Wind generator

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: wind generator comprises an aircraft (a wind receiver) with a device for wind setting, a working element. The latter makes reciprocal movements. The wind generator comprises a base with a hole for fixation to a pipe. A lever is hingedly fixed to the specified base, being connected hingedly with the wind receiver (aircraft) stand. The compressor under action of the lever produces compressed air sent to a vortex pipe. The working element makes reciprocal movements and is arranged in the form of a traction rod. The traction rod with one end is hingedly connected with the lower end of the stand, with the other end it is connected with a roller inserted into a base slot.

EFFECT: simplified design of a device for conversion of wind force into electric energy and possibility to install a device on roofs of multi-storeyed houses near power transmission lines.

1 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of energy and can be used to convert the energy of the wind acting on the aircraft, performing oscillatory motion, with the transfer of mechanical work on the generator or other working body.

A device created by specialists from Delft University of technology, the Netherlands, to generate electricity based on a kite. In this device a kite attached to a generator located on the ground. Electricity is produced due to the motion of the snake up. As soon as the snake reaches the maximum height, its angle changes and he begins to plan down, and then the cycle repeats.

(gizmod.ru 2008/08/07/esche_odna_34vozdushnaja...).

The disadvantage of this device lies in the fact that in the absence of wind, the aircraft will descend to the earth and it again will need to run. In addition, it is useful only works when lifting the snake up and setting it may not be near power lines.

A device for RF patent for the invention №2109981 from 27.04.1998, "Way to convert the kinetic energy of the velocity pressure of the wind and the wind". It contains aircraft held by the rope, bridle variable length, distorting the PI retornou bearing, worm shaft Reitern drive for asking the difference of angles of attack a tethered flying machine. Its mechanism performs a reciprocating motion that allows you to perform useful work.

The disadvantage of this device lies in the fact that at low speed wind pressure received energy is small, and in the absence of wind, the aircraft will descend to the earth and it will need to be re-run. In addition, the device has a relatively complicated construction, and the installation may not be near power lines.

Closest to the proposed device is the device Converter wind energy into electrical energy by the RF patent №2380569 from 27.01.2010 year. It contains aircraft with holding rope, working body, reciprocating movement, and the mechanism that produces useful work. According to the invention the aircraft is made in the form of the body is lighter than air with the aerodynamic profile and has a lower spherical and flat upper surface, with the bottom side of the aircraft coupled with a cable with three radiating from the cable lierow, at the bottom of the rope passes through the fixed funnel receiver with an expanding part facing to the aircraft, below recooping receiver cable coupled to the winch, the working body and the mechanism that produces useful work done in the form of electrical generator with the translational motion of the armature, coupled to the cable below the funnel-shaped receiver with clamp, and a compression spring-tension, compression spring-tension the lower end rigidly connected to a stationary surface.

A disadvantage of this device is that it cannot be installed near power lines, on the roofs of multi-storey buildings and has a certain structural complexity.

The objective of the proposed technical solution was the development of a simple device for converting wind power into electrical energy, which can be installed on the roofs of multi-storey buildings near power lines.

To solve this problem is proposed device, comprising: a generator with an impeller mounted on the pipe; the base with the hole in which it turns freely on the tube; vortex tube connected to the compressor, made for example in the form of a two-chamber bellows with two pairs of suction valves and exhaust valves, which under the action of the lever produces compressed air and passes it to a vortex tube from which the air is directed to the impeller generator; freely in e.g. the work (attached to the lever) traction one end of which is connected by a hinge to the lower end of the bar, the other end connected to the roller inserted in the slot of a certain form, is made in the base; vitroplant (aircraft), made for example in the form of a sail with the device installed on the wind, made for example in a vertical plane.

The claimed device differs from the prototype in that it contains:

- base with hole for attaching to the pipe;

- lever connected with the compressor and articulated with the base and stand micropreemie (aircraft);

- rod with roller inserted into the slot;

vortex the tube.

From the above list of characteristics of the claimed device and achieve the objectives clearly shows that the claimed technical solution is a new set of features that provide a new technical result is not known at the filing date of the application, i.e. the device meets the criterion of "novelty."

A new technical result that can be obtained by carrying out device, is to simplify the construction of devices for converting wind power into electrical energy and the ability to install the device on the roofs of multi-storey buildings near power lines.

The proposed industrial device is applicable, as it can be used in the national economy to generate electricity.

The proposed device is shown in the drawing (side view).

The device comprises: a base 1 with an opening 2, in which as a prop installed pipe 3 with the ability to freely rotate therein the base 1, the aircraft 4, made for example in the form of a hang glider, with the device 5 installed on the wind, made for example in a vertical plane, a lever 6, which connects the base 1 and the aircraft 4 and acting on the compressor 7, which generates the compressed air entering the vortex tube 8 and thence to the impeller 9 of the generator 10, fixed on the pipe 3, the mechanism 11, providing the movement of the aircraft 4 up and down relative to the earth, consisting, for example, from the rack 12, a pinned hinge 13 on aircraft 4 freely in the guide 14 (attached to the lever 6) thrust 15, one end of which is connected by a hinge 16 with the lower end of the rack 12, the other end connected to the roller 17, is inserted into the slot 18 of a particular shape made in the base 1.

The wind turbine may be manufactured from metal and (or) durable plastic industrial method.

An example of using the device.

In the absence of wind under the action of gravity of the aircraft is of Parata 4 lever 6 is omitted, therefore fully compressed the lower chamber of the compressor 7. Under the influence of wind device 5 sets a flying machine 4 to the wind, and the base 1 is deployed in the hole 5 on the pipe 3. Under the action of wind flying device 4, together with the stand 12 and the lever 6, will begin to rise upwards, and therefore the lever 6 will cease to press on the lower chamber of the compressor 7 and it will arrive air at the same time the lever 6 presses on the upper chamber of the compressor 7, resulting from it, the compressed air will be available in a vortex tube 8 where, turning on the output in the vortex, will start to rotate the impeller 9 of the generator 10. Upon reaching the aircraft of the upper end position of the rod 15, due to the specific position of the roller 17 in the slots 18 acts on the rack 12, which leads to tilt down the front edge of the aircraft 4, and therefore under the action of wind flying machine 4 will begin to descend. The lever 6 will cease to exert pressure on the upper chamber of the compressor 7 and it will arrive air at the same time the lever 6 presses on the lower chamber of the compressor 7, resulting from it, the compressed air will be available in a vortex tube 8. There compressed air, turning on the output in the vortex acts on the impeller 9 of the generator 10. Upon reaching the aircraft 4 extreme lower position pull is for a certain position of the roller 17 in the slots 18 acts on the rack 12, that leads to lifting the front edge of the aircraft 4, and therefore under the action of wind flying machine 4 will go up.

Wind turbines can be installed on reinforced concrete roofs of high-rise apartment houses. For this purpose the pipe 3, is used as the supports are welded to the metal element of the roof.

This example shows that if the instrument is achieved by the claimed technical result: created a simple construction of the device for converting wind power into electrical energy, which can be installed on the roofs of multi-storey buildings near power lines.

Wind turbines, including aircraft (vitroplant) with the device for installation on the wind, working body, making a backward movement, characterized in that it comprises a base with a hole for fastening to pipe, to which is pivotally attached a lever connected pivotally to the reception micropreemie (aircraft), and the compressor, under the action of the lever produces compressed air is directed into the jet pipe, and a working body, making a backward movement, made in the form of thrust, one end of which is pivotally connected with the lower end of the bar, the other end connected to a roller inserted in the slot of the base.



 

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