Vehicle storage battery mount

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to setup of storage batteries mounted at the vehicle. Storage battery mount comprises first set of storage batteries and second set of storage batteries. First set of storage batteries comprises multiple storage batteries arranged in vertical stack. Second set of storage batteries comprises multiple storage batteries arranged across the vehicle.

EFFECT: optimum weight balance.

17 cl, 10 dwg

 

The technical FIELD

This invention relates to the layout of the battery installed on the vehicle.

The LEVEL of TECHNOLOGY

In Japan patent No. 3199296 issued by the Japan Patent office in 2001 discloses the placement of a variety of rechargeable batteries side by side under the floor panel of the vehicle in order to install more batteries on the vehicle.

Rechargeable batteries arranged side by side on a horizontal plane in the transverse direction of the vehicle and in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle to form a group of batteries. The center of gravity of the group of batteries is located near the point of intersection of the middle line of the group of batteries in the transverse direction of the vehicle and the center line in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle.

The INVENTION

In this prior art, heavy components such as the motor and the inverter, for driving the vehicle is installed in the front compartment of the vehicle.

Accordingly, the center of gravity of the overall vehicle, includes rechargeable batteries and heavy components, tends offset of the change to the front compartment of the vehicle. According to the prior art, it is difficult to achieve the preferred weight centering the vehicle in the longitudinal direction.

Therefore, the objective of this invention is the implementation of the preferred weight centering the vehicle in the longitudinal direction through the layout of the batteries.

To solve this problem, this invention provides a design for installation of storage batteries of the vehicle for mounting a variety of batteries under the floor panel of the vehicle containing the first block of storage batteries, containing many rechargeable batteries, laid foot in the transverse direction of the vehicle.

Details, as well as other features and advantages of this invention are outlined in the remaining part of the description of the invention and shown in the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION of DRAWINGS

Figure 1 is a view in longitudinal section of the essential parts of a vehicle, showing the design for the installation of storage batteries of the vehicle according to this invention;

Figure 2 is a view in horizontal section of essential parts of a vehicle, showing the design for the installation of storage batteries of the vehicle;

<> Figure 3 is a view in cross section showing essential parts of a vehicle, taken along the line III-III of figure 2;

4 is a top view of the Assembly of the rechargeable battery according to this invention;

5 is a perspective view of an Assembly of storage batteries;

6 is a perspective view of the mounting frame rechargeable battery according to this invention;

7 is a exploded view in perspective of vertical feet of the batteries according to the invention during the sequence of operations of stacking batteries;

Fig - exploded view in perspective of the cross-foot battery according to the invention during the sequence of operations of stacking batteries;

Fig.9 is a perspective view of a housing, which accommodates the Assembly of the rechargeable battery; and

Figure 10 is an electrical schematic diagram of the Assembly of battery packs.

DESCRIPTION of the PREFERRED embodiments of the INVENTION

As shown in figure 1, the vehicle 1 includes a passenger compartment 2 and the front section 11 is provided ahead of the passenger compartment 2. Arrow UP on the drawing points vertically upwards, and the arrow FR in the drawings indicates forward relative to the direction of movement of the vehicle 1. The vehicle 1 is the one who called the electric vehicle, which moves under the driving force of the motor 12, is placed in the front compartment 11. The vehicle may be a vehicle with hybrid drive, which moves under the driving force generated by the motor, and the driving force produced by the internal combustion engine or a vehicle powered by fuel cells, which moves under the driving force generated by the electric motor, which is energized by the electric power generated by the fuel elements.

For excitation of the motor 12, many of the batteries 3 are arranged in the space under the floor of the passenger compartment 2 of the vehicle 1.

According to Figure 2 and 3, a pair of parallel side elements 4 designs, passing in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle, is provided under the floor panel 16, which forms the floor of passenger compartment 2 of the vehicle 1. Arrow WD in the drawings indicates the right in the transverse direction of the vehicle when it is facing forward relative to the direction of movement of the vehicle 1. The front ends of the pair of side elements 4 designs are fastened to the transverse element 6 designs, passing in the transverse direction of the vehicle 1. A pair of rear side is o elements 9 design is attached to the rear ends of the pair of side elements 4 designs. The rear ends of the pair of side elements 9 structure attached to the rear transverse element 10 of the construction taking place in the transverse direction of the vehicle from the vehicle 1.

Both ends of the transverse element 6 design and both ends of the rear cross member 10 of the structure are attached to the side threshold 7, which limits the lower edge of the doorway to the employee as part of the body of the vehicle. A pair of side elements 4 design is located on the inside side of the threshold is 7, and each of the side elements 4 designs attached to the side threshold 7 three of the bracket 8. Figure 2 and 3, the part denoted by the reference position 7 corresponds to the inner surface of the side wall of the threshold 7. Items 4, 6, 9 and 10 designs are front floor panel 16 as part of the body of the vehicle.

Again with reference to Figure 1, the motor 12 that serves as the source of driving force for movement of the vehicle, and the charging device 13 of the battery and the inverter 14, serving as associated devices placed in the front compartment 11 of the vehicle 1. The charger 13 battery is a device for charging rechargeable batteries 3. Inverter 14 is a device to control the population by charge/discharge of the batteries 3. In the following description, the electric motor 12 and associated devices will be indicated by reference as a whole as electrical equipment.

As shown in Figure 4 and 5, a battery 3 in advance laid foot as the Assembly 22 of the batteries on the inner side of the mounting frame 21 of a battery, having a rectangular flat shape. Assembly 22 battery then placed in a space surrounded by a pair of side elements 4 designs, the transverse element 6 design, a pair of rear side elements 9 design and rear transverse element 10 designs from the underside.

According to Fig.6, the mounting frame 21 battery includes a rectangular frame 23 and the reinforcing element 24 of the structure, which is arranged in a rectangular frame 23.

The rectangular frame 23 includes a front edge element 23f design, the rear edge element 23r design and a pair of lateral edge elements 23s design, which connect both ends of the front edge of the element 23f design and both ends of the rear edge of the element 23r design. Front edging element 23f design, the rear edge element 23r design and a pair of lateral edge elements 23s design form four sides of the rectangle. It should be noted that Ter is ins "anteroposterior" or "front end/back end" in the description of the Assembly 22 batteries mean anteroposterior and front end/back end in the state, when the Assembly 22 of the batteries attached to the body of the vehicle.

Each of the front edge elements 23f design, the rear edge elements 23r design and a pair of lateral edge elements 23s design made part of the vertical wall 28, thereby providing elements 23f, 23r and 23s design of the inverted T-shaped cross-section.

Reinforcing element 24 design contains a crossbar 24w, mounted in a rectangular frame 23 in the transverse direction of the vehicle, and a cross member 24C connecting the middle portion of the crossbar 24w and the middle part of the front edge of the element 23f design. Reinforcing element 24 design pre-integrated in the mounting frame 21 battery welding beams 24w and cross 24C in the T-shaped profile and welding each end of the resulting T-shaped structural member to the rectangular frame 23.

According to the above configuration, the inner space of the mounting frame 21 of the battery is divided into the front rectangular area in front of the crossbar 24w and rear rectangular region 26R behind her. Front rectangular area is additionally divided into two front rectangular region 26F, 26F cross member 24C. The total area of the front two rectangular areas is her 26F, 26F is essentially the same as the rear area of the rectangular region 26R. The flat shape of these rectangular regions 26F, 26F, 26R are designed, from the condition to the longest side of the rectangle was equal to essentially double the size of the short side of the rectangle.

As shown in Fig.7, each rechargeable battery 3 given the shape of a flat cuboid. Battery 3 laid foot in the direction of the shortest edges of the three dimensions of the edges of the cuboid. In the following description, the other two edges of the cuboid are indicated by reference as a long edge and a short edge, depending on the size of the faces of the cuboid.

In front two rectangular regions 26F, 26F, batteries 3 are stacked foot in the vertical direction in a state where the long edge of the battery 3 is oriented in the transverse direction of the vehicle, and the short edge of the battery 3 is oriented in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle. In each of the front rectangular regions 26F, four feet of the batteries 3 are arranged in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle. The number of stacked foot battery 3 is not constant. In most of the front two feet in area 26F, four rechargeable batteries 3 are stacked foot each foot along with the fact that in most over them two feet in area 26F, two rechargeable batteries 3 are stacked a foot in each foot. Thus, twelve batteries laid foot in each of the rectangular regions 26F, 26F.

Each foot in front of the rectangular regions 26F, 26F, batteries 3 are stacked foot through spacers 37b and stripe-shaped plate 37A. Spacer 37b is a design element that contains columnar structural member and a portion of large diameter formed in the middle of the columnar structural member through a ledge on each side. Through holes formed in advance through the four corners of the battery 3 so as to accommodate the columnar portion of the spacers 37b. Through holes are also formed in a stripe-shaped plates 37A.

When the batteries 3 are stacked foot, one of the columnar portions of the spacers 37b is inserted into the through hole of the battery 3 after passing through the through hole stripe-shaped plate 37a and the other columnar portion of the spacers 37b is inserted into the through hole of the neighboring rechargeable battery 3 after passing through the through hole of another stripe-shaped plate 37a. Thus, the portion of large diameter spacers 37b is clamped between the two batteries 3 through the stripe-shaped plates 37a, of the conditions to keep constant the authorized clearance laying batteries. Stripe-shaped plate 37a and the spacer 37 C, containing columnar element and part of a large diameter formed on the end of the columnar part through the ledge, attached to the top of the battery 3 and the lower the battery 3.

Although it is not shown in the drawings, a through hole formed in advance in the axial direction in each of the spacers 37b and 37c. After laying foot predefined number of battery 3, through the through holes of the spacers 37b and 37c enter the stud and screw the nut on each end of the studs. Rechargeable battery 3, and thus form a stop batteries.

As shown in figure 4, the space G is provided between the feet in one of the front rectangular regions 26F, 26F and feet in the other of the front rectangular regions 26F, 26F. The space G is located above the cross member 24c and the area adjacent to the cross member 24. Battery 3 laid foot in front of the rectangular regions 26F, 26F, from the condition that the terminal 3a of each of the battery 3 is performed in the space G. the Terminals 3A battery 3, the harness wires 34 which electrically connects the terminals 3A and electrical equipment in the front compartment 11, and the junction box 35 and the junction box 36 installed between the components burn the wires and 34, placed in the space G.

According Pig, twenty-four rechargeable batteries 3 are stacked on the foot in the transverse direction of the vehicle at the rear of the rectangular region 26R in the state where the long edge of the battery 3 is oriented in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle. Batteries 3 are stacked foot with constant gaps through spacers 37b, of the conditions to the terminals 3A forward. End plate e placed on each side of the foot.

Although it is not shown in the drawings, a through hole formed in advance in the axial direction in each of the spacers 37b. After laying foot predefined number of batteries 3, the stud is induced to penetrate the through holes of the spacers 37b, and a nut screwed on each end of the studs. Rechargeable battery 3, and thus form a stop batteries.

Support plate 37d, passing in the transverse direction of the vehicle, is attached to the front side surface and back side surface of the foot screws 37f. Only one stop, so constructed, is provided at the rear of the rectangular region 26R.

As shown in Figure 5 according to the above arrangement of the batteries 3, group S1 battery 3, aderasa the two feet of four batteries 3, laid foot in the vertical direction, and the group S2 of the batteries 3, containing two feet of the two batteries 3 laid foot in the vertical direction, is provided in each of the two front rectangular regions 26F, 26F in the mounting frame 21 of the battery. The group S3 of the batteries 3, containing twenty-four rechargeable battery 3, laid foot in the transverse direction of the vehicle, is provided at the rear of the rectangular region 26R in the mounting frame 21 of the battery. With regard to the direction of stacking foot, groups S1 and S2 constitute the first block 38F batteries, which is a set of stacked vertical foot of batteries 3, along with the fact that the group S3 is the second block 38R batteries, which is a set of stacked cross-foot battery 3.

According to Figure 3 and 9, the housing 22a is attached to the mounting frame 21 of a battery, in order to accommodate the Assembly 22 batteries.

Foot battery 3 is fastened to the housing 22a, for example, screws. You can also use the flange portion 29, passing inward from the portion 28 of the vertical wall, for locking the stop. The housing 22a in advance given profile shape, adapted for Assembly 22 of the battery BA is Arey, in order to protect the foot from moving in the transverse, longitudinal and vertical directions. It is preferable to form the opening or openings in the bottom of the casing 22a to increase the cooling capacity of the batteries 3. The shape and number of openings can be defined arbitrarily.

As shown in Fig, preferably block 45, for example, composed of a microcomputer to control the devices in the junction box 36 in the housing 22a on one side of one end plate 37e.

Here, the mounting frame 21 batteries, building 22a, foot batteries 3, harness wires 34, the junction box 35, box 36 and the block 45 management make up the Assembly 22 batteries.

As shown in Figure 1-4, the mounting frame 21 of the batteries attached to the transverse element 6 design, a pair of side elements 4 designs, a pair of rear side elements 9 design and rear transverse element 10 designs with the use of bolts penetrating the flange portion 29, which passes outward from part of the vertical wall 28, and nuts screwed on the bolts. In the docked state, the portion of the vertical wall 28 of the front edge of the element 23f design is converted to transverse element 6 structures-part 28 is slight pressure from the beginning of the wall of the rear edge of the element 23r design is facing to the rear transverse element 10 designs, as part of the vertical wall 28 of the pair of lateral edge elements 23s is turned to the side elements 4 and part of the rear pair of side elements 9 designs, respectively. In materials of this application, a pair of side elements 4 designs, the transverse element 6 design, a pair of rear elements 9 design and rear transverse element 10 designs are stationary structural member for attaching the mounting frame 21 battery to the body of the vehicle.

The mounting frame 21 of the batteries attached to a stationary element, increases the stiffness and strength of the body of the vehicle. The rectangular frame 23 and the reinforcing element 24 design function as transfer site loads during a collision of the vehicles.

Aiming down the aperture 30, as shown in figure 3, formed in the body of the vehicle by a pair of side elements 4 designs, the transverse element 6 design, a pair of rear side elements 9 design and rear transverse element 10 designs that are stationary structural member. The space above the opening 30 is covered with the floor panel 16, thus forming the accommodating recess 31 for receiving Assembly 22 batteries.

Install the Assembly 22, the battery is ornago battery on the body of the vehicle is performed by the insert Assembly 22 of the batteries in the accommodating recess 31 on the underside of the vehicle body and the fastening of the mounting frame 21 battery to a stationary structural member using bolts and nuts. By early associations a number of batteries 3 in the Assembly 22 batteries, battery 2 to the vehicle 1 can be easily performed. Rechargeable battery 3, thus placed on the vehicle 1 can easily be removed for replacement.

As shown in figure 1, the vehicle 1 includes a front seat 32F and the rear seat 32R in the passenger compartment 2. The shape and size of the Assembly 22 batteries, shape and size of the batteries 3 and the location of the fixed element is predetermined, from the condition that the group S1 battery 3 was located essentially under the front seat 32F, group S2 battery was located under the floor 33 between the front seat 32F and the rear seat 32R, and the group S3 of the batteries 3 was located under the rear seat 32R in the state where Assembly 22 of the batteries placed in the accommodating recess 31. In addition, the shape of the floor panel 16 and the housing 22a predefined form-based Assembly 22 batteries.

Provided that the height of the group S1 battery 3 is h1, the height of the group S2 of the batteries 3 is h2, and the height of the group S3 battery is atornic battery 3 is h3, supported the ratio h3>h1>h2. The heights h1 and h2 are common to the right of the rectangular area 26F and left rectangular region 26F.

Group S1 battery 3 is located under the front seat 32F, and the group S3 of the batteries 3 is located under the rear seat 32R. By setting the height h1 of the group S1 rechargeable battery 3 and the height h3 of the group S3 of the batteries 3 to be greater than the height h2 of the group S2 of the batteries 3, the space under the seat 32F and 32R in the passenger compartment 2 can be effectively used to install the rechargeable battery 3, and a large number of batteries 3 can be mounted on the vehicle 1 without damaging the convenience of passenger compartment 2. Since the height h3 of the group S3 of the batteries 3 is higher than the height h1 of the group S1 battery 3, the level of the seat at the rear 32R seat is higher than the level of the seat in front seat 32F in the passenger compartment 2. This seat is preferred in terms of providing a broad overview for the rear seat passengers 32R.

Group S1 rechargeable battery 3 to the right and to the left of the cross member 24 is composed of only sixteen batteries. Group S2 of the batteries 3 to the right and to the left of the cross member 24 is composed of everything in EMU batteries. The group S3 of the batteries 3 is composed of twenty-four rechargeable batteries. Twenty-four batteries installed in front of the crossbar 24w and rear crossbars 24w, respectively. As a result, the weight of the group S3 of the batteries 3 is heavier than the total weight of the group S2 of the batteries 3, and heavier than the total weight of the groups S1 rechargeable battery 3, and is essentially equal to the total weight of the group S2 of the batteries 3 and groups S1 battery 3.

According to the above arrangement of the batteries 3, the center of gravity of the Assembly 22 battery is located behind the center of the top view of the Assembly 22 to the battery. Provided that Cv figure 4 is a graphical center of the vehicle 1, the center of gravity of the Assembly 22 battery is located behind the graphics center Cv of the vehicle 1. Taking into account that the electrical equipment containing an electric motor 12, the charger 13 battery and inverter 14 placed in the front section 11 of the vehicle 1, the location of the center of gravity of the Assembly 22 batteries back from the graphical center Cv of the vehicle 1 is preferred in terms of the weight of the alignment of the vehicle 1 in the anteroposterior direction.

the groups S1 and S2 of the batteries 3, batteries 3 are stacked foot of the conditions to the long edge was oriented in the transverse direction of the vehicle, and the short rib was oriented in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle. In this case, the density of the rechargeable battery 3 or the gap between the batteries 3 in the transverse direction of the vehicle are determined according to the width W of the lower part of the body of the vehicle, shown in figure 2, and the length Wb of the long edges of the batteries shown in Figure 4. As for the groups S1 and S2 of the batteries 3, a space G is formed between adjacent stop batteries in one of the rectangular regions 26F and next stop batteries in the other rectangular region 26F contributes to the setting of the gap. In groups S1 and S2 of the batteries 3, battery 3 laid foot in the vertical direction. The respective heights h1 and h2 of the groups S1 and S2 of the batteries 3, therefore, can accurately be adjusted in accordance with the unit settings equal to the length of the shortest edge of the battery 3.

As for the group S3 of the batteries 3, batteries 3 are stacked foot, from the condition to the shortest edge was oriented in the transverse direction of the vehicle. According to the government, by setting the number of stacking of the batteries 3 and the gap between the rechargeable batteries 3 depending on the width W of the lower part of the body of the vehicle, the length of the group S3 of the batteries 3 in the transverse direction of the vehicle can be accurately adjusted, and a large number of batteries 3 can be effectively installed using the space under the rear seat 32R.

According to the type of vehicle 1, the rear space of the passenger compartment 2 may be limited due to the rear wheel housing 25, as shown in figure 2, or the rear suspension. Since the size in the transverse direction of the vehicle group S3 of the batteries 3, which is located in the rear space of the passenger compartment 2, can be accurately adjusted, as described above, the discrepancy between the size of the rear space of the passenger compartment 2 can easily be absorbed.

As shown in figure 1, the groups S1 and S2 of the batteries 3, respectively have two feet of the batteries in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle. However, the number of stop batteries may be changed depending on the size of the vehicle 1 in the longitudinal direction. For example, the group S1 rechargeable battery 3 can be accounted for the Lena three feet of storage batteries, arranged in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle, along with the fact that the group S2 of the batteries 3 is composed of only one foot batteries.

Thus, even when the layout of the seats of the vehicle 1 is changed, the optimal layout of the batteries can be done by simply changing the number of stop batteries in groups S1 to S3 without modifying the dimensions of the mounting frame 21 of the battery. As a result, the mounting frame 21 of the batteries can be applied to various types of vehicles.

According to the design to install the batteries as described above, the rear edge element 23r design and crossbar 24w mounting frame 21 batteries are relatively lower in relation to the rear suspension. These structural elements, leading to the effect of increasing the stiffness of the vehicle in relation to the direct load applied to the body of the vehicle, when the rear side of the vehicle 1 is subjected to a collision, or an upward shock load transmitted from the rear suspension on the body of the vehicle. In the group S3 of the batteries 3, by placing the foot of the batteries 3 in density is m contact with each other and increasing the strength of the load-bearing structural elements of the foot, such as base plate 37d, you can encourage foot batteries to contribute to increase the rigidity and strength of the body of the vehicle.

Because the harness wires 34, the junction box 35 and the junction box 36 is placed in the space G, the groups S1 and S2 of the batteries 3 are stacked on the foot of the conditions to the terminals 3a was performed in the space of G. the Space G, which is not used for stacking foot of the batteries 3, is effectively used in the composition of these structural elements. Installation of the first unit 38F batteries, composed of stacked vertical foot batteries, in front of the second unit 38R batteries, composed of stacked cross-foot batteries, also preferred in terms of obtaining space to accommodate these design elements.

In the group S3 of the batteries 3, batteries 3 are stacked foot of the conditions to the terminals 3a forward, or, in other words, in the upper space of the crossbar 24w. This arrangement of the batteries 3 is preferable in terms of protection terminals 3A in the event of a collision of the vehicle 1. In addition, according to this arrangement, the battery means 3, attach the harness wires 34 to the terminals amout easily be performed through the use of the upper space of the crossbar 24w. In addition, the durability of the harness wires 34 can be increased using the crossbar 24w to support the harness wires 34.

With reference to Figure 10 will be described electrical circuit Assembly 22 batteries.

The electrical circuit Assembly 22 batteries sequentially connects the rechargeable battery 3 in the group S3 and the battery 3 in groups S1 and S2 in the right and left rectangular areas using the harness wires 34. Junction box 35 is installed between the components in the bundle 34 of the wires between the batteries 3 in the group S3 and batteries in groups S1 and S2. Junction box 36 is inserted between the terminals connected to both ends of the rechargeable battery 3.

Junction box 35 contains relays 35a manual and the fuse 35b connected in series. Relay 35a manual unites and separates the group S3 of the batteries 3 and groups S1 and S2 of the batteries 3. In this embodiment, the electric circuit Assembly 22 batteries are divided into one chain to the first block 38F batteries, composed of groups S1 and S2 of the batteries 3 in the right and left rectangular regions 26F, and another circuit for the second block 38R batteries, composed of g is uppoi S3 of the batteries 3. The voltage at the terminals of the first block 38F battery and the terminal voltage of the second block 38R rechargeable battery set in accordance with SAEJ2344. Number of batteries placed a foot in each of the first block 38F rechargeable battery and the second block 38R rechargeable batteries, has a value of twenty-four.

Junction box 36 contains the main conductor 36a, which electrically connects the positive electrode of the first block 38F batteries and inverter 14, and an auxiliary conductor 36b, which electrically connects and disconnects the negative electrode of the second block 38R batteries and inverter 14.

In addition, the junction box 36, the circuit 36c pre-charging containing resistor 36d and the guide 36e pre-charging series-connected, is provided in parallel with the main conductor 36a. The operation of opening and closing of the main conductor 36a, auxiliary conductor 36b and guide 36e pre-charging is performed in response to signals of trip/close, issued from the above-mentioned unit 45 controls. Junction box 36 may further comprise a determination device voltage for detecting the output voltage of blocks 38F, 38R battery is a determination device for current detection current of industrial frequency, issued units 38F, 38R rechargeable batteries.

Junction box 35 is located farther from the inverter 14 than the junction box 36, or, in other words, in the rear part of the space G.

Junction box 35 is inserted between the first block 38F rechargeable battery and the second block 38R batteries as described above. In the physical sense, moreover, the junction box 35 is preferably located near the middle point between the first block 38F rechargeable battery and the second block 38R rechargeable batteries, in order to shorten the required length of the harness wires 34. In Figure 10, the junction box 36 is located between blocks 38F, 38R batteries and electrical equipment. In the physical sense, moreover, the junction box 36 is preferably located before switching box 35, so as to shorten the required length of the harness wires 34.

In contrast, in the vehicle in which the electrical equipment is located to the rear of the Assembly 22 battery, junction box 36 is preferably located in the rear of switching boxes 35.

Returning to Figure 3, the opening 22b formed in the housing 22a and the floor panel 16 covering the relay 35a with manual control from the top in order to control the relay 35a manual in whom utational box 35 inside the passenger compartment 2. In addition, there is a cover 39 to close the opening 22b. The cover 39 is designed to be opened and closed from the condition that the relay 35a manual was opened in the passenger compartment 2 or hiding from him. Junction box 35 is located between the right and left front seats 32F. By locating the switching box 35 this way, the opening and closing of the cover 39 and the control relay 35a with manual control can be performed without moving the front seat 32F. Junction box 35, however, may be located in another location.

The contents of Japanese application 2009-41214, with a filing date of February 24, 2009, is hereby incorporated here by reference.

Although the invention has been described above with reference to some embodiments of, the invention is not limited to the implementation described above. Modifications and changes of the embodiments described above will come to mind to specialists in this field of technology.

For example, the shape of the rechargeable battery 3 is not necessarily a flat cuboid. Is not essential that all of the batteries 3 are of identical shape and an identical size.

Although, in this embodiment, two groups S1 and S2 of the batteries 3 is provided as the first block 38F AK is amulatory batteries the first vertical block 38F may be composed of one group of the batteries 3. Moreover, in this embodiment, the space G is formed above the cross member 24c, so that the groups S1 and S2 of the batteries 3 are right and left of the space G. However, it is possible to eliminate the space G, and linking foot battery of the first battery unit 38F batteries without clearance in the transverse direction of the vehicle depending on the width W of the lower part of the body of the vehicle and sizes of batteries 3.

The mounting frame 21 of the batteries does not need to be manufactured in a rectangular shape and can be made in different forms depending on the type of vehicle 1. Instead of connecting the crossbar 24w and cross 24c in T-shape, they can be connected in a cruciform shape.

In addition, the mounting frame 21-rechargeable batteries are not an essential component of this invention. When the battery 3 is installed on the vehicle without using the mounting frame 21 of the batteries, the preferred weight centered in the anteroposterior direction of the vehicle can be performed by providing the first block 38F batteries containing uloge the major vertical foot of the battery 3, the second unit 38R batteries containing stacked transverse stop the battery 3.

The electrical circuit Assembly 22 of the batteries shown in Figure 10, also not is an essential component of this invention. This invention can be applied to any vehicle that has many rechargeable batteries, regardless electric circuit the batteries.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY

As described above, the design for installation of storage batteries of the vehicle according to this invention preferably is applied to an electric vehicle, but is not limited to them.

Embodiments of this invention, which claimed exclusive ownership, defined in the claims.

1. Design to install the batteries as the vehicle for installing the batteries under the floor panel of the vehicle containing the first block of storage batteries, containing many rechargeable batteries, the laid foot in a vertical direction, a second battery pack that contains many rechargeable batteries, laid foot in the transverse direction of the vehicle.

2. Constructible install the batteries of the vehicle according to claim 1, in which the height of the second battery pack is set greater than the height of the first battery pack.

3. Design for installation of storage batteries of the vehicle according to claim 1, in which the rechargeable batteries are in the shape of a cuboid and laid foot in the direction along its shortest edge.

4. Design for installation of storage batteries of the vehicle according to claim 1, in which the vehicle includes an electrical system containing an electric motor and an associated device as a source of driving force for the movement, and the second battery pack is located on the opposite side of the first battery pack relative to the electrical equipment with respect to the longitudinal direction of the vehicle.

5. Design for installation of storage batteries of the vehicle according to claim 4, in which the vehicle further comprises a front section, which is provided by the electrical equipment, and passenger compartment, which has a front seat, rear seat, floor, located between the front seat and the rear seat, and a second battery pack located under the rear seat, while the first battery pack installed under the floor.

6. Design is to install the battery vehicle according to claim 5, in which the first battery pack is additionally installed under the front seat.

7. Design for installation of storage batteries of the vehicle according to claim 6, in which the height of the first battery pack installed under the front seat, exceeds the height of the first battery pack installed under the floor between the rear seat and the front seat.

8. Design for installation of storage batteries of the vehicle according to claim 4, in which the first battery pack contains a variety of stop-rechargeable batteries are arranged in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle and forming a space between them, and the wiring harness attached to the batteries, is located in that space.

9. Design to install the batteries as the vehicle of claim 8, in which each of the batteries of the first battery has a terminal protruding into the space to attach the harness.

10. Design to install the batteries as the vehicle of claim 8, further containing a key for electrical connection and disconnection of the first battery and the second battery pack and electric ustroystvo.ranee for regulation of electric power, transmitted between the first and second battery packs and electric equipment, the key and the electric control device is located in that space.

11. Design to install the batteries as the vehicle of claim 10, where the electrical control device is located closer to the electrical equipment than the key.

12. Design for installation of storage batteries of the vehicle according to any one of claims 1 to 11, additionally containing mounting frame rechargeable batteries, the first battery and the second battery pack in advance fixed in build quality rechargeable battery and the first battery and the second battery pack secured in the vehicle by a mounting frame rechargeable batteries.

13. Design for installation of storage batteries of the vehicle indicated in paragraph 12, in which the vehicle includes a stationary structural member for attaching the mounting frame to the battery.

14. Design for installation of storage batteries of the vehicle indicated in paragraph 12, in which the mounting frame rechargeable battery includes a rectangular frame having a rectangular flat shape, and a reinforcing element to the stations, attached to the inside of the rectangular frame.

15. Design for installation of storage batteries of the vehicle through 14, in which the rectangular frame includes a front edge of the design element, passing in the transverse direction of the vehicle, and reinforcing a structural member composed of a crossbar attached to the interior of the rectangular frame in the transverse direction of the vehicle, and a cross member connecting the crossbar and the front edge of the structural member, the crossbar and the crossbar of the form a T-shaped profile when viewed from above.

16. Design for installation of storage batteries of the vehicle indicated in paragraph 15, in which the first battery pack is located on both sides of the cross member in a rectangular frame, while the second battery is located on the opposite side of the crossbar relative to the cross member in a rectangular frame.

17. Design for installation of storage batteries of the vehicle according to clause 16, in which the length of the crossbar exceeds half the internal size of the rectangular frame in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Proposed fame structure comprises long duct 2 and two channels 3. Note here that said channels are arranged on both sides of said duct. It comprises also body front wall crossbar 5 wit cover sheet 18 connected directly with two said channels and duct, wheel housing 20 with main structural arc 21 open downward and having its ends 25 connected with bottom. Said main structural arc at vehicle inner side has intake element 22 for shock absorber with support strut 23a, 23b extending downward.

EFFECT: perfected design of self-bearing body.

36 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Vehicle bottom structure comprises main carcass and floor panel. Main carcass extends in vehicle lengthwise axis. Floor panel is jointed to main carcass. Main carcass has stiffness ribs extending in vehicle lengthwise axis. Stiffness rib depth increases in direction toward vehicle rear.

EFFECT: higher stiffness.

17 cl, 23 dwg

Laminated body // 2463191

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transport machine building. Laminated body for heat insulator includes multiple convex areas made on it. Each of convex area on top view is hexagonal. Longitudinal section of convex areas includes vertices forming opposite angles of hexagonal shape and has a shape of circular arc. Convex areas are positioned so that flat laminated area between convex areas does not keep linear shape. Convex area is made so that convex height H to convex width W1 ratio lays in the range of 12% to 20%, convex width W1 lays in the range of 10 mm to 16 mm. Distance C between convex areas is 75% or less of base width W2 which is sum of distance (C/2) and convex width W1.

EFFECT: higher rigidity and lower weight of laminated body.

7 dwg, 3 tbl

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to industrially produced article, namely, to automotive body cabin part, in particular, truck body floor or wall, and to method of its production. Proposed article comprises first and second plates (11, 11') and (12, 12'), respectively, partially overlapped and jointed together in zone (13'). First plate features U-shape section (14') in said zone (13') to make box structure in interaction with second plate. Second plate (12') has also similar U-shape section (20). Note here that second plate U-shape section features the width of the first similar section of the first plate and is jointed with opposite concave camber in zone (13'), exactly above U-shape section of the first plate, for form box structure.

EFFECT: higher structural strength.

9 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: device of mining or construction machine includes wear protection construction intended to include the part worn and torn with abrasive material during loading and unloading. The above wear protection construction has cavities in the form of grooves, with projection projecting at an angle to common direction of movement of abrasive material along protection construction against wear during loading and unloading process. Wear protection construction is installed on the part of machine so that abrasive material passes through it during loading and unloading process. Grooves extend to outer surface of wear protection construction.

EFFECT: reducing weight and improving wear resistance.

9 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry. Vehicle underbody structure contains front pillar, sill and reinforcing member. The front pillar is installed on vehicle side part and extends throughout the height of the vehicle. The sill at the front end is connected with lower end of the front pillar and extends throughout the length of the vehicle. Reinforcing member is connected with outer side surface of the front pillar from the side of vehicle compartment in place that is above sill along vehicle height. The reinforcing member transmits impact load acting on the front pillar along lateral vehicle direction towards vehicle lateral centre, and along longitudinal vehicle direction towards vehicle rear part. The reinforcing member passes along vehicle width towards lateral vehicle centre, and in longitudinal direction towards the rear part of the vehicle.

EFFECT: lower deformation of vehicle compartment during offset collision.

10 cl, 24 dwg

Stiffener // 2401761

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building, namely to automotive body structural elements. Proposed device aims at increasing transport facility body stiffness and comprises U-cross section central tunnel of transport facility which is jointed via sidewalls to the body bearing base. Crosswise rails for seats are arranged on both sides jointed to body bearing base and/or said central tunnel. Central tunnel lower side that faces body bearing base has a tunnel bridge. Said tunnel bridge comprises at least two crosswise rails and lengthwise rails jointed thereto. Crosswise rails run under the central tunnel supports, across transport facility, to allow their free ends to be fastened in holes made in the body.

EFFECT: higher stiffness.

9 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: automobile containing the body with first floor (10) having flat protruding first zone (11) and low located zone (12) adjacent to first zone (11). Low located zone (12) is enveloped with protruding frame (14), and second floor (15) is mechanically attached to frame (14) in the plane located in one and the same level with the plane of first zone (11).

EFFECT: designing the automobile the body of which is adapted both for passenger car, and for light - duty truck.

7 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: means of transport.

SUBSTANCE: protective tray for car power unit consists of a panel with mounting holes including rear holes for bolted or similar connections to install and fasten this tray in horizontal or close to horizontal position, at least under car engine. Panel is also provided with protective elements located directly before rear mounting holes. Each protective element is represented as protective hole with sizes in the drawing exceeding mounting hole dimensions in the same directions. Further more, protective hole sizes exceed also dimensions of the lower parts of the above connection to ensure automatic panel loosening in the specified attaching points and free downward displacement as a result of horizontal backward shifting under the action of axial component of dynamic loading F in case of frontal shock. Hole may be either through or blind (with bottom thickness being less panel thickness). Hole bottom is likely to be damaged at preset force F or panel gravity values or loose engine weight. Breaking bridge may be provided for between protective and mounting holes. Breaking bridge may be lacking. In this case, hole may be represented as longitudinal groove linked with a hole. It is preferable if the hole is made round. In addition, protective holes can be made before front mounting holes in plate.

EFFECT: improvement of car operation safety.

7 cl, 7 dwg

Vehicle // 2304063

FIELD: mechanical engineering; transport engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention is structure of wheeled vehicle, particularly, passenger car, whose load-bearing members of body are made in form of box-shaped hollow sections, namely, sills, reinforcements, pillars, provided with local sealing sound-isolating members overlapping air sound-transmitting through sections of hollow load-bearing members in preset zones. Said vehicle, particularly passenger car, contains load-bearing box-shaped members of body inside spaces of which sealing sound-isolating members in form acoustic stoppers are locally arranged which overlap passenger sections of spaces with formation of limited lengths of hollow load-bearing members. Through drain holes are made in walls of separate limited lengths of sections of hollow members separated/formed by end faces of acoustic stoppers, particularly, in spaces of body floor, sills, adjacent to space of passenger salon, and external medium surrounding vehicle body. Simultaneously noise absorber is installed in space of body central pillar. Said noise absorber is made in form of inserted member made of porous noise-absorbing material permeable to air. Invention provides high noise isolation of saloon space of body owing to weakening of process of sound transmission by drain holes through hollow box-bearing members of body into space of passenger saloon (cab) both from side of engine compartment and trunk which is provided by use of acoustic stoppers and from side of noisy space under body floor by use of sound absorber permeable to air in space of body central pillar.

EFFECT: improved sound isolation of vehicle.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: set of inventions relates to automotive industry and may be used in traction electric drives of independent pneumatic-tired vehicles. Method of wheel propulsive force control for multiwheel all-wheel-drive vehicle consists in setting parameter preset values for traction motor regulation, measuring their rotation speeds, processing measurement results with regard to curvature of movement trajectory, and correction of set values by signals proportional to differences between electric motor speeds and their calculated maximum permissible speeds. The device comprises traction motors, voltage converters, power source, motor speed sensors, preset values generators for the first and the second regulation parameter, units for correction of preset values of the first regulation parameter, movement direction generators, unit for motor speeds adjustment to one motor, unit for selection of minimal rotation speed from adjusted motor speeds, unit for calculation of corrective signals, unit for calculation of limit values of converter voltages regulation coefficients.

EFFECT: higher electric drive efficiency.

6 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: set of inventions relates to machine building and may be used as powertrain transport vehicles. The hybrid powertrain in the first and the second versions contains multirange continuously variable transmission which includes varying link. Vrying link contains two reversible electric machines. Transmission from flywheel storage shaft to output shaft of multirange continuously variable transmission is made as three-link differential. To one of differential links the flywheel shaft is kinematically attached, to the other link the input shaft of multirange continuously variable transmission is kinematically attached, and to the third link the reversible electric machine is kinematically attached. Three electric machines are electrically connected with each other being capable to exchange electric power. The hybrid powertrain in the first version contains standalone source of mechanical energy. The hybrid powertrain in the second version contains electric energy accumulator.

EFFECT: higher powertrain efficiency in all modes of vehicle movement.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mount intended for charging transport facility. Proposed mount comprises vehicle body 1a, charging mount and charging indicator 19. Said body comprises cabin and vehicle front end with top surface 29. Charging mount is located at vehicle front and configured to receiver charging connector. Indicator 19 is secured to vehicle front end to vertically displace between position of charging mount access and charging mount access locking position. Indicator 19 is visible from inside the cabin if seeing to vehicle front end when indicator 19 stays in position of charging mount access.

EFFECT: easy detection of cap open state.

7 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: energy conversion device consists of a linear switch connected in series with a DC source; the first capacitor connected in parallel with the DC source via the linear switch; a discharge circuit, which comprises a resistor and the first switching circuit, connected in series, and connected in parallel with the first capacitor; an energy converter for excitation of a synchronous machine; the second capacitor connected in parallel with the DC side of the energy converter; the second switching circuit connected in series between the first capacitor and the second capacitor; and a control circuit to control the discharge circuit. The control circuit controls a discharge circuit on the basis of voltage of the first capacitor and voltage of the second capacitor.

EFFECT: reduced weight and dimension parameters and cost.

7 cl, 6 dwg

Hybrid vehicle // 2481969

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vehicles with motor-driven wheels. Hybrid vehicle comprises onboard power supply, electric power accumulator, electronic converter of accumulator power into three-phase variable voltage, electric drive of wheels, onboard computer and control board. Onboard power supply comprises plasma chemical pulse reactor. Magnetohydrodynamic generator and catalytic accumulator are sequentially fitted at plasma output of plasma chemical reactor. Said magnetohydrodynamic generator and catalytic accumulator are connected via output voltage with electric power accumulator. Electric drive of wheels comprises three-phase supply voltage electronic switch and unit of induction motors. Stator windings of induction motors are connected via three-phase feed voltage with output of electronic converter by electronic switch. Control input of electronic switch is connected via onboard computer with vehicle control board.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to railway transport. Proposed device comprises speed parameters estimation unit, speed setting unit and speed transducer, traction generator current control unit, diesel regulator control unit, traction generator current and voltage transducers, gate element, integrator, comparators, amplifiers, functional converters, multipliers, adder, clock oscillator, logical devices, reversing counters, and units to control speed smooth and stepped control. Comparator output is connected to integrator input via gate element. Integrator output is connected to adder first input. Adder second input is connected to output of first reversing counter. Adder third input is connected to first amplifier output. Complementing inputs of first reversing counter are connected to appropriate outputs of first logical device. Input of first functional converter is connected to traction generator current transducer output, first amplifier input, third comparator first input and second multiplier first input. Second reversing counter output makes output of second unit of to control speed smooth and stepped control and second functional converter input. Fifth comparator output is connected to second amplifier input. Second amplifier output is connected with exciter input to make output of traction generator current control output.

EFFECT: better dynamic and static control over speed.

1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: set of invention relates to hybrid transport facilities. In compliance with first, second and third versions, proposed hybrid vehicle comprises first and second power sources, control bus, first and second voltage assemblies, control bus voltage selector, and control device. In first mode, first power source is used. In second mode, second power source is used. Control device selects vehicle first or second operating mode. Control device switches over operating mode proceeding from changeover from first level to second level, said changeover being the first one. Control device switches over operating mode proceeding from changeover from second level to first level, said changeover being the second one. Control device changes over operating mode on detecting first and second variations. In compliance with first version, control device changes over operating mode in compliance with first variation. It changes operating mode to that set before base time interval. It sustains operating mode in conditions set after base time interval. In compliance with third version, control device changes operating mode provided second variation occurs before elapse of definite time interval. In case second variation does not occur before elapse of definite time interval mode set before base time interval will be sustained.

EFFECT: prevention of control bus faults.

15 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electric transport facilities. Proposed vehicle comprises body, running gear, vertical T-like fixed handle, traction motor with reduction gears, storage batteries, and control mechanisms. Running gear is composed of two caterpillar propulsors arranged on body sides. Said caterpillar propulsors represents endless rubber band with metal plates pressed therein. Permanent neodymium magnets are bolted to said plates. Several square-section sleeves arranged in row are arranged on body longitudinal lateral flanges receiving vertically displacing supports and provided with transverse slots with permanent neodymium magnets. Permanent neodymium magnets are bolted to said plates. Band and support permanent magnets have their like poles facing each other. Front geode wheel runs free on axle and displaces horizontally and is provided with circular groove on outer surface. Permanent neodymium magnets are secured inside said groove. Rear drive wheel has two ring gears. Annular clearance is provided between said ring gears.Traction motor shaft is coupled with bevel gear differential with brakes.

EFFECT: smooth running.

17 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive industry, particularly, to electrically driven vehicles. Proposed power plant comprises traction motor composed of reversible induction motor, electric power primary source composed of multifuel dynamotor unit, catalytic thermal reactor to generate synthesis gas on board the vehicle, energy buffer accumulator, and modular control system. Dynamotor unit comprises ICE running on synthesis gas and coupled with electrical generator. Fuel is fed into catalytic thermal reactor by fuel store and feed system. Traction motor is connected to energy buffer accumulator via inverter circuit. Separate modules of said control system are communicated with controlled objects and, directly, to top level electronic control system.

EFFECT: higher reliability, decreased harmful emission.

5 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hybrid transport facilities equipped with DCT. Hybrid transport facility comprises engine, motor, and transmission. Transmission comprises gearbox input and output shafts, dual clutch unit, gear trains, first and second engaging devices. First engaging device shifts gears from first position whereat motor power is transmitted to gearbox input shaft to second position of power transfer interruption. Second engaging device shifts gears from first position whereat motor power is transmitted to gearbox input shaft or to second input shaft and second position of power transfer interruption. First and second input shafts are aligned between engine and dual clutch unit. First and second input shafts are driven by motor via engaging device and dual cultch unit.

EFFECT: decreased weight and overall dimensions.

9 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mount intended for charging transport facility. Proposed mount comprises vehicle body 1a, charging mount and charging indicator 19. Said body comprises cabin and vehicle front end with top surface 29. Charging mount is located at vehicle front and configured to receiver charging connector. Indicator 19 is secured to vehicle front end to vertically displace between position of charging mount access and charging mount access locking position. Indicator 19 is visible from inside the cabin if seeing to vehicle front end when indicator 19 stays in position of charging mount access.

EFFECT: easy detection of cap open state.

7 cl, 7 dwg

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