Decorative lattice

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: decorative lattice comprises two layers of identical rings or sheet metal with identical diameters of holes. The specified layers are laid onto each other with any arbitrary placement of centres of rings or holes and any arbitrary angular displacement.

EFFECT: increased bending strength.

6 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of construction and landscaping in public and private farms, as well as simple and sufficiently rigid aesthetically perfect lattices for various purposes.

Known enclosing decorative grilles made wrought iron with rectangular cell, see the book "the Technique of art enamel, stamping and forging", ed. Avilov and other M.: Higher school, 1986, p.166, RES.

Also known enclosing decorative grilles made by forging as a work of art, see the book "the Technique of art enamel, stamping and forging", ed. Avilov and other M.: Higher school, 1986, page 8, figure 3.

Products that are produced by these techniques are limited in a small amount.

Also known safety grids made by riveting, forge welding.

There are also lattice with electric, mostly with a rectangular lattice. In contrast to the above, the artistic value of their much lower, with the possibility of their production to electric welding machines. Cm. collection of Industrial and construction equipment" No. 2 (54), 2008, p.56-57; p.74-75.

Electric welding machines, and manual contact pliers, use, applying constant welding current.

The lack of application of welding the La fabrication of gratings, grids - low artistic value of the finished product.

The prototype of the invention taken lattice, made by electric welding, mainly with a rectangular cell. Cm. collection of Industrial and construction equipment" No. 2 (54), 2008, p.56-57; p.74-75.

Electric welding machines, and manual, contact ticks are used, applying constant welding current.

The lack of production of rectangular lattices, grids - low artistic value of the finished product.

The technical problem of the invention is the production of simple enclosing grids when using the same amount of metal having a greater Flexural strength and the possibility of them drawing upon customer request.

The solution is achieved by an arbitrary superposition of two gratings with a simple pattern with their combination on the picture plane. The grating can be made by welding, having prepared beforehand metal rings.

Analysis of the rigidity of the structures made of the same metal by weight, i.e. wires of the same diameter and thickness rings compared with the conditional of not superimposed rings, having a thickness of wire rings with two layers of 0.7 from conventional resists bending more than the high voltage.

Figure 1 shows the ring, sealed with centers at the vertices of kV is dratha. Figure 3 shows the ring of figure 1, sealed with centers at the vertices of a square, and placed on this layer is another layer of the same rings with arbitrary offset rings in either direction; figure 4 shows a ring of figure 2, fastened at the vertices of an equilateral triangle, and placed on this layer is another layer of the same rings with some displacement of the ring in either direction, and offset layers relative to each other at an arbitrary angle in an arc and then rigidly fixed, for example by welding. Figure 5, 6 shown rings of 2 and some of the possible versions of the pictures with swarnim effect, temporarily fixed arbitrary centers, and offset layers relative to each other at an arbitrary angle in an arc, and then rigidly fixed, for example by welding.

Analysis of the rigidity of the structures made of the same metal by weight, i.e. wires of the same diameter and thickness rings compared with the conditional of not superimposed rings, having a thickness of wire rings with two layers of 0.7 from conventional resists bending more than the high voltage.

Comparison of options enclosing gratings made wrought iron with rectangular cell, see the book "the Technique of art enamel, stamping and forging", ed. Avilov and other M.: Higher school, 1986, p.166, RIS, and fencing grills made forging as the art work, see the book "the Technique of art enamel, stamping and forging", ed. Avilov and other M.: Higher school, 1986, page 8, figure 3 with figure 4, 5, 6, and under this description, shows the emergence of a large number of ornaments that is capable of participating in a device of decorative fencing, while filling the window openings and manufacturer of small form lattices, including radiators mobile vehicles and heating devices.

Application of decorative grilles in the construction and landscaping in the public and private farms, simple and with sufficient rigidity of lattices for various purposes gives the possibility of them drawing upon customer request, with the same diameter made of rings gives you the opportunity to save metal due to the smaller diameter wire for workpieces while maintaining the strength and increase the rigidity of the product.

Decorative grille, made of two layers of identical rings or sheet metal with the same hole diameter, wherein these layers are superimposed on each other with any arbitrary arrangement of the centers of the rings or holes and any arbitrary angular deflection.



 

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Decorative lattice // 2465414

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: decorative lattice comprises two layers of identical rings or sheet metal with identical diameters of holes. The specified layers are laid onto each other with any arbitrary placement of centres of rings or holes and any arbitrary angular displacement.

EFFECT: increased bending strength.

6 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: structural block comprises the first and second element, identical to the above first element, at the same time each of the above elements has, in general, a parallelogram shape with a central hole and a cut in one angle and inner walls formed at least in the above central hole, at the same time the above element rotates relative to the other element approximately at the angle of 180, and each element has a truncated inner surface, partially formed by the above inner hole; each element is connected with the other element by means of stretching via the central hole of the other element and substantially closing this central hole, and each element has a face surface directed towards the appropriate face surface of the other element; above cuts are arranged along a diagonal axis stretching via the above elements and via the above windows; the above elements may turn along the above diagonal axis between the closed position, in which face surfaces contact with each other, and the open position, in which the above face surfaces are separated, and truncated inner surfaces of elements rest against each other and act as stops to limit movement of the above elements. Also a wall, a window for a building and an architectural structure using the above block are described.

EFFECT: reduced cost for construction of structures.

20 cl, 12 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: building module comprises a base element, formed from silicate bricks, extruded gypsum-based bricks, foam concrete or aerated concrete blocks or ceramic extruded bricks, and having parallel bed surfaces, with at least two pairs of coaxial holes and fixing elements of straight and reverse cones placed in them. Axes of conical parts of fixing elements of straight cones and adjacent surfaces of collars, which determine the gap between layers of masonry, are made at the angle to the axes of seating surfaces of the same elements mounted in holes of the base element. Also the version of the module is described, as well as the versions of the method to erect building walls using the specified building modules.

EFFECT: increased labour efficiency in construction, lower prime cost of modules, higher quality of building module installation.

13 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method of construction includes erection of frame in the form of reinforced concrete monolithic structures, formation of external walls from multi-layer light heat insulation panels with application of glue. The foundation, monolithic reinforced concrete slabs with coaxial holes in them and vertical columns are linked to a standard series of multi-layer universal light heat-moisture-noise-insulating heat-resistant blocks in all planes, and the frame of the facility is formed with account of the loads from physical masses of external walls, internal partitions and other necessary elements. Ends of monolithic slabs along the entire perimetre are closed with rectangular chutes with an insulant, they are rigidly fixed on the monolithic slab, afterwards they start erecting the external walls and internal partitions, at the same time in the beginning they install an angular multi-layer universal light block, the places of adjacency are previously coated with glue, it is fixed to the vertical column with the bracket, the second block is put against it, which has been previously coated with glue in places of adjacency, and into a vertical lock formed as two blocks are joined, a figured rack is inserted so that it enters the coaxial hole in the monolithic slab and so on, and the blocks of the second and subsequent rows are inserted with a ledge on the lower surface, into the slot on the upper surface of the blocks, etc. Blocks are laid row by row, simultaneously window, door and arc openings are formed, at the same time the surfaces of universal light blocks inside the object of construction at both sides may be closed by standard strengthened noise and moisture protective fireproof sheets with high adhesive capacity, which simultaneously cover several blocks. Also a multi-layer universal light block is described.

EFFECT: faster rates of building construction, lower labour inputs.

1 tbl, 8 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to erection of engineering structures with a bearing frame in the form of prefabricated composite structures with a shell, slab or shell and slab bulky structure. A composite bearing block of a prefabricated building structure represents a factory-built assembly element in the form of a spatial polyhedron or its fragments with faces of constant, piecewise-constant and alternate thickness, possibly, with through holes in faces for letting through personnel or communications, including concrete, reinforcement, embedded parts in the form of hollow tubular elements forming also through holes in faces, serving to connect bearing blocks to each other or to other structures of the facility with application of closing elements inserted in process of installation into coaxially arranged embedded hollow elements of touching faces. The block is made with closed or with opened cavities limited by diaphragms or protruding ribs, with opened, fully or partially closed one- and multi-link transverse cross sections or in the form of fragments, at least from one thick-walled shell or slab, and surfaces of external faces, internal cavities, ribs and diaphragms are given geometric shapes from a combination of flat, curvilinear or spherical surfaces, and also it has such geometric dimensions of connecting holes and such coordinates of location of such holes in joined blocks, which as a result of assembly provide for formation of a prefabricated building structure with required dimensions and specified spatial bulky structure of bearing faces, cavities and channels, and embedded tubular elements of faces are rigidly connected to additional reinforcement embedded parts, attached to them at the external side and embedded into concrete in process of factory manufacturing of a bearing block in a curb. Also the field connection of such blocks is described.

EFFECT: increased rates for erection of cost-effective materials of building structures in a bulky, including cellular one, facility with application of rigid and manufacturable field connections of blocks, provision of bearing capacity, durability and, if required, tightness of created structures, and also improvement of technology of assembly of prefabricated reinforced concrete building structures.

11 cl, 22 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: building structure consisting of blocks relates to construction industry and can be used for erection of buildings and structures. A building structure is made of rectangular blocks with projections and corresponding grooves on working surfaces; with that, the building structure includes two types of blocks that are different as to manufacturing material, one of which is made from corrosion resistant metal, and the other one from heavy expanded-clay concrete. The building structure is made of blocks laid in rows as per a "projection-groove" principle; with that, the base is made of blocks from corrosion resistant metal and fixed on a foundation; then, rows of blocks are laid, which are made from expanded-clay concrete. Erection of the structure ends with a row of blocks from corrosion resistant metal. Besides, its erection method is described.

EFFECT: improving stability, strength and seismic resistant of a structure.

3 cl, 33 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to construction materials industry, particularly to making concrete wall panels or blocks. Wall panel comprises interconnected bearing layer on the basis of light concrete and heat-insulating layer of porous material. Connection of layers is made in the form of a plastic plate dowels with cutouts at their ends provided with transverse armature rods of composite material. Each rod is arranged approximately in the middle part of dowel section. Head of each dowel is located on the outer side of heat-insulating layer. Transverse armature rod extends beyond dowel body on both sides at approximately 45 of its diameter perpendicular to dowel axis and is located inside the bearing layer at the distance of 1/42/3 of its thickness from upper surface of heat-insulating layer. Crude mixture for making the base layer of wall panel contains following components, wt%: hemihydrate gypsum 62-72, portland cement 18-25, pulp and paper industry waste (scope) (in terms of dry substance) 0.5-12, technical lignosulfonates (in terms of dry substance) 0.15-1.5, soda ash 0.05-0.2, quartz sand - the rest up to 100 %, with water - cement ratio of 2.7-3.5. Method of wall panel making includes laying and attachment of heat-insulating and bearing layers. First, on the horizontal surface of the shape heat-insulating material is placed stitched with plastic dowels with cutouts at their ends. Dowels are installed in the direction to the upper side with end of dowel output by value equal to approximately 3/4 of thickness of bearing layer, in an amount of no less than 5 PCs per 1.0 m2 of horizontal area of heat-insulating layer. Then approximately in the middle of each dowel section armature rod of composite material is inserted perpendicular to its axis, and raw material mixture is poured upon heat-insulating material.

EFFECT: technical result consists in speeding of process of wall panel production, increasing reliability of its heat-insulating and bearing layers and reducing power consumption during production.

3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: wall panel consists of two elements: a panel-frame consisting of a crossbar and racks, made of heavy concrete, including reinforcing articles and parts, and an element for filling the space in the panel-frame plane. Wherein the element for filling the space in the panel-frame plane is represented by a liner made of light or cellular concrete with retainers on the surfaces connected to the panel-frame. A method for manufacturing the wall panel is also described.

EFFECT: reductiing the weight and material intensity of load-bearing and self-supporting wall panels, reducing the labour intensity of the wall panel manufacturing, increasing the industriality of construction and increasing the strength of the contact seams between the composite elements of the wall panel.

7 cl, 9 dwg

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