Phosphate-free agent for automatic dish washing, providing improved stain- and film-forming characteristics

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a dry detergent for automatic dish washing, containing: a) 80-95% base which contains one or more sulphate, carbonate, citrate and silicate, wherein the carbonate is present in an amount less than 25% of the composition; b) 0.1-10% nonionic surfactant; c) 0.55-4% stain-reducing system which contains (i) polyacrylate and (ii) carboxymethyl inulin, in which the ratio of polyacrylate to carboxymethyl inulin ranges from 2:1 to 3:1; and d) 0.1-3% enzyme system which contains (i) less than 0.2% Esperase 6.0T and (ii) alkaline stable protease including a balance. The present invention also relates to a method of reducing formation of water marks on dishware.

EFFECT: providing good dish washing while reducing undesirable stains and films on the surface of the dishware.

10 cl, 4 tbl, 2 dwg

 

[0001] the Present invention relates to compositions for automatic dishwashing, and more particularly to nepochetnoe (i.e. not containing phosphates) compositions for dishwashing. The composition of the present invention provides an improved spot and film formation even when the dishes washed in water having a hardness of 15 Grand or more.

BACKGROUND of INVENTION

[0002] Automatic dishwashing machines are widely used for cleaning soiled tableware, kitchen utensils and other containers for serving and cooking, such as plates, cups, glasses, silverware, pots, pans, etc. in General referred to as "plates". While the design and material of dishes varies widely, most often it has a glossy hard surface, on which the presence of dried water spots and films easily noticeable. Dried water spots and film aesthetically unattractive and, therefore, a need exists for methods and compositions to reduce their number and size.

SUMMARY of the INVENTION

[0003] the Present invention relates to a dry composition for automatic dishwashing, which does not contain phosphate compounds and is particularly suitable when using water having a hardness of about 15 Grand or more. Mainly, HDMI is tion of the present invention provides a suitable cleaning utensils, which essentially does not contain unwanted spots and film on its surface. The term "dry" is intended to characteristics of detergent compositions, designed as a freely pouring powder, separate powder "pillows"that are enclosed in a soluble film, tablets or other forms that are not able to flow like a liquid.

[0004] the Cleaning composition generally includes a base, a nonionic surfactant, reduce stains and enzyme system. The base may include sodium sulfate, sodium carbonate, sodium silicate and sodium citrate and may be designed as a freely pouring powder, as tablets or as water-soluble pouches.

[0005] the Nonionic surfactant is present in amount less than 5 wt%. by weight of the composition and has nikopensius properties. Many nonionic surfactants suitable for use in the present invention. One example are the block polymers of the ethoxylate/propoxylate fatty alcohol and ethylene oxide/propylene oxide.

[0006] reduction System spots includes a synergistic blend of polyacrylate and carboxymethyllysine. The polyacrylate may be a sodium polyacrylate having a molecular weight of from about 500 to 200,000, and is present in an amount of from 0.5% to 2% weight. by weight of the detergent composition. Carboxymethyllysine may be a salt of alkali is about metal, such as sodium, and may have an average degree of substitution of from 1.5 to 3 and is contained in an amount of 0, 05% to 3 wt%. by weight of the detergent composition. The enzymatic system comprises a synergistic mixture of two enzymes protease, one of which Esperase(R)T. It was found that the enzyme system exhibits improved properties remove the food.

[0007] Can be added to the bleaching agent, which may be an oxygen bleach selected from the group consisting of perborate, percarbonate, persulfates and perphosphate alkali metals. The preferred bleaching agent is sodium perborate monohydrate is contained in an amount of from 1% to 10% weight. by weight of the detergent composition.

[0008] the Percentage used in the following description and the claims, it is the percentage by weight of the composition, unless otherwise specified.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION of DRAWINGS

[0009] Figure 1 is a diagram that illustrates the synergies obtained from the system reduce spots, which includes a combination of a polyacrylate and carboxymethyllysine according to the present invention.

[0010] Figure 2 is a diagram that illustrates the synergism obtained from enzyme system, which includes a combination of Esperase(R)T and alkaline stable protease.

DESCRIPTION of embodiments

[0011] In accordance with the present invention provides detergent for use in the dishwasher which significantly reduces corrosion of glassware from soft water, which can occur due to the use of phosphates. The compositions of the present invention provide a highly concentrated bisphosphate and chlorine-free detergent for automatic dish washing. Detergent for automatic washing of the present invention may be supplied as freely pouring powder, individual powder "pillows"that are enclosed in a soluble film, tablets or other forms that are not able to flow like a liquid.

[0012] Detergent for automatic washing of the invention consists of a base, nonionic surfactant systems reduce stains, enzyme system and, optionally, one or more bleaching agent, activator or catalyst bleaching and fragrances.

[0013] the Base includes one or more sulfate, carbonate, citrate, and silicate. The base may be present in an amount of 50 wt%. to 95% by weight. by weight of the composition, and may be present in an amount of 80 wt%. up to 90% weight. by weight of the composition. Sulfate may be an alkali metal sulfate such as sodium sulfate. Sulfate may be present in an amount of from 40% to 60% weight. by weight of the composition and preferably in amounts of 50 wt%.

[0014] the Carbonate can be a Carbo is at an alkaline metal, such as sodium carbonate, and be present in quantities less than 25%. The carbonate may be present in an amount of from 10% to 20% of the composition, typically 15%. The carbonate will help to control the pH between 9 and 12 and will help to control inorganic rigidity.

[0015] the Citrate can be an alkali metal citrate such as sodium citrate, and may be present in an amount of from 10% to 20% of the composition, typically 15%. Citrate may also operate as an amendment and as a complexing agent.

[0016] the Silicate may be a silicate of an alkali metal and can prevent leakage of glass products during repeated cycles of washing. Suitable examples include, but are not limited to, silicates or metasilicate or sodium, or potassium. Typically used sodium silicate or sodium metasilicate. Examples of silicates include sodium Na2SiO3, Na6Si2O7and Na2Si3O7. Silicates of sodium, which have a ratio of SiO2to Na2O from 0.5:1 to 4:1, are preferred. Metasilicate sodium, such as Na2O3Si, is usually produced from sand (SiO2) and soda ash (PA2CO3). The preferred alkali metal silicate for use in this invention is sodium silicate, which is commercially available under the trade mA is coy Britesil H-20. In one embodiment of the invention, the alkali metal silicate contains from 5% to 20% by weight of the detergent composition and, preferably, may contain 10%.

[0017] the Nonionic surfactant used in the present invention plays a role in the spot - and plenkoobrazovately, helps clean and, preferably, is nishinoshima a surfactant. Nonionic surfactant is present in an amount of from 0.1% to 10% by weight of the composition and, preferably, may be present from 1% to 2%.

Non-limiting examples of suitable nonionic surfactants include nonionic alkoxysilane surfactants, especially ethoxylates derived from primary alcohols. Such ethoxylated surfactants can be obtained by the reaction of monohydrocalcite or alkylphenol containing from 8 to 20 carbon atoms, with from 6 to 15 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of alcohol or alkylated phenol. An example of such a surfactant - surfactant derived from remotemachine fatty alcohol containing 16 to 20 carbon atoms (C16-C20alcohol), usually With alcohol18condensed with an average of from 6 to 15 moles, usually from 7 to 12 moles, or from 7 to 9 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of alcohol. Other examples of suitable nonionic surfactants may include, but without limitation, described in McCutcheon's Emuslifiers and Detergents (McCutcheon''s Publications, 2005) and Handbook of Industial Surfactants, Third Edition (Edited by Michael Ash and Irene Ash, Synapse Information Resources, Inc., 2000). The full contents of each of these documents is incorporated herein by reference.

[0018] the System reduce spots, suitable for use in this invention include polyacrylate and carboxymethyllysine. The system includes polyacrylate and carboxymethyllysine in the ratio from 2:1 to 3:1 and in one embodiment in the ratio of 2.5:1.

[0019] the polyacrylates are known and suitable polyacrylates include, but are not limited to, polymers and copolymers of acrylic acid, maleic anhydride, methacrylic acid, esters of these acids, or Acrylonitrile. Suitable polymers of the above - mentioned group of sodium polyacrylate and sodium polyhydroxyamide. It is also proposed to use a mixture of polyacrylates as polyacrylate component reduction system spots. The polyacrylates used in the present invention have a molecular weight of from 500 to 200,000, and more preferably from 1000 to 10000. The polyacrylate may be present in amounts of from 0.5% to 3.0%, typically 1% by weight of the composition.

[0020] Carboxymethyllysine is a containing carboxylation fructose, where carboxyl is carboxymethyl, and fructose polymer has a β-2,1 linkage. Carboxymethyllysine is normally supplied as a salt of an alkali metal such as sodium carboxymethyllysine. Suitable sources the IR carboxymethyllysine - Dequest SPE 15625 from Thermphos International. Carboxymethyllysine may have a degree of substitution in the range from 1.5 to 3, and may in some embodiments be about 2.5. Carboxymethyllysine present in relatively low quantities, and thus it represented less than 3%, typically from 0.05% to 2.5% and, preferably, may be present in an amount of from 0.1% to 2%.

[0021] the Enzymatic system of the present invention minimizes film formation, providing proper cleaning results. The enzymatic system includes a combination of Esperase(R)T and alkaline stable protease. If necessary, the enzymatic system may also include one or more other enzymes, such as aliasy.

[0022] Esperase(R)T comes from Novo Industries and has a minimal enzymatic activity of 6.0 KNPU/g and is in a class subtilisin derived from Bacillus subtillis (EC 3.4.21.62). Esperase(R)T used in relatively low quantities, typically less than 0.2 wt%, and in some embodiments is present in amounts of from 0.01% to 0.1%, usually at 0.05%.

[0023] the Alkaline stable protease for use in the enzyme system of the present invention may include, but are not limited to, trypsin, chymotrypsin, pepsin, papain, bromelain, carboxylase, collagenase, keratinase, elastase, aminopeptidase, subtilisin and aspergillosis. Alkaline stable about the institution, used in the enzyme system active in the pH range from 4 to 12 at a temperature of from about 50°F to about 200°F. Although suitable proteolytic enzymes can be obtained from many commercial sources, commercial structures, such as Alcalase, supplied by Novo Industries of Copenhagen, Denmark; Maxatase supplied from Koninklijke Gist-Brocades NV of Delft, Holland; Protease AR supplied from the Schweizerische Ferment AG of Basel, Switzerland; and Everlase and Savinase supplied from Novo Industries, are suitable in the present invention. Alkaline stable protease is present in the range from 0.1% to 3%, preferably between 0.2% and 1%, and in some embodiments in the amount of 0.5%.

[0024] the Enzymatic system may include other suitable enzymes, they are not contrary to the advantageous properties of neobrazovana film resulting enzyme system. Suitable additional enzymes may include alkaline stable amylase, such as EC 3.2.1.1 and EC 3.2.1.2. Other enzymes may be present in amounts of from 0.1% to 1%, typically 0.25%.

[0025] As noted above, the detergent for washing dishes may include additional components type bleaching agent, activator or catalyst bleaching and fragrances. Suitable bleaching agents are oxygen bleach, which provide a source of active oxygen, and may include water-soluble PE the connection, such as perborate alkali metals, percarbonates, persulfates and perphosphate, as well as alkaline earth perphosphate, percarbonates and persulfates. Suitable perborate alkali metals include potassium perborate, sodium perborate tetrahydrate and sodium perborate monohydrate. Examples of the oxygen bleach for use in this invention is sodium perborate and, in particular, sodium perborate monohydrate. Other suitable compositions which can provide a source of active oxygen for use in this invention, hydrogen peroxide and inorganic adducts, which include the aforementioned perborate alkali metal persulfates and percarbonate. In General, any organic percolates source of active oxygen is suitable for use in the present invention. Compatible mixtures of these oxygen bleach can be suitable for use in it. Where bleaching agents, they may be present in amounts from 1% to 10%, in some embodiments from 3% to 7% and may be present in an amount of 5%.

[0026] For the specialist it is obvious that the oxygen bleaching activators may be suitable for use in the practice of the present invention. Activators or catalysts whitening known, and one coming up is the third type of bleaching activator - tetraacetylethylenediamine. Typically, the activator or catalyst bleaching is used in amounts less than 2% and may be present in quantities of 1%.

[0027] Water, aromatic substances and other nonessential components may be present to ensure the right of the product to consumers. The product can be supplied as free pouring powder, individual powder "pillows"that are enclosed in a soluble film, tablets or other forms that are not ways to flow like a liquid.

[0028] One embodiment of the compositions within the present invention are presented below in Table 1.

Table 1
Component% the weight.
The sodium sulfate49,45
Sodium carbonate15,00
Sodium citrate15,00
Sodium silicate10,20
Perborate sodium monohydrate4,94
Tetraacetylethylenediamine0,75
Neionogennye surfactant 1,62
Of sodium polyacrylate (average 2,500 MW)1,00
Carboxymethyllysine sodium (2.5 DS)0,40
Esperase(R)T0,05
Alkaline stable protease (Everlase 12T)0,50
Alkaline stable amylase0,25
Water, flavouring substance0,84

[0029] the Following examples are intended to illustrate the principles of the present invention, but not limit the invention.

[0030] To determine the effectiveness of the polymer and enzyme systems of the present invention conducted tests.

The test method selected in ASTM (American society for testing and materials) as D 3556-85, was accompanied by a few minor changes. First, instead of using a 1-5-point scale was used 1-9-point scale to a higher degree of accuracy. Like a 1-5-point scale used in ASTM D 3556-85, a one indicates perfect glass, while the upper end of the scale indicates the glass is completely covered with spots for the provision of penoobraznaya, and extremely hard film for evidence of film formation. The method provides a wide range of water hardness and the number of washes as these parameters remain unchanged between comparisons. The water hardness was 15 Grand and used 5 cycles. Used fifteen grams of a detergent having the composition in Table 1, but for polyacrylate, carboxymethyllysine and enzymes on Cup per cycle. Polyacrylate and carboxymethyllysine was added to detergent compositions in amounts shown in Table 2. At the completion of these five cycles glassware was investigated by experienced experts. The average of these observations can be seen below in Table 2.

Table 2
FormulaStainingEducation filmTotal
1,0% polyacrylate (cf. 2,500 MW)7,251,507,25
0.4% carboxymethyllysine (2.5 DS)7,502,1257,50
1,0% polyacrylate (cf. 2,500 MW) and 0.45% carboxymethyl the Lin (2.5 DS) 3,502,003,50

[0031] the Polyacrylate had a molecular weight of about 2500 g/mol, and carboxymethyllysine had an average degree of substitution of 2.50. The combination of polyacrylate and carboxymethyllysine showed significantly better overall characteristics than polyacrylate or carboxymethyllysine separately. To better illustrate the results, the scale was completely changed by subtracting each score from the ten (thus, a higher score meant a smaller spots and more education film, whereas lower scores meant more spots and more film formation). The expected response was calculated by adding the scores of the results of the two individual polymers. The results are shown in Table 3.

Table 3
FormulaSpot-educationBack spot-educationFilm-educationReverse film-educationTotalReverse total
1,0% polyacrylate (cf. 2,500 MW) 7,252,751,508,508,75at 11.25
0.4% carboxymethyl-inulin (2.5 DS)7,502,52,1257,8759,625of 10.375
Expected results of the individual stacked resultsNAthe 5.25NA16,37521,625
The tested formula of 1.0% polyacrylate (2,500 MW) and 0.45% carboxymethyllysine (2.5 DS)3,506,502,008,005,5014,50

[0032] it is Obvious that the polymer system according to the present invention (1.0% polyacrylate (average 2500 MB) and 0.4% carboxymethyllysine (2,5 DS)), provides the best characteristics of penoobraznaya than the cumulative effect of each individual polymer.

Results characteristics of penoobraznaya depicted in the diagram shown as Figure 1.

[0033] the optional test is conducted with respect to the enzyme system. It is known that Esperase(R)T along with the fact that is effective, yet very expensive. Respectively, was investigated by a combination of Esperase(R)T with another protease. Test for removal of food carried out by measuring the reflectance before and after one washing (15 g of detergent in the Cup (detergent had a composition according to Table 1, but for enzymes that were added, as shown in Table 4), water hardness 15 Grand) on three protein bars purchased from the Centre of the Test Materials. Tiles were contaminated egg yolk, egg white and chopped meat. After the data of the reflectance collected, calculated average clarification percent for these three tiles. Finally, this number is normalized to the sample that did not contain protein. The data shown in Table 4.

Table 4
Description proteinDescriptionCf. initial coefficient. the reflections.Cf. the end. the coefficient. the reflections.The differenceInterest refinementCf. % refinementNormalizes. cf. % refinement
0,050% Esperase T
0,500% Everlase 12T
DM#21 Egg yolkof 87.089,02,02,301,464,59
DM#31 white of Egg87,1of 87.30,20,23
DM#91 Minced meatto 91.192,81,71,87
0,000% Esperase T
0,000% Everlase 12T
DM#21 Egg yolk87,984,3-3,6-4,10-3,130,00
DM#31 white of Egg87,182,4-4,7-5,40
DM#91 Minced meat91,491,50,10,11
0,000% Esperase T
0,500% Everlase 12T
DM#21 Egg yolk 88,288,60,40,450,51of 3.64
DM#31 white of Eggat 88.187,9-0,20.23
DM#91 Minced meatto 91.192,31,21,32
0,050% Esperase T
0,000% Everlase 12T
DM#21 Egg yolk88,2to 85.2-3,0-3,40-2,820,31
DM#31 white of Eggof 87.082,8-4,2-4,83
DM#91 Minced meatto 91.190,9-0,2-0,22
The expected results of both proteinsDM#21 Egg yolkNA NANANANA3,96
DM#31 white of EggNANANANA
DM#91 Minced meatNANANANA

[0034] the Normalized clarification average percentage shown in the diagram labeled Figure 2. You can see that the enzymatic system of the present invention (0,05% Esperase(R)T and 0.5% Everlase 12T) produces an effect which is better than the cumulative effect of individual enzymes.

[0035] Although the present invention is described with respect to certain embodiments, it should be understood that the invention covers other use and how. In this regard, other embodiments of the present invention will be apparent to experts when considering the description of the invention. Therefore, it is understood that the description of the invention considered only as illustrative and that the invention is not limited to the private embodiment described above.

1. Dry detergent for automatic washing dishes, including:
a) the t 80% to 95% basis, which includes one or more sulfate, carbonate, citrate and silica, in which the carbonate is present in amount of less than 25% of the composition;
b) from 0.1% to 10% nonionic surfactant;
c) from 0.55% to 4% reduction system spots, which includes (i) polyacrylate and (ii) carboxymethyllysine, in which the ratio of polyacrylate to carboxymethylamino is from 2:1 to 3:1; and
d) from 0.1% to 3% enzyme system, which includes (i) less than 0.2% Esperase T and (ii) alkaline stable protease, comprising the balance.

2. The detergent according to claim 1, further comprising from 1% to 10% of a bleaching agent.

3. The detergent according to claim 1, wherein the polyacrylate has a molecular weight of from 500 to 200,000.

4. The detergent according to claim 1, in which carboxymethyllysine has a degree of substitution of from 1.5 to 3.

5. The detergent according to claim 1, in which the base includes a sulfate, carbonate, citrate and silica, and in which the sulfate is present in the composition in an amount of from 40% to 60%, the carbonate is present in the composition in an amount of from 10% to 20%, citrate is present in the composition in an amount of from 10% to 20%, and the silicate is present in the composition in an amount of from 5% to 20%.

6. The detergent according to claim 3, wherein the polyacrylate is present in the composition in amounts of from 0.5% to 3.0%.

7. The detergent according to claim 6, in which carboxymethyllysine is a sodium carboxymethyllysine having a flat surface is substitution of from 1.5 to 3, and in which carboxymethyllysine is present in the composition in the range from 0.05% to 2.5%.

8. Dry detergent for automatic washing dishes, including:
a) 50% sulfate;
b) 15% carbonate;
c) 15% citrate;
d) 10% silicate;
e) from 1% to 2% nonionic surfactant;
f) system reduce spots, which includes (i) 1% of the composition of sodium polyacrylate having a molecular weight between 1000 and 10,000, and (ii) 0.1% to 2% of the composition of sodium carboxymethyllysine having a degree of substitution of 2.5, in which the ratio of polyacrylate to sodium carboxymethylamino is from 2:1 to 3:1; and
g) enzyme system, which includes (i) of 0.05% Esperase T and (ii) 0.2% to 1% of the composition alkaline stable protease.

9. A method of reducing the formation of water spots on dishes washed in an automatic dishwasher, comprising processing the dishes scrubbing the bowl with a composition including:
a) from 80% to 95% basics, which includes one or more sulfate, carbonate, citrate and silica, in which the carbonate is present in amount of less than 25% of the composition;
b) from 0.1% to 10% nonionic surfactant;
c) from 0.55% to 4% reduction system spots, which includes (i) polyacrylate and (ii) carboxymethyllysine, in which the ratio of polyacrylate to carboxymethylamino is from 2:1 to 3:1; and
d) from 0.1% to 3% enzyme system, which includes (i) less than 0.2% Esperase T and (i) alkaline stable protease, comprising the balance.

10. The method according to claim 9, in which the composition is then mixed with water having a hardness of 15 Grand or more.



 

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EFFECT: offer of a cleaning unit which can be easily located on a solid surface, and which is washed away with many washings, and leaves no residue that can not be easily removed, such as with toilet brush.

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of cleaning at least part of a surface and/or fabric, involving: optional steps for washing and/or rinsing the surface and/or fabric; bringing the surface and/or fabric into contact with a washing solution containing a perhydrolase enzyme and a substrate for said enzyme, where the initial pH of the washing solution is alkaline and the amount of the perhydrolase enzyme and substrate is sufficient to lower the pH of the washing solution to 6.5 or lower; and optional washing and/or rinsing the surface and/or fabric, where said contact takes place during the washing cycle, and where lowering of the pH of the washing solution improves efficiency of the component of the washing solution.

EFFECT: improved method for bleaching textile.

7 cl, 5 ex, 5 dwg

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to oil-containing starch granules for delivering perfume oil as beneficial effect endowing additives to a substrate, containing: (a) starch in amount which forms an effective matrix for said granules; (b) perfume oil containing ingredients with Clog P equal to at least 3; and (c) an effective amount of an amidoamine compound for inhibiting migration of said oil to the surface of the said starch granules, said compound has the following structure: (I) or (II), where radicals are described in the claim separately for each structure. The invention also relates to a method of producing oil-containing starch granules, comprising the following steps: (a) preparing a dispersion of starch in water to form a starch suspension; (b) melting an effective amount of the amidoamine compound of structure (I) or (II) to obtain a molten amidoamine compound; (c) adding perfume oil to the molten amidoamine compound from step (b) to obtain a solution of the amidoamine compound in perfume oil; (d) adding the solution from step (c) to the starch suspension from step (a); (e) homogenisation of the obtained suspension by mixing to obtain a homogeneous mixture; and (f) spray drying the said homogeneous mixture to obtain oil-containing starch granules. The invention also relates to a method of washing fabric, comprising the following steps: (a) preparation of an aqueous solution containing an effective amount of the oil-containing starch granules in claim 1 or 2, and (b) bringing the fabric to be washed into contact with the aqueous solution from step (a). The invention also pertains to a laundry detergent composition containing: (a) at least one surfactant; and (b) an effective amount of oil-containing starch granules.

EFFECT: prolonged existence of the aromatising agent in the substrate owing to inhibition of migration of perfume oil to the surface during laundry.

7 cl, 5 tbl

FIELD: textile industry.

SUBSTANCE: lightproof composition added in process of cloth rinsing has viscosity of less than 500 mPas after at least one cycle of freezing-unfreezing and contains from approximately 5 to approximately 30 wt % of active component, more than 5 wt % of polyol, which represents polyatomic alcohol that is not ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, diethylene glycol or dipropylene glycol and 0.1-10 wt % of additional softener selected from hydrophobised ether of saccharose, cationic starch, aminofunctional silicon or their mixtures. Active component represents compound or mixture of compounds, having the following formula: {R4-m-N+-[(CH2)n-Y-R']m}X-, (a), where each R is hydrogen, short chain C1-C6, poly(C2-3 alkoxy), benzyl, or their mixtures; m = 2 or 3; n = 1-4; Y = -O-(O)C- or -C(O)O; sum of carbon atoms in each R1=C11-C21, for each R1, which represents hydrocarbyl or substituted hydrocarbyl group; and X-anion compatible with softener; or {R4-m-N+-[(CH2)n-Y-R']m}X-, (b), where each R is hydrogen, short chain C1-C6, poly (C2-3alkoxy), benzyl, or their mixtures; m = 2 or 3; n =1-4; Y=CH2, -NR-C(O)-, or -C(O)-NR- and each Y is same or different; sum of carbon atoms in each R1 minus (n+1), when Y is CH2, is equal to C12-C22, for each R1, which represents hydrocarbyl or substituted hydrocarbyl group; and X- any anion compatible with softener; or (c), where each R, R1, and A- have values given above; each R2 -C1-C6 alkylene group; and G - atom of oxygen or -NR-.

EFFECT: softener has good dispersive ability and spreading property when stored at low or high temperature.

9 cl, 1 tbl, 4 ex

FIELD: biochemistry; production of the water purifying diphasic compositions.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the water purifying diphasic compositions. The composition contains (in mass %): (a) 5-75 of the surface-active substance; (b) at least 2.5 molecules of polydextrose; (b) at least, 2.5 - 50 molecules of sucrose; and (d) - the water and auxiliary components - up to the balance. The other version is the composition containing (in mass %): (a) 5-75 of the surface-active substances; (b) at least - 2,5 molecules of molecules of polydextrose; (c) at least from 0.5 up to approximately 4 the salt; (d) at least - 2.5 - sucrose; and (e) the water and the auxiliary components to the balance. These compositions contain, at least, two visible separated layers on the basis of the water at aging the compositions without shaking or steering. The technical result of the invention is the increased stability.

EFFECT: the invention ensures the increased stability of the water purifying diphasic compositions.

12 cl, 3 tbl, 14 ex

FIELD: agriculture; chemical industry; other industries; production of the water two-phase purifying compositions.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the water purifying two-phase compositions. The composition contains: (a) about 5-75 % of the mass of the surface-active substance, (b) at least about 15 % of the molecule or the molecules of the polydextrose, where the polymerization degree makes from the nearby 4 to the nearby 22,(that corresponds to the molar weight from nearby 600 to nearby 3600) and (c) the water and the auxiliary components to the balance. The composition contains at least two visible separated layers on the basis of water at keeping without stirring or hashing. The composition containing from 0.5 up to nearby 3 % of the salt, contains at least about 10 % of the polydextrosew for induction of the two-phase formation. The technical result of the invention is the increase of stability.

EFFECT: the invention ensures the increase of stability of the water purifying two-phase compositions induced by the polysextrose.

10 cl, 4 tbl, 15 ex

FIELD: aqueous composition for fabric softening.

SUBSTANCE: claimed composition contains (mass %): (i) at least one cationic compound - fabric softening agent, having two or more alkenyl chains wherein each chain contains 8 or more carbon atoms; and (ii) at least one sugar oil derivative. Cationic compound (i) and/or sugar oil derivative (ii) are individually mixed with other active component of fabric softening composition, excluded anionic surfactants, water, paints, conserving agents or other optional components with small concentration, to provide intermediate mixture, followed by mixing of cationic compound (i) and sugar oil derivative (ii). Aqueous fabric softening composition produced by claimed method and method for fabric treatment using the same, also are disclosed.

EFFECT: homogeneous composition with improved cleavage resistance.

12 cl, 9 tbl, 16 ex

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: detergent for diary equipment relates to liquid detergents and can be used to wash pipeline milkers and milking equipment at diary farms. The detergent contains the following, wt %: potassium hydroxide 3.0-12.0; sodium metasilicate 3.0-12.0; sodium tripolyphosphate 3.0-12.0; C4-C10 alkyldimethylamine oxides 2.0-5.0; C4-C10 alkylpolyglucosides (average degree of oligomerisation of 1.5-1.7) 2.0-5.0; oxyethylidenediphosphonic acid 1.0-5.0; calcium citrate 1.0-8.0; water - up to 100.

EFFECT: liquid alkaline detergent having improved washing and cleaning properties in water of high hardness, with low temperature conditions of washing the equipment, without foaming.

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