Panel for additional heat insulation of walls

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: panel for additional heat insulation of walls comprises sheets forming face and rear planes of a panel, with an air layer between them and structurally grouped packets, with eight pieces each, rigidly joined to each other by rear and face surfaces and the ninth in the centre, which may move horizontally relative to a wall under action of a vibrator with a drive and a controller of displacement speed, and is also equipped with a temperature controller with a sensor of temperatures and arranged in the form of setting and comparing units, electronic and magnet amplifiers, a unit of non-linear feedback. Besides, the movement speed controller is arranged in the form of a unit of powder electromagnet couplings, at the same time on the rear plane of panel sheets structurally grouped with eight pieces each, there are curvilinear grooves with the opposite direction of motion of the tangent on each adjacent pair of panel sheets, at the same time on the first sheet of the panel pair the tangent of the curvilinear groove has a clockwise direction, and on the second sheet of this panel pair the tangent of the curvilinear groove moves counterclockwise.

EFFECT: maintenance of heat-insulation properties of a panel during long-term operation by elimination of moisture condensation process from atmospheric air available between rear and face surfaces of a panel, by means of turbulisation of a mode of its movement due to vibration horizontal displacement under effect of vibration of a face surface relative to a rear one, and also air flow swirling in an air layer due to swirls in curvilinear grooves on a rear side of panel surface.

4 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of construction of additional insulation of walls in the construction and repair of buildings, designed to reduce the inflow of heat from the room into the thickness of the wall when installing insulation panels indoors or to protect the walls from the effects of adverse atmospheric processes when installing panels on the outside of the building.

Known wall panel (see A.S. USSR №1270259, ÁL IS 2/26, publ. 15.11.1986 g)consisting of outer and inner casings, two edges of which are connected with the frame and formed these covers and the frame internal cavity filled with a heat insulator, separated by layers paroizolyatsionnogo material.

The disadvantage is the need to alter the integrity in the places of attachment to the insulated walls, as passing through the plate fastening elements form a cold bridges.

Known panel for additional insulation of the walls (see RF patent №2235834, IPC EV 1/80, publ. 10.09.2004,) containing the sheets forming the front and back plane of the panel, with an air gap between them, thus constructive elements of the panel are made from materials that do not support combustion and having low thermal conductivity selected from the group of polyurethane cellular plastic for the back of the plane, rigid polyurethane foam zamknutosti structure for razgranichitelyami, the polystyrene, wood-fiber plates, sheets dry plaster for facial plane, each of razgranichitelyami ensuring the retention of a minimum constant thickness of the air gap, and the possibility of repeated removal and installation of the whole panel or just the front of the plane, made in the form of United in a single structural part, at least four cells, with the Central part where the ribs cells, the channel input fasteners designed to attach front panel to the fence, and the ribs of each of razgranichitelyami drowned in a mass of plastic material, which form the sheet forming the back of the plane the panel, prior to its solidification, resulting in getting a solid connection each fence from the back plane of the panel configured to be attached to a wall using fasteners.

The disadvantage is the amount of energy eliminate the formation of drip and film condensation inside the panel and on the surface of the wall in places of fastening of a back surface of the panel at different air density in the air gap due to unstable climatic conditions of the building with the changing outdoor temperature.

Technical C is the summer residence of the invention is to reduce energy losses while maintaining insulating properties panel of the operation under changing climatic conditions by providing automated control, elimination and control of process of formation of droplet and film condensation due to turbulence in the flow in the air gap due to turbulence in curvilinear grooves between the rear and front surfaces of the panel by means of a vibrating horizontal movement of one of the sheets under the action of the vibrator drive and speed control movement.

The technical result is achieved by the fact that the panel for additional insulation of walls containing the sheets forming the front and back panel plane with an air gap between them, and constructive elements of the panel are made from materials that do not support combustion, with low thermal conductivity and selected from the group of polyurethane cellular plastic for the back of the plane, rigid polyurethane foam with zamknutosti structure for razgranichitelyami, Styrofoam, wood-fiber plates, sheets dry plaster - for facial plane, with each of razgranichitelyami ensuring the retention of a minimum constant thickness of the air gap, and the possibility of repeated removal and installation of the entire panel or only the front of the plane, made in the form of United in a single structural part, at least four cells, with the Central part where the ribs gesture the spine of cells, channel input fasteners designed to attach front panel to the fence, and the ribs of each of razgranichitelyami drowned in a mass of plastic material, which form the sheet forming the back plane of the panel, prior to its solidification, resulting in a strong connection of each of the fence from the back plane of the panel configured to be attached to a wall using fasteners by joining his front surface of the vibrator with the drive and control speed, temperature controller connected to the sensor temperature of the air located inside the panel, and the temperature controller includes blocks comparison and jobs, electronic, and magnetic sensors, the block nonlinear feedback and speed control move is made in the form of block electromagnetic powder clutch, and the fastener is made in the form of a rod with double screw connection, in addition, one end of the rod is rigidly connected to the mounting channel in the Central part of the fence, and the other end connected with the front plane of each sheet panel with the possibility of free horizontal movement by means of flexible connections, and a rigid connection, and on the back of the plane Lys is s panel, structurally grouped into eight pieces, made of a curved groove with the opposite direction of the tangent at each nearby pair of sheets of the panel at the first leaf pair of the tangent of a curved groove has a direction clockwise, and the second sheet of this pair of panels tangent of a curved groove has a direction counterclockwise.

Figure 1 shows a schematic diagram of a pack of eight sheets of the panel for additional insulation of the building wall with the ninth leaf in the centre, with the actuator and the control of speed and temperature controller with temperature sensor, connected to the vibrator, figure 2 - a view a-a figure 1, figure 3 - mounting the center panel sheet with a vibrator, figs.4 - back of the sheet panel, structurally grouped into eight pieces with curved grooves opposite direction tangent.

Design for additional insulation includes a wall 1, panel 2 for additional insulation, consisting of the front 3 and rear 4 planes, between which the air gap 5, and constructive elements of the panel are made from materials that do not support combustion, with low thermal conductivity and selected from the group of polyurethane cellular plastic is for the back of the plane, rigid polyurethane foam with zamknutosti structure for razgranichitelyami, Styrofoam, wood-fiber plates, sheets dry plaster to the front plane. The back plane 4 is fastened to the wall 1 by known methods, for example by pressing against the wall slats, through which you can enter into the thickness of the wall of the fastening elements of shorter length than would be required if attaching to the wall of the assembled panel. Between the back 4 and front 3 planes placed razgraniciti 6, designed to maintain the minimum air gap constant and represents the ribs 7, drowned in a mass of plastic material, which form the sheet, with the mounting channel 8. The sheets 9 are structurally interconnected in complexes, of which eight sheets rigidly connected with razgranichitelyami 6, and the sheet 10 in the center has the possibility of lateral movement relative to the wall 1.

Fastener made in the form of a rod 11 with double screw connection, one end 12 is rigidly connected to the mounting channel 8 in the Central part of the fence 6 and the other end 13 is connected to the front plane 3 of each sheet 10 of the panel 2 with the possibility of free horizontal movement by means of flexible connections, for example, springs 14 and 15, and a rigid connection with lisavoimalustest 3 sheet 9, while inside the panel 2 on the front plane 3 sheet 10 free horizontal movement is the vibrator 16.

On the back of the plane 4 sheets 9 panel 2, are structurally grouped into eight pieces, made of curved grooves 17 with the opposite direction tangent to each nearby pair 18 sheets 9 panel 2. At the first sheet 19 9 pairs 18 panel 2 the tangent of a curved groove 17 has a direction along the 20-clockwise, and the second sheet 21 9 this pair 18 panel 2 the tangent of a curved groove 17 has a direction of progress against 22-clockwise (see, for example, str, Mayewski. Handbook of higher mathematics. M., 1965. 872 C., Il.), the vibrator 16 is connected to the actuator 23 through the speed controller move 24 connected with the temperature controller 25, with air gap 5 through the temperature sensor 26 is connected to the temperature controller 25. The temperature controller 25 includes a unit job 27 and the block comparison 28, its output connected to an electronic amplifier 29, which is connected with the block nonlinear feedback 30. The output e of amplifier 29 is connected to the input of magnetic amplifier 31, and its output 32 it affects the speed controller move 24, made in the form of block electromagnetic powder clutches.

Heat transfer ol the operation panel for additional insulation of walls is as follows.

In the presence of fine and vaporous moisture in the atmospheric air when placing panels for additional insulation to the outer side wall 1 of the building, this vlagoperenosa mixture under the action of a free Convention comes into the air space 5, where it condenses wet component in the form of a film of condensate flows down the outer surface of the wall 1.

As a result, not only dramatically reduces the insulating properties of the air gap 5 (see, for example, SCR-183, Vonsovskii. Building physics. M, stroiizdat, 1980. 400 C., Il.), but worse reliability operating parameters of the wall 1 due to its moisture due to ponding of still air in the air strips 5, which is observed in laminar motion of ventilated air through a free Convention.

To eliminate this phenomenon is proposed layout sheet 9 panel 2, for example, nine pieces, and located in the center of the sheet 10 has a possibility of lateral movement on the fastener in the form of a rod 11 under the action of the vibrator 16 (see, for example, p.10-27. Vibration machines and technology. / Sfeco [and others]. Ed. "Elm", 2006. 408 C.). In this case, the air gap 5 is observed pulsating movement of atmospheric air between the back 4 and front 3 p is ascoltami sheet 10.

The normalized velocity of the vibrator 16 is defined in terms of minimizing energy consumption of the actuator 23 in dependence on the temperature (according to the density) of the air in the air gap 5, determines the number of transported air, providing the necessary thermal insulation of walls.

By reducing the air temperature in the air gap 5, and consequently, to increase its density, which leads to an increase of mass number a floating sheet 10 air temperature sensor 26 detects a lower temperature relative to a given climatic conditions of the building (SNiP 2.04.05-91) and the signal to the temperature controller 25 becomes greater than the signal unit assignments 27, and the output unit 28 comparison of a signal of negative polarity, which is fed to the input e of the amplifier 29 simultaneously with the signal nonlinear feedback unit 30.

The output e of the amplifier 29 is fed to the input of the magnetic amplifier 31 which amplifies the power is rectified and fed through the outlet 32 to control the moving speed of 24 in the form of a block electromagnetic powder clutch. The negative polarity signal of the electronic amplifier 29 causes a decrease of the excitation current at the output 32 of the magnetic amplifier 31, the reduced moment of tprivate 23 on the vibrator 16, reducing the mass amount of air, floating in the air gap 5 of the panel 2.

Thereby is achieved a reduction in energy consumption by the actuator 23 of the vibrator 16 when the software under the terms of the normalized thermal insulation of walls required flow rate of a pulsating moving in the air gap 5 of the atmospheric air.

The result is the formation of waves, transverse moving in the air cavities 5 sheets 9, and disturbing the flow of air moving over the curved grooves 17 of the panel 2. Curved grooves 17 are made on the back of the plane of the sheet 9 so that the air boundary layer flow of atmospheric air is moved, for example, on a single sheet of 9 pairs 18 in the course of 20-clockwise, and the second sheet 21 9 this pair 18 atmospheric air moves against the course 22-clockwise.

Then on the border of the sheet 9 sheet 10 is formed swirl the opposite direction. This leads to the implosions, intensifying the heat of atmospheric air in the air gap (see, for example, Merkulov, A.P. Vortex effect and its application in industry. M., engineering, 1979. 386 S.).

In addition, moving under the action of a free Convention on the neighboring air Proleukin 5 sheets 9, which is arranged near the sheet 10, leads to turbulence in the boundary layer of air, contact youseo back 4 the panel surface 2 of the wall 1, that is, eliminates stagnant air zone, and this accelerates the formation of a condensate film on the surface of the wall 1.

As a result of this heat exchange is provided a substantial saving of energy required for space heating of the building, covered by a panel composed of sheets with rigid and flexible links back and front surfaces, and to maintain reliable operation of the construction of buildings by removing them wet when changing climatic impact.

The originality of the invention is to provide economic feasibility of wide application designed panels, grouped packages of sheets, each of which includes eight sheets rigidly connected between the back and front planes of the air layer and the ninth sheet in the center of the package with the connection between the rear and front surfaces of the sheet fastener in the form of a rod with a flexible connection, for example, springs, providing the possibility of lateral movement relatively to the walls of the building under the influence of the vibrator located in the air gap and fixed to the front panel of the ninth sheet.

Thus the performance of the automated temperature control naturally who is the ear and the speed of the vibrator under changing climatic conditions maintaining normalized parameters insulation walls reduced power consumption to drive the vibrator, which ultimately is an energy-saving solution for the construction and repair of buildings. Besides performing on the rear surfaces of each of the eight sheets pack of curvilinear grooves with opposite direction tangent not only intensifies the heat transfer in ventilated air gap, that is, improves the heat, but also provides an increase in strength of operational parameters of the walls by preventing wetting of the structural members of the building.

Panel for additional insulation of walls containing the sheets forming the front and back panel plane with an air gap between them, and constructive elements of the panel are made from materials that do not support combustion, with low thermal conductivity and selected from the group of polyurethane cellular plastic for the back of the plane, rigid polyurethane foam with zamknutosti structure for razgranichitelyami, Styrofoam, wood-fiber plates, sheets dry plaster - for facial plane, with each of razgranichitelyami ensuring the retention of a minimum constant thickness of the air gap, and the possibility of repeated removal and installation of all the panel or only the front plane, made as United in a single structural part, at least four cells, with the Central part where the ribs cells, the channel input fasteners designed to attach front panel to the fence, and the ribs of each of razgranichitelyami drowned in a mass of plastic material, which form the sheet forming the back plane of the panel, prior to its solidification, resulting in a strong connection of each of the fence from the back plane of the panel configured to be attached to a wall using fasteners, characterized in that the sheets of the panel structurally grouped packages of eight pieces with rigid connection between the back and front planes and ninth in the centre, which has the possibility of lateral movement relative to the wall by attaching to it the front surface of the vibrator with the drive and control speed, temperature controller connected to the sensor temperature of the air located inside the panel, and the temperature controller includes blocks of comparisons and assignments, electronic, and magnetic sensors, the block nonlinear feedback and speed control move is made in the form of block electromagnetic powder clutch, when the eat fastener is made in the form of a rod with double screw connection, in addition, one end of the rod is rigidly connected to the mounting channel in the Central part of the fence, and the other end connected with the front plane of each sheet panel with the possibility of free horizontal movement by means of flexible connections, and a rigid connection, and on the back of the plane of the sheet panel, structurally grouped into eight pieces, made of a curved groove with the opposite direction of the tangent at each nearby pair of sheets of the panel at the first leaf pair of the tangent of a curved groove has a direction clockwise, and the second sheet of this pair of panels tangent of a curved groove has a direction of progress against time the arrows.



 

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