Method of panels fixation
SUBSTANCE: method of panels fixation includes arrangement of panels on a surface and their fixation. Fixation of panels with rabbets on the upper and lower sides is carried out bottom-up by application of an adhesive compound onto a surface, where panels are fixed. At first the lower panel is fixed with simultaneous fixation on its upper rabbet of at least two connection elements mounted as protruding beyond the rabbet. The upper panel is installed above the lower panel, pressed to the wall with an adhesive compound and displaced downwards to close rabbets and entrance of protruding parts of connection elements into an upper panel body. Afterwards the upper side along the rabbet is fixed with simultaneous fixation of connection elements for the next upper panel.
EFFECT: invention makes it possible to simplify the technology of panels fixation, having increased its reliability and tightness at the same time.
7 cl, 5 dwg
The invention relates to the field of construction, in particular to technology and the means of connection mainly insulation panels on the walls of buildings, and can be used for mounting any purpose panels across a variety of vertical, inclined or horizontal surfaces.
Widely known method for joining structural members, such as wooden boards in the tenon or lap, which on the side of the joined sides of the Board perform sample - fold, after which the boards connect, imposing folds of each other and overlapping, thus the gap between the boards. However, this connection is not always effective because of the sensitivity of wood to temperature and humidity conditions, causing its deformation and the formation of gaps.
Famous invisible fastener and method of fixing planks on the surface for a utility model patent of the Russian Federation No. 99033, from 09.08.2010,, IPC EV 1/26, characterized by the presence of the pin serif and unbendable part with a hole for the fastening element, with unbendable hat is made with two functional areas - unbendable part with a hole for the fastening element and unbendable part with spike, separated by a slot, the size of the cap is calculated on the basis of the thickness of the connected boards, and the depth of required between the boards of the gap, the thorn is americna side edges of the unbendable part with thorn, made it as a whole and provided with a limiter, which is used as the mechanical surface unbendable part of the cap with a pin, provided that the base of the spike begins on the same line with this end surface. Attach the boards are placed on the joists and fasten using invisible fasteners, for which the last set at the edge of the Board tilted 45-60°, scored the pin with the notch in the head of the hat. Next turn in unbendable part with a hole to position 90° and fasten the screw through the hole on the cap. Then using a mallet fill the second Board on the spikes.
The disadvantages of this method include the difficulty of the fastening element and the gap between the joined boards leading to a significant loss of heat, for example, during installation of insulation boards.
Known improved connecting device for insulating joints and the method of its implementation. Cm. the RF application No. 2004105157 of 19.07.2002. IPC EV 1/76. Connecting device for insulating connections, at least two walls of the building structure made of concrete and/or masonry, with one of these walls, called the second wall made from the other wall, the first wall, both walls form an angle with the contains insulating element and the reinforcing elements, for the transmission of mechanical stresses between the two walls. The method includes the following steps: establish the first formwork, install possible insert, implement detachable fastening of the metal reinforcing elements of the first casing and implement detachable mounting on the first insulating formwork element containing the neck and at least one shelf made from cervical to the first casing with the possibility of overlapping at least part of the metal reinforcing elements. The first casing is metal, and detachable mounting fasteners are of the magnetic type.
The disadvantages of this method are its complexity and lack of effectiveness of the insulation due to the presence of bulky metal structural elements and additionally unreliable connections by means of detachable fastening of the magnetic type.
The present invention is to eliminate the disadvantages of the known method, in particular the provision of reliable, leak-proof and simple compounds mainly insulation panels.
This object is achieved by a set of known essential features, such as installation and fastening of the panels on the wall and new characteristics, which consists in fixing warm the insulation panels with a seam on the top and bottom sides on the wall of the building from the bottom up by applying to the surface of the adhesive composition, fixing the first bottom panel with simultaneous fastening on the top rebate, at least two connecting elements mounted protruding from the seam, after which the top panel is installed over the bottom panel, pressed to the wall with adhesive and slip down to the overlapping folds and sign protrusions and connecting elements in the body of the top panel, after which the upper side of the top panel by a fold is fixed with screws on the wall with simultaneous installation of connecting elements for connection with the next upper panel.
Protruding from the top fold of the bottom panel portion of the connecting elements are in the form of protrusions are triangular, rectangular, trapezoidal, oval or in the form of oblique triangular in shape cut that can be made, at least one Flexi hose.
The panel on the wall connect one above the other and offset up to half the length of the panel to the side.
On the upper side of the panel to perform the rebate grooves-grooves for installing the fasteners and the holes or slots for the passage of screws or screws.
The height of the grooves for connecting elements on the top panel folds perform equal to 1,0-1,5 thickness of the connecting elements.
On the lower side of the panel opposite the attachment of each connecting e is amenta in the body of the panels have recesses to log them in advocating for a rebate of part of the connecting elements.
The height of the recesses for entering the protruding part of the connecting elements are equal to 0.5 and 1.0 times the thickness of the connecting element.
The novelty of the proposed method is the attachment of insulation panels with a seam on the top and bottom sides on the wall of the building from the bottom up by applying to the surface of the adhesive, fastening the first bottom panel with simultaneous fastening on the top rebate, at least two connecting elements mounted protruding from the seam, after which the top panel is installed over the bottom panel, pressed to the wall with adhesive and slip down to the overlapping folds and sign protrusions and connecting elements in the body of the top panel, after which the upper side of the top panel by a fold is fixed with screws on the wall with simultaneous installation of connecting elements for communication with the next upper panel.
So the presence of the connecting elements protruding parts can be reliably and firmly set the fold one panel at a fold another panel, in addition to bonding to provide a panel fastening with screws or screws, to prevent separation of the panel from the surface on which it is fixed, to avoid warping the panel length during operation and, thereby, to create an effective screen to ensure the reduction of heat loss. The fastener panels hide and does not spoil the appearance. In addition, the connection of the panels requires time spent on waiting for the adhesive to dry and will keep the panel.
Signs perform protruding from the top fold of the bottom panel portion of the connecting elements in the form of protrusions are triangular, rectangular, trapezoidal, oval or in the form of a slanting cut shapes that can be performed, at least one Flexi hose, connection panels on top of each other or offset up to half the length of the panel in hand, perform excavation to install fasteners and holes or slots for the passage through them of screws or screws, running the depth of the grooves for connecting elements equal to 1.0 to 1.5 to the thickness of the connecting elements, the execution on the lower side of the panel opposite the attachment of the connecting elements in the body of the panel recesses for sign-in speakers for Falz parts of the connecting elements, and the execution of the height of recesses for entering the protruding part of the connecting elements is 0.5-1.0 thickness of the connecting element are additional signs that reveal specific performance essential characteristics, and contribute to the achievement of invention tasks.
According to the results of the patent-information is authorized to research the proposed method is new, signs of significant, non-obvious, industrially feasible and is aimed at achieving the invention of the task.
1 schematically depicts a variant of the connection panels on top of each other.
Figure 2 - connection of panels with lateral offset.
Figure 3 shows the fastening of the panels on the wall - side view.
Figure 4 shows: (a) the slot on the top rebate for passage of a screw, b) a hole made in the top panel rebate for passage of a screw, in) hole in panel to enter the protruding part of the connecting elements, d) the slot on the top panel rebate for the installation of the connecting element.
Figure 5 presents embodiments of the protruding part of the connecting elements: (a) triangular, (b) rectangular, b) in the form of a truncated cone, g) in the form of semi-circle, d) in the form of oblique triangular slice, (e) shows a connecting element with a Flexi hose in the center.
The proposed method of attachment of the panels illustrated graphic materials, in which the wall 1 coated with the adhesive composition 2 fixed bottom panel 3 to 4 fold in the upper part of the cavity 5 which has connecting elements 6 with a projecting part 7, which may be in the form of 8 triangular, rectangular, 9, in the form of a truncated cone 10, 11 or semi-oval in form casultrapure slice 12 tabs. Excavation depth 5 "h" is made equal to the thickness of the coupling element plus the height of the protruding part of the screw 15. For a tighter connection to the protruding parts of the connecting elements may be one or more bumps 13. On the bottom panel 3 is set by the top panel 14, which is fixed on the wall with screws 15 of the groove 16 or into the hole 17 made on the top rebate 4.
To ensure freer and dense entrance protrusions of the connecting elements 6 in the body of the top panel 14 in the last perform of the recesses 18 that the height "h'" can be made less than the thickness of the connecting elements 6, the value of 0.5-1.0 thickness of the connecting element.
The method of fastening panels is as follows.
The bottom panel 3 by means of adhesive composition 2 and the screws 14 is fastened to the wall 1. When the lock bar by screws 15 in the notches 5 of the top fold 4 of the panel 3 are the connecting elements 6, the protruding cantilever portion which can be done in different forms - 8 triangular, rectangular, 9, in the form of a truncated cone 10, 11 semi, oblique triangular slice 12 or one, at least, Flexi hose 13. After fixing the bottom panel 3 from top to establish the second panel, which is first pressed against the adhesive status is Wu 2, put on a wall 1, and then move down on the protruding portion of the connecting elements 6. This protruding part of the connecting elements includes cutting or directly into the body of the top panel 14, or executed by the recesses 18. The lower fold of the upper panel is closed connecting elements 6 and tightly overlap the gaps between the panels. The upper side of the second panel is fixed exactly the same as the bottom panel 3 screws 14 preset in the notches 5 of the upper fold top panel connecting elements 6. Further, the installation operation of each subsequent panel again.
The recess 18 in the top panel, provide more free and more dense input protruding parts 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 connecting elements 6. To create more dense connection of the connecting elements 6 perform corrugated 13 or the height of the recesses 18 perform equal to 0.5 and 1.0 times the thickness of the connecting element.
Depending on the desired appearance of the panel can be placed one above the other and offset in hand. The maximum offset value may be equal to 0.5 of the length of the panel in one or the other side. The depth of the grooves for connecting elements is equal to 1,0-1,5 thickness of the connecting elements, and the height of the recesses for the entrance is in them protruding part of the connecting elements is 0.5-1.0 thickness of the connecting element
A specific example of implementation of the proposed method.
The bottom panel 3 made of extruded polystyrene foam with a length of 300 cm and a width of 60 cm, using the adhesive composition 2 and the screws 14 is secured on the wall 1. When attaching the bottom panel screws 14 in the notches 5 of its top fold 4 set of connecting elements 6, the protruding cantilever part of which was performed 8 triangular shape. After fixing the bottom panel 3 above has established a second panel, which first drew me to the adhesive composition 2 is applied to the wall 1, and then slipped down on the protruding triangular part of the connecting elements 6. With speakers triangular part of the connecting elements, slitting the material included in the body of the top panel, and a fold panels tightly blocked the gap between the panels and closed the connecting elements. The upper side of the second panel secured exactly the same as the upper side of the bottom panel screws 14 preset in the notches 5 of the connecting elements 6. Further, the installation operation of each subsequent panel was repeated. Panel positioned relative to each other with an offset to the sides at half their length.
Currently, the applicant for the proposed method developed technical documentation, made several experienced connective element of the s and panels and in August 2010 carried out by experienced fastening of panels on the wall of a building activities. Tests showed positive results. The panels are securely held on the wall, not subject to warping, keep warm.
Decided to use the proposed method when fixing the panels on the walls of buildings, which to organize serial production of panels and connecting elements.
1. The method of fixing panels involving placement of panels on the surface and their fastening, characterized in that the fastening of panels with a seam on the top and bottom sides of the implement from the bottom up by applying to the surface on which the fixed panel, adhesive, fastening the first bottom panel with simultaneous fastening on the top rebate, at least two connecting elements mounted protruding from the seam, after which the top panel is installed over the bottom panel, pressed to the wall with adhesive and slip down to the overlapping folds and sign protrusions and connecting elements in the body of the top panel, after what upper side on a leaf clip with simultaneous fastening of the connecting elements for the next top panel.
2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that protruding from the top fold of the bottom panel portion of the connecting elements stored is performed in the shape of triangular protrusions, oval, rectangular or trapezoidal shape, which can be performed with at least one Flexi hose.
3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that panel on the wall connect one above the other and offset up to half the length of the panel to the side.
4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that on the upper side of the panel on the rebate perform excavation to install fasteners and holes or slots for the passage of screws or screws.
5. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the height of the grooves for connecting elements on the top panel folds perform equal to the thickness of the connecting elements.
6. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that on the lower side of the panel opposite the attachment of each connecting element in the body of the panels have recesses to log them in advocating for a rebate of part of the connecting elements.
7. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the height of the recesses for entering the protruding part of the connecting elements are equal to 0.5 and 1.0 times the thickness of the connecting element.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to flaky items used in construction for heat insulation of buildings and premises in it. The heat and sound insulation unit comprises filler webs laid one onto another, every of which comprises a corrugated sheet with corrugations of zigzag shape and a flat sheet connected to it. In each filler web, at least at one longitudinal side of the filler web, the flat sheet is arranged with a transverse size below the corrugated sheet by value of at least half of a pitch of a zigzag-shaped corrugation, thus producing a compensator from corrugations protruding beyond the flat sheet, capable of being compressed in transverse direction for gapless laying of the filler web into a building structure. A serrated line of corrugated sheet bend matches the edge of the flat sheet of the web. In the first version of block laying into a building structure the block is pressed with its longitudinal side with a compensator to the element of the building structure, and in this condition it is installed into the filled space of the building structure. The block compensator due to action of springing forces fills a gap produced between the block and the element of the building structure. In the second version, in case of layer-by-layer installation of block filler webs into a building structure, block filler webs that are adjacent along the height of the building structure are laid with a rotation relative to each other by 180°, and thus the compensator of the below block filler web is covered with a flat sheet of the filler web sheet. In the third version, in case of layer-by-layer installation of block filler webs into a building structure with equal longitudinal and transverse dimensions, block filler webs that are adjacent along the height of the building structure are laid with a rotation relative to each other by 90°, and thus gapless laying of the block is provided at all sides of the building structure.
EFFECT: invention provides for higher heat and sound insulation properties of blocks due to elimination of gaps between elements of building structures and fillers.
4 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: system for regulating ambient environment indoors has a structural element of the inner surface of the facility made from material which contains a substance which emits in the far infrared region, which emits and absorbs beams in the far infrared region and has emissivity in the far infrared region equal to or higher than 0.6, and a cooling and/or heat source, having a cooling and/or heating surface made from material which contains the same substance which emits in the far infrared region as that of the structural element of the inner surface of the facility, in which when the cooling surface of the cooling source, the substance of the cooling surface which emits in the far infrared region absorbs beams in the far infrared region emitted by the substance which emits in the far infrared region, the structural element of the inner surface of the facility and/or when the heating surface of the heat source is heated, beams in the far infrared region emitted by the substance of the heating surface which emits in the far infrared region are absorbed by the substance which emits in the far infrared region of the structural element of the inner surface of the facility.
EFFECT: regulation of the ambient environment indoors with high energy-efficiency, avoiding contact of air with human skin.
28 cl, 3 tbl, 22 dwg
SUBSTANCE: the invention relates to industrial acoustics, specifically to broadband acoustic suppression. The acoustic dissipation elements contain a molded wall and a perforated wall with an acoustic dissipation layer between them. The acoustic dissipation elements contain a carcass, window openings, door openings, openings for lighting placement and acoustic protection in the form of molded walls and perforated walls with an acoustic dissipation layer between them. The floor has elastic foundation and contains a foundation platform made of concrete reinforced with oscillation dampening, which is installed on the foundation plate of the floor deck with cavities in oscillation dampening and water-proof materials with a gap between it and the bearing wall of the operational building. The cavities of the base plate are filled with oscillation dampening materials, such as foamed polymer. The acoustic dampening elements are installed in two layers. The first layer is more tough, it is solid and molded, with a complex profile consisting of inclined planes oriented down and connected with horizontal planes which have resonance holes. The second layer is soft, non-continuous and positioned below the sound-reflecting surfaces of the first layer. The solid profiled layer of the acoustic dampening material is made of material which has acoustic reflectivity coefficient greater than its own acoustic absorption coefficient. The acoustic dampening elements installed above the most noisy equipment contain a carcass hung by hooks, for example, by cable wires, or fixed directly to the tough wall or the ceiling of the operational building. The carcass is wrapped in foil on the outside to prevent dust accumulation. A reactive resonance piece is fixed to the bottom of the carcass, the piece is divided by walls with holes which function as Helmholtz resonator inlets, installed in series. The active part of acoustic dampening elements is a cavity between the carcass and the piece, filled with acoustic absorbing material. It is filled with acoustic absorbing non-combustible material, such as vinypore, fibreglass, with a protective layer of glass fabric.
EFFECT: improved acoustic dampening.
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: here are disclosed sound absorbing devices of shop floor. These devices contain profiled and perforated walls with a layer of sound absorbing material between them. Also, one of the walls is flat. Sound absorbing material is arranged in two layers. One, more rigid, layer is solid and profiled; another, more soft one, is non-continuous and is laid under surfaces of the first layer. The sound absorbing devices of the shop floor have a frame, window and door openings, and openings for arrangement of lights and acoustic barriers with flat and perforated walls with sound absorbing material in two layers. One, more rigid layer, is solid and profiled. Another, more soft layer, is non-continuous in form of non-continuous sound absorbers. It is positioned is a focus of sound reflecting surfaces of the first layer. The continuous profiled layer of sound absorbing material is made out of material with sound reflection factor higher, than sound absorbing factor. The non-continuous sound absorber located in the focus of the solid profiled layer is made in form of solids of revolution, for example, sphere, ellipsoid, cone, or truncated cone and is secured on the perforated wall by means of pins, one end of which is rigidly attached to the perforated wall, while another one is pointed and enters the body of non-continuous sound absorbers.
EFFECT: raised efficiency of noise absorbing due to extended frequency range and secondary absorbing sound waves reflected from sound absorber.
SUBSTANCE: in sound-absorbing elements of a premise, containing profiled and perforated walls, between which there is a layer of sound-absorbing material, besides, one of walls is arranged as smooth, and sound-absorbing material is arranged in two layers, one of which, more rigid one, is arranged as solid and profiled, and the other one, soft one, is arranged as interrupted and is located over surfaces of the first layer. Sound-absorbing elements of premises comprise frame, window, door openings, openings to locate lamps and acoustic barriers, arranged in the form of rigid and perforated walls, between which there is a sound-absorbing material arranged in two layers. One layer, a more rigid one, is arranged as solid and profiled, of complex profile, made of inclined faces, directed downwards and joined with horizontal faces, where resonant holes are provided, and the other one - soft one, is arranged as interrupted and is located under sound-reflecting surfaces of the first layer. Besides, solid profiled layer of sound-absorbing material is made of material, sound reflection coefficient of which is higher than coefficient of sound absorption.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of sound absorption.
SUBSTANCE: method for recovery of sealing and heat insulation of wall panels in finished buildings includes filling cavities in these panels with sealing foam. At the same time in area of cavities through holes are drilled in wall panels with pitch of 30-100 cm, and filling of cavities with sealing foam is carried out by feeding sealing foam through at least one of holes until this foam starts coming out through neighbouring holes. Then each hole is plugged.
EFFECT: increased operational reliability.
SUBSTANCE: spacing holder (7) is intended for fixation of object (2) on base (3) having insulating layer (4) with the help of anchor bolt (8) and spacing bushing (9) screwed onto anchor bolt (8). According to invention, spacing bushing (9) has cutting accessory (14) at its external perimetre, besides spacing bushing (9) has narrowing (15) of external diametre at the end facing against anchor bolt (8).
EFFECT: spacing holder may be applied at high loads and may be simply installed.
9 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: plate for fixation of facing slabs comprises back wall, shelf and pairs of tabs arranged symmetrically relative to axis of plate and made of upper and lower tabs, besides planes of upper and lower tabs are parallel to plane of back wall. Shelf is arranged in the form of bend from back wall, and pairs of tabs are arranged in the form of bends from shelf. Upper or lower tab of each pair of tabs is made of body of according lower or upper tab of the same pair of tabs, for instance by means of stamping. Shelf is arranged at a specified angle versus back wall, besides this angle depends on thickness of facing slab and radius of upper tan bending, and is set so that edge of lower end of facing slab installed on shelf adjoins plane of upper tab not below ending of upper tab bending radius.
EFFECT: simplified design, improved reliability and bearing capacity of plate, manufacturability of its making, reduced material intensity and prime cost of item.
7 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of industrial and civil construction. Method for detection of air temperature dependence inside closed object with fencing structures on time whenever system of specified air temperature maintenance inside object is disconnected, in which air temperature detector is installed inside closed object to register air temperature in process of cooling. Temperature detectors are installed near all external surfaces of object fencing structures, and fan heater is installed inside object, which is used to heat air inside object until it exceeds its temperature by more than 10°C, simultaneously with heating air temperature is registered by all installed detectors, then fan heater is disconnected, and air temperature is registered by all installed detectors until it lowers by more than 5°C, afterwards, using system of heat balance equations, they calculate air temperature inside object depending on time and thermal parametres of object, after performed calculations they select those values of object thermal parametres, at which calculated air temperature inside object is most close to measured air temperature inside object, then based on selected parametres, dependence of air temperature inside closed object on time with disconnected system of specified air temperature maintenance inside object is built, using system of heat balance equations and arbitrarily setting air temperature inside object at the moment of disconnection of system for specified air temperature maintenance inside object and air temperature near all external surfaces of object.
EFFECT: invention provides for accurate detection of time when specific closed object may remain with disconnected system of specified air temperature maintenance inside closed object, not being damaged.
2 tbl, 5 dwg,1 ex
SUBSTANCE: invention concerns building construction, maintenance and repair. Method of sealing and heat insulation recovery for interpanel joints involves joint filling with construction foam and sealant layer application onto external surface of joint seal and panel surface areas adjoining the joint. Through holes are drilled in joint seal along the length of joint at the pitch under 100 cm. Cavities in seal are filled with construction foam is performed by construction foam injection over at least one hole till the foam shows out of neighbouring holes. Each hole is stopped by plug to form external surface of joint seal under sealant layer.
EFFECT: reduced terms of works on heat insulation and sealing recovery of interpanel joints.
SUBSTANCE: wooden precast element comprises at least two longitudinal parts joined to each other by embedded joints, and such parts are arranged in parallel at the specified distance from each other. Embedded links are discretely installed along the length of the precast element in oppositely arranged slots of a rectangular cross section, besides, each slot is cut in the middle part of the longitudinal part and is arranged as continuous along its entire length; fibres of the longitudinal part are aligned along the longitudinal axis of the precast unit, and fibres of embedded links are perpendicular to the direction of vertical fibres of the longitudinal part.
EFFECT: increased stiffness of a wooden element and a cladding structure assembled from specified elements.
19 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method of building construction includes the following: preparation of a foundation and attachment of multiple panels to it. Each panel at least partially forms a building wall. The stage of panel attachment to the foundation includes the preliminary stage of attachment at angle sections of the angular panels connection, having at least two parts installed at the angle to each other and attached to each other at one edge. The method also includes the stage of applying marks onto the foundation, which comply with the walls position. Besides, along the marks to the foundation connection elements are attached, so that they are spaced relative to each other by the specified distance.
EFFECT: higher resistance of building panels during their assembly.
8 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: on an upper rib and a coupled end side of a wooden building element there are jointing accessories in the form of two longitudinal combs, and two longitudinal slots are arranged on a lower rib and a coupled end side. End sides of the building element are arranged in the form of wave-bent matched surfaces with inclined upper and lower sections, where bent surfaces are arranged as reversely symmetrical relative to the longitudinal axis of the element. A building wall is erected on a foundation using a wooden building element, end sides of which are coupled with other building elements in walling by imposition of matching wave-bent surfaces one onto the other, combs and slots of which are joined into locks.
EFFECT: higher strength of a wall structure.
22 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: laminate structure includes outer long lamels, which are connected to each other by means of three short inner lamels of the same thickness and width. Length of extreme inner lamels makes 1/6 of outer lamels width, and the middle inner lamel located in the middle of the structure has the length equal to 2/6 of the length of outer lamels. All inner lamels are displaced relative to outer lamels in vertical plane by value equal to S width, and all elements of structure are connected between each other by means of dowel and laminate joint.
EFFECT: better use of low-quality wood and simplified design.
SUBSTANCE: method for manufacturing of wooden houses consists in the fact that in addition to laying of board layers into massif of panel and crosswise arrangement of boards in neighbouring layers, required external contour of finished element of massive wall is formed at the stage of layers arrangement and fixation with account of roof bevels, as well as required contours of internal openings for windows and doors. Contours for windows and doors are arranged as required relative to external contour of wall element, and then layers are laid into space between external contour of element and contours of windows and doors.
EFFECT: reduced material and labour inputs in manufacturing of houses.
SUBSTANCE: method for assembly of timber houses includes usage wooden blocks manufactured according to proposed method from boards laid and fixed in layers at the angle to adjacent layers and to axis of block. Blocks are fixed to each other and to adjacent parts by means of labyrinth or stepped joints. Finished blocks of the first floor are fixed to lower and middle row of beams and to each other by application of gluing substances and/or mechanical facilities, cuts are made in blocks for windows and doors before or after assembly of wooden blocks by metric coordinate grid, previously applied at sides of block or by point marking of window or door contours on block. In blocks with number of layers of more than four, at least one of its inner layers is made of heat insulation, fabric or textured material. To erect inner walls of house its vertical ends are arranged as smooth. Elements of house communications are arranged between layers of block, and frame template is used to manufacture blocks.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of construction, efficiency, coefficient of assembly operations unification, quality and viability of finished structure.
13 cl, 20 dwg
SUBSTANCE: structure erection starts with angle fixation. Angular spring fastening unit is installed into mount seat drilled coaxially to axis of angular joint of walls, is screwed until threaded part comes out of upper part and enters lower part. Upper and lower parts are tightened to fully compress spring, until gap is eliminated in rim mount seat, while part of one wall is pressed between two parts of other wall. After another parts are installed onto both walls, mount holes are drilled in each of them, shifting axis of the latter from axial line of building walls angular joint along length of each part to place displaced fastening units, which connect another pair of parts of a single wall.
EFFECT: invention eliminates linear deformations of building parts and reduced cracking in parts, less slots and gaps between them for the whole term of building operation.
7 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: composite construction element, especially made in the form of wall, ceiling or roof element for house-building, includes several layers following each other as to height; at that, boards of the layers following each other as to height have various directions, and boards of one layer are attached to boards at least of adjacent layer by means of attachment pins made from light metal or synthetic material. Attachment pins are equipped with annular projections located at some distance from each other in longitudinal direction of attachment pin.
EFFECT: improving the connection between separate layers.
10 cl, 12 dwg
FIELD: construction industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to construction industry, and namely to joints of wooden bar constructions. Construction joint consists of wooden in cross section I-beam bars the ends of which are attached to each other angle-wise and are secured with connecting plates. Bar web is made from at least two veneer sheets arranged with a gap and attached to each other with transverse stiffeners, and their flanges are made in the form of blocks. Edges of flanges and webs of two bars contact each other and are attached to the third in cross section I-beam bar. Third bar web is made from veneer sheets, the number of which is the same as the number of veneer sheets used for construction of first bars minus one sheet. Veneer sheets of first bars are arranged with a gap equal to thickness of third bar sheets. End section of third bar which passes through the gap between veneer sheets of first bars has no appropriate flange sections. Ends of the rest sections of the third bar flanges contact the first bars flange surfaces facing them. Connecting plates made from veneer with thickness equal to that of webs are arranged in the gap between veneer sheets of first bars, in contact with longitudinal edges of third bar webs, and on outer planes of first bars.
EFFECT: improving strength and stiffness of connection.
10 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: construction industry.
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to construction industry, and namely to wooden bar connections. Bars joint in a straight beam comprise bars with alternating-type section which are consequently located and the edges of which are connected, and tightening elements. Web of second-type bars has the same number of veneer sheets as web of first-type bars does, but plus one more sheet. Sheets are arranged in bars structure with the gap equal to thickness of sheets in the bars construction of the bar type connected thereto. If bar construction has at least two veneer sheets, they are attached to each other with transverse stiffeners located in the gap between sheets. End of first-type bars which is directed into the gap between veneer sheets of second-type bars has no appropriate sections of longitudinal blocks, and ends of the rest block sections abut against ends of second-type bars blocks facing them.
EFFECT: improving bending strength of connection.
6 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: building, particularly to construct structures including wooden elements.
SUBSTANCE: method involves drilling holes in timbers, logs and other lumber; piercing timbers, logs and other lumber with transversal ties and tensioning thereof with nuts secured to ties; offsetting timbers, logs and other lumber in groups including two or more timbers, logs and other lumber relative previous ones during building erection so that extensions and depressions are formed in walls; applying glue between timbers, logs and other lumber; installing longitudinal ties in slots and connecting ends of each longitudinal tie not terminating at wall ends with one transversal tie; mounting walls on foundation; connecting all walls, intermediate walls and partitions; packing all joints along with mating extensions of one wall with depressions of another one; pressing all building components together with the use of ties and nuts; passing transversal ties through extensions of walls to be connected; tightening all joints by nuts through resilient members with force application thereto and securing floor, ceiling and roof panels to corbels having orifices for ties receiving. Above panels have vertical holes for ties insertion. Floor and corbel are supported by timbers or logs or other lumber. Walls are connected to foundation, floor, ceiling or roof through resilient members by transversal ties or nuts adapted to move in slots due to wood shrinking or becoming wet.
EFFECT: increased tightness of building joints, strength, reliability, service life, improved ecological safety, quality of building finishing, enhanced appearance, reduced time and cost of building erection.
5 cl, 7 dwg