Method and system for conversion of motional energy contained in horizontal flows to net mechanical energy

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: conversion method and system of wind energy involves a closed circulating element located horizontally above the ground, on which at least one lifting body (6) is fixed by means of a retaining rope or a chain; at that, in the section of closed circulation trajectory (U), in which traction force directed in the circulation direction acts on lifting body (6) through the flow acting on the cross section subject to influence, distance between the circulating element and the lifting body is set to a larger value in comparison to the value in the section of closed circulation trajectory (U), in which no traction force directed in the circulation direction acts on lifting body (6) by means of the flow acting on the cross section subject to influence. Lifting body (6) during circulation relative to the flow is installed so that it undergoes the force component acting in the circulation direction even at the flow acting across instantaneous circulation direction of the circulating element and transmits the above force component through the retaining rope to circulating element (1), thus increasing the angular range of the circulation trajectory, inside which flow net energy can be used.

EFFECT: effective conversion of energy even of weak winds prevailing above the ground level.

15 cl, 7 dwg

 

The invention relates to a method and system for conversion contained in emerging existing in nature for layering above the ground fluids horizontal flow of the energy of motion into useful mechanical energy.

Almost everywhere on Earth in important existing fluids (contained above the Earth's surface in the atmosphere, the air accumulated in water bodies of fresh or salt water) are in the nature of horizontal flows. Below the horizontal flows in the sense of the invention refers to such flows, which will have a horizontal component. Examples of these kinds of threads are the wind in different atmospheric layers and, respectively, currents or similar currents in reservoirs. Fundamentally these flows represent a battery of large quantities of energy, which additionally seek, and this already appears in various transformations. Examples of technically already implemented applications such flows represent tidal power plants, which use the incoming flows at high tide and, accordingly, the exhaust at low tide water through turbines and placed them on generators to create electricity, or wind turbines, which are driven action is by blowing over the Earth wind rotors convert wind energy first into mechanical energy, and then through the connected generators into electrical energy.

Further, there are approaches in which to transport on ships have a similar kite (air sail) flying body, through which the retaining ropes connected with the vessel and through the use of wind energy to provide the driving force for the ship.

Using existing in this kind of energy flows in relation to obtaining energy from fossil fuels or by nuclear processes has the advantage that it is significantly more environmentally friendly.

In the not yet published European application No. 06014634.7 presents a system that works with moving along the path of circulation, at least in pairs lifting bodies, which depending on the orientation relative to the flow are shortened or lengthened in its distance from circulation element (element for the implementation of the circulation). Using such systems are very effective and can be used resulting in such flows amounts of energy. However, there may be further optimized by increasing the angular range of the trajectory circulation inside which can be used in the energy flow.

This problem is solved through the present and is gaining. The invention is based on the same reasoning given in the above is not yet published European application No. 06014634.7. It also essentially used the fact that flows over the ground depending on the height dominated by different flow rate. So, for example, are usually different in different regions of the constant wind, which, for example in Europe, blow essentially or almost continuously from the Western areas and are at a higher altitude levels reach a much higher wind speeds than near the ground. It is now used due to the fact that along the trajectory circulation lifting body moves where it is in the direction of circulation (rotation) may undergo positive traction force, in such removal from the circulation path and, respectively, of the circulation element, where it is subjected to exposure to strong energy flow; that is, in the example of the wind is undergoing the influence of high wind speeds. In this region the circulation path, in which such "positive traction force" cannot be implemented, the length of the lifting body to the circulation element is adjusted so that it is in a horizontal layer, which has a lower flow velocity.

However, the relatively opican the defense and claimed in the above is not published European application of the invention the present invention has a significant change. While in the earlier application of the lifting body is not described in more detail and assuming the form of a rotor with a high resistance may actually operated with energy essentially only along half of the trajectory circulation, now provides that a lifting body in its orientation relative to the flow is set so that it is even when located across the flow direction of the circulation element of the traction force can still be applied to the holding rope or, respectively, holding the chain in the direction of the movement direction of the circulation element. Lifting body can be performed, for example, like a kite, and another way in the shape of a flying body with aerodynamically effective rotor blades or the like "active" is executed. While similar to a sailing vessel lifting body can "tack" even against the incident obliquely from the front of the flow, and even help in this situation again and receiving energy. Thus, useful for the positive transformation of energy the angular range of the trajectory circulation to a maximum of 180° in the case of pure rotor with a high resistance is significantly increased to an angular range of approximately 270°. In the case of execution according to this the th invention in contrast to the already known to the system is not required, to be sure, there were two lifting body. On the contrary, the area along which the lifting body must be sent in the stream without extracting energy is overcome by the energy cost due to the fact that the lifting body they are actively reaching out, for example, by means of stored electrical energy, until such time as it again will not be in the area in which it is due to the flow can exert a traction force on the retaining circuit or, respectively, holding the rope and thereby positively transform energy. Where the direction of horizontal flow varies depending on the height may be achieved by further optimization of the receipt of the converted mechanical energy when lifting the body - fitted to different directions during its circulation moves at different altitude levels.

Fundamentally, the change of the distance between the circulation element of the lifting body can be done in various ways, and, however, it is proposed to use for this purpose the retaining cable or, respectively, the retaining circuit. He/she may be adjusted in its length by winding or coiling. Holding the rope or, respectively, the retaining circuit can also be set in two remote from each other outlets on the same circulation element and directed m is waiting for them to lifting element. By increasing the distance between both installed on the circulating body of the ends of the retaining element of the lifting body is pulled closer to the circulation element, decreasing this distance increases the removal of the lifting body from the circulation element. Through the use of the polyspast this effect might be increased due to the fact that in case of divergence between both ends is achieved varies a much shorter distance. This can be achieved, in particular, for example, by the fact that the rear when viewed in the direction of circulation of the fastening part can be deduced from the setting/removing elevating body, while the front part of moving on with the circulation element. Due to this, the energy of motion, which is available in the system due to the existing fluid flow, is used to choose a lifting body. By releasing the rear when viewed in the direction of the circulation element, the distance between the two ends of the retaining wire or, respectively, a holding circuit is again shortened and lifting body slides up. Required for this force is applied by the lifting force of the body. To energy costs, which for the future direction of the lifting body through an area in which no thread is there more to be removed no facing in the direction of circulation of the circulation element of force, to keep most insignificant, is preferred, if affected (i.e. pin) cross-section of the lifting body is minimized in this area. Even if fundamentally needed is a single of the lifting body for the circulation element for the implementation of the invention, of course, by using multiple lifting bodies can be achieved by a large quantity of energy conversion.

Next, to sudden changes in flow, such as gusts of wind using wind, to eliminate the gap between the lifting body in the system of attachment of the lifting body by holding the cable or, respectively, the holding circuit one or more pin elements may be provided with a so-called slipping clutches or other means for short-term recovery in a strong effort.

View of a closed circulation path may be circular, oval, or can be made in any other continuous form. Depending on the actual mode of the flow can also be selected essentially triangular or comparable types of trajectories.

Fundamentally relevant to the invention the method and, respectively, corresponding to the invention, the system can be used for transportation of goods and people along the section of Trac the Oria circulation.

However, at the present time, particularly preferably the system and, consequently, the method should be used to produce electrical energy. The method and, accordingly, the system has special advantages. Due to the possibility that the speed of the circulation element is set/is adjustable along a closed circulation path, by increasing the speed with stronger flows may decrease the loading holding the ropes or, respectively, the holding circuit power. On the other hand, in the case of obtaining electric energy production of the current can be adjusted to the actual demand load.

By selecting adjustable in its orientation relative to the flow direction of the lifting bodies these bodies may optionally be operated even without special generating lift force means, as, for example, without the use of which is lighter than air gas, even if this creates a lifting force on the tool can also be used in the case provided according to the invention is adjustable in its orientation relative to the flow direction of lifting tel. Lifting body without creating special carrying power tools have the advantage that they are fundamentally requires extremely rare maintenance. In protivopolojnosti, for example, gas-filled lifting bodies, which must be desapareceu creating lift gas, such maintenance is eliminated in the case of lifting bodies without special creates a lifting force on the tool.

When operating in the wind formed, for example, without creating a lifting force of the funds created by the type of kite (flying sails) lifting body at the beginning you can reach by a motor drive system and thus be translated into greater heights as long as they will not be picked up there by air currents. Thus, the system can start without active creates a lifting force even at practically zero flow near the ground or near the closed trajectory circulation. Next, the system - even if temporarily not sufficient for circulation (movement in the path of circulation) without creating a lifting force means lifting bodies flow rate (e.g., wind speed) through a relatively small expenditure of energy "towing mode", in which the lifting bodies are drawn by the motors can be trapped in the circulation path, and lifting of the body distant from the ground altitude location. In particular, it is important that pic is olcu the gap retaining the lifting body at its high level flow otherwise would lifting the body to fall and damage, for example, by hitting the ground or damage by pollution or water (when operating over water) and the impossibility of actually running.

Compared to traditional modern wind power installations, which require including speed, at least five meters per second, corresponding to the invention, the system can be operated with energy at much less significant wind speeds (starting with wind speed of two meters per second). This is due to the significantly less significant friction losses and other losses at the start, which corresponds to the invention the system has in relation to modern wind power installations. When temporarily falling below this value wind speeds, the system can switch to the above towing operation mode, so that when again increasing wind speed again to work with the production of energy.

According to modern calculations assume that corresponding to the invention the system in performing for the production of current can generate power using wind approximately 90% of the time, as the required starting wind speed, component two meters per second, in regions of interest, usually there in abundance.

Finally, despite, in particular, a significant focus on is xploitation corresponding to the invention as wind turbines, this is not the only form of use. Fundamentally it is possible to use this principle in other continuous flow, for example, in the Maritime flows (currents). Also within the invention are possible other applications than energy, for example, used to transport people or cargo.

Other features and advantages of the invention follow from the following description of example with reference to the accompanying drawings on which is shown:

Figure 1 - schematic diagram, which shows the ratio of the wind speed depending on the height above the ground;

Figure 2 - schematic representation principally used in the invention system, a closed circulation path, but with aerostatic lifting bodies;

Figa - another view with aerostatic lifting bodies with variable affected the cross-section;

Fig.3b - schematic representation of the angular range within which in the case of a circular trajectory circulation in the prevailing direction of flow can be positive transformation of energy;

Figa - schematic representation corresponding to the invention of the system acting on the aerodynamic principle of the lifting bodies;

Fig.4b - schematic of the presentation of the angular range, in the case of a circular trajectory circulation at a constant direction of flow can be achieved positive energy transformation by operating on the aerodynamic principle of the flying body; and

5 is a schematic representation of the use of different flow directions at different altitudinal levels to further optimize the invention system.

In the drawings the invention is schematically represented by a possible example of implementation and comparison with the system described in the not yet published European application No. 06014634.7.

Figure 1 through wind schematically represented as the wind speed increases with distance from the earth (ground), i.e. with increasing altitude. As an approximate lifting bodies here applied airships at different altitudinal levels, to show that they are exposed to different wind speeds.

Following from the view in figure 1 the principle of the invention uses for conversion contained in the wind (air flow) energy of motion (kinetic energy) into useful mechanical energy.

Fundamentally previously known from the aforementioned European application system for this conversion of energy, on which is based the present invention, schematically who redstavlena in figure 2. System as an integral part contains at least one set along a closed circulation path of the circulation element 1. This circulation element 1 can represent, for example, the district closed the rope or the same chain. The circulation element 1 can also be represented as if rolling on the guide carriage. On the circulation element 1 shown here in the example implementation, there are two attached to the holding ropes 2 and 3 of the lifting body in the form of airships 4. In the case of these airships 4 we are talking about the so-called aerostats, which essentially only in predominantly existing bottom stream can undergo traction force and thereby convert the energy.

The principle of operation is shown in figure 2 of the system is based on the fact that at higher altitude level is held for a longer holding the rope 3 airship 4 apply a higher force in the direction of the circulation element 1 than power - on trajectory circulation held for a shorter holding the rope 2 airship 4 in the opposite direction. At points where the direction of the circulation element 1 relative to the wind direction is reversed, the length of the restraint cables 2 and 3 are changed so that the holding rope 2 is a donkey that has a great length while holding the rope 3 is shortened, and thus in the future can be achieved a net gain of energy due to the difference endure forces at different altitude levels.

This system can still be improved due to the fact that - as shown in figure 3 on the airships 4 is an additional sail 5, which, while moving in the direction of the wind (figa bottom left) is revealed, and when reverse course against the wind direction is removed. In this regard, in addition to provided by the difference in height difference of the forces added another difference forces due to different surface effects or, respectively, the exposed cross-section.

On figa presents a different construction of the retaining cables 2' and 3'. Here the corresponding two retaining cable is directed to the circulation element 1 and fixed there, or, respectively, has one holding the rope, which is directed, for example, through the eyelet on the airship 4 and pinned both free ends on the circulating item 1.

On fig.3b schematically represented as along the trajectory U circulation with this aerostatically current flying body, which essentially only by strong incident from below the stream allows you to get energy, only very limited main the range W (shaded) really can positively transform the energy.

Here begins the actual invention.

To do this, instead aerostatically current airship 4 at the end of the restraint cables 2 and 3, respectively, is working on the aerodynamic principle of the lifting body, here in the form of a kite 6. He may, by appropriate control interventions, for example, through control cables, be set (adjusted) relative to the flow so that even in the case of acting on the side of the stream, even if the acting diagonally in front of the flow, for example, by "crossing", to allow you to get more acting in the direction of circulation of the circulating element 1 force. Consequently, significantly increased relative to the shown figa and 3b perform the angular range W along the trajectories of U circulation, which fig.4b presents hatched.

Done with working on the aerodynamic principle of the lifting body setting or, respectively, the system is not fundamentally needs a few lifting bodies, and can work with only one located on the circulation element of the lifting body. In small, there is not shaded range outside of the angular range W, the lifting body could be towed (to go), for example, through the use of electr the political power or the like. It still would be along the rest of the circulation path at a large angle range W excess energy.

Of course, the system would be more effective if - as shown on fig.4b several lifting bodies in the form of kites 6 to distribute on the system and connect either with General circulation element 1, or with a separate circulation elements 1.

Additional increase of the effective range within which through working on the aerodynamic principle of the lifting body can produce mechanical energy, obtained with the optimal use at different altitudes differently oriented modes of flow. Frequent, for example, in the case of a wind over the earth, is that near the ground dominates the other direction of flow than in more remote from ground height. This is clearly shown in figure 5. Position "B" here denotes the direction of the wind near the ground, that is near the earth, and the position "N" is the wind direction in the higher layer. Depending on the destinations, N. wind on a separate high-rise levels and other conditions in the area when mounting system for use with wind energy that can be used, for example, to optimize the shape of a closed circulation path, in this example, a triangular shape, as well as to lifting those is in the form of working on aerodynamic principle kites 6 lead to various heights. Thus, a lifting body, which is installed, for example, at a considerable height only with a 30° angle to the wind, may further fall in the lower layers, where it then is, for example, at an angle of 58° to the wind and thus can further build on the momentum in the direction of circulation of the circulating item 1.

By optimizing such events could further improve the angular range W along the path of the circulation corresponding to the invention system.

From the above description of the embodiment becomes particularly clear advantages of the invention. Corresponding to the invention, the system and, accordingly, the method can be used, in particular, in order from natural streams, such as constant winds, particularly effective and environmentally preferable way to obtain electrical energy. However, the application corresponding to the invention system is not limited to the production of electric power. System or, respectively, the method can also be used to transport goods or people.

This embodiment should not limit the scope of the invention, the object of which is defined hereinafter in the claims.

A list of reference position:

1 - Circulationcylinder

2, 2' - Holding the rope

3, 3' - Holding the rope

4 - Airship

5 - Sail

6 - kite

In the Direction of the wind

N - the Direction of the wind

U - Trajectory circulation

W is the Angular range.

1. Method for conversion contained in emerging existing in nature, layering above the ground fluids horizontal flow of the energy of motion into useful mechanical energy, and is provided, at least, laid in the closed trajectory (U) circulation, essentially horizontally above the ground circulation element (1), through at least one retaining wire (2, 3) or by holding the chain attached, at least one having an exposed cross-section for the flow of a lifting body (6), and plot the closed trajectory (U) circulation, which by acting on the exposed cross-section of flow of the lifting body (6) is the effect aimed in the direction of circulation of the traction force, the distance between the circulation element (1) and a lifting body (6) establish more than the plot of the closed trajectory (U) circulation, which by acting on the exposed cross-section of flow of the lifting body () no effect no directed in the direction of circulation of the traction force, while lifting the body (6) during the circulation in its orientation relative to the flow set so that it is even under the current across the instantaneous direction of circulation of the circulation element (1) flow experiences acting in the direction of circulation of the component of the force and passes through the mentioned at least one holding the rope (2, 3) on the circulation element (1).

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that to increase sector (W) trajectory circulation, which may be the conversion of energy into mechanical energy, the aforementioned at least one lifting body (6) move at different altitudinal levels.

3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that for changing the spacing of the lifting body (6) from the circulation element (1) regulate the retaining rope (2, 3) or, respectively, holding the chain.

4. The method according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the exposed cross-section of the lifting body (6) to minimize the trajectory (U) circulation, which by acting on the exposed cross-section of no flow oriented in the direction of circulation of power has no effect on the lifting body (6).

5. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that the exposed cross-section of the lifting body (6) minimize n the trajectory (U) circulation, through acting on the exposed cross-section of no flow oriented in the direction of circulation of power has no effect on the lifting body (6).

6. The method according to one of claims 1, 2 or 5, characterized in that use more than one installed at a distance from each other on a common or on multiple configured to move along the closed trajectory (U) circulation circulation elements (1) and executed with individual attitudes with regard to the distance from circulation element (1), and its orientation relative to the flow of lifting bodies (6).

7. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that use more than one installed at a distance from each other on a common or on multiple configured to move along the closed trajectory (U) circulation circulation elements (1) and executed with individual attitudes with regard to the distance from circulation element (1), and its orientation relative to the flow of lifting bodies (6).

8. The method according to claim 4, characterized in that use more than one installed at a distance from each other on a common or on multiple configured to move along the closed trajectory (U) circulation circulation elements (1) and possibly the awn individual installation relative distances from the circulation element (1), as well as its orientation relative to the flow of lifting bodies (6).

9. System for conversion contained in emerging existing in nature, layering above the ground fluids horizontal flow of the energy of motion into useful mechanical energy, containing at least one movably guided along a closed trajectory (U) circulation circulation element (1), through at least one retaining wire (2, 3) or holding the chain attached, at least one lifting body (6), and a device for regulating the distance between the lifting body (6) and circulation element (1) depending on the position of the lifting body (6) relative to the flow, thus additionally provided with an installation device for installing orientation of the lifting body (6) relative to the stream.

10. The system according to claim 9, characterized in that for changing the spacing of the lifting body (6) from the circulation element (1) holding the ropes (2, 3) or, respectively, the retaining circuit configured to control.

11. The system according to claim 9 or 10, characterized in that the lifting body (6) is made variable in its exposed cross section.

12. The system according to claim 9 or 10, characterized in that there are several established e the PTO restraint ropes (2, 3) or, respectively, the circuits on one or more circulating items (1) and distanceremaining from each other lifting bodies (6).

13. The system according to claim 11, characterized in that there are several installed through retaining ropes (2, 3) or, respectively, the circuits on one or more circulating items (1) and distanceremaining from each other lifting bodies (6).

14. The method of transportation of goods and/or people, characterized in that is carried out using a system according to one of PP-13.

15. The way to obtain electrical energy, characterized in that is carried out using a system according to one of PP-13.



 

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2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of renewable energy sources, namely, wind energy conversion into electric energy. Converter contains frame and first and second blades that are kinematically connected with cord (chain), first and second drums (starts) that are motionlessly installed in the shafts of the first and second gears, which interact with the first and second gears via corresponding overrunning clutches, third gear and conical pair of gears with step-up gear and generator, fourth and fifth gears that interact with the third gear and third and fourth blades that are kinematically joined with cord (chain) and third and fourth drums (stars), which interact with fourth and fifth gears via corresponding overrunning clutches. Converter is made of two parts that are symmetrical in respect to outlet shaft of fifth gear, in which drive gear of conical pair is motionlessly installed. The second option of energy converter consists of two parallel adjacent pipes, in the middle of which leak-tight chamber is installed, and blades are installed inside pipes.

EFFECT: increase of efficiency factor and reduction of fluid medium energy conversion net cost.

9 cl, 8 dwg

Windmill // 2318132

FIELD: renewable power supplies, that is, wind-electric power supplies.

SUBSTANCE: proposed windmill has kinematically coupled vertical central shaft, electric generator, conical wind vane, and set of revolving platforms incorporating vertical support, rocker arm, vane assembled of two parts, as well as vane orientation varying and position fixating assembly, mutually interacting flat wind vane, conical wind vane positioning unit, braking system, kinematically coupled central bevel gear, satellite gears, radial shafts, bevel and peripheral rocker-arm positioning gears. Central bevel gear is fixed in position on conical wind vane support and bevel gears positioning rocker arms are hinged to support rigidly coupled with rocker-arms, and are engageable with positioning and position fixing units of respective revolving platform vanes. Vane positioning and position fixating unit has positioning disk, storage spring, vane disk, overrunning clutch, bushing, drive and driven bevel gears, shafts, small and big bevel gears of respective vane parts. Positioning disk is engageable through pairs of bearing rods and spring-loaded latches with vane disk; latches are coupled through articulated joint with platform supports. Platform has wheel, stiff frame hinged to vane support, as well as couplers for platforms; vane supports are coupled with flange hinged to conical wind vane support. Positioning unit of the latter has flat wind vane hinged to conical wind vane support.

EFFECT: simplified design and enhanced operating reliability of windmill.

6 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: wind power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed wind power-generating plant contains wind head receivers installed on rotating radial horizontal beams, running races and rollers. Wind head receivers turn around vertical axles in angular directions. Plant contains self-controlled bearings beam ground-based structure of carousel type rotting along one or several support races around vertical axle. Wind head receivers are arranged on radial beams and are made in from of pressure and guide frames with vertical axles or rotation and provided with limiting stops.

EFFECT: dispensing with forced control mechanism of wind receivers, provision of relative overlapping, self-locking and collisions at nonuniform wind flows, increased efficiency of plant.

4 cl, 3 dwg

Wind power plant // 2280785

FIELD: wind power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: wind power plant comprises interconnected platforms that cooperate with the central unit and wind wave mounted at the center of the plant. Each platform has the blade composed of two parts. The base section of the blade is provided with the units for changing and locking the angular position of two parts of the blade, which are cooperate with the wind vane.

EFFECT: enhanced power and sensitivity to weak winds and reduced cost.

5 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: wind power engineering; renewable sources of energy.

SUBSTANCE: according to provided invention energy converter contains reliability coupled platforms installed on round track and engaging with output shaft and wind vane installed in center of converter. Each platform is provided additionally with folding cone, in root part of vertical bushing of which unit is found to change and maintain orientation of cone. Said unit engages with wind vane.

EFFECT: increased power of energy converter and response to weak wind flow, simplified design.

6 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: wind and hydraulic power engineering; renewable energy sources.

SUBSTANCE: proposed converter contains rotary platforms interconnected by levers. Each platform carries blades (sail) and additionally intercoupled motion converter and unit to change orientation and to fix blade in position installed in center and interacting with all blades and wind vane, rotary platforms are made in form of streamlined sealed chambers of which flat blades are installed and sprockets coupled with blades for free rotation around vertical posts. Sprockets are mechanically coupled with corresponding segment sprocket by chains and cables.

EFFECT: increased power of converter and its sensitivity to weak flows of wind and water.

8 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: wind-power and hydraulic-power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for generating wind and hydraulic energy and converting said energy into electric energy. Proposed converter contains intercoupled platforms installed on circular track, each including mechanically coupled car (truck) and blade (sail). Converter contains additionally vertical post and direction indicator (wind vane), and each platform contains additional unit to change orientation and fixing blade in position interacting with blade and direction indicator (wind vane). Converter is furnished additionally with posts with sprockets and two direction indicators (wind vanes). Sprockets are interconnected by chain, and they interact with corresponding cam disks and direction indicators (wind vanes) installed on two relatively opposite platforms. Converter has additionally central sprocket and posts with sprockets installed on each platform, sprockets of all platforms being connected by chain with central sprocket connected stationary with direction indicator (wind vane) or angular position lock.

EFFECT: simplified design of converter, increased power and sensitivity to weak flows of wind and water.

11 cl, 44 dwg

FIELD: wind-power and hydraulic-power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for generating wind and hydraulic energy and converting said energy into electric energy. Proposed converter contains intercoupled platforms installed on circular track, each including mechanically coupled car (truck) and blade (sail). Converter contains additionally vertical post and direction indicator (wind vane), and each platform contains additional unit to change orientation and fixing blade in position interacting with blade and direction indicator (wind vane). Converter is furnished additionally with posts with sprockets and two direction indicators (wind vanes). Sprockets are interconnected by chain, and they interact with corresponding cam disks and direction indicators (wind vanes) installed on two relatively opposite platforms. Converter has additionally central sprocket and posts with sprockets installed on each platform, sprockets of all platforms being connected by chain with central sprocket connected stationary with direction indicator (wind vane) or angular position lock.

EFFECT: simplified design of converter, increased power and sensitivity to weak flows of wind and water.

11 cl, 44 dwg

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