Reinforced multilayer technical profile and method of its manufacturing

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: reinforced multi-layer technical profile comprises a bearing matrix in the form of a heat insulator and lining protective reinforcing coatings. The heat insulator is a monolithic diversely reinforced sectional multilayer matrix frame from a heterogeneous filler equipped with diverse layers of the insulant along the entire thickness of the technical profile. From the inside there is an isothermic lining insulant, and from the outside - a heat protective one. The technical profile is manufactured on the basis of the matrix frame by filling of multilayer sections of the heat insulator with the diversely reinforced heterogeneous filler along its entire thickness with heterogeneous layers of the insulant. Under steam and hydraulic insulation the isothermic internal and external heat protective lining insulants are arranged.

EFFECT: invention makes it possible to increase thermal and physical characteristics of erected structures, to reduce their specific weight and prime cost.

2 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to composite materials as a purely heat-insulating load-bearing and insulating bearing, including in the form of sound insulation and protective structures.

The aim of the invention is an inexpensive structural material of the available raw materials and waste in household and factory to the construction of low-rise buildings.

The level of technology

The production of advanced composites allows you to use a variety of technological processes in accordance with the generated patterns, to create a wide range of the best shaped structures by functionality, including multi-functional composites in construction. Existing composite materials, including "Sandwich panel" RF patent No. 62411 registered 10.04.07, are versatile building structural materials, mainly for warehouse and industrial buildings. Modern composite construction is on top of its progressive development and involves the multilayer structure: the main structural - layered carrier portion, puff peripheral insulation and cladding coatings. A variety of modifications of the construction of composites in the construction industry is created primarily n the existing analogues and in accordance with the function.

"Reinforced theprofile multilayer"

Construction reinforced multilayer theprofile, hereinafter referred to as "Monoprofile", structural building product and depending on the functional purpose, in contrast to the production of three-layer metal Sandwich panel with single-component insulation, made a variety of ways from a diverse array of building components, binders, reinforcing elements in the optimal number of stacked layered insulation in a single monolithic matrix frame and additional isothermal and thermal insulation in order to achieve cost-effective energy-efficient building materials.

By design and the materials used complex structures design theprofile composites are divided into main groups:

- flexible and soft: roll, industrial fabrics, sheets, tiles, extrusion, fiber, polymer, and others;

- hard: flat, rounded, profiles, trusses, beams, insulation, liquid, prefabricated, monolithic, masonry and other

The main elements of the design (see Figure 1): the carrier matrix in the form of monolithic sectional frame of Krasnodarskogo heterogeneous layered filler-insulator 7, heterogeneous reinforcing filler 2, RA is noparity heterogeneous multilayer insulation 3, facing the insulation - insulated inner 1 and outer space 4, the outer lining floor 5, crate 6. The formation of a properly designed combination Krasnodarskogo heterogeneous multilayer sectional insulator 7, equipped with a dissimilar filler 2 and heterogeneous multilayer insulation 3, allows to achieve the necessary efficiency of the supporting structure. The use of high-strength sections of the heat insulator 7 from thermoprofile, ceramics or pultruded fiberglass with effective heat insulation 3 on the outer contour of the bearing monoprofile dramatically reduces the consumption of material and dimensions of the products. Facing isothermal internal insulation 1 insulation is an important, and, if necessary, a flexible heat generating node monoprofile. Insulation, as thermopolyurethane, this layer 1 maximum support at the appropriate level the temperature of the internal environment. Built-in advanced isothermal heater 1 thermal heater with sensors control and regulation ensures stable temperature in a closed loop, and comfortable in a residential area. Facing thermal protective outer insulation 4 is a heat insulator, softening sharp temperature drops. Facing on which rite, as a rule, with insulated layers, designed for finishing of constructions inside and outside. Often these coatings decorative roll or sheet material is fully used as reinforcing elements. To avoid harmful condensation and mold on surfaces of the insulation categorically exclude large-scale use of polystyrene in the form of a foam. Cladding coatings sufficiently low permeability to qualitatively improve the indoor climate. Also due to this indoors, you receive the effect of the tree in winter and warm in cold weather, cool in summer heat.

The carrying capacity of the matrix increase with reinforcing fillers, especially at the edges due to high strength. The faces of this combination in a flexible and thin-walled composites completely lost in one whole. For flexible composites reinforcing filler perform fiberglass Mat, starlogot, fiberglass, mesh, fabric or filament basalt, linen, metal, etc. For hard - filler of the same above-mentioned components and dissimilar fittings, sheets, profiles, including thermal profile. Effective hardening is achieved when the content of 5-10% of the filler in the heat insulator.

Aggregate carrying monoprofile-based cement used concrete, foam concrete or cellular concrete is, hydraulic fine-dispersed adhesives with chemical additives, etc. In the production of insulating monoprofile as a binder is used, the corresponding liquid slurry of cement-lime or light concrete, weak sealants and adhesives, fixing, binders, etc.

Insulating and strength characteristics depending on the purpose of monoprofile regulate the method of selection and consideration of material properties of construction materials: moisture, water resistance, water absorption, exposure to shrinkage, melting point, particle size of the components of aggregates and their percentages, properties, binders, insulating layers and reinforcing fillers, as well as methods of manufacture. The smaller the pore size of the insulation, the weaker convection - air motion and the more efficient the heat shield. Properties depend not only on the physico-chemical properties of the components, but also on the strength of the relationships between them. Maximum strength is achieved if the between matrix and reinforcement, the formation of solid solutions or compounds. A comprehensive account of the degree of persoanele, insulation, and strength of materials allows you to create an optimal structure with the necessary number of layers energoeffektivnogo composite.

Monoprofile fluid is spent assignment must meet the following characteristics: a density of about 150-350 kg/m 3taking into account carrying capacity of the structure, thermal conductivity within □ 0,04-0,12 W/MK, the comparability of coefficients of linear expansion with the mating elements, moisture resistance, corrosion and heat-biological stability, durability and non-toxicity. Characteristics of monoprofile other assignments: weight bearing fences not exceeding 900 kg/m3carrying fencing 1000-1900 kg/m3(Use only. L. No. 5).

The implementation of the invention

The basic design of monoprofile consists of the following parts: the carrier matrix of the heterogeneous sectional-layered filler-insulator, reinforcing fillers, binders, components dissimilar insulating layer, steam-, waterproofing membrane, sheathing and cladding coatings.

Figure 1 shows the scheme of the construction on the following items:

1 - Facing isothermal insulation - internal coating;

2 - Reinforcing fillers;

3 - Reseparate dissimilar insulating interlayer;

4 - Thermal insulation - outer insulating layer;

5 Facing the outer coating;

6 - Crate;

7 is a Structural load-bearing matrix - Krasnopolsky heterogeneous multilayer thermal insulator.

Structural carrier matrix 7 on the basis of aggregate socetanii with reinforcing fillers 2 and the insulating layers 3 acts as the supporting structure of the wall and the main insulator. Isothermal insulation - lining 1 is arranged to provide constant temperature environment, a space 4 for insulation and leveling of the temperature of the environment.

"Monoprofile" made the following operations:

- reinforcement 2 and the insulation 3 filler-insulator 7;

placing insulation under steam, waterproofing from the inside as isothermal 1 and outside as thermal 4 prepared by the sheathing 6;

- conducting coverings: outer 5 environmental conditions, internal 1, typically, the finished texture of the insulation.

"A method of manufacturing a reinforced multilayer theprofile"

To achieve manufacturing Construction reinforced multilayer Technopolis", hereinafter referred to as "Monoprofile", the particular design is directly dependent on its load-bearing capacity and thermal insulation functions.

The structure of monoprofile, see Figure 1, form a reinforced bearing 2 bearing structural matrix - Krasnopolsky heterogeneous multilayer heat insulator 7, a multilayer reseparate insulating layer 3, facing the inner layer of the walls - insulated heater 1, the outer layer - thermal insulation 4 and the outer facing cover 5. Feature under the government of the bearing wall and integrated insulation-heat insulator 7 is when insufficient, less than 1000 kg/m3its density, if more than three floors, you will need additional reinforcement reinforcing fillers 2 or vozvedeniya special supporting frame of the building.

As reinforcing fillers 2 in order to enhance the strength of monoprofile apply metal, pultruded stekloplastovye rods, fibers of fiberglass, basaltoplastica, linen, fiberglass, etc. as a binder components used fusible components of the above products, foam glass, and vulcanizing sealing agents, hydrolytic lignin, cement and plaster mixes, etc. it is necessary to apply industrial or domestic gas installation for melting a separate reinforcing and binding components, mixing a profiling device for preparing mechanical mixture and forming Villeroy necessary reinforced profile of the produced composite. Depending on the purpose made composite products Repack or reinforce vapor permeable film (Izospan And Polypropylene VM 310), basalt or linen cloth, ceramic paper, Gidrotex membrane type, etc. as a cheap mechanical mixture, waste, recyclables and local natural resources: waste wood, plastic, and glass, ceramic watch, the sky and the concrete rubble of demolished buildings, the hydrolyzed lignin, scoria, tuff, pumice, mining, shale not more ⌀50 mm, sand, burnt clay (alumina), dry peat, polystyrene granules, crushed pieces of old tires ⌀10-20 mm or crumbs (powder) - modifier and other drugs.

As the cured filler used foam concrete, slag concrete, masonry, components, waste wood, Mat basalt, extruded polymers, mixes (crushed stone, slag, expanded clay), etc. In insulators insulators are plates OSB, ceramic paper, polyethylene foam, mineral wool and loose, such as slag granules of polystyrene, hollow ceramic balls, gravel, etc. are Made sectional-layered insulators porous or air separation medium. Advantageously apply the filler thermal insulator in the form of warm monolith (slag concrete, foam concrete) without the use of additional insulation, and even more economical as placeholders for secondary raw materials and recycling. Depending on the requirements composites astringent composition are cementing, polimerizuet, curing, sintering, adhesive, etc. and their components - glass, lignin, cement plaster, rubber, sealing medications

For the manufacture of monoprofile suitable well-known methods of construction, such as : size is% mixes the carrier matrix in a sealed form with all accessories in the monolith, clutches or the way of sandwiches. Apply for individual designs conopophila the conventional methods of spraying structures, foaming, extrusion, sintering the mixture and prokachivanija or extruding (pulling) profile cold or hot mixture through a forming die plate.

Apply the method of manufacturing conopophila at the place of destination for the erection of buildings and structures by building blanks and components dissimilar layers or method of Assembly (mount) components sitapaila layers on frame technology. Such methods produce "Termomeccanica monoprofile layer of any thickness, complexity, rotation, and density using insulating layers of polyurethane foam, sheet OSB, Magnalite, SOFTBOARD etc. with high thermal and strength characteristics. Progressive build houses on the base frame technology from the finished composite boards, panels and monoblocks "Termomeccanica" profile significantly advantageous in terms of speed of construction and cost savings. Frame technology simplifies the use and installation of separately prepared textured composites and combopanel on purpose, build phases, expand or rebuild areas (modules) of a dwelling house on the calculation of the family.

Due to the fact that oblits is VCE internal cavity walls-insulated heater 1, outer layer - thermal insulation 4 and the outer cladding coatings 5 require additional operations upon completion of the entire complex design monoprofile, typically performed separately. A comprehensive approach to accounting for the degree of persoanele, insulation, and strength of materials allows you to create an optimal structure with the necessary number of layers energoeffektivnogo of monoprofile. From utverzhdenii song mixes structurally made of a sound-insulating products, building blocks, plates, layers, panel, cavity, etc.

The implementation of the invention

Figure 1 shows a diagram of the basic construction of monoprofile:

1 - Facing isothermal insulation - internal coating;

2 - Reinforcing fillers;

3 - Reseparate dissimilar insulating interlayer;

4 - Thermal insulation - outer insulating layer;

5 Facing the outer coating;

6 - Crate;

7 is a Structural load-bearing matrix - Krasnopolsky heterogeneous multilayer thermal insulator.

Ways of making monoprofile:

- rolling or pulling components: structured mixes 7, fillers 2 and heat 3 through a forming die plate;

- filling the sealed form is komplektujushhie components;

- clutch with built-in heaters 3;

- rallying-element components of a heterogeneous layers in place or Assembly of high-tech sitapaila layers on the basis of the supporting frame.

Additional operation:

device under steam, waterproofing insulated inner 1 and outer space 4 cladding insulation and cladding 5.

Scope and benefits "TC of Monoprofile"

"TK Monoprofile" as building materials, heat-and sound-insulated, load-bearing and non-bearing structures can be used in the construction of roads, industrial containers and coolers, sports, commercial, industrial buildings and constructions, residential cars, engines, and houses and other

A well-established manufacture of reinforced Monopropylene boards, panels, mono and other composite products homemade or factory can significantly increase the quality, standardized and industrialized housing. Its production allows to recycle plastic, glass bottles and other containers, tires, slag, ceramics and other industrial waste wood, ceramics, glass, hydrolytic lignin, slag, mine workings and other, secondary use of crushed ceramic and concrete building materials during demolition, and PR is the use of recycled and local cheap natural resources.

The construction of a wall in frame technology recently demonstrated high technical and operational characteristics, as well as advanced architectural solutions. Frame technology better than others meet the power structure of the wood, "Pultruded fiberglass" and "Thermoprofile". This technology is economical, functional and all the parameters exceeds current and ensures the durability of new pre-fabricated buildings. Progressive build houses on the base frame technology from the finished composite boards, panels and monoblocks "Termomeccanica" profile significantly advantageous in terms of speed of construction and cost savings. Frame technology simplifies the use and installation of separately prepared textured composites and combopanel on purpose, build phases, expand or rebuild areas (modules) of a dwelling house on the calculation of the family.

Monoprofile strongly reminiscent of practical three-layer wall blocks (polyblock) 400×400×190 mm (22 kg) with high thermal insulation R 3,65 m2°C/W and the density 1600-1900 kg/m3. The unit consists of a supporting layer 160 mm claydite-concrete M200, 160 mm inner polystyrene foam 25 kg/m3and 80 mm outer layer of claydite-concrete M200 with facial decoration. All 3 layers bonded together basalt-plastic flexible links is Alain". The wall of such polyblock does not require textured cladding and more economical than other material. Also significantly reduced the duration of construction from conventional masonry (Use). L. No. 4).

Significant disadvantages of poliblog: the risk of mould growth on polystyrene and indoors; when burning the allocation of carbon monoxide and dangerous product of the cleavage of the benzene nucleus. Even in normal mapping Monoprofile has advantages over a polyblock: characteristics - higher strength and thermal insulation due to the considerably large size products, great perspective on unification of products, efficiency of production in order wide recycling progressiveness in the technology of prefabricated houses and their reconstruction, seismic resistance, etc.

The use of Monoprofile for insulation and fencing of buildings and structures greatly simplifies construction, reduces the total weight of the structures is at least 2 times, reduce the consumption of expensive insulation, wall and other structural materials, expanding the architectural possibilities, improves the design and comfort indoors and saves money. Energy saving modern models of individual houses from "TC monopropylene" structures and parts cost 5-10 thousand rubles per square meter dilploma and you can build almost manually without heavy equipment.

Obvious advantages of Comparatie over traditional materials: superior thermal properties, low specific weight, wide adjustable range given the heat resistance, earthquake resistance, low cost, unification, practical in application, etc.

The prospects. The widespread use of Monoprofile limited (constrained) due to lack of cheap special reinforcing elements, and is also available binders, additives and medicines bonding, gluing, sintering, polimerizuet, cement aggregates, etc. for Example, at present the difficulty of applying the binding of lignin (a natural polymer) from the industrial hydrolysis of waste in a huge number that thermal decomposition ligninase binding components occurs at 300-310°C and for this purpose it is necessary to use a compact dual-fuel boilers. This is again a rise in the cost of works in the manufacture of the panel and large, monolithic or bornology fencing. But all this is completely solved questions, allowing wider application of Monoprofile without reinforcement reinforcing elements.

Time actively to implement the construction of luxury and cheap pre-fabricated "TC monopropylene" houses.

The LIST of references

1. RF patent №62411 from 10.04.07,

2. The book "summer house", Vinoslivosti, Lauranovich Publishing Association "the Modern word", Minsk, 1997

3. The book "Materials for masons - refractory employees and futerovku", Genbutsu, stroiizdat, Moscow, 1982

4. The magazine "Construction No. 18," the Virtuous "Norm", Cheboksary, 06-2007,

5. Materials in construction, Youreview, CI "Academy", Moscow, 2008

1. Construction reinforced theprofile multilayer containing a carrier matrix in the form of heat insulator (7), facing reinforcing protective cover (1, 4, 5), characterized in that the insulator (7) is a monolithic heterogeneous-reinforced (2) of section-layered matrix frame of dissimilar filler, equipped with heterogeneous layers of insulation (3) throughout the thickness of theprofile, as well as the presence of cladding insulation placed inside as isothermal (1) and the outside as thermal (4).

2. A method of manufacturing a construction reinforced multilayer theprofile made of the carrier matrix in the form of heat insulator (7) facing reinforcing protective coatings (1, 4, 5), characterized in that theprofile made on the basis of the matrix frame by filling layered sections of the insulator (7) heterogeneous-reinforced (2) heterogeneous aggregate across its thickness is not dissimilar layers of insulation (3), and that suit under steam, waterproofing insulated inner (1) and outer space (4) facing the insulation.



 

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3 dwg

FIELD: building, particularly support members for building structure.

SUBSTANCE: pre-fabricated support member for floor structure comprises reinforced concrete panel with horizontally spaced parallel plate-like stiffening members which are not connected one to another and extend in longitudinal direction. Each stiffening member has wall with the first end part embedded in concrete so that considerable wall part of the stiffening member wall freely extends from the first concrete panel side and directed transversely to it. Longitudinal end parts have wavy lap joints and anchored in floor structure member. Plate-like stiffening member for floor structure member is also disclosed.

EFFECT: possibility to use thin panels in floor structures.

11 cl, 7 dwg

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