Method of extracting gold from mineral stock bearing minor gold fractions

FIELD: metallurgy.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mineral stock processing and may be used for extracting gold fractions of grain size smaller than 0.07 mm. Proposed method comprises preparing water suspension with addition of flocculating agent. Damped ground paper bulk is added to said suspension, paper bulk features reduced moisture resistance and mineral component-to-bulk ratio making 1: 0.05. Then, mix is mixed in mixer for 10 s. After mixing, paper bulk is separated on sieve with mesh size not exceeding 0.2 mm. Now, paper bulk is rinsed to produce concentrate to be dried and fused.

EFFECT: higher efficiency, lower costs.

1 ex


The invention relates to the beneficiation of mineral raw materials and can be used to retrieve small fractions of gold particle size less than 0,07 mm

The method for extracting gold, based on the change of the surface-active properties of the gold particles of hydrocarbon compounds. The hydrophobic surface of the gold particles covered with an oil film. Such olefinic particles glomerida into larger clusters, which are extracted by flotation or classification. The agglomerated product is subjected to firing, and the resulting burning ash melting [1].

The disadvantage of this method is a multi-stage extraction process, the need for processing agglomerates firing.

The method for extracting lyophilic mineral particles of gold, platinum, diamonds by mixing the ore slurry with oil and charcoal particles. Then the obtained product is subjected to pyrolysis or burn out from it coal and oil. Proposed process the pulp after adsorption reagent, solvent oil for the destruction of the formed agglomerates, and then separate the dispersed mixture of carbon particles and other components according to the specific weight [2].

The disadvantage of this method is a multi-stage extraction process, the necessity of the destruction of agglomerates by roasting or use of organic is their solvents.

The closest to the technical nature of the proposed solution is a method of separation of finely dispersed metals from mineral products, which consists in the fact that the extraction of gold lead through preparation of an aqueous suspension of gold-bearing material, treatment with iodine in an amount up to 300 g/t, at pH 8-11 obtaining phase containing the enlarged metal and separating it from suspensions [3].

The disadvantages of the method include the relatively high consumption of expensive reagent is iodine.

The technical result is to increase the efficiency of extraction of gold and reducing the cost of chemical treatment.

The technical result is achieved in that in the method of gold recovery from mineral raw materials, including the preparation of an aqueous suspension with the addition of flocculant solution, add the crushed wet pulp with low resistance in the ratio of mineral content to the paper pulp as 1:0,05, followed by stirring the mixture in the mixing device within 10 seconds, the Department of paper pulp on a sieve mesh size of not more than 0.2 mm, washing paper pulp, drying the obtained concentrate with subsequent melting.

The combination of significant new features allows you to solve a new technical problem - improving the efficiency of izvlecheny the gold and reducing the cost of chemical treatment.

The implementation of the method is as follows.

Example 1

Ten grams of the sample magnetic concentrate containing gold 365 g/t, with the size of the gold particles less than 0.07 mm, were placed in a container and filled with 150 ml of water and 2 ml of 0.1%solution of flocculant. Added crushed wet paper pulp with low resistance in the ratio of mineral content to the paper pulp as 1:0,05. Were stirring the mixture in the mixing device within 10 seconds, the Department of paper pulp on a sieve mesh size of not more than 0.2 mm, washing paper pulp, drying the obtained concentrate and subsequent melting. Gold recovery averaged 75-83%.

Example 2

Ten grams of the sample is non-magnetic concentrate Tourstage deposits containing gold 400 g/t, with the size of the gold particles less than 0.07 mm, treated with compliance operations as in the first experiment. Gold recovery averaged from 73 to 82%.

The method allows to increase the extraction and environmental security of the process of extracting fine particles of gold from the concentrate.

Sources of information

1. A new process for the extraction of gold Mining Magazin. 1990. 163. No. 1. C.62-63.

2. Patent No. 600606, Australia. Removing the lyophilic mineral particles of gold, platinum, diamonds 16.08.90.

3. Patent RU 2130499. Selection is fine is yellow, 20.05.99.

Method of gold recovery from mineral raw materials, including the preparation of an aqueous suspension with the addition of flocculant solution, characterized in that the suspension is added to the crushed wet pulp with low resistance in the ratio of mineral content to the paper pulp as 1:0,05, followed by stirring the mixture in the mixing device within 10 seconds, hold office paper pulp on a sieve mesh size of not more than 0.2 mm, washing paper pulp with getting concentrate and drying the obtained concentrate with subsequent melting.


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