Mulching composition (versions)

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemistry of synthetic substances - polymer substances in a mixture with organic and natural substances, for example, for urban and agricultural purposes, or to compositions for mulching different types of soil, lawn and parking areas. The mulching composition is characterised by that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, NA-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Conocephalum moss and Pinus peuce pine needles, and water in the following ratios, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4; carbamide 0.2-0.6; NA-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4; potassium chloride 1-3; Conocephalum moss 10-15; Pinus peuce pine needles 8-9; water - the balance. Other versions of polymer-natural mulching compositions are also disclosed.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

9 cl, 1 tbl

 

The invention relates to the chemistry of synthetic substances polymer in a mixture with organic and natural substances, for example, for urban and agricultural purposes or compositions for mulching different types of soils, lawns, parks and gardens.

Was formerly known such a composition of the mulch, which is used polyacrylamide, urea, lignosulfonate, potassium chloride and water in the following ratio, wt.%: polyacrylamide 0,25-0,75, lignosulfonate 0.5 to 1.5, urea, 0.4 to 0.8, potassium chloride 1-3, water the rest (patent of Russia №2034899 C1, 1995, a class of the international classification of patents, C09K 17/00).

However, this patent did not use natural materials is a significant disadvantage. Nature provides many suitable materials, many mosses, different types of wood waste, bark, shavings, chips. In this case, different types of wood can be combined with different kinds of synthetic materials - polymers, their waste if they are harmless to the environment.

In the technical result of the invention is the use of numerous kinds of natural materials, that is, the extension of the range of compositions for mulching soils.

This result is achieved by the fact that the composition of the mulch, according to the invention, contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride, and ka is este natural supplements moss species Conocephalum and needles pine Pinus peuce, water, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Conocephalum10-15
needles of a pine Pinus peuce8-9
waterthe rest of it.

As variants invented the following compounds, which are changed (selected) important relations for moss and pine needles:

moss species Conocephalum10-15
needles of a pine Pinus peucefrom 9.1 to 9.5

or

moss species Conocephalum10-15
needles of a pine Pinus peuce9,8-11

or

moss species Conocephalum15,5-17
needles of a pine Pinus peuce8-9

or

moss species Conocephalum17,8-18
needles of a pine Pinus peuce8-9

or

moss species Conocephalum17,1-18
needles of a pine Pinus peuce9,8-10

or

moss species Conocephalum17,8-18
needles of a pine Pinus peuce10,6-11

or

moss species Conocephalum17,8-18
needles of a pine Pinus peuce11,2-12

or

moss species Conocephalum17,8-18
needles of a pine Pinus peucethe 12.1-12,8

The composition prepared as follows.

These ingredients are subjected separately to grinding and after mixing in the aquatic environment.

The table shows various examples of variants of the invention:

Table
IngredientsWt.%
123456789101112
Lignosulfonate, wt.%0,10,250,40,40,250,40,250,40,40,10,250,1
urea, wt.%0,20,40,60,60,40,60,40,6 0,60,20,40,2
Na-carboximetilzellulozu
for, wt.%
0,30,350,40,40,350,40,350,40,40,30,350,3
potassium chloride, wt.%123323233121
moss species Conocephalum, wt.%10131511,512,9151717,917,817,817,818
Needles of a pine Pinus peuce, wt.%88,599,09,5118,58,91010,611,512,8

1. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species Conocephalum and needles pine Pinus peuce, water, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Conocephalum10-15
needles of a pine Pinus peuce8-9
waterrest

2. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxylat is cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species Conocephalum and needles pine Pinus peuce, water, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Conocephalum10-15
needles of a pine Pinus peucefrom 9.1 to 9.5
waterrest

3. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species Conocephalum and needles pine Pinus peuce, water, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Concephalum 10-15
needles of a pine Pinus peuce9,8-11
waterrest

4. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species Conocephalum and needles pine Pinus peuce, water, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Conocephalum15,5-17
needles of a pine Pinus peuce8-9
waterrest

5. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species Conocephalum and needles pine Pinus peuce, water, wt.%:

lignos ifont of 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Conocephalum17,8-18
needles of a pine Pinus peuce8-9
waterrest

6. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species Conocephalum and needles pine Pinus peuce, water, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Conocephalum17,8-18
needles of a pine Pinus peuce9,8-10
waterStalin is e

7. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species Conocephalum and needles pine Pinus peuce, water, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Conocephalum17,8-18
needles of a pine Pinus peuce10,6-11
waterrest

8. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species Conocephalum and needles pine Pinus peuce, water, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulosepotassium chloride1-3
moss species Conocephalum17,8-18
needles of a pine Pinus peuce11,2-12
waterrest

9. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species Conocephalum and needles pine Pinus peuce, water, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species Conocephalum17,8-18
needles of a pine Pinus peucethe 12.1-12,8
waterrest



 

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