Device and method for making ice blocks and ice blocks proportioner

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: at least, one mould makes closed space to accommodate ice column. Said mould comprises two half-moulds displacing relative to each other after formation of ice column. This invention relates also to method of making ice blocks comprises the steps a) feeding fluid into mould, b) freezing fluid therein, c) removing ice block therefrom. Note here that fluid is fed at step a) into mould having, at least, closed space.

EFFECT: making ice blocks in great quantity.

9 cl, 5 dwg

 

The present invention, in accordance with the first aspect, relates to a device for making ice cubes containing feed device for feeding the liquid substance in the at least one elongated shape and a cooling device for freezing mentioned liquid substance, and mentioned at least one form forms a space for post ice, which is at least essentially closed, at least until mentioned liquid substance is cooled. Used in this document, the term "ice" refers to the frozen substance. This term is not limited to only frozen water or frozen liquid, but also includes frozen liquid substances, such as foods, such as mashed potatoes. For brevity, the term "ice" is used herein to denote multiple frozen substances.

US 2900803 And describes the fridge, which is equipped with such a device in his door. The refrigerator door includes a cavity with four tubes. This cavity is surrounded by a continuous freezing coil that is in contact with the wall of the cavity. The top tube can be filled with water, which can be removed from the tubes at their lower end, in the form of ice after freezing. Although the mentioned device suitable for use is in the fridge it is unsuitable for the manufacture of relatively large quantities of ice cubes.

Therefore, the aim of the present invention, in accordance with its first aspect, is a device referred to in the introductory part, with which you can make ice cubes in large quantities than is possible with known devices. This goal is achieved by the present invention in which the aforementioned at least one form contains two mold halves, which are capable of moving relative to each other so that the mold halves can be removed from each other, formed when a column of ice. As a result, the pillar of ice can be easily removed from the mold by moving the above-mentioned half-form, which are capable of moving relative to each other, away from the pillar of ice. In particular, if the form includes a heating means for separating the pillar of ice from the half-form through melting, thus, it is possible to quickly remove ice from the mold and you can start the next production cycle.

The known device for making ice cubes contains elongated shape, which extend horizontally and which has ribs on the lower part so as to form a matrix for forming ice cubes. The feeding device has an injection device to the / establishment, which injects the cooled water to the open bottom of the form, then the water on the bottom of the form freezes. Thus, at the bottom of the form grows ice mass, which divides the said ribs on the ice cubes. Then the ice cubes separated from the form and Packed for storage and transport, for example, on dining.

A disadvantage of the known device is its limited performance because the growth of ice cubes is very slow, and at every boot can be made with only one layer of ice cubes.

From US 2004/0093878 A1 is known a device for making ice, which contains two sections for the manufacture of ice, equipped with cameras for the manufacture of a column of ice, which pass through the cooling pipe. Camera for making ice are open at the front. Cooling water is injected into the chamber through the open front side of the through hole, respectively, which turns into an ice cube in the cooling effect of the cooling pipes in the back of the camera. In JP-10-197114 A and JP 2003-130513 As described devices based cameras, which are open on one side, in which water is injected.

In a preferred embodiment, the present invention provides a cooling means containing a liquid substance, chilled and frozen using mentioned, less is th least one form. In the liquid substance is cooled and frozen directly in a form that provides relatively high performance.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention mentioned above, at least one form includes a heating means for separating the received column of ice through melting.

To ensure the production of more than one ice cube in each form, preferably, if the mentioned at least one form of many forms of interconnected cavities for the formation of the elongated pole ice interconnected ice cubes. Because the ice cubes are interconnected in some way determined by the configuration form, you can package and guide effective way. The relationship between ice cubes can vary from minimal connection to connection over the entire area of abutting surfaces so that it actually turns elongated pole, in which the individual ice cubes can not be separated. In fact, from this post you can split or cut the ice cubes having an adjustable length.

Therefore, the shape can have a continuous inner surface with formation of a rod of ice, which can then be divided into individual ice cubes, however, predpochtitel is about, if the form contains areas with a reduced diameter so as to form areas of reduced diameter in a slender pillar of ice between adjacent ice cubes. The result is to separate separate the ice cubes from each other during subsequent use of the ice cubes will be easier than in the case of a continuous form, as described in the beginning of this paragraph.

In an alternative preferred embodiment of the present invention mentioned above, at least one form of many forms of separate cavities for the formation of a column of ice from many individual ice cubes. The advantage of this is that the ice cubes don't want to separate from each other at a later stage, at least, if to prevent freezing of ice cubes to each other during subsequent storage.

In a preferred embodiment, the present invention provides a mixing means for mixing the liquids until it is frozen in said at least one elongated form. Mentioned mixing means may include a vibrating device that provides forced vibration mentioned at least one form, and possibly other parts of the device during the process of freezing. Mixing means m which can be (partially) located within the form, for example, in the form of a mixer or rod-like element, which moves within the form until the liquid is frozen. The advantage of this is that the clear liquid will freeze in a transparent ice cube. If the liquid is not mixed, the process of freezing is formed opaque ice cube.

For the formation of a cavity in the ice cubes preferably, if the elongated element extends through the aforementioned at least one shape in the longitudinal direction of the mentioned at least one form, around the element the ice cubes are formed in the form. It may be desirable to form a cavity in the ice cubes, for example, to ensure manipulate the ice cubes at a later stage and/or increase the cooling area of the ice cubes. Elongated element may be a mixing element.

However, preferably, if the elongated element includes a heating means. Mentioned heating tool also allows you to quickly separate the pillar of ice from the elongated member by melting, for example, by first warming up the form, then remove from half-form of the pillar of ice and then heating the elongated element so that the pillar of ice can slide along the elongated element in the package. If the elongated element contains about lagausie means, you can also cool the water in the form of using the aforementioned elongated element to freeze the water even faster.

Mentioned in at least one form, preferably oriented essentially vertically. The advantage of this is that when the ice cubes must be removed from the form, for example, by removing the semi-molds from each other, as described above, the pillar of ice or individual ice cubes can fall straight down into the packaging, and in the case in which there is described above the elongated element referred elongated element can function as a guide for post ice or ice cubes.

To further increase performance, it is preferable if the device contains a number of forms, located on the same line, while also preferably, if the device contains a number of forms, which are arranged in a matrix relative to each other. Thus, it is a relatively compact device for making ice cubes with high performance.

Preferably also, if provided for moving the means for placing the vessel under the said at least one form for collecting ice cubes formed in this device. Thus, the ice cubes can be Packed accurate and efficient way,it is possible to mechanize and/or to automate the process of production, so that manual operation is not required. This allows you to not only work effectively, but also hygienic.

Preferably also, if provided by the means for pre-cooling pre-cooling the liquid substance supplied in the above-mentioned at least one form. Generally speaking, it can be noted that the colder the liquid substance supplied in the above-mentioned at least one form, the quicker mentioned liquid substance can be turned into ice by means of additional cooling in the form and the faster it can be completed the production cycle. It also provides improved performance of the device.

The present invention, in accordance with the second aspect, relates to a method of making ice cubes, comprising the steps of flow of the liquid substance in the form of freezing of the liquid substance in the form and delete educated so of ice cubes from the mold. This method is known and described above with reference to the known device for making ice cubes. When using the method in accordance with the present invention for solving the problem of providing higher performance, at the above-mentioned first stage liquid substance is injected into a mold containing at least essentially closed space. For the preferred variant is now implementing the method in accordance with the second aspect of the present invention reference is made to the description of the device in accordance with the first aspect of the present invention.

The present invention, in accordance with the third aspect, relates to dispenser for ice cubes, containing the capacity for ice cubes and siteplease tool to engage the ice cube and placing it in a container for drinking.

Such a device is known in the system of public catering enterprises and has a reservoir for storing ice cubes and tongs, with which the bartender can capture the ice cubes from the storage containers and then put them into a glass. The disadvantage of this device lies in the fact that the bartender can easily get the contents of the tank to store not only the above-mentioned jaws, but also with his hand. Often the tongs remain intact in storage containers, if they are placed in containers for storage, and the bartender pulls out the ice cubes in his hand. It is unhygienic and, in fact, the ice cubes in the tank for storing frequently continuously exposed to ambient air in the bar. If the cover is for storage containers generally available, in most cases it is not used.

There are also devices in which ice cubes may fall into the glass from the storage tanks through the outlet with valve. However, when using such a device is difficult to measure the amount of ice. In addition, su is basically the risk the ice cubes will be stuck in front of or in the outlet and block the outlet.

Therefore, the aim of the present invention, in accordance with a third aspect is the creation of a dosing device for ice cubes, in which the risk of unhygienic work is minimum and which can be proper dispensing operation. This goal is accomplished by the present invention which provides a dosing means for dosing one or more ice cubes, designed to be placed in the tank for drinking by mechanical means. You must understand that the term "mechanical" means that siteplease means is actuated by mechanical means, in contrast to the known device, in which the tongs are moved to the storage tank by hand and compacted by hand to capture one or more pieces of ice. When using the device in accordance with a third aspect of the present invention, the storage capacity must be available outside to eject the ice cubes, the ice cubes can just get caught in a closed vessel mechanical SitePlayer means and directed into the tank for drinking through the outlet. Thus, it is possible to prevent the ice cubes from the continuous impacts is via the ambient air in the bar.

However, preferably, if the metering means includes siteplease element to engage at least one ice cube. Use SitePlayer element simplifies dispensing certain number place of ice cubes.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention the metering means includes a protrusion for entering into the cavity, at least one ice cube for directions mentioned at least one ice cube from said container in a direction capacity for drinking. Cavity, for example a through hole in the ice cube makes it relatively easy to Orient and move the ice cube.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention the metering means is arranged to separate one or more ice cubes from the post of interconnected ice cubes. The ice cubes in a pillar of ice cubes are oriented in a certain way relative to each other. When the pillar of ice in accordance with the first aspect of the present invention is stored in the tank, the ice cubes can be placed in a container for drinking from the above post ice simple and dosed method.

To change the number of ice cubes placed in a container for drinking, depending on conditions, such as the desires of the owner of the catering company or t is mperature outside air, preferably, if provided specifies the means for determining the number of ice cubes placed in a container for drinking.

To ensure engagement of ice cubes as needed preferably, if the container is made with the possibility of placing ice cubes in the tank in the desired orientation for the metering means. It is possible, for example, through the implementation of capacity so that the pillars of ice can be placed in the tank beside and/or behind each other.

Below the present invention will be described in more detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, which show embodiments of devices in accordance with the present invention.

Figure 1 is a schematic perspective view of the form for the post of ice in accordance with the present invention in its open position;

Figure 2 is a schematic view in section of the form shown in figure 1, in the closed position;

Figure 3 is a schematic view in section of the matrix forms in the open position;

Figure 4 is a schematic view in section of the dispenser of ice in accordance with the present invention; and

Figure 5 is a side view of the conveyor for ice in the dispenser in accordance with the present invention.

With reference to figure 1, shows the form 1 for the manufacture of kubiko the ice. Form 1 contains two mold halves 1A, 1b, which are capable of moving relative to each other in the directions indicated by the arrow R, and the tube 2 with the 3 charms. Each proforma 1A, 1b contains plate 4 and the number of elements 5 form located one above the other.

Figure 2 is a view in section of the node 6 of the three forms 6A, 6b, 6C in accordance with the principle illustrated in figure 1, which is formed of U-shaped sections 7 and H-shaped sections 8, through which the tube 9.

Figure 3 depicts a matrix form 10 containing nine forms in accordance with the principle illustrated in figure 1, which is formed from the separation of the elements 11, 12, through which the tube 13.

Figure 4 is a schematic side view in longitudinal section of the dispenser 30 of ice containing the rack 31, which has a space 32 for storage of 36 cubes of ice containing the conveyor 33. The conveyor 33 continues until the outlet 34, which opens above the platform 35.

Figure 5 is a detailed view of 36 cubes of ice stored in the space 32 for storage, shown in figure 4, above the conveyor 33, containing a chain 37 with the tabs 38, which skipped over chain wheels 39, and one of the chain wheels can be set in rotation to actuate, in turn, the chain 37.

Referring nafig, shows the form 1 for production of ice cubes. Form 1 contains two mold halves 1A, 1b, which are able to move closer to each other and away from each other, in the directions indicated by the arrow R. In figure 1, the mold halves 1A, 1b are shown in the position in which they are maximally separated from each other. Each of the half-form 1A, 1b includes a plate 4, which contains elements 5 forms, one above the other. In this example, the 5 elements of shape are rectangular in shape, containing a semicircular recess with education space for the tube 2. In the position in which the mold halves 1A, 1b are connected together (see figure 2), two opposite element 5 forms form a space for ice cube. Form elements can be designed in such a way as to be interchangeable, allowing you to use form elements having different shapes, in the device in accordance with the present invention. Tube 2, which is suspended from a suspension system 3, continues vertically between the two half-form 1A, 1b.

Figure 2 is a view in section of the node 6 of these forms 6A, 6b, 6C in accordance with the principle described with reference to figure 1. Figure 2 forms 6A, 6b, 6C are essentially closed, i.e. the mold halves joined together, thus forming a single, essentially, a closed space around the respective tubes 9. the and 2 of the mold halves are formed of U-shaped sections 7 on the outer side and N-shaped sections 8 in the center of the node 6. In this embodiment, the average tube 9 remains stationary. N-shaped sections 8 are able to move away from the middle of the tube 9 and the outer tube 9 can, in turn, to move in the outer direction, further away from the N-shaped sections 8. U-shaped section 7 is able to move further outward relative to the outer tube 9. Thus, there is adequate space around all of the tubes 9 to remove the pillars of ice formed on forms 6A, 6b, 6C.

Figure 3 depicts a matrix form 10 containing forms in accordance with the principle illustrated in figure 1, with the separation elements 11 on the outer edges and separating elements 12 in the center of the matrix form. The principle of operation of the matrix form 10 corresponds to the principle of the form shown in figure 2. Figure 3 separation elements 11, 12 are shown spaced apart, as in figure 1. As shown in this drawing, the distance between the tubes is greater than 2.

For making pillars of ice using a matrix of the form shown in figure 3, forms essentially closed by joining the separation of the elements 11 and 12 together, i.e. the separation of the elements to the left of the middle column of tubes 13 are moved as far right as possible, and the separating elements 11, 12 to the right of the middle column of tubes maximum shifted left. Tube 9 remain oriented approximately in the center between the separating elements. Then water with a temperature close to the freezing temperature, is introduced into shape with the upper side of each form. Forms are closed at the bottom, so they will fill with water. When the form is entered enough water separation elements 11, 12 are cooled, essentially, in a known manner, providing water freezing form. When the forms are formed the pillars of ice, separating the elements 11, 12 briefly heated, causing columns of ice will melt on their periphery, where they form a contact with the separating elements 11, 12, and spacer elements 11, 12 can be returned to the position shown in figure 3. Pillars of ice will remain in place because they had frozen to the tubes 13. Then the tube 13 is heated so that the pillars of ice will melt at their inner periphery and separated from the tube 13. Under the forms can be placed in the container for ice cubes so that the pillars of ice will fall right in the above capacity for their packaging for storage and transportation. Then separating elements 11, 12 can be joined together, and you can start the next production cycle. Thus, very efficient and relatively fast is made relatively large to the number of ice cubes.

Figure 4 is a schematic side view in section of the dispenser 30 to 36 cubes of ice. The dispenser 30 of ice contains the rack 31 to accommodate the space 32 for storage conveyor 33 placed at sufficient height to ensure penetration of 36 cubes of ice in a glass or similar container located on the platform 35, through the outlet 34. In the front Cabinet 31, i.e. on the side where the outlet 34 and the platform 35, there is a control panel (not shown) for an operator who can control the conveyor 33 by means of the aforementioned pad to move the required number of 36 cubes of ice into the exhaust hole 34. The space 32 for storage, preferably, an isolated and cooled to prevent melting of 36 cubes of ice in a closet for storage.

Figure 5 depicts the inner space 32 for storage, shown in figure 4. As shown in this drawing, under the pillars of 36 cubes of ice is a chain 37, passed over the chain wheels 39. At least one of the two chain wheels 39 may be operated by the operator by means of the aforementioned control panel to deliver the required quantity of 36 cubes of ice through the outlet 34. Circuit 37 contains the tabs 38, which are located on the circuit 37 at a distance of one about the other, moreover, this distance essentially equal to the distance between the Central axes of 36 cubes of ice. If the 36 cubes of ice formed, for example, using a form containing tubes (2, 9, 30), as shown in Fig.1-3, the pillars of 36 cubes of ice will be hollow. Due to their profile, 36 cubes of ice in the pole fused together on a very limited surface area. In the example shown in figure 5, 36 cubes of ice are also fused together in a horizontal direction, forming a jumper 40, which actually formed a single block of ice with essentially vertical intervals. In the space 32 for storing the above-mentioned block of ice is held at a certain vertical distance above the protrusions 38 on the upper side of the chain 37. When the space 32 for storage (again) filled, 36 cubes of ice in the lower part of the respective poles are oriented in a horizontal plane above the ledges 38. Then, the dispenser 30 is driven, and the block 36 cubes of ice is lowered by one notch. In the hollow space of the corresponding 36 cubes of ice will sit down on the tabs 38 on the upper side of the chain 37. Then the chain is driven in the direction indicated by the arrow a, in the direction to the outlet 34, in which the bottom row of ice cubes will move to the right, and the die 36 of ice will fall with the corresponding protrusion 38 on the right side every time when the protrusion 38 is moved by means of sprockets 39 vertically from the top position in a vertically lower position. Through the outlet 34 of the die 36 ice drops into a glass (not shown)which is placed on the platform 35. When all (in this case 9) the lowest ice cubes removed from the bottom of the ice block with the chain 37, provided with projections 38, the entire block of ice again falls on the same level, so that a new layer 36 of ice will sit down on the tabs 38. Circuit 37 can also be set in motion so that it moves at a distance of two or more pillars of ice, resulting in two or more ice cubes will fall into the glass through the outlet 34. In accordance with another possibility, the dosing two or more ice cubes and two or more conveyor are placed one after the other so that, for example, the conveyors can be operated in parallel, and two or more ice cubes can be delivered through the outlet 34.

The above illustrated and described only several embodiments of devices in accordance with the present invention. However, you must understand that neither this description nor these drawings do not limit the scope of the present invention, which is defined by the attached claims. Thus, it is possible, in the example, freeze in the form of other liquid or another liquid substance instead of water. This refers to non-alcoholic or alcoholic beverage. In the latter case, the freezing temperature will be lower than in the case of water or lemonade, but you can make a drink, adding exactly the right amount of alcoholic beverage with ice cubes. In addition, other substances, such as mashed potatoes, boiled and chopped vegetables, to which the binder may or may not be added for dilution, can be manufactured by using a device or method in accordance with the first two aspects of the present invention.

In the case of the third aspect of the invention can be used in a different orientation SitePlayer funds or ice cubes, for example, a horizontal orientation, or may be provided by other means to separate individual ice cubes. In addition, to ensure the grinding ice cubes outlet may be provided with a grate on which the falling ice cubes, and knives, which cut the ice cubes on the grid and move them through the holes in the lattice. Then crushed sufficiently, the ice will fall through the grate.

The above description may give the impression that this invention is limited by the ice cubes however, it is also possible, and other forms, for example, cylindrical or oval.

1. Device for making ice cubes containing feed device for feeding the liquid substance in the at least one elongated shape and a cooling device for freezing mentioned liquid substance, and mentioned at least one form forms a space for post ice, which is at least essentially closed, at least when freezing mentioned liquid substance, characterized in that the said at least one mold includes two mold halves, which are made with the possibility of this move relative to each other to ensure that they are breeding from each friend, once formed a pillar of ice.

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the said at least one form includes a heating means for separating the pillar of ice from the mold by melting.

3. The device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the said at least one form of many forms of interconnected, hollow spaces for the formation of the elongated pole ice of interconnected ice cubes.

4. The device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that provided by a mixing means for mixing a liquid mixture when it is freezing in the above-mentioned at least one ugly the military form.

5. The device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that through the mentioned at least one form in its longitudinal direction is elongated element around which in the form of formed ice cubes.

6. The device according to claim 5, characterized in that said elongated element includes a heating means.

7. The device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that it contains a number of forms that are oriented in the matrix relative to each other.

8. The device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that it comprises a moving means for placing the vessel under the said at least one form for collecting ice cubes formed in the device.

9. Method of producing ice cubes under which serves liquid substance in at least one form, frozen liquid substance in at least one form, and delete educated so the ice cubes from the mold, at least one form, characterized in that the flow of the liquid substance use at least one form according to any one of claims 1 to 8.



 

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1 dwg, 3 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: ice generator includes heat exchanger, source water supply system and ice removal device, closed circuit which is formed with source water and generated ice storage tank, supply pipeline, flow pump, heat exchanger, valve and outlet pipe. Expansion tank is connected between pump and heat exchanger, and heat exchanger represents flow housing with cooling agent supply and discharge connection pipes, water supply flange and outlet flange of water mixed with ice crystals. Elastic element the inner surface of which is coated with antiadhesive coating is arranged between flanges. Ice generation method involves water pumping through heat exchanger and removal of the formed ice. Water is supplied from the tank through supply pipeline with a pump to expansion tank and inside elastic element which is located in heat exchanger and washed with cooling agent which is cooled to negative temperature. Cooling agent pressure is set below water pressure in elastic element. When expansion tank is filled, valve is opened and pressure in elastic element is reduced. Ice crystals separated during deformation of elastic element from its inner surface are supplied together with water flow via drain pipe to the tank.

EFFECT: use of this group of inventions allows performing the continuous ice obtaining process at high process efficiency.

5 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: refrigerator with ice generator comprises a freezing chamber, a refrigerating chamber, door housings selectively opening and closing the refrigerating chamber and the freezing chamber and the ice generator, provided in the freezing chamber, refrigerating chamber or the door housing for making ice. The ice generator is connected to a refrigeration unit that is independent of the freezing chamber and the refrigerating chamber.

EFFECT: use of this invention enables the ice generator to be unaffected by the physical effect of cooling conditions of other chambers, and provides the ability of independent ice production.

10 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: at least, one mould makes closed space to accommodate ice column. Said mould comprises two half-moulds displacing relative to each other after formation of ice column. This invention relates also to method of making ice blocks comprises the steps a) feeding fluid into mould, b) freezing fluid therein, c) removing ice block therefrom. Note here that fluid is fed at step a) into mould having, at least, closed space.

EFFECT: making ice blocks in great quantity.

9 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: method to generate ice scales includes growing of ice on one side of a membrane, the other side of which contacts with coolant, which is cooled down to negative temperature, and periodical action at the membrane at the side of coolant. The elastic element is a membrane, on surface of which water is sprayed. The membrane, coolant and water spraying facility are located in the chamber.

EFFECT: using this invention makes it possible to provide for simplified ice production with reduction of its energy intensity.

12 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: process engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water crystal cleaning of harmful admixtures including heavy isotopes of deuterium. Proposed device comprises case 11 to house riser 8 with two chambers 4, 1. The latter make inlets for portable water and heat carrier. Portable water chamber 4 is connected with inside of case 11 that has outlet at its bottom. Heat carrier chamber 1 is connected with inside of ribs 7 arranged in case 11 and combined by outlet. Outer surface of ribs 7 is wavy.

EFFECT: continuous formation of deuterium ice in portable water.

2 dwg

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