the tile (30) with backlight and/or tile (30) with lighting and plug (20).
2. The system (100) facing tiles with illumination according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains the temporary tile (50) with a surface that is adhesive with respect to this mortar, cement or glue for facing tiles.
3. The system (100) facing tiles with illumination according to claim 1, wherein the light source includes an OLED (organic led) (31).
4. The system (100) facing tiles with illumination according to claim 1, characterized in that the contacts (27, 28) of the plug and the contact (35, 36) tiles are in contact with each other, and/or they are connected wirelessly.
5. The system (100) facing tiles with illumination according to claim 1, characterized in that the plug (20) and the tile (30) backlit contain interactive connection elements (24, 32) for mechanical connection.
6. The system (100) facing tiles with illumination according to claim 1, the call is connected with the fact, the plug (20) contains at least two protrusions (21, 23), which can connect different conductive layers (12, 13) rear panel (10) with different contacts (27, 28) of the plug.
7. The way of facing walls (1) tiles using the system (100) facing tiles with illumination according to claim 1, containing the following steps:
a) attaching at least one rear panel (10) to the wall;
b) attaching a temporary tile (50) to the rear panel (10);
c) attaching a conventional tiles (2) to the rear panel (10);
d) removing the temporary tile (50).
8. The method according to claim 7, characterized in that at least one plug (20) is held in the rear panel (10) before step b) and/or after step d).
SUBSTANCE: method to install heat insulating panels includes assembly of adjacent panels by arrangement of panels onto a facade surface, connection of adjacent panels, at least one side of every of which comprises alternately arranged ledges and grooves so that ledges of one panel are applied onto grooves of the other panel, and fixation of panels onto the facade surface, besides, adjacent panels are joined, at least one side of every of which comprises an end ledge arranged practically along the entire length, so that panels are applied with ledges one over the other.
EFFECT: simplified process for installation of heat insulation panels, increased heat insulation of a facade, higher reliability and durability of facade finishing, apart from high aesthetic characteristics of a facade.
11 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: building base facing is arranged in the form of shaped relief panels with thickness of 2-4 mm from a polymer material - polypropylene, serially installed along the base length and joined to each other by ledges and slots available at their end sides by means of latches. At the angles of the base the panels are connected with angular double-faced panels, connected at the inner side with an angular frame, arranged in the form of a double-sided rod truss with braces forming flat triangular structures with runs, and fixed to the inner surface of the double-faced panels. At the top of the double-faced angle the angular panels along their entire height are arranged as rectilinear, and the value of ledges on panels relief exceeds thickness of relief panel material. Connection of the rod truss with panels is arranged in the form of elastic latches arranged pairwise in its end parts and in the middle part.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase rigidity of facing and its deformation resistance to operational loads, especially in case of pressure drops.
2 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: set for fixation of a vertical bearing profile of a suspended facade system comprises upper and lower units of fixation, every of which includes a support part fixed motionlessly on the faced surface and a cantilever stand fixed with it. The vertical bearing profile is fixed on the free end of the stand. In the upper unit of fixation the support part and the vertical bearing profile are connected with the cantilever stand as fixed. The cantilever stand of the lower fixation unit is connected with the support part and the vertical bearing profile hingedly as capable of rotation relative to them.
EFFECT: invention will make it possible to compensate linear deformations of vertical bearing profiles of a suspended facade system.
SUBSTANCE: device for facades to install sheet elements, preferably multiple glass panes, comprising a retaining element and a fixing element, besides, the device has the first position, in which the device makes it possible to place the specified sheet elements into the required position, and the second position, in which the device presses at least a part of the specified sheet element. The device comprises a braking element arranged as capable of preventing displacement of the fixing element relative to the retaining element in the first position, besides, the fixing element is arranged as capable of displacement into the second position by application of an external force.
EFFECT: easier installation of multiple glass panes.
11 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method to erect structures includes making the main skeleton frame of the structure, a lining net, transparent and opaque mosaics, sealing cords. The net is installed on the frame, ventilation holes are made in the net, as well as openings for windows and doors, cells of the lining net are filled with mosaics, installing transparent mosaics in those areas, where a view is required, and in other areas - a non-transparent one with the selected colour mosaic pattern, sealing cords are installed. The device comprises a net made of a wire rigidly connected in points of contact, and mosaics has locks for fixation on the net and slots for installation of a sealing cord.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to simplify assembly of a structure due to the improved technology of structure elements manufacturing.
2 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: facade system (1) with an air gap for fixation of fine-sized facing boards comprises at least two guides (2), fixed on appropriate brackets installed on a bearing base; at least two horizontal shapes (3) of "П"-shaped section with two supports (4 and 5) to fix the top (4) and bottom (5) of appropriate fine-sized facing boards (6); fine-sized facing boards (6), containing grooves (7 and 8) on their upper and lower ends for installation into appropriate specified shapes (3); at least one tape (10) for its installation into specified grooves of facing boards; and a cement-containing composition (9), having hydraulic insulation properties.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to reduce weight, develop a ventilated gap, reduce cost and increase heat and hydraulic insulation properties of a building with preservation of appearance of brickwork.
14 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: set for dry installation of facing tiles includes at least one substrate, the first side of which contacts with a substance (F), and the second one - at least with one facing tile (R). Strip liners are arranged along the perimeter of facing tiles (R), which fill gaps between neighbouring tiles. Angle elements level liners relative to each other, fixing them along the perimetre of the appropriate facing tile.
EFFECT: reduced labour inputs in installation of facing tiles.
61 cl, 30 dwg
SUBSTANCE: facade hinged ventilated enclosure of buildings includes facade boards, thermal and hydraulic insulation protection and bearing elements of enclosure pulled without a gap through the thermal and hydraulic insulation protection and made in the form of anchor rods arranged in vertical rows. Anchor rods are screwed through dowels into a building wall and has fixing elements at free ends, providing for installation and fixation of boards. In order to increase reliability of facade boards fixation, to make it possible to line multi-storey buildings and to increase barrier drift by increasing stiffness of bearing elements, anchors of vertical rows are connected to each other by means of traction rods so that traction rods with anchors create vertical power structures. Upper free ends of traction rods are fixed to an enclosed building wall.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase reliability of facade enclosure fixation and to reduce labour intensiveness of performed works.
5 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method includes arrangement of a panel on a heat insulated surface of a building, its positioning relative the heat insulated surface of the building with the help of the device for positioning suspended heat insulated panels and fixation of the panel on the building surface. The device for positioning comprises a guide part in the form of a bushing with an internal thread, stiffly joined with the panel body, and a support part in the form of a screw with an external thread joined with it by a threaded joint. One end of the screw contacts with the heat insulated surface of the building and engages with it, and the second one has the shape suitable for engagement with a tool for screw rotation. The screw is made with the possibility to arrange an additional fixing element in it to fix a suspended panel to the facade. The panel comprises a process hole, arranged with the possibility of provision of tool insertion for rotation of a screw. After additional positioning of the panel position the cavity between the panel and the heat insulated surface of the building and the process hole in the panel are filled with a foam filler.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to ensure easy and reliable assembly of suspended heat insulation panels on the heat insulated surface with compensation of its irregularities, and also adjustment of position of the installed panels without necessity of their dismantling.
9 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: in the building structure with tile facing the facing is made of tiles attached to the surface of the structure via a connecting layer of a hardened adhesive mixture, which increases the tiles strength. Tiles are made as having a facing layer with a shell having a bending strength, equal to the thickness of the facing layer and height corresponding to the thickness of the layer for filling with the adhesive mixture. The facing layer with the area F is made as a whole with boards by stamping from a metal sheet or a metal-based laminate, and the metal thickness in the facing layer and the height of the boards is taken depending on the tile size.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase durability and resistance of tiles, to reduce consumption of material to form the main protective metal or metal-containing layer.
FIELD: building units, particularly coverings or linings for buildings with vented facades.
SUBSTANCE: device has support profile connected to wall to be covered, intermediate member cooperating with support profile and bearing member having U-shaped profile. U-shaped profile shoulder is connected to intermediate member surface. Free ends of U-shaped profile have projections extending at 90° from sides thereof. There is a gap for opposite panel edges installation formed between inner surface of each projection and intermediate member surface. Shoulder of U-shaped profile is provided with tong embedded in window formed on intermediate member. Tong is folded relative one side of U-shaped profile for 90° angle. Tong length exceeds that of projection extending in the same direction. Tong has through orifice for securing member insertion. Orifice mates to through orifice made in intermediate member. Shoulder of U-shaped profile has zigzag area formed in tong direction. Each bend of zigzag area has angle of not more than 90°. Distance d between bend apex adjoining side of bearing member opposite to tong and inner tong surface corresponds to intermediate member thickness. Intermediate member window width and length exceed tong thickness and width by 1 - 2 mm.
EFFECT: improved service conditions, simplified mounting, reduced material consumption and increased reliability of panel securing.
4 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: building units, particularly to protect buildings and structures and for wall covering.
SUBSTANCE: covering includes a number of finish tiles secured to surface to be covered by fastening strips having bearing hooks and securing hooks uniformly distributed along strip length. Bearing hooks have fasteners directed towards surface to be covered. Securing hooks include fasteners oriented in opposite direction relative fasteners of bearing hooks. Each tile has two longitudinal grooves formed on two joining surfaces. One groove has cross-section mating to bearing hook fastener, another one is located on opposite joining surface and has cross-section corresponding to securing hook fastener. Fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent out of strip hooks at 30°-40° during their forming. Joining surfaces of each tile are arranged on upper and lower tile ends. Longitudinal groove cooperating with bearing hook fastener is formed on lower tile end. Longitudinal groove of joining surface contacts with securing hook fastener formed on upper tile end. Each pair including bearing and securing hooks is made as a single plate. Method of covering securing involves rigidly connecting fastening strips to surface to be covered, seriously connecting finish tiles to rows of bearing hooks of two adjacent fastening strips; mating joining surfaces of each tile fasteners of bearing and securing hooks, wherein fasteners of adjacent securing hooks used for one tile installation are bent at 30°-40° outwards. Tiles are secured in down-top direction. Each tile is placed on fasteners of lower row of adjacent bearing hooks of two adjacent strips by lower tile end and secured by upper end thereof. Fasteners are bent above row of adjacent fixing hooks in direction towards longitudinal strip axis up to bringing fastener into contact with longitudinal groove of joining surface on upper tile end.
EFFECT: increased accuracy and reliability of covering fixation, improved structural integrity.
2 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly for new building construction and existent ones repair and reconstruction.
SUBSTANCE: facade enclosure is composed of single blocks. Each block comprises frame with fastening members and inner lining. Inner lining and facade facing define sealed cavity with the use of sealing material. The sealed cavity communicates with atmosphere through channel and is provided with at least one heat-insulation screen and at least two heat-insulation layers. The blocks are connected to the building by supports rigidly secured to building frame by the first ends thereof. The second support ends are connected to blocks.
EFFECT: increased air-tightness and reliability of facade enclosure.
21 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.
SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises a number of support units, load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members and fastening members. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each hanging member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing profile. At least one orifice grouping for hanging member connection to load-bearing profile and one orifice grouping for load-bearing profile connection to support unit are created on bottom part of load-bearing profile. Each orifice grouping includes at least three elongated orifices. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile and the orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing profile. Distance between orifice groupings is not less than 40 mm. Larger axes of U-shaped member orifices define closed polygon outlining cross-sectional stability area.
EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging, reduced labor inputs and costs of set unit and facing panel assemblage due to reduced technological operations necessary for facing panels finishing during assemblage, extended range of facing panel fastener adjustment and increased resistance to transversal load action.
14 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: industrial and civil building, particularly to attach facing panels used for wall protection against climatic and atmospheric action and to improve building appearance.
SUBSTANCE: fastening set comprises load-bearing U-shaped profiles, hanging members, fastening members and a number of support units. Each support unit is made as telescopically connected holder and sliding insert with end plate. The holder has support plate formed at free end of holder shoulder and adapted to connect the holder to building wall. The end plate of the sliding insert is adapted for load-bearing profile connection. Each load-bearing member is provided with mounting orifices to secure thereof to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Bottom part of load-bearing U-shaped profile is provided with at least three elongated orifices for load-bearing profile connection to support unit and for hanging member connection to load-bearing U-shaped profile. Number of orifices formed in end plate and hanging member is equal to that made in load-bearing U-shaped profile. Orifices in end plate, hanging member and load-bearing U-shaped profile are similar in shape. Load-bearing U-shaped profile orifices have major axes crossing each other during U-shaped profile connection to the support unit and hanging member fastening to load-bearing U-shaped profile.
EFFECT: increased load-bearing capacity, possibility to use any panel materials for building facing without substantial structure debugging.
5 cl, 8 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings.
SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises parallel carrying profiles each formed of metal or polymeric material by extrusion operation or by sheet material bending. Each profile has hollow post. Orifices to connect carrying profiles to bearing structure are formed in carrying profile base. The carrying profile base also has clamp. Opposite side of the base is defined by partitions having free ends creating gap along carrying profile of the second post. Partitions are located between carrying profile posts and extend transversely to the posts. The partitions are made as posts of carrying profile having H-shaped cross-section and located between the posts. Posts of H-shaped carrying profile are defined by flanges and post of thrust profiles having U-shaped cross sections connecting the flanges. The thrust profiles face cladding panels by opened cavities thereof. Free end of each flange defined by thrust profile cross-section is bent inside the cavity so that acute angle is created in-between. Extensions of longitudinal mounting profile ridges are arranged between trust profile bends. The mounting profile has longitudinal extensions. Mounting profile strip touches free end of each mounting profile flange at bends. Longitudinal extension of face side ribs are directed one towards another. Adjacent cladding panels create cladding panel fixing profile at joint between grooves thereof in which longitudinal mounting profile rib extension are inserted.
EFFECT: simplified facing structure, increased manufacturability, reduced labor inputs for facing structure assemblage, prevention of panels to be connected misalignment.
10 cl, 9 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly coverings or linings for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.
SUBSTANCE: support panel has rectangular shape and is provided with four fastening members arranged on inner surface thereof. The fastening members are made as mounting hooks formed so that distance between inner panel surface and hook end L is equal to heat insulation layer thickness H. Horizontal and vertical distances between the hooks correspond to distance between ears connected to load-bearing structure of building.
EFFECT: simplified structure and assembly operation.
FIELD: construction engineering.
SUBSTANCE: method and device can be used for external system of heat protection (ventilated facades) and it is intended for forming external wall enclosures with increased thermo-technical characteristics. Method includes preliminary mounting of window modules a t construction site, height of modules doesn't exceed three floors; window modules are built in form of frame carcasses. Window modules are mounted in form of frame carcass of design architectural window opening. Then vertical beacons are mounted later along line of designed joints of wall enclosures, while taking compensation spaces in mentioned joints into account, and along line of side slopes of designed window openings. Openings disposed in relation to vertical beacons are marked and drilled in coverings for making fixing units; fixing units are mounted in pairs and tied together preliminary by threaded pins through openings in support paws of units and openings in coverings. Pullout console are removed outside contours of coverings. Separate posts and window modules are mounted in fixing units due to bringing openings in embrace fork of fixing unit with corresponding oval openings at ends of separate posts and posts of window modules and they are fastened by threaded connection. Compensation spaces are provided at edges of posts at level of coverings b subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift. Plane of façade is graded due to subjecting separate posts and window modules to shift at direction being perpendicular to plane of façade. Designed joints of wall enclosures and side slopes of designed architectural window openings relatively vertical beacons are checked through horizontal shift of separate posts and window modules. Fixing units are coupled finally by means of thread pins through additional fixing openings inside their carrier consoles and through preliminary drilled openings in coverings. Horizontal beacons are installed on line of top and low slides of designed architectural window openings. Reliability of horizontal tying of window openings is inspected due to sifting horizontal cross stapling along posts of window modules. Window units are installed inside designed architectural window openings and inter-level wall enclosures are formed by fixing sandwich-type panels to back sides of separate posts and posts of window modules due to L-shaped fixing elements and self-tapping screws. Then inter-level gaps among wall enclosures are made habitable to winter due to fixing warm-keeping stuff by plate dowels to coverings at side of faced; then members for fixing facing are mounted. Device for realization of the method is also described.
EFFECT: quicker mounting and dismounting of wall enclosures; higher efficiency of warming.
7 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: construction, particularly for tile laying on wall enclosures, namely on vented facades, to create relief architecture compositions (architectural orders) arranged in single plane.
SUBSTANCE: facing structure comprises the first facing tile set including tiles having flat interior surfaces, which define common facade plane. Facing structure includes horizontal profiles fastened to vertical ones and connection members, which are secured to vertical profiles and provide visible or concealed facing tile connection. The connection members fix upper, lower tile parts or two adjacent tiles. Facing structure also comprises support flanges of tile edge fastening members. Tile edge fastening members adapted for concealed tile fastening are to be inserted in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The facing structure additionally has arch module projecting out of common building facade plane. The arch module is preliminarily assembled at building site and retained over arch formed in building wall by means of anchoring bolts passing through orifices of the supports. The facing structure also has the second tile set including tiles projecting out of common facade plane and having different cross-sections. Edges of the second tiles are supported by support flanges, which provide visible or concealed tile connection and have similar grooves adapted to receive wings of fastening members for concealed tile fastening. Arch module including facing tiles, connection members for visible or concealed tile connection, which secure lower tile parts and two adjacent tiles, and support flanges for tile edge fixation. The support flanges, which provide concealed tile fastening pass in corresponding grooves made in tile edges. The arch module is made as frame including holders with box-like cross-sections and connected one with another by means of stiffening components. The holders have support for holder connection to wall. At least two members to secure lower tile parts and at least one member to retain two adjacent tiles are fastened to facial holder sides and define pockets for radially formed tiles receiving made in exterior frame part between the holders. Members for lower tile part fixation extend along longitudinal holder axes. Members for simultaneous fastening of two adjacent tiles are transversal to longitudinal holder axes.
EFFECT: possibility to change appearance of buildings including ones having arch openings.
5 cl, 21 dwg
FIELD: construction, particularly coverings or linings, for instance, for walls or ceilings composed of a number of similar elements.
SUBSTANCE: composite bracket comprises holder connected to building wall and provided with longitudinal guiders. The holder is adapted to fix reinforcing member from building wall side. The reinforcing member is made as box with flanges having rounded ends and extending vertically upwards and downwards with respect to the holder. Oval orifices are made in upper and lower parts of box wall. Oval orifices have major axes extending in horizontal plane. Box is provided with sub-stamping located in area of box joining with holder. The sub-stamping extends for holder end wall thickness and provides close fitting of outer box wall and outer holder end surface to building wall.
EFFECT: increased strength, reliability, air-tightness and rigidity of hanged panel connection to building wall.