Underwater garage for vehicles and method to construct underwater garage
SUBSTANCE: underwater garage comprises a tight body, descents for entry and exit of transport from the garage, floors arranged within the body. The body is arranged in the form of a module representing a tight solid reinforced concrete box. At the end sections of the body there are ramps arranged, which are made curvilinear and rise above water. Entry and exit are carried out along a piled bridge that connects the quay and the curvilinear ramps. The method to construct the underwater garage includes construction of a coastal pit separated from the river with a soil dam. The pit is arranged by providing vertical walls reinforced with the help of a metal rabbet. Then assembly is carried out in the module pit, and it is hydraulically insulated. The pit is filled with water, the dam is dismantled, and the module is transported to the place of installation. The module is installed into a previously prepared underwater pit by means of partial filling of the module with water, the module is surcharged in order to prevent floating and, and works are performed to reinforce the bottom with subsequent water pumping. Descents are arranged in the form of the piled bridge that connects the quay and the ramps of the underwater garage.
EFFECT: improved conditions for operation due to considerable reduction of space for entering a garage using curvilinear ramps.
2 cl, 5 dwg
The invention relates to garage construction and can be used in the construction of garages under rivers, reservoirs and other water obstacles.
Known invention "FLOATING STRUCTURE FOR HIRE" (Patent RU №2174929 published: 20.10.2001), in which the floating structure has a loading platform for cars and carrying the circuit elements which rely cargo platform can be moved along the path. Carrying loop can be executed in the form of two spaced one below the other longitudinal rails and two lifts that are installed at the ends of the longitudinal rails. In addition, the carrier path can be made in the form located in the horizontal plane two fixed longitudinal rails and two movable longitudinal guide installed with the possibility of lateral movement of the ends of the stationary longitudinal guide. Alternative bearing path can be made closed in the form of a chain conveyor. The longitudinal axis of the car may be perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the floating structure or may be placed along the axis of the floating structure. The technical result - the reduction of time setting and display of cars from the Parking lot on a floating structure.
The disadvantages of this present invention is as follows:
- the complexity of the design (you need to create a complex system of mechanisms, which will be the car to put on free space);
- it is necessary to carry out constant supervision and repair mechanisms (due to the complexity of the design);
- the proposed building is significantly above water and can disrupt the architectural character and architectural integrity of the city.
Known invention "FLOATING MULTISTORY Parking GARAGE" (Patent GB 1431670 published 1976-04-14), in which the floating multistory Parking garage for vehicles, including waterproof hollow steel case, many floors supported one above the other steel pillars, floors, arranged within and above the corps, many rays connected between floors in order to allow the movement of vehicles and means of exit for entry and exit of vehicles from the garage, floating on the water and moored to the shore line.
The disadvantages of this invention are:
- the proposed building is significantly above water and can disrupt the architectural character and architectural integrity of the city;
- high cost of construction due to the high metal structures;
the structure is a vessel and requires annual inspections, the service is s repair work to restore the integrity of the steel shell plating, ie requires constant maintenance costs.
This solution is the closest to the claimed and is the prototype.
The objective of the invention is to reduce the cost of construction by reducing the metal structures; considerable reduction in the space required for entry of vehicles into the garage, the use of the design of the garage curved ramp, which is important in narrow urban development; the creation of structures that do not affect the architectural character and architectural integrity of the city.
This task is solved by the creation of underwater garage for vehicles containing a sealed enclosure that contains the conventions for entry and exit of vehicles from the garage, arranged within the casing, wherein the casing is made in the form of a module which are sealed monolithic reinforced concrete box at the end portions of which are ramps and ramp made curved and rise above the water, and the arrival and exit perform pile on the flyover, connecting the waterfront and a curved ramp underwater garage.
Also, this problem is solved by the creation of a method of the construction of a submarine garage, including onshore excavation to build underwater dry garage, in which the cat is IAOD fenced off from the river a dirt jumper, when this pit perform on the waterfront, through the device of vertical walls, reinforced with metal sheet piling, then assemble arranged in the pit monolithic module, and perform the waterproofing module, then fill the pit with water, followed by disassembly of the bridge, separating the pit from the water, produce a transport module to the installation site, then install the module in a pre-prepared underwater excavation through the partial filling of the module with water, produce prigruzku module to prevent the ascent and dinocephalia with subsequent pumping water, then do the congresses in the form of pile trestles, combining the embankment and ramp underwater garage.
The invention is illustrated by drawings.
1 shows a General view of a monolithic module.
Figure 2 shows a General view of excavation for installation of monolithic reinforced concrete module.
Figure 3 shows the process of transporting a monolithic module to the installation site.
Figure 4 shows typical floor plan.
Figure 5 shows a view of the garage after construction (over water rise ramp and see the congresses on the roadway).
Underwater garage for vehicles (figure 1) contains a monolithic reinforced concrete is module 1, the construction of which is not at the place of its installation, and in designated pit (like Doc), not located within densely populated urban development, and in a convenient place. Further transportation of the module 1 to the place of installation is carried by water, using positive buoyancy of the structure (figure 3). The module is a sealed monolithic reinforced concrete box (1), at the end portions of which are arranged ramps (2), through which will be the entry and exit of vehicles from the garage. The size of the module may vary and be limited to conditions of shipping (dimensions waterways).
Construction technology of underwater garage is illustrated in figure 2-5 and described below.
Work on installation of the module (1) future garage is not in the river behind protective bars (ground, Groovy etc), and on the shore in a specially prepared a temporary pit, located outside the city (figure 2). The vertical wall of the pit (3) reinforced by metallic sheet. The size of the pit may be 300×30 m Temporary pit is fenced off from the river dirt jumper (4)thus, the installation of concrete module are dry. The bottom of the pit (5) is the and 4 m below the water level.
After mounting and sealing module (1) pit flooded, and the assembled module POPs up under the action of the buoyancy of the water, and then disassembled dirt jumper (4) and the module (1) use of tugs is displayed in the river. The trench is subsequently used for the installation of the following modules.
Transportation of sealed monolithic body of the future underground garage is available tugs on the water (figure 3), using positive buoyancy concrete module. The size of the future Parking lot will depend on the delivery schedule and location of the stacker platform. At the location of the building outside the city on the shore of one of the reservoirs of the watershed downstream of the Canal. Moscow (Kim) and the need for transportation garage module through the existing channel. Moscow (Kim) gateways (size 290×30 m) size of module (1) can be about 200×20×4 meters. Optionally, you can provide a connection system in a single structure of two or more modules before laying on the bottom. On average, a single module can accommodate about 100 cars (figure 4).
Stacking module (1) on the bottom of the project is in a pre-designed underwater trench by filling the module with water or regulate the buoyancy of the pontoons. In addition, when concreting module (1) in his body mo is to include a cavity, which can then be filled with water or soil, which can also be used to regulate buoyancy module.
After installation of the module (1) on the bottom is the backfill soil and the strengthening of the seabed at the construction site.
Check-in Parking is implemented on the pile overpass linking the waterfront and the entry of a curved ramp. Ramps are on the stocks simultaneously with the mounting of the module and after the installation of the module on the bottom of the tower over the water.
Link future Parking to the shore, if necessary, can also be achieved by laying the 2 tunnels (entry and exit) using tunneling complex outer diameter of 4.5 m In this case, for the organization of the ramps, it is advisable to use the starter pits.
Positioning an underwater garage as you can along the coast and across the river. When the location of Parking across the channel exit can be carried out by any of the banks, i.e. Parking, if necessary, can also perform the function of a bridge connecting the two shores.
View of the garage after the construction shown in figure 5, over the water tower ramp and see the trips on the roadway.
The sequence of the construction of the underwater garage below:
1. The pit excavation to build monolithic reinforced concrete what about the module on the shore of the reservoir (figure 1). The excavation is performed by the device piling using land piling installation. The excavation is made by the excavator;
2. The Assembly is arranged in the pit of monolithic reinforced concrete module. Work on assembling the module does not differ from the standard of the work performed during the installation of monolithic reinforced concrete structures in ASG;
3. Waterproofing module using modern membrane and other waterproofing materials;
4. Fill the pit with water, followed by disassembly of the excavator jumpers, separating the pit from the reservoir;
5. The transport module to the installation site. Transportation is carried out with the help of river tugs;
6. Installing the module in a pre-prepared underwater excavation through the partial filling of the module water;
7. Prigruzka module to prevent the ascent and the device dinocephalia with subsequent dewatering (drainage) from the module;
8. The device of congresses. The congresses are in the form of pile trestles, combining the embankment and ramp underwater garage. Pile Foundation piers arranged with the use of floating equipment;
9. Commissioning work.
The main difference of the proposed method is the possibility of building multi-ton module 100 or more cars for che is the city building, a few tens of kilometers from the place of installation, with subsequent transportation to the place of laying on water due to its own buoyancy. This scheme allows you to:
to reduce the cost of construction in 2 and more times;
to minimize the impact of construction on traffic in the city and city life in General;
- elimination of the need for restraint of the riverbed at the time of construction and, therefore, the restriction passes water flow in the river, elimination of obstacles to navigation.
1. Underwater garage for vehicles containing a sealed enclosure that contains the conventions for entry and exit of vehicles from the garage, floors, arranged within the casing, wherein the casing is made in the form of a module which are sealed monolithic reinforced concrete box at the end portions of which are ramps and ramp made curved and rise above the water, and the arrival and exit perform pile on the flyover, connecting the waterfront and a curved ramp underwater garage.
2. The method of construction of the underwater garage, including onshore excavation to build underwater garage, characterized in that the pit is separated from the river a dirt jumper, and the pit perform on the waterfront, through the device vertically and laterally, the material of the walls, reinforced by metallic sheet, then assemble arranged in the pit monolithic module, and perform the waterproofing module with the application of waterproofing materials, then fill the pit with water, followed by disassembly of the excavator jumpers, separating the pit from the water, produce a transport module to the installation site, then install the module in a pre-prepared underwater excavation through the partial filling of the module with water, produce prigruzku module to prevent the ascent and dinocephalia with subsequent pumping water, then do the congresses in the form of pile trestles, combining the embankment and ramp underwater garage.
SUBSTANCE: multistoried garage comprises storied sections of boxes provided with floor, floors of trafficway and ramps arranged from plates. Boxes are arranged in the form of hollow regular hexahedral prism installed onto side rib, at the same time two side facets produce parallel vertical walls of box, and neighboring stories of boxes are displaced along horizontal line by half of box width, besides boxes are installed in two rows by dead ends to each other, and rows are displaced vertically by half of box height.
EFFECT: improved efficiency of garage area usage, compaction of box cells, increased number of car spaces per unit of garage volume, reduced material intensity and cost of structure, improved strength, provision of design and application variance.
3 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention may be used for even use of parking space in the populated area territory and for storage of cars outside populated area boundaries. Proposed mobile parking comprises wheeled flat trailer truck to accommodate cars. Invention covers also the method of cars storage.
EFFECT: even use of parking space in the populated area territory and for storage of cars outside populated area boundaries.
2 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to design of transport parking lots. Mechanised plant of multi-level parking lot for low-tonnage passenger transport is arranged in the form of two multi-level etageres, where platforms are located to hold the cars, arranged with the possibility of lifting-move-in displacement from according level of etagere to loading position and back along guides available for each level, with the help of the following components located in compartment between etageres - electric drive, control system and coupling mechanism for transfer of motion from electric drive to specific lifting platform, at the same time platforms on according level are arranged as mutually replaceable for both etageres and are equipped with braking mechanism that prevents displacement of lifting platforms located inside etageres on their parking places.
EFFECT: reduction of areas occupied with cars, keeping transport safe for the time of parking, simplified fire extinguishing operations.
FIELD: building, particularly garages, parks and parkings.
SUBSTANCE: parking structure comprises enclosed parking stalls defined by partitions and having floors, fixed members and exit sides. Each partition may be moved in transversal direction and has one or two gates connected to movable partition edge.
EFFECT: increased distance between adjacent cars and parking stall area in parking structures with enclosed or unenclosed parking stalls.
3 cl, 1 dwg
SUBSTANCE: superthin device for parking and access with fully floating mechanical handlers includes longitudinally moving carriage provided with symmetrical fully floating mechanical handlers on its each side. The longitudinally moving carriage consists of lower frame, driving motor for running gear, driving wheel which supports lower frame, driving shaft for driving wheel and driving gear wheel for driving wheel. The mentioned lower frame on each its side is provided with the mentioned driving motors, and the mentioned driving motors rotate the mentioned driving wheels via the mentioned driving shaft and the mentioned gear wheel. Fully floating mechanical handler consists of mechanical lever, transmission gear of mechanical lever, sliding panel for pushing mechanical handlers, straightline guide rail on inner side of longitudinal girder of the mentioned lower frame and guide groove for pivoted lever on outer side of longitudinal girder of the mentioned lower frame. Four symmetrically located mechanical levers and two sliding panels are provided on each side of line passing through midpoints of longitudinal girders of the mentioned lower frame. Each of the mentioned sliding panels is connected on each its side with mechanical lever via pin shaft. Two sliding panels on one side are in sliding engagement with the mentioned lower frame via straightline guide rail. These two sliding panels have transmission gear between them for mechanical lever. The mentioned transmission gear for mechanical lever which contacts in sliding manner with the mentioned lower frame via the mentioned straightline guide rail imparts propulsion to two sliding panels on one side via left-hand ball-bearing screw and right-hand ball-bearing screw respectively. Each mechanical lever is equipped with at least three freely rotating rollers. The mentioned rollers lift wheels above ground when mechanical levers grip and clamp vehicle wheels. Each mechanical lever is equipped with intermediate wheels in knee part on its inner end. The mentioned intermediate wheels move along curves of guide grooves for pivoted levers, and the mentioned sliding panels actuate the mentioned mechanical levers.
EFFECT: lower device manufacturing cost, reducing parking time, higher quality of technical service.
6 cl, 12 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method for vehicle parking includes entrance, exit and allocation of vehicles on parking site in rows in which longitudinal axes of parked vehicles are mutually parallel. Vehicles allocation on parking site is made in pairs with reduced distance d1 between lateral sides of vehicles in vehicle pair, and distance between adjacent pairs of vehicles d2 is provided through marking of parking site allowing opening driver doors where d2=Bdoor.±δ, where: Bdoor - width of vehicle door, δ≥2 cm, and d1 is provided when parking in pairs according to condition: d1=2×bs.m.±δ, where bs.m.. - width of side mirror.
EFFECT: higher density of vehicle allocation in parking rows.
6 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: proposed elevator is intended for storage of cars, vegetables, etc. Well 1 houses vertically displacing multilevel block 2 made up of horizontal cargo platforms arranged one above the other and rigidly interconnected. Said multilevel block is equipped with service level 3 rigidly secured there atop. Well tapered bottom section may be afloat depending upon the level of surrounding water to allow vertical displacement of said service level 2 and multilevel block 2 in and out of well, as well as displacement block 6 with shape elongated in vertical direction. Well tapered section is communicated with pressure and drain tanks 11, 12 via tubes 14 furnished with gate valves 15. To force water from drain tank 12 into pressure tank 11 hydraulic pump 22 with pressure tube 23 is used.
EFFECT: improved operating performances.
2 cl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: mechanised modular garage is arranged in the form of separate mutually joined modules for storage of vehicles, every of which comprises a base, two side panels, a roof, a trolley with a frame, a trolley drive and a cargo platform installed on the frame, besides, the base is equipped with rails, and the trolley is made as capable of displacement along rails, at the same time each side panel with its one side is rigidly connected with one of the base sides, and with the other one, the opposite side, with the roof. Modules are rigidly connected between each other with free and appropriate sides of bases, side panels and roofs, forming serial connection of these modules, in which the last module is attached to the first module, besides, each module is equipped with front and rear vertical stands, vertically installed at the base angles, and every of which is coupled with the side panel, and with butts of their ends is rigidly mutually connected with the base and the roof. Rails are rigidly installed on the base in two rows, as capable of transferring power, and are parallel to each other, they are also coupled with rails of adjacent modules, forming a closed rail track, besides, a drive of each trolley is installed on the trolley itself, and each cargo platform is equipped with guide beams and a mechanism of fixation, installed on this cargo platform designed to store a vehicle arranged on it across the direction of movement of module trolleys, at the same time the side panel in one of modules of the mechanised modular garage is arranged with a special opening to ensure entrance or exit of vehicles from the mechanised modular garage, and rails of this module are equipped with a stop mechanism.
EFFECT: higher reliability and simplified design of a mechanised modular garage, reduced cost and timing of garage construction.
7 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: device comprises an open pit fenced along the perimetre and multi-storeyed separate boxes with cubicles for cars arranged in the pit as formed by vertical beams and transverse slabs as cubicle foundations, with assembly compartments under foundations of lower cubicles, with roofs above upper cubicles; access roads and lifting devices. Cubicles are joined to each other by means of vertical movable links of "groove-guide" type with the possibility of single or joint displacement along a vertical line.
EFFECT: reduced cost of garage device erection, higher operational reliability of a device.
SUBSTANCE: the invention relates to devices for car parking. The device for two-level or multi-level car parking comprises two parallel closed conveyor circuits, connected with carrying surfaces and rolls which contact with the guides of the support structure, an electric drive. The device is special because each conveyor is made of rigid segments, where the amount of segments equals to the amount of carrying surfaces, the segments are jointing the surfaces through the axes positioned in the longitudinal symmetry plane, whereas the supporting wheels are positioned on the said axes on the exterior of these conveyors. Furthermore, there is an additional conveyor positioned on one of the sides and shifted horizontally through the cranked axles which have their length equal to the half of the surface width. The carrying surfaces are installed into the horizontal guides curved at both ends, the height of the curves is at least equal to the radius of the supporting wheels. The force transmission from the drive is carried out simultaneously to upper and lower parts of the three conveyors through teeth installed with a calculated gap between them.
EFFECT: reduced metal consumption of the parking, increased reliability, facilitated production.
3 cl, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: proposed device comprises bearing structure made up of two parallel towers with paired cells in superimposed rows and bases of said towers provided with two structural guide beams with thrusts and pectinate support elements arranged on sides and above them. It includes also elevator with two platforms and counterweights mounted between said two towers. Elevator structure comprises two portals and post arranged there between. Top sections of said portals are jointed together by cross beam. Hydraulic cylinders and two interacting pulley blocks are arranged inside said portals. Moving block of the first pulley is arranged on hydraulic cylinder rod while fixed block of the second pulley is mounted on elevator structure cross beam. Note here that ends of second pulley block rope fast line are secured at appropriate platform. Note also that platforms are equipped with two support guide beams and carriage that shifts toward aforesaid cells. Said carriage supports the platform with pectinate support elements that move vertically relative to the carriage. Platform stops may be aligned with thrusts of cell guide beams and carriage thrusts. Cell carcass is furnished with pedestals with tubular posts and bushes secured on one their end. Bush inner surface adjoins outer surfaces of the posts to interact with end faces of appropriate posts or aforesaid pedestals and cross beams secured on said pedestals and elevator structure. Note that cross beam of portals and structure posts are secured on pedestals of top floor of said towers.
EFFECT: increased number of floors, costs and time saving.