System of power supply and subsoilwater irrigation of greenhouse
SUBSTANCE: system comprises a water boiler 1, a circulating heating circuit, a device discharge of the fuel combustion products into the atmosphere 17 and a gas distribution device 18. The water boiler is equipped with a thermogenerating module 22 for generating and supply of current to the accumulator batteries for lighting greenhouses and for economic needs. The circulating heating circuit is equipped with a water-supply capacity 9 which is connected to a flexible delivery hose 11. The hose has individual connections 13 and subsoilwater humidifiers 15 for irrigation of the root area of plants.
EFFECT: in this implementation the energy efficiency for heating and lighting greenhouses is increases, as well as the efficiency of water resources for subsoil irrigation of the cultivated crops, maintaining the required temperature regime and humidifying of the root area, thus improving the course of the growing season of plants and therefore the effectiveness of use of the greenhouse.
The invention relates to agriculture in terms of energy supply and irrigation of greenhouses to optimize energy consumption for heating and lighting greenhouse space, as well as subsurface temperature-controlled irrigation of root field crops. The application of this invention will produce cost savings and more efficient use of energy and water resources required for effective operation of greenhouses.
A device for heating greenhouses containing the boiler, the heating system of the tent greenhouse, connected to the boiler, the contact of heat of the combustion products, a system of subsurface heating greenhouses, tank battery heated water, air decarbonization with a gas outlet pipe connected to the pipe with the atmosphere and with the distribution system, with the emitter of carbon dioxide (USSR author's certificate No. 1111706, CL 01G 9/24, 1982).
The drawbacks are low productivity and increased fuel consumption, excessive consumption of electric power required for operation of the electric fan. In addition, this device does not allow to produce additional electrical energy to accumulate and use for lighting a greenhouse, as well as to provide a temperature controlled within Oconee irrigation of crops.
The closest technical solution is the device containing the boiler, the heating system of the tent greenhouse, connected to the boiler, the contact of heat of the combustion products, a system of subsurface heating greenhouses, tank battery, air decarbonization with pipe outlet vapour, United pipeline suction duct of the blower fan of the boiler, and distribution system greenhouses (patent RU №2087094, IPC A01G 9/24, 1997).
This device does not allow to produce additional electrical energy to accumulate and use for lighting greenhouses and other economic needs, and to provide temperature-controlled subsurface irrigation of crops.
The technical result achieved by the present invention is to reduce costs and improve the efficiency of use of energy resources for heating, lighting and water temperature-controlled subsurface irrigation of root field crops. The result is a high efficiency operation of greenhouses.
This technical result is achieved in that the power supply system and sub-surface irrigation, greenhouses (hereinafter "System") consists of a water boiler, equipped with a thermogenerator module inlet and outlet of the heating pipelines with the ground plate radiators and part of the subsoil, vodopada expansion vessel connected to a flexible distribution hose with subsurface humidifiers, device distribution and rechargeable batteries.
Figure 1 - "System" (General view).
The proposed System consists of: the circulation heating circuit, equipped with a water boiler (1) with thermogenerator module (22), inlet pipe (2), centrifugal pump (3), outlet pipe (4), ground plate radiators (5), subsurface heating part (6)pump tubing (7) with shutoff valve (8), vodopada expansion vessel (9) with shutoff valve (10) connected to a flexible distribution hose (11), equipped with a shutoff valve (12), individual connections (13 with shut-off valves (14) and subsurface moisturizers (15), perforated in the lower part (16), the device tap of products of combustion into the atmosphere (17), the timing device (18), equipped with shut-off valve (19), filter (20) and deflector (21), electrical wires (23) and rechargeable batteries (24).
"System" works as follows. Run the circulation heating circuit enabling water boiler (1) is provided with a thermogenerator module (22) and a centrifugal pump (3). The water is heated to the desired te is the temperature, circulates through the ground plate radiators (5), subsurface heating part (6) creating a certain temperature inside the greenhouse. Irrigation of cultivated plants in the greenhouse is made from vodopada expansion vessel (9), which is connected with a flexible distribution hose (11). When the water under the influence of temperature conditions created by the circulation heating circuit, the temperature required for irrigation of the root area of the plants, open the stop valve (10) and the water enters the flexible distribution hose (11), then through individual connections (13) enters the subsurface humidifiers (15) and, respectively, in the root area of the plants uniformly moistening the soil layer throughout its volume. If necessary shutdown of one or more humidifiers is closing shut-off valves (14). When emptying vodopada expansion vessel (9) open the stop valve (8) on vodopadom the pipeline (7) and is CE filling. Water flow in the circulation heating circuit is done by opening a shut-off valve (10). The products of combustion produced by the water boiler (1) discharged to the atmosphere by means of a device (17). When you lack nekislogo gas, which is formed by the combustion of fuel in the water-heating boiler (1), necessary for plant growth, the work enters the timing device (18). For inclusion in the operation of the timing device (18) open the stop valve (19) and carbon dioxide, which cleans the filter (20) from the rest of the combustion products flowing via the vent (21) inside the greenhouse, promoting active growing period of the crops grown. Excess thermal energy generated by the combustion of fuel in the water-heating boiler (1), is converted to electricity using a thermogenerator module (22), working on the principle of temperature difference between its sides. Received, as a result, electrical energy is supplied through electric wires (23) of the battery (24), from which it can be used for lighting of greenhouses and other business needs.
The consequence of this scheme of work "System" are saving and improving the efficiency of use of energy resources for heating, lighting and water for subsurface irrigation of crops, as well as maintaining the required temperature and moisture to the root zone, which improves the quality of the course of the vegetation period of plants and, consequently, the result is you want to make the operation of greenhouses.
The power supply system and sub-surface irrigation, greenhouses, including water boiler, the circulation heating circuit device tap of products of combustion into the atmosphere and the timing device, and a water boiler equipped with a thermogenerator module for the generation and supply of power in the rechargeable batteries for lighting greenhouses and economic needs, and the circulation heating circuit - vodopada capacity, which is connected with a flexible distribution tubing having individual connections and subsurface humidifiers for irrigation of root area of the plants.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture and can be used to control the climate in the greenhouse. The system comprises a controller unit, a control unit, subsystem of measurement sensors, and actuating mechanisms. The subsystem of measurement sensors comprises sensors of parameters of air and soil in the greenhouse and the sensors of environmental parameters. The actuating mechanisms (AM) represent the fanlight opener, a fan, a drive of the screen, a governor gear of carbon dioxide supply, and nodes of heating circuit. The outputs of the control unit are connected to the AM with the ability to manage them according to the values of the parameters measured by the sensors.
EFFECT: system of climate control provides increased efficiency of optimisation of quality of regulation.
5 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device has at least one light emitting device such as a light emitting diode which is used to illuminate at least one part of the plant; at least one light sensor to measure the light coming from the said at least one part of the plant; communication tools, designed to facilitate communication between the said at least one light sensor, at least one light-emitting device and the processor. The processor, by means of communication tools, reads data received from the said at least one sensor, generates a control signal based on the data obtained and background information and then based on the said control signal by means of communication tools it manages at least one light-emitting device for ensure better growth and properties of plants. Light sensor is arranged to control the biochemical properties of plants by measuring the intensity of incident light, combined with the measurement of reflectance and/or light fluorescence. The processor is adapted to change and improve the biochemical properties of the plant.
EFFECT: invention enables to control the environmental conditions, to manage automatically the growth and/or properties of plants, to improve their quality, the process of growth and growth rate.
10 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions concerns crop sector. The method including preparation of green cuttings. At the same time a freshly cut green cutting is taken with two pairs of leaves and is placed into an individual vegetation container with a soil substrate and the possibility to create conditions of a "moist chamber" by means of insulation of a separate each green cutting. Moisture of the soil substrate makes 75-80%, the average air temperature - 20-23°C, the relative moisture of air 65-70%, and timing of seedlings production makes 24-25 days. Seedlings are planted together with the lower reservoir of the vegetation container. The container comprises a lower reservoir in the form of a sleeve, an upper reservoir in the form of a sleeve, which is arranged as capable of entering into the first reservoir up to the simultaneous contact, forming a line of contact of the second reservoir with the surface of the soil substrate and the inner surface of the first reservoir. At the same time the contact increases as diametres of the first and second reservoirs match at the level of 4/5 of the first reservoir height. The bottom of the first reservoir is equipped with holes. A rooted green cutting is planed into the soil substrate. The lower reservoir of the container is made of a dissolving material of vegetable origin, which is decomposed in soil by soil microorganisms. At the same time the diametre of the lower reservoir bottom is selected as 1.5 times more than the maximum size of the root system of the green cutting when planted.
EFFECT: inventions make it possible to increase reliability of stevia seedlings production and provide for a high level of establishment.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to agriculture. The regulating device (10) of a greenhouse (15) contains a computer control unit (20), the lighting element (30) and at least one detecting element (40) where the lighting element (30) and the detecting element (40) are connected to the computer control unit (20). The lighting element (30) comprises at least one light emitting device (31) that emits light (32), which lightens the plant (70) growing in a greenhouse (15). At that the detecting element (40) measures the partial pressure of oxygen in the greenhouse (15), and the amount of light (32) emitted by light emitting device (31) is regulated by the computer control unit (20), depending on the measured partial oxygen pressure. In the method the growth of plants (70) is controlled in the greenhouse (15) by measuring the partial pressure of oxygen (101) in the greenhouse (15). At that the indicated partial pressure of oxygen is associated with photosynthetic activity of a plant (70) in the greenhouse (15), the transfer of values of the partial pressure of oxygen to the computer control unit (20), determining the optimal amount of light (111) necessary for best plant (70) growth, depending on the measured partial oxygen pressure, and regulating of the actual amount of light emitted by the lighting elements (30) to the optimal amount.
EFFECT: invention enables to adjust effectively the parameters and the optimal growth of plants in the greenhouse.
11 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: cabinet contains a glased working chamber with a glased front door to observe the plants, light sources, located on the outer side of the working chamber, an air preparation unit and a control unit. The inner surface of the door is equipped with a mirror coating with a given light-transmission factor.
EFFECT: increased lighting is provided inside the working chamber without using extra energy consumption.
2 cl, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: system comprises water-distribution devices, by means of which water, which is colder than dew point of greenhouse air, is sprayed directly into air space of greenhouse. Parametres of devices are such that their use makes it possible to spray at least 50 litres of water per m2 of greenhouse area per hour into air space of greenhouse. System additionally comprises water-collecting device to collect water sprayed into air space of greenhouse and to return it at least partially to specified devices of system. Method is characterised by the fact that air is cooled and dried directly in air space of greenhouse by supplying water, which is colder than dew point of greenhouse air by means of spraying or otherwise. Volume of water supplied per unit of time and temperature have such parametres that as supplied water passes through air space of greenhouse, more moisture is condensed in it from greenhouse air than amount of water, which is evaporated from it into greenhouse air. Volume of water supplied per unit of time sprayed into air space makes at least 50 litres of water per m2 of greenhouse area per hour. Some water supplied to air space of greenhouse is returned for repeated circulation in air space of greenhouse. Greenhouse comprises water-distribution devices to supply water, which is colder than dew point of greenhouse air, into air space of greenhouse. Parametres of specified devices are arranged so that quantity of specified water used for cooling is more than 50 litres per m2 of greenhouse area per hour. Greenhouse additionally comprises water-collecting devices, using which, at least one water, falling or passing through air space, is used repeatedly, and devices, using which, at least some reused water is again supplied into air space of greenhouse.
EFFECT: simplified process and reduced operational expenses to monitor moisture and temperature of air in greenhouse.
18 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device comprises three serially coupled layers that are tightly joined. Upper layer is arranged as non-transparent and light-absorbing, middle layer - in the form of heat accumulator, material of which has alternating heat conductive properties, and lower layer is arranged as highly heat-conducting. Device contains temperature sensor in the form of controlling thermocouple installed into protected ground and connected to heat accumulator.
EFFECT: device makes it possible to automate monitoring, control and maintenance of required temperature condition of protected ground.
SUBSTANCE: vegetation installation contains a hollow cylindrical chamber, a domed wall and a floor consisting of an outer dismountable translucent wall and an inner stationary translucent wall with sources of light mounted between them. The sources of light are of the spot-type and are separated with horizontal partitions forming rectangular sections horizontally. In the section lower, middle and upper rows spot sources of blue, green and red light are accordingly arranged. Opposite each rectangular section light-diffusing panels are arranged along the perimeter inside the hollow cylindrical chamber between racks with plants and the inner stationary translucent wall.
EFFECT: invention enables improved efficiency of plant growing.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to agriculture, in particular to methods for intense growth of cucumbers in spring film greenhouses with application of electric heating of soil. In method greenhouse and soil are prepared, beds are formed, heating wires are installed into beds, cucumber seedlings are planted and looked after. At the same time heating wires for heating of soil layer are arranged at the depth of 10-12 cm from surface in 1-2 threads, with established capacity of heating that amounts to 4.4 - 8.8 W/m2. Cucumber seedlings are planted into beds in one row at a phase of 5-7 leaves onto sand layer with thickness of 1-2 cm arranged over heating wires. Beds are formed with width of 90-95 cm and height of 30-35 cm, and heating wires are laid in bed at the distance of 10-15 cm.
EFFECT: method makes it possible to increase productivity of cucumbers in greenhouses at Middle Urals with minimum costs for maintenance of greenhouses and fighting deceases.
3 dwg, 8 tbl
SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the field of agriculture and crop sector. Method includes arrangement of trays to make vertical tiers, cultivation of plants, maintenance of required light mode in greenhouse, the latter of which is supported by displacement of light source between tiers of trays. Plant seedlings are planted into vegetation trays, required climatic mode is created, at the same time source of light in the period of radiation is moved by continuous reversible motion up and down between extreme tiers, and speed of light source motion and capacity of light source are established depending on extent of natural illumination and/or air temperature. Device comprises system of plants cultivation, including vertical multi-tier rack installation for vegetation trays with plants, systems for maintenance of required climatic and light modes, the latter of which includes at least one source of light arranged with the possibility of displacement up and down between tiers of rack installation, comprises facility that provides for continuous reversible motion of light source between tiers in the period of plants radiation. Rack comprises sections of shelves that are mounted in tiers on four stands. Sections are combined into modules, every of which includes three serial stages arranged in a row, two extreme ones and one central, joined to each other by means of a hinge with the possibility of extreme sections rotation around vertical axis to center of module to form a "П"-shaped profile.
EFFECT: usage of group of inventions makes it possible to speed up development of plants due to provision of even illumination of plants, increasing density of photosynthetic flow of photons, elimination of overheating and damages of grown plants leaf canopy and reduction of light losses.
30 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: greenhouse has vented space, apparatus for removal of carbonic acid gas from atmospheric air and carbonic acid gas generator for generating of carbonic acid gas with low content of carbon 14 isotope. Temperature mode inside greenhouse is reliably maintained by air conditioning and by employment of shock resistant light-transmitting covering tending to retain infrared heat energy. Self-cleaning of light-transmitting covering is provided by means of oxide coating. Sealing capacity of greenhouse is not affected by passage of personnel and equipment therein owing to employment of double door, wherein doors are mutually blocked. Soil air drainage is used for preventing gaseous carbonaceous soil decomposition products from getting into inner atmosphere of greenhouse. Intensified ripening of plants is enabled by addition of ethylene into inner atmosphere of greenhouse.
EFFECT: increased efficiency and simplified construction.
14 cl, 1 ex
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, cultivation of flowers, vegetables, decorative and tropical plants under home conditions.
SUBSTANCE: compact chamber is composed of at least two parts, that is, bath, extension rings-inserts, hood, and pan. Pan is placed into bath, ground is spilled, sown, watered and covered with hood. Said parts are secured to one another by adhesive tape. Compact chamber may have cylindrical or square volume of enclosure vessel subdivided into at least three main parts: lower part with bath for receiving of soil or other nutritive mixture, extension rings-inserts, and upper part with hood for creating closed space, wherein permanent humidity is maintained for creating advantageous conditions for plant growing. In case space is to be increased in vertical direction, ring-insert is positioned between bath and hood. For plant illumination, in case natural illumination is insufficient, lighting device is inserted into hood throat and switched to regulated pulse-duration power unit controlled from automatic program relay, which is turned-on and turned-off in accordance with set season, solar cycle, established at starting time by means of switches. Heating, air and moisture modes are regulated by means of vent windows defined by notches-depressions formed on vessel surface. Vent windows may be removed when necessary. Vent windows may be closed and opened by means of small windows set for predetermined threshold temperature values and automatically controlled by bimetal effect, and in case of necessity, heating system is switched on.
EFFECT: simplified and convenient maintenance, improved development of plants and reliable scientific results, when used in laboratory conditions.
10 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, method and equipment used in closed ground constructions, such as block greenhouses, for heating in winter or cooling in summer of useful air volume, as well as for regulating night and day temperature differences in autumn or in spring.
SUBSTANCE: method involves pumping out thermal energy from low-grade heat source into heating system with the use of heat pump; taking out low-grade heat from water of cooling system for cooling said water; spraying said water under roof for absorbing heat and collecting by means of water intake screen for further directing into cooling system tank, from which heat absorbed by water is pumped into heating system tank. Apparatus has heating system with water pump, heat pump equipped with evaporator and condenser, and cooling system comprising tank with heat pump evaporator built into tank, spraying pipes connected to tank through water pump and running to and under greenhouse roof, and water intake screen mounted under spraying pipes. Heating system is equipped with tank having heat pump condenser mounted into tank. Method and apparatus provide for year-round optimal temperature conditions for growing and development of plants.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of greenhouse production, reduced power consumed during heating period, provision for absorbing and utilizing excessive thermal energy during warm period of the year, and increased yield.
3 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method involves heating trays and useful volume of greenhouse, with trays being heated with hydroponic solution having initial temperature below 300C and final temperature of at least 150C, when said solution is discharged from trays; keeping air temperature of at least 40C in useful volume of greenhouse; isolating useful volume of greenhouse from remaining volume.
EFFECT: reduced consumption of power for heating plants in hydroponic units of greenhouse, convenient maintenance and reduced costs of materials.
2 cl, 1 ex
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, constructions for protected ground.
SUBSTANCE: greenhouse has carcass for longitudinal walls, end panels and roof, light-transparent material for covering carcass openings, with part of carcass openings being adapted for closing and opening to provide for ventilation of green house interior, and drive for unit adapted to provide for automatic ventilation. Carcass openings are made in the form of air vents. Drive for automatic ventilation unit is equipped with system of levers pivotally secured to one another and to air vent flaps and rigidly fixed on member for securing of vacuum pipe with counterweight.
EFFECT: simplified construction and increased efficiency in creating of advantageous conditions.
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, growing of agricultural crops with the use of multiple-flow apparatuses arranged at different levels for exposing plants growing in containers to light.
SUBSTANCE: lighting apparatus is composed of individual modules, each including light channel, comprising guides, and mini-hotbeds movable along guides. Mini-hotbeds are mounted on wheels of different diameter for moving by gravity so as to provide their horizontal position by placing them onto inclined guides. Each mini-hotbed may be used as independent module, is furnished with light-transparent hood which simultaneously serves as water accumulator and spreader. Lighting apparatus may be mounted in special industrial, household, supplementary and other rooms provided that stabilized temperature of 15-20° is maintained and phyto-sanitary requirements are fulfilled. Apparatus of such construction is characterized in that rigid coupling between mini-hotbeds is avoided and in that gravity is used for movement of mini-hotbeds along inclined guides in light channel. Apparatus of such construction provides year-round growing of pre-basic sanitated seed potato, seedlings of potato and other vegetables and flowers, as well as products of said crops, tree, fungi, algae seedlings and other biological objects under regulated artificial conditions while eliminating conditions for contacting of seedlings with pathogens.
EFFECT: simplified construction, enhanced reliability in operation and reduced consumption of power.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, plant growing in protected ground.
SUBSTANCE: greenhouse has at least one greenhouse unit equipped with irrigation device. Greenhouse unit has ventilation device and soil heating device. Automatic control system for controlling said devices has at least one temperature sensor and at least one moisture content sensor, whose outputs are connected through amplifiers-converters to part of inputs of arithmetic-logic device adapted for receiving signals generated by said sensors, comparing resulting data with control data and generating control signals for switching-on said devices. Other part of arithmetic-logic device inputs is connected to outputs of replaceable permanent memory unit wherein program for selected climatic zone and program for growing of selected plant of this climatic zone are recorded. Third part of inputs is connected to position outputs for members of said devices, whose inputs are connected through control unit and amplifiers-converters to outputs of arithmetic-logic device and to inputs of indication unit. Voltage of 12 V is supplied to automatic control unit.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in growing wide range of plants of any climatic zone with automatic system for controlling of irrigation, ventilation and heating procedures.
5 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: agriculture; growing plants at lesser consumption of electrical and thermal energy due to extended range of utilization of solar energy.
SUBSTANCE: proposed greenhouse complex includes base, transparent heat-insulating dome-shaped coat with round transparent heat-insulation aperture in center. Coat is secured on load-bearing supports mounted vertically on base; it is manufactured from roofing blocks made from light-tight material at low heat conductivity and provided with through holes in form of truncated cones or pyramids coated from the inside with beam-reflecting material with their vertices directed inside or outside the coat. Holes are closed with inserts from the outside and inside which are made from thin transparent material; surfaces of said blocks directed inside coat and not occupied by through holes and technological holes are coated with beam-reflecting material. Areas with plants being cultivated, main and auxiliary technological equipment and plant life support systems are located inside coat and helio-absorbing heat accumulating reservoir consists of two vessels: one of them is filled with water and is mounted on base in center of coat and other is mounted coaxially inside first one and is insulated at sides and from beneath with low-conductivity material. Second vessel is closed at the top by its own transparent heat-insulating coat and is filled with common salt, for example. Two light reflectors which are cooled with water are made in form of truncated cones or truncated polyhedral pyramids. First of them with outer side light-reflecting surface is mounted with vertex downward above coat, coaxially with it. Second reflector is hollow; it is provided with light-reflecting surfaces; it is mounted coaxially relative to first reflector with vertex upward inside coat above helio-absorbing heat-insulating reservoir. Flat beam-reflecting panels located on area adjoining the coat concentrically relative to it are arranged in two rows. Each said panel is mounted on output link of its two-coordinated swivel mechanism provided with controllable drive. Base of drive is secured on bearing strut vertically mounted on ground surface. Provision is made for additional energy channel together with two said light reflectors which is made in form of flux of sun beams reflected by beam-reflecting panels of helio-absorbing heat-accumulating reservoir concentrated and directed downward. If necessary, it may be spread over entire surface. Controllable drives of two-coordinate swivel mechanisms are connected by their inputs to output of automatic control unit realized at base of computer center. Electrical inputs of center are connected with sensors of media contained in helio-absorbing heat accumulating reservoir and in space under coat, as well as with wind velocity and direction sensors and with coordinate position sensors of two-coordinate swivel mechanisms.
EFFECT: reduced power requirements at intensified growth of plants due to extended range of utilization of solar energy.
13 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, protective complexes for plants, including greenhouses and hothouses equipped with electrotechnical and other equipment for care of plants and heat-loving bushes grown under home conditions or small-scale commercial plant growing conditions.
SUBSTANCE: protective complex has foundation pit with supporting carcass onto which transparent protective casing is put. Plastic walls of foundation pit are slightly extending beyond base of supporting carcass and are secured by means of drop screen. Foundation pit bed has ground provided with thermal layer and soil heating members. Foundation pit bed is connected through pipe to suspended closed reservoir hung under complex roof to define, in conjunction with foundation pit construction filled with ground and top layer of fertile soil, single reservoir with water influx-discharge regulated by means of electronic valves provided on branches as well as on pipe. Water is pumped through lower branch by means of water pump into suspension reservoir, and other branch equipped with electronic valve defines closed semicircle on pipe. Such construction provides water discharge by avoiding first branch from suspended reservoir into pipe equipped with corrugated insert provided at its lower end. Level of discharged water is controlled through bushing equipped with float having water level measuring ruler. Supporting carcass incorporates thermal sensors, humidity sensors, illumination sensors, air heating members, and illumination lamps. Valves are opened and closed by means of electronic device. All parts of protective complex are totally controlled by electronic instrument for maintaining optimal microclimate mode. On the basis of electronic instruments and with the use of communicating vessels principle, protective complex may be created, wherein, apart from setting optimal water level in ground soil and irrigation time, optimal heating and illumination mode may be maintained to thereby regulate plant development. Protective complex allows vegetable and other crops, as well as wild and exotic plants to be grown.
EFFECT: increased yield of vegetables and other crops.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, complex agricultural productions.
SUBSTANCE: method involves process and objects arranged in predetermined manner, and place planned according to relief, with geographic and other necessary factors being taken into consideration so that directions of natural air flows are corrected. Agricultural production includes complex greenhouses, heat accumulator, basin, garden, and wind shield. Air flow directed into garden is saturated with water vapors in gaseous state if increase in temperature is desirable when it is close to minimal admissible value, and in small droplet state when lower temperature is desirable. Processor functions as central controller. Objects of branches in agricultural production are selected so that objects of previous branches make raw material for objects of subsequent branches. Furthermore, joint mutually useful development of these objects at suitable conditions is possible. These conditions are created in complex greenhouse units intermediate with regard to said branches. General-purpose containers with raw material are conveyed through said complex greenhouse units. This results in multiple sequential-parallel utilization of raw materials in number of branches of industry. Method stipulates employment of useful relations between populations of organisms - objects of agricultural branches of industry: symbiosis and, according to kind of symbiosis, natural selection.
EFFECT: increased resource saving, reduced production costs of agricultural product and improved ecology of environment.
5 cl, 2 dwg