Magnetoelectric machine rotor system

FIELD: electrical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: magnetoelectric machine rotor system consists of two coaxial rotors. The external (outer) rotor is designed in the shape of a hollow cylinder of high-strength, non-magnetic and electrically non-conductive material with constant magnets uniformly fixed thereon; the magnets are magnetised in a radial direction and have alternating polarity. There are gaps between the external rotor magnets wherein the retaining elements are positioned made of a non-magnetic and electrically non-conductive material. The internal rotor is designed in the shape of a shaft of a magnetically soft material, toothed on the outside, the internal rotor teeth number equal to that of the external rotor permanent magnets. The internal rotor radial bearings are positioned outside the external rotor bearings. The external rotor axial bearing is represented by axial magnetic forces of interaction between the permanent magnets of the external rotor, the stator core and the shaft.

EFFECT: provision for the rotor system rotors strength margin and increasing the proper frequency to a value in excess of rotation rate.

16 cl, 3 dwg

 

The invention relates to electrical engineering, in particular to high-speed electric machines for turbine-driven power plants of small capacity, i.e. about 250 kW to 1 MW. Speed mentioned electric cars, as a rule, above 40,000÷96000 rpm

Known for the high-speed rotor of the electric machine (Patent RF №2382472, IPC NC 1/27, NC 21/14, NC 1/28)containing the shaft with a fortified it alternating-pole magnetic system, made in the form tied to each other in the axial direction identical annular plates, which provide a window for accommodating permanent magnets magnetized in the tangential direction, in each of the annular plates formed of nonmagnetic zones, one of which is a covering shaft ring, and the other is located on the outer diameter of the ring fragments, limiting outside space of the window, and the length of a circular arc fragments 10-20% less than the width of the window, while the annular plate made of solid magnetic material having the ability to change its magnetic properties.

The disadvantage of analogue is the rotor has a large moment of inertia and mass, low stiffness. This will lead to the appearance of the natural (resonant) frequency of the rotor, the lower frequency of rotation of the rotor.

zwesten adopted for the prototype rotor of the electric machine (Patent RF №2212748, IPC NC 1/28, NC 21/12)containing the magnetic core on which evenly placed permanent magnets attached to them pole pieces made of magnetic material, between the permanent magnets with pole pieces having gaps, characterized in that the specified clearances are placed respectively made of a nonmagnetic material retaining elements, one ends rigidly fixed in the magnetic core and the surfaces of the other ends closely adjacent to the surfaces of the respective pairs of bevels made on the outer edges of pole pieces, said closely adjacent to each other of the surfaces are mated, and permanent magnets magnetized in the radial direction.

The disadvantage of the prototype is low reliability, due to the large mass of the rotor in case of insufficient rigidity. This leads to the presence of at least one natural (resonant) frequency, the value of which is less than the rotor speed.

The aim of the present invention is to increase the reliability of the rotary system.

The present invention is to increase the stiffness of the rotor system, reducing its length, mass and moment of inertia.

The technical result of the present invention to provide a reasonable reserve about the particular rotors rotor system, and also increase first "beamed" natural (resonant) frequencies above the frequency of rotation.

The invention is illustrated by drawings:

figure 1 - General view of the high-speed magneto-electric machine with "dual" system,

figure 2 is a cross section of the active part of magnetoelectric machine,

figure 3 is a fragment of the outer rotor magneto-electric machine.

Typically, the turbine is driven by a jet of hot gas with a temperature of about 1000÷1500°C. To increase thermal resistance of the turbo compressor system and eliminate the mutual influence of natural frequencies of the system and magneto-electric machine between them have a transmission that represents the torsion bar, or an electromagnetic clutch.

In the present invention, the role of electromagnetic coupling plays a shaft 1 (figure 1). It is made hollow (to reduce weight and moment of inertia) or continuous (to increase strength) of the magnetic material (e.g. steel), in the active part of which is cut teeth, and the number of teeth of the shaft 1 is greater than two. Number of teeth equal to the number of magnets of the outer rotor (figure 2). The outer rotor 2 is an external and 3 internal hollow cylinder (3) made of high-strength nonmagnetic elektroprovodyashchego material. Such materials may include fiberglass and Oglala the tick. Between the rings evenly placed permanent magnets 4, which are magnetized in the radial direction, the polarity of the permanent magnets 4 on the circumference of the alternates. Between the permanent magnets are gaps, these gaps are placed is made of non-magnetic elektroprovodyashchego material, such as fiberglass or carbon fiber, the retaining elements 5. The outer 2 and inner 3 hollow cylinders, the retaining elements 5, technologically represent a single whole. The radial bearings 6 of the outer rotor are positioned outside of the core 7 of the stator winding 8, and the radial bearings 9 of the shaft 1 are positioned outside of the bearings 6 of the outer rotor, and as the axial bearing used external radial magnetic attraction forces of the permanent magnets to the stator and the shaft 1. The axial bearing 10 of the shaft 1 fixed to the body 11.

On the shaft 1 mounted turbine wheel and compressor. The shaft 1, performing the function of the electromagnetic clutch, DAMPS vibration of the wheels of the turbine and compressor. In addition, the shaft 1 and air (gas) gap between the shaft 1 and the inner ring 3 of the outer rotor function and thermal resistance, preventing the heating of the permanent magnets 4, core 7 and the winding 8 gas, drive the turbine. Instead of the turbine and compressor shaft 1 can on titsa other elements of the mechanism (splined or toothed connection, fan and so on).

Magneto-electric machine operates as follows. The magnetic flux of each permanent magnet 4 passes through the external air (gas) gap, the nearest tooth of the stator core 7, the yoke of the stator core 7, the next tooth of the stator core 7, an air gap, following the permanent magnet 4, the internal air (gas) gap and closed by magnetic shaft 1. In motor mode, the terminals of each phase winding 8 of the stator magneto-electric machine is supplied with alternating voltage, the winding 8 current flows, causing the rotating MDS stator. During the flow of electric current through the coil 8 of the stator power is the interaction of the magnetic flux of the winding 8 with the main magnetic flux of the permanent magnets 4. Moving, wave MDS stator rotates the permanent magnets 4 and the shaft 1. The shaft 1 is rotated together with the permanent magnets 4 of the outer rotor through linking their magnetic force. The magnetic flux of permanent magnets 4 is moved from one stator tooth to the next, this induces an electromotive force (EMF) in the active part of the winding conductors 8, located in the slots of the stator core 7. The magnitude of the EMF due to the amount of magnetic flux and the rotational speed of the rotor system. During rotation of the rotor system magnetoelectric machine will give the engine the economic power of the compressor and turbine.

In generator mode rotary magneto-electric machine is driven by the turbine, while its torque is transmitted to the shaft 1. Field permanent magnets 4, moving together with the shaft 1 due to the magnetic force, crosses the conductors of the winding 8 of the stator, in which the induced EMF. If the load circuit is closed through the winding 8 current flows. Received in the stator winding 8, the electrical energy is transferred to the load.

As supports the rotor system can be used in high-speed bearings, antifriction bearings (ceramic), hydro or gas-static, hydro or gas-dynamic radar 6 and 9 (schematically shown in figure 1), or magnetic. From the point of view of reduction of dimensions, high reliability is the most preferred gas-dynamic bearings. They belong to the bearings and ensure the suspension of the rotor due to the "gas lubrication similar to oil the bearings provide for the suspension of the rotor due to the "oil wedge".

To reduce the aerodynamic losses from the gas passing through the rotor, between the outer rotor and stator may be fixed to the body 11 of the sleeve, the sealing cavity of the rotor. Between the shaft 1 and the sleeve is magnetic seal.

As an example, in the figure 2 image of the Jena magnetoelectric machine with a number of pairs of rotor poles p=6, the number of grooves of the stator Z=9, the number of phases m=3 and the number of grooves per pole and phase q=½<1. In the frontal part winding have a minimum length, which is important for reducing the dimensions of the system. In addition, the frontal part of the phases do not overlap, which is optimal for high-voltage windings, in which the phase voltage greater than 1 kV. The drawback of such windings is extensive harmonic composition of MDS and high losses from higher harmonics.

To reduce losses from higher harmonics for machines with phase voltage less than 1 kV to perform optimally winding with the number of grooves per pole and phase q≥1.

1. Rotary electromagnetic machine, comprising at least two coaxial rotors containing outer rotor, which evenly placed permanent magnets, permanent magnets magnetized in the radial direction between the permanent magnets are gaps, these gaps are placed is made of non-magnetic elektroprovodyashchego material retaining elements, characterized in that, to increase the critical frequencies and increase the factor of safety for stress from centrifugal force, the outer rotor is made in the form of a hollow cylinder of high strength non-magnetic, elektroprovodyashchego material, which is fixed to the permanent magnets, the polarity of the permanent magnets rotate and vnutrennie made in the form of a shaft of magnetic material, gear on the outside, while the number of teeth of the inner rotor is equal to the number of permanent magnets, the radial bearings of the outer rotor are arranged outside the stator core, the radial bearings of the inner rotor are positioned outside of the bearings of the outer rotor, and as the axial bearing of the outer rotor axial magnetic forces of permanent magnets of the outer rotor, stator core and the shaft.

2. Rotary electromagnetic machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the teeth of the shaft is greater than two.

3. Rotary electromagnetic machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the movement of the shaft in the axial direction of the fixed axial bearing.

4. Rotary electromagnetic machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the shaft is made hollow.

5. Rotary electromagnetic machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the shaft is made of a solid.

6. Rotary electromagnetic machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the high strength elektroprovodyashchie material of the shaft and the retaining elements - the carbon fiber.

7. Rotary electromagnetic machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the high strength elektroprovodyashchie material of the shaft and the retaining elements - GRP.

8. Rotary electromagnetic machine is about to claim 1, characterized in that on the shaft of the turbine wheel and compressor.

9. Rotary electromagnetic machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the shaft is splined connection.

10. Rotary electromagnetic machine according to claim 1, characterized in that on the shaft is a gear connection.

11. Rotary electromagnetic machine according to claim 1, characterized in that on the shaft is a fan.

12. Rotary electromagnetic machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the radial bearings are used in gas-dynamic radar bearings, providing for the suspension of the rotor due to the "gas lubrication.

13. Rotary electromagnetic machine according to claim 1, characterized in that between the outer rotor and stator is fixed to the stator sleeve, the sealing cavity of the rotor due to the magnetic seal.

14. Rotary electromagnetic machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the inner bearings are located inside the hollow shaft.

15. Rotary electromagnetic machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the stator has a high voltage winding with the number of grooves per pole and phase q<1.

16. Rotary electromagnetic machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the stator has a low-voltage winding with the number of grooves on the floor of the with and the phase q≥1.



 

Same patents:

Electric machine // 2474945

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: electric machine comprises a tight body, in the cavity of which a laminated stator core is installed with open slots, where winding coils are arranged, and a rotor. At the same time the laminated stator core is equipped with radial packet-to-packet ventilation channels, aerodynamically communicated longitudinal channels of the body with inlet holes communicated via a filter with environment, conductors of the winding of each stator slot are fixed with a wedge and a key insert contacting with it, the cross section of which is arranged as capable of fixing the key insert back under the slot wedge, and the section of the ledge corresponds to the section of the slot splint, the surface of the key insert back along its entire length is equipped with a longitudinal chute communicated with packet-to-packet ventilation channels of the stator core, volumes of key inserts protruding above the surface of the stator core cavity are combined into a tubular bushing, preferably made from segments, with formation of the inner surface of cylindrical shape, besides, in the cavity of the body there are cylindrical bushings installed, the diameter of the cavity in which is equal to the diameter of the tubular bushing, between ends of the stator core and ends of cylindrical bushings facing them there are thrust rings installed, the cavity of which exceeds the diameter of the cylindrical cavity of the stator core, equipped with a collar, covering a part of the outer surface of the cylindrical bushing. Thrust rings are made of non-magnetic material and are fixed with a stator core, cylindrical bushings are installed as capable of radial displacement relative to the longitudinal axis of the cylindrical cavity of the stator core, for this purpose contacts of bushings with the body, end shield and thrust rings are equipped with sealing rings made with the possibility of elastic deformation radially and along the relatively longitudinal axis of the stator core. The electric machine comprises an inductor with the outer cylindrical surface made of poles, permanent magnets, non-magnet wedges, a shaft, the length of which exceeds the length of the inductor, besides, with the inductor ends there are end cylindrical bushings fixed rigidly, which are made of a non-magnetic material and arranged aflush with the outer surface of the inductor.

EFFECT: invention provides for minimum sagging of a rotor, improved cooling of a rotor and a stator winding with simultaneous reduction of weight and dimension indices and higher resources of electric machines, including those operating under higher and high frequencies of rotation.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention describes direct rotation generator that includes holder of iron cores and rotating shaft arranged on holder of iron cores. The first and the second rotating discs are located on two corresponding ends of rotating shaft. The first iron core is located on holder of iron cores, and the first winding is located at the periphery of holder of iron cores. The first sealing plate is located on the first rotating disc; the first magnet is located on the first rotating disc or on the first sealing plate, and surface of the first magnet and surface of the first sealing plate share one surface. The fourth magnet is located on the second rotating disc. The first magnet and the fourth magnet correspond to two ends of the first iron core, and poles of the first and the fourth magnets, which face each other, are opposite. One end of the first iron core includes liquid tank that is filled with magnetic liquid; at that, end of the first iron core, which is filled with magnetic liquid, contacts the first sealing plate. The main magnetic flux of direct rotation generator and magnetic flux created with induced current are horizontal and parallel to iron core, which considerably reduces the impact of resistance on rotation of iron core and magnets.

EFFECT: saving of energy for generation of electric energy and increase in generator efficiency.

10 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: in the method to control a frequency-controlled induction electric drive with a short-circuited rotor there is a setter used arranged as a relay controller, from which a signal of optimum accuracy arrives to an input of frequency converter speed control. A tracking system comprises a frequency converter implementing vector control, an induction motor with a short-circuited rotor. The setter comprises a sensor of phase currents, a sensor of instantaneous speed signal value, a sensor of phase voltages, a converter of current phase number, a vector-analyser, a converter of voltage phase number, rotators of current and voltage, a unit of parametric coefficients, a unit of switching function coefficients, a unit of summators, a unit of multiplication, a summator, a unit of setting signals, a unit to produce a setting signal for rotor flux linkage and an appropriate coefficient of PI-controller, a unit to produce a setting signal for rotor flux linkage and an appropriate PI-controller coefficient, a relay with high switching frequency, a scaling unit, a multiplier, a selector and a switch connected as specified in application materials.

EFFECT: production of control of optimum accuracy over speed of shaft rotation in a frequency-controlled asynchronous electric drive with a short-circuited rotor.

2 cl, 1 dwg

Electric motor // 2454774

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: electric motor (1) consists of the first structure (4) that includes some magnetic poles formed by a certain sum of magnetic poles (4a) organised in certain direction and arranged in such a way that every two neighbouring magnetic poles (4a) have polarity that differ from one another, the second structure (3) that includes some armatures located opposite to the said magnetic poles for generating movable magnetic fields moving in certain direction between the row of armature and row of magnetic poles under the influence of certain sum of armature magnetic poles generated in the armatures (3c - 3e) at electric power supply to them, and the third structure (5) that includes a row of elements from magnetic-soft material formed by certain sum of elements (5a) from magnetic-soft material organised in certain direction with a one gap in relation to the other and arranged in such a way that a row of elements from magnetic-soft material is located between a row of magnetic poles and a row of armatures, number of magnetic poles (4a) and number of elements (5a) from magnetic-soft material is determined by the ratio 1 : m : (1 + m)/2 (m ≠ 1.0).

EFFECT: decrease of dimensions and manufacturing cost of the said electric motor with simultaneous provision of possibility to increase freedom degree at its designing.

6 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: axial two-input contactless dynamo includes body, permanent multipolar magnet of induction coil subexciter, lateral axial magnetic conductor with polyphase armature winding of subexciter, single-phase winding of subexcitor and auxiliary excitation winding of exciter which is connected to DC power supply source through contacts, inner axial magnetic conductor with polyphase armature winding of exciter and single-phase excitation winding of main generator, lateral axial magnetic conductor with polyphase armature winding of main generator, shaft fixed in bearing assemblies and rigidly bound with permanent multipolar magnet of induction coil subexciter and inner axial magnetic conductor by means of respective discs. Single-phase excitation winding of exciter is connected to polyphase armature winding of subexciter through polyphase double-wave rectifier. Single-phase excitation winding of main generator is connected to polyphase armature winding of exciter through polyphase double-wave rectifier.

EFFECT: possibility of adding and conversion of mechanical power and DC electrical power into AC polyphase electrical power, simplification of magnet system manufacturing technology, quality improvement of generated voltage.

1 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: electric machine rotor comprises a hollow shaft of non-magnetic material and a cylinder placed on it made of magnetic-soft material with high magnetic permeability, in longitudinal radial slots of which there are permanent magnets fixed with non-magnet metal wedges, the outer surface of which complies with curvature of the outer surface of the cylinder, at the same time, according to this invention the cylinder is rigidly fixed to the hollow shaft and non-magnet metal wedges along the entire area of their contacts, and rotor ends are rigidly fixed with cylindrical bushings made of non-magnetic material, coaxial and rigidly fixed with the hollow shaft, besides, cylindrical bushings are equipped with through bores aligned in parallel to the longitudinal axis of the cylinder, at the same time the through bores match longitudinal radial slots of the cylinder in quantity and location and exceed their dimensions by the value sufficient for free passage of permanent magnets through them, besides, the permanent magnets are equipped with facilities of their fixation in longitudinal radial slots of the cylindrical bushings, besides, the external surface of the cylinder is equipped with a bandage made by winding of a flexible thread from high-strength non-magnetic material, for instance, a carbon fibre, at the same time the external surface of the bandage is of cylindrical shape that complies in diameter and roughness to the specified cylindrical bushings. Threads in the bandage are fixed by impregnation with hardening synthetic resins. Facilities for fixation of permanent magnets in longitudinal radial slots of the cylinder are made of parts from non-magnetic material that follow the cross section of through bores in the cylindrical bushings and are tightly installed in the through bores, in contact with the ends of the permanent magnets. Besides, the free end of at least one cylindrical bushing is closed with a screwed-in or a pressed cover. Besides, to fix the rigidly connected parts of the rotor, vacuum-diffusion welding is used.

EFFECT: considerable improvement of the electric machine rotor mechanical strength, increased resource during its operation at increased and high frequencies of rotation due to arrangement of the gas bearing between the bushing placed in the stator and fixed in the end shields, and the rotor, which provides for the possibility to reject frictionless bearings, this electric machine rotor does not have sagging, since the rotor surface is used as the journal.

5 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: electric machine rotor comprises a hollow shaft of non-magnetic material and a cylinder placed on it made of magnetic-soft material with high magnetic permeability, in longitudinal radial slots of which there are permanent magnets fixed with non-magnet metal wedges, the outer surface of which complies with curvature of the outer surface of the cylinder, at the same time, according to this invention the cylinder is rigidly fixed to the hollow shaft and non-magnet metal wedges along the entire area of their contacts, and rotor ends are rigidly fixed with cylindrical bushings made of non-magnetic material, coaxial and rigidly fixed with the hollow shaft, besides, cylindrical bushings are equipped with through bores aligned in parallel to the longitudinal axis of the cylinder, at the same time the through bores match longitudinal radial slots of the cylinder in quantity and location and exceed their dimensions by the value sufficient for free passage of permanent magnets through them, besides, the permanent magnets are equipped with facilities of their fixation in longitudinal radial slots of the cylindrical bushings.

EFFECT: considerable improvement of the electric machine rotor mechanical strength, increased resource during its operation at increased and high frequencies of rotation due to arrangement of the gas bearing between the bushing placed in the stator and fixed in the end shields, and the rotor, which provides for the possibility to reject frictionless bearings, this electric machine rotor does not have sagging, since the rotor surface is used as the journal.

4 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the design of non-contact magnetic electric machines with electromagnetic reduction with axial excitation from constant magnets and can be used in automation systems, in military and space engineering, in domestic equipment, as motorised wheels, motorised drums, starter-generators, electric steering wheel boosters, lifting mechanisms, electric drives of concrete mixers, belt conveyors, liquid transfer pumps, mechanisms with high torques on the shaft and low frequencies of the shaft rotation, as direct drives without using any mechanical reduction gears, as direct drives without using any mechanical reduction gears, as well as wind-driven generators, hydraulic generators, high-frequency electric generators, synchronous frequency converters, and as controlled stepped hybrid motors. Non-contact magnetic electric reduction machine with axial excitation includes stator the armature core of which consists of insulated electrotechnical steel plates with high magnetic permeability, and has salient poles on inner surface of which there are elementary teeth, coil m-phase armature winding, each coil of which is arranged on the appropriate salient pole of armature, and ferromagnetic rotor without winding, which contains inductor with odd and even toothed cores with equal number of teeth on each core; odd and even toothed cores of inductor are made in the form of packs consisting of insulated electrotechnical steel plates with high magnetic permeability; number of inductor cores is not less than two; even inductor cores are offset relative to odd ones in tangential direction through the half of their toothed division; between magnetic conductors of inductor there located are ring-shaped layers of segmental constant magnets axially magnetised in one direction. At that, for serviceability of non-contact magnetic electric reduction machine with axial excitation there shall be met certain relations between the number of salient poles of armature, number of elementary teeth on salient pole of armature, number of salient poles of armature in phase, total number of armature teeth, number of teeth on each inductor core and number of phases of m-phase armature winding.

EFFECT: manufacture of high-technology constructions of non-contact magnetic electric reduction machines with axial excitation with high electromagnetic reduction and enlarged capabilities of their application at maintaining high energy parameters and operating characteristics.

5 cl, 5 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the design of non-contact synchronous electric machines with axial excitation and can be used in wide range of frequencies of machine shaft rotation (from units of revolutions per minute to several tens of thousands of revolutions per minute) in automation systems, independent electric equipment systems, in military, space engineering, on aviation and automobile transport, as traction controlled and non-controlled electric actuators, wind-driven generators, multiphase synchronous motors, multi-phase high-frequency synchronous AC electric generators and multiphase generators of frequency converters (including three-phase systems), as well as at rectification of output variable voltage and current of generators by means of semiconductor rectifying devices and with possibility of using smoothing filters to reduce fluctuations of output parameters - as DC (rectified current) power supply sources. Stator of the proposed magnetoelectric non-contact machine with axial excitation contains odd and even armature cores. Each core of armature has laminated pack consisting of insulated electrotechnical steel plates with high permeability with salient poles of armature. Cores of armature, the number of which is at least two, are fixed in non-magnetic housing. On salient poles of armature there located is coil multi-phase winding of armature, each coil of which envelopes one of salient poles of armature of each armature core, which are located opposite each other in axial direction. Ring-shaped layers of segmental constant magnets are located between armature cores. In ring-shaped layers the constant magnets adjoin odd armature cores in axial direction by means of one magnetic polarity, and they adjoin even cores with the other magnetic polarity. Number of ring-shaped layers of segmental constant magnets is one less than the number of armature cores. Rotor without winding includes non-magnetic shaft with soft magnetic bushing put on it, on which there coaxially located are odd and even rotor magnetic conductors with pole projections, which are represented with laminated packs and consist of insulated electrotechnical steel plates with high magnetic permeability. Number of magnetic conductors of rotor is equal to number of armature cores. Odd and even rotor magnetic conductors are located relative to the appropriate odd and even armature cores and have the same active length in axial direction. Even rotor magnetic conductors are offset relative to odd magnetic conductors in tangential direction through the half of pole pitch of rotor magnetic conductor. At that, certain ratios are fulfilled between the number of salient armature poles, number of phases of multi-phase coil winding of armature, number of salient poles of armature in phase and number of pole projections of each magnetic conductor of the rotor.

EFFECT: obtaining reliable and highly repairable design, appropriate to the material, of multi-phase non-contact magnetoelectric machine with axial excitation with high energy properties and operating characteristics at wide range of shaft rotation frequencies and with various ratio of active length and bore diameter of machine stator.

16 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: non-contact reduction machine with axial excitation includes stator with housing made from soft magnetic material with odd and even packs of stator, which are laminated and consist of insulated electrotechnical steel plates with high magnetic permeability, and the number of which is not less than two, non-magnetic shaft; stator packs contain salient poles uniformly distributed along cylindrical surface, on inner surface of which there are elementary teeth; stator packs in tangential direction are located so that axes of their salient poles located opposite each other in axial direction coincide; odd and even rotor packs the number of which is equal to number of stator packs are pressed on the appropriate odd and even magnetic conductors of rotor, which are put on non-magnetic bushing installed on non-magnetic shaft; rotor packs contain teeth uniformly distributed along cylindrical surface; even packs of rotor are offset relative to odd rotor packs in tangential direction through the half of tooth division of rotor pack; between rotor magnetic conductors there located are ring-shaped layers of constant magnets axially magnetised in one direction; number of ring-shaped layers of constant magnets is one less than number of rotor packs; on salient poles of stator packs there is coil m-phase armature winding each coil of which in axial direction envelopes the appropriate salient poles of even and odd stator packs of one pole of each pack; excitation winding of inductor is made in the form of ring-shaped coils with longitudinal axis coinciding with longitudinal axis of machine; number of ring-shaped coils of excitation winding of inductor is one less than the number of stator packs. At that, for serviceability of machine there shall be certain relations between the number of salient poles of armature, number of elementary teeth on salient pole of armature, number of salient poles of armature in phase, total number of armature teeth, number of teeth on each pack of rotor and number of phases of m-phase armature winding.

EFFECT: manufacture of high-technology constructions with possibility of using frame coils of armature winding of non-contact electric reduction machines with axial combined excitation and using electromagnetic reduction in wide ranges at providing high energy parameters and operating characteristics with possibility of smooth and deep control by means of output parameters.

9 cl, 5 dwg, 1 tbl

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of electrical engineering and transport machine building and may be used in development of mechanisms, in which it is necessary to change torque and rotations of an output shaft of an electric motor. According to this invention, in an electric motor a differential gear is used as a converter of transmission ratio, and the gear comprises one input and two outputs, the input of which is connected to a rotor of the electric motor, one of outputs, to which a high torque is sent, is connected with an output shaft, and the second output is connected with the second rotor, which is inductively connected with the rotor of the electric motor, and in case of their mutual rotation, it generates electric energy, and force arising at the same time, by changing which, through variation of inductive connection between rotors, the speed up rate may be controlled, as well as output shaft rotation speed, partially blocking the gear, aims to reduce mutual relative opposite rotation of the electric motor rotor and the second rotor. The second rotor is also connected with a speed-up coupling, which is connected with the body by a response part, and preventing rotation of the second rotor to the side opposite to direction of the electric motor rotor rotation.

EFFECT: multiple increase of electric motor torque in case of speeding.

1 dwg

Electromagnet motor // 2470442

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention is referred to electric engineering and power engineering, in particular, to electromagnetic motors. The electromagnetic motor comprises a rotor arranged in the form of a shaft installed as capable of rotation of at least two discs installed on the shaft, with permanent magnets arranged along their periphery, a stator comprising electromagnets installed as capable of interaction with permanent magnets, besides, the permanent magnets are arranged in the form of cylinders, planes of ends of which are located in the radial plane of each disc, besides, permanent magnets of the first and second discs face each other with poles, and the stator comprises electromagnets in the form of solenoids without magnetic conductors installed between discs of the rotor, two start-up electromagnets, comprising non-linked magnetic conductors and installed oppositely to a permanent magnet, of any of rotor discs, a contactless induction switch installed on the stator opposite to any of permanent magnets of rotor discs with the possibility of interaction with each of permanent magnets arranged on one of rotary discs of the rotor, at the moment of permanent magnet passing through a zone of sensitivity of a sensor part of the contactless induction switch.

EFFECT: increased capacity of a motor.

8 dwg

Power plant // 2457958

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to automotive power plants. Proposed power plant comprises thermal engine and rotary machine. Rotary machine comprises stator, first and second rotors. One of the latter is coupled with thermal engine. Another rotor is coupled with. Stator incorporates several armatures to generate rotary magnetic field. First rotor comprises some magnetic poles. The latter are made up of multiple magnetic poles arranged with clearance in direction along the circle. Every two adjacent poles feature unlike polarities. Second rotor comprises some elements from magnetically soft material. The latter are arranged between armatures and magnetic poles. Relationship between number of armature poles, magnetic poles and elements from magnetically soft material satisfy the following condition: 1:m:(1+m)/2, where m ≠ 1,0.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

17 cl, 31 dwg

Electric motor // 2454774

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: electric motor (1) consists of the first structure (4) that includes some magnetic poles formed by a certain sum of magnetic poles (4a) organised in certain direction and arranged in such a way that every two neighbouring magnetic poles (4a) have polarity that differ from one another, the second structure (3) that includes some armatures located opposite to the said magnetic poles for generating movable magnetic fields moving in certain direction between the row of armature and row of magnetic poles under the influence of certain sum of armature magnetic poles generated in the armatures (3c - 3e) at electric power supply to them, and the third structure (5) that includes a row of elements from magnetic-soft material formed by certain sum of elements (5a) from magnetic-soft material organised in certain direction with a one gap in relation to the other and arranged in such a way that a row of elements from magnetic-soft material is located between a row of magnetic poles and a row of armatures, number of magnetic poles (4a) and number of elements (5a) from magnetic-soft material is determined by the ratio 1 : m : (1 + m)/2 (m ≠ 1.0).

EFFECT: decrease of dimensions and manufacturing cost of the said electric motor with simultaneous provision of possibility to increase freedom degree at its designing.

6 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: method is realised by variation of terminal electric machine stator and rotors design variation, and also by using non-magnet and dielectric materials in bearing structures of the machine, which make it possible to reduce losses from occurrence of vortex currents. Application of up-to-date non-magnet and dielectric materials with sufficient heat resistance and strength exceeding strength of metals, and also with lower volume weight in manufacturing of electric machines will make it possible to wider use terminal electric machines of the proposed design in aircraft building.

EFFECT: improved manufacturability of terminal machines production, higher stiffness of their main parts and increased power indices of a terminal electric machine.

3 dwg

FIELD: electrical engineering; engines.

SUBSTANCE: applied engine has metal armature bodies with coils on them and magnets placed in numerous levels. The magnetic conductors with their concentric placement form a rotor, according to this invention. The rotor includes numerous cylindrical magnetic conductors placed in many levels in radial direction, and numerous magnets attached to their respective conductors with alternation of the magnets' polarity in relation to each other in the peripheral direction. The stator has metal armature bodies turned to their respective magnetic conductors and numerous coils turned to magnets. Furthermore, an actuating mechanism for engaging the abovementioned engine is suggested, including the brake disc and the calliper. The brake disc is fixedly connected with the engine's rotor. The calliper is installed on one side of the brake disc to limit the brake disc rotation.

EFFECT: increase in the engine's power and in the power of the actuating mechanism for the said engine, which at the same time improves the mass and dimensions parameters for both devices.

19 cl, 16 dwg

Electrical machine // 2440659

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: in a proposed electrical machine, comprising a device for development of a magnetic field, where an inductor is represented by ferromagnetic cores with electric coils, and devices for conversion of one type of energy into another one, according to the invention, the device for development of the magnetic field is made as a separate unit in the form of a flange with concentric flanges on the wall made of non-magnetic and dielectric materials. In through radial slots made on flange collar rims, in a certain sequence, ferromagnetic cores are fixed with electric coils, which form pole pairs of the electrical machine. Stiffness of ferromagnetic cores fixation with electric coils in slots is ensured by a pressing cover, which is also made from non-magnetic and dielectric material. The device to convert one type of energy into another one consists of two rotors. One rotor is installed in the inner part of the device to develop a magnetic field and interacts with a so called main magnetic flux Φm and interacts with a so called magnetic leakage flux Φl.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of electrical machine operation due to using a magnetic leakage flux Φl in electric motors to develop a torque Mt, and in current generators - for production of electric energy.

4 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: electrical machine of double rotation includes stator, rotors installed so that they can rotate, the first blades that are connected to the first rotor and are rotated with the first rotor in the first direction, the second blades that are connected to the second rotor and are rotated with the second rotor in the second direction, shafts of rotors, and bearings that allow rotation of shafts, load-carrying housing; the first blades and the second blades are arranged outside the housing; stator is made in the form of individual teeth with winding without yoke, and rotors are made in the form of concentric sleeves from material with high magnetic permeability, which are located on outer and inner side of stator; on sleeves there fixed are radially magnetised constant magnets; polarity of neighbouring constant magnets alternates; on each tooth there located is concentric winding insulated from housing; number of poles of the first rotor is equal to the number of periods of the first fundamental harmonic of magnetomotive force of stator winding; number of poles of the second rotor is equal to the number of periods of the second fundamental harmonic of magnetomotive force of stator winding; rotors are not attached to each other and directions of their rotation are opposite.

EFFECT: improving reliability of electric machine of double rotation at simultaneous exclusion of transmission to its stator of reactive moment and providing the possibility of using air flows with low linear speeds for operation of this machine in generator mode.

9 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: power industry.

SUBSTANCE: double-rotor tooth wind-driven generator includes stationary stator winding of solenoid type, as well as two rotors from non-magnetic material. Rotors are made in the form of discs and located coaxially. Equal even number of constant magnets is distributed uniformly on each rotor. Stationary stator winding of solenoid type is wound along axis of wind-driven generator and located between two cylindrical cores from ferromagnetic material. Core with larger diameter is fixed with its outer side in the housing. Both rotors are arranged on one shaft. Shaft is connected to wind wheel and has the possibility of being rotated in bearing supports fixed in the housing. Constant magnets are U-shaped, and their poles are located coaxially on each of the rotors and directed unipolar to each other. Each of constant magnets has the possibility of coaxial rotation with edges of cylindrical cores. Edges of cylindrical cores have tooth shape with number of teeth equal to number of constant magnets. Teeth of one edge of cylindrical cores are coaxial to slots of other edge of cylindrical cores. In each slot there located is connection strap from ferromagnetic material, which connects both cores.

EFFECT: increasing EMF induced in stator winding and simplifying the manufacturing procedure of stator winding.

4 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: engine includes stator with the first and the second armatures which form rotating magnetic field, inner rotor with the first and the second constant magnets, and outer rotor (13) located between stator and inner rotor. Outer rotor (13) includes rotor housing (31) that supports the first and the second induction magnetic poles (38L, 38R) made from feebly magnetic material so that they are inserted into rotor housing. Phase of the first induction magnetic pole (38L) coincides with phase of the second induction magnetic pole (38R). The first and the second induction magnetic poles are assembled in rotor housing (31) so that they are inserted into linear slots (31a) formed in rotor housing in (L) axis direction. Since the first and the second induction magnetic poles (38L, 38R) are aligned in (L) axis direction, outer rotor (13) has simple design and improved reliability. Besides, support and assembly of the first and the second induction magnetic poles (38L, 38R) in outer rotor (13) is simplified.

EFFECT: simpler structure of rotor supporting the induction magnetic poles, improving reliability of rotating electric machine.

16 cl, 39 dwg

Electric machine // 2474945

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: electric machine comprises a tight body, in the cavity of which a laminated stator core is installed with open slots, where winding coils are arranged, and a rotor. At the same time the laminated stator core is equipped with radial packet-to-packet ventilation channels, aerodynamically communicated longitudinal channels of the body with inlet holes communicated via a filter with environment, conductors of the winding of each stator slot are fixed with a wedge and a key insert contacting with it, the cross section of which is arranged as capable of fixing the key insert back under the slot wedge, and the section of the ledge corresponds to the section of the slot splint, the surface of the key insert back along its entire length is equipped with a longitudinal chute communicated with packet-to-packet ventilation channels of the stator core, volumes of key inserts protruding above the surface of the stator core cavity are combined into a tubular bushing, preferably made from segments, with formation of the inner surface of cylindrical shape, besides, in the cavity of the body there are cylindrical bushings installed, the diameter of the cavity in which is equal to the diameter of the tubular bushing, between ends of the stator core and ends of cylindrical bushings facing them there are thrust rings installed, the cavity of which exceeds the diameter of the cylindrical cavity of the stator core, equipped with a collar, covering a part of the outer surface of the cylindrical bushing. Thrust rings are made of non-magnetic material and are fixed with a stator core, cylindrical bushings are installed as capable of radial displacement relative to the longitudinal axis of the cylindrical cavity of the stator core, for this purpose contacts of bushings with the body, end shield and thrust rings are equipped with sealing rings made with the possibility of elastic deformation radially and along the relatively longitudinal axis of the stator core. The electric machine comprises an inductor with the outer cylindrical surface made of poles, permanent magnets, non-magnet wedges, a shaft, the length of which exceeds the length of the inductor, besides, with the inductor ends there are end cylindrical bushings fixed rigidly, which are made of a non-magnetic material and arranged aflush with the outer surface of the inductor.

EFFECT: invention provides for minimum sagging of a rotor, improved cooling of a rotor and a stator winding with simultaneous reduction of weight and dimension indices and higher resources of electric machines, including those operating under higher and high frequencies of rotation.

3 cl, 2 dwg

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