Method for reloading materials from offshore wharf using transhipment barge and transhipment system

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: this invention relates to reloading method intended for transferring and loading on transport ship the materials such as ground or coal stored in open storage area on offshore wharf using transhipment barge and dedicated transhipment system. According to the method, transhipment barge moors at bridge part which is made with possibility to move in vertical direction in accordance with change of sea water depth. Transhipment barge is intended for storing and transferring materials in open sea where it moors at loading barge. Loading barge is intended for reloading materials from transhipment barge to transport ship which serves for cargo delivery to destination.

EFFECT: invention is focused on facilitation of barge anchoring at seaboard.

7 cl, 7 dwg

 

The technical field to which the invention relates.

This invention relates to method overloading materials found on the coastal store, with transshipment barge and to the system to overload, in which when the attachment handling barges to the open area of the store with the purpose of loading stockpiled in the open area of soil or coal transport ship, while at sea, with transshipment barge, to the coastal strip adjacent to open space storage, attach the pavement and bridge for mooring ships can move in the vertical direction using a fixed piles with providing attachment transshipment barge to the bridge part and the bridge for the mooring of vessels, ensuring the movement of soil or coal stored in an open area storage, transshipment barge regardless of the depth of the sea near the open area of the store.

The level of technology

In General, the soil or coal collected on land and stored in the open area of the warehouse dock, loaded onto a transport vessel for transporting to another location.

With this purpose, on the shore adjacent to the open area of the store, put on the anchor handling barge and move on barge soil or coal with the repository site using the loading at which trojstva.

Transshipment barge, which sank soil or coal from the repository site to berth away from shore in the open area of the warehouse for loading soil or coal in a transport ship, anchored at the loading/unloading terminal.

Then the transport ship loaded with soil or coal, is sent to the destination.

Method overloading materials on the dock using the transfer barges, described above, and the system for overload have the disadvantages listed below.

For example, it is difficult to anchor handling barge to the shore, adjacent to open space storage berth, which stockpiled soil or coal to download the soil or coal transshipment barge, because the depth of water in the coastal strip adjacent to the site of the warehouse dock, insufficient for the production of handling barges at anchor.

To solve this problem, the seabed near the open area storage digging with removing the soil, so as to make the depth of water in the coastal area sufficient for the production of handling a barge anchored in the coastal strip near the open area of the store.

In this case, there is another drawback, which is that underwater dredging in the coastal zone, adjacent to open space storage is Lisa pier, requires additional costs, which complicates the process.

The purpose of the invention

Thus, this invention is intended to address and resolve the above disadvantages and problems associated with the conventional method overloading materials stored in coastal store, with transshipment barge, and a regular system for the handling of materials, and the purpose of this invention is to provide a method overload the content stored in coastal store, with transshipment barge, and systems for handling materials, in which the coastal strip adjacent to the open area of the warehouse dock, attach the pavement and bridge for the mooring of vessels with the possibility of moving in the vertical direction using a fixed piles with providing attachment transshipment barge to the bridge part and the bridge for the mooring of vessels regardless of the depth of the sea, adjacent to open space storage, thereby loading soil or coal stored in an open area storage, transshipment barge. Thus, the proposed method overloading materials found in the coastal store, with transshipment barge and system for handling allow to solve such problems as the difficulty of anchoring transshipment barge to the coastal strip, the MCA is Noah with open area storage dock due to the shallow depth of the sea, as well as additional costs and complicated procedure, caused by an underwater excavation in the coastal strip adjacent to open space storage berth, to create sufficient depth of water in the coastal strip adjacent to the site of the pier store, for setting her on anchor handling barge.

The invention

In accordance with this invention offers a way to overload the materials found on the open area of the coastal store, with transshipment barge that saturate materials such as soil or coal, located in the open area of the warehouse on the coastal berth for loading, the method includes the first step of handling mooring barge to the bridge, which is located for movement in a vertical direction in accordance with changes in the depth of sea water, holding out on the sea surface due to buoyancy, and one end of which is attached to the open area of the store to feed him ground or coal using the loading device, and the other end is attached on the upper side of handling barges and provided at the upper part of the first belt conveyor for handling soil or coal, the second stage of the disposal or coal from the open area of the store, overloaded the CSOs on the first conveyor loading device, transshipment barge, anchored at the bridge part, using the belt of the first conveyor, and the third stage mooring and attachment handling barges containing soil or coal, shipping barges, equipped with a second adjustable conveyor, by moving transshipment barge from the bridge part.

In addition, the method includes overload the fourth stage overload soil or coal transshipment barge, which is anchored at the side loading of the barge, using the loading device to the second adjustable conveyor designed with adjustable angular position in the horizontal and vertical directions, the fifth stage overload soil or coal taken in the loading of the barge, on the transport ship, which is anchored on the other side of the shipping barges using the second adjustable conveyor, and the sixth stage of movement of the transport ship, which is completely transferred to the soil or coal from the loading barges at the destination. Method overloading additionally involves the installation of the first adjustable conveyor with adjustable angular position in the horizontal and vertical directions between the first belt conveyor and transshipment barge, and providing between the bridge part and transshipment barge bridge for W is artouche vessels at the lower part of the first adjustable conveyor providing the possibility of moving in a vertical direction in accordance with changes in the depths of the sea water with the simultaneous retention of marine surface due to buoyancy, with each side surface of the pavement and bridge for the mooring of vessels perform the mounting part for piles, and still pile on one side attached to the bottom of the sea, and the other side they are above the upper parts of the pavement and bridge for the mooring of vessels at a predetermined height, so that the stationary piles connected with mounting parts for piles pavement and bridge for the mooring of vessels with the ability to move the latter in a vertical direction in accordance with the height of the sea water, with pavement and bridge for mooring ships move only in the vertical direction along the stationary piles and do not move in the horizontal direction under the influence of the flow of sea water or wind.

In accordance with this invention between the open area of the store and the bridge for the mooring of vessels with two or more bridge that perform independently and mounting parts for piles installed at both surfaces of the respective bridges, while still piles connected with the respective mounting parts, ensuring prevent damage to the respective bridges because of their separate vertical movement when moving seawater under the influence of wind or waves.

System overload, rednaznachena for handling materials located in the open area of the warehouse on the coastal pier, with transshipment barge that saturate materials such as soil or coal that resides on the specified open area, contains pavement part, made of several bridges connected in one or more lines in the direction of the open sea on the surface of the sea water near the coastal port with a hold on the sea surface due to buoyancy, the bridge for the mooring of vessels attached transversely to the front end of the bridge part with the provision of mooring barges at his side, and the mounting piles, submerged lower ends to the bottom of the sea along the edges of the bridges attached to each other in one of several lines, and bridge for the mooring of vessels and the protruding upper ends above the surface of sea water with providing support bridge part.

System for handling further comprises a first belt conveyor, which is installed on the upper surfaces of the bridge portion and the bridge for the mooring of vessels and one end of which is mounted on the open area of the warehouse, which stored soil or coal, and the other end is installed on the bridge for the mooring of vessels, the first adjustable conveyor mounted on the first conveyor and the bridge for the mooring of vessels and intended to change n the Board overload of materials, roaming the first belt conveyor, transshipment barge, designed for the reception and handling of materials, adopted by the first belt conveyor and the first regulated pipeline, in the open sea, when reloading the barge is at the side of the bridge for the mooring of vessels and shipping barge containing the second adjustable conveyor designed to transport materials from transshipment barge transport vessel when loading a barge moored to the ship anchored in the open sea transportation vessels and transshipment barge containing materials, moored to the other side of the shipping barges.

In particular, the objectives of the present invention can be achieved by using the system to overload, in which the bridge part and the bridge for the mooring of vessels supported fixed piles installed with the possibility of moving in the vertical direction on the fixed pile in accordance with the changing height of the sea surface, while the front end of the second adjustable conveyor, which is installed on the transport vessel is made rotatable in the range of 360° of the trench to provide uniform distribution of the materials loaded on the carrier.

Advantages of the invention

In accordance with the above-described invention attached the AI handling barges to the open area of the store with the purpose of loading soil or coal, stored on this site, transshipment barge, between the open area storage and transshipment barge mounted pavement and bridge for mooring vessels for connecting location with the coastal strip adjacent to open space storage can be moved in the vertical direction using a fixed piles with providing attachment transshipment barge to the bridge part and the bridge for the mooring of vessels, ensuring thereby the loading of the soil or coal stored in an open area storage, transshipment barge regardless of the depth of the sea near the open area of the store.

In addition, in this case no longer requires any underwater excavation from the bottom of the sea in the coastal strip around the open area of the store to increase the depth of water in the coastal zone and make it sufficient for anchoring transshipment barge off the coast near the open area of the store. Thus, it is possible to prevent any additional costs and complications of the procedure.

Brief description of drawings

Objectives, characteristics and advantages of this invention will become more apparent from the subsequent detailed description of the preferred options of execution with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

figure 1 depicts a top view of the design is the proposed system for handling materials on the coastal berth with transshipment barge;

SIG depicts a side view of the proposed system for handling materials on the coastal berth with transshipment barge;

figure 3 depicts a top view of the bridge and bridge for the mooring of vessels proposed system for handling materials on the coastal berth with transshipment barge;

figure 4 depicts a side view of the bridge and bridge for the mooring of vessels proposed system for handling materials on the coastal berth with transshipment barge;

figure 5 depicts a top view shipping barges and transport vessel of the proposed system for handling materials on the coastal berth with transshipment barge;

6 depicts a side view of the shipping barges and transport vessel of the proposed system for handling materials on the coastal berth with transshipment barge; and

7 depicts a side view of the shipping barges proposed system for handling materials on the coastal berth with transshipment barge.

The list of designations

100 outdoor space storage

110 - loading device

200 - bridged part

210 - the first belt conveyor

220 - the first adjustable conveyor

250 - bridge for mooring vessels

260 - mounting parts piles

300 - transshipment barge

400 - shipping barge

410 - the second R is guirey conveyor

420 - loading device

450 discharge chute

500 - supply ship

600 - stationary piles

The IMPLEMENTATION of the INVENTION

The following is a more detailed description regarding technical solutions and work embodiments of method overloading materials on coastal berth with transshipment barge and system for overload, which implement the invention, with reference to the drawings.

Figure 1 shows a top view of the design of the proposed system for handling materials on the coastal berth with transshipment barge, figure 2 shows a side view of the design of the system, figure 3 shows a top view of the bridge and bridge for the mooring of vessels proposed system for handling materials, figure 4 shows a side view of the bridge and bridge for the mooring of vessels proposed system for handling materials, figure 5 shows a top view shipping barges and transport vessel of the proposed system for handling materials 6 shows a side view of the shipping barges and transport vessel of the proposed system for handling materials and 7 shows side loading barges proposed system for handling materials.

In accordance with this invention proposes a method of overload of material on the open area of the app store on the panorama berth, using transshipment barge that transports materials such as soil or coal, located in the open area of the warehouse on the coastal pier, designed for transportation, and method overloading includes the first stage of handling mooring barges 300 to the bridge 200, which moves in a vertical direction in accordance with changes in the depth of sea water, holding out on the sea surface due to buoyancy, and one end of which is attached to the open area 100 stores the pier, and it must be filed with the soil or coal by means of the loading device 110 and the other end attached to the top of the barge 300 and provided at the upper part of the first belt conveyor 210 to move the soil or coal, and the second stage of the disposal or coal from the open area 100, is moved to the first conveyor 210 loading device 110, on the barge 300, attached to the bridge portion 200, with tape 210 of the first conveyor.

Method overloading further includes a third stage mooring and anchoring barges 300, cladirea soil or coal, shipping barges 400, comes with a second adjustable conveyor 410, by moving soil or coal from the bridge portion 200, the fourth stage of the movement of soil or coal from a barge 300, which is anchored in the Board the shipping barges 400, the second adjustable conveyor 410 using the loading device 420, and the second conveyor 410 is arranged to control the angular position in the horizontal and vertical directions, and the fifth stage of the movement of soil or coal taken transshipment barge 300 to transport the vessel 500, which is anchored on the other side of the shipping barges 400 using the second adjustable conveyor 410.

Furthermore, the method overload includes a sixth step of moving the carrier 500, which is completely displaced soil or coal from the loading barge 400, the destination, and further includes the steps of attaching the first regulated pipeline 220, made with adjustable angular position in the horizontal and vertical directions between the first belt conveyor 210 and barge 300, and providing bridge 250 for the mooring of vessels in the lower part of the first regulated pipeline 220 so as to ensure its movement in the vertical direction in accordance with changes in the depths of the sea water with simultaneous retention of the sea surface due to buoyancy between the pavement part 200 and barge 300, before performing the first stage, and each of the side surfaces of the bridge portion 200 and the bridge 250 for mooring vessels perform the mounting part 20 for piles thus to attach the bottom of the sea on one side fixed piles 600 and have them so that their other side is above the upper parts of the bridge portion 200 and the bridge 250 for a specified distance, so still piles 600 is combined with the fixing parts 260 for piles of the bridge portion 200 and the bridge 250 with capability of moving in a vertical direction in accordance with the height of the sea water, while the bridge portion 200 and the bridge 250 is moved only in the vertical direction along the stationary piles 600 and are not moved in the horizontal direction under the influence of the flow of sea water or wind.

In particular, two or more bridges 280 installed between the open area 100 and the bridge 250, have independent shape, wherein the mounting portion 260 for piles installed on both surfaces of the respective bridges 280, and piles 600 connected to the respective mounting parts 260 ensuring prevent damage to the respective bridges 280 because of their separate vertical movement when moving seawater under the influence of wind or waves.

System overload of material on the open area of the warehouse on the seaside pier, with transshipment barge that moves materials such as soil or coal, located in the open area on the coastal pier is, contains pavement part 200, is made of several bridges 280 connected to one or more lines in the direction of the open sea on the surface of the sea water near the coastal port with a hold on the sea surface due to buoyancy, the bridge 250 for the mooring of vessels attached transversely to the front end of the bridge portion 200 to provide mooring barges to the Board, and the mounting piles 600, shipped lower ends to the bottom of the sea along the edges of the bridges 280 attached to each other in one or more lines, and bridge 250 for the mooring of vessels and the protruding upper ends above the surface of sea water provision support bridge part 200.

System for handling further comprises a first conveyor belt 210, which is mounted on the upper surfaces of the bridge portion 200 and the bridge 250 and one end of which is installed in an open area 100 stores, quay, on which the stockpiled soil or coal, and the other end is installed on the bridge 250 for the mooring of vessels, the first adjustable conveyor 220 mounted on the first conveyor belt 210 and the bridge 250 and designed to change the direction of transport of material transported the first belt conveyor 210, and the barge 300, designed for the reception and transportation of materials, adopted by the first belt conveyor is 210 and the first adjustable conveyor 220, to the deep place, when the barge 300 is located at the side of the bridge 250 for the mooring of vessels.

System for handling further comprises loading a barge 400 containing the second adjustable conveyor 410, providing the shipment of materials from barges 300 in the transport vessel 500, when loading the barge 400 one Board moored to the ship anchored in the open sea vessel 500, and barge 300 containing materials, moored to its other side, and the bridge portion 200 and the bridge 250 for the mooring of vessels supported fixed piles 600, mounted for movement in a vertical direction on the stationary piles 600 in accordance with the changing height of the sea surface, with the front end of the second adjustable conveyor 410 that is mounted on a transport vessel 500, has a turning range 360° groove 450 to ensure uniform distribution of the materials loaded in the vessel 500.

In accordance with this invention during movement of soil or coal stored in an open area 100, the vessel 500, the first step is to mooring barges 300 to bridge part 200, one end of which is attached to the open area 100 and the other end attached on top of the barge 300, which is provided with the first belt conveyor 210, providing the movement of the soil is whether coal from the open area 100, the adopted loading device 110, on the barge, 300, and is arranged to move in a vertical direction under the influence of the depth of the sea, caused by the tides, with the simultaneous retention of the sea surface due to buoyancy.

In the second stage the soil or coal, moved onto the first conveyor belt 210 from the open area 100 stores loading device 110, is loaded into a barge 300, anchored to the pavement part 200, is made between open space 100 and barge 300, with the first belt conveyor 210.

After filling transshipment barge 300 soil or coal, as described above, in the third stage, the barge 300 is moved from the bridge portion 200 for anchoring to the shipping barge 400 that is installed with the second adjustable conveyor 410. Then, in the fourth stage, after the application of the barge 300 at the side of the shipping barges 400 in the fourth stage the soil or coal barges 300 move the loading device 420 to the second adjustable conveyor 410, provided for loading barges 400, and the second adjustable conveyor 410 is arranged to control the angular position in the vertical and horizontal directions.

As the movement of soil or coal transshipment barge to the second conveyor 410 loading barges at the fifth stage g of the CNTs and the coal is moved in the transport vessel 500, which agreed to anchor to the other side of the shipping barges 410 using the second adjustable conveyor 410. After full movement of soil or coal transshipment barge 300 in the transport vessel 500 second adjustable conveyor 410 sixth stage vessel 500 is sent from the shipping barges 400 to the destination.

In particular, the implementation of the first phase of mooring barges 300 to the bridge portion 200 between the first belt conveyor 210 and barge 300 establish the first adjustable conveyor 220 adjustable in horizontal and vertical directions, and between the bridge part 200 and barge 300 at the lower part of the first adjustable conveyor 220 sets the bridge 250 for the mooring of vessels with adjustable in a vertical direction in accordance with the high tide and low tide and hold on the sea surface due to buoyancy, so that the soil or coal can stably be loaded into a barge 300.

At the same time on each side surface of the bridge portion 200 and the bridge 250 is made of a fixing part 260 for piles installed between the open area 100 storage and transshipment barge 300 and connected respectively with piles 600. Each stationary pile one end attached to the bottom of the sea and passes above the upper parts of the bridge portion 200 and the bridge 250 other end.

Therefore clicks the zoom, by connecting bridge portion 200 and the bridge 250 with piles 600, as described above, the bridge portion 200 and the bridge 250 is connected so that they do not move from side to side in accordance with the high tide and low tide or the wind, and from there they can move in the vertical direction along the piles 600.

In particular, two or more bridge part 200 is made independently, with the fixing part 260 is installed on both sides of the independent bridges 280 together by means of a stationary piles 600 so that the respective bridges 280 are connected to each other through connection with a move. Thus, when moving seawater under the influence of wind or tide appropriate bridges moved in the vertical direction separately, which prevents damage to bridges 280.

In addition, the front end of the second adjustable conveyor 410 that is attached to the shipping barge 400 and loads the soil or coal taken from the barge 300, the vessel 500, provides 360° rotating chute 450 to ensure uniform distribution of the materials loaded on the vessel 500.

Although the invention is described in detail with reference to embodiments of the specialists should be clear that it is possible to perform various variants and modifications without rejected the I from the essence and scope of this invention.

1. Method overloading materials found on the coastal pier, with transshipment barge that moves materials such as soil or coal, which is to overload on the open area of the warehouse on the seaside pier, including:
mooring transshipment barge (300) to the bridge part (200), which is arranged to move in a vertical direction in accordance with changes in the depths of the sea water attached to the surface of the water due to buoyancy, and one end of which is attached to the specified open area (100) for feeding him ground or coal using the loading device (110), and the other end is installed on the top side of the transshipment barge (300) and is provided on the upper part of the first belt conveyor (210) to move the soil or coal,
disposal or coal that resides on the specified platform (100) and moved onto the first conveyor belt (210) loading device (110), transshipment barge (300)attached at the bridge part (200), using the first belt conveyor (210),
mooring and anchoring of handling barges (300)containing soil or coal, shipping barges (400)having a second adjustable conveyor (410), by moving transshipment barge from the bridge part (200),
overloading of the soil or coal transshipment who offered barges (300), anchored at the side of the shipping barges (400), the second adjustable conveyor (410) using a loading device (420)and the second adjustable conveyor (410) is arranged to control the angular position in the horizontal and vertical directions;
overloading of the soil or coal taken transshipment barge (300), in the transport vessel (500), anchored on the other side of the shipping barges (400), using a second adjustable conveyor (410); and
moving the transport vessel (500), which are completely overwhelmed by the soil or shipping coal from barges (400), in the destination.

2. The method according to claim 1, in which before running onto the bridge part (200) transshipment barge (300) is additionally attached to the first adjustable conveyor (220)made with adjustable angular position in the horizontal and vertical directions between the first belt conveyor (210) and transshipment barge (300), and placed at the lower part of the first adjustable conveyor (220) bridge (250) for the mooring of vessels by providing the possibility of moving in a vertical direction in accordance with changes in the depth of sea water retention on the surface of the sea due to buoyancy between the bridge part (200 and transshipment barge (300).

3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, in which each is the iron surface of the bridge part (200) and bridge (250) for the mooring of vessels place the mounting part (260) for piles and to the bottom of sea on one side attach static piles (600), and place them so that the other part is located above the upper parts of the bridge part (200) and bridge (250) for the mooring of vessels at a predetermined length, so that static piles (600) connected to the fastening parts (260) for piles located on the bridge part (200) and the bridge (250) for the mooring of vessels, with the possibility of movement of the latter in the vertical direction in accordance with the height of the sea water, so that the bridge portion (200) and the bridge (250 for mooring ships move only in the vertical direction along the stationary piles (600) and is not moved in the horizontal direction under the influence of the flow of sea water or wind.

4. The method according to claim 1 or 2, in which two or more bridges (280)installed between an open platform (100) storage and bridge (250) for the mooring of vessels, performed independently, and the mounting part (260) for piles installed on both surfaces of the respective bridges (280), while still piles (600) connected to the respective mounting parts (260) ensuring prevent damage to the respective bridges (280) due to their separate vertical movement when moving seawater under the influence of wind or waves.

5. System for handling materials found on the coastal pier, using the reloading bar and, which overloads materials such as soil or coal, which is to overload on the open area of the warehouse on the seaside pier, containing:
bridge part (200)made of several bridges (280)connected to one or more lines in the direction of the open sea on the surface of the sea water near the coastal port with a hold on the sea surface due to buoyancy,
bridge (250) for the mooring of vessels attached transversely to the front end of the bridge part (200) to provide a mooring barges at his side,
the mounting piles (600), shipped their lower ends to the bottom of the sea along the edges of the bridges (280), attached to each other in one or more lines, and bridge (250) for the mooring of vessels and the protruding upper ends above the surface of the sea with the maintenance of the bridge part (200),
the first belt conveyor (210), which is mounted on the upper surface of the bridge part (200) and bridge (250) for the mooring of vessels and one end of which is installed on the specified platform (100), where the soil or coal, and the other end is installed on the bridge (250) for the mooring of ships,
the first adjustable conveyor (220)mounted on the first conveyor (210) and the bridge (250) for the mooring of vessels and designed to change the direction of loading materials transmitted first band con is aerom (210),
transshipment barge (300)intended for the storage and handling of materials taken the first belt conveyor (210) and the first adjustable conveyor (220), in the open sea, when transshipment barge (300) is located at the side of the bridge (250) for the mooring of vessels;
shipping barge (400)containing a second adjustable conveyor (410)intended for handling materials handling barges (300) in the transport vessel (500)when loading the barge (400) moored to a transport vessel (500)standing at anchor in the open sea, one Board, and transshipment barge (300), which are materials moored to another Board.

6. The system according to claim 5, in which the bridge part (200) and the bridge (250) for the mooring of vessels supported fixed piles (600), mounted for movement in a vertical direction on the static piles (600) in accordance with the changing height of the sea surface.

7. The system according to claim 5 or 6, in which the front end of the second adjustable conveyor (410)mounted on a transport vessel (500), is a chute made can be rotated 360° for uniform distribution of the materials loaded on the specified ship.



 

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1 dwg

FIELD: ship building.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device intended for loading and unloading loose materials comprises steel bridge (1) representing multi-span beam resting upon pile foundation (2), and mooring pier supporting appliances intended for one or several ship unloaders and/or unloaders (5) and for pier belt conveyor (33) passing over the entire length of aforesaid bridge. Aforesaid unloaders (5) and/or unloaders are arranged to move on along bridge (1) and comprise at least one travelling boom with belt conveyor. Said boom can move on unloader (5), across steel bridge rack and ship lengthwise axis, or to turn about the unloader around its horizontal and/or vertical axis.

EFFECT: reduced and simplified design.

16 cl, 17 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed complex comprises sea terminal and device intended for loading tans cars on the ferry that includes railway. Aforesaid device is mounted on the said sea terminal to move relative to the latter. Note here that proposed complex comprises support structures mounted nearby moorage wall on the sea bottom and arranged to allow mounting strong linkages of the aforesaid ferry hull. Note also that crosswise sections or railways arranged on ferry cargo deck comply with those of railways mounted on aforesaid loading device arranged on the berth.

EFFECT: simplified loading/unloading, higher reliability and efficiency.

6 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mechanised complexes for unloading, grading and carrying of loose cargo. Proposed complex comprises hydro scheme 1 with underground pump 3 with intake branch pipe 6 and casing 12, hydraulic cyclone, hydraulic screen 35 and hydraulic classifier 34. Tube to feed water for sand-gravel mix wash-out is connected to outer side of casing 12. Hydraulic cyclone communicates with hydraulic classifier inlet via damper 37 wherein said is separated into two fractions. Gravel is graded into three different factions and fed onto belt conveyors.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of sand-gravel mix unloading, carrying and grading.

5 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment used for handling ship cargoes by quay cranes integrated into complex. Said complex comprises two and more mobile jig quay cranes each including jig crane assembly made up of jig, tower, rotary platform with power drives and actuators, and foundation platform thrusting on shoes of articulated outrigger system or telescoping outrigger system. Each said crane has composite foundation platform comprising load bearing metal frame to support jig crane assembly. One of cranes may be equipped with self-contained self-propelled wheeled undercarriage arranged below said load bearing metal frame. All cranes of said complex may be transferred by said self-propelled wheeled undercarriage. Handling of other cargoes is performed using its load bearing ability.

EFFECT: cargo handling by one self-contained drive mechanism.

5 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises soil pump 3 mounted on rotary platform 2 of hydraulic structure 1, mounting jib beam 4 and counterweight 5. Suction branch pipe bottom part is enclosed concentrically in casing 12. Water feed tube is connected to casing outer side. Nozzles to wash out sand-gravel mix are arranged under said casing. Horizontal sections of suction branch pipe and water feed tube for sand-gravel mix wash-out are arranged in parallel to each other and can turn. Suction branch pipe incorporates insert that allows horizontal section of suction branch pipe to turn thereabout. Pressure pipeline is communicated with soil pump via vertical insert to allow said pump to turn thereabout, pump pressure branch pipe being arranged along the platform turn axis. Suction branch pipe is connected by flexible element via deflecting unit with drum winch.

EFFECT: higher efficiency and reliability.

3 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method of terminal transfer of coal from train 1 to ships 10 comprises discharging gondola cars by car tipper, processing and carrying the coal to pier, loading coal continuously by shipboard loader 9 onto ships. Shipboard loader parametres are optimised with due allowance for all components of the process, ship type and size and cargo handling equipment. In-port coal transfer is performed by process line comprising belt conveyors located in series and parallel that feature transfer rate control, distributing coal flows from main distribution tower in different directions by remote control means with due allowance for accurate configuration of bulk flows. Coal is subjected to crushing by controlled-parametre hammer and roller crushers, separating ferromagnetic inclusions by belt magnetic separators. All aforesaid processes are performed in closed premises.

EFFECT: continuous transfer, environmental safety.

8 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to reload cargoes from railroad vehicles to road transport and visa versa. Proposed system comprises track 1, reloading way 6 arranged on track level and parallel to track 1, cargo transverse transfer device to transfer replaceable bearing element 51 from car 2 to reloading track 6 and back. Shuttle intended for transfer of replaceable self-driven bearing element 51 is arranged on at least one bearing rail element 8, 9, across track 1. Car has two rotary bogies with horizontal support frame with its center accommodating intake element coupled with appropriate rotary bogie front element 34 with its support element that enters intake element of rotary bogie, two hinged sidewalls 39 linked with front elements 34 and locked therewith.

EFFECT: simplified reloading and reduced reloading time.

30 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to terminal for flow container processing using the port double incline. Proposed terminal comprises double incline, loading shop, systems of longitudinal and lateral conveyors, container platforms, hoisting cranes and computer-based control system. Terminals for containers loading on/unloading from railway cars are located at double incline between its crown and branching of delivery track, while conveyor lines run separately to every said loading/unloading site on appropriate track branch on two opposite sides. Additional branches are introduced into gap between double incline crown and first point starting branching of delivery tracks. Said additional branches are intended for distributing processed cars between separate tracks furnished with car loading/unloading facilities whereat car is stopped and locked by car decelerator. Then cars are again grouped on one track for further distribution between double incline delivery tracks.

EFFECT: higher efficiency with no increase in process area.

2 cl, 28 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: terminal system for loading/reloading (51) the ships (50) - container vessels incorporates the first berth (21) which provides ability for container vessel mooring; at least, one first reloading appliance (40), which is arranged near the first berth and is used for reloading from and/or to container vessel accordingly to and/or from the specified transit buffer area (20), arranged near the first berth for load temporary storage; and, at least, one second reloading appliance (22) intended for reloading from and/or to the buffer area accordingly to and/or from the terminal structure for load storage. Transit buffer area contains dock, which essentially lies between the first berth and, at least, one second berth of terminal structure, which provides ability to interact with the second reloading appliance. The second reloading appliance is a floating appliance which provides ability to take load and move afloat between the first and second berths.

EFFECT: invention increases functionality and enhances reliability.

13 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to transshipment equipment for combined transportation. Proposed method deals with transshipping cargoes in containers (L) on platform using non-stationary replaceable pan (5) carried by railroad cars and container transfer device arranged stationary directly nearby track. Note that there are at least three parallel tracks and paths, first (11) for trucks, second (12) for temporary location of aforesaid replaceable pan and transshipping path (13) to crosswise transfer of containers. Proposed method consists in moving truck along approach way to leave container on aforesaid pan. The latter is transferred into cargo car to be fixed therein. In unloading the cargo train, jobs are effected in reverse sequence. Transport system comprises cars with rotary bogies jointed to the frame, pan and pan transfer device. Replaceable pan is furnished with extending lengthwise beams and horns.

EFFECT: expanded performances.

20 cl, 57 dwg

FIELD: mechanics.

SUBSTANCE: invention deals with storing and re-loading packaged cargos. Gravity store for cylindrical container includes feeder for items and tray installed under the feeder. The said tray is provided with uniform tier-structured shelves (2) being hinge-connected between each other. The said shelves can be turned vertically and provided with windows to transfer items from one shelf to another. Tilted guiding shelves are rigidly fixed at a constant angle α, which ensures stable oscillation of items when they are transported with the account of friction forces. The said tilted guiding shelves are implemented as two hinge-connected tilted corners (3) comprised of initial fixed parts (4) and finite movable parts (5) located in front of the loading windows. The above-mentioned movable parts are constricted. The initial parts of corners are provided with grouping flexible rods filled with adjustable liquid. The said rods let the item passing one by one only when the rod is pressed horizontally by no less than two items. Spring-loaded dampers are installed in the transition point of shelves.

EFFECT: solidity of structure and reduced dynamic loads.

2 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: transport.

SUBSTANCE: proposed complex comprises lifting-and-conveying equipment arranged on the first deck of the section of packing cement compound into barrels, that of the section of settling down the said packages arranged on the second deck, the lifting-and-conveying equipment of the package certification section and package stepwise transfer mechanism. The said first section includes the sections of idler roller conveyor (5-7), package lifting-and-lowering mechanism (9) and assembly (10) to drain cement compound into barrels. The lifting-and-conveying equipment of the second section comprises two-row plate conveyors (43) arranged on both sides of roller conveyor (8) and handling appliances. Package stepwise transfer mechanism (21) comprises the posts with guide rollers arranged nearby the roller conveyor and pushrods for arrangement between adjacent packages.

EFFECT: accurate package positioning, higher safety and reliability.

19 cl, 16 dwg

FIELD: location finding.

SUBSTANCE: according to the method module and angle of increment vectors of motion are determined which vectors relate to motion of transportation vehicle. Then correspondent position of transportation vehicle is determined automatically at specified points within specific area when the transportation vehicle passes those points. Current position of transportation vehicle within area is found by means of vector addition of increment vectors of motion with vector of position of current position. Automatical finding of the position of transportation vehicle is performed by means of pick-up unit mounted on transportation vehicle which unit interacts with corresponding control mark without having contact with it. Control mark has reflecting and non-reflecting surfaces which are subject to scanning simultaneously by means of two signals sent from transportation vehicle. Coordinates of control position of transportation vehicle and angle of movement are determined due to estimation of reflected signals depending on time.

EFFECT: improved precision; improved reliability.

13 cl, 5 dwg

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