Mulching composition

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to chemistry of synthetic substances - polymer substances in a mixture with organic and natural substances, for example, for urban and agricultural purposes, or to compositions for mulching different types of soil, lawn and parking areas. The mulching composition contains, wt %: lignosulphonate 0.1-0.4, carbamide 0.2-0.6, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose 0.3-0.4, potassium chloride 1-3, Pellia endiviifolia moss 10-15, needles of juniper Juniperus virginiana 'Columnaris' 8-9, water - the balance.

EFFECT: invention widens the range of soil mulching compositions.

3 cl, 1 tbl

 

The invention relates to the chemistry of synthetic substances polymer in a mixture with organic and natural substances, for example, for urban and agricultural purposes or compositions for mulching different types of soils, lawns, parks and gardens.

Was formerly known such a composition of the mulch, which is used polyacrylamide, urea, lignosulfonate, potassium chloride and water in the following ratio, wt.%: polyacrylamide 0,25-0,75, lignosulfonate 0.5 to 1.5, urea, 0.4 to 0.8, potassium chloride 1-3, water - the rest (patent of Russia №2034899 C1, 1995, a class of the international classification of patents, C09K 17/00).

However, this patent did not use natural materials is a significant disadvantage. Nature provides many suitable materials, many mosses, different types of wood waste, bark, shavings, chips. In this case, different types of wood can be combined with different kinds of synthetic materials - polymers, their waste if they are harmless to the environment.

In my invention the technical result is the use of numerous kinds of natural materials, that is, the extension of the range of compositions for mulching soils.

This result is achieved by the fact that the composition of the mulch, according to the invention, contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and,as natural additives moss species of Pellia endiviifolia and needles of juniper Juniperus virginiana 'Columnaris', water in wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
NA-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species of Pellia endiviifolia10-15
needles of juniper Juniperus virginiana 'Columnaris'8-9
waterthe rest of it.

As variants invented the following compounds, which are changed (selected) important relations for moss and pine needles:

moss species of Pellia endiviifolia10-15
needles of juniper Juniperus virginiana 'Columnaris'from 9.1 to 9.5

or

moss species of Pellia endiviifolia10-15
needles of juniper Juniperus virginiana 'Columnaris'9,8-11

The composition prepared as follows.

These ingredients are subjected by the Department is a major grinding and after mixing in the aquatic environment.

The table shows various examples of variants of the invention.

Table
IngredientsWt.%
123
Lignosulfonate0,10,250,4
Urea0,20,40,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,30,350,4
Potassium chloride123
Moss species of Pellia endiviifolia101315
Needles of juniper Juniperus virginiana 'Columnaris'89,510

1. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxylat is cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species of Pellia endiviifolia and needles of juniper Juniperus virginiana 'Columnaris', water, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species of Pellia endiviifolia10-15
needles of juniper Juniperus virginiana 'Columnaris'8-9
waterrest

2. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species of Pellia endiviifolia and needles of juniper Juniperus virginiana 'Columnaris', water, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride is 1-3
moss species of Pellia endiviifolia10-15
needles of juniper Juniperus virginiana 'Columnaris'from 9.1 to 9.5
waterrest

3. The composition of the mulch, characterized in that it contains lignosulphonate, carbamide, Na-carboxymethyl cellulose, potassium chloride and, as natural additives moss species of Pellia endiviifolia and needles of juniper Juniperus virginiana 'Columnaris', water, wt.%:

lignosulfonateof 0.1-0.4
urea0,2-0,6
Na-carboxymethylcellulose0,3-0,4
potassium chloride1-3
moss species of Pellia endiviifolia10-15
needles of juniper Juniperus virginiana 'Columnaris'9,8-11
waterrest



 

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