Method of manufacturing frameless greenhouse from comb polycarbonate

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method is characterised by the use of a solid plate of comb polycarbonate arch-curved as a covering material. The threads are passed inside the parallel plates of the comb polycarbonate plate and through certain barriers between them, i.e. through cells, at a specified interval. The ends of the threads are secured at the base of the greenhouse by tension in the ground.

EFFECT: method enables to build a greenhouse which is simple in design, compact in the assembled state, quick to install and disassemble, with reduced weight.

5 cl, 5 dwg

 

The invention relates to agriculture, namely, devices greenhouse for growing plants [A01G 9/14].

The prior art polycarbonate [1, 2], which is a cell sheets (sometimes referred to as structured or cellular), which is produced by extrusion with the melting of the granules and extrusion of the mass through the device, the shape of which determines the structure and design of the sheet. The presence of ribs in two - and three-layered polycarbonate contributes to the retention of air inside them, which is an excellent heat insulator. Polycarbonate panels are produced in thickness from 4 mm to 35 mm, the Name "cell" was due to their internal structure, in the form of divided cells-"cells"in which the air provides high thermal insulation properties, and ribs - great structural strength of polycarbonate with a relatively small weight. The polycarbonate sheets consist of two or more thin parallel plates and partitions between them. Polycarbonate is a versatile plastic for use in the manufacture of greenhouses.

In the prior art there are known various greenhouse made of polycarbonate [3, 4, 5], with doorways and system of the reference frame. Th is s polycarbonate can be mounted or not mounted on the Foundation. As the base is usually used channel or Foundation blocks FBS, with greater durability and resistance to natural factors. Strip Foundation for greenhouses durable and stable, but its installation is required to spend a lot of time and effort.

A disadvantage of the known solutions is the presence of a skeleton at all greenhouses. Installation frame takes time, and the very presence of the frame increases the cost of the greenhouse, complicates its design.

The purpose of the claimed invention is to eliminate the disadvantage of the known solutions by refraining from the carrier frame.

The technical result of the claimed solution is the way to build a greenhouse, simple in design, compact in its assembled condition, quick to install and dismantle, with reduced weight.

The claimed technical result is achieved due to the fact that the method of manufacturing a frameless greenhouses, characterized by the use of solid polycarbonate sheet, curved arch as the material of the cover, characterized in that inside the parallel plates of polycarbonate sheet and through certain walls between them (i.e. through honeycomb) with a specified interval skip threads, the ends of which are fixed at the base of the greenhouse method of tension in the soil. Side side who have greenhouses capture method tension with each other. As the threads use a metal or plastic wire, or a wire, or rope, or line, or a hollow plastic tube. The ends of all of the threads from each side of the greenhouse is fixed in the beam. The beam is preferably pressed to the ground by the method of tension.

Brief description of drawings

Figure 1 shows the design of the device greenhouses in the simplest version, where 1 - a polycarbonate, 2 - thread passed through the honeycomb polycarbonate.

Figure 2 shows examples of transmission threads through cell (a - variant skip 1 thread over 1 hundred, b - option pass a single thread through a few hundred), where 3 - cell.

Figure 3, Figure 4, figure 5 shows the Assembly process of the greenhouse where the 4 - beam, 5 - beam clamps, 6 - clamps the ends of the threads, preventing slipping of the threads from the honeycomb, 7 - grooves in the polycarbonate to form doors, 8 - doors of the greenhouse, 9 - the ends of the threads, locking the door of the greenhouse.

The greenhouse can be assembled by using a single uncut sheet of polycarbonate (1). Through honeycomb polycarbonate (inside the parallel plates and through certain walls between them) at a specified interval skip the thread.

The sides of the greenhouse is fixed by a method of tension with each other. To do this it is preferable to increase the sustainability of the greenhouse under the influence of winds. NAT is laid on the sides of the greenhouse is made possible via cables or the same thread (2).

The ends of the yarn (2) is fixed on one side to ground (see figure 3) method of tension. As threads can be used with metal or plastic rope, or wire, or rope, or line, or hollow plastic tube. The ends of all threads (2) on each side of the greenhouse can be fixed in the beam (4). The beam can be pinned to the ground by the clamps (5) method of tension. Clamps elastic beam, and their ends go into the soil to a predetermined depth.

After fixing one side of the polycarbonate sheet threads to the ground (see figure 3) sheet bend (bend) in the form of an arch greenhouses and fix the other side (see Figure 4).

If the door will not install, can be cut directly from a sheet of polycarbonate in the greenhouse, making incisions in places (7).

Subsequent bending portions of the sheet in places cut (7) will form door openings (8)which can be fixed by threads (9) to the ground and to provide for doors closed state (see Figure 5).

The presence of beams (4) are not necessarily. If necessary, the ends of the filaments (2) can be pressed to the ground, each independently, for example a peg.

However, it is preferable to use a beam (4), which can be time to produce the clamping ends of the filaments (2) and then pressed to the ground the beam itself. If the beam has a considerable weight, then she is his weight weight the contribution from the t-clamp to the ground.

As the beams can be used, for example, wooden beams or metal pipe.

The simple design of the greenhouse is achieved by eliminating the need for the use of the framework and therefore use only the polycarbonate sheet and the tension of the threads.

Compactness and reduced weight of the greenhouse in Packed (uncollected) the state provided essentially by the size of the polycarbonate sheet and threads, the latter of which almost no space and are lightweight.

Quick installation is implemented through a total of four operations: insert into polycarbonate sheet threads, is clamped to ground one side of the greenhouse, slope and curvature of the polycarbonate sheet and clamped to the ground the second side of the greenhouse. Disassembly of the greenhouse is carried out in reverse order with even greater speed.

It is technically possible to exclude the operation of the insertion yarns in honeycomb polycarbonate for the user, if at the stage of industrial production to carry out this operation and to offer the user a list with already inserted threads.

Sources of information

1. http://www.krug06.ru/index.php?page=37

2. http://www.polymer-nknh.ru/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=54&ltemid=52

3. http://www.vseteplici.ru/teplicy_fazenda.html

4. http://teplitsa.foodset.ru/

5. http://www.sellex.ru/production/CPC_greenhouses/

1. A method of manufacturing a frameless greenhouses,characterized by the use of solid polycarbonate sheet, curved arch as the material of the cover, characterized in that inside the parallel plates of polycarbonate sheet and through certain walls between them (i.e. through honeycomb) with a specified interval skip threads, the ends of which are fixed at the base of the greenhouse method of tension in the soil.

2. A method of manufacturing a frameless greenhouse according to claim 1, characterized in that the sides of the greenhouse is fixed by a method of tension with each other.

3. A method of manufacturing a frameless greenhouse according to claim 1, characterized in that the threads use a metal or plastic wire, or a wire, or rope, or line, or a hollow plastic tube.

4. A method of manufacturing a frameless greenhouses according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the ends of all of the threads from each side of the greenhouse is fixed in the beam.

5. A method of manufacturing a frameless greenhouse according to claim 4, characterized in that the beam pressed to the ground by the method of tension.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: agriculture.

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Bioenergy complex // 2446672

FIELD: agriculture.

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7 cl, 2 dwg

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12 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

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FIELD: agriculture.

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2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

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EFFECT: invention provides for simple design, more rational usage of protected volume and universality of frame usage - both for film and for polycarbonate.

4 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

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EFFECT: invention makes it possible to produce a hothouse of various widths and makes it possible to install a second layer of a light-transparent cover.

2 cl, 10 dwg

Shelter // 2400611

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: frame consists of two sections that form end walls. Protective cover cloth is fixed to frame, having loops thrown onto hooks fixed along perimetre of frame sections. Cloth is equipped with flexible strips passing along its whole length parallel to each other. In strips there are loops provided, through which flexible ropes are pulled. To assemble the structure, frame sections are installed and fixed on prepared section. Then one of side edges of protective cover cloth is hinged onto hooks in one section of frame. Cloth is unfolded and smoothed out between sections of frame, and the second side edge of web is hinged to hooks of the second section. Ropes are pulled and fixed on sections of frame using tensioning elements.

EFFECT: reduced weight and material intensity of shelter, simplified design, storage and transportation.

9 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. The proposed greenhouse is made of flat sheets having through-holes that are located on the perimetre next to the edge in several places, and of fastening elements for connecting together the parts of the greenhouse. These fastening elements have openings on both sides and through-holes along them at a certain distance, with the possibility of mounting in them of plates of PET material with openings arranged in the same place. Some of the fastening elements are designed as cross-shaped bars; some have bars bent at a proper angle to form the roof and connection the greenhouse wall and the roof; some are made without one or two sides to form the endings of the doors walls and door jambs. At that on some bars for manufacture of door and door jamb on one of the sides the loops for the door are fastened, or holes are made for fastening them.

EFFECT: invention provides ease of use, increases the longevity.

10 dwg

Mulching technique // 2442316

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to agriculture and in particular to the crop science. The technical result of the invention is the possibility to expand the distance between the cells. The mulching technique consists in marking of the material when the cells are enlarged in width, cutting of the material along the curved lines or the curved and straight lines. After the strips have been cut in the points where the cells are marked, the former are bent and the fold lines are linked. At the same time the smaller length of the cell is formed. The pits for the plants are formed after the operations of turning or sweeping, or shifting, or overturning of the cut strips and their joining have been performed. The strips are joined in such a way that the cells placed in a line or checkerboard in relation to each other.

EFFECT: expansion of the distance between the cells.

1 dwg, 3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises a frame from single-type arc elements, support stands with stop elements, a stop, a rectangular base at least with four pockets, a light-transmitting coating. Single-type arc elements of the frame are rigidly connected to each other. The frame is equipped with limiters of its displacement, which are rigidly installed at the end of at least end arc elements of the frame with the possibility of movement in a pocket in planes, where axial lines of arc elements lie, and also with the possibility of entrance to it (exit from it). Support stands are rigidly installed on the base, in the place passing through the axial line of the central arc element. One end of the stop is hingedly fixed on the central arc element, capable of movement in the plane passing through the axial line of the central arc element. The length of the stop is selected so that every second end may contact in turn with each stop element.

EFFECT: higher convenience.

12 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: device for cucumber cultivation on round beds includes stand set up at a bed centre, tilted braces with top end attached to the stand, side braces, transparent film cover hung on tension wires, and fixation elements at the ground in the form of expanding dowels. Bottom ends of tilted braces are attached to top carcass ring positioned in horizontal plane symmetrically to the stand. One end of each side brace is attached to top carcass ring, while the other end is attached to bottom carcass ring. Bottom carcass ring is fixated to bed surface by expanding dowels symmetrically to the stand. Film cover is made in the form of hose with bottom edge fixated to the bottom carcass ring by easily removable clamps, and top edge crimped around the stand and bound by string. Bottom and top trellis rings are positioned in horizontal plane below and above tilted braces symmetrically to the stand and fixated by holders.

EFFECT: convenience of plant care operations without bed width extension, simplified process of worn film cover replacement process.

7 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used in the capacity of aerostatic spatial two-layer envelopes for covering of specified volume against impact of external environment, accumulation of solar energy in it, heat loss decrease into atmosphere and creation of favourable conditions for plant growing in regions with climate unfavourable for agriculture, temporary location of peoples, animals, warehousing of high-product materials and products. Covering air-bearing envelope for plants protection consists of two film layers - inner, implemented as smooth-membranous, and external, implemented ensured by preliminary formation as wave-membranous, herewith both layers allows durability, gas-tightness and transparency, with united air-supported cavity between layers, herewith cavity between external and internal layers of envelope is separated by crosspieces for interconnecting sections in the form of connecting seams, implemented as dotted or interrupted, and located in cavities of wave-membranous layer.

EFFECT: reliability and durability growth of air-bearing envelope, receiving of improved hothouse effect.

8 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: according to the offered method mulching of the soil is performed using the material, which is cut into strips with formation of cells for planting. Creation of the mulching surface of the bed is performed by laying, intercropping and binding of strips among them. Thereat the mulching material for an exception of formation of waste is cut in curved or curved and straight lines in such a manner that cells for planting form after performance of operations of turn or U-turn, or shift, or overturning of the cut strips and their combination, with placing of cells in a line or in chessboard order against each other.

EFFECT: allows carrying out any agrotechnical operations without lifting of all mulching material.

9 dwg

FIELD: agriculture, pest control.

SUBSTANCE: the suggested covering for pest control is made of polymeric material and includes, at least, two layers: the upper layer and the lower one, moreover, the lower layer contains a herbicide and one or more pesticides chosen out of the group pf fungicides and insecticides, as for the upper layer, it contains insecticide and/or fungicides not obligatory. The method deals with applying the above-mentioned covering upon the ground and making incisions in the sites for further planting the seedlings. Polymeric composition contains a herbicide to obtain polymeric covering. The innovation enables to provide high-efficient protection and safety of plants.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of plant protection.

28 cl, 3 dwg, 5 ex, 4 tbl

Covering for plants // 2268580

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, covering used for farm crops on home ground or farm, as well as in agricultural collective farms.

SUBSTANCE: covering for plants consists of uniform parts, that is, flat flexible arched members, which are mounted on base in pairs one above another in intersecting relationship, at an angle to each other. Flat flexible arched members are connected with one another through flexible members at points of intersection of arched members and between adjacent pairs.

EFFECT: simplified construction, reduced number of different-type completing parts, improved unification, and reduced costs for manufacture of covering construction.

3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture and forestry.

SUBSTANCE: sowing ridge is mulched (covered) with air permeable black woven polymeric ribbon equipped with row (or rows) of discretely arranged rectangular recesses with sides ratio of 4:1, and oriented with longer side along ribbon, said recesses being adapted for passage of parts of plant sprouts adjoining ground surface. Covering is secured to soil surface. Pipes of moisture impermeable material are disposed on covering at both sides thereof along recesses, said pipes being equipped at their lower parts adjoining sides of recesses with capillary holes. Height of pipes from film surface is determined from formula H=a(1-tg2α/2)+btgα/2, where a is height of plant part to be protected; b is width of recess; α is maximal angle of falling of solar rays onto surface. Such covering enables creation of favorable conditions for germination of sown seeds and for plant growing in arid climate owing to increased time for moisture retention in root layer of soil, reduced air temperature at plant part adjoining ground, and prevents cultured crop plants from suppression by weeds.

EFFECT: increased efficiency due to improved germinating and growing conditions for plants.

2 dwg

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, growing of plants with the use of mulch cover.

SUBSTANCE: method involves mulching sowing bed with air- and moisture permeable woven polymeric cover having discretely arranged slots above plants, with aboveground parts of plants extending through said slots; mulching sowing lines with portion of mulch cover, whose upper surface is white and lower surface is black, with transverse width of said portion of mulch cover exceeding width of sowing line at both sides by value equal to half the diameter of root system of plant during growing period of sowing year.

EFFECT: provision for creating favorable conditions for germination of seeds and growing of plants under arid climate conditions, and improved protection of plants from weedage and pests.

FIELD: agriculture and plant cultivation.

SUBSTANCE: claimed material contains luminophors with luminescence in spectral range of 400-500 nm, 500-600 nm, 600-750 nm, and 1200-2000 nm. Luminescence intensity ratio in ranges blue:jade:red is (2-3):(2-4):(4-5), and in IR:PAR (photosynthetic active radiation) is 1:(1.15-2). Material has thickness of 120 mum and is obtained by extrusion of granulated polyethylene and mixture of said luminophors. Material of present invention is useful for plant cultivation in frame area.

EFFECT: accelerated plant growth and maturation, improved yielding capability, decreased morbidity and late blight lesion, improved taste, odor, vendibility, and increased storage time after cropping.

3 cl, 1 tbl

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