Electromagnet motor

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention is referred to electric engineering and power engineering, in particular, to electromagnetic motors. The electromagnetic motor comprises a rotor arranged in the form of a shaft installed as capable of rotation of at least two discs installed on the shaft, with permanent magnets arranged along their periphery, a stator comprising electromagnets installed as capable of interaction with permanent magnets, besides, the permanent magnets are arranged in the form of cylinders, planes of ends of which are located in the radial plane of each disc, besides, permanent magnets of the first and second discs face each other with poles, and the stator comprises electromagnets in the form of solenoids without magnetic conductors installed between discs of the rotor, two start-up electromagnets, comprising non-linked magnetic conductors and installed oppositely to a permanent magnet, of any of rotor discs, a contactless induction switch installed on the stator opposite to any of permanent magnets of rotor discs with the possibility of interaction with each of permanent magnets arranged on one of rotary discs of the rotor, at the moment of permanent magnet passing through a zone of sensitivity of a sensor part of the contactless induction switch.

EFFECT: increased capacity of a motor.

8 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of energy, in particular to electromagnetic engines.

Known magnetodynamics engine with contactless switching, containing the constant current source, a stator with evenly spaced on its circumference solenoids, a rotor with permanent magnets, a distribution manifold, an optical sensor mounted on the stator, reflective stripes on the rotor interacting with the optical sensor, and the solenoid is connected to the constant current source in parallel, the permanent magnets are connected between the same poles, and the distribution manifold made in the form of electronic keys that are included in the circuit of the solenoids and controlled by the microprocessor signals from the optical sensor (1) (a utility model RU # 89301, CL H02K 29/03, publ. 2009).

The disadvantages of the known device is that to start the engine requires a powerful current source connected between the same poles of the permanent magnets of the rotor during operation of the engine under load lose their magnetic properties, which can lead to the stop of the engine, the Assembly of such a great engine power will cause difficulties due to the fact that it is necessary to connect the same poles of a strong magnet that will be a start.

The most the closest to the technical essence and the achieved effect to the proposed electromagnetic motor is an electromagnetic motor, containing the rotor, made in the form of a shaft mounted for rotation of the two disks mounted on the shaft located on the periphery of the disk permanent magnets and the balancers, the stator containing electromagnets mounted on the outer side of the disk with the opportunity to interact with the permanent magnets connected by a magnetic microswitch and the flywheel permanent magnets made in the form of rectangles, and are located on the disc surface so that their poles of the same name directed along the outer surface of the disk and opposite to the center of the disk, and the permanent magnets are located on the disc surface so that the longitudinal their axes are at an angle to the radii of the discs (US patent No. 5594289, CL H02K 16/00, publ. 1997).

A disadvantage of the known electromagnetic motor is the low power of the engine due to the fact that the magnets of the rotor is placed at an angle to the axes of the coils of the electromagnets of the stator, which is formed when this region of interaction between the permanent magnets of the rotor and the electromagnets of the stator is characterized by the fact that it is the density of the lines of force of the permanent magnets is less than their pole ends, therefore, will be less than the repulsive force arising from the interaction of the permanent magnets of the rotor and who is wedenig electromagnets of the stator; in addition, for any of the cooperating permanent magnets of the rotor vector repulsive force is not directed along the tangent to the circumference of the disk and along the chord, which reduces torque of the engine.

The present invention is to increase the capacity of the engine.

The essence of the invention lies in the fact that in the known electromagnetic motor contains a rotor that is made in the form of a shaft mounted for rotation, and at least two disks mounted on the shaft, located at their periphery by the permanent magnets and the stator containing the electromagnets installed with the opportunity to interact with permanent magnets according to the invention the permanent magnets are made in the form of cylinders, planes, the ends of which are located in a radial plane of each of the disks, while the permanent magnets of the first and second disks facing each other unlike poles, and the stator contains electromagnets the form of coils without cores, installed between the rotor disks, two starting electromagnet having an unbound magnetic and installed opposite the permanent magnet, any of the disks of the rotor, the switch contactless induction mounted on the stator opposite of any of the permanent magnet disc rotor in which aimogasta with each of the permanent magnets, located on one of the rotating discs of the rotor, the passage of the permanent magnet proximity touch of the switch contactless induction.

1 shows the inventive electromagnetic engine in cross-section a-A.

Figure 2 presents the rotor disc in the cross-section B-B.

Figure 3 presents the stator in the context of In-C.

4 shows the actuator electromagnets in the context of G-D,

Figure 5 presents the control circuit of the inventive electromagnetic engine.

Figure 6 presents the schema fragment of the motor with the designation of the poles on the magnets and solenoids.

Figure 7 presents the scheme of the repulsive forces on the first disc of the rotor.

On Fig presents the scheme of the repulsive forces on the second disk of the rotor.

The inventive electromagnetic motor includes a rotor consisting of a shaft 1 mounted rotatably on the supporting bearings 2, 3, are placed in vertical base plates 4, 5, respectively, a base plate, tighten the studs 6, the first disk 7 with a fixed permanent magnets 8, the second disk 9 with a fixed permanent magnet 10, and the permanent magnets 8 and 10 is cylindrical and located at the periphery of the disks 7 and 9 of the rotor, respectively, on a circle of constant radius is almost equal to the radius of the disks 7 and rotor, the plane ends of the permanent magnets 8 and 10, which are the poles are located in a radial plane of each of the disks 7 and 9, the permanent magnets 8 of the first disk 7 is turned in the area between the disks 7 and 9 poles of one polarity, and the permanent magnets 10 of the second disk 9 is turned in the above field poles of opposite polarity, the disks 7 and 9 of the rotor made of a nonmagnetic material, such as fiberglass, and with the sleeves 11, 12 are rigidly connected with the shaft 1. Between the disks 7 and 9 of the rotor placed the stator 13, containing the solenoids 14 without cores, installed opposite the permanent magnets 8 and 10, respectively disks 7 and 9 of the rotor, and each of the solenoids 14 with one end facing the poles of the permanent magnets 8 of the first drive rotor 7, and the other opposite to the poles of the permanent magnets 10 of the second disk 9 of the rotor, thereby to generate rotational motion will involve both poles of each of the solenoid 14, which will provide a significant increase in engine power, in addition, the interaction between the permanent magnets 8 and 10 discs 7 and 9 of the rotor and the solenoid 14 of the stator 13 will be practically in the area of the maximum density of magnetic field lines of each of the cooperating permanent magnets 8 and 10, and to create a torque used max the maximum possible value of the radius of the periphery of the disks 7 and 9 of the rotor, which shoulder for vector repulsive forces, which are directed almost tangent to the circumference of the periphery of the disks 7 and 9.

In front of one of the permanent magnets 10 of the second rotor disk 9 is installed and fixed two starting electromagnet 15, 16, the magnetic circuits which are not connected. The magnetic circuit is made of a material providing their interaction with the permanent magnets. Between the ends of the permanent magnets 10 of the second rotor disk 9 and the ends of the electromagnets 15, 16 includes a gap which does not impede the rotation of the rotor. Starting the electromagnets 15 and 16 facing to the permanent magnets 10 of the second rotor disk 9 by the like poles, thereby providing the appearance of repulsive forces between them, when the power supply to any of the electromagnets 15 or 16. At the periphery of the second disk 9 of the rotor in close proximity to the circumference of the disk that hosts the permanent magnets 10, permanently installed switch contactless induction 17, is activated as a result of interaction with each of the permanent magnets 10, placed on a rotating together with the drive shaft 9 of the rotor, the passage of the permanent magnet 10 in the zone of sensitivity of the touch of the switch 17. Idle the engine with any of the constant is of Agnico 10 of the second rotor disk 9, freely rotating together with the shaft 1, has the possibility to be installed between the starter solenoids 15, 16 due to the interaction of the permanent magnet 10 of the second disk 9 of the rotor magnetic circuits starting electromagnets 15, 16.

The inventive electromagnetic engine works as follows.

When turning on the toggle switch 18, the voltage is supplied from an independent source of electric power 19 (battery) to the motor control circuit consisting of a control circuit 20 starting electromagnets 15, 16, switch contactless induction 17 and the control circuit 21 of the solenoid 14 of the stator 13, consisting of five channels, in accordance with the number of solenoids 14. Selecting the direction of rotation of the engine and clicking the appropriate button 22 or 23, serves the voltage of the electric power to the electromagnet 15 or 16. As a result of interaction, for example, starting electromagnet 16 with a permanent magnet 10 of the second rotor disk 9 will receive the initial rotation in the selected direction. During the time of rotation of the rotor permanent magnets 8, 10 respectively disks 7, 9 of the rotor, making a rotational movement around the axis of the shaft 1, are installed in front of the solenoids 14 of the stator 13 so that the magnetic neutral permanent magnets 10 and the axis of the solenoids 14 are displaced relative to each the Ruga. At this point one of the permanent magnets 10 of the second disk 9 of the rotor to rotate around the axis of the shaft 1, falls within the sensing range of the switch 17, the interaction of the magnetic field of the permanent magnet 10 of the second rotor disk 9 with the sensor element of the switch 17 causes the output of the last signal is formed, which provides the enable control circuit 21 of the solenoid 14 of the stator 13, the switching power supply at the same time with all the solenoids 14 of the stator 13, which leads to the simultaneous occurrence of a magnetic field on each of the solenoids 14 of the stator 13. The emerged magnetic field of the solenoid 14 will interact with the magnetic fields of permanent magnets 8 and 10. Due to the interaction of magnetic fields of permanent magnets 8 and 10 respectively disks 7 and 9 of the rotor with the magnetic fields of the solenoids 14 of the stator 13 and the rotor becomes the main rotational movement. The solenoids 14 of the stator 13 are to receive electrical power until such time as the permanent magnet 10 of the second disk 9, which interact with the switch 17 rotates together with the disk 9 will not be released from the zone of sensitivity of the switch 17. Then the signal level at the output of the switch 17 becomes zero, the control circuit 21 of the solenoid 14 of the stator 13 is turned off, the solenoid 14 is de-energized, resulting in their disappearance is magnitnykh fields and end the interaction with the permanent magnets 8 and 10 discs 7 and 9 of the rotor. Since then, the rotor rotates by inertia. With him are rotated around the shaft axis permanent magnets 8 and 10. Since the permanent magnets 8 and 10 are distributed on the periphery of the disks 7 and 9 evenly and follow one after the other, as the rotor turns, following another permanent magnet 10 of the second rotor disk 9 will be included in the sensitivity of the switch 17. At the same time, relative to the solenoids 14, following another permanent magnets 8 and 10 discs 7 and 9 of the rotor, after turning around the axis of the motor shaft, are mounted in front of the solenoids 14 of the stator 13 so that the magnetic neutral permanent magnets 8 and 10 and the axis of the solenoids 14 are displaced relative to each other, at the output of the switch 17 is again a signal that provides the enable control circuit 21 of the solenoid 14 of the stator 13. The interaction of the magnetic fields of the solenoids 14 with the magnetic fields of permanent magnets 8 and 10 discs 7 and 9 of the rotor, respectively, again leads to repulsive forces between the poles of the solenoid 14 of the stator 13 and the poles of the permanent magnets 8 and 10 discs 7 and 9 of the rotor, respectively, which provides rotational movement of the latter.

The rotor of the motor becomes stable rotation, and the process of converting the potential energy of permanent magnets 8 and 10 into mechanical energy the Yu becomes continuous.

For translation engine from the operating mode to stop mode, you must turn off the switch 18, this cuts the power supply to the control circuit 20 starting electromagnets 15, 16, switch 17 and the control circuit 21 of the solenoid 14 of the stator 13, the interaction between the permanent magnets 8 and 10 discs 7 and 9 of the rotor, respectively, and the solenoid 14 of the stator 13 is stopped, the rotor no longer work force and the motor stops. After the complete stop of the engine of one of the permanent magnets 10 of the second disk 9 of the rotor due to the interaction with the magnetic pad electromagnets 15, 16, is placed between the starting electromagnets 15 and 16, ensuring the readiness of the engine for the next run.

Sources of information

1. Utility model RU # 89301, CL H02K 29/03, publ. 2009

2. The US patent No. 5594289, CL H02K 16/00, publ. 1997 - the prototype.

Electromagnetic engine that contains the rotor, made in the form of a shaft mounted for rotation and at least two disks mounted on the shaft, located at their periphery by the permanent magnets and the stator containing the electromagnets installed with the possibility of interaction with the permanent magnets, wherein the permanent magnets are made in the form of cylinders, planes, the ends of which are located in idealnoi plane of each of the disks, while permanent magnets of the first and second disks facing each other unlike poles, and the stator contains the electromagnets in the form of coils without cores, installed between the rotor disks, two starting electromagnet having no associated magnetic circuits, and installed opposite the permanent magnet, any of the disks of the rotor, the switch contactless induction mounted on the stator opposite of any of the permanent magnet disc rotor interoperable with each of the permanent magnets disposed on one of the rotating discs of the rotor, the passage of the permanent magnet proximity touch of the switch contactless induction.



 

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