Glass element for creation of wall from building glass stones and method of walls creation with specified element

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: glass element for creation of walls from building glass stones comprises two glass concave halves of shells, connected together along edges of concave sections and creating a form of a whole parallelepiped with two open faces and with side walls, having the shape providing for insertion-assembly with adjacent elements. Along two adjacent side walls of each open face there is an external first ledge, and accordingly, an internal second ledge, which protrudes less than the external first ledge, simultaneously along two other adjacent side walls of the same open face there is an external third ledge, and accordingly, an internal fourth ledge, which protrudes more than the external third ledge, and accordingly, the internal fourth ledge protruding more than the external third ledge, besides, each external first ledge that protrudes more has the height that is less than each internal fourth ledge that protrudes more. Also the method is described for creation of walls of building glass stones.

EFFECT: prevention of mortar leakage from a stone-to-stone space, provision of high accuracy of arrangement of adjacent elements of stones, increased speed of wall erection.

4 cl, 5 dwg

 

The present invention relates to a glass element to create walls of glass and to a method of creating walls using the above elements.

The famous walls of glass, that is, walls made using hollow glass blocks, usually called glass, bonded together with cement mortar to give them stability.

Known glass blocks have the shape of a parallelepiped with two square or rectangular faces, which, when the element is selected form the inner and outer exposed surfaces and with a strip around the perimeter having a smaller width, which connects the two open faces together and remains a little inside from their edges to form, being stacked, horizontal and vertical channels for the placement of cement, which securely connects the blocks together.

To create a wall at the blocks of the lower row is first placed on the underlying mortar bed, after which the glass bottom row have one after the other next to the previous one, after placing between them a quantity of the solution and the struts are made at the ends of the blocks, with the centering elements. After the first series stack the second row and so on until the entire wall. At the end, after rest the R harden, centering elements spacers are removed, the gaps filled and clean wall created.

This method, which is actually the most widespread, being imposed by the form of the existing glass and has a number of disadvantages.

One such drawback is that during application of the mortar, one glass block and the next, the solution can flow through the gaps between the blocks, this implies that only the necessary amount of solution, or even less, should be used, even though this technique has not proved its adequacy in practice, and a quantity of a solution still has to be removed from walls created.

Another disadvantage is that the solution can often be applied between the spacers and the corresponding centering elements and removed only after he has fallen asleep, which can lead to loss of time to remove it and to difficulties in finishing the surface of the wall.

Another disadvantage is that the slow speed of solidification of the solution, due to the fact that glass does not absorb water, means that the placement of the glass must be periodically suspended to allow you to freeze the solution, otherwise the wall can be deformed.

Another disadvantage for luchetta is the need to fill the gaps between the glass leads to a long and laborious work.

All these drawbacks are eliminated according to the invention by means of a glass element to create walls of glass, as described in claim 1 of the claims.

Also according to the invention, the wall is generated by at least partially create a wall without mortar, as described in paragraph 5 of the claims.

The preferred implementation of the present invention described in detail hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

figure 1 is a perspective view of the glass block according to the present invention,

figure 2 shows a glass block, coupled with the two perpendicular sections of the profile for the formation of the walls of glass,

figure 3 is a front view of the wall of glass,

figure 4 is a vertical section of the wall along the line IV-IV in figure 3 and

figure 5 is a horizontal section of the wall along the line V-V in figure 3.

As shown in the drawings, the glass element (blocks) according to the invention contains two concave glass half shells 2, 2', which are connected together along the edges of the concave to form a hollow glass block with dimensions similar to the dimensions of a traditional glass. About the however, in contrast to traditional glass, on its four sides, forming a strip along the perimeter of the glass element according to the invention has close each open face 4 two ledge that facilitate sustainable insert Assembly neighboring elements.

More specifically, along two adjacent sides of each of the open sides 4 are first outer ledge 6, which is more than internal second ledge 8, while along the other two adjacent sides of the same open face 4 is made of the outer third ledge 10, the speaker is smaller than the internal fourth ledge 12. Additionally, each more protruding outer ledge 6 has a height that is less than the height of more internal speaker of the fourth ledge 12.

This large internal height of the ledges 12 in comparison with the outer ledges 6 means that when various glass elements are connected together to create a wall of glass, the adjacent elements are in contact only along the inner ledges 8 and 12, whereas their outer ledges 6 and 10, which in practice have a face coplanar with the open face 4 remain slightly spaced from each other to create a gap between the glass and the guide elements for their proper Assembly together. Gaps are formed so that the base is, closed outer lateral face more speakers internal ledges 12.

Additionally, the aforementioned mutually contacting inner ledges 8 and 12 form with the side edges of the half shells 2, 2' are closed laterally of the longitudinal channels 14, which intersect perpendicular to the longitudinal channels for education outside the closed grating for receiving cement mortar.

The system inserts-Assembly between adjacent glass elements also exist between them and the profiles 16, 18 forming the perimeter wall of glass.

More specifically, performed covering profiles 16 with its outer ledge 20, protruding more than their internal ledge 22, and covered the profiles 18 with its outer ledge 24, protruding less than their inner ledge 26, and more protruding inner ledge 26 covered profile 18 has a greater height than the protruding outer ledge 20 of the outer profile 16, as in the case of glass elements.

To create a wall of glass, after placing a covered horizontal profile 18 and at its ends to two vertical profiles, namely covered 18 and cover 16, start stacking the individual elements, which thanks to the insertion of the Assembly allows the creation of almost all of the walls or at least parts of it, particularly, in the case of large size, without any loss of stability, even without the use of cement.

When the wall is created in the channels 14 of the injected grout. Since all of these channels are connected with each other, provided

correct and complete filling without the possibility of leakage of the solution out.

Then put the top cover profile cover 16, and then allow the mortar to harden.

Glass element according to the invention to create a wall of glass is obviously preferable to the traditional elements, and, in particular,

it eliminates the need to use spacers and centering elements, while providing between adjacent elements of high accuracy location

it eliminates the need to fill gaps and finishing the wall after its creation,

it allows you to stack blocks even with unskilled staff,

it allows you to reach a very high speed stacking blocks, while earning at the same time excellent appearance,

it allows the mortar to completely fill the channels between adjacent elements without any loss of ensuring optimum final sustainability.

1. Glass element to create walls of glass, containing two glass concave halves of Obolo the EC (2, 2')connected together along the edges of the concave and forming the shape of a parallelepiped with two open sides (4) and side walls, having the form of providing the insert Assembly with adjacent elements, characterized in that along two adjacent sides of each open face (4) is executed first outer ledge (6) and, respectively, the inner second ledge (8), the speaker is less than the first outer ledge (6), while along the other two adjacent sides of the same open face (4) is made of the outer third ledge (10) and, accordingly, the fourth internal ledge (12), the speaker is larger than the outer third ledge (10) and, accordingly, the fourth internal ledge (12), the speaker is larger than the outer third ledge (10), each more protruding outside the first ledge (6) has a height smaller than a speaker internal to the fourth ledge (12).

2. The element according to claim 1, characterized in that the inner ledges (8, 12)made on each side of the element forming with the respective side faces of the longitudinal channels, which together with the longitudinal channels adjacent items to the walls of glass form a lattice of mutually communicating channels (14), intended to make the cement slurry to stabilize the various elements.

3. The way to create the wall is of glass using elements according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that at least part of the wall is formed without the use of mortar by inserting the Assembly of the various elements together one next to the other in a horizontal direction and in the vertical direction, and then enters the cement in the vertical and horizontal closed channels (14)formed thus allowing it to harden to provide vzaimozavisimosti elements.

4. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that the wall limit, essentially U-shaped profiles with their side flanges forming ledges (20, 22, 24, 26) in addition to the ledges(6, 8, 10, 12), available in glass elements, and form together with the side edges of these ledges additional channels, intended to receive grout.



 

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