System of moistening, aeration and heating soil active layer of greenhouse

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: system comprises a source of irrigation, a dam, water overshot wheel, a water intake device in the form of a mesh scouring cylinder, a liquid-gas ejector and a water pump, generators of air ions and ozone, a reservoir with manure, a subsoil system of moistening and aeration of soil in the greenhouse, a unit of soil humidity control. A mesh scouring cylinder is installed inside the water overshot wheel. Inside the scouring cylinder a waste chute is located with a perforated pipeline. The perforated pipeline is connected through the gate to the inlet of the circulating-water intake. The outlet of the circulating-water intake is connected through the gate to the input of the water pump. The water wheel shaft is connected through the reducer to the water overshot wheel. The outlet of the water pump is connected to a water pipe of the liquid-gas ejector. The ejector air nozzle is connected through the gates to the generators of air ions and ozone, the atmosphere, the reservoir with manure. The reservoir with manure is connected through the gates with the generators of air ions and ozone. The output of the liquid-gas ejector is connected to the conductive pipeline. The conductive pipeline is connected to the perforated irrigation pipelines. The perforated irrigation pipelines are mounted under the trenches filled with manure. The trenches are located in the middle of the beds covered with film tunnels. Above the beds the greenhouse is placed. In the active layer of the soil of the greenhouse a capacitance sensor of integrated humidity of soil horizon is placed. The sensor is made in the form of two parallel metal strips. Between the parallel metal strips a layer of porous ceramic is laid, connected to the unit of soil humidity control.

EFFECT: design enables to improve the quality of moistening, aeration and heating the active layer of soil in the greenhouse.

2 dwg

 

The invention relates to agriculture and can be used for growing crops in the greenhouse.

Known water treatment device (A.S. 1656046 SU MKI E02B 5/08 / Beantrees, Lieurance - Publ. 15.06.91. - Bull. No. 22). Cleaning the intake device includes installed in the watercourse cleaning cylinder, exhaust valves, flat gate, drive rotation of the cleaning cylinder, made in the form of turbine.

The disadvantage of this device is not using the drive (turbine) of rotation of the cleaning cylinder to drive a water pump. Turbine is also hydraulic resistance affecting the throughput of the stream (channel).

Known liquid (bernabini) water wheel with the highest efficiency among water wheels (up to 85%) (URL: http: // WATER .mht, .mht, Watermill - Wikimedia Commons.mht). The disadvantage of this device is not using it to drive the cleaning cylinder water intake and water pump.

Known designs of capacitive humidity sensors (Berliner M.A. moisture Measurement. - M.: Energy, 1973. - P.52). These designs up to the present time are the main ones in the series-produced sensors soil moisture. The disadvantage of the capacitive soil moisture sensor is the measurement of the total signal, which turns out to be the t influence the structure and chemical composition of the soil, what complicates the selection of the measured signal component corresponding to soil moisture.

Known aeration system for heating and humidifying air, aeration, moisture, and heat the soil in genitalia (patent 2325797 EN, IPC A01G 9/24. - Publ. 10.06.2008. - Bull. No. 25). The system contains genitalia, soil and the subsurface aeration system with water and air perforated piping. The air pipe is connected with the negative ion generator, for supplying negative ions in the subsurface gravel layer, where it is mixed with air nitrogen compounds coming from the storage of animal manure and crop residues, located under the greenhouse.

The disadvantage of this system is the lack of devices cleaning and supply of irrigation water from an external source, there is no control flow of ammonia from storage in the soil that can cause a leak in the aboveground part of the greenhouse.

The disadvantage of this system is the lack of pre-treatment of irrigation water waste and use to work the system, the energy of water flow in the channel, do not use this system for irrigation and aeration of the soil in the greenhouse. No device decontamination of soil and enhance the activity of soil microorganisms by ozone and ions. Air and water in the soil is impul who themselves downtime feeder during pauses between pulses, that reduces the efficiency of the system.

The technical result of the claimed invention is to improve the quality of moisture, aeration and heating the active layer of the soil in the greenhouse, eliminating the need for an external energy sources through the use of for the operation of the hydropower system of water flow in the irrigation source.

The claimed technical result is achieved by the fact that moisture, aeration and heating the active layer of the soil of the greenhouse contains a source of irrigation (irrigation channel), dams, bulk water wheel, which is installed inside mesh cleaning cylinder. Inside mesh cleaning cylinder, drainage tray, which is mounted on bearings mounted on a perforated pipe located inside the catchment tray. The output of the perforated pipe 6 is connected through the gate with the intake pipe, the output of which is connected to the input of the water pump, which shaft through the reduction gear is connected with a water loading wheel.

The output of the water pump is connected with a water pipe liquid-gas ejector air nozzle which is connected respectively through gates with generator ions, ozone generator, the capacity of the manure. The capacity of the manure also connected gates through the gates with generator ions and ozone generator.

The output of the liquid-gas EOL is ktora connected to the supply line, connected with the subsurface perforated pipes laid under the trenches filled with manure, which are located in the middle of the beds and covered with a film tunnels. The beds are additionally covered greenhouse.

In the active soil layer mounted capacitive sensor integrated humidity horizon soil, made in the form of two parallel strips, between which is laid a layer of porous ceramics.

Figure 1 shows the diagram of the system of moisture and aeration of the active layer of the soil of the greenhouse; figure 2 is a side view of the dam with the suction device.

Moisture, aeration and heating the active layer of the soil of the greenhouse contains a source of irrigation (irrigation channel) 1, dam 2, liquid water wheel 3, which is installed inside mesh cleaning cylinder 4. Inside mesh cleaning cylinder 4 has a catchment tray 5, which is mounted on bearings mounted on the perforated pipe 6 located inside the catchment tray 4. The output of the perforated pipe 6 is connected through the bolt 7 from the intake pipe 8, the output of which is connected to the input of the water pump 9, which shaft through the reduction gear 10 is connected with a water loading wheel.

The output of the water pump 9 is connected with a water pipe liquid-gas ejector 11, the air outlet of which is connected respectively che is ez valves 12, 13 and 14 generator 15 ions, the generator 17 ozone 16GB with manure and through the bolt 20 with the atmosphere. Capacity 16 manure also connected respectively through valves 18 and 19 to the generator 15 ions and the generator 17 of ozone.

The output of the liquid-gas ejector 11 is connected to supply line 21 which is connected with the subsurface perforated pipes 22, laid under the trenches 23, filled with manure 24, which are located in the middle of the beds 25 and is covered by a film tunnels 26. The ridges 25 are additionally covered greenhouse 27.

In the active soil layer mounted capacitive sensor 28 integral humidity horizon soil, made in the form of two parallel strips, between which is laid a layer of porous ceramics. The stripe length is 1.5...3,0 m Capacitive sensor 28 integral humidity horizon soil is connected with the control unit 29 soil moisture containing capacitance meter.

Irrigation system, aeration and heating the active soil layer is as follows.

Before watering in the greenhouse is controlled by the humidity of the active layer of the soil. When reducing the threshold humidity is assigned watering. The flow of water in the irrigation source 1, getting water on the blade loading wheel rotates it. Part of the flow impinges on the net treatment 4 cylinder, rotating together swedanam filler wheel 3, and into the drainage tray 5 and then in the perforated pipe 6, is installed on the bearings, which turns liquid water wheel. Of perforated pipe 6 through the open shutter 7 water is supplied to the intake pipe 8 and then the water pump 9, which shaft through the reduction gear 10 is connected with a water filler wheel 3.

Output water pump 9, water is supplied to the liquid-gas ejector 11, the air nozzle which is served warm air enriched with nitrogen compounds from the tank 16 with manure. Then it is heated in a liquid-gas ejector.

To stimulate biological processes in the active layer of soil in the air can be added negative air ions from the ion generator 15.

For disinfection of the soil to the air pipe is connected to the generator 17 ozone. To supply air into the liquid-gas ejector gate 20.

In a container 16 with manure can also be enjoyed air ions to stimulate microbial processing manure, and after testing of manure feeds the ozone for disinfection. This manure can then be used for filling the trenches 23.

Water-air mixture is delivered through the inlet pipe 21 in the subsurface perforated pipes 22 and then into the active layer of soil seedbeds 25 the trench 23, filled with manure 24, to which are added drugs with nitrogen-fixing microorganisms.

According to a capacitive sensor integrated humidity horizon soil 28 control unit controls the soil moisture and appointed its beginning and end.

Moisture and aeration of the active layer of the soil of the greenhouse allows you to use the energy of water flow to drive the net abatement cylinder intake structures and drive the water pump that eliminates the need for external energy sources. The supply of heated water-air mixture in the soil helps to prevent non-productive water losses to deep percolation, maceration and litigatio, improve soil aeration, to carry out heating of the soil to stimulate the flow of biological processes in the soil, increasing its fertility. Application in the middle of the beds of trenches filled with manure treated with drugs with nitrogen-fixing organisms, promotes fertility, and soil heating. Tunnels over the beds to reduce unproductive water losses and heat, minimize the energy costs of heating the greenhouse.

The design of the capacitive sensor integrated humidity horizon soil eliminates the disadvantage of the known capacitive sensors that measure soil moisture at a point.

System HC is Armenia, aeration and heating the soil in a greenhouse, comprising a source of irrigation, dams, water filler wheel, the intake device in the form of mesh cleaning cylinder, liquid-gas ejector and the water pump, generators ions and ozone, the capacity of the manure, the soil moisture and aeration of the soil in the greenhouse, the control unit soil moisture, characterized in that the mesh cleaning cylinder is installed inside the water loading of the wheel, inside the cleaning cylinder outlet tray with a perforated pipe that is connected through the gate to the entrance of the intake pipe, the output of which is connected through a gate to the input of the water pump, the shaft of which is connected through the gearbox with liquid water wheel, the output of the water pump is connected with a water pipe liquid-gas ejector air nozzle which is connected through gates, generators ions and ozone, atmosphere, with a capacity of manure, which is connected via gates with generators ions and ozone, the output of the liquid-gas ejector is connected to supply line connected with a perforated irrigation pipelines installed under the trenches filled with manure, which are located in the middle of the beds, covered with a film tunnels, over the beds installed in the greenhouse, in the active layer of the soil of the greenhouse has succinctly the private sensor integral humidity horizon soil, made in the form of two parallel metal strips, between which is laid a layer of porous ceramics, connected to a control unit of soil moisture.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: agriculture.

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FIELD: agriculture.

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FIELD: amelioration and water supply system.

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1 dwg

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6 dwg

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EFFECT: increased efficiency owing to selective dispensing of water to plant roots.

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Dropper // 2246207

FIELD: irrigated agriculture, in particular, equipment used for watering of perennial plants.

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2 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

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2 cl, 3 dwg

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3 cl, 5 dwg

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EFFECT: simplified construction and increased efficiency.

4 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: irrigation systems used for automatic watering of plants on restricted area plots.

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EFFECT: increased efficiency and simplified construction.

2 dwg

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