Turbomachine with bladed rotors

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: turbomachine with bladed rotors includes main housing 2, rotor 4 arranged in a movable manner in housing 1, at least two blades 5 that can be rotated and are uniformly distributed along the circle of rotor 4 and fixed on the axis parallel to the rotor axis, conical gears 7, 8, 9, 10 between each axis of blade 4 and coupling 12 rotating on shaft 14 of the rotor. The first rotor 4 is connected to the second rotor 20 that is connected to the first rotor 4 in a movable manner. The second rotor 20 includes at least two blades 22 that can be rotated and are uniformly distributed along the circle of rotor 20 and fixed on the axis parallel to the axis of rotor 20, a transfer mechanism between each axis of blade 22 and coupling 12 rotating on shaft 14 of the rotor.

EFFECT: creation of a turbomachine, in which kinetic energy of liquid can be optimally used with maximum efficiency.

13 cl, 6 dwg

 

This invention is a turbomachine with a blade rotor according to the defining part of paragraph 1 of the claims.

Machines of this type are known, in particular from patent application for invention No. 1345097, filed September 15, 2003.

This document describes a mechanism in which fluid is directed perpendicular to the axis of the rotor blades, which are constantly regulated by a special control mechanism. Thus, the kinetic energy of the fluid, for example water, can be intercepted and trapped in the blades across their surface in a perpendicular position relative to the fluid flow, and the blades are not fixed, and such blades during rotation around the rotor axis represent the minimum obstruction to fluid flow when they do not generate any torque or only negative point. Therefore, in accordance with the density and physico-chemical properties of the fluid and the necessary energy is selected corresponding to the size of the blades and rotor.

Regarding this same mechanism, the same applicant has found that various aspects of the mechanism of this type can be improved to obtain the best results.

Thus, the aim of this study is the creation of a turbomachine, in which the kinetic energy of the fluid m is should be optimally used with maximum efficiency.

This goal is achieved by creating a turbomachine according to this invention with the features according to the claims.

According to this invention provides a turbomachine, comparable with srednemotornoy the turbine type "cross-current", with the axis perpendicular to the direction of the current of fluid, working with two (or more) coaxial or concentric rotors.

This machine is constructed in such a way as to intercept and absorb the maximum amount of kinetic energy of fluid flow (water and air), in which it runs. Each rotor consists of a rotating circular body and has a certain number of blades (two or more), usually located at equal distance on the virtual circle, the diameter of which is taken as the initial diameter of the rotor. The blades of each rotor are identical and symmetrical, and each of them can rotate around its axis of rotation parallel to the Central axis of the machine rotated through 360° in both directions.

The rotation of the blades around their own axis is regulated by a number of mechanisms (a variety of mechanisms known in the field), which provide the correct location of each of the blades relative to each other at an angle for supporting the rotor and to the direction of fluid flow.

Mechanical soy is inania these movements can easily be selected in accordance with the design requirements provided that there is a ratio of turns between the rotors and blades. This is achieved by directing blades designed to best capture the kinetic energy of the fluid, and in accordance with the position occupied by moment by moment during rotation of the rotor. Such movement is harmonious without oscillations or pulsations, since it always occurs in one direction and with the same speed, which is proportional to the rotation of the rotor, even when not being adjusted by means of the control mechanism or manually. The rotation of the blade is arranged so as to rotate 180° around its axis and counterclockwise relative to the current direction of rotation of its rotor, which at the same time performs a full 360° rotation around its Central axis. This also applies to all blades used in the main circle of the same rotor, and so on for each turn.

It is desirable that two of the rotor in relation to each other had the opposite rotation, and the same applies in relation to the movement of the respective blades. This helps compensate for the resulting tightening, because of which the machine may begin to rotate relative to the support base, and also compensates for other mechanical friction, which can affect the sensitivity to control the implementation. Such consequences you could face if only one rotor.

The speed of rotation of the rotor with a large diameter is usually less than this speed rotor with a smaller diameter, so as to maintain approximately the same peripheral speed proportional to the fluid velocity at the time of filing or passing. The speed of rotation of each rotor can be (mechanical) free and governed only by the shock effect of the fluid on the blades or be limited and coordinated a clear correlation between the two rotors. According to the requirements, you can make a manual choice of a free pair with two output forces, with differential or proportional limit.

Reverse rotation of the two rotors is achieved by using the direction of the pressure fluid on the blades, which due to its location and tilt (installed in the Assembly machine) capture the kinetic energy, transforming it into torque and partly by changing the direction of flow, which is their hits. They guide with corrective synergistic effect of the fluid to the following for their blades of one rotor and forth as long as the fluid does not pass through the entire system. However, if the Assembly you can create the necessary conditions so that the blades rotate in the same direction

The blade shape, provided that it is symmetrical about its axis, not must-have classic aerodynamic profile, but the front and rear edges must be identical, so that they can change their role at every revolution of the corresponding rotor.

It also indicates the presence of a huge number of options for scheme 0 with image sizes of blades, namely: short and wide blade, long and narrow blades, as well as all intermediate variants, provided that the blades of one rotor are identical and have a symmetrical shape. The dimensions of the machine and rotors, as well as the size, shape and number of blades should correspond to the expected energy and physical characteristics of the fluid and the conditions under which the work is performed. Materials for machinery are selected according to the planned design.

Usually the design of the machine has a vertical axis, but it can also be placed at an angle under the condition that the axis is perpendicular to the fluid flow. The machine can be equipped with a guide mechanism or other device that indicates the direction of fluid acts on the input control machine, designed to regulate the blades of both rotors at the same time. This mechanism can be combined with manual control with the help and input of the differential mechanism. The advantage of this machine over others is that this way you can easily focus only blades, even when the machine is running at full power and full orientation without the need to Orient the entire structure. It also gives you the opportunity to slow down, to stop the rotation and start the rotors rotate counter-clockwise with the same efficiency, with the full pressure of the liquid and without the need to interrupt operation of the machine.

This reversible system and, therefore, can function also as the impeller. If, instead of to take away power from the output shaft, connected to it a motor or similar mechanism, design of machine used in the opposite way, to create the pressure of the fluid in which it is immersed. Changing the number of revolutions, it is possible to regulate the pressure, and changing the position of the blades is also possible to direct the flow in any direction through 360°. With the undoubted advantage in maneuverability, especially in the field of navigation, with a Central pressure from the axis, which is fed continuously and without vibrations due to moving blades. Moreover, since the rotor rotates slowly enough, the risk of cavitation is negligible. The dimensions and proportions are always withstand one concept of functioning and are carefully selected in accordance with the spruce using impeller (in this case).

Further characteristics and variations of the embodiment will be described in the claims and some of the following descriptions of the preferred embodiments depicted in the attached drawings, namely:

Figure 1 is a schematic depiction of the axial part of the turbomachine according to the invention in a first variant embodiment, where the rotors have limited mechanical movement.

Figure 2 is an enlarged partial axial section 1.

Figure 3 is a schematic depiction of the axial part of the turbomachine according to the invention in a second variant embodiment, where the rotors have associated output motion and differential mechanism.

Figure 4 is an enlarged partial axial section 3.

Figure 5 is a schematic axial section of a turbomachine according to this invention in the third variant embodiment, where the rotors have independent power output.

6 is an enlarged partial axial section 5.

In these figures, item 1 refers to the entire turbomachine according to this invention. It has a main body 2, in which the first rotor 4 by means of a bearing 3. Along the circumference of the rotor 4 are at least two blades 5 with a possibility of rotation, which are evenly distributed through the shafts 6, the axis of which is perpendicular to the rotor is 4. Each rotary shaft 6 is rigidly connected with the corresponding blade 5 and provided with a bevel gear 7 which engages with a bevel gear 8 fixed to the rod 9, the axis of which is perpendicular to the axis of the shaft 6 and which is rotatably supported by the rotor 4. On the rod 9 from the other end mounted bevel gear 10 which is in mesh with the bevel gear 11, is rigidly connected to the coupling 12, which, in turn, mounted with bearings 13 on a shaft 14 which is rotatably accommodated in the housing 1. The rotor 4 around its Central hole also contains the crown bevel gear 15 which is in engagement with the auxiliary gear 16 fixed on the shaft 17, is placed rotatably in the housing 1 and the axis of which is perpendicular to the axis of the crown gear 15. The shaft 17 also carries a second auxiliary gear 18 which engages with the front bevel gear toothed disk 19, mounted on the shaft 14.

According to this invention, the first rotor 4 is connected with the second rotor 20, which is rotatably supported by the bearing 21 of the first rotor 4, and contains at least two blades 22, which are evenly distributed along the circumference, and the blades are respectively mounted on the shaft 23 fixed to Roto the 20 with a possibility of rotation and the axis of which is perpendicular to this rotor. As with the first rotor 4, in this case, the shaft 23 also carries a bevel gear 24 with which they are connected, and which is in engagement with the bevel gear 25, mounted on a rod 26, which in turn is supported for rotation by the rotor 20 and the axis of which is perpendicular to the shaft 23, and which at the other end has a bevel gear 27, which engages with the bevel gear 28, which is mounted on the clutch 12. The rotor 20 is also rigidly connected to the shaft 14 by means of a flange 59.

On the clutch 12 is also rigidly mounted sprocket 57, connected by a chain 58 with the gear 29, is placed on the shaft 30 which is rotatably accommodated in the housing 1. Thus, the position of the coupling 12 may vary depending on the rotation of the shaft 30 and, therefore, changes the angular position of the blade 5 at any position of the rotor 4 relative to the fluid stream.

Figure 3 and 4 show a second variant embodiment, in which two turns of the first and second rotor compensated differential indicated by 31.

Differential 31 consists of a double crown gear 32, which is rotatably carried on the shaft 14 and with one hand is engaged with the first rotor 4 through the auxiliary gear 16, and on the other hand is engaged with the satellites 33 and 34 that are in contact in turn with a crown gear 35,mounted on the shaft 14, to which is rigidly attached to the second rotor 20. Satellites 33 and 34 rotate on the pins 36 of the wall of the basket 37, rotating around the shaft 14 and fixed to the output shaft 38. It is clear that the output shaft 38 serves as PTO for the consumer.

Thus, with the help of satellites 33 and 34, the movement of the second rotor 20 is optimally compensated for by the movement of the first rotor 4.

The following are additional features.

Thus, we obtain the main body 2, which forms the design of the whole machine and supports the rotor during operation. It can be used for both fixed and mobile design, depending on the conditions.

The first rotor 4, which is the larger or outer, includes blade shafts and their respective drivers.

The second rotor 20, which is the lower or inner, includes blade shafts and their respective drivers.

The bearing 3 is a thrust bearing for connecting the base with the larger or outer rotor when the rotors are in a vertical position.

The bearing 21 is a thrust bearing for the connection of a larger rotor with the lower or inner rotor when the rotors are in a vertical position.

Adjusting input shaft 30 is normally stationary and directly control is regulated by a control mechanism or similar device or manually.

Adjusting input shaft 30 and the regulating sleeve can be connected, if not circuit 58, timing belt, gears or other means, provided that the transfer is permanent and does not slide.

The Central adjusting sleeve 12 is usually fixed and can rotate only in the case of rotation of the adjusting shaft 30. She holds two fixed crown 11 and 28 of the intermediate gears driving the blades of both external and internal rotor. Its motion controls simultaneous movement of all of the first intermediate gears as larger and smaller rotor.

Asterisk controlled by adjusting the shaft rotates together with the clutch. The second intermediate gear 8 (each blade) larger rotor has exactly half of the teeth compared to the number of teeth of the respective first intermediate vane gear. The second intermediate vane gear 25 (each blade) smaller rotor has exactly half of the teeth compared to the number of teeth of the respective first intermediate vane gear. Lobed crown connected to the shaft that supports the blade of a larger rotor. It is driven by a respective second intermediate impeller gear and thus is provided in the clutch. It has the same number of teeth as the top TNA is owned by the crown respective first intermediate impeller gears. Lobed crown 24, connected with the shaft that supports the blade of a smaller rotor is driven by a respective second intermediate impeller gear and so is a slave. It has the same number of teeth as the lower abutment crown respective first intermediate impeller gears.

The shaft that supports the blade of a larger rotor may have a fastening system for the blades, which may be represented by any such system known in this field.

The shaft that supports the blade of a smaller rotor may have a fastening system for the blades, which may be represented by any such system known in this field.

Type blades larger rotor shown on the left in a planar image (pos.5) and right cross-section.

The type of blades smaller rotor shown on the left in the cross section and right in a planar image (POS).

The Central flange 59 (Fig 1) between the lower rotor and the first part of the Central output power shaft transmits all torque generated a smaller rotor.

The first part of the Central power shaft 14 in practice, transmits approximately half of the energy produced by the machine.

Two satellites 16 and 18 through him rigidly connected during rotation.

The Central crown gear 19 rigidly and proports online transmits rotation from the larger and smaller rotors right on the second part of the power shaft, adding torque larger rotor to the smaller moment of the rotor. Gear ratio between the Central crown and the crown, which is connected with the larger rotor is proportional to the steps between the small and large rotors. In terms of construction shown, is achieved by inversion of a course from a larger rotor and, thus, its direction aligned with the direction of the smaller rotor.

The embodiment with the output of the differential mechanism

Double crown gear has such part as 19, but it is not connected to the power shaft and connected to another crown, transmitting the last torque larger rotor and direction less.

Satellites, geared and driven the first and second crown in a consistent direction, is movable gear turns the case of the differential mechanism, which is a basket differential.

The embodiment with free movement

Double crown can be directly connected by couplings having a common axis with the axis forces to the external user. Similarly the Central power shaft can directly connect with another user.

In the third variant of the embodiment represented in Figure 5 and 6, the first kinematic mechanism 40 is formed by a double planet carrier 41, which is supported by a bearing 42 on the shaft 14 and which is on the Noah side has the front gear 43, included in engagement with the auxiliary gear 16, and on the other side - the front gear 44, which engages with the gear 45, is placed on the shaft 46 rotating in the main body 2 and used as the first shaft. Next, the second kinematic mechanism 47, formed by the planet carrier 48, the shaft 14 and siteplease their front teeth 49 with the gear 50, is placed on the shaft 51 rotating in the main casing 2 and is used as a second shaft. In this case, for each rotor 4 and 20, there is a separate output for different consumers.

1. Turbomachine blade with the rotor containing the main body (2), the rotor (4), movably accommodated in the housing (1)at least two blades (5), with the possibility of rotation, uniformly distributed along the circumference of the rotor (4) and mounted on an axis parallel to the axis of the rotor, a conical gears (7, 8, 9, 10) between each axis of the blade (4) and coupling (12), a rotating shaft (14) of the rotor, characterized in that the first rotor (4) is associated with the second rotor (20)which is movable included in the first rotor (4), and the second rotor (20) contains at least two blades (22), with the possibility of rotation, which are evenly distributed along the circumference of the rotor (20) and mounted on an axis parallel to the axis of the rotor, the transmission mechanism between each axis of the blade (22) and what ofteu (12), rotating on the shaft (14) of the rotor.

2. Machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the transmission mechanism consists of a bevel gear (24), planted on the axis of each blade, bevel gear (25)meshing with the latter, a rod carrying the latter and supported for rotation by the rotor (20), bevel gear (27), which is rigidly fixed to the shaft, and bevel gear (28)attached to the coupling (12).

3. Machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the rotation of the clutch (12) around its axis is regulated.

4. Machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the sleeve (12) is kinematically connected to the gear (29), which are accommodated in the housing for rotation and adjustment by handwheel, either manually or through another device.

5. Machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the first rotor (4) includes a crown gear (15), setuplayout with the first auxiliary gear (16)which is rotatably held by the housing (1) on an axis perpendicular to the axis of the shaft (14), and the second auxiliary gear (18), which in turn engages with a crown gear (19)is pressed on the shaft (14).

6. Machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the second rotor (20) is placed on the same shaft, the first rotor (4).

7. Machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the first (4) and second (20) the rotors are kinematically connected with the output shaft (8) via a differential gear (31).

8. Machine according to claim 7, characterized in that the differential (31) consists of a double crown gear (32)which is mounted rotatably on the shaft (14) and engages, on the one hand, with the first rotor (4), and on the other hand - with satellites (33 and 34), acepsimas with a crown gear (35), mounted on a shaft (14)to which is attached rigidly to the second rotor (20), and satellites (33 and 34) are held in the movable position of the basket (37)rotating around the shaft and firmly planted on the output shaft (38).

9. Machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the movement of rotors are used separately.

10. Machine according to claims 1, 6 and 7, characterized in that it is reversible and, therefore, can be used to create a pressure fluid with which it works.

11. Machine according to claim 1, characterized in that it also can work with the opposed arrangement of the buildings of the rotors, while maintaining the same design coaxial and concentric blades.

12. Machine according to claim 1, characterized in that it also works in the casing with a passing stream.

13. Machine according to claim 1, wherein the first kinematic mechanism (40) is formed by a double planet carrier (41), which is supported by a bearing (42) on the shaft (14) and which on one side is the front gear (43), which is in engagement with the accessories is th gear (16), and on the other side - the front gear (44), which engages with the gear (45), placed on the shaft (46)rotating in the main body (2) and used as the first shaft, the second kinematic mechanism (47)formed by the planet carrier (48), the shaft (14) and siteplease their front teeth (49) with the gear (50)placed on the shaft (51), rotating in the main casing 2 and is used as a second shaft.



 

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FIELD: generation of electric energy by conversion of water flow.

SUBSTANCE: electric energy is generated with the aid of vane-type machine having at least one rotor, rotor-driven generator and float for vane-type machine; vane-type machine is anchored stationary and rotor is oriented in direction of water flow. Vane-type machine is held in suspended state below water surface. Float may be inflated with compressed air and may be filled with water when required. Rotor is mounted on axle oriented in way of water flow. Rotor blades may be turned with the aid of mechanism in direction of water flow or in opposite direction. Rotor axle is just hollow axle forming the float. Vane-type machine is invisible during operation of plant.

EFFECT: simplified construction; reduction of time required for mounting.

22 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: wind and hydraulic power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind and hydraulic motors with vertical shaft of rotation. Proposed vertical shaft turbine has shaft hinge-mounted on post with rigidly and normally attached supports, and blades arranged between supports and installed on axle for turning being limited by two locks. Supports are installed in two directions to form row. Blades are made of closed elastic material tightly enclosing thickened axle to prevent axial displacement and vertical rigid edge spring-loaded relative to axle. Moreover, each blade is provided with stops fixing elastic material relative to thickened axle. Turbine can be furnished with additional rows of supports with blades installed higher and/or lower than first row. Turbine can reliable operate irrespective of velocity and gusts of wind, region and place of mounting, including movable objects, with provision of efficiency 10-16% higher than that of similar constructions.

EFFECT: simple design, effective operation.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: the micro hydro-electric power station is designed for converting energy of flowing medium into electrical energy. The device contains of ground unit, consisting of electricity distributing device, control system and controlled ballast load, a fixed water tank, generator located lower than the level of water in the hermetic tank and connected to the ground unit using water resistant cable. The water turbine with a horizontal axis of rotation, is mounted at the run-out and connected to the shaft of the generator through a gear transmission, in the form a multiplier located in a gondola. A cone is placed on the inlet of the run-out in front of the water turbine. The generator is located in the direction of flow behind the multiplier in the same gondola, which is supplied with a device for pumping water from its bottom part. The cone is made of flat elements; part of which is made in such a way that turning about longitudinal axes is possible. A driving gear is provided for this purpose.

EFFECT: increased operation reliability; power regulation.

6 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of renewable energy sources, namely, wind energy conversion into electric energy. Converter contains frame and first and second blades that are kinematically connected with cord (chain), first and second drums (starts) that are motionlessly installed in the shafts of the first and second gears, which interact with the first and second gears via corresponding overrunning clutches, third gear and conical pair of gears with step-up gear and generator, fourth and fifth gears that interact with the third gear and third and fourth blades that are kinematically joined with cord (chain) and third and fourth drums (stars), which interact with fourth and fifth gears via corresponding overrunning clutches. Converter is made of two parts that are symmetrical in respect to outlet shaft of fifth gear, in which drive gear of conical pair is motionlessly installed. The second option of energy converter consists of two parallel adjacent pipes, in the middle of which leak-tight chamber is installed, and blades are installed inside pipes.

EFFECT: increase of efficiency factor and reduction of fluid medium energy conversion net cost.

9 cl, 8 dwg

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