Mulching composition (versions)

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemistry of synthetic substances - polymer substances in a mixture with organic and natural substances, for example, for urban and agricultural purposes, or to compositions for mulching different types of soil, lawn and parking areas. The mulching composition is characterised by that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, NA-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives, Pellia endiviifolia moss and Pinus peuce pine needles, and water in the following ratios, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, NA-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, Pellia endiviifolia moss 10-15, Pinus peuce pine needles 8-9, water - the balance. Other versions of polymer-natural mulching compositions are also disclosed.

EFFECT: wider range of soil mulching compositions.

9 cl, 1 tbl

 

The invention relates to the chemistry of synthetic substances polymer in a mixture with organic and natural substances, for example, for urban and agricultural purposes or compositions for mulching different types of soils, lawns, parks and gardens.

Was formerly known such a composition of the mulch, which is used polyacrylamide, urea, lignosulfonate, potassium chloride and water in the following ratio, wt.%: polyacrylamide 0,25-0,75, lignosulfonate 0.5 to 1.5, urea, 0.4 to 0.8, potassium chloride 1-3, water the rest (patent of Russia №2034899 C1, 1995, a class of the international classification of patents, C09K 17/00).

However, this patent did not use natural materials is a significant disadvantage. Nature provides many suitable materials, many mosses, different types of wood waste, bark, shavings, chips. In this case, different types of wood can be combined with different kinds of synthetic materials - polymers, their waste if they are harmless to the environment.

In the technical result of the invention is the use of numerous kinds of natural materials, that is, the extension of the range of compositions for mulching soils.

This result is achieved by the fact that the composition of the mulch according to the invention contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride, and the quality is TBE natural supplements moss species of Pellia endiviifolia and needles pine Pinus-Reis, water in wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species of Pellia endiviifolia10-15
needles of a pine Pinus peuce8-9
waterthe rest of it.

As variants invented the following compounds, which are changed (selected) important relations for moss and pine needles:

moss species of Pellia endiviifolia10-15
needles of a pine Pinus the Reisfrom 9.1 to 9.5

or

moss species of Pellia endiviifolia10-15
needles of a pine Pinus the Reis9,8-11

or

moss species of Pellia endiviifolia15,5-17
needles of a pine Pinus the Reis8-9

or

moss species of Pellia endiviifolia17,8-18
needles of a pine Pinus the Reis8-9

or

moss species of Pellia endiviifolia17,1-18
needles of a pine Pinus the Reis9,8-10

or

moss species of Pellia endiviifolia17,8-18
needles of a pine Pinus the Reis10,6-11

or

moss species of Pellia endiviifolia17,8-18
needles of a pine Pinus the Reis11,2-12

or

moss species of Pellia endiviifolia17,8-18
needles of a pine Pinus the Reisthe 12.1-12,8

The composition prepared as follows.

These ingredients are subjected separately to grinding and after mixing in vodeistages.

The table shows various examples of variants of the invention.

1. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species of Pellia endiviifolia and needles pine Pinus peuce, water, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species of Pellia endiviifolia10-15
needles of a pine Pinus peuce8-9
waterrest

2. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species of Pellia endiviifolia and needles pine Pinus peuce, water, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
the carb is ID 0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species of Pellia endiviifolia10-15
needles of a pine Pinus peucefrom 9.1 to 9.5
waterrest

3. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species of Pellia endiviifolia and needles pine Pinus peuce, water, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species of Pellia endiviifolia10-15
needles of a pine Pinus peuce9,8-11
waterrest

4. The composition of the mulch, the character is soumise fact, that contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species of Pellia endiviifolia and needles pine Pinus peuce, water, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species of Pellia endiviifolia15,5-17
needles of a pine Pinus peuce8-9
waterrest

5. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species of Pellia endiviifolia and needles pine Pinus peuce, water, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chlorine is sty 1-3
moss species of Pellia endiviifolia17,8-18
needles of a pine Pinus peuce8-9
waterrest

6. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species of Pellia endiviifolia and needles pine Pinus peuce, water, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species of Pellia endiviifolia17,8-18
needles of a pine Pinus peuce9,8-10
waterrest

7. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species of Pellia endiviifolia and pine needles of Pinus puce, water, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species of Pellia endiviifolia17,8-18
needles of a pine Pinus peuce10,6-11
waterrest

8. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species of Pellia endiviifolia and needles pine Pinus peuce, water, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species of Pellia endiviifolia17,8-18
needles is ony Pinus peuce 11,2-12
waterrest

9. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species of Pellia endiviifolia and needles pine Pinus peuce, water, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species of Pellia endiviifolia17,8-18
needles of a pine Pinus peucethe 12.1-12,8
waterrest



 

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