Aircraft incorporating multisystem connectors
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aircraft engineering, particularly, to aircraft multisystem connectors. Aircraft comprises several multisystem connectors. Every connector comprises plug to be fitted in socket. One of said parts is attached to cabin wall while another one is connected to cabin system. Every said part comprises central pipeline to be connected to fluid and/or gas source, circular section aligned with said central pipeline for connected to electric power and/or signal source. Male and female parts are securely locked by lock ring.
EFFECT: fast, simple, flexible and reliable connection.
7 cl, 24 dwg
The technical field to which the invention relates.
The invention relates to the aircraft using a multiple-system coupling devices.
In the following, for simplicity of the description considers aircraft type aircraft.
The level of technology
In the context of the development of new aircraft require manufacturers of aircraft to provide aircraft with a more flexible salons. Airlines want to be able to reconfigure the layout of the beauty of its aircraft within increasingly short time to as little as possible to obezdwijivanie their aircraft. Their aim is to completely reconfigure the cabin in the cargo area, which is very fast. In this perspective, the idea of the invention consists in adapting quickly established models of distributed systems (air, water, electrical, oxygen,...) and be installed in the cabin units (blocks, cooking, seats, containers,...)in order to provide this flexibility of the cabin.
Be the solution of the technical problem is to provide installation of these systems:
- more flexible
- more simple, and
- a more integrated way.
When considering an exemplary modification of the inside of the cabin, as illustri is : on figa and 1B the configuration of the front of the aircraft 10 in the region of 11 modified between the illustration on figa and illustration of figure 1 by replacing the rows of two seats in rows of three seats, for example, to increase the surface area allocated to economy class, business class. Each of these modifications include the reduction of the distance between two consecutive rows of seats, and, therefore, modification level systems for air supply, electricity, ... passengers.
Therefore, it is necessary to provide interfaces that are available throughout the cabin of the aircraft, to ensure that all possible situations without the need for modification of traces of different distributed systems.
In the above example more close transfer seats need to apply air to the diffusers 21 and electricity for individual highlights 20 and LCD (liquid crystal display) for each passenger, as illustrated in figa and 2B.
As illustrated in figa, 3B and 3C, the air exhaust system (line 30) passes over the hangers to connect with air diffusers 31.
As for the distribution of electricity, there are electrical connections through the floor, for example, LCD screens installed on the seat, through weelk is for individual lighting.
In the case of oxygen to be fed through oxygen masks in the event of seal failure, you can use
any pyrotechnic cartridges 41: in case of depressurization, as illustrated in figure 4, fall oxygen mask 40. Each passenger pulls the mask quick movement to start a chemical reaction inside the corresponding cartridge 41, which provides oxygen. In this case, it is necessary to provide an electrical signal to release each oxygen masks in case of depressurization,
any oxygen cylinders 50, as illustrated in figa, or device type low boxes: with both of these types of oxygen equipment should be distributed via line 51, as illustrated in figv, to masks, and therefore in the cabin must be provided for connection to oxygen in addition to electric signals.
In the case of blocks of cooking (sinks or kitchen equipment for cooking for passengers and containing trolleys for food), you need to submit, in particular, water, electricity, and cooling air.
Installation of these various systems independent from each other with a separation between the air supply and electric cables, for example. When an airline buys a plane, determines the definition of systems on the I power of beauty. Any modification of the layout of the cabin requires a long and expensive process, which makes it necessary to re-development, certification.
One of the technical problems that need to be resolved by the developers of the aircraft is therefore to make available for layout interior interfaces fairly regular manner along the inner walls of the cabin, to connect different systems, while at the same time, the modularity of the cabin, i.e. a number of configurations for the layout of the latter. Therefore, the solution to this technical problem requires enable adaptability of systems and simplified quick connections without risk of error.
Disclosure of inventions
The purpose of the invention, therefore, is to offer a multi-system connective devices, through which you can power various systems in the aircraft cabin is simple, fast, flexible and reliable manner without the need to override either the whole plant or a variety of air, water, and electrical systems (lighting, electrical signals, LCD or oxygen, if you do not use pyrotechnic cartridges).
More specifically, the purpose of the invention is to offer a connecting device that can be used by all systems to be connection in the rows of seats, which does not break the chain of good systems, when they are not connected. These coupling devices are therefore expected to remain sealed, insulated (depending on the systems: air, water, electrical systems), in order to prevent leakage when the coupling device is not used and not connected with any line or cable.
The invention relates to the aircraft, for example to the plane containing the salon, on at least one wall of which is attached the first few areas multiboot connecting devices, and each device contains the whip part, or plug, and covering a part or the socket is able to be inserted one into the other, wherein each of the pin and covering parts contains:
first means for connection with a source of fluid and (or) gas in an aircraft;
second means for connection with a source of electricity and (or) the electrical signals of the aircraft.
Mainly, the first means is constituted by a Central pipe, and the second connecting means comprise a cylindrical part, penetrated the Central bore concentric with the first means.
In the first and second embodiments, the implementation of the socket contains:
- the first section, which forms the base, provided with at least one from what Arctium, allow it to attach to the backbone of the release of gas or water, pierced in the middle passage,
a second site, which forms a hollow cylindrical part which is firmly attached to the first section perpendicular to the latter, so that the hollow section of the cylindrical part is connected with the passage of the first section.
Mainly, this second section contains three concentric area, which are, starting from the middle:
the first cylindrical sleeve, is able to allow liquid or gas,
the first cylindrical electrical connection section forming the end of the first electric cables
the first locking ring.
Mostly, in these embodiments, the implementation of the plug contains three concentric area, which are, starting from the middle:
the second cylindrical sleeve capable of admitting a fluid or gas,
the second cylindrical electrical connection section forming the end of the second electrical cables
the second locking ring, capable of acting together with the first ring to firmly fasten the plug and socket.
Mainly, the locking ring is a locking ring self-latching type or quarter-turn shut-off system.
Mainly, hollow cylindricus is part of the nest contains protivovozrastnoy valve, who can use a ball and spring.
Mainly, protective cover allows you to protect each socket.
In the fourth embodiment, the second connecting means include means for transmitting a high-performance signals, such as electrical connections type quadrax or optical fibers, with a Central aisle.
In the fifth embodiment, each socket and each corresponding plug contains four holes, provides:
- electric connection,
- water connection, and
- oxygen compound, respectively;
moreover, a distinction is made between the first two joints and the last two compounds.
The invention also relates to the aircraft using the connecting device as defined above, with nests of these devices available on the fittings of the cabin.
Multiboot device according to the invention provide:
the gain in time for installation and dismantling of systems in the cabin,
reduce risks of errors or due to forgetfulness during configuration of the cabin, and installation of the systems is simplified (requires only one connector instead of two),
- win in space,
- response to technical problems, advanced rapid and integrated cabin layout and p is receiving the desired flexibility.
The implementation of the invention
Figa and 1B illustrate a possible modification of the configuration of the cabin.
Figa and 2B illustrate blocks of types of air diffusers, lighting, sound signals made available to the passengers of the plane.
Figa, 3B and 3C illustrate an embodiment of a passenger diffusers air inside the cabin.
Figure 4 illustrates the pyrotechnic cartridge with oxygen masks inside the cabin.
Figa and 5B illustrate the tanks for storing oxygen, and also to distribute oxygen to the passenger masks.
6 illustrates a multi-system connection unit, made available along the inner fittings of the cabin, according to the invention.
Figa, 7B and 7C illustrate an alternative location in a multi-system connective devices in the context of an aircraft cabin according to the invention.
Figa and 8B illustrate a first variant implementation of the device before and after the connection, respectively, according to the invention.
Figa-9F illustrate various features of this first variant implementation.
Figa and 10B illustrate a view in section of the socket device in the fourth embodiment according to the invention.
11 illustrates a view in section of the socket device in the fifth embodiment, Khujand is the implementation according to the invention.
A detailed description of the preferred embodiments
The invention relates to the aircraft containing the salon, on at least one wall of which is attached the first few areas multiboot connecting devices, and each device contains the whip part, or plug, and covering a part or the socket is able to be inserted one into the other, and one of these parts, such as a socket, is able to attach to the fittings of the cabin of the aircraft.
Each of these two pins and covering parts contains:
first means for connection with a source of fluid, for example water, and (or) gas, for example air or oxygen, in an aircraft,
second means for connection with a source of electricity and (or) the electrical signals of the aircraft.
With this invention it is possible to set around the cabin nests such a multiboot device, which can be modular, which enables simultaneous connection of electricity, air and (or) water without the risk of errors during installation. The system, supplied with a corresponding plug, you can connect with these different nests.
When the system is not connected, each cell is sealed (for water, air, oxygen) or insulated protective the cover (electricity), to avoid any leaks and any risks of accidents.
With the device according to the invention it is possible to offer along the inner wall of the cabin of the plane of the slot, spaced from each other by a given distance (Δ mm), and each of these jacks provide connection systems that are required for a number of seats, for example. Thus, as illustrated in figure 6, the socket can be installed in position 60 on the baseboard 61 on the side of the cabin, to connect with an air line 62.
These jacks can also be placed in different locations along the aircraft cabin, for example at the level of the floor or ceiling depending on the location of the systems, as illustrated in figa, 7B and 7C. Electric line 70, an air line 71, which is located behind the wall or skirting Board (figa), ceiling (pigv) or under the floor (figs) and the socket 72 is also shown on these drawings.
Below will be described a few embodiments of the device according to the invention.
The first variant of realization of the device according to the invention
In this first embodiment, the connecting device according to the invention provides the compound as a gas, for example air, electricity or electrical signals, which are two systems that do not require limiting the separation.
As illustrious is by Piga and 8B, the connecting device further consists of two parts:
the slot 80, which is attached between the air line 82 and fittings 83 salon (plinth) and which receives the first electric cables 84,
connector 81 connected with the systems of the interior, in particular through the second electrical cables 85, able to be inserted into the slot 80, as illustrated in figa and 8B, before and after connection of the two parts 80 and 81.
As illustrated in figa chamber 90 contains:
- the first section 91, which forms the basis, here is a triangular base, provided with at least one aperture 92 that allow it to attach to the backbone of the release of gas or water, is pierced in its center passage 93,
- the second section 94, which forms a hollow cylindrical part which is firmly attached to the first section perpendicular to the latter, so that the hollow section 95 of this part, containing protivovozrastnoy valve 107 communicates with passage of the first section.
This second section 94 contains three concentric area, which are, starting from the middle:
the first cylindrical sleeve 96, able to let liquid or gas,
the first cylindrical electrical connecting section 97, which forms the end of the first electric cables 99,
the first locking ring 98, for example, the R, self-latching type.
As illustrated in figv, the plug 10 itself also contains three concentric area, which are, starting from the middle:
the second cylindrical sleeve 101, able to let liquid or gas,
the second cylindrical electrical connecting section 102, forming the end of the second electrical cables 103,
the second locking ring 104, is able to act together with the first ring 98 to firmly fasten the plug 100 and the slot 90, as illustrated in figs.
As illustrated in fig.9D, the second cylindrical sleeve 102 can be mainly connected with ringed pipe 105, with which you can get some flexibility during installation systems in the area, and with which it is possible to avoid transmission of forces and displacements between the components that are installed in the cabin, and Jack.
When, as shown in Figi, the connector 100 is connected with the socket 90, is the agreement:
- holes 96 and 101 of the first and second cylindrical sleeves, allowing gas 112 to flow into the United system,
the first and second connecting sections 97 and 102, allowing the second electrical cable 103 connected systems to connect with the first electrical cable that supplies electricity or electrical signals 99.
The slot 90 may be attached to master the eh air conditioning. Electrical cables are connected around the air connection subject to the restrictions on the installation of aviation electricians, for example, related to the radius of curvature.
When no plug 100 is inserted into the slot 90, protivovozrastnoy valve 107, shown in fig.9D (system of a ball 110 + springs 111), will block the gas outlet and to provide sealing. Indeed, when the plug 100 will be connected to the socket 90, the spring protivojazvennogo valve 107 is compressed and the ball 110 is pushed back to allow gas to pass through this valve. Protivovozrastnoy valve may be a valve without any gaskets to avoid any maintenance operations. In this embodiment, protivovozrastnoy valve 107 uses a ball 110 and the spring 111, but can include any other form known to the specialist in order to make the device easier.
As for the electrical connections, each slot 90, you can install a protective cover to prevent condensation in the cavity of the socket. Thus, several nests may be located in the cabin to meet the condition of the flexibility of the layout of the salon without any risk of air leakage.
This first version of the implementation has the following advantages:
- two systems: gas + electricity is (and / or electrical signals) can be connected at the same time;
- for the two compounds is used only shut-off system;
- no risk of error in connection or due to forgetfulness; for multiple systems using a single plug;
for both systems is guaranteed seal (air, electric), whether the connection mode or end key.
The second variant of realization of the device according to the invention
In the first embodiment, a multi-system connective device provides gas or electrical connections that need to be done to your systems. But you can also provide a connection to other systems by providing modularity in connection liquid-electricity. This second variant implementation also allows to make the water connection for use, for example, to blocks of cooking.
In this second embodiment, the corresponding slot 90 and the plug 100 are liquid connection in the middle and the electrical connection at the periphery, which can be modular and can be removed or not depending on the need. Indeed, for reasons of separation between the systems is possible not to leave electrical connections around water connections.
The advantage of this second variant implementation is ensured by the development of one is the same multiboot coupling devices, which may be modular, which enables the connection of multiple systems and that, moreover, corresponds to the existing aviation standards.
A third option exercise device according to the invention
In this third embodiment of the invention a high-speed lock ring in a self-type is replaced with a quick quarter-turn shut-off system called "Quick disconnect".
In the event of such locking systems moving to the locking ring is rotated around the Central axis along the ring unlike constipation self-latching type, where the movement is along the axis. This quarter-turn locking has the advantage of being less bulky locking device.
The fourth option exercise device according to the invention
In this fourth embodiment of the invention uses electrical connections for the transmission of high-performance signals Ethernet networks.
As illustrated in figa and 10B, it is possible to use the electrical connections 120 type quadrax or fiber optic connection 121 with the Central passage, respectively.
The fifth option exercise device according to the invention
In this fifth embodiment of the invention, as illustrated in figure 11, is used in a multi-system connective device is ustwo, various sites which are not concentric.
Each socket and each corresponding plug contains four holes 130, 131, 132 and 133, respectively, which provides:
- electric connection,
- water connection, and
- oxygen compound,
moreover, a distinction is made 134 between the first two joints and the last two compounds.
Such an implementation option has therefore the advantage of ensuring the integration of the principles of separation between different systems.
1. Aircraft containing several multiboot connecting devices, each device comprises a male part or the connector and covering a part or the socket is able to be inserted one into the other, and one of the two parts is attached to the wall of the cabin of the aircraft, and the other part is connected with the system of beauty; each pin and covering parts contains:
Central pipe for connection with a source of liquid and/or gas in a flying machine,
- circular section concentric with the Central pipe, for connection with a source of electricity and/or electric signals of the aircraft, whip (or covering) part contains:
- the first section, which forms the basis for fixing to the wall of the cabin,provided, at least one aperture that allows it to attach to the backbone of the release of gas or water, pierced in the middle passage
a second site, which forms a hollow cylindrical part which is firmly attached to the first section perpendicular to the latter so that the hollow section of this part communicates with passage of the first section; the second section contains three concentric area, which are, starting from the middle, cylindrical sleeve capable of admitting a gas or liquid, a cylindrical electrical connection section forming the end of the first electrical cable, and the first locking ring,
and the corresponding covering (or pin) part contains three concentric area, which are, starting from the middle, cylindrical sleeve capable of admitting a gas or liquid, a cylindrical electrical connection section forming the end of the second electrical cables, and the second locking ring, capable of cooperating with the first locking ring to firmly fasten the above-mentioned pin and covering part.
2. Aircraft of claim 1, wherein the plug contains three concentric area, which are, starting from the middle:
the second cylindrical sleeve capable of admitting a fluid or gas,
the second cylindrical electrical connecting section, forming the second end of the electrical cables
the second locking ring, capable of cooperating with the first means to firmly fasten the plug and socket.
3. Aerial apparatus according to claim 1, in which the second locking ring is a locking ring self-latching type or quarter-turn shut-off system.
4. Aerial apparatus according to claim 1, in which the hollow section of the second segment contains protivovozrastnoy valve.
5. Aerial apparatus according to claim 1, in which the second connecting means include means for transmitting a high-performance signals.
6. Aerial apparatus according to claim 1, in which each socket and each corresponding plug contains four holes, respectively, provides:
- electric connection,
- air connection,
- water connection, and
- oxygen compound, respectively,
moreover, a distinction is made between the first two joints and the last two compounds.
7. Aerial apparatus according to claim 1, in which the slot devices available on the fittings of the cabin.
SUBSTANCE: plug connector comprises an electric connector and a bushing. The electric connector comprises opposite first and second ends. The first end is arranged as capable of rotation relative to the second end and with the possibility to connect to the coupled connector. The second end is made as capable of closing a cable. The bushing has an outer gripping surface and an inner hole for insertion of an electric connector into it, besides, the bushing and the first end of the connector are made as capable of joint rotation.
EFFECT: invention provides for gripping of a connector during assembly and higher reliability of coupling with a response connector.
22 cl, 13 dwg
SUBSTANCE: system plug connector (1) comprises the first (2) and the appropriate second (10) halves of a body. Both halves (2, 10) of the body by means of a fixing accessory (40, 41, 42) are connected to each other with the possibility of fixation in the specified position and blocking. In each half (2, 10) of the body there is at least one contact module (3, 11), comprising socket and/or pin electric contact elements (3a, 11a). On the contact module (3, 11) it is possible to install a transition module (20), having the first plug side (20a) and the second plug side (20b), comprising cylindrical transition elements arranged in a row (21), where socket contacts or pin contacts are installed. A transition module (20) on its first plug side (20a) is arranged as capable of connection with at least one contact module (3, 11), arranged inside one of the body halves (2, 10). Socket contacts or pin contacts of the transition element (20) of the second socket side (20b) are adapted for electric contact with a contact module of the appropriate half (2, 10) of the body.
EFFECT: possibility to use a system connector variously after equipping body halves with contact modules.
9 cl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the sphere of electrical engineering immediately dealing with an electric slot of a "plug-socket" system. In the electric slot comprises a socket arranged in the form of a dielectric part with inbuilt electric contacts and a cover and a socket arranged in the form of a dielectric body with a pair of pins, in the socket cover there is a ferromagnetic plate built-in, and the socket body comprises a core with a winding, performing a function of an electromagnet. The socket body comprises a rectifier of alternating current arriving into a winding. The plug body comprises an interrupter of current arriving into a winding.
EFFECT: invention expands the field of application of an electric slot, increases its reliability.
3 cl, 8 dwg
SUBSTANCE: tip for electrical connection contains sleeve (2) with cavity (9) partially filled with contact lubrication meant for introduction of electric cable (22) end in it and containing section (5) of crimping designed with possibility of its radial deforming. End includes also a plug (15) meant for confinement of contact lubrication (14) in cavity (9). Plug (15) has transverse membrane (16) designed with possibility of its destruction by electric cable (22) when it is being inserted in cavity (9). Plug (15) is at least one section located inside section (5) of crimping. Contact lubrication (14) is located between bottom part (12) of cavity (9) and membrane (16). Connection method includes a stage at which transverse membrane (16) is destroyed by end of electric cable (22) when it is being inserted in cavity (9).
EFFECT: improving airtightness of electrical connection after its crimping.
16 cl, 11 dwg
SUBSTANCE: modular slot for electric connections comprises an external device of fixation for combination and fixation of several slots with the help of covered and covering connecting links. Covering insulating frames (4) contain standard colour marking to ensure identification of conductors at first sight. To recognise a specific chain, there is an upper cover (6), which may be a source of information for a user. The conducting part comprises a set of one or several metal conducting parts (1), which have identical polarity, enclosed into a covering insulating thermoplastic frame (5), having the same colour for this element as the conducting cable.
EFFECT: invention provides for the possibility to combine several slots in side and transverse directions by a jointing method.
7 cl, 14 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a connector's design and a method for connection of a high-voltage cable with electrical equipment, such as switching equipment in a power distribution substation. A self-locking unit is proposed for an end cable coupling, comprising a connector with a step. The self-locking unit comprises a ring, having a circumferential surface and multiple latches arranged on the circumferential surface. Each latch comprises a configuration, providing for displacement between a locked position, in which a latch is engaged with a step, and an unlocked position, in which a latch is disengaged from a step.
EFFECT: sliding ring has a configuration, which provides for displacement along a part of an external surface of a connector relative to a bearing ring, and comprises a groove, and a bearing ring is arranged on a ring connector, and has a configuration providing for limitation of displacement of a sliding ring, at least, in one direction.
20 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: set of inventions relates to railway transport facilities. Connector 5' comprises contact holder 6 to be locked in train automatic coupler connection panel 7. Besides, it comprises contact metal case 20 to be plugged in front end of contact holder 6, metal contact element 21 locked in contact case to pass through insulated line terminal 22 of conductor arranged in contact holder rear end. Front part of connection panel 7 accommodates set of connectors 5' to be connected to appropriate connection panel of railway transport facilities interconnected by automatic coupler. Connectors 5' transmit signals in 100 MHz range via contact elements 21 provided with electromagnetic shielding. Data transmission circuit comprises data transmission interface including connection panel 7 of proposed device.
EFFECT: easy and independent replacement of contacts.
13 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: plug body consists of the inner (1) and the outer (3) parts that are non-detachably interconnected and insulated from each other a a heat-insulation layer (2). Contact pins (6) are rigidly fixed inside the body with glass sealant (5). The heat-insulation layer (2) is attached to the outer surface of the body inner part (1); then the body inner part (1) with the heat-insulation layer (2) is placed inside the body outer part (3). Then the inner (1) and the outer (3) parts that are non-detachably interconnected with the contact pins (6) fixed inside the body. The body outer part (3) is installed inside the usage object (7), heated with a ring-exploded electron jet and non-detachably fixed.
EFFECT: imparting damping properties to the plug body, decrease of the plug overall dimensions, preservation of glass sealants integrity in the process of the plug connection to the usage object.
7 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device is vertically fixed to a compressor or a pump for pumping of a condensate gas and/or liquid or to an inlet/outlet of a transformer. The device comprises an input unit to supply power through it to a compressor or a pump electric motor or to an inlet/outlet of a transformer; a funnel-shaped body with a body chamber, besides, the input unit is installed on the upper end of the chamber; a grid arranged across the longitudinal axis of the chamber, besides, the input unit is arranged above the grid, a filter arranged in a chamber under the grid and above the input hole into the electric motor body or the input/output hole of the transformer body, and also a metering unit passing inside the chamber from the input unit in direction towards the grid, but arranged at a certain distance from the grid.
EFFECT: higher stability of functioning, durability of a compressor or a pump and its electric motor.
34 cl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: extension cord socket is equipped with a fire alarm sensor, connected in series with a sliding normally closed contact arranged as capable of serial connection of the extension cord socket fire alarm sensor with a fire alarm sensor of a code of an electric device, the plug of which is inserted in it, and the extension cord plug comprises a double-lamellate pin, lamellas of which are connected via fire alarm strands of the extension cord cable with serially connected fire alarm sensor and sliding normally closed contact of the extension cord socket.
EFFECT: higher reliability of fire protection and reduced capital costs when developing a fire alarm system due to bringing sensors closer to fire-hazardous sites.
FIELD: aircraft engineering.
SUBSTANCE: aircraft fuselage 1 comprises skin element 2 and structural element 7. Intermediate space 5, 9 is arranged between skin element 2 and structural element 2 to receive air carried by airflow 10. Fuselage allows forming airflow 10 to feed air in composed of air inflow/outflow of fuselage sealed inner space 20. Intermediate space 5, 9 is communicated with connection of air inflow/outflow of fuselage sealed inner space 20. Invention covers aircraft with described fuselage. Method is characterised by use of said fuselage.
EFFECT: decreased weight of fuselage active isolation.
13 cl, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aircraft engineering. Proposed flight vehicle comprises power plant, fuselage and wing fragments. Set of wing fragments comprises bearing and control surfaces and their mounts. Wing fragment includes structural set including spar, stringer and ribs. Fuselage includes set of frames, spars, stringers and skin. Frames and spars have opening to fasten wing fragments. Engine reversing device comprises flap pivoted in housing to close its openings and provided with grids composed of gas flow guide vanes. Air intake with jet engine integrated in fuselage tail features variable-depth grooves arranged opposite each other on supports. Control system comprises control rod with pedals at its bottom and handle at its top. Said handle has landing gear extension/retraction knob and that of electric drive of bottom set of fragments. Methods of flight vehicle control comprise exploiting air and gas flows.
EFFECT: simplified servicing.
47 cl, 30 dwg
SUBSTANCE: electric circuits of distribution for loads of high capacity specific for an aircraft of a "tap lead free" type, and electric circuits of distribution for regular loads, including technical loads, aviation electronic equipment, lighting, fuel pumps and commercial loads, are separated and receive supply from separate generators (SG-B, SG-Y; SG-G1, SG-G2), driven by engines of the aircraft (Eng1, Eng2).
EFFECT: simplification and lightening of energy distribution system design.
29 cl, 6 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to aircraft engineering, particularly, to aircraft air inlet and aircraft equipped therewith. Propose air inlet is equipped with grating 10 fitted level with aircraft airfoil. Note here that said grating has multiple holes confined by midzones arranged at aircraft airfoil extension. Device and grating feature surface for air passage called a pass surface and comprises moving section to increase the device pass surface, particularly, in the case of breakage. Grating 10 has pass surface defined subject to extracted air volume in limited conditions of normal flight with no breakage.
EFFECT: improved aerodynamics.
9 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: set of invention relates to cooling of cargo carried aboard the aircraft. In compliance with one version, cooling system 10 comprises cooling apparatus and cooling station 14 whereto cooling power generated by the former is fed. Cooling station 14 is communicated with aircraft air conditioner air feed line 29. Cooling station air discharge outlet 16 made be communicated with aircraft cargo compartment to feed air cooled to preset temperature into cargo compartment 24. Air discharge outlet in cargo compartment skin 20 may be communicated with aircraft air conditioner used air line 33.
EFFECT: efficient and reliable cooling.
25 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: set of invention relates to water distribution for cooled drinking water supply for airliner passengers. Cooled drinking water distribution system comprises evaporator made up of drinking water tank to receiving water to be evaporated. Said evaporator communicates with drinking water feed line to receive water therefrom and valve to bleed cooled water from evaporator. Besides, proposed system incorporates first absorber with medium to absorb drinking water evaporated in evaporator, second absorber with medium to absorb drinking water evaporated in evaporator, and control system to establish or shut off communication between evaporator and first and/or second absorber.
EFFECT: distribution with reliable and continuous cooling.
12 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: set of inventions relates to aircraft cooling systems with redundancy. In compliance with this invention, aircraft cooling system includes first heat carrier flow 4a to cool, at least, one first heat load 2a and second heat carrier flow 2b to cool, at least, one second heat load 2b. Said system 1 is configured to allow thermal communication between said first and second loads, 2a, 2b. Said loads may be made up of two mutually redundant components of aircraft. Third heat carrier flow 12 allow thermal communication between said first and second loads. Said third flow may be cooled down by heat absorber 16.
EFFECT: expanded serviceability.
11 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment for cooling aircraft electronic hardware. Proposed system comprises, at least, one heat-emitting electronic component. Multistage design of proposed system consists in using several circuits for transfer of dissipating heat. Internal heat carrier circulates in closed circuit thermally connected with electronic component to transfer heat therefrom to heat exchanger. Note here that said heat exchanger releases heat to external heat carrier flowing and/or circulating from source outside of aircraft electronic system via heat exchanger to heat absorber outside of said electronic system. Internal heat carrier flows from heat exchanger toward, at least, one electronic component, and/or circulates in closed circuit.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of cooling.
13 cl, 12 dwg
SUBSTANCE: set of inventions relates to aircraft air conditioning systems. System 1 comprises first line 6 to feed cold air at actual temperature T1act, second line 14 to bleed air portion from first line 6 at branch point 10 into several zones 2, 4 of aircraft, and first zone feed line 24. Raw cold air at T1act is fed into first line 6. Cold air portion is vented into second line 14 at branch point 10. Cold air of first line 6 is fed into extra zones located downstream and/or upstream of said branch point 10. Warm air is fed via control valve 12 into second line so that air therein is heated to actual temperature T2act higher than 0°C. Air portion of second line 14 is fed via first zone line 24 into first zone 2. Warm air is fed via second control valve 26 into first line feed line so that air in first zone feed line 24 is heated to actual temperature Tzf1act. Air is fed via first line into mixing chamber whereto circulated air is fed.
EFFECT: ruled out icing of aircraft air conditioning system.
17 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: machine building.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises, at least, one bent pipe length with inner wall lined by sound absorbing material. Note here that said bent pipe length houses at, least, one air guide device for flow optimisation made up of acoustic separator with its sheet metal jacket covering central absorbing core and provided with micro perforations on inner or outer lateral surface. Note also that nonperforated inner or outer lateral surface of said jacket includes usual perforations with their specific area making, at least, 20%.
EFFECT: higher noise absorption factor.
5 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to adjustment of aircraft galley module height without tools. Device 1 comprises base plate 2, support 5 and two opposed wedge bodies 3, 4. Said bodies are arranged to allow manual adjustment of galley module height between base plate 2 and support 5. Teeth 24 are made on base plate top surface 6 to lock wedge bodies 3, 4 parallel with lengthwise axle 8. Every said wedge body has locking lever 26, 27 to be displaced manually along crosswise axle 8. Sections of every locking lever 26, 27 have teeth 30, 31 at bottom side 28, 29 to engage with base plate teeth 24 by lowering the lever for engagement wedge bodies 3, 4 in appropriate position.
EFFECT: fast and smooth height adjustment.
10 cl, 3 dwg