Irrigation device, method and facility for its manufacturing

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: irrigation device comprises a water-collecting container (3), which stretches along an area marked for irrigation and is arranged as capable of installation into earth (4). In the inner space of the specified container (3) there is a transverse separation wall (5), which stretches from the container base upwards, at least by half of the efficient height of the container. Along the outer side of the container there is a liquid-suction wick (11) stretching, which is connected with inner liquid-receiving spaces of the container, which are separated at a distance from each other, when looking along the container length. The specified wick (11) is arranged with provision of its passage through holes on the upper side of the container towards the container base (3) in the area of the appropriate separation wall (5) at each side from it. The active suction capacity of the wick (11) between available compartments of the container is interrupted for provision of water movement prevention along the wick (11) between the specified compartments.

EFFECT: higher convenience of a device in operation, higher flexibility and simplicity of device installation, higher strength and durability of a device, reduced water consumption, also there is a method and a facility for manufacturing of such device.

17 cl, 12 dwg

 

This invention relates to a device intended for irrigation and catchment containing casing or container, which runs along the planned irrigation area and can be laid in the earth.

Over the last 40-50 years in the Western world arable land and fields have been improved by drainage to improve and simplify the process and increase land productivity. Large areas was carried out underground drainage to allow earlier planting, in addition, thanks to the underground drainage has made possible the use of large areas that are prone to waterlogging. But this was not the only benefit. Subsequently became visible to the end-effects such as the influence of environment on animals and too rapid withdrawal of water from the drop-down rain and, consequently, lowering of the groundwater level. However, the fundamental idea in the Western world was the creation of highly productive areas for the cultivation of cereals, vegetables, fruits and berries, as well as forest areas with better conditions.

Industry for the production of plastics, the main product of which was a drainage pipe, was a great success. There are high-tech machinery for laying drainage pipes even under the condition of saturation of the market at the present time. The vast area in asteady the moment are effectively dewatered.

However, if you look globally, there is a huge water shortage in fresh water. World food production increasingly takes place in developed countries, where the use of efficient equipment and is a relatively good supply of rainfall or applied water. However, all graphs indicate that in the near future the world will be a shortage of food.

Aerial spray of water require very little costs, but assume an extremely high water consumption and very large losses are compared with the resulting harvest. In addition, they require the use of water under high uniform pressure.

Drip hoses/moisturizing high pressure hoses which require a relatively low cost. Some of these types of hoses can be placed underground and in situ moisture of the root zone. However, the disadvantage of these solutions is that they require very clean water and water at constant pressure. But above all, these devices do not sustain damage as a result of clamp or other harmful effects. To ensure their work requires a highly developed technology.

Similar irrigation system is MPS system (see, for example, European patent No. 382816 B1), about whom, however, unfortunately, the process of its installation is too complex. It is too expensive to use on large areas and require more effort during installation. In addition, it also cannot be placed in inclined systems. Therefore, with this known solution, having one wall, it is impossible to ensure the irrigation system with two-way capability of raising water by the use of walls with maximum efficiency at the position with tilt in any direction.

Thus, the main purpose of the present invention and the main area of operation is primarily the provision of countries and Federal States with small water resources of the possibility of production of cereals, vegetables, citrus, vegetables, and forest crops. This is done by using the reverse process to drainage carried out to date in other countries, where he had the problem of excess water.

With this invention the drain pipe modified so that they slowly deliver the water under the earth directly to the root zone of planting material in the absence of pressure. The consequence of this is the fact that the water flow is about 10% of the flow required with conventional irrigation planting in hot areas. Additional shortcuts is suggested goals include, among other things, the possibility of planting trees in large areas in the deserts, growing vegetables in the gardens on a small scale in rural areas with limited water supply and limited technology, large-scale cultivation of grain crops, vegetables, fruits and forests without access to large quantities of water under pressure at 10%water consumption, and the creation of products, simplicity which allows you to bury it in the ground either manually or mechanically.

The device, due to its simplicity, also has other applications in developed countries, where it can compete with more expensive and complex systems for the supply of water on a small scale in the winter gardens, parks and squares, on the Islands with plants and other places where the system supplying water under pressure, are not a viable option.

Product when used properly, can allow some countries to increase food production in a hundred times compared to the present day, with the same level of water consumption. In General, global food production when using this product you may receive growth 10-30%. Planting trees on the problematic areas can give a result that exceeds the current 90%.

The objective of dostigaet the use of the proposed device, which is essentially characterized in that inside the specified container has a transverse double dividing wall, which runs from the base of the container up at least half the effective height of the container and along the outer side of the container passes the suction fluid wick, which is connected to the internal host liquid space of the container, spaced from each other when viewed along the length of the container, with the specified fuse is ensuring its passage through the holes on the top side of the container to its base in the region corresponding to the separation wall on each side of her, and active absorption capacity of the wick between existing chapters the container is interrupted to ensure that the movement of water through the wick between these branches.

Design advantages:

- the lack of pressure in the system

- preference uneven stacking,

- can be laid with a slope,

- the keeping of certain damages without a large loss water

- long service life,

- ease of installation with or without the use of auxiliary means,

- reduction of water consumption compared to drip devices and nozzles,/p>

- the flow of water through a direct effect on the root zone of plants conserves water in the ratio of 1:6-1:10, compared with surface application,

- can be implemented in the form of cost-effective options for growing plants with the help of the system,

- the possibility of filling with water, either manually or by using more sophisticated technical solutions, and

- ability to perform with controls, which, in addition, may provide additional deaeration for a more rapid release of air during the filling water in long systems.

The invention also relates to a method of manufacturing the container of the device is made of plastic. This method enables efficient fabrication of containers.

This method differs in that perform continuous extrusion objects in the form of thermoplastic pipes, hoses or containers with corrugated design, and the plots are made of the object is exposed to a counter-directional movement to provide thickening layer of plastic, with a thicker plastic is subjected to combined mechanical indentation and the suction effect, so that the inside of the object areas are formed with corrugated walls, located on the Oprah is elenna distance from each other, moreover, the excess plastic material is removed from the area formed by the separation wall, while in the created object can be made holes and preferably immediately in the next step can be attached with a match.

Finally, the invention relates to a tool for manufacturing the device described above.

This tool is essentially distinguished by the fact that the installation is designed for continuous extrusion of thermoplastic pipes, hoses or containers having a corrugated structure comprises at least two molding stations, which contain directed mutually oppositely shirring plate and one of which is arranged to actuate in the opposite direction to provide thickening layer of plastic along a specified section of an extruded object, and to create depressions in the specified bold layer of plastic in the direction perpendicular to the feed direction to cross a double wall with the subsequent suction of the excess plastic and its removal via suction apparatus can be powered wedge-shaped pressing element.

The main invention of the product is a dense drainage hose having inner walls, passing approximately 80% NR the internal height resulting in the formation section for water. Each end of each section is provided with a suction water wick. Water is sucked up from the corresponding section due to the capillary effect. Each section should not be longer than 50 cm, so that the hose could be placed with an arbitrary slope without appreciable reduction of the capacity of the individual sections. On the top side drilled the deaeration holes for preventing the occurrence of negative pressure, which reduces the capillary force of the wick.

The wick is made infinite, in order that the product had a reasonable price. End seal provided with a device for filling with water. There is a possibility of connection to a hose extending parts. The hose supplied with the control pipe, spaced at appropriate distances. For drilling holes can be used a reamer. Avoid too slowly filling with water hose must contain the deaerating/managers pipes made every ten meters. The hose must be flexible, however, shirring and plastic together should ensure that the carrying capacity to light tractor could pass on the product if it lies in the ground at a depth of approximately 30 cm, without deformation. For optimal use of the product shall shall be laid flat or with a slight slope down. Reseeding should occur at the highest point of the piping system.

However, the function of the suction fluid wick is interrupted along its length to provide suction water only in the respective divided container, if you look along the entire length of the system.

In uncomfortable conditions hot soil the product is combined with the so-called "container plants" (plants with neovaginal root system), planted in some form, to bring the working of the root system to a depth of wetting zone created around the hose at a depth that is protected from the warm surface of the soil. These young plants of various kinds of pre-grown in more manageable forms. These forms may represent an opening of the plastic sleeve or form type "paper pot", which is currently used in nurseries for forest trees. The important point is that plants have a good and deep root system.

For large-scale cultivation of plants of this type are the planters. In more advanced versions of the styling products used chain excavator of the same type that is currently used for laying drainage pipes in Europe.

Below is the description of the invention in the form of sample predpochtitel the nogo option execution with reference to the accompanying drawings, on which:

figure 1 schematically depicts the proposed container in the active state irrigation

figa illustrates an example planting plants with neovaginal root system over irrigation container

figure 2 depicts a perspective view of the irrigation container deaerating pipe,

figure 3 depicts the container without serving the deaeration pipe,

figure 4 depicts the separation wall in the container attached to the wick,

figure 5 depicts a section of the container showing the wall and wick,

6 to 8 schematically depict a machine for manufacturing containers,

figure 9 schematically depicts an installation item that is designed to remove material

figure 10 depicts the element installation, designed for laying wick,

11 depicts an installation item that is designed to secure the wick in the container.

More specifically, the invention relates to a device 1 intended for irrigation and containing a water-collecting container 3, which runs along the planned irrigation area 2 and can be laid in the ground 4. In accordance with the invention, in the internal space 6 of the container has a transverse double dividing wall 5. The specified dividing wall 5 extends from the base 7 of the container up is about level 8, located at least at one-half the effective height H of the container. Along the outer side 9 of the container, preferably on its upper half, and most preferably in the top 10 passes suction liquid wick 11, which is connected to the internal host liquid spaces 12, 13 of the container located at a distance A from each other when viewed along the length L of the container.

The container 3 is preferably tubular or has a similar equivalent form, for example the form of a hose or elongated shape, and has a wall corrugated shape 14, when viewed along the length L of the container. To enable the necessary mutual connection of the containers 3 to achieve the required areas of the ends of the container 3 is made with the possibility of mutual connection in series with obtaining the required length. Can also be performed with other compounds, such as T-shaped or X-shaped connections.

Due to the method of manufacturing containers part 5A, 5B of the double wall is inclined and, more specifically, diverge from a common, essentially straight upper portion 15 at an angle in the direction 16, 17 down to the bottom 7 of the container.

To enable stacking of the container 3 with a large slope on uneven terrain without spilling water from the container 3 through his lowest is positioning the end of the dividing wall 5 goes up to level 8 of the container 3, which is at least 80% of its internal height H.

The specified fuse 11, made of fibrous matter in the form of a tape, for example, 20 mm wide and about 1.5 mm thick, is located so that it lies freely on the upper side 18 of the container and passes through the holes 19 made on the specified side 18, down to the bottom 7 of the container 3 in the area of the corresponding dividing wall 5 on each side and attached to it.

Active suction ability of the wick 11 is interrupted between the formed container compartments 12, 13, so it is possible to prevent the movement of water through the wick 11 between the compartments 12, 13.

The specified container 3 formed from a tubular or shaped hose parts made with the possibility of a simple mutual connection of its respective ends with connecting containers 3 for the formation of the irrigation system S, which may be buried in the ground 4.

The invention is based on the fact that the water W rises from the respective container 3 under the action of capillary lifting force and that the containers can work in a variety of applications: on a smaller scale in containers for flowers, for flower beds, slopes with shrubs, tree plantations etc, on a larger scale to supply the younger the trees water by restoring forests in the desert region, and under conditions of active work in relation to the supply of water to the vegetables, palm trees, banana trees, citrus, olive plantations, etc. in areas with a very limited supply.

An important feature of the invention, which distinguishes it from the known solutions is that the container 3 is provided bilateral absorption of water on each side is made of the separation wall. Thanks to this product can be laid with a slope in both directions and to fully preserve its functionality near the knuckle.

The suction function of the containers 3 is flat endless suction wick 11, arranged in a narrow cut through the transverse hole 19. This hole 19 has essentially directly above the V-shaped dividing wall 5 of the tube. On both sides of the wall 5 has a suction wick 11, which fits with the help of specially made needles. At the moment when the needle reaches the bottom of the pipe, the wick is attached by ultrasonic welding or, alternatively, attached to the bottom of the pipe. To ensure prevent the movement of water from container to container, the wick is sealed in its upper part with fusible adhesive substances or heat treatment, i.e. the capillary action of the wick stops along the upper part 15 before occhialino direct separation wall 5, for example, using bonding fusible adhesive 79 or transverse cutting of the wick 11, for example, by burnout or cut. Part of the wick above the dividing wall is supported at a distance X from each other, which is at least 1.5 mm So that each section is completely independent of the adjacent sections. This is an additional essential difference of this product from a previously patented solutions. This, among other things, it follows that, for example, a hose or another performed the container may be damaged in one section without stopping functioning for this reason, the adjacent sections.

Preferably the product is made in the form of a corrugated design to ensure flexibility in accordance with the necessity. In addition, due to the corrugation increases the strength of the hose. Strength/bearing capacity of the material thickness must be so high that the normal tractor size could pass over the hose, placed under the soil surface at a depth of 30 cm, without deformation of the hose system.

Hose length is determined by the manufacturer. In addition to the product is supplied extension element with o-rings, allowing elongation of the hose.

In application the product can voditielia cap 20 with bracket for vodonapornoy pipe. This plug 20 includes coupling 21, to which is attached the filling pipe. Filling the tube has a cap. The system ends with end sealing cap 22. In addition, the corrugated design helps to ensure that the product becomes completely insensitive to destructive frosty conditions.

To the capillary force is not limited to, in the normal case, in the pipe every five to ten meters must be vented. This is done through pipe 23 reaching the surface 4A of the earth and containing not very tightly put on the cover. The pipe 23 may also be provided with a level indicator, if the user needs to monitor the water level in the system. This tube is inserted into the holes 24, which on the upper side of the product layout, situated at the side of the location of the irrigation wick. Holes are drilled in accordance with the marking at the appropriate distances, for example, using a reamer provided for this product, more rarely, if the system is laid flat, and more often if it is stacked unevenly, so that the pipe does not occur negative pressure. On the upper side of the container 3 is made small holes that reduce the risk of negative davleniya sections.

Because the product does not require water pressure, then open up countless areas for its application. It can easily be filled with a bucket, hose, water flow created from ditches for surface water or other simple methods of water supply. Of course, this can also be done automatically if the place of appropriate technology.

Most systems on the market based on the use of water under pressure, which immediately causes problems if damaged systems. They also need electricity or petrol pumps to build up pressure. In many locations of irrigation systems for various reasons, the presence of water under pressure may be totally unacceptable.

Under conditions of high surface temperatures the system is very efficient because it is laid at a depth of 20 to 100 cm depending on the type of plant and earth. With the help of such irrigation the soil surface can be loosened to interrupt the action of capillary forces and surface drainage at the same time, when the containers with water can distribute the moisture in the root zone. Then the root zone is installed directly at a greater depth, which has a lower temperature and the maximum use of water. When thus the m slow water flow due to capillary force directly into the root zone, the use of water supplied may be about 95-98%. This is because there is no evaporation and at the same time avoiding the loss of underground water, as the water is already capillary is connected. On figa plant 98 with the root system 99 is depicted planted in the upper soil layer above the container 3.

When compared with the spray system water during the day, according to a study conducted by the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences in 1975, it has lost 92% of water supplied. It was shown that 50% evaporated during the spray, the rest of the losses are due to the scattering of free water passing directly through the soil layer down to the subsoil waters, and also due to high surface evaporation from the surface of moist soil at a constant full capillary filling from the bottom.

Another advantage of the invention is that it is suitable for feeding through the system of nutrients in quantities of up to 25% of the normal dose is recommended when feeding from the surface. When the rain and irrigation supply from the surface causes a large loss of supplied nutrients, as free water carries nutrients down to the subsoil waters. Using the system is the supply of nutrients in the quantity, not reviewsel number of substances, served at the same time up and are capillary related. Thus, the leaching is minimized.

In the so-called "dead lands" (uncultivated or severely parched land where there are no microorganisms decomposing nutrients into components that are useful for the roots) can also be shipping microbes in the root zone without damage to them at a proper temperature and depth, resulting in the roots get a good opportunity to develop and provide planting material of nutrients.

The process of manufacturing the container device 1 of the above-mentioned type, made of plastic, carried out in such a way that there is a continuous extrusion of thermoplastic pipes, hoses, containers or other objects 3, having a corrugated design. In addition, the area made the object 3 is exposed to a counter-directional movement to provide thickening of the layer of plastic material along a predetermined area of the first object. A thicker plastic is subjected to combined mechanical indentation and the suction effect, so that the inside of the object 3 is formed sections 51 with corrugated walls, spaced at a distance C from each other, and the excess plastic is removed from the area formed by dividing tenki 5, while in the created object 3 can be made holes and preferably immediately in the next step can be attached laid the wick 11. To double-wedge-shaped separating wall 5 in a warm plastic pressed against the wedge-shaped element 52. In the upper part 18 of the object 3 in the area formed over the separation wall 5 by using, for example, the cutter 106 perform the opening 19, through which the insert portion of the wick 11 by the combined action of a pressing device 75 and the welding tool for welding wick 11 to the bottom 7 of the object 3 on each side 5A, 5B dividing wall 5, preferably by ultrasonic welding. From the base of the object into the internal space of the double dividing wall insert ultrasonic welding head 76 for joining wick 11, passing on each side of the specified wall 5, while the clamping action of the rollers 77, 78, which is inserted into the object 3 from each side wall 5 and act as stops.

The wick 11, made of fibrous material preferably in the form of a tape, glued along the top part 15 is preferably a straight dividing wall 5, for example, fusible adhesive 79, or the wick 11 is pressurized, i.e. the capillary action of the wick interrupt along the upper part 15 preferably direct the second wall 5, for example, using bonding fusible adhesive 79 or transverse cutting of the wick 11, for example, by burnout or cut.

Means for making the proposed device 1 intended for irrigation and catchment containing the container, passing along the planned irrigation area and can be laid in the earth, contains the installation 100, designed for continuous extrusion of thermoplastic pipes, hoses or containers 3, having a corrugated structure and containing at least two molding stations 101, 102, which are arranged in series one after another and contain directed mutually oppositely shirring plate 101A, 102A. In this regard, subsequent molding station 102 is arranged to actuate, for example, balls, wheels or rollers in the opposite direction 97 receiving diametrically opposite to the normal direction 96 of filing, provided that the thickening layer of plastic along the specified area I specified part of the extruded object 3. To create depressions in the specified bold layer of plastic in the direction perpendicular to the feed direction 104 of the plastic to form a transverse double wall 5, and the suction of the excess plastic and its removal via suction apparatus 105 can the t to be powered wedge-shaped pressing element 52. The cutter or similar tool 106 to make the holes is with the possibility of the eruption of the holes 19 in the plastic before it is then cooled from the opposite side from the specified double-walled 5.

Perpendicular to the direction 104 of the feeder can move V-shaped flat element 75 to insert the wick, and for welding the fuse 11 in the base 7 formed hose 3, etc. made welding machine 76. In the center of the specified supplied strip of wick 11 put the hose 80 for supplying hot melt adhesive substances 79 over the top 15 of the wall 5 and the top folds over above the wall of the wick. The capillary action of the wick 11 may also be interrupted due to the transverse cutting of the wick by burnout or with scissors.

The following is a brief description of the mechanical method of manufacture of the invention.

Stage 1: in Addition to using standard shirring plate for corrugation of the hose do move in the opposite direction just shirring table, so get more plastic. Simultaneously press the bounding wedge and perform suction of the excess plastic on the upper side of the hose.

Stage 2: At this stage, cut off the excess plastic. Simultaneously, on the upper side of the hose is so cut a small hole for air.

Step 3: using a sewing machine with split needle establish fibrous wick. The needle has two tip 77, 78, containing rollers for quick delivery of the wick. At this stage, the wick is attached to both sides of the wedge-shaped wall.

Step 4: If it turns out that the wick does not remain in the required position, then from the point of view of manufacture may hold the wick with clip made of plastic or metal. In this case, at this stage in his press in the desired location.

Step 5: Perform the cooling of the hose and its winding, for example, in coils, containing 10/25/50 m in accordance with market needs.

For more product

Seal the ends of the hose performed using a known end covers, possibly augmented o-rings. A filling pipe anywhere by drilling. This is implemented by using a thick reiber, supplied with the product as an additional tool. When laying hose for longer distances every 5 or 10 meters must be installed deaerating pipe, providing relief filling with water. It depends on the quality of the soil.

Below are described a certain embodiment of the installation and its operation.

- Extruder - agrevating 200 molding material of a known type, having a cone-shaped outlet opening and providing for the supply of material to the processing element.

Forming station 101 that contains the left part of the table is stationary part with feed plate/shirring plate 101A having channels negative pressure to ensure the corrugation of the hose. The same type that is used currently. The table is two-way.

Forming station 102, containing the right - hand portion of the table sliding table with shirring plates 102A, similar to the plate of the first table. This table is rotated in the opposite direction to provide a sufficient amount of the molding material to create a substantial dividing wall of the hose. On the same stage, when this happens, the bottom acts wedge 52 which by means of the suction apparatus and the pressure of creating the perfect interior partition wall 5. At the same time the absorption of excess molding material in the upward direction.

- Suction sleeve 105 attached to the upper part of the hose 3. Excessive moulding mass is pressed and removed from the rolling table simultaneously with the execution of the corresponding stage of cutting. Then the hose continues to move along the movable part 102 of the table and gradually cooled.

When the hose leaves the movable table, is this the p 106 extrusion holes 19 for a match, before the hose 3 reaches the belt conveyor 300 and the like, where it is cooled.

- Sewing machine this is the main part of the process, and in this case is the element that is absolutely new. Through holes 19 with the help of specially made needle is mounted an endless suction wick 11. As the wick 11 is a fibrous substance with a width of 20 mm and a thickness of approximately 1.5 mm, which is checked to ensure good capillary properties and durability. The wick 11 is mounted by means of a flat hollow elastic block 75 of the needle, which is attached by means of a tension/idler. The wick 11 is inserted into the needle 75 with the help of the suspended working rollers 77, 78 at its base. This is done to hold the wick in place while moving in the direction both up and down. Before the front parts of the needle posted by guide roller. The front part is made of flat and hollow, like the bells at the first feed and thrust roller tip of the needle. The specified roller is ultrasonic welding in the lower part of the hose. The rear portion of the needle also has a flat control slot in the needle directly above the hinged guide/thrust roller tip. In this case, the bottom roller is also welded by ultrasound. In the centre of the needle entered the hose 80 with a metal shell, designed for gluing the fuse fusible adhesive on the top where it goes from the inflection in the following section. This step is done to prevent excess water flow from section to section. The specified hose with a metal shell can be kept warm, even if the heat fusible adhesive substance 79 is away from the gluing. The bottom side is pressed against a wedge-shaped ultrasonic welding head 77 to the lower part of the hose in the place to which the inner side of the adjacent pressure rollers. Thus, the wick 11 is placed on both sides around the dividing wall 5, and then passes freely through the upper side 10 of the hose 3 along its entire length. The entire process is automated using electrical sensors.

- Means for supplying wick.

- Ultrasonic welding head.

Hose cut/divide blowing on adjustable, predetermined intervals, which may vary depending on the interests of the customer. The hose can connect to overlap or be separated by transverse cuts in each flat section.

The purpose and nature of the invention should be understood from the above description, but the invention is naturally not limited to the implementation described above and depicted in the accompanying certifie modifications, in particular, related to the nature of the various elements or consisting in the use of equivalent technology, without deviating from the scope of protection of the invention defined by the claims.

1. The device (1) for irrigation, containing drainage container (3), which runs along the planned irrigation area and can be laid in the ground (4), characterized in that the internal space (6) of the container (3) has a transverse double dividing wall (5), which runs from the base (7) of the container up at least half the effective height (H) of the container and along the outer side (9) of the container passes the suction fluid wick (11), which is connected to the internal host fluid spaces (12, 13) of the container, spaced at a distance (A) from each other when viewed along the length (L) of the container, with the specified fuse (11) is ensuring its passage through holes (19) on the upper side (18) of the container to the base (7) of the container (3) in the area corresponding to the dividing wall (5) on each side of her, and active absorption capacity of the wick (11) between the existing branches of the container (12, 13) is interrupted to ensure that the movement of water through the wick (11) between these separated the s (12, 13).

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the container (3) is tubular and has a wall corrugated shape (14), when viewed along the length (L) of the container.

3. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the ends (3A, 3B) of the container (3) made with the possibility of mutual connection in series with obtaining the required length.

4. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the part (5A, 5B) of the double wall is inclined and diverge from a common upper part (15) at an angle in the direction (16, 17) down.

5. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the dividing wall (5) goes up to the level (8) in a container that is at least 80% of the internal height (H) of the container.

6. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the wick (11) made of fibrous matter in the form of a tape and is located so that it lies freely on the upper side (18) of the container and secured in the container (3) on each side of the double-walled separation wall (5).

7. Device according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the container (3) is formed from tubular or shaped hose plastic parts, corresponding ends of which can be mutually connected with a connecting containers for the formation of the irrigation system, which can be buried in the ground (4).

8. A method of manufacturing a container of the device is (1) according to any one of the preceding paragraphs, made of plastic, characterized in that perform continuous extrusion objects in the form of thermoplastic pipes, hoses or containers (3)having a corrugated structure, and the plots are made of the object is exposed to a counter-directional movement to provide thickening layer of plastic along certain areas (I) object (3), with a thicker plastic is subjected to combined mechanical indentation and the suction action on the provision of education within the object area (51) with corrugated walls, located at a distance (C) from each other, and the excess plastic is removed from the area formed by the dividing wall (5)and preferably immediately in the next step in the generated object (3) ensure the implementation of the holes and attaching the laid wick (11).

9. The method according to claim 8, characterized in that provide indentations in the warm plastic wedge-shaped element (52) to generate a double wedge-shaped separation wall (5).

10. The method according to claim 8 or 9, characterized in that the upper part (18) of the object in the area formed over the separation wall (5) have holes (19) by means of the milling head or a similar tool.

11. The method according to claim 10, characterized in that will enable the implementation part of the wick ceresperance in the object (3) holes (19) by the combined action of a pressing device (75) and the welding tool for welding wick (11) to the bottom (7) of the object (3) on both sides of the dividing wall, preferably by ultrasonic welding.

12. The method according to claim 11, characterized in that the inner space of the double dividing wall from the base object is inserted ultrasonic welding head (76) for welding wick (11) to both sides of the specified wall (5) under simultaneous action of pressure rollers (77, 78), which is inserted inside the object (3) on each side wall (5) and which act as stops.

13. The method according to claim 11, characterized in that the wick (11)made of a fibrous material preferably in the form of a tape, seal, i.e. interrupt the capillary action of the wick along the upper part (15) is preferably a straight dividing wall (5), for example, by gluing fusible adhesive (79) or cross-cutting, for example, by burnout or cut.

14. Means for making a device (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 7, intended for irrigation and contains drainage container (3), which runs along the planned irrigation area and can be laid in the ground (4), characterized in that there is (100), designed for continuous extrusion of thermoplastic pipes, hoses or containers having a corrugated structure, and containing at least two molding stations (101, 102), containing directed EOI is imno opposite shirring plate (101A, 102A), and one forming station (102) is arranged to actuate in the opposite direction (97) to provide a thickening layer of plastic along a specified part of the extruded object (3), with a wedge-shaped pressing element (52), is arranged to actuate to create depressions in the specified bold layer of plastic in the direction perpendicular to the direction (104) filing for the formation of transverse double wall (5) with subsequent aspiration of excess plastic and its removal via suction apparatus (105).

15. The tool 14, characterized in that the cutter (106)that is located with the opportunity to perform in plastic before its subsequent cooling holes (19) for wick (11) on the opposite side from the specified double wall (5).

16. The means indicated in paragraph 15, characterized in that there are V-shaped flat element (75) to insert a wick made with the possibility of moving perpendicular to the feed direction, and welding machine (76)located with the possibility of welding wick (11) in the base (7) formed hose (3), etc.

17. The tool in item 16, characterized in that in the center of the specified element entered hose (80) for supplying hot melt adhesive substances (79) over the top of the specified wall (5) and on the top of the bend is located on top on the wall of the wick.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture, in particular, to viticulture. In the method the pipeline with water outlet holes is placed. In the locations of water outlet holes of the pipe line the vertical orthogonal pipes with water outlet hole, which is located above the ground, are located and tightly connected with it. And coaxially with the vertical orthogonal pipe the inner cup-shaped vessel with a coaxial hole in its upper part and the outer cup-shaped vessel are additionally placed consistently, which are consistently injected into the ground and combined with the upper part of the vertical orthogonal pipe. The upper part of the inner cup-shaped vessel is hermetically placed lower than the water outlet hole, and the outer cup-shaped vessel is placed above the water outlet hole in its coaxial slot, which is made in its upper part. Then the resulting volume between the upper part of the inner and outer cup-shaped vessels and the surface of the ground between them is filled with irrigation water through the water outlet hole of the vertical orthogonal tube.

EFFECT: method enables to reduce the loss of irrigation water during irrigation.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method includes installation of the vertical supports (1) in the form of plastic pipes and fixing guide wire (4) on them for subsequent attachment of stems of vegetable crops, as well as installation of the pipeline (7) with the water outlet openings (8). The water outlet openings in the pipeline are made in places of vegetable crop planting and are connected tightly to the upper opening (9) of the branch tube (10) for supply of irrigation water in it from the pipeline opening. The branch tube is located either along the pipeline, or orthogonal to it, and is made with tightly closed ends (11, 12), in its lower part the water outlet holes or slots (13) are preliminary made and are partially filled with sand (14) before installation. From the outer side of the branch tube and the pipeline a clamp (15) is placed with the upper cylindrical part (16), which is made with screw thread for screwdriving of additional clamp (17) with a central threaded hole in which the threaded part of the vertical support is fixed, which is made in its lower part, and in its upper part a guide wire with the through hole (3) is placed, which is fixed inside the vertical support. Clamping of the vegetable stems is made by screwdriving into a spiral stopper (5, 6), which is located coaxially to the vertical support and is fixed in its upper part on the guide wire, and in its lower part - from the lower side of the additional clamp.

EFFECT: simplification of growing vegetable crops.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a system and method of irrigation for distribution of water in a large area, particularly in horticulture and landscaping plants, and in agriculture, comprising an irrigation mat having the first and the second bearing layers to accommodate the elements related to it, connecting the first and second bearing layers, water-supply elements placed between the first and second bearing layers to supply water to the mat and its distribution in it, and the absorbent layer located between the first and second bearing layers for water storage, means for determining the moisture content of the mat, unit of the information input related the operation of the mat, a device for supplying water to the mat, the measuring device to determine the salt content of the water supplied to the mat, the measuring device to determine the quantity of water supplied to the mat, additional measuring device for measuring weather data, the unit of the information release related to the moisture content of the mat, the salt content of water supplied to it and weather data, the control unit for documentation and processing of data obtained from measurement devices and for generating control signals for controlling the sensors unit of signals and the feeding device. The method of irrigation by the claimed irrigation system is revealed.

EFFECT: cheapening of the system, uniform moisture of soil areas is provided.

34 cl, 2 dwg

Method of tillage // 2452161

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. The method involves loosening the soil to a predetermined depth. At that, loosening the soil is carried out by air flows created by the system of perforated pipes laid to a given depth.

EFFECT: method enables to reduce the time of tillage, to reduce energy consumption due to reducing metal consumption and reducing the number of machines for soil treatment.

1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises a tight tank, a supply pipe with a valve, a pipe with a valve to drain sludge and water remainder from the tank, a water-supply pipe. The water-drain pipe is connected to watering tubes. Watering tubes have water-outlet holes to supply water internally into soil. The tight tank comprises a vacuum and a bleed valves in the upper part and a level indicator on the side wall. Each watering tube is connected by means of a dosing element with an air and water impermeable rod. The lower end of the rod is sharpened. The cylindrical part of the rod is installed in a screen. The dosing element is arranged in the form of a ball with material density of not more than 0.12 t/m3. The ball is installed with the possibility of free displacement in the cylindrical cavity. The cylindrical cavity is pneumatically connected to a source of compressed gas. The source of compressed gas has a check valve, a valve and a pressure gauge.

EFFECT: structure will make it possible to increase crop capacity.

3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises unit of wheel chassis, unit of water supply, control unit, servo drive. On axis of wheel chassis unit there is a disk mounted with inner closed cavity communicated with unit of water supply. Disk is equipped with syringe elements for supply of water inside soil, which are connected to servo drive.

EFFECT: invention will make it possible to improve quality of watering due to provision of discrete stepwise supply of water to root system of plants.

5 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to agriculture, particularly to irrigation of soil and is designed for watering various plants. The method of plant inter-soil pulse discrete watering consists in supply of water inside soil with a syringe element in the process of chassis travelling along surface of soil by means of successive step-by-step in every 0.1-0.15 m embedding a lower end of the syringe element into soil at depth 0.05-0.15 m and pulse sprinkling of 0.1-0.3 sec duration into soil under 0.15-0.2 MPa pressure by discrete portions of 20-100 ml metered according to a watering rate. When a water supply pulse occurs, fissures in soil are locally washed out in the zone of a pulse; fissures are mudded; there is created a discrete moistened zone facilitating successive capillary distribution of moisture in specified volume of soil without gravitation draining.

EFFECT: method of successive step-by-step metered pulse supply of water into soil facilitates discrete soil moistening and uniform and stable development of individual plants with their root system spreading in watered plot area.

4 dwg

Irrigation system // 2369089

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural engineering, namely to the soil irrigation systems. The irrigation system comprises at least one irrigation unit containing a shell with perforated holes and connected to the water source and a filler with capillary properties. The irrigation unit is placed unconditionally in respect to the level of the water source; the irrigation unit shell is of a tubular form. Additionally the irrigation system comprises a feeding pipeline connecting the water source with at least one irrigation unit; the feeding pipeline has no perforated holes and is filled by a filler with capillary properties placed so that to contact with the source water.

EFFECT: irrigation system expands the range of water sources used and facilitates its installation in the field.

6 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention concerns agriculture and can be applied in subsoil irrigation in plant cultivation devices. Device includes pipeline with through lengthwise slot with notches distributed irregularly over the slot length. Porous material is inserted by jamming one end into the through slot, and the free end of porous material features lengthwise and/or transverse cuts.

EFFECT: improved subsoil irrigation of plants.

2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: zonal sub-irrigation system comprising main channel or water duct, distribution pipeline, and irrigation pipeline with a plug at the end; zonal moisturisers made of perforated tubes, in the root area, water metering equipment, a fertiliser mixing and dispensing device. The distribution pipeline is equipped with graduated water flow taps. The irrigation pipeline is made of flexible tube pieces successively connecting the moisturisers, and is inclined to the planting row end. Moisturisers are made of open polyethylene tubes with a minimum length of 600 mm, with two branches at a level 200 mm lower than the upper end. Flexible tubes for feeding irrigation water from the water receiver are connected to the branches. The water receiver is installed freely above the planting horizontal and connected to the taps. The moisturisers are perforated at their lower ends, the perforation hole diameter being 2-3 mm.

EFFECT: even irrigation water flow rate and good access to irrigation pipelines for repairs.

3 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, subsurface moistening with mineralized water.

SUBSTANCE: subsurface irrigation system has steam-like moisture preparing unit, and supply pipelines hydraulically communicated with network of subsurface perforated moisteners having length sufficient for reaching upper boundary of soil layer with set moisture content. Area of perforation openings of moistener is increasing from the top to the bottom to provide moistening of vertical conical volume of soil around moistener widening toward lower end. Subsurface irrigation system allows plant growing conditions to be improved.

EFFECT: reduced consumption of water, decreased material and power consumption for operation of system, increased effectiveness and reduced agricultural product costs.

1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method involves placing ferromagnetic markers on field, said markers being preliminarily aligned with part of pipelines of general irrigation pipeline complex; placing pipelines with markers on field in alternation with standard irrigation pipelines at pitch equal to width of agricultural unit; positioning pole pieces of magnetically sensitive detectors rotating in left-hand and right-hand directions at sides of longitudinal vertical plane of tractor between front rotating wheels. Middle pole piece is formed as rod and positioned in horizontal plane transverse to and in symmetry with respect to unit path axis between axles of tractor rear wheels and tillage tools first in the course of advancement of tillage unit.

EFFECT: reduced consumption of power for driving tractor along tilled crop spacings.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, process used for growing of plants in open ground.

SUBSTANCE: method involves placing moisture-permeable material onto surface around plants, said material being provided with openings for plants and with 0.5-1 cm wide and 10-20 cm long vertical ribbons made from moisture-proof material. During night, water vapors condense on vertical ribbons due to cooling and vaporization. Owing to large condensation surface of soil cover, large amounts of water may be condensed which are necessary for soil moistening.

EFFECT: increased efficiency by using natural water source such as water vapors of atmospheric air for soil moistening, reduced water vaporization from soil surface, and increased yield of farm crops.

2 dwg

Irrigation pipeline // 2296461

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, furrow irrigation of root crops.

SUBSTANCE: irrigation pipeline has underground distribution pipeline with branch pipes-water outlets equipped with elastic perforated pipes joined at their entire length with flexible linear spiral member. Connection of perforated pipes with branch pipes-water outlets is made in the form of movable heads provided with spring-loaded two-position valve and projections insertable into spiral slots formed on internal surface of branch pipes-water outlets. Irrigation pipeline of such construction enables free passage of irrigation equipment along furrows during inter-irrigation period.

EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing complete mechanization of works in supplying of water onto group of furrows and controlling of flow rate along pipeline.

2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, process which may be used in operation of irrigation systems.

SUBSTANCE: method involves feeding increased amount of water from water source into head part of pipeline to be flushed; providing circulation of water using pump connected through suction branch pipe to end shutter of irrigation pipeline and through discharge branch pipe to its head part; cutting off pump and providing hydraulic shocks within pipeline under flushing process at 3-5 min intervals, with alternating processes of water feeding under pressure and hydraulic shocking lasting during 20-30 min; controlling process effectiveness by state of end water outlets; upon removal of silt therefrom, cutting off irrigation pipeline from head part of pipeline under flushing process and discharging water containing suspended silt particles using pump providing high speed transportation of suspension. Utilizing discharged water for irrigation of lower lands. Method allows deposited slit particles to be removed from water outlets and be further utilized for enrichment of soil with organic substances contained in slit and washed out from water outlets.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability in operation of free-flow irrigation pipelines and avoiding ineffective consumption of water.

1 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: zonal sub-irrigation system comprising main channel or water duct, distribution pipeline, and irrigation pipeline with a plug at the end; zonal moisturisers made of perforated tubes, in the root area, water metering equipment, a fertiliser mixing and dispensing device. The distribution pipeline is equipped with graduated water flow taps. The irrigation pipeline is made of flexible tube pieces successively connecting the moisturisers, and is inclined to the planting row end. Moisturisers are made of open polyethylene tubes with a minimum length of 600 mm, with two branches at a level 200 mm lower than the upper end. Flexible tubes for feeding irrigation water from the water receiver are connected to the branches. The water receiver is installed freely above the planting horizontal and connected to the taps. The moisturisers are perforated at their lower ends, the perforation hole diameter being 2-3 mm.

EFFECT: even irrigation water flow rate and good access to irrigation pipelines for repairs.

3 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention concerns agriculture and can be applied in subsoil irrigation in plant cultivation devices. Device includes pipeline with through lengthwise slot with notches distributed irregularly over the slot length. Porous material is inserted by jamming one end into the through slot, and the free end of porous material features lengthwise and/or transverse cuts.

EFFECT: improved subsoil irrigation of plants.

2 dwg

Irrigation system // 2369089

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agricultural engineering, namely to the soil irrigation systems. The irrigation system comprises at least one irrigation unit containing a shell with perforated holes and connected to the water source and a filler with capillary properties. The irrigation unit is placed unconditionally in respect to the level of the water source; the irrigation unit shell is of a tubular form. Additionally the irrigation system comprises a feeding pipeline connecting the water source with at least one irrigation unit; the feeding pipeline has no perforated holes and is filled by a filler with capillary properties placed so that to contact with the source water.

EFFECT: irrigation system expands the range of water sources used and facilitates its installation in the field.

6 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to agriculture, particularly to irrigation of soil and is designed for watering various plants. The method of plant inter-soil pulse discrete watering consists in supply of water inside soil with a syringe element in the process of chassis travelling along surface of soil by means of successive step-by-step in every 0.1-0.15 m embedding a lower end of the syringe element into soil at depth 0.05-0.15 m and pulse sprinkling of 0.1-0.3 sec duration into soil under 0.15-0.2 MPa pressure by discrete portions of 20-100 ml metered according to a watering rate. When a water supply pulse occurs, fissures in soil are locally washed out in the zone of a pulse; fissures are mudded; there is created a discrete moistened zone facilitating successive capillary distribution of moisture in specified volume of soil without gravitation draining.

EFFECT: method of successive step-by-step metered pulse supply of water into soil facilitates discrete soil moistening and uniform and stable development of individual plants with their root system spreading in watered plot area.

4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises unit of wheel chassis, unit of water supply, control unit, servo drive. On axis of wheel chassis unit there is a disk mounted with inner closed cavity communicated with unit of water supply. Disk is equipped with syringe elements for supply of water inside soil, which are connected to servo drive.

EFFECT: invention will make it possible to improve quality of watering due to provision of discrete stepwise supply of water to root system of plants.

5 cl, 4 dwg

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