Mobile subsurface humidifier of local irrigation

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural reclamation, in particular to subsurface irrigation. The humidifier comprises a water-supplying container (1), the main subsurface injector (6), and flexible water-supply hoses (12). The main subsurface injector (6) is made with a perforated lower part (10) and a mesh filter (9). The water-supplying container (1) is made removable, is equipped with a threaded connection (5), a mesh filter (3) and a shut-off valve (4). The humidifier is equipped with additional subsurface injectors (11) to provide uniform saturation with water throughout the root zone area.

EFFECT: design enables to improve the efficiency of delivery of soluble fertilisers, to avoid water loss through evaporation, and create favorable air conditions in the soil.

3 cl, 2 dwg

 

The invention relates to agricultural irrigation and can be used in the framework of soil moisture directly to the root area of the plants to ensure cost optimization of water resources, maintenance of the required temperature regime moisture to the root zone, improving the efficiency of delivery of the required spectrum soluble fertilizer, as well as eliminate the possibility of water losses due to evaporation, which in turn prevents the formation of salt crusts on the surface of the earth and creates a favorable air in the soil.

Known dropper, including mounted in the hole of the humidifier housing and mounted therein regulatory element made in the form of a float valve with one upper locking needle in the form of a pyramid on the top surface of the valve and oriented opposite to him a shut-off needle at the bottom part thereof, mating in the initial position of the float valve with outlet openings in the housing of the humidifier and the humidifier has the form of a U-shaped knees, the inner surface each provided with a labyrinth of channels in the form of alternating non-intersecting ridges and troughs, with U-shaped knee is formed by combining parts of the core of permeable material placed in the cavity injector (EN, paten the No. 2214087, IPC A01G 25/02. 2003)

The lack of a dropper is a low degree of operational reliability due to clogging of the holes of the permeable material and the complexity of the design.

The closest technical solution is a device for sub-surface irrigation, including perforated humidifier, characterized in that the humidifier use plastic tube with holes in the bottom, covered with a filter, and a hollow conical tip at the end, with plastic tube installed vertically in place of root mass of plants and serves as a base to which is attached the stem of the plant, the water in it comes from the droppings, which are mounted on a flexible water supply hose (RU, patent No. 2384049, IPC A01G 25/00, 2010).

The disadvantage of this device for sub-surface irrigation is the inability of the temperature control fluid flowing in the root area of the plants, and the low degree of mobility, certain that the water in the device can only come directly from IV, fixed on the distribution pipeline.

The technical result achieved by the present invention is the optimization of costs of water resources, maintaining the desired temperature of the moisture regime of root words is, improving the efficiency of delivery of the required spectrum soluble fertilizer, eliminating water losses due to evaporation, the prevention of the formation of salt crusts on the surface of the earth and the creation of favorable air in the soil. This technical result is achieved by the fact that mobile subsurface humidifier local irrigation (hereinafter "Humidifier") made of removable vodopada capacity, soil injectors with mesh filters and flexible water supply hoses.

Figure 1 - "Humidifier" (General view), figure 2 - shows the "Humidifier" (in the plan).

The Humidifier consists of a removable vodopada capacity (1)with hatch access (2), strainer (3), shutoff valve (4) and the screw connection (5) with the main subsurface injector (6)with vodorazdelny device (7), the reference fifth (8), strainer (9), removable tapered tip (15), perforated in the lower part (10), as well as additional injectors (11), perforated in the lower part (10), with mesh filters (9), a removable tapered tip (15) and a flexible water hose (12).

"Humidifier" works as follows. The injectors (6 and 11) are immersed in the prepared soil (14) holes within the perimeter of the root region (13) plants (16). In order to improve the surveillance process of immersion into the soil and ensure the sustainability of the injector (6) is provided with a fifth reference (8), based on the earth's surface. To reduce the resistance encountered when diving into the soil, the injectors (6 and 11) is provided with a removable tapered tip (15), which are connected at threaded connection and have a larger diameter than the injectors that allows you to loosen the soil when submerged, to reduce zabyvaemo the water outlet holes and to improve the conditions of removal of the plugging of the internal cavities of the injectors. Next to the injector (6) is attached vodopada capacity (1) by means of a threaded connection (5), which is made removable in order to facilitate installation of the structure. When reaching under the influence of solar radiation, the temperature of the water necessary to hydrate the root region, removable vodopada capacity (1) open the stop valve (4) and water, profiliavimas in mesh filter (3), enters the main subsurface injector (6) and through vodorazdelny device (7) for flexible water supply hoses in additional subsurface injector (11)located inside the perimeter of the root region (13) to ensure the most uniform moisture throughout its volume. Then through the perforation made in the lower part of the injector (10), and strainers (9)designed to prevent soil from entering the injectors and siltation, water enters cornea itemyou region (13), evenly wetting the entire volume.

The consequence of this scheme of work "Humidifier" is to reduce the costs of water resources, the stability of the desired temperature regime moisture to the root zone, the efficiency of the delivery of the required spectrum soluble fertilizer, eliminating water losses due to evaporation, which prevents the formation of salt crusts on the surface of the earth and, consequently, the creation of favorable air in the soil.

1. Mobile subsurface humidifier local irrigation, including vatopediou capacity, the main subsurface injector with a perforated bottom and a mesh filter, and a flexible water hoses, characterized in that vodopada capacity are removable, equipped with threaded joint, strainer and shutoff valve, in addition, the humidifier is provided with an additional subsurface by injectors to ensure even saturation of the water the entire root area.

2. The humidifier according to claim 1, characterized in that the main subsurface injector equipped with vodorazdelny device and a fifth reference for improving the process of immersion into the soil and ensure the stability of the structure.

3. The humidifier according to claim 1, characterized in that the primary and supplemental injectors are fitted with a plug to usname tips, having a larger diameter.



 

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FIELD: agriculture.

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FIELD: agriculture.

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EFFECT: increased efficiency in producing of finely dispersed uniform spray, simplified construction and enhanced reliability in operation.

3 dwg

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