Method of growing soyabean with use of polycomponent fertiliser "bioplant flora"

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. The method of cultivation of soyabean using polycomponent fertiliser "Bioplant Flora", including presowing treatment of seeds with rizotorfin. The presowing treatment with rizotorfin is performed in the mixture with polycomponent fertiliser "Bioplant Flora" at a dose of 1 l/t. At that foliar fertilising of plants is carried out with the polycomponent fertiliser "Bioplant Flora" in the phase of 4-5 leaves and end of bean-formation at a dose of 0.25-1 l/ha.

EFFECT: method enables to improve the yield and quality of soyabean by increasing the amount of nitrogen-fixing nodules on soybean root system and improve the nutrient regime of plants, also it is more efficient to use the elements of mineral nutrition of fertiliser, thus reducing human-induced impact on the environment.

4 tbl, 1 ex

 

The invention relates to agriculture and can be used in the cultivation of soybean.

There is a method of cultivation of soybean using isotropin (see, for example, sheep V.F. codeguru AV, Lukamar V.M. Soybeans in the Kuban. - Krasnodar: [VNIIMK], 2009. - 321 S.), including primary and pre-seeding tillage, fertilizing, seeding and measures for the protection of plants.

The disadvantage of this method is that currently, due to socio-economic changes in the Russian Federation, decreased level of application of mineral fertilizers, which contributed to the deterioration of agrochemical properties of soils, therefore, more urgent low-cost, but effective techniques of agrochemical means application - pre-sowing seed treatment and foliar feeding of plants.

There is a method of cultivation of soybean with the application of foliar nitrogen fertilization (see, for example, Fomin I.S. Effect of nitrogen fertilization on growth and yield of soybean // Problems of modern agriculture in Central Russia: Materials of scientific-practical conference, Moscow, March 4-7, 2002. - Kursk, 2003. - Pp. 102-103.), including fertilizing, seeding, nitrogen fertilizer plants.

The disadvantage of this method is that foliar feeding is effective only on the background without making the mineral is s fertilizers, but this is not always acceptable. In addition, this method does not increase nodule bacteria, which is important not only to increase the yield of soybean, but also for the enrichment of soil nitrogen due to nitrogen fixation from the air.

There is a method of cultivation of soybean using molybdenum (see, for example, Agladze,, Jincharadze D., Chabukiani M. the Effect of methods of application of molybdenum on yield and quality of soybean. // Grassland. 2003, No. 5. - P.18-19.), we adopted as the prototype, including pre-sowing tillage, fertilization, application of molybdenum fertilizer dose of 50 g/ha for soil and at a dose of 50 g/t pre-treatment of soybean seeds.

The disadvantage of this method is that it cannot be used for foliar feeding of plants, which is more acceptable for agricultural producers. In addition, this method does not effect the interaction between molybdenum fertilizer and rizotorfina expressed through the increase in nodule bacteria, is important to improve the yield of soybean and nitrogen enrichment of the soil.

The objective of the proposed method is to increase the yield and quality of soybean due to the effect of the interaction of multicomponent fertilizers Bioplant flora and restartin, and improve nutrient regime R is Steny.

The solution of this problem is achieved by conducting pre-sowing treatment of seeds rizotorfina at a dose of 200 g/ha (not less than 2.5 billion active nodule bacteria in one gram) mixed with multicomponent fertilizer Bioplant flora" in a dose of 1 l/t and foliar feeding of plants multicomponent fertilizer Bioplant flora" in phase 4-5 leaves and the end of bababrownie dose of 0.25-1 l/ha

Bioplant flora multicomponent fertilizer, which consists of humates, amino acids, vitamins, meso- (Mg, Fe, and S) and micronutrients (Mn, Mo, Co, Zn).

Risotorphine - bacterial preparation containing highly efficient strains of nitrogen-fixing nodule bacteria grown on peat substrate rich in carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins and trace elements.

The analysis of the prior art, including searching by the patent and scientific and technical information sources and identify sources that contain information about the equivalents of the claimed invention, has allowed to establish that it is not detected similar, characterized by signs, identical with all the essential features of the claimed invention. The definition from the list of identified unique prototype, as the most similar in essential features analogue, has identified a set of essential with respect to the apparent is the applicant's technical result of the distinctive features in the proposed method, set forth in the claims.

Therefore, the claimed invention meets the condition of "novelty".

Comparative analysis with the known solution showed that the techniques of using multicomponent fertilizers Bioplant flora" (Novikov S.A., V.S. Egorov, Ivanov A.I., Panova,, hamsters J.V., Sinjajevina N., Stepanov O.A., Udalova O.R. effect of the drug Bioplant flora on the growth, development, yield and quality of cucumber and tomato for growing plants in spetacular / Problems Agrochemistry and ecology, 2010; N 2. - P.15-21) is known, however, they are used in higher concentrations: 70:1-40:1 (water: Bioplant flora") for pre-processing and 400:1-70:1 (water: Bioplant flora") for foliar feeding of plants, whereas in the proposed method uses a concentration of 750:1-250:1 (0.25 to 1 l/ha), which reduces the cost of the final product. In addition, for presowing treatment of seeds is applied soaking for 3-6 hours, and the proposed method uses the wet-dry (at the rate of 10 liters per 1 ton of seeds) processing. And, finally, in the known solution the application of Bioplant flora" is not used risotorphine to increase nodule bacteria. This allows to make a conclusion about the relevance of the proposed invention, the criterion of "inventive step".

Summary of the invention explains what I examples of implementation of the proposed method.

A specific example of the method.

The experiments were conducted on rice irrigation system LTD ESP "Red" in 2009 as the object of research was used soybean variety of Willan, cultivated under the scheme:

OptionTranscript
Treatment of seeds rizotorfina at a dose of 200 g/ha (4.4 kg/t) (not less than 2.5 billion active nodule bacteria in 1 g)
The control (background)
OS Bioplant flora
Seed treatment Bioplant flora" in a dose of 1 l/t
Background+OS Bioplant floraTreatment of seeds rizotorfina at a dose of 200 g/ha + seed treatment Bioplant flora" in a dose of 1 l/t
Foliar feeding of plants in phase 4-5 leaves Bioplant flora" in a dose of 0.25 l/ha
B1 NC
Foliar feeding of plants in phase 4-5 leaves of Bioplant flora dose 05 l/ha
B2 NC
Foliar feeding of plants in phase 4-5 leaves Bioplant flora" in a dose of 1 l/ha
B3 NC
Treatment of seeds rizotorfina at a dose of 200 g/ha + treatment of vegetating plants water phase 4-5 leaves
Background+water NC
Treatment of seeds rizotorfina at a dose of 200 g/ha + foliar feeding of plants in phase 4-5 leaves Bioplant flora" in a dose of 0.25 l/ha
Background+B1 NC
Treatment of seeds rizotorfina at a dose of 200 g/ha + foliar feeding of plants in phase 4-5 leaves of Bioplant flora at a dose of 0.5 l/ha
Background+B2 NC
Treatment of seeds rizotorfina at a dose of 200 g/ha + foliar feeding of plants in phase 4-5 leaves Bioplant flora" in a dose of 1 l/ha
Background+B3 NC
Foliar feeding of plants in the phase of the end of bababrownie Bioplant flora" in a dose of 0.25 l/ha
B1 NC
Foliar feeding of plants in the phase of the end of bababrownie Bioplant flora" in a dose of 0.5 l/ha
B2 NC
Foliar feeding of plants in the phase of the end of bababrownie Bioplant flora" in a dose of 1 l/ha
B3 NC
Treatment of seeds rizotorfina at a dose of 200 g/ha + treatment of vegetating plants water phase end bababrownie
Background+water NC
Treatment of seeds rizotorfina at a dose of 200 g/ha + foliar feeding of plants in the phase of the end of bababrownie Bioplant flora" in a dose of 0.25 l/ha
Background+B1 NC
Processing is as seeds rizotorfina at a dose of 200 g/ha + foliar feeding of plants in the phase of the end of bababrownie Bioplant flora" in a dose of 0.5 l/ha
Background+B2 NC
Treatment of seeds rizotorfina at a dose of 200 g/ha + foliar feeding of plants in the phase of the end of bababrownie Bioplant flora" in a dose of 1 l/ha
Background+B3 NC

Dose working solution for seed treatment - 10 l/t; dose working solution for foliar plant nutrition - 250 l/ha

The effectiveness of the options was estimated on the background of the main mineral fertilizer N80P100To80(kg A.I/ha).

The figures in tables 1-3 data suggest that the use of isotropin mixed with multicomponent fertilizer Bioplant flora" in a dose of 1 l/t and foliar feeding of plants multicomponent fertilizer Bioplant flora" in phase 4-5 leaves and the end of bababrownie dose of 0.25-1 l/ha stimulates the formation of nodules on the root system of soybeans, as well as the accumulation and leaching of mineral nutrients primary production, increases protein and soybean oil, which ultimately has a positive effect on yield and quality of grain.

The calculated ratios of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium from basic fertilizer indicate that the use of multicomponent fertilizers "BioP the ant flora together with rizotorfina helps to increase the efficiency of applied fertilizers. Thus, in the variant of the experiment using isotropin for presowing treatment of seeds and Bioplant flora" in a dose of 1 l/ha in the first foliar fertilizer revealed that the ratios of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium mineral fertilizers amounted to 62.1; 12,5; 49%, respectively, and when foliar feeding in the beginning of bababrownie- 44,1; 10,2; 43,4%.

Table 1
The removal of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium grain yield of soybean and their utilization of fertilizers on the formation of the main products resulting from the use of multicomponent fertilizers Bioplant flora and restartin
Removal of NPK in primary production, kg/haYield, kg/haThe utilization of NPK fertilizers %
Option
NPToNPTo
The control (background)6,16 1,502,0126,2---
OS Bioplant flora6,24of 1.572,8426,811,33,727,8
Background+OS Bioplant6,551,592,7829,026,57,039,7
B1 NC6,221,532,4126,9a 12.73,228,5
B2 NC6,371,55to 2.6727,5to 33.88,835,4
B3 NCof 6.311,522,5928,1 36,99,237,3
Background+water NC6,411,552,7026,78,52,124,0
Background+B1 NC7,201,602,8928,544,56,438,6
Background+B2 NC7,311,653,0130,157,111,950,8
Background+B3 NC7,301,622,9130,862,112,549,0
B1 NC6,181,492,3525,77,91,722,0
B2 NC6,251,562,4326,612,53,326,8
B3 NC6,261,542,4126,812,93,125,6
Background+water NC6,381,632,30to 25.37,81,7a 21.5
Background+B1 NC7,031,702,9927,534,19,0of 37.8
Background+B2 NC7,101,72of 3.0728,340,8the 10.144,5
Background+B3 NC7,161,70 3,0028,544,110,243,4

Presowing cultivation of seeds rizotorfina together with multicomponent fertilizer Bioplant flora obtained yields in size 29.0 C/ha, which is 8.2 and 10.6% more than in case of separate application. However, the highest yield was observed from the use of isotropin together with the first foliar top dressing of plants multicomponent fertilizer Bioplant flora in the dose of 0.5 and 1.0 l/ha At these doses, soybean yields amounted to 30.1 and 30.8 kg/ha respectively, 14.8 16.6% more than in the control variant.

Analyzing data on the quality of soybean, we can conclude that the use of isotropin with multicomponent fertilizer Bioplant flora leads to an increase in the content of protein and oil.

Improving the yield and quality of soybean due to stimulation of the formation of nodules on the root system of plants. Thus, when processing of seeds rizotorfina and multicomponent fertilizer Bioplant flora" is the increase in the number of nodules and 30.4 13.2% compared to variants with separate their application.

Table 2
Protein, %The oil content, %
Option
The control (background)38,918,20
OS Bioplant flora43,419,42
Background + OS Bioplant florato 49.319,90
B1 NC43,618,06
B2 NC44,118,47
B3 NC44,018,64
Background + water NC40,517,80
Background + B1 NC45,318,13
Background + B2 NC46,218,93
Background + B3 NC46,419,13
B1 NC42,8 18,25
B2 NC43,719,29
B3 NC43,919,32
Background + water NC40,618,10
Background + B1 NC44,5is 18.40
Background + B2 NC45,219,64
Background + B3 NC45,519,51

Table 3
The number of nodules and their mass resulting from the use of Bioplant flora and restartin
The number of nodules PCs/m2The nodule mass, g/m2
Option
The control (background)62224,0
OS Bioplant flora5402,2
Background + OS Bioplant flora68930,7
B1 NC50318,5
B2 NC51519,3
B3 NC52719,5
Background + water NC62824,2
Background + B1 NC69331,6
Background + B2 NC70432,5
Background + B3 NC70032,1
B1 NC49216,9
B2 NC50117,8
B3 NC51118,6
Background + water NC62523,8
Background + B1 NC66426,7
Background + B2 NC68229,3
Background + B3 NC67728,5

The method of cultivation of soybean using multicomponent fertilizers Bioplant flora, including pre-sowing seed treatment with rizotorfina, characterized in that the pre-sowing treatment rizotorfina carried out in a mixture of multicomponent fertilizer Bioplant flora" in a dose of 1 l/t, and foliar nutrition of plants spend multicomponent fertilizer Bioplant flora" in phase 4-5 leaves and the end of bababrownie dose of 0.25-1 l/ha



 

Same patents:

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The method of obtaining liquid mineral fertiliser based on industrial waste water from production of nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium fertilisers (NPK), which is characterised by that the industrial waste water is analysed and its composition is determined; the amount of substances ZnSO47H2O; MnSO47H2O; H3BO3; CuSO45H2O; (NH4)2MoO4; FeSO47H2O; Ca(H2PO4)2; MgCl2; KNO3 is determined, wherein when preparing the solution of the liquid mineral fertiliser, the substances are weighed, each is separately dissolved in a small amount of waste water; 200-300 ml of waste water is then poured into a 1 litre vessel and the prepared solutions are added successively while stirring; further, more waste water is added until obtaining a volume of 1 litre and then packaged; pH of the obtained liquid mineral fertiliser is in the range of 5.5-6; when watering plants, 50 ml of the fertiliser is dissolved in 1 litre of water.

EFFECT: invention ensures wasteless production, enables to recycle waste water, obtain liquid mineral fertiliser therefrom and use said fertiliser to grow plants in open and closed fields, as well as using hydroponic and ionitoponic methods.

2 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The method of producing granular oranomineral nano-fertilisers, which involves mixing dry starting mineral components selected from: carbamide, ammophos, diammonium phosphate, ammonium nitrate, superphosphate, double superphosphate, ammonium sulphate, potassium chloride, potassium sulphate, potash, ground phosphorite; mineral components containing trace elements: Mg, B, Mn, Zn, Cu, Ni, Co, Cr, Mo; and an organic component selected from humic substances, wherein dynamic conditions in the moulding zone - thermobaric conditions in a rotary pelleting press: pressure of 20-35 MPa and temperature of 100-125C, lead to mechanical and chemical processes to form nano-sized complexes of humic substances with mineral components of the mixture, having growth stimulant properties, prolonged action and high biological activity.

EFFECT: invention enables to obtain granular organomineral nano-fertilisers using an energy-saving, single-step wasteless technique, wherein the granules have excellent mechanical properties, do not clump, are nonhygroscopic; the activated humic complexes encapsulated into the granules do not aggregate and do not lose biological efficiency during storage.

5 cl, 7 dwg, 7 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to chemical industry and specifically to processing phosphogypsum, a large-tonnage waste from phosphoric acid production, and can be used to produce compound mineral fertilisers. The first version of the invention involves mixing phosphogypsum and a by-product of production of carbamide, II degree distillation ammonium carbonate salts, which are first saturated via a carbonisation reaction; components are mixed in weight ratio of 1:0.705 at temperature of 55C and pH of the solution is brought to 7. The second version of the invention involves mixing phosphogypsum and 80% ammonium nitrate solution before the evaporation step in weight ratio 1:1.176 at temperature not higher than 62C and pH of the solution is brought to 7. The third version of the invention involves mixing phosphogypsum and a by-product of soda production, ammonium chloride solution in weight ratio 1:0.78 at temperature not higher than 62C and pH of the solution is brought to 7. The fourth version of the invention involves mixing phosphogypsum, ammonium nitrate, phosphoric acid and ammonia water in weight ratio 1:0.588:0.180:0.128 at temperature of 60-80C and pH of the solution is brought to 7.

EFFECT: use of any of the versions of the invention enables to obtain a nutrient-rich nitrogen-phosphorus-sulphate fertiliser from phosphogypsum, which is used as a ready liquid compound fertiliser or is processed to obtain granules or is fed into an additional mixer-reactor for mixing with other mineral fertilisers in order to increase the amount of nutrients.

8 cl, 5 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to chemical industry and specifically to processing phosphogypsum, a large-tonnage waste from phosphoric acid production, and can be used to produce compound mineral fertilisers. The first version of the invention involves mixing phosphogypsum and a by-product of production of carbamide, II degree distillation ammonium carbonate salts, which are first saturated via a carbonisation reaction; components are mixed in weight ratio of 1:0.705 at temperature of 55C and pH of the solution is brought to 7. The second version of the invention involves mixing phosphogypsum and 80% ammonium nitrate solution before the evaporation step in weight ratio 1:1.176 at temperature not higher than 62C and pH of the solution is brought to 7. The third version of the invention involves mixing phosphogypsum and a by-product of soda production, ammonium chloride solution in weight ratio 1:0.78 at temperature not higher than 62C and pH of the solution is brought to 7. The fourth version of the invention involves mixing phosphogypsum, ammonium nitrate, phosphoric acid and ammonia water in weight ratio 1:0.588:0.180:0.128 at temperature of 60-80C and pH of the solution is brought to 7.

EFFECT: use of any of the versions of the invention enables to obtain a nutrient-rich nitrogen-phosphorus-sulphate fertiliser from phosphogypsum, which is used as a ready liquid compound fertiliser or is processed to obtain granules or is fed into an additional mixer-reactor for mixing with other mineral fertilisers in order to increase the amount of nutrients.

8 cl, 5 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The method of producing fertiliser from lignocellulose material, which involves treatment of starting material by crushing with simultaneous exposure to heat and pressure of 3-50 MPa, wherein treatment is carried out in a mixer with shearing stress of 0.03-3 N/mm2 at temperature 130-150C in the presence of lime Ca(OH)2, which is fed in amount of 2-10% of absolutely dry lignocellulose material and at least one layer in amount of 3-10% of absolutely lignocellulose material, with moisture content of the lignocellulose material not less than 20%, wherein the lignocellulose material used is bulrush and/or grass and/or straw and/or sawdust and/or peat.

EFFECT: invention enables to obtain organomineral fertiliser with different content of humic substances and widens the raw material base.

4 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: method involves mixing ground phosphorite with fine elementary sulphur in weight ratio (ground phosphorite: fine elementary sulphur) ranging from 6:1 to 4:1 and urea phosphate in weight ratio to ground phosphorite ranging from 1:0.8 to 1:8.5. The mixture then undergoes granulation by pressing. Before mixing with other components, the ground phosphorite is treated with humate in amount of 0.1-1.0 wt %. Temperature during granulation ranges from 30 to 70C.

EFFECT: invention enables to obtain fertiliser which vegeto-synchronously provides plants with nutrient elements, with increase in effectiveness thereof while widening the raw material base.

3 cl, 2 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the technology of producing compound NPK fertiliser for sugar beet and can be used in agriculture. The granular compound fertiliser contains potassium chloride, sodium chloride and an additive. The additive used is ammonium phosphate and ammonium sulphate. The fertiliser components are in the following ratio in wt %: sodium chloride 5-8, potassium chloride 24-26, ammonium phosphate 23-24, moisture 0.8-1.2, ammonium sulphate - the rest.

EFFECT: method increases yield and sugar content of sugar beet.

1 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of nitrogen-phosphorus fertilisers of the ammonium-phosphate-sulphate type. The method involves preliminary neutralisation of phosphoric acid with ammonia, followed by mixing ammonium phosphate pulp with sulphuric acid to obtain ammonium phosphate and ammonium sulphate pulp, granulating the latter and drying. Preliminary neutralisation of concentrated phosphoric acid with ammonia is carried out in a reactor-mixer. Subsequent mixing of ammonium phosphate pulp with sulphuric acid is carried out in a pipe reactor while simultaneously feeding ammonia into the reactor. Wet-process phosphoric acid with P2O5 content of 35-40% is used. Ammonium phosphate, sulphuric acid and ammonia are fed into the pipe reactor in such a way that the effect of sulphuric acid on the walls of the reactor is minimised. Ammonium phosphate and ammonium sulphate pulp is sprayed onto a recycle layer mixed with phosphogypsum in an ammoniator-granulator where liquid ammonia is fed until complete neutralisation of the pulp. Drying is carried out in a drum drier.

EFFECT: invention increases efficiency of the process of producing fertiliser, increases content of nutrients in the fertiliser, enables utilisation of heat of neutralisation of sulphuric acid with ammonia to evaporate moisture of the pulp, and minimises the aggressive effect of sulphuric acid on equipment.

4 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex, 1 dwg

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of complex mineral fertiliser containing other nutrients besides nitrogen and phosphorus. The method involves premixing phosphoric acid and ammonia, followed by mixing the obtained ammonium phosphate pulp with sulphuric acid and ammonia, adding a potassium-containing additive, granulating and drying the product. Premixing concentrated phosphoric acid and ammonia is carried out in a reactor-mixer. Subsequent mixture of ammonium phosphate pulp with sulphuric acid and ammonia is carried out in a tubular reactor. The ammonium phosphate pulp and ammonium phosphate are sprayed onto a recycle mixture, potassium chloride and carbamide in an ammoniator-granulator.

EFFECT: invention increases efficiency of the process of producing fertiliser, increases content of nutrients in the fertiliser, enables utilisation of heat of neutralisation of sulphuric acid with ammonia to evaporate moisture and pulp, minimises aggressive effect of sulphuric acid on equipment.

1 dwg, 1 ex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. Organic-mineral complex contains an organic substance, chalk, a phosphorite flour, a mineral fertiliser. The organic substance it contains is flax boon at the following ratio of components, wt %, by dry substance: flax boon - 96.43-98.94, chalk - 0.25-0.75, phosphorite flour - 0.20-1.00, mineral fertiliser - 0.61-1.82. The mineral fertiliser is ammonium nitrate, potassium nitrate and copper sulfate, 5-hydrate, at the wt % ratio accordingly of: 0.3-0.8:0.3-1.0:0.01-0.02.

EFFECT: application of organic-mineral complex makes it possible to increase crop capacity of plants, to expand assortment of fertile mixtures and to recycle flax production wastes.

2 cl, 4 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The method of treating organic wastes using vermiculture with Eisenia fetida earthworms, wherein a strain of Trichoderma asperellum MG-97 (VKPM F-765) in form of spores or mycelium or a preparation of trichodermin M are simultaneously added with the earthworms to the starting substrate in amount of 105-106 CFU/kg of the starting substrate.

EFFECT: invention improves quality of the obtained product, which lies in that the biopreparation has improved fungicidal and plant growth stimulation properties, as well as shorter period of treating organic wastes and high output of earthworm biomass.

12 tbl, 9 ex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: bacterial fertiliser contains a humin-containing base, a bacterial additive and dry alkali. As a humin-containing base, peat or brown coal is used, or a mixture of peat and brown coal. Bacterial additive is a dry culture of bacteria Bacillus subtilis, or a mixture of bacteria Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus licheniformis. Components are taken at a specific ratio.

EFFECT: implementation of the invention enables to increase the shelf life of the fertiliser, provides convenience of storage, packaging and transportation of the fertiliser, while maintaining and improving the useful characteristics of fertilisers.

4 tbl, 5 ex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: bacterial strain Azotobacter chroococcum 5 V(e) is selected from light-grey forest soil of village Raifa of Zelenodolsk district of the Republic of Tatarstan and is deposited in RNCIM under the number B-10387. The strain synthesizes vitamins of group B and indolyl-3-acetic acid. The strain has nitrogen-fixing activity 515.7 nM N2/mlh.

EFFECT: invention enables to increase yield of grain and forage crop.

13 tbl, 4 ex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. Fertiliser-pesticide mixture for cereal crops contains liquid nitrogen fertilisers (UAN-32), water, cowboy super and kinmix with the following component ratio, wt %: (UAN-32) - 30.0-40.0; cowboy super - 0.11-0.20; kinmix - 0.2-0.5, water is the rest up to 100.

EFFECT: invention enables to reduce the rate of application of herbicide, to reduce the pesticide load on the environment.

2 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The fertiliser-herbicide mixture for grain crops contains avrotex, water and liquid nitrogen fertilisers KAS-32, with the following ratio of components, wt %: KAS-32 - 30.0-40.0, avrotex - 0.38-0.60, water - the balance up to 100.

EFFECT: invention cuts the avrotex application rate by 25% of the minimum recommended by increasing its biological efficiency due to synergy of initial components, cutting operating costs and labour costs when growing grain crops by 60% by combining operations for protecting plants and foliar dressing of grain crops, and the pesticide load on the environment.

2 ex, 2 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: strain of Sphingobacterium multivorum RNCIM B-10385 is proposed, used to obtain a bacterial fertiliser for tomatoes and cucumbers.

EFFECT: strain Sphingobacterium multivorum RNCIM B-10385 enables to reduce the content of nitrate nitrogen in fruits of cucumbers and tomatoes, while increasing the productivity of a vegetable crop.

1 tbl, 6 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture. The method of producing microbial organomineral fertiliser from humus-containing substances through preliminary mixing of humus-containing substances and a liquid medium, stirring with subsequent extraction of an aqueous extract, wherein the humus-containing substances are mixed with a liquid culturing medium containing living cultures of microorganisms in active form and metabolites thereof, having titre from 1104 CFU to 11010 CFU; the humus-containing substances are mixed with the liquid culture medium in percentage ratio from 0.5% to 99.5% humus-containing substances, the liquid culture medium being the balance; fermentation is carried out while stirring and/or aerating until achieving overall titre of microorganisms from 1108 to 11010 CFU; further, a preservative with bacteriostat properties is added to the obtained mass in concentration from 1 g to 500 g dry preparation or liquid preparation in terms of dry substance per litre of the mass; the obtained mass is filtered, squeezed and the obtained solution is normalised.

EFFECT: invention enables to obtain a novel preparation with improved growth-stimulating, immunomodulating, protective and curing properties.

12 cl, 2 ex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method involves mixing of sugar beet pulp and a defecate by their distribution on the surface of the soil at a ratio of (1-2):(1-1.5), providing pH of the resulting mixture of 6.8-7.0, in an amount of 12-20 t/ha, then the processing of the mixture by the culture Trichoderma viride, strain 98 or 838, with the norm of the introduction of 5 l/ha and uniform embedding in the soil to a depth of 7-10 cm.

EFFECT: creation of a favorable phytosanitary condition and increase of soil fertility in beet-seed crop rotation.

2 cl, 5 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to biotechnology and specifically to methods of recycling household wastes. The method involves removing inorganic impurities, grinding, mixing wastes with an organic additive containing a culture of microorganisms and composting to obtain organic fertiliser. The organic additive used is compost based on poultry droppings, which is taken in amount of 300-500 kg per ton of wastes, and microbial strains Bacillus subtilis B-168, Bacillus mycoides B-691, Streptomyces sp. Ac-154, Mukor psychrophilus F-1441, Candida utilis Y-2441 in amount of 1106-1107 cells per millilitre per ton of poultry droppings.

EFFECT: simple process and low cost of processing household wastes.

1 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ecology and can be used in recycling wastewater sludge formed at city aeration stations. The method involves mixing wastewater sludge with storage life of less than 3 years with turf in volume ratio of 0.5:0.5 or 0.6:0.4, respectively. The obtained mixture undergoes aerobic composting in the presence of a biological activator in amount of not less than 15% of the volume of the compost mixture. The biological activator used in the compost mass is inoculating compost based on poultry droppings and microbial strains Bacillus subtilis B-168, Bacillus mycoides B-691, Streptomyces sp. Ac-154, Mukor psychrophilus F-1441, Candida utilis Y-2441 in amount of 1106-1107 cells per millilitre per ton of poultry droppings.

EFFECT: shorter composting time.

1 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: medicine, pharmaceutics.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to biotechnology, veterinary science and plant protection. The bacterial strain Bacillus subtilis IC-1435-1-1 is deposited in the Russian National Collection of Industrial Microorganisms, registration number B-10641. The bacterial strain Bacillus amyloliquefaciens IC-1436-1-23 is deposited in the Russian National Collection of Industrial Microorganisms, registration number B-10642. The bacterial strain Bacillus amyloliquefaciens IC-1437-1-23 is deposited in the Russian National Collection of Industrial Microorganisms, registration number B-10643. The strains are produced by selection and promote the recovery of microbiocenoses in the soil and animals gastrointestinal tract, possess bactericidal, fungicidal and virucidal activity. A preparation on the basis of the strains contains an excipient or water with a bacterial biomass in the spore form Bacillus subtilis, the Russian National Collection of Industrial Microorganisms B-10641, or Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, the Russian National Collection of Industrial Microorganisms B-10642, or Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, the Russian National Collection of Industrial Microorganisms B-10643, or a mixture thereof in ratio 1:1:1 with titre of each bacterial strain not less than 1104 CFU/g or 1104 CFU/ml.

EFFECT: preparation possess bactericidal and fungicidal activity.

7 cl, 9 dwg, 12 tbl, 10 ex

Up!