SUBSTANCE: irrigation system comprises two sprinkling machines, joined to each other with a flexible traction rod, equipped with central vertical stands, fixed to the centre of the tray, on the stands there are radial spikes fixed by ties with sprinklers. Sprinkling machines move in series upwards without rotation and downwards with rotation along its inclined ropeways using the tray weight, when filled with irrigation water in the upper point of the inclined ropeway, and water is supplied from the tray along tubular spikes to sprinklers using a centrifugal force when moving downwards with simultaneous rotation of the sprinkling machine around the stand on the support. The system comprises a ratchet interacting with a spinner arranged in the form of a pulley rolling along the ropeway in the horizontal plane. Filling of the tray with water happens via a drain, opened as the end switch installed in the upper point of the ropeway interacts with the carriage at the moment of contact, and closed as the hook installed on the float inside the tray is disengaged after filling it with water.
EFFECT: increased operational reliability of a system.
1 cl, 1 dwg
The invention relates to agriculture, namely, to irrigation by sprinkling.
Known sprinkling machine moving on the pontoons in irrigation conduit and the feed water to the sprinklers using wind power.
Known sprinkling machine is provided with a Central vertical stand, attached to the center of the pallet, and irrigation pipe is made in the form of radial spokes attached to the rack for cable suspension, equipped with sails (irrigation system SU 1672998 A1 MCI: A01G 25/09).
The disadvantage of this system is its low reliability, as required irrigation canal and wind, which on hot days usually does not happen.
The task of the invention is to improve the operational reliability of the irrigation system.
To solve this problem, the proposed irrigation system, for which the force of the wind is replaced by the force of gravity, and includes two pivot connected to a flexible shaft, moving alternately up without rotation and down with rotation on its tilted cable cars using the weight force of the pallet, filled with irrigation water in the upper point of the inclined cable car, and the feed water from the tray on the tubular spokes on the sprinklers using centrifugal force when d is igenii down with simultaneous rotation of the sprinkler around the rack on the support, ratchet interacting with rotator made in the form of a pulley riding on the cable car in the horizontal plane, and filling the tray with water occurs through the drain opening in the interaction of the limit set in the upper point of the cable car at the moment of contact with the carriage, and closed when the uncoupling of a hook mounted on the float inside the tray after filling it with water.
The drawing shows a diagram of one of the two inclined cableway 1 with a sprinkling machine, consisting of a carriage 2 with a flexible shaft 3 for connection with the carriage of another pivot (not shown). To the carriage 2 on the vertical center pillar 4 has a pallet 5 with water for irrigation. The Central vertical strut 4 is fixed to the center of the pallet. Hour 4 rotates on the support 6 and communicates through the sawtooth edge of the ratchet 7 with the response, the sawtooth edge of the rotator 8, made in the form of a pulley riding on the cable car in the horizontal plane. From the bottom of the pallet 5 withdrawn hollow radial spokes 9 sprinklers 10 at the ends. Spokes are interconnected and Central counter stretch marks 11. Fill pan 5 through the drain 12, which is opened by end 13 at the time of stop of the carriage 3 at the upper point of the cable car 1. After filling the tray 5 drain 12 is closed when the tapline float hook 14.
Irrigation system works as follows. Two cable cars of the same length and slope, the value of which is chosen empirically, are installed in parallel at a distance not less than the lengths of the two radial spokes 9. The length of the flexible rod 3 is chosen so that the carriage 2 there was one at the upper end, and the second at the lower end of the respective cable cars.
The carriage 2 sprinkler with an empty pallet, moving up without rotation, communicates at the upper end of the cable car with the lever end 13 connected to the lever that opens the water flow through the drain 12 to the tray 5 is held by the hook 14 during the process of filling the tray with water.
Water flow, depending on local conditions, can flow by gravity from the water tower or fed by a pump from a reservoir by a team of mechanical, electric or other type of end closure 13.
After filling the tray 5 to the specified water level float hook 14 down, simultaneously blocking the water flow through the drain 12, and the carriage 2 rushes down the inclined cable car 1. When the rotator 11 rolls on the cable car 1 in the horizontal plane passing the rotation through the ratchet 7 of the Central rack with 4 tray 5 and the radial spokes 9. During the rotation of the spokes on the sprinkler 10 is created centrifugal photocopy, coming from the pallet 5 hollow spokes or hoses. Resulting from the sprinkler 10 water when moving with the rotation of the two sprinkler machines irrigates an area of length in the cable car and a width of four radial spokes. For safe operation in the automatic mode, the trays are suspended above the height of a man, and in the areas of traffic suspended at a height of up to four meters.
Thus, the proposed irrigation system is economical, works in automatic mode without damaging the environment, does not require the construction of irrigation canals, can effectively irrigate fields on the plains and in the mountains and intersected by ravines areas, preserves the productivity of cropland and pasture in the dry season.
Irrigation system, including sprinkler machine, equipped with a Central vertical stand, attached to the center of the pallet, and irrigation pipe with sprinklers made in the form of radial spokes attached to the rack for cable suspension, characterized in that the irrigation system applied force of attraction, and includes two pivot connected to a flexible shaft, moving alternately up without rotation and down with rotation on its tilted cable cars using the weight force of the pallet, napolnyaemostyu water in the upper point of the inclined cable car and feed water from the tray on the tubular spokes on the sprinklers using centrifugal force in a downward motion with simultaneous rotation of the sprinkler around the stand on the anvil, ratchet, interacting with rotator made in the form of a pulley riding on the cable car in the horizontal plane, and filling the tray with water occurs through the drain opening in the interaction of the limit set in the upper point of the cable car at the moment of contact with the carriage, and closed when the uncoupling of a hook mounted on the float inside the tray after filling it with water.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices intended for defining faulty position of overhead ropeway bearing rope. Device 4 is located on holder 2 with groove 3 wherein carrying rope runs and incorporates carrying rope faulty position identifier 18, 19. Section 7 of holder 4 is mobile while faulty position identifier 18, 19 detects displacement of holder section 7.
EFFECT: higher reliability of overhead ropeway.
15 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electric cable traction transport systems for urbanised environment. The transport system includes path made of one or more carrying cables rigidly connected by suspension supports with transport facilities in the form of passenger cars suspended on them by means of carriages with wheels corresponding in their number and size to carrying cables. Detachable clamps installed on carriage in their number and size correspond to traction cables resting on intermediate supports and passing over trafficway with preserving transport dimensions. The transport system is provided with two or more stations with acceleration/deceleration conveyors for passenger cars and spots for passenger loading to/unloading from them. The stations are mounted on supports over streetways with preserving dimensions for town traffic. The stations structurally consist of two or more modules integrated into multimodal complexes. At least one of the modules is equipped with lifts and escalators and represents logistic link to other types of existing urban transport. At least one other of modules is used as depot for passenger cars.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of passenger transport system.
11 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: municipal ropeway includes end, intermediate and interchange stations. Paths are made as two or more threads of one encircling carrying-haulage rope. Discrete drive contains one or more mechatronic propellers in the form of movement module with hierarchical control system. Kinematic chain of each movement module contains one or more electric motors each one of which is connected with friction driving pulley of service and emergency brake. Each carriage of passenger car is equipped with mechatronic movement module of wheels drive and with detachable clamps in the number not less than the number of threads of carrying-haulage rope. Detachable clamps are made as articulated links where movable link on intermediate poles interacts with guides defining trajectory and time of clamp operation. Power supply units are located in passenger cars. System of passenger cars readdressing contains one or more rigid paths with trolleys and automatic switches interacting at stations with mechatronic movement modules of carriage wheels drive.
EFFECT: higher efficiency and enhanced functionality of ropeway.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to suspended way. Proposed tramway comprises lower and upper stations and transport facilities 2 driven between two said stations to move along guide 3 through first passenger boarding area 61 and, respectively, detraining area. Another guide 32 branches from guide 3 via point 42 where along move transport facilities across one second boarding area 61 and, respectively, detraining area. There is control unit 7 whereto connected are outputs of pickups 71-74 coupled with boarding area and detraining areas 61-64 to allow controlling pints 41-44a and transport facilities. Invention covers also method of operating abode described tramway.
EFFECT: expanded operating performances, higher reliability.
7 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to suspended way. Proposed suspended way comprises carrying run made up of winch chain for chain transmission, e.g. a roller chain, unclosed and developed in one line and with length equal to that of entire suspended way or to those of way separate sections, whereon sprocket rolls to support cargo or passenger platform. Torque from drive to sprocket is transmitted by, for example, chain transmission. Note here that the drive may be accommodated on cargo or passenger platform and run from ICE incorporated with said drive.
EFFECT: transportation of cargoes and people to larger distances without special hauling stations.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transport facilities. Municipal ropeway incorporates discrete drive comprising mechatronic propulsors with motors that are provided with single control unit and interconnected on the principle of electric shaft. Municipal ropeway comprises change stations mounted on arched supports above traffic area not limiting carriageway sizes. Said stations are equipped with systems that are intended for mechanical switching of passenger cars to other ways and connected with other stations in each direction. Ropeway comprises, at least, two independent ways with one and more traction rope and carrying ropes. Suspended supports are mounted between intermediate supports. The latter comprise the frame, one or more clips embracing carrying ropes on two sides, and one or more tractive rope hulleys resting upon elastic closed tractive elements of discrete drive mechatronic propulsors fitted on intermediate supports. Kinematic circuit of said propulsor comprises one or more motor, working brake, constant-velocity joints, and system of roller beams. At least, one roller of said beams incorporates emergency brake. Note that elastic tractive element runs over all rollers of aforesaid system of beams hinged to intermediate supports with the use of damping system.
EFFECT: higher reliability and safety.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transport facilities, namely to overhead ropeways to carry cargoes and passengers. Proposed ropeway comprises drive, two pulleys, each fitted on self-propelled facility equipped with hydraulic outriggers, closed tensioned traction cable with hooking devices that runs around said pulleys and rests on rollers of line balancers mounted on telescopic supports. Drive is made up of multi-inductor linear induction motor with its each inductor secured along ropeway axis on said line balancers between rollers that are enveloped by elastic magnetic tape that makes secondary element of linear induction motor. Said magnetic tape is furnished with support for traction cable arranged all along the ropeway length.
EFFECT: higher efficiency provided by traction force stabilisation.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to portable ropeways. Proposed ropeway comprises load bearing rope, suspension with transport container and supports made up of crossarm, support members with their one ends jointed with appropriate ends of said crossarm by fasteners, and support elements fitted on opposite ends of said support elements. Support elements are mounted so that support element crossarms stay at different height. Support element posts are jointed with crossarm by hinge joint, four posts per one support element. Height of said support element is adjusted by the number of simple tubular elements incorporated therewith. Support elements are made up of footstep bearing and dowel secured on support element end to lock footstep bearing in certain position. Ends of load-bearing rope are anchored in soil by drill-like anchors while rope are tensioned by particular tensioning device.
EFFECT: ease of mounting and transportation, control by one operator.
2 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ropeways. Proposed ropeway comprises one lower station and at least one upper station and haulage rope (3) running in guide disks (30) arranged at said stations. Note here that at least one of disks (30) revolves. It comprises transfer appliances (31, 32) intended for passengers boarding, transfer and detraining. Said appliances are uncoupled from haulage rope (3), transferred in guide rails (4, 41, 42, 4a) on stations to be coupled, again, with said haulage rope (3). It comprises also two points (40, 43) mounted along guide rails (4, 41, 42, 4a) to allow first transfer appliance (31) to move along first boarding/detraining zones (1, 1a) and second transfer appliance (32) to move along second boarding/detraining zone (2). First boarding/detraining zones (1, 1a) are located inside second transfer appliance (32) motion trajectory. First transfer appliances are formed by passenger seats (31) with skis fastened thereto while second transfer appliances are formed by ropeway passenger cabs without said skis. Seta (31) are driven through first boarding/detraining zone (1, 1a) at least double speed cabs (32) pass through second said zone (2).
EFFECT: increased capacity of ropeway.
7 cl, 7 dwg
FIELD: air transport.
SUBSTANCE: method includes impulse action on boundary layer, registration of flow conditions, regulation of frequency and amplitude impact on boundary layer in real time. Action on boundary layer and registration of flow conditions is made by elements performed as nano- or microtubes at aircraft surface. Action on boundary layer is made in pulse-periodic thermal mode. The device contains elements located at aircraft surface that act on boundary layer and register flow conditions and parametre management system acting on boundary layer in real time. Action elements and registration of flow conditions are made as mass of nano- and microtubes oriented at the base surface under angle to flux within range of 0≤β≤180°, where β is an angle between main flow and tubes. Tubes are located at the base surface by pairs in rows at current lines. One of the tube in a pair is a generator with pulse periodic thermal impact, the other is a registering sensor of boundary layer parameters.
EFFECT: increase in range of frequency acting on flow.
3 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machine building and may be used in sprinkler machines. Proposed wheel comprises pneumatic tire 1 with rim 2, hub 3 with axle 4, drive ring 6 with stops 7, fasteners to joint drive ring 6 with hub 3, pusher and self-adjusting brake interacting with stops 7 Stops 7 are mounted on removable shackles secured to drive ring 6 on the side of its outer circumference. Note here that shackle inner surface is aligned with drive ring outer circle arc. Thrust bolts are fitted on one side of shackle to enter shackle threaded holes to contact with drive ring 6. Adjusting screws are fitted on opposite side of said shackles to enter threaded holes and provided with taper ends to enter taper recesses on drive ring surface.
EFFECT: higher machine efficiency.
SUBSTANCE: device comprises pipelines of right and left wings of the machine, a unit of movement synchronisation along the course and control unit of the machine speed. The pipelines of the right and left wings of the machine are mounted on electric shuttles. The unit of movement synchronisation along the course comprises a guide wire. Along the irrigation channel on the racks a contact network is mounted, interacting with the current collector. The current collector through the telescopic mechanism is mounted on the shuttle. The shuttle moves on the opposite side of the irrigation channel. The current collector output is connected to the input of the control panel. The control panel output is connected to the input of electric power meter. The outputs of the electric power meter are connected to the inputs of the contactor, the microprocessor control unit, and the frequency converter. The inputs of the microprocessor control unit are connected to the timer, the course stabilisation system, the system of the shuttles synchronisation in line, the distometer, the irrigation norm setter, the setter of the irrigation length section, the flow meter, and the pressure gauge. The pressure gauge is mounted on the pipeline. The outputs of the microprocessor control unit are connected to electric hydraulic valve, frequency converter, contactor, devices of the shuttles synchronisation in line and devices of stabilisation of the left and right wing course. The outputs of the microprocessor control unit are connected via a vacuum pump to the pump input. The pump output through the electric hydraulic valve the flow meter is connected to the pipeline. The microprocessor control unit is connected to the input-output of the interface device. The signal from the output of the frequency converter is set to the electric drive of the left and right wing of the machine. The output of the contactor is connected through the electric motor to the pump input.
EFFECT: construction enables to improve the quality of irrigation and environmental friendliness of energotechnological process of irrigation.
SUBSTANCE: irrigation system comprises self-propelled trucks (11) with hydraulic actuators, an irrigation pipe (3) with water outlets, the water supply facility, devices of surface irrigation. The water supply facility comprises a drum (2) and a unit of connecting the hoses to the pipe (3) of the device. The drum (2) comprises two sections with two water-supply hoses coiled on them. The drum (2) is made with the ability to rotate freely on the pipe (3) of the device. The drum (2) is provided with a brake (17). The unit of connecting the hoses to the pipe (3) of the device comprises a two-way check valve (6). The two-way valve (6) comprises one outlet (7), and two inlets (8, 9) with slots (10, 11) made of an elastic material. Through-holes in the slots (10, 11) are alternately overlapped with the ball valve (12). The ball valve (12) is made with the ability to move freely from one slot to another in the guides (13). The inlets (8, 9) are connected to the first (14) and the second water-conducting hoses (15). The outlet (7) is connected to the cylinder with seals (16), which is located on the pipeline in the area of water-supply windows with the ability to rotate around the pipeline. Hose laying device comprises two guide wheels (18, 19) and stops (20). The guide wheels (18, 19) are located on the shaft (21) with the possibility of free rotation. The stops (20) prevent the movement of the drives on the shaft (21) in the axial direction and are pivotally mounted on the pipe (3) of the device of the brackets (22) with holes. In the holes the ends of the shaft are located with the ability to move freely in the holes in the axial direction. The first hose (14) is wound on the drum (2) in one direction and is placed in the first guide wheel (18). The second hose (15) is wound on the drum (2) in the opposite direction and is placed in the second guide wheel (19). Both hoses are provided on both ends with the pipes and are connected to the hydrants of the discharge pipe (27) of the irrigation network alternately. Subsurface irrigation devices of boom type are fixed with clamps on the pipe (3) of the device and are connected in pairs to the water outlets of the device with flexible hoses. The flexible hoses are connected to the water outlets through the T-shaped pipes. Subsurface irrigation devices in each pair are arranged symmetrically with respect to the pipe (3) of the device. Subsurface irrigation devices can be rotated around the longitudinal axis of the pipe (3) and can be fixed at a certain angle with a clamp of attachment clips.
EFFECT: construction enables to enhance the uniformity of distribution of rain on the area of irrigation.
SUBSTANCE: machine comprises a water bearing pipeline with sprinklers, a guiding bearing support. The guiding bearing support consists of two trucks with hydraulic drives. The trucks with the hydraulic drives are equipped with shutoff valves, actuating valves, and a slide of the follower. On the frame of the guiding truck the motion control system on course with the guide plate is mounted. The water bearing pipeline is mounted on the trucks with hydraulic drives. The slide of the follower moves in the guide groove. On the water bearing pipeline between the trucks of the guiding bearing support a drum is mounted with the ability to rotate with the flexible pressure hose. The extreme trucks of the machine are equipped with two speed controls of forward and reverse motion. The trucks with the use of ropes are connected with overhangs of frames of penultimate trucks. The shutoff valves are hydraulically connected with the actuating valves, which are controlled by the guide plate of the motion control system at the course.
EFFECT: construction enables to automatise the motion control of the irrigation system at the specified course.
SUBSTANCE: sprinkling machine comprises one central carriage 13 and two side carriages 14, 15 driven by hydraulic cylinders 10, 11, 12, sprinkling pipeline 18, speed controllers 16, 17, and machine course control device. Said side carriages are arranged in symmetry on both sides of said central carriage. Said machine course control device consists of carrier 2, frame 3, first and second pushers 4, 41, turn assembly 5, first and second speed controllers 16, 17. The latter consist of first and second shaped control rods 8, 6, first and second control valves 6, 7. Base of frame 1 is articulated to central carriage frame 13. Frame top is pivoted to carrier 2. Control rods are pivoted by their first ends to frame 1. Second end are pivoted to speed controllers to control first and second control valves. One speed controller is secured to one side carriage. Second speed controller is secured to another side carriage. Inlets of control valves are connected to machine pipeline 18. Control valve outlets are connected to side carriage hydraulic cylinders.
EFFECT: correction of machine travel.
SUBSTANCE: device includes a pumping station, a pressure distribution pipeline, a transport truck with a drum, a flexible irrigation pipe from the articulated sections with racks with sprinkling devices for positional irrigation of agricultural crops. The flexible irrigation pipe after irrigation is wound on a drum, without dismantling to sections. The barrels of the sprinkling devices are folded automatically, with each having a flexible element in its bottom. The flexible element is mounted on an adapter-hydrant of the irrigation pipe and secured on it with combined eye lugs and a finger. At the upper part of the barrel of the sprinkling device two supports with pushers are pivotally mounted. The pushers are attached to the protective casing. The casing is automatically thrust over the sprinkling device when reeling the irrigation pipe and yanking the supports.
EFFECT: this design enables to reduce irrigation erosion.
SUBSTANCE: selective velospraying machine, moved by the operator, provides a basic bicycle 1 with a side wheel and a pipe with nozzles 15 for liquid chemicals feeding of the treated crops. A high construction frame 2 is attached to the frame of the base bicycle with a lateral pipe with nozzles 15 for liquid chemicals feeding of the treated crops. The side wheel is fixed to the rack, which is connected to the construction frame by means of swing arm 5 with a movable element and the lock, and a horizontal rod, fixed in a side pipe with the possibility of extension. The nozzles 15 have a device 17 to install them and fix on the side pipe and horizontal rod, made with the possibility of regulation of their height and width to feet the selective plots.
EFFECT: design of velospraying machine is universal, because it allows lateral adjustment of the wheels and nozzles, depending on the width of space between rows of cultivated plots Its use will reduce labor costs involved in spraying.
SUBSTANCE: irrigation system consists of motorised vehicles with hydraulic device, irrigation devices, fixed pole with fixed pipe and turning knee, the control valve. Machine pipeline is connected to knee. Machine pipeline is equipped with irrigation apparatus and is placed on mobile carts with hydraulic drive. Last truck with hydraulic drive is equipped with crane setup device setting machine speed. Crane setup device is designed as a hydraulically driven valve. Hydraulically driven valve drain hole in the top cavity and is connected to hydraulic pressure pipe through another hydraulically driven valve. The hydraulic drive connected to protection system controls hydraulically driven valve. Control valve is mounted on the rotating knee and provided with a rod. Rod interacts with the guide groove of software unit. The software unit is fixed on the tube in the form of a disk. In the body of disk guide groove is placed, which reflects the reverse profile of the field on the front of machine movement. Irrigation machines are equipped with controls of flow characteristics. Controls of flow characteristics are made in the form of hydraulically driven valves. Hydraulic drives of hydraulically driven valves are separated with a membrane to form upper and lower chamber. The upper chambers of hydraulic drive are connected to the control tube of protection system. The lower chambers of hydraulic drive are connected to machine pipeline of the irrigation devices. The lower chamber of hydraulic drive adjusting spring is placed. Regulating spring interacts with the adjuster and the membrane of hydraulically driven valve through a per heel block.
EFFECT: design will enhance the functionality of the device
SUBSTANCE: proposed wheel comprises tire with rim, hub with side disks and axle, drive ring, fasteners to joint drive ring to hub, push rod and recoil brake. Thrusts are mounted on drive ring. Brake interacts with thrusts. Drive ring is provided with perforated corner plates arranged in midplane and secured on drive ring inner surface. Said ring may change its axial position and be locked by fasteners on threaded rods arranged parallel with axle and rigidly coupled with said disk. Side disk diameter exceeds that of hub. Rods pass through drive ring corner plate perforations.
EFFECT: higher reliability.
SUBSTANCE: sprinkler machine comprised a water supply pipeline with carriages, a fixed support and anti-rollback brakes. Carriages are connected to each other by means of an elbow that rotates around the vertical axis. Anti-rollback brakes are fixed on frames of carriages. There are trays installed under frames of carriages between the wheels. Trays are connected to frames of carriages by means of vertically directed springs.
EFFECT: increased reliability of sprinkler machine operation.
FIELD: irrigation equipment mounted on mobile sprinkler units for drop or fine-dispersion sprinkling systems.
SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has frame made in the form of three-dimensional construction comprising pipes mounted on vehicle equipped with pumping station and intake hose. Flexible water supply pipeline with sprinkler apparatuses is fixed on frame by means of cables. Water supply pipeline is made sectioned. Each section has segment and flanges connected with one another by means of carrier member made in the form of bent C-shaped profile or rolled part. Sections are connected with one another through adapter member made in the form of hollow spherical shell with disk arranged in meridian plane and with the help of fastening means. Adapter member is arranged in cavities at inlet end and at outlet end of adjacent segments of flexible water supply pipeline. Fastening means are made in the form of pins inserted into axially aligned openings of flanges and disks. Adapter member disk is connected through cable with frame of three-dimensional construction.
EFFECT: simplified construction, reduced metal usage, increased efficiency and improved distribution of artificial precipitation along flexible water supply pipeline.
3 cl, 5 dwg