Vacuum cleaner with vortex stabiliser

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: vacuum cleaner comprising a block of cleaning heads with a suction nozzle, a suction source, as well as a unit of cyclone module is movably connected to the said suction nozzle and the said suction source, and comprising a chamber of cyclone separator to separate dust and debris from the air, generating a cyclonic air flow forming a vortex tail, and the said chamber of cyclone separator has an inlet movably connected to the suction nozzle on the working air track, an outlet for discharging purified air, and outlet for discharging particles for collecting dust and debris separated from the air, a collector of dirt, removably attached to the chamber of cyclone separator and movably connected to the outlet for discharging particles for collecting dust and debris separated from the air in the said chamber of cyclone separator, and also a vortex stabiliser selectively attached relative to the chamber of cyclone separator to move between the operating position at a given position relative to the chamber of cyclone separator and the nonoperating position remote from the said operating position, in order to access the chamber of cyclone separator to remove all the collected dust and debris left after the cleaning process on the vortex stabiliser. The said vortex stabiliser can be attached obliquely to the chamber of cyclone separator to allow access to the chamber of cyclone separator, if the collector of dirt is removed from the unit of cyclone module.

EFFECT: ensuring access to cyclone chamber of separation to remove the collected dust and dirt left after the cleaning process in a cyclone chamber of separation and on the vortex stabiliser.

19 cl, 22 dwg

 

Cross references to related applications.

This application is a partial continuation of international application no PCT/US2006/026697 filed July 11, 2006, and claims priority to provisional application U.S. with numbers No. 60/595,515 (filed July 12, 2005), 60/596,263 (filed September 12, 2005) and 60/743,033 (filed December 14, 2005), all these applications are full of links.

Background of the present invention

The scope of the present invention

The present invention relates to vacuum cleaners, and in particular vacuum cleaners with cyclonic separation of dirt. In one of its aspects the present invention relates to a cyclone separator with a vortex stabilizer in which the vortex is maintained.

Description related technologies

Well-known upright vacuum cleaners that use cyclonic separator. Some separators, following the examples from textbooks, use separators in the form of a truncated cone, and the other for the Department of dirt by centrifugal force uses a high-speed rotational movement of the air/dirt. Usually the working air enters and leaves at the upper part of the cyclone separator, while its lower part is used for garbage collection. Next, trying to reduce weight, the host motor/fan creating a flow of air, usually placed in nor is it part of the control lever, below the cyclone separator.

Currently, BISSELL Homecare, Inc. produces and sells in the US upright vacuum cleaner with cyclone separator and dirt collection. Horizontal plate separates the cyclone separator from the collection of dirt. The air, after passing through a cyclone separator, passes the annular cylindrical casing with walls and a cylindrical filter, and then exits the cyclone separator at its upper end. The collection of dirt and a cyclone separator disclosed in U.S. patent No. 6,810,557, which made full reference.

In U.S. patent No. 4, 571,772 (Dyson) revealed an upright vacuum cleaner that uses a two-stage cyclone separator. The first stage is a separator, the outlet of which is in series with the inlet hole of the separator second stage, which has the shape of a truncated cone.

In the application U.S. No. 2005/0138763 (Tanner et al.) disclosed upright vacuum cleaner with cyclone separator. Horizontal wall or platform inside the cyclone separator has a porous structure, which acts as a platform for the Central vortex of the return air, because there are no holes for the passage of air or dirt. In one embodiment, this wall is made in the form of the cover rotating collection of dirt.

A summary of this image is to be placed

The vacuum cleaner according to the present invention includes: a cleaning unit with a suction nozzle, a source of suction, and the cyclone unit module, movably connected with a suction nozzle and a source of suction. The cyclone unit module includes: a cyclone chamber separation for separating dust and dirt from air, the cyclone generating a vortex flow of air with the formation of a vortex tail, and specified cyclone Luggage separation has an inlet aperture movably coupled with the suction nozzle along the working air; an outlet for discharge of purified air; an outlet for removing dust and dirt separated from the air; the collection of dirt, movably mounted on the cyclone chamber separation and movably connected with the outlet for collecting dust and dirt separated from the air in a specified cyclone chamber separation; and a stabilizer vortex motion, designed to hold the tail of the vortex in a given position relative to the cyclone chamber separation.

In one embodiment of the present invention in order to access the cyclone chamber separation for removal of the collected dust and dirt left after the cleaning process in the specified cyclone chamber separation and vortex stabilizer, for selective movement of the vortex stabilizer is fixed between working what their position at a given position relative to the cyclone chamber separation and position off remote from the specified working position.

In another embodiment of the present invention, the vortex stabilizer at least partially mounted on the axis of the cyclone chamber separation.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, the vortex stabilizer is installed on the primary structure located above the bottom surface of the dirt collection.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention at least one of the size and orientation specified vortex stabilizer is adjustable relative to the outlet openings for the emission of particles.

In accordance with another aspect of the present invention the specified stabilizer vortex is a flexible stabilizer.

Brief description of figures

Figure 1 represents a perspective projection, upright vacuum cleaner with cyclone unit module according to the present invention.

Figure 2 is a front perspective projection, upright vacuum cleaner with cyclone unit module 1 in a disassembled form with three interchangeable blocks cyclone module.

Figure 3 is a rear perspective projection, upright vacuum cleaner with Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is a cross-section of a variant of a single-stage cyclone unit module, taken along the line 4-4 with 2.

Figure 5 is a perspective view alternatives the option of the stabilizer, vortex, shown in position for emptying.

6 is a perspective view of a block of dirt collection with locking ring.

Fig.7 is a perspective view of the second variant of single-stage cyclone unit module disassembled.

Fig. 8 is a cross-section of a single-stage cyclone unit module 7, taken along the line 8-8 with Fig.7.

Fig.9 is a perspective view of the third variant of single-stage cyclone unit module disassembled.

Figure 10 is a perspective view of a fourth variant of single-stage cyclone unit module disassembled.

11 is a perspective view of a fifth variant of single-stage cyclone unit module disassembled.

Fig is a top view of the inlet housing of the cyclone with 11 in the perspective projection.

Fig represents a section of a first variant of a concentric two-stage cyclone unit module.

Fig represents a transverse section of the two-block cyclone module.

Fig represents schematically an alternative with Fig.

Fig represents a cross-section of a second variant of a concentric two-stage cyclone unit module.

Figa represents a cross-section taken along line 16A-16A with Fig.

<> Fig is a perspective view collected together stabilizer vortex and parts of the seal shown in Fig.

Fig represents a cross-section of a single-stage cyclone unit module with Fig, illustrating the problem of overflow block of dirt collection.

Fig represents a cross-section of a single-stage cyclone unit module with Fig with stabilizer vortex in the off position.

Fig represents a cross-section of a single-stage cyclone unit module with Fig when the remote unit of the collection of dirt and vortex stabilizer in position.

Fig is a perspective view of the bottom view of single-stage cyclone unit module with Fig when the remote unit of the collection of dirt and vortex stabilizer in position.

Fig is a perspective partially disassembled single stage cyclone unit module with Fig-21.

Description of the preferred variant of the present invention

An upright vacuum cleaner 10 of the present invention, shown in figures 1 to 3, includes a vertical block of the control lever 12, coaxially attached to the block of the stand 14. The specified block of the control lever 12 is also at one end of the primary support section 16 with capture 18 facilitating the movement of the vacuum cleaner consumer. At the opposite end of the lever has a cavity 2 for the motor, in which is located across the standard node fan/motor (not shown). The specified block of the control lever 12 is fixed coaxially with the block stand 14, the fastening passes through the axes of the rod inside the node fan/motor. The specified block of the control lever 12 comprises a through groove 25, available on the primary support section 16, one of the possible blocks in cyclone module 26, 26', 26". Blocks cyclone module 26 is separated and collected from the flow of the working air trash to remove it after the end of the cleaning process. As here shown, the upright vacuum cleaner 10 is equipped with a single-stage cyclone unit module 26, concentric two-stage cyclone unit module 26' and transverse two-stage cyclone unit module 26; however, it could be equipped with other optional units cyclone module also examines other possible configuration of cyclone module. As here shown, the upright vacuum cleaner 10 is equipped with one unit of the stand 14, although it is considered the interchangeability of different parts of the stand 14 and the control unit 12 may also use other possible configurations of the block stand. The modular nature of the vacuum cleaner 10 allows flexibility in the manufacture, so the standard unit of the control lever 12 from any combination of b the shackles of the cyclone module 26, 26' and 26" and block the stand 14 can be mounted a number of various models. Such flexibility in the Assembly makes it possible (at an effective price policy) the release of the final product from the lower models have a very small set of properties to high-end models with a large number of properties and high separation efficiency.

Block stand 14 also includes a lower housing 28 is mated with the upper housing 30 forming a chamber 32 for brushes. Inside this camera for brushes 32 has a rotating unit 34, which is described in detail below. A pair of rear wheels 36 are attached to the side of the block stand 14, which is back on camera for the brushes 32. Different configurations of the different blocks of the stand 14 can be attached to the block of the control lever 12, performing a variety of functions. Usually the width of the block stand 14 can be varied so that, depending on the size of the camera for brushes 32, the path of purification can be narrower or wider.

Suction nozzle 38 is formed on the bottom surface of the camera 32 to brush on the side of the stand 14, and it is movably connected with the surface that needs cleaning. The channel 40 provides the promotion of air from the suction nozzle 38 through the block stand 14, it ends on the outer surface of the tube of the vacuum cleaner W preferred embodiment of the present invention the specified channel 49 is a smooth and hard, molded blow pipe, the bending surface 44 which aligns with the center of rotation between the specified block of the stand 14 and the control unit 12, which allows centering of the control unit 12 relative to the block of the stand 14. In an alternative embodiment, the channel 40 is a standard flexible hose commonly used in the manufacture of vacuum cleaners. In yet another embodiment of the present invention promotion of air is formed with housings 28, 30 and between them, without the participation of secondary stations, blow molded or without flexible hoses.

On the back of the unit stand there actuator 140 height adjustment and height-adjustable mechanism (not shown) such as is commonly used for adjusting the vertical position of the suction nozzle relative to the surface of the floor. An example of suitable height-adjustable mechanism is described in U.S. patent 6,256,833 and in the patent application No. 60/596,263, filed September 12, 2005 and entitled "vacuum Cleaner with cyclonic separation of dirt" (both of these document here made detailed reference). Other details, standard for the unit holders, described in more detail in these documents.

Outdoor sleeve 46 at its one end has a fixed connection 48 of the tube of the vacuum cleaner, and at the other end of the receiving cyclone receiver 50. Outdoor sleeve 46 prepact the sory is a standard vacuum hose. Receiving cyclone receiver 50 is attached to the upper part of the primary support section 16 of the block of the control lever 12. Fixed connection 48 wands removable way is in the outer part of the tube cleaner 42 due to the friction of the landing (or connection latch), it is required to make when implementing the specified connection 48 to create a tight seal. Outdoor sleeve 46 is regulated by a pair of standard clamps for hoses (not shown) on the downstream side of the primary support section 16 and in the vicinity of the grip 18 in a manner known in the production of vacuum devices. Outdoor sleeve is a sleeve in which the working air always passes through the sleeve 46, regardless of whether the cleaner in floor mode, in which the working air enters the vacuum cleaner 10 through the suction nozzle 38, or he works in the regime above the floor at which the working air enters the cleaner through the connection 48 of the tube of a vacuum cleaner.

Cyclone exhaust receiver 52 is equipped on the upper part of the primary support section 16 in close proximity to receiving the receiver 50, and it is movably connected to the node premoting filter 54, which is located above the inlet node of the fan/motor 22 (figure 4), which is in the cavity 20, and a host of discharge air 56. Mobile communications can be implemented is by using air, it can be a molded blown tubing of the primary support section 16 or standard flexible vacuum hose.

Refer to figure 4, representing the first option unit single-stage cyclone module 26, which includes a housing 58 cyclone separator and block dirt collector 60. Specified housing 58 cyclone separator includes a housing 70 of the cyclone, the basic unit of which is the separator 84, the inlet opening 58 of the housing of the cyclone and the cyclone body of the diffuser 64; all three of these units bonded together in order to create between them a sealed air seal. The housing 70 of the cyclone has the shape of a truncated cone, tapering from a larger diameter upper portion to a smaller diameter lower portion, in addition, cyclone Luggage separation below the bottom portion narrowing gradually expands outward. The interior of the body 70 of the cyclone freely, so air can enter it freely. In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the housing 70 of the cyclone is made of a transparent material, thus passing it the separation process becomes visible to the consumer. The inlet opening 62 of the housing also includes an inlet hole 66 cyclone, tightly mating with the inlet of cyclone receiver 50 on the primary support with the work 16. Inside the outlet 68 of the cyclone can be (optional) fixed cylindrical sleeve with grooves. Air passing through these grooves, causes rotation of the cylindrical cuff, preventing the passage of debris through it, while the effect on the flow of air is negligible.

Further, the vortex detector 69 is formed in a circular wall of the outlet 80, formed on the outer surface of the inlet 62. The flow straightener 71 can be (optionally) placed inside the outlet 80 in order to remove the rotating air stream leaving the cyclone unit module 26 and reducing the pressure drop across the specified module 26.

Node dirt collector 60 includes also the case of the collection of dirt 72 and the surface 74 of the stabilizer of the vortex, which can be placed inside or outside the cyclone housing 70, provided that the separator 84 is configured such that the tail of the vortex formed by the flow of air through the housing 58 of cyclone separator is in contact with the surface 74 of the stabilizer vortex. The surface 74 of the vortex stabilizer can be rigid, or alternatively it may be made of flexible thermoplastic material or elastomer. In one embodiment of the present invention, the surface 74 of the stabilizer vortex formed entirely with a seal (not shown is between the cyclone housing 70 and the body of the dirt collection 72. The advantage of the flexible elastomer is that the surface 74 of the vortex stabilizer is able to vibrate and move in response to vortex efforts taking place during the cleaning process. The vibration and movement of the surface 74 of the vortex stabilizer is able to remove the debris collected on the surface and trapped in a block of dirt collection 60, thereby automatically cleaning the surface 74.

As shown in figure 4, due to the support plate 78 of the vortex stabilizer surface 74 of the vortex stabilizer is located above the bottom of the hull of the collection of dirt 72. However, the surface 74 of the vortex stabilizer can be located anywhere between the lower body portion of the dirt collection 72 and a vortex detector 69. Preferably, the surface 74 of the stabilizer vortex was located near the lower plane of the cyclone housing 70, as shown in figure 4, 6 and 9, or near it.

The surface 74 of the stabilizer vortex provides a location specifically designed for the insertion of the tail of cyclone vortex, thus minimizing wandering or chaotic action that may in one way or another to occur in the absence of the specified surface 74 of the stabilizer vortex. Adjusting the location of the tail of the vortex improves hull efficiency cyclone separator 58, and prevents re-entering Razi, already separated and precipitated in the block of dirt collection.

In order to further stabilize the vortex tail rod 82 of the stabilizer vortex may (optional) be placed vertically on the surface 74 of the stabilizer vortex. For effective stabilization of the vortex tail you can use any combination of the surface of the vortex stabilizer 74 and piston rod 82 of the stabilizer vortex. Or the stem 82 of the vortex stabilizer can be attached to the bottom surface of the cyclone body of the diffuser 64 or vortex detector 69 and be reliable at any distance from the bottom of the housing of the cyclone 70, but not more than the distance to the position at the upper end of the body dirt collector 72. Outlet garbage 79 formed between the surface 74 of the stabilizer of the vortex and the inner wall of the cyclone housing 70 through the opening garbage, highlighted by a housing 58 cyclone separator may be received in block dirt collector 60. As shown in figure 4, the outlet for waste 79 formed inclined surface 144 and screw-shaped side wall 146. Alternatively, a block of dirt collection 60 or the lower part of the cyclone housing 70 may also contain additional capacity for small debris; more detail is described in application for U.S. patent No. 60/552,213, filed September 1, 2004 and entitled "a Cyclone separator with Oslo is to separate fine particles".

As shown in figure 4 by arrows, contaminated process air is depicted emerging from the suction nozzle 38 and entering the node cyclone separator 26 tangentially inlet hole 66 of the cyclone. When the hole 62 of the housing of the cyclone directs the air downward spiral and tangentially along the inner surface of the cyclone body 70 is formed curl. During the rotation of polluted air in the cyclone housing 70 debris from the housing 70 is thrown down in the direction of its walls and remains in savinaodessa air until the air flow at the lower part of the cyclone will not change its direction towards the outlet 80, and the external forces can't take this garbage down into the housing 72 of the collection of dirt. Savanaudis air forms the tail of the vortex, which is attached to the surface 74 of the stabilizer of the vortex, where the air flow then suddenly changes direction and rotates in a vertical direction directly toward the vortex detector 69. The vortex in the cyclone housing 70 also induces a vortex inside the housing 72 of the collection of dirt. Savanaudis the air inside the housing 72 of the dirt collection also throws garbage into the side of the outer wall 70 of the housing of the collection of dirt. When this occurs the separation, and it becomes possible to collect more debris until final re the participation of garbage or above it, without considerable re-transfer of garbage. Then relatively clean air passes through the unit premoting filter 54, block motor/fan 22 and through the power of the air vent 56.

Or on the site of the cyclone 58 can be placed bypass valve 63 to release the air with a standard spring-loaded valve which is open when the air flow through the normal route of the working air is blocked; this can sometimes occur around the suction nozzle 38 or open sleeve 46. The size specified by-pass valve 63 is such as to make possible the continuation of the passage of sufficient air flow through the node cyclone 58 thus, because of slower interrupted air flow already separated debris would not be re-captured.

An additional option is the introduction of a standard particle counter 57 between the outlet of the cyclone 68 and block premoting filter 54, this is done in order to detect when the dust and debris pass through the node of the cyclone 58. This option can provide the user an early indication of the failure of the cyclone unit module 26, which prevents the separation of working air, can cause serious clogging of the block 56 premoting filter and be dangerous for node fan/motor 22. While the consumer has the possibility is empty site collection 60 and dirt before continuing with the use of a vacuum cleaner to clear the track of working air from obstacles. Suitable infrared particle counter 57 are described in more detail in U.S. patent No. 4601082, a link to which is included here in full.

Another option is joining a flexible plate 61 having antistatic properties, a block of dirt collection 60 during operation. Antistatic plate 61 reduce the emission of dust from the vacuum during operation, as well as collect separate dust particles inside a block of dirt collection 60 in order to minimize scattering when emptying the specified block dirt collector 60. In addition, the plate 61 can be flavored to improve deodorization. Suitable antistatic plates are commercially available in the form of a woven absorbent anti-static plates.

Refer to figure 5, there is depicted an alternative variant of the vortex stabilizer 74, and similar characteristics denoted by the same numerals. The vortex stabilizer 74 has an axial attachment to the side wall of the housing 72 of the collection of dirt, carried out by a standard hinge 59. The hinged attachment to the side wall of the housing 72 of the dirt collection sets the surface of the vortex stabilizer 74 with respect to the said side wall so that it can be rotated upward from the functional horizontal cyclone separator (as shown, for example, on figure 4) in position outside of the track (as e is shown on figure 5). Thus the garbage collected in the body of the dirt collection 72 can freely exit the hull of the collection of dirt 72 when it is turning, for example, if the depositing of garbage collected in the body of the dirt collection 72. As you can see, any geometry that is used for the surface of the vortex stabilizer 74 (including the ones described), can be adapted to the hinge 59 as described here. Rotary vortex stabilizer 74 may be included in any version of the cyclone unit module- 26, 26', 26".

Refer to Fig.6, representing an alternative block of dirt collection 60 in this figure similar characteristics denoted by the same numerals. The locking ring 85 includes an annular groove 87 which mates with the periphery of the ring shank 89 formed on the outer bottom surface of the housing of the cyclone separator 58. The outer surface of the locking ring 85 also includes redundant and mutually lockable clamps, having the form of at least two horizontal and oppositely directed fingers 91 (figure 6 only shows one of them). The fingers have upper inclined surface that supports a corresponding number of locking lugs 93 formed on the outer exterior surface of the block dirt collector 60. Slanted fingers 91 are made in such a way that the locking ears 93 now the La come in contact with these fingers 91 at their bottom edges. When the user rotates the locking ring 85 on the contact surface 95, the locking ears 93 rise up from inside inclined surface 91, and therefore, lift up the block dirt collector 60, through intimate contact with the locking ring 85. Any variant of the cyclone unit module 26, 26', 26" can be modified to include a locking ring 85, which is located between the block dirt collector 60 and the housing cyclone separator 58.

Refer to Fig.7 and 8, representing the second option unit single-stage cyclone module 26, in these figures similar characteristics denoted by the same numerals. The cyclone unit module 26 includes a conical housing cyclone separator 58, which is oriented so that the longitudinal axis of the specified body of cyclone separator 58 and block dirt collection 58 are shifted relative to each other. The longitudinal axis of the hull cyclone separator 58 may be vertical or may be inclined relative to the vertical. Cover dirt collection 65 may be formed together with the bottom surface of the housing cyclone separator 58 and can hermetically be interfaced with the upper end of the block dirt collector 60. Or cover the dirt collection 65 may be a separate unit, or it can be attached to a block of dirt collection urazhennyam way or articulated.

The surface of the vortex stabilizer 74 can be manufactured together with the lower part of the body of the cyclone 70, or it can support the vertical wall 67, this is due to the lid of the dirt collection 65. In one embodiment of the present invention, the surface of the vortex stabilizer 74 is attached to the cyclone housing 70 by means of a screw 81 so that when you remove the chassis of the dirt collection surface 72 of the vortex stabilizer 74 remains with the cyclone housing 70. Thus a block of dirt collection 60 is kept absolutely free from clogging, which could impede the emptying contained in the specified block of garbage. On the lid of the dirt collection 65 made protrusion 75, passing below the surface of the vortex stabilizer 74. The specified protrusion 75 is tightly in contact with the upper end of the body of the collection of dirt 72.

The surface of the vortex stabilizer 74 is oriented asymmetrically main axis of the block dirt collector 60 is made to ensure that the size of the outlet openings for garbage 79 was as large as possible. In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the surface of the vortex stabilizer 74 spatial removed from the underside of the cyclone separator 58, thus there is formed a gap forming an outlet for waste 79. It is experimentally shown that the gap formed in the transverse e.g. is the pressure of not more than of the perimeter of the stabilizer, optimizes the transfer of garbage from the bottom of cyclone separator to block dirt collector 60. Preferably, the surface of the vortex stabilizer 74 had a configuration in which the diameter was slightly smaller than the diameter of the hole at the bottom of the cyclone housing 70, so the specified surface of the vortex stabilizer 74 can be cast as a single structure with the cyclone housing 70. However, to optimize the surface of the vortex stabilizer 74 may be larger or smaller than the holes of the cyclone housing 70.

Refer to figure 9, represents the third option unit single-stage cyclone module 26, in this figure similar characteristics denoted by the same numerals. The cyclone unit module 26 includes a conical housing cyclone separator 58 which is oriented so that the longitudinal axis of the housing cyclone separator 58 and block dirt collector 69 is shifted. The surface of the vortex stabilizer 74 is attached to the upper end of the body of the dirt collection 72 and is oriented asymmetrically main axis of the block dirt collector 60 is made to ensure that the size of the outlet openings for garbage 79 was as large as possible. The surface of the vortex stabilizer 74 may optionally be supported by a pair of consoles 64A passing from the upper end of the body of the dirt collection 72 to the surface of the vortex stabilizer 74. In site Cetelem embodiment of the present invention, the surface of the vortex stabilizer 74 spatial removed from the underside of the cyclone separator 58, thus there is formed a gap forming an outlet for waste 79. When moving the surface of the vortex stabilizer 74 to the wall of the dirt collection 60 is provided adequate free space to drain the block dirt collector 60 through the exhaust hole for garbage 79.

It was found that the characteristics of the air flow passing through the cyclone separator can be changed by changing the size and orientation of the surface cyclone separator 74. With reference to figure 9 it is shown experimentally that the rotation of a block of dirt collection 60 relative to the housing cyclone separator 58 changes the size, shape and arrangement of the slit outlet of garbage 79 and affects the pressure drop, air flow and other operational aspects of the housing cyclone separator 58. In addition, it is known that the characteristics of the air flow changed when you change the orientation of the tangential inlet cyclone 66 relative to the outlet openings for garbage 79. For more efficient separation of small particles in the air stream may be desirable, for example, to use a higher flow rate of air. However, for a more adequate allocation of air jet larger and light garbage is preferable to use a lower speed air flow. Stabilisatrice 74 can be made so, in order for the consumer to choose the desired setting cyclone depending on what type of trash you want collected.

Refer to figure 10, representing the fourth option unit single-stage cyclone module 26, in this figure similar characteristics denoted by the same numerals. The longitudinal axis 77 of the housing cyclone separator 70 is horizontal and intersects the perpendicular to the vertical longitudinal axis 83 through the body of the dirt collection 72. Usually the outlet for waste 79 is perpendicular to the longitudinal axis 77. The surface of the vortex stabilizer 74, as noted above, forms the bottom of the housing of the cyclone 70 and generally parallel to the vertical axis 83 of the block dirt collector 60. When the cyclone unit module 26 is installed in the control unit 12, the generally longitudinal axis 77 has a horizontal orientation relative to a floor surface, if the block of dirt collection 60 below the horizontal casing cyclone separator 58, and an outlet for waste 79 is directed downward. If this module cyclone separator is fixed in the upright vacuum cleaner as shown in figure 1, the direction of the longitudinal axis 77 is changed to horizontal, because during normal operation of the vacuum cleaner control unit is tilted. This configuration changes to a minimum vertical height of the cyclone unit module 6 and shortens the flow of air, directed from the suction nozzle 38 into the receiving cyclone receiver 50, and out of the outlet of cyclone receiver 52 in the block fan/motor.

An additional advantage resulting from the inclusion of the vortex stabilizer 74 in any of the described variants of the surface, is that in order to create a compact module cyclone separator the length of the cyclone housing 70 can be reduced. For a given volume of space, suitable for housing a cyclone separator 58 on the block of the control lever 12, a compact module cyclone separator leaves more space for a block of dirt collector 60, and therefore, you can use a larger block of dirt collection 60 with greater capacity.

In addition, any of these stabilizers vortex 74 may be designed to be movable relative to the longitudinal axis of the hull cyclone separator 58. It was found that if one varies the length of the cyclone separator, due to the changing characteristics of the air flow and the pressure drop through the cyclone separator, changing the efficiency of the separation. As described above, this property can be used to provide the user the possibility to adjust the process depending on what type of debris should be removed from the surface.

Arr is time to 11 and 12, representing the fifth variant of the block single-stage cyclone module 26, in these figures similar characteristics denoted by the same numerals. The cyclone unit module 26 includes the case of cyclone separator 58, entirely within a block of dirt collection 60 and inlet cyclone body 62 outside the specified block dirt collector 60, and they are both firmly attached to each other to create between them airtight seal. Inlet cyclone body 62 also includes inlet of the cyclone 66, which is tightly mated with the receiving cyclone receiver 50 (figure 2) on the primary support section 16. Inlet cyclone body 62 also includes a spiral section 51, forming the main lithography approach to the tangential inlet hole 55 in the case of cyclone separator 58. The upper wall of the specified spiral section 51 forms a slope 53 forming the bottom surface of the housing cyclone separator 58. The cyclone unit module 26 is oriented so that the inlet cyclone body 62 is located at the bottom of the module, forming the configuration of the inlet and outlet holes. Block dirt collector 60 is formed by a housing of the dirt collection 72, creating a wall in a generally circular perimeter, the bottom surface, the SFD is certified by the slope 53 and compacted surface, forms a removable upper portion of the dirt collection 73. The perimeter of the dirt collection 97 is defined between the casing dirt collector 72 and the housing cyclone separator 58. The upper portion of the dirt collection 73 also includes, as described above, the surface of the vortex stabilizer 74, formed on the edge of the protrusion 73a, which passes down from the top surface of the upper portion of the dirt collection 73 and enters the upper part of the chamber of the cyclone separator. In order to discharge purified air from the casing of the cyclone separator 58, the vortex detector 69 is formed, as described above, a circular wall around the outlet 80. It should be clear that by this option you can adapt any of the above described configuration, the surface stabilizer vortex. The annular outlet for garbage 79 formed between the outer surface of the vortex stabilizer 74 and the outer wall of the housing cyclone separator 58. The upper edge of the housing cyclone separator 58 is pointed out, this is done in order to facilitate the discharge of the separated particles from the chamber cyclone separator. To facilitate the collection in the collection of dirt larger dirt particles the case of cyclone separator 58 narrowed inward from top to bottom. Specified narrowing can be from 0 to 10 degrees.

In operation, with 11 arrows from the reflected air flow through the cyclone unit module 26, air pollution is supplied through the inlet of the cyclone 66 on an inclined spiral section 51 of the inclined section, synchronously guide the air in the inclined section 53 for imparting vertical and tangential directions to this stream of air, where it enters into the internal space of the shell cyclone separator 58 and moves in a spiral upwards, thus forming the curl. The tail of the vortex, as described above, is securely fixed on the surface of the vortex stabilizer 74 and suddenly changes direction and moves straight down through the hole 80 in the block fan/motor 22. Debris is thrown up and out through the outlet for waste 79 and stops at the collection area of the mud 97 formed between the outer wall of the housing cyclone separator 58 and the inner wall of the housing of the collection of dirt 72. Debris captured within the collection zone of the mud 97, tends to remain at rest, because in this area of collecting dirt 97 the current of air is negligible, and under the action of gravitational forces debris falls on the surface, below the zone of collecting dirt 97, dropping out of potentially turbulent air flow around the outlet for waste 79. Dirt and debris collected in the body of the dirt collection 72, is removed during the removal of the upper portion 73 and the tilting block dirt collector 60.

Contact Fig, representing the first option concentric two-stage cyclone unit module 26', on the form with similar characteristics denoted by the same numerals with bar character ('). The cyclone unit module 26' includes two coaxial separator, which has the shape of a truncated cone, the smaller the separator 86 is concentrically in a row and below the top of the separator 84'. The case of cyclone separator 58' includes a cyclone body of the first stage 70', still attached to the intake opening of the cyclone 66'. The casing wall of the cyclone 70' is usually inclined, they generally form the shape of a truncated cone, in which the lower part of the housing of cyclone separator 58' has a diameter smaller than the upper part. However, depending on production requirements and aesthetic desires specified cyclone body 70' may have an annular shape or the shape of an inverted truncated cone. The case of the two-stage second stage cyclone 96 having a shape of a truncated cone, defines the boundary from the upper surface of the housing of the first stage cyclone 70'. The outlet of the first stage garbage 79A is formed by a gap between the surface a stabilizer vortex and the wall of the cyclone housing 70'. The outlet of the second stage garbage 79b is formed by a gap between the surface of the second vortex stabilizer 74b and having the shape of a truncated cone of the cyclone body of the second stage 96. As mentioned previously, the stabilizing rod may also be on one or both surfaces of the stabilizer a, 74b.

Block dirt collector 60' is located below the housing cyclone separator 58' and tightly in contact with him. Block dirt collector 60' also includes the collection area of the first stage 101 and the collection area of the second stage 103, which is sealed from the specified zone of collection of the first stage 101. Block dirt collector 60' tightly in contact with the cyclone housing 70' on the edge 75', formed on its lower surface. The collection area of the second stage 103 is tightly in contact with the bottom surface of the housing of the second stage cyclone 96 so that the outlet of the second stage garbage 79b is with them in the state of the mobile, but is isolated from the outlet of the first stage garbage 79A.

As shown by the arrows, the unit fan/motor 22'located below the outlet of the cyclone 68', directs the air from the inlet of the cyclone 66' in the cyclone body 70', causing the twisting of air around the outer wall of the cyclone body 70' of the separator 84', which separates large debris; in this case, larger debris falls into the collection area of the first stage 101 of the block of dirt collection 60'. Then the air turns and goes up to the outlet of the housing of the second stage cyclone 96, where he cartujano hole 102 is included in the separator of the second stage. The inlet 102 directs the air tangentially and downward along the outer surface of the housing of the second stage cyclone 96. The lower part of the vortex of the second stage is fixed on the surface of the stabilizer vortex of the second step 74b, on which the air flow is again turns and runs right up to the outlet 80'formed by the vortex detector 69', and passes through the outlet 68'. The dirt removed by the separator 86, having the shape of a truncated cone, is adjudged to be in an area of mud collecting the second stage 103. The dirt collection area of the second stage 103 may be formed entirely within the outer wall of the collection zone of dirt first stage 101. Or, as shown in Fig specified area collect dirt the second stage 103 may be part of the collection zone of the dirt first stage 101, thus the contents of the collection zone of the dirt of the second step 103, the user can easily be seen from the outer side of the cyclone module 26'. The unit collected 60' detached from the body of the cyclone 70' and creates free and contains no obstacles in the way of garbage collected in the dirt collection area of the first stage 101, and the dirt collection area of the second stage 103. This garbage is empty when dumping a block of dirt collection 60'.

It may be clear that the second stage cyclone can be placed outside and may be oriented in any manner below the cyclone body is the first step. The preferred position of the collector of the second stage relative to the housing of the first stage cyclone includes adjacent and parallel configuration, however, the collector of the second stage can be positioned vertically and obliquely upward, and include an angle of 90 degrees from the vertical. Are also numerous injection modules of the second stage or discharge cyclone modules. Further, any first stage cyclone or any of the second stage cyclones can be aimed in any direction with conical cyclone body 70'. The direction of the cone is determined by the ratio of the larger diameter end of the body of the cyclone 70' and a smaller diameter end of the body of the cyclone 70'. The standard cone is a cone, in which the larger end is positioned higher than the lower end. If the smaller end of the body of the cyclone 70' is positioned higher than the higher end of the housing of the cyclone 70'is formed, inverted or inverted cone.

Contact Fig representing the second option concentric two-stage cyclone unit module 26', on the form with similar characteristics denoted by the same numerals. In General, the second option concentric two-stage cyclone unit module 26' differs from the first variant the fact that the collection area of the second stage 103 is located within the collection zone of the first stage 101 and coax the th. Another obvious difference between the second version of the cyclone unit module 26' is that the body of the second stage cyclone 96 includes: the lower portion 118 having the shape of a truncated cone, the upper section 120 having a cylindrical shape; at least two inlet openings 102 formed in the upper cylindrical section 120 of the housing of the second stage cyclone 96. The upper cylindrical section 120 has a diameter greater than having the shape of a truncated cone section 118; and therefore, the diameter of the inlet hole 102 more having the shape of a truncated cone section 118. Contact figa, showing the inlet 102, located on the upper cylindrical section 120 symmetrically. In an alternative embodiment (not shown) to the inlet 102 are located on the upper cylindrical section 120 asymmetrically.

Another obvious difference between the second version of the cyclone unit module 26' is that the stabilizers of the vortex first and second stage A and B manufactured as a single structure 130, which fits between the block of dirt collection 60' and the cyclone body 70'. Contact in addition to pig, unified structure 130 typically has an annular shape and includes: an outer wall 132, the upper surface 134; median surface A, forming a vortex stabilizer of the first stage; the lower surface V forming the stabilizer war the second stage; the opening between the specified upper surface and a surface stabilizer vortex first stage A forming an outlet for debris first step 79A; and an opening between the surface of the stabilizer vortex first stage A and surface stabilizer vortex of the second stage V forming an outlet for the waste of the second stage W. The spacer 136 is formed entirely on the end face between the outer surface 132 and the top surface 134 and forms a seal between the block of dirt collection 60' and the cyclone body 70'. Single structure 130 may be molded entirely of a variety of materials including thermoplastic and thermosetting materials, and by their nature they are preferably elastic material.

Contact Fig representing the transverse two-stage cyclone unit module 26"; in this figure similar characteristics denoted by the same numerals with a double bar symbol ("). In this embodiment, the cyclone unit module 26 includes a transverse two-stage separator, which has the shape of a truncated cone, the smaller the step 86" (as described previously) is located outside, on the same line and below the cyclone separator 84". In this embodiment, the case of cyclone cone 64 is formed by the upper part 104 and has a clearance relative to the diffuser of the second stage 106. Specified ve is hnaa part of the first stage 104 closes the outlet to the inlet of the housing 80, and forms there a small space in movable connection with the inlet of the second stage 102". The specified upper part of the first stage 104 also includes an outlet opening of the second stage 108, which is in movable connection with the inlet of the second stage 102". The second stage diffuser 106 closes the upper part of the first stage 104, forming a small outer space.

A block of dirt collection 60" includes the collection of dirt first stage 110 and the collection of dirt the second stage 112, which are connected by a wall 114. And the collection of dirt first stage 110, and the collection of dirt the second stage 112 is removed together if you spend deleting a block of dirt collection 60" and at the same time eliminate the contents of the collections mud 110 and 112. The surface of the vortex stabilizer 74 is below the body of the first stage cyclone 70" on the support site 78"passing vertically from the lower portion of the dirt collection the first stage 110. The annular outlet 79A" garbage is formed between the surface of the vortex stabilizer 74 and the inner wall of the housing of the cyclone 70; debris separated by cyclone separator 84", can pass through this hole in the dirt collection the first stage 110. Another outlet for waste - 79b, formed in the lower housing of the second stage cyclone 96", skips separated in a cyclone separator 86" garbage through the collection of dirt the second stage 112.

As shown in the article is a tree, the air stream exits the separator first stage through the housing bore 80", enters the first space formed between the lower surface of the upper part of the first stage 104 and the upper surface of the inlet into the cyclone body 64". Then the air moves to the intake hole of the second stage 102, it is secondary cyclonic effect in order to remove additional debris from the air stream. Clean air exits from the separator second stage 86 through the outlet 108, getting into a small space for an exit formed between the upper surface of the upper part of the first stage 104 and the bottom surface of the diffuser of the second stage 106, and leaves the cyclone unit module 26" at the outlet of the cyclone 68".

Cyclone switch 121 may be located between the output of the inlet housing 80" housing first stage cyclone 70 and inlet of the second stage 102 corps of the second stage cyclone 96". Cyclone switch 121 includes a bypass valve 123, able to move between the first and second position. The specified valve 123 may be any known air bypass valve (type a hinged valve or device device type sliding doors; this is shown in U.S. patent No. 4951346 owned Salmn, which made full reference. To enable air flow by moving from the first position to the second, or Vice versa, the user can operate the bypass valve 123. If the bypass valve 123 is in the first position (shown with a bold line), the working air from the first cyclone housing 70" is sent to the intake hole of the second stage 102 through the housing of the second stage cyclone 96". If the bypass valve 123 is in the second position (shown by a dotted line), prevents the working air from the first cyclone housing 70" to the inlet of the second stage 102", this is achieved by traversing the body of the second stage cyclone 96, and the working air enters directly into the block of the motor/fan 22". Cyclone switch 121 can be powered by any known method, including manual control (but not limited to them), as described in the patent Salmon, or using valves with solenoid control.

Contact Fig representing an alternative cross-block two-stage cyclone module 26". A pair of cyclone switches a and 121b may be located so that when working with a vacuum cleaner consumer could choose whether to use it only the first stage cyclone F, only the second cyclone stupen is S or both of these cyclones. For example, the user can choose to use only the first stage cyclone F, if the switch a be set so that the working air into the inlet of the cyclone 66", was held in the case of the first stage cyclone 70" on the first track (arrow a), and the switch 121b set so that the working air leaving the casing 70" block cyclone module 26", coming from the outlet of the cyclone 68" on the first track (arrow). In another example, the user can choose to use only the second stage cyclone S, if the switch a be set so that the working air into the inlet of the cyclone 66", was held in the case of the second stage cyclone 96" on the second track (arrow). In this case, the working air bypasses the switch 121b and leaves the housing 96' block cyclone module 26", coming from the outlet of the cyclone 68". In yet another embodiment, the consumer may choose the use of cyclones in both degrees F and S, if the switch a be set so that the working air into the inlet of the cyclone 66", was held in the case of the first stage cyclone 70" on the first track (arrow a), and the switch 121b set so that the working air leaving the housing 70," was held in the case of the second stage cyclone 96" on the second track (arrow D). Cyclone lane is the switch a and 121b may be connected mechanically or electrically so to the air flow through these switches was sent to the selected method.

Contact Fig, again representing the second option unit single-stage cyclone module 26, in order to illustrate the problems that can occur if the block dirt collector 60 is not empty when its full population (shown by the dashed line on Fig). When the body of the dirt collection 72 is filled, in order to empty it must be removed from the vacuum cleaner 10 immediately. However, if the consumer has neglected quick draining of the hull of the collection of dirt 72 when it is full, and continues to work as a cleaner 10 for cleaning the surface, the dirt may continue to accumulate in the specified enclosure 72. Once the hull of the collection of dirt is filled with more than its capacity, the dirt can begin to fill in the cyclone body 70.

If the block dirt collector 60 is released when it is full, not immediately, then you may encounter two problems. One problem is that the dirt that filled the cyclone body 70 can enter the outlet 80, passing through the block cyclone separator 26 and creating obstacles in the path of air flow through the vacuum cleaner 10 or higher block premoting filter 54. Another problem is that even if the dirt collection was discontinued until, as the dirt fell into the outlet 80, n the existence of a set of vortex stabilizer 74 complicates exemption from dirt, already caught in the cyclone body 70, as specified vortex stabilizer 74 holds the dirt above the hull of the collection of dirt 72. In this situation, it really is almost impossible to remove the casing dirt collector 72 of the vacuum cleaner 10, not because they are stained, as specified case filled with more than its capacity. In addition, remaining on the body of the cyclone separator 58, the dirt is hard to remove from the vacuum cleaner 10.

Contact Fig, representing the sixth variant of the single-stage cyclone separator 26; in this figure similar characteristics denoted by the same numerals. The solution of the first problem, which consists in the flow of mud through the outlet 80, carried by the rack 148 over the open end of the vortex detector 69. As shown, the grating 148 fixed to the lower end of the vortex detector 69, and it prevents the penetration of dirt into the cyclone body 70 through the outlet 80. This grating 148 may have a hemispherical shape and include a number of spaced around the body of the lattice holes 148 and 150, through which the passage of air. You can also use other forms of lattice 148, including flat plates, cylinders and similar forms.

To solve the second problem, emptying garbage the upper part of the vortex stabilizer 74 should be set obliquely relative to the housing cyclone CE is arator 58. Contact Fig and 20. The vortex stabilizer 74 is able to move from the operating position at which the specified stabilizer vortex perpendicular to the longitudinal axis X of the housing of the cyclone 70 (shown in Fig), non-operating position, in which the cyclone body 70 may be available (shown in Fig). In the working position of the vortex stabilizer 74 is the orientation in which the possible retention of a vortex tail. In the specified working position of the vortex stabilizer 74 and the lid of the dirt collection 65 form a discharge outlet for garbage 79. In the off position, the vortex stabilizer 74 is the orientation in which it is tilted away from the center of a body of cyclone separator 58 so that any dirt that is located at the top of the vortex stabilizer 74, is free to fall into the waste container, and the user can gain access to the inside of the housing of the cyclone 70, including the grille 148.

As you can see from the illustration, the vortex stabilizer 74 includes a stationary portion 152 and the mobile part 154, which in order to effectively move the specified vortex stabilizer 74 between the working and non-working positions can rotate relative to the stationary portion 152. And a stationary portion 152, and the movable portion 154 includes a flat plate, which is at the off position of the vortex stabilizer 74 together form a generally ring-shaped Fort is at.

Contact Fig and 22. The stationary portion 152 may be manufactured together with the case of cyclone separator 58, or it may be attached separately. In the illustrated embodiment, the stationary portion 152 can be made as part of the insert 156, which serves for attachment of the vortex stabilizer 74 to the body of the cyclone separator 58. In addition to the stationary portion 152 of the liner 156 contains: a pair of fixing rings 158, constructed as a unit with the stationary part 152; a pair of end walls 160, manufactured orthogonal reinforcing rings; and the arcuate wall 162, passing between the end walls 160 and orthogonal connected with a stationary part 152 and the fixing rings 158.

Each fixing ring 158 includes a sleeve screw 164 for receiving the screw 166, suspending the liner 156, and thus the entire vortex stabilizer 74, the cover of the collection of dirt and 65, which are molded as a single unit with the case of cyclone separator 58. Therefore, when removing the body of the dirt collection 72, the surface of the vortex stabilizer 74 remains with the cyclone housing 70.

When the liner 156 is attached to the lid of the dirt collection 65, the arcuate wall 162 of the insert 156 is squeezed in between the specified cover 165 and the arcuate wall 168, razgranicavati from the lower part of the cyclone housing 70. The arcuate with the child 168 spatially separated from the lid of the dirt collection 65 and connects with two grooves 170, which includes the end wall 160 of the insert 156. If the liner 156 is in position, the stationary portion 152 of the vortex stabilizer 74 passes from the said arcuate wall 168 orthogonal to the side grooves 170.

The mobile part 154 rotationally fixed to the liner 156 using the normal node 172. The specified inclined node 172 comprises a pair of oppositely directed inclined axes 174, formed in the mobile part 154, which is fixed in a corresponding pair of oppositely directed inclined coupling 176, formed in the stationary portion 152 of the insert 156.

The vortex stabilizer can be held in working position (shown in Fig) retainer. As shown, the mobile part 154 includes a pair of contacts 178 that are in contact with the respective pair of latches 180, formed in the end walls 160 of the insert 156. The mobile part 154 may be attached to the liner 156 a variety of fastening mechanisms that are detachable manner fasten together the two parts in order to selectively remove when emptying any dirt accumulated in the vortex stabilizer 74.

As apparent from the above description of the sixth variant of a single-stage cyclone separator 26, it is possible to avoid the passage of waste through the outlet 80, if between the specified discharge hole 80, the cyclone casing 0 and oblique vortex stabilizer 74 to set the bars 148. The grille 148 prevents the passage of dirt from the cyclone housing 70 through the power of cyclone separator 26. The inclined vortex stabilizer 74 makes it possible to access the inside of the cyclone housing 70.

Although the present invention is described in connection with specific options, it should be understood that this is done only for illustrative purposes and not for limitation. It is expected that describes a cyclone separator can be used for both dry and wet separation. In addition, the above characteristics can be applied to any cyclone separators, which use the same cyclone or two or more cyclones located in any combination of linear or parallel to the air flow. Next, despite the fact that the description of the present invention is made for vertical vacuum cleaner, the present invention can also be used for other forms of vacuum cleaners. Possible rational change disclosure and the following figures, made without going beyond being and scope of the present invention, which is defined by the attached claims.

1. The cleaner containing block cleansing heads with a suction nozzle, a source of suction, and the cyclone unit module, movably associated with the specified suction nozzle and the specified source of suction, and including Kama is the cyclone separator for the separation of dust and debris from the air generating a cyclonic flow of air, forming a vortex tail, and this camera cyclone separator has an inlet opening, a movably associated with the suction nozzle along the working air outlet for the discharge of purified air and the outlet of the emission of particles to clear dust and debris separated from the air, the collection of dirt, removable attached to the camera cyclone separator, and movably connected with the outlet of the emission of particles to collect dust and debris separated from the air in this chamber cyclone separator, and the stabilizer of the vortex, selectively fixed relative to the camera cyclone separator to move between a work position a given position relative to the camera cyclone separator and a non-working position, remote from the specified working position, in order to access the camera cyclone separator for removal of all collected dust and debris left after the cleaning process on the stabilizer vortex.

2. The vacuum cleaner according to claim 1, characterized in that the operating position of the specified stabilizer vortex perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the chamber cyclone separator.

3. The vacuum cleaner according to claim 2, characterized in that when the stabilizer vortex in the working position of the lower part of the chamber cyclone separator and specified with habilitator swirl together form the outlet of the emission of particles.

4. The vacuum cleaner according to claim 2, comprising a clamp for detachable retention of the specified stabilizer vortex in the working position.

5. The vacuum cleaner according to claim 1, also containing a grid on the outlet chamber cyclone separator in order to prevent dust and debris in the specified outlet.

6. The vacuum cleaner according to claim 5, characterized in that the outlet opening is limited by a cylindrical trough with an open end, and the said grating is mounted on an open end of the cylindrical chute.

7. The vacuum cleaner according to claim 1, characterized in that the stabilizer of the vortex is displaced relative to the Central vertical line in the dirt collection.

8. The vacuum cleaner according to claim 7, characterized in that the Central vertical line camera cyclone separator is displaced relative to the specified Central vertical line in the dirt collection.

9. The vacuum cleaner according to claim 1, characterized in that the stabilizer vortex hangs at least one wall attached to the camera cyclone separator.

10. The vacuum cleaner according to claim 1, wherein some portion of the stabilizer vortex stationary, regardless of whether the specified stabilizer vortex in the desktop or in the off position.

11. The vacuum cleaner according to claim 1, characterized in that the stabilizer of the vortex is located near the outlet of the emission of particles.

1. The vacuum cleaner according to claim 11, characterized in that the outlet of the emission of particles is formed by a gap in the lower part of the side walls of the chamber cyclone separator.

13. The vacuum cleaner according to claim 1, characterized in that the stabilizer of the vortex has a flat surface.

14. The vacuum cleaner according to claim 1, characterized in that the specified camera cyclone separator has one and only one outlet of the emission of particles.

15. The vacuum cleaner according to claim 1, characterized in that at least part of the said vortex stabilizer is attached obliquely to the camera cyclone separator.

16. The cleaner containing block cleansing heads with a suction nozzle, a source of suction, and the cyclone unit module, movably associated with the specified suction nozzle and the specified source of suction, and a camera including a cyclone separator for separation from the air of dust and debris generating a cyclonic flow of air, forming a vortex tail, and this camera cyclone separator has an inlet opening, a movably associated with the suction nozzle along the working air outlet for the discharge of purified air and the outlet of the emission of particles to clear dust and debris separated from the air, the dirt collection, movably connected with the outlet the emission of particles for collecting dust and debris that is dedicated from the air in this chamber cyclone separator, and the vortex stabilizer, mounted on the primary structure located above the bottom surface of the collection of dirt to keep the vortex tail at a given position relative to the specified camera cyclone separator.

17. The cleaner containing block cleansing heads with a suction nozzle, a source of suction, and the cyclone unit module, movably associated with the specified suction nozzle and the specified source of suction, and a camera including a cyclone separator for separation from the air of dust and debris generating a cyclonic flow of air, forming a vortex tail, and this camera cyclone separator has an inlet opening, a movably associated with the suction nozzle along the working air outlet for the discharge of purified air and the outlet of the emission of particles to clear dust and debris separated from the air, the dirt collection, movably associated with the specified output hole emission of particles to collect dust and debris separated from the air in this chamber cyclone separator, and the vortex stabilizer to hold the vortex tail at a given position relative to the camera cyclone separator, wherein at least one of the size and orientation of the specified stabilizer vortex regulated relative to closing the openings of the emission of particles.

18. The cleaner containing block cleansing heads with a suction nozzle, a source of suction, and the cyclone unit module, movably associated with the specified suction nozzle and the specified source of suction, and a camera including a cyclone separator for separation from the air of dust and debris generating a cyclonic flow of air, forming a vortex tail, and this camera cyclone separator has an inlet opening, a movably associated with the suction nozzle along the working air outlet for the discharge of purified air and the outlet of the emission of particles to clear dust and debris separated from the air, the dirt collection, movably associated with the specified output hole emission of particles to collect dust and debris separated from the air in the chamber cyclone separator, and a flexible stabilizer vortex to hold the vortex tail at a given position relative to the camera cyclone separator.

19. The vacuum cleaner on p, characterized in that said flexible material is an elastomer.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to vacuum cleaners of vertical type. The vacuum cleaner of vertical type is proposed with a valve of switching of suction tracts comprising a housing having a frame, a housing of the suction hole pivotally connected to the lower end of the housing frame, a hose communicated flow-type with the housing frame and the elongating tube, and a valve of switching of suction tracts located on the housing frame. The suction tract contains a crossover elastically supported in the suction tract with the ability to slide up and down. When the elongating tube enters into the mortice located on the frame of the housing or is taken out of it, the elongating tube can selectively convert the suction tract to the first tract passing from the housing of the suction opening to the dust collecting node, or to the second tract passing from the elongating tube to the dust collecting node.

EFFECT: invention is aimed at creation of a vacuum cleaner of vertical-type, which is made with the ability to select the suction tract from the housing of the suction opening or from the elongating tube attached to the housing of the vacuum cleaner so as to provide suction of dust from cleaned surface using the suction force generated in the work of the engine in the housing.

8 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to cleaning equipment and can be used in devices intended to collect various contaminants in industrial premises, including fire and explosion premises. Industrial vacuum cleaner comprises a housing with a lid, the main ejector, a suction hose with a nozzle. Industrial vacuum cleaner differs from the known ones in the fact that on the lid has two auxiliary ejectors are mounted, and the output of each auxiliary ejector is connected to the respective filter located in the housing cavity, and the passive input of each auxiliary ejector communicates with the atmosphere, the passive input of the main ejector is connected to the suction hose, and at the output of the main ejector a valve is mounted in the form of an elastic element, one of the outputs of the jet trigger with separate inputs is connected to the input of the jet discrete monostable element, and through the first delay element, with the control of the input of the first distribution valve, the second output of the jet trigger with separate inputs is connected to the control of input of the second distribution valve, direct output of jet discrete monostable element through the second delay element is connected with the input of the jet trigger with separate inputs by which it switches to a state when the compressed air is supplied to the control input of the second distribution valve, inverse output of the jet discrete monostable element via the third delay element is connected to the second input of the jet trigger with separate inputs, output of the second distribution valve, corresponding to the atmospheric input, is connected with active input of the main ejector, and the second output of this valve is connected to the feeding input of the first distribution valve, each of the outputs of the first distribution valve is connected to the active input of one of the auxiliary ejectors.

EFFECT: improved operational properties of the vacuum cleaner and simplification of maintenance.

4 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: portable cleaning device comprises the main body, in which there is a motor and a ventilator block for suction of air flow along the flow path passing between the inlet for dirty air and outlet for clean air. The device comprises a source of supply designed to supply to the motor, and a separation device arranged on the way of the air flow between the specified inlet and outlet for separation of dirt and dust from air flow. The separating device comprises a cyclone separator, having at least one first cyclone and several second cyclones arranged in parallel to each other and further along the way from one or every first cyclone.

EFFECT: invention provides for increased efficiency and capacity of suction, separation of fine dust and dirt particles without use of barrier means.

15 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a device for floor cleaning with a brush attachment, in which there is a brush roller installed with the possibility of rotation, and which has at least one suction nozzle arranged near the brush roller, and with a stand fixed on the brush attachment as capable of rotation, on which there is a suction device arranged, and also a reservoir for a liquid detergent, which is applied onto a floor surface to be cleaned, and a reservoir for dirty liquid to receive dirty liquid sucked by means of the suction device from the floor surface, at the same time the reservoir for liquid detergent and the reservoir for dirty liquid together form a structural assembly of reservoirs made with the possibility of split disconnection, differing by the fact that the reservoir (50) for liquid detergent is made as capable of split connection with the reservoir (48) for dirty liquid, besides, the reservoir (48) for dirty liquid has an accessible groove (88) aside, where the reservoir (50) is inserted for liquid detergent.

EFFECT: provision of the possibility to empty a reservoir for dirty liquid as a result of the fact that it is made as capable of split connection to a reservoir for detergent.

11 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a dust-collecting device, comprising a filter located inside a jacket body, including a hole for air suction and an outlet hole, and to an electric vacuum cleaner that comprises it. The first filter is located on the first inclined surface inclined at the angle of not more than 45 degrees relative to the axial direction (direction of an arrow X) of the flow channel, comprising a horizontal element inside the jacket body, so that a part of the first filter is located in a position A of the ledge on the form of the air suction hole. The dust almost does not stick to the first filter, and suction resistance may be ensured. It is not necessary to arrange the whole first filter next to the hole for air suction, so that a dust-collecting volume may be ensured, the filter are may be increased to prevent reduction of suction efficiency.

EFFECT: invention prevents reduction of suction efficiency to maintain suction and dust-collecting volume.

11 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a dust-separating device arranged in the appropriate receiving space limited by the main body of the vacuum cleaner, designed to separate dust particles from air flow and comprising the following components: a cyclone separator, a dust reservoir installed under the cyclone separator, to create the space for dust collection and design to hold dust particles separated in the cyclone separator, a driving device arranged in the main body of the vacuum cleaner, and a device to transfer a driving force of the driving device to the dust reservoir, besides, the dust reservoir comprises at least two reservoirs, and the driving device is made with the possibility to increase or reduce the space for dust collection by means of displacement of the specified two reservoirs relative to each other.

EFFECT: provision of the possibility to control volume of the dust separating device for convenience of usage.

13 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: turbine unit of a brush and a vacuum cleaner comprising it are proposed. The turbine unit of the brush includes a turbine body of the brush, the brush installed in the turbine body of the brush, and the turbine unit of the fan, which comprises multiple blades and rotates the brush. Each of many blades comprises a point of curvature, the primary surface, which the primary incoming air flow meets, being sucked into through an inlet part of the fan turbine unit, and the secondary surface, which the secondary incoming air flow meets. The primary and secondary incoming air flows act at surfaces in direction of the fan turbine unit rotation.

EFFECT: increased efficiency.

11 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to equipment of dust removal and cleaning and may be used in centralised vacuum dust cleaning systems in production premises in various fields of industry. A dust cleaning device comprises a set of dust cleaning nozzles 1 with handles 2 and flexible hoses 3, units of their connection to pipeline branches, a system of pipelines, an unloader 7 in the form of a gravity chamber, dry 8 and wet dust catchers 10 and a draught activator 12. The unloader 7 is equipped with a partition in the form of a curtain, plane of which is perpendicular to a direction of dust and air flow movement, at the same time the curtain is made of plates, every of which is installed in a cantilever manner in the upper part of the unloader body with the possibility to vary its length, angle of plate plane relative to direction of the dust and air flow movement and location along the length of the unloader 7.

EFFECT: provision of possibility to stabilise parameters of the process before entering the first stage of the dust catching.

1 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: in accordance with the invention concept, the portable cleaner appliance (10) contains contaminated air inlet (18), clean air outlet (24) and a separation device (100) removing contaminants and dust from the air flow during the air flow passage from the inlet (18) to the outlet (24). The separation device (100) contains a cyclone separator including a cyclone (102) and a collector (105). The collector (105) has a wall (104) and a base (116) which (116) is retained in the closed position with the help of a latch (120) and is connected to the wall (104) so that to enable turning. Additionally, the portable cleaner appliance contains the main body (12) including a drive (152) for control of the latch (120). The drive (152) contains a rod (154) mounted so that to enable relocation between the working position wherein the rod (154) contacts a part of the latch (120) so that the collector (105) can open for evacuation. Such design enables the user to open the latch (120) without contacting the collector (105).

EFFECT: invention ensures space-efficiency and reliability of the collector remote evacuation mechanism.

13 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: washing vacuum cleaner is proposed, comprising a reservoir (10), having an inlet hole (22) for air flow suction and an outlet hole leading towards the fan to create the section force, a unit (30) of a float valve, comprising a jacket (32) and a float element, moving relative to the jacket (32) to provide for closure of the outlet hole, at the same time the inlet hole (22) guides the sucked air flow for collision with the reflecting surface (40) of the jacket (32). The jacket (32) comprises a hole (54), leading towards an outlet hole, at the same time the hole (54) is arranged in the part of the jacket (32), inverted from the inlet hole (22), at the same time the jacket (32) is additionally equipped with a diverting facility (42) to divert colliding contaminating particles away from the hole (54).

EFFECT: improved efficiency of a vacuum cleaner.

19 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: domestic equipment for dry cleaning.

SUBSTANCE: vacuum cleaner includes housing in which dividing member with openings is arranged. Said member restricts aggregate compartment with lid having outlet openings and dust collector compartment with lid having inlet branch pipe. Preliminary filter closes openings of partition member. Air suction aggregate is placed in aggregate compartment on shock absorbers and it has inlet and outlet openings. In aggregate compartment there is duct for air flow that passes from outlet openings of air suction aggregate until outlet openings of lid of aggregate compartment. Partitions are arranged on bottom of housing of aggregate compartment. Reciprocal partitions are arranged on inner side of lid. Said air duct is restricted by said partitions, bottom of housing and inner surface of lid of aggregate compartment. In variant of invention in aggregate compartment of vacuum cleaner on bottom of housing there are partitions resting by their ends upon inner surface of lid of aggregate compartment. Air duct is formed by said partitions, bottom of housing and inner surface of lid of aggregate compartment. According to other variant of invention on inner surface of lid of housing there are partitions resting by their ends upon bottom of housing. Air duct is formed by said partitions, bottom of housing and inner surface of lid of aggregate compartment.

EFFECT: lowered size and mass at the same filtration degree of discharged air, reduced cost price of making easy-to-use vacuum cleaner.

3 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: vacuum cleaning.

SUBSTANCE: robot vacuum cleaner can be used for cleaning surfaces from dirt and dust while automatic moving without using hands of user to give the direction of motion. Robot vacuum cleaner has case provided with sucking-in hole for pulling dirt and dust from surface to be cleaned in, wheel disposed at lower part of case, air circulation mechanism intended for filtering pollution from air which brings the pollution inside sucking-in hole to provide subsequent feeding of air jet being free from dirt and dust to the holes made close to sucking-in holes. Rotating brush is mounted close to suck-in hole which brush is made for wipe dirt and dust to help the pollution to be separated from the surface to be cleaned. To isolate area between surface to be cleaned and case of vacuum cleaner there is a sealing member provided which member protrudes from lower surface of case to make contact with surface to be cleaned. The member is made in form of skirt to embrace holes for jets and suck-in hole to prevent dissipation of pollution out which pollutions are separated by pressure of air jets from holes and brush. Air circulation mechanism has circulation pump disposed inside case of vacuum cleaner, tube for sucking air in which connects circulation pump with suck-in hole, filter disposed inside tube for sucking air in and tube for air jet which tube connects circulation pump with holes for air jets.

EFFECT: improved efficiency.

4 cl, 2 dwg

Vacuum cleaner // 2253344

FIELD: vacuum cleaning equipment provided with apparatus for fluidic supply of air.

SUBSTANCE: vacuum cleaner is designed for blowing off dust from cleaned surface due to directing air flow discharged by means of operating motor with use of apparatus for fluidic supply of air and provides reliable joining of said apparatus with housing of vacuum cleaner without gap between them. Vacuum cleaner includes housing having chamber for collecting dust communicated with environment through suction hole and chamber for placing drive motor for creating evacuation in chamber for collecting dust; exhaust grid in lateral side of housing of vacuum cleaner for discharging air emitted from chamber for placing drive motor to environment; apparatus for fluidic supply of air movably joined with guides and having connector with enlarged portion whose cross section area gradually increases for covering exhaust grid. The last is provided with guides at both sides. Apparatus for fluidic supply of air includes in addition hose joined with connector; the last has protrusion for engaging with guide.

EFFECT: improved design, reliable operation.

6 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: equipment for vacuum cleaning.

SUBSTANCE: adapter is in the form of cylindrical hollow casing open from downwards and provided with elbow branch pipe arranged over central opening in lid of casing and also provided with pipe adjacent to inner cylindrical wall of casing and terminating by peripheral branch pipe over lid of casing. Large-diameter branch pipe is joined with elbow branch pipe. Bent tube whose end is directed opposite to flow of sucked air is arranged coaxially in large-diameter branch pipe. Other end of said bent tube passes through opening in wall of large-diameter branch pipe and it is connected with peripheral branch pipe.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of vacuum cleaner without complicating its design.

2 dwg

FIELD: vacuum cleaners having no dust bags providing possibility for easy removal of trapped dust and cleaning filter without change of dust filtering member.

SUBSTANCE: vacuum cleaner includes brush; drive electric motor for generating suction force; main housing with chamber for placing filter; dust suction tube whose one end is communicated with chamber for placing filter and whose other end is communicated with brush. Lid of main housing is joined with filtering unit for simplified placing filtering unit in chamber for filter and removing it from said chamber. Lid is made with possibility of locking in main housing.

EFFECT: improved design, simplified maintenance of vacuum cleaner.

16 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: suction equipment.

SUBSTANCE: suction apparatus has zone for sucking air and contaminants from the outside, container with water or other liquid, into which sucked substance is directed for primary mixing of air with water, and curvilinear channel arranged at container outlet end, with air and water being additionally mixed in said channel. Rotating dynamic separator is provided at outlet end of curvilinear channel for separating air from remaining particles and liquid. Apparatus is further equipped with turbine driven by engine and adapted for passage of air mass therethrough before it is discharged to the outside, and transfer channel provided within container and adapted for transferring of liquid separated from air mass.

EFFECT: increased quality of filtering exit air.

7 cl, 17 dwg

FIELD: vacuum cleaners that may be used for removing dirt and dust by suction from cleaned surface and also by blowing off dust stuck to curtains and window frames.

SUBSTANCE: vacuum cleaner includes casing with certain inner space; unit for creating suction effort and mounted in casing; joined with casing adapter unit for cleaning and forming flow through duct for discharging contamination outside; mounted in casing unit for filtering dust loaded air sucked from outside. In casing there is device for switching flow-through ducts for selectively switching flow-through duct for air flowing between adapter unit, filtering unit, between filtering unit and suction effort creating unit. Tubes providing flow-through ducts for air flowing between adapter unit, filtering unit and suction effort creating unit and device for switching flow-through ducts also are arranged in casing. Among those tubes there are tube for connecting adapter unit at side of device for switching flow-through ducts; main inlet tube arranged between device for switching flow-through ducts and filtering unit; guiding tube for connecting filtering unit with suction effort creating unit; main outlet tube connected with suction effort creating unit for discharging outside air flowing from filtering unit to suction effort creating unit; additional outlet tube for connecting device for switching flow-through ducts with main outlet tube. Device for switching flow-through ducts includes body of valve stationary mounted on casing and forming several through openings communicated with tube for connecting adapter unit, main inlet tube and additional outlet tube and valve for switching flow-through ducts mounted with possibility of rotation in body of valve for providing ducts communicated with said several through openings. In variant of invention adapter unit united with casing of vacuum cleaner is used for suction of dust from downwards together with air by action of created suction effort and for discharging environmental air sucked from outside. Device for switching flow-through ducts is connected with adapter unit, filtering unit and suction effort creating unit with possibility of selectively switching flow-through duct for guiding dust laden sucked air by action of created suction effort. Said device may be used for creating flow of environmental air fed by means of device for switching flow-through ducts to adapter unit.

EFFECT: enlarged using range of vacuum cleaner.

16 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: processes for collecting dust, cleaning rooms, removing dust from electronic devices, industrial equipment.

SUBSTANCE: method comprises steps of using controlled compressed air pulses for tearing-off dust particles from rigid surface in hard-to-reach places, for mixing dust particles with air and then for removing them by means of pulses of directed suction flows of air created with use of vacuum cleaner. In suction zone upon dust stuck to surface of cleaned object pulses of directed compressed air flows are acted for tearing dust particle from surface by means of compressed air stream and for mixing them with air. At process of cleaning changing characteristics of compressed air pulses, orientation and shape of air streams while changing frequency of compressed air pulses, their duty factor, amplitude of flow rate and pressure of compressed air according to condition providing maximum activation of dust without damaging members. Pulses of compressed air flows are applied by bursts during phase of dust activation. At cleaning process number of pulses in bursts, shape, duty factor, frequency of pulses, duty factor of pulse bursts are changed according to condition providing maximum rate of dust activation for cleaned surface. Novelty is feed of train of short pulses in phase of dust activation before feeding one long pulse in order to create pulsating flows of compressed air providing pressure drop. It allows accelerate dust particle tearing from surface due to creation of pulsating turbulent air flows near cleaned surface. Dust-laden air is sucked by means of pulses of directed suction flows of air. Method may be used in home and industrial rooms for cleaning complex-profile surfaces.

EFFECT: enhanced quality and rate of cleaning complex-profile articles.

4 cl

FIELD: mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: brush unit comprises brush main body having air suction aperture, turbine located within chamber for turbine, said chamber being equipped with air channel, and connection pipe adapted for connecting main casing of vacuum cleaner with main body of brush. Connection pipe is additionally provided with inlet part. Turbine is accommodated only within part of air channel and is positioned centrally of inlet part of connection pipe so as to overlap central portion of inlet part of connecting pipe. Brush unit is used as part of vacuum cleaner.

EFFECT: increased cleaning efficiency and reduced noise created by vacuum cleaner.

6 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: mechanical engineering, in particular, supporting apparatus for vacuum cleaner.

SUBSTANCE: supporting apparatus for elongation tube of vacuum cleaner has casing member attached to elongation tube of vacuum cleaner, and supporting member cooperating with casing member for rotation between first position, wherein supporting member functions as support for elongation tube, and second position, wherein supporting member is folded toward casing member. Casing member consists of first and second casing parts adapted for cooperation with one another around elongation tube and correspondingly comprising pivot joint slot. Supporting member has pair of pivotal protrusions adapted for rotating insertion into pivot joint slot. Supporting apparatus of elongation tube is utilized in vacuum cleaner.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and convenient utilization of vacuum cleaner.

12 cl, 5 dwg

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