Method of plant cultivation

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of plant cultivation. The method includes filling the open latticed shell, made of durable waterproof fibers, with filler comprising sawdust mixed with perlite and plant seeds. After filling the shell is bound, and the closed latticed shell is obtained with filler in the form of a blank, having the properties of flexibility and plastic deformation. Further, it is deformed from all its sides and by crumpling it and sculpting three-dimensional shape of moulding; it is attached from the outside with cotton threads, which are located on its perimetre to give rigidity to the blank, allowing to keep the obtained shape. Then the blank is dried in a drying chamber for 40-60 hours at the temperature of 40-50C and air humidity of 40-60% to give it a potential rigidity and dryness, eliminating crushing of the blank during its transportation to the place of plant growth. Then the obtained blank is periodically dipped in water or a nutrient solution based on water, kept in water until sawdust is fully saturated with water, expose to sunlight and kept in the light. The above operations are carried out until germination through the cells of the latticed shell of the plant sprouts and their appearance on the outer surface of the shell, and then they are stopped dipping into the water, and the water is supplied on the latticed shell by its irrigation.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of plant growth and ensuring environmental cleanliness in its cultivation.

3 cl, 19 dwg

 

These technical decisions relate to devices and methods for growing plants in conditions close to natural conditions, they also relate to methods of manufacturing tools for growing plants and the basis for cultivation, which is included with the tools to grow and it is the main part that performs essentially the function of the humus of the earth. Technical solutions are designed for use in the cultivation mainly ornamental plants, and they can be used for growing useful flowers and herbs.

From world-class well-known method of growing plants in the means of growing in containers, shells, trays, with a nutritional basis of natural or artificial origin.

In particular, there is a method of cultivation of green fodder, characterized in that serrasalmidae mass lay in the means of cultivation (pallet) with the substrate, which is used as chopped straw, and then pour the mass to obtain green shoots (SU 1784169, publ. 30.12.1992 and SU 1436946, publ. 15.11.1988).

It is also known remedy for growing plants, including cultivation vessel in which is located a layer of organo-mineral rooting medium and a layer of fine-grained blagopodstvo material (S 988241, 15.01.1983).

Known shell for the cultivation of biological objects from an elastic material in the form of a bag (SU 1836419, 23.08.1993, similar to US 4311477, 19.01.1982 US 4063383, 20.12.1977).

There is a method of growing plants in vegetative vessels (SU 858676, publ. 30.08.1981).

Known soil mixture for growing greenhouse plants containing lignin, earth, humus as fertilizer, while the lignin is pre-neutralized with lime (SU 707547, publ. 05.01.1980).

Known artificial soil containing voodoobilly spatial polymer in a given quantity wt.%, fractional composition, biological insecticides and fungicides, sodium benzoate, ascorbic acid, natural porous mineral group perlite (EN 2345518, 10.02.2007).

Known means and methods of cultivation are not applicable for growing plants indoors from the point of view of the efficiency of cultivation and ecological purity. In this case, the efficiency of cultivation in this case refers to the complexity of care for cultivated plant that meets the speed and quality of plant growth.

The technical result of the invention is to increase the efficiency of plant growth and ensuring environmental cleanliness when it is growing.

The technical result obtained by the method of growing plants by way of growing plants, vkljuchajuwih the filling of the open-mesh shell, made of durable waterproof yarn, filler, including sawdust, mixed with perlite and seeds of plants, after filling the open mesh shell filler fasten the envelope and get a closed mesh shell with a filler in the form of a billet having the properties of flexibility and plastic deformation, further deform the workpiece with its different sides and by collapse and modeling give the harvesting three-dimensional shape of the mould, put it outside cotton threads, which have on its perimeter to give the workpiece rigidity, allowing you to save the resulting form, then the workpiece is dried in a drying chamber within 40-60 hours at a temperature of 40-50C and humidity of 40-60% for giving her the calculated hardness and dryness, excluding compaction of the workpiece during transportation to the place of growing plants, then the resulting workpiece periodically dip into the water or nutrient solution on the basis of water, soak in water until fully saturated sawdust water, expose to sunlight and stand in the light, these operations are performed until germination through the cells of the retina sprouts plants and their appearance on the outer surface of the shell, then stop dipping into the water and provide water supply to the nervous tunic putamen watering.

The shell is made of nylon threads. The method uses a filler containing sawdust, mixed with perlite in a ratio of wt.%: sawdust - 94-96%, perlite - 4-6%, with a specified mass of sawdust added growth in the amount of 0.5-1% by weight of sawdust, and in a specified weight of perlite fertilizer in the amount of 2-5% by weight of perlite.

The drawings are shown flow diagrams illustrating a method of manufacturing a tool for plant growth, as well as diagrams explaining a method of growing, in particular:

figure 1 shows open on two sides billet mesh shell made of durable waterproof filaments, such as filaments of nylon (as an example execution - cut nylon stocking with manual production capacity);

figure 2 - open with one hand harvesting with tied one end for manual manufacturing the membrane;

figure 3 - open with one hand harvesting tied with one end located inside the tank after turning her inside out with handmade shell;

figure 4 is filled with the filler reticulated shell - procurement tools for growing plants with one open end;

figure 5 is filled with a filler mesh shell with tied its other end;

figure 6 - closed spherical shell with Napo is the preserver in it after deformation of the workpiece by its collapse in different directions;

figure 7 is obtained from the procurement method for deforming tool for plant growth in a model of the hemisphere;

on Fig - drying process tools for cultivation in the drying chamber;

figure 9 - impregnation process water tools for growing plants;

figure 10 - germinated seeds in a medium for plant growth under conditions of exposure to the light source;

figure 11 is a means for growing plants in working with couched on its outer surface, the shoots of plants;

on Fig shows the operation of spraying in the capacity layer of sawdust with a thickness of 0.8-1.2 cm growth in the manufacture of filler;

on Fig - operation of hydration capacity of sawdust with water after processing by the growth in the manufacture of filler;

on Fig - operation spraying in the capacity layer of perlite thickness of 0.3-0.7 cm fertilizer in the manufacture of filler;

on Fig - mixing process in the capacity of sawdust and perlite in the manufacture of filler;

on Fig - operation, explaining the manufacture of the workpiece closed mesh shell of the roll of mesh shell with mechanical continuous manufacturing process;

on Fig - operation, explaining the fabrication preform shell by welding the end of the workpiece during mechanical continuous manufacturing process

on Fig - operation, explaining the manufacture of a closed shell by turning inside out of the workpiece during mechanical continuous manufacturing process;

on Fig shows the basis for plant growth.

The growing method is illustrated by tool 1 for cultivation (Fig.7), which contains a closed mesh sheath 2 (figure 5), made of durable waterproof filaments, such as filaments of nylon. The shell 2 is part of the framework 3 (Fig), which, in addition to shell, has two main components - sawdust and mixed with them perlite. The base 3 is part of the filler, which, in addition to the basics, includes seeds 4 plants. The base 3 is compressed from all sides closed mesh sheath 2, which has an estimated elasticity when it is stretching. Seeds 4 are also in a compressed state in the array of sawdust and perlite. In addition, the basis and seeds in the shell in the off position means 1 in the dried state or, at least, in a state with the minimum humidity, percentage value which does not allow to germinate seeds in the tool 1 growing without adding water.

Pillar 3 is an artificially created construct that contains interacting certain particle sizes of wood filing is to, particles of perlite covered outside mesh shell 2, while the size of the particles of sawdust and perlite linked with seed sizes 4 and the size of the grid cells in the retina.

Element of structurally and functionally related. They interact in terms of their permanent tucked up to each other mesh shell 2 inside solid Foundation in the off position means 1 cultivation. Part 3 compressed mesh shell 2 from all sides due to the tension of the shell due to internal stresses dried mixture of sawdust and perlite.

A method of growing plants is characterized by the fact that at the beginning of the growing plants dried in the drying chamber means 1 for cultivation (Fig.9) dip in the water 5 in the tub 6, or dip the tool 1 in the nutrient solution on the basis of water. After that, the tool 1 is kept in water until fully saturated sawdust and perlite with water. Next, the tool 1 is removed from the water and put on a dry pan under the action of sunlight (figure 10) or other light source. Withstand the tool 1 on the light within time set mode of cultivation, until the evaporation of the tool 1 of the specified amount of water after evaporation which germination is slowed down. Perlite, which is in sawdust in a given proportion, SLE is due to its properties prevents excessively rapid evaporation of water from the base 3 while the means 1 under the action of heat and light.

After this, the aforementioned operation is repeated and hold them until germination through the cells of the retina sprouts 2 7 plants (figure 10). After the shoots of the plants on the outer surface of the retina 2 dipping in the water means 1 stop the flow of water into the base 3 is carried out by its irrigation on the mesh surface of the shell 2.

Provides a method of manufacturing means 1 for plant growth. The method is characterized by the fact that for the manufacture of tools 1 cultivation closed mesh sheath 2 (6) and the prior base 3, which is placed in the shell 2 and compresses it to the shell 2, for example, strained on the surface of the turns of the threads 8, and the turns of the threads when the tension of the stretch yarn of the sheath 2, and the threads of the shell having elasticity, also compress the basis of 3 from all its sides, evenly redistributing the compression force of from 8 threads on the threads of the shell. Thread 8 are preferably made of cotton and they scarcely are located on the outer surface of the mesh shell 2 in different directions. Thread made of cotton do not exclude the use of filaments of flax or filaments of any other known organic or synthetic material. Closed mesh sheath 2 made of durable waterproof yarn of nylon or other known threads, or shell, obtained m the mode of plastic deformation thin solid billet of plastic composition with the formation of cells, forming a grid has cells, each of which is in the extended position is less than the individual particles 3 and the seed particles 4. The dimensions of the cell membrane are selected so that each said particle means 1 for growing slightly, not more than 30% of its maximum size, extend beyond the outer surface of the retina and remained in her cell.

For the manufacture of tools 1 use a hollow open on two sides with a grid of 9 (figure 1), from which the first form open mesh capacity 10 (2) by setting the node 11 at one end of the grid 9. Thus obtained the open tank 10 turn inside out so that the node 11 was inside an open tank 10, as shown in figure 3. In this position the open tank 10 is a nylon mesh bag. Fill the open tank 10 filler (figure 4), having a natural moisture content corresponding to the humidity of the surrounding air. After that, the filler - sawdust with perlite and mixed them with seeds 4 plants close in the vessel 10, which tied the second node 12 at the end of the vessel 10 and receive the workpiece 13 (6). The workpiece 13 perform flexible and malleable, which in a closed mesh sheath 2 leave blank filler space at the specified moisture content of sawdust that is allows to deform the workpiece 13 with its different sides by crumbling. Give the harvesting volume 13, for example a spherical shape, as shown in Fig.6. The method of molding of the preform 13 create a molding in the form of a fine shape models, for example models of the hemisphere 14 (Fig.7). The shape of the model may be different, geometric or another.

When doing this fix stucco model 14 outside cotton threads 8, which are shrink-fitted on the perimeter of the model of the hemisphere 14 in different ways, corresponding to the shape of the model 14 directions. After that, the tool 1 growing acquires initial stiffness. Intensely dry the tool 1 in the drying chamber 15 (Fig) together with other means of cultivation within 40-60 hours at a temperature of 40-50C and humidity of 40-60%. As a result, the tool 1 cultivation becomes final settlement rigidity needed to grow in it of the plant and save the form when it is dipping into the water. After drying means 1 in the chamber 15 remains in the dried state, and the base 3 and the seeds 4, located in the mesh casing 2 also remain in a pre-compressed state. After drying means 1 acquires a higher estimated stiffness that allows you to package and transport the tool 1 is set for growing plants. With finite rigidity among the STV 1 excludes sprouting seeds in it before feeding it water.

For the implementation of the methods use the filler, which more specifically includes sawdust, mixed with perlite in the ratio, wt.%: sawdust - 94-96; perlite - 6-4%. In addition, the sawdust before mixing them with the seeds enter a growth promoter, for example, Appin in the ratio of wt.%: sawdust - 99,5-99; growth - 0.5 to 1. In the perlite before mixing it with sawdust injected fertilizer, such as uniflow, in the ratio, wt.%: perlite - 98-95; fertilizer - 2-5.

The base 3 and the filler for plant growth are made as follows. In the vessel 16 (Fig) spread a layer 17 of sawdust, each particle of which has overall lock size (in the light) in the range of 0.8-1.2 cm from the sprayer 18 is treated sawdust stimulator 19 growth in the above ratio. If you need a large amount of filler this operation is repeated in the tank 16 repeatedly, which consistently treated stimulator of the first layer 17 of sawdust spread the next layer of sawdust, which is also treated with a growth stimulant in this way. Treated stimulator of sawdust hydrate in the tank 16 water 20 (Fig).

At the same time in another capacity 21 spread a layer 22 of perlite, each particle of which the light is passing overall size of 0.3-0.7 cm, and sprinkle this layer adobr is of 23. If you need a large amount of pearlite this operation is repeated in the tank 21 repeatedly, which consistently on the treated fertilizer the first layer of perlite 22 post it for the next layer, which is also treated with fertilizer as described above.

Then in the tank 24 (Fig) agitator 25 is stirred and treated with a growth stimulant sawdust with perlite, processed fertilizer, and get the mix for the production of 3. Mix sawdust with perlite placed in mesh shell 2 and receive base 3 for plant growth. Next, enter the seeds 4 to the base 3 through the cells of the retina with a special tool, distributing seeds in the array bases on the specified schema. In another embodiment, when mixing sawdust with perlite seeds 4 is introduced into the resulting mixture while stirring. Together with the seeds resulting mixture in its final form is a filler.

In any of the above options manufacturing base 3 after it was made fill mesh shell 2 filler as shown in figure 4 and 5, tighten the shell 2 threads 8 and get the tool 1 for plant growth.

This manufacturing base, filler and means for growing applicable for both manual and mechanical flow of the manufacturing process with PR the application of mechanized means of production.

For manual manufacturing process fundamentals of the operation of its preparation can be performed sequentially in the same container.

When the engine manufacturing process of the base and filler used, for example, the Bay 26 (Fig), which roll out mesh shell 27, cut off the shell with scissors 28, receive segment 29 of the shell, weld or fasten one end of the device 30, and then a special tool, turn inside out thus obtained preparation (Fig). The result is an open mesh container with an open end, a similar open mesh container, which is shown in figure 3 position 10. Further known mesh shell 2 is filled with base 3 without seeds or filled with seeds, tie or weld the other end of the shell and then make model means 1 for cultivation in the manner described above.

Means for growing plants in the process of its operation in the conditions of the room can be laid out on a pallet to avoid getting water on the floor or table. It may, in the course of its operation in the outdoors is also laid out on the ground or on the lawn or prepared for growing grass, for example, the field of the stadium to ensure the possibility of germination the roots of plants in the soil, feed the plants with the moisture of the soil, as well as about the level strong links with the ground, providing within the specified limits resistance means for its shift relative to the ground and crushing. In combination with other agents having the same or different dimensions in length, width and height, means for plant growth can be used to cover plants large areas and territories in various combinations in order to obtain functional and spectacular effect.

1. A method of growing plants comprising filling an open-mesh shell, made of durable waterproof yarn, filler, including sawdust, mixed with perlite and seeds of plants, after filling the open mesh shell filler fasten the envelope and get a closed mesh shell with a filler in the form of a billet having the properties of flexibility and plastic deformation, further deform the workpiece with its different sides and by collapse and modeling give the harvesting three-dimensional shape of the mould, put it outside cotton threads, which have on its perimeter to give the workpiece rigidity, allowing you to save the resulting form, then the workpiece is dried in the drying chamber within 40-60 hours at a temperature of 40-50C and humidity of 40-60% for giving her the calculated hardness and dryness, excluding compaction of the workpiece when it tra is spartanovka to the place of plant growth, next, the resulting billet periodically dip into the water or nutrient solution on the basis of water, soak in water until fully saturated sawdust water, expose to sunlight and stand in the light, these operations are performed until germination through the cells of the retina sprouts plants and their appearance on the outer surface of the shell, then stop dipping into the water and provide water supply to mesh shell by irrigation.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the shell is made of nylon threads.

3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the use of filler containing sawdust, mixed with perlite in the ratio, wt.%: sawdust - 94-96, perlite - 4-6, with a specified mass of sawdust added growth in the amount of 0.5-1% by weight of sawdust, and the specified weight of perlite fertilizer in the amount of 2-5% by weight of perlite.



 

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3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method includes preliminary soaking of seeding material by activated water with pH 8-10, produced by means of electrolysis. Seeds soaking is carried out in rarefied medium at the presssure of 650-680 mm of mercury column with simultaneous mixing for 5-9 minutes with drum rotation frequency of 10 rpm.

EFFECT: invention will make it possible to reduce period of seeds germination, to increase germinating ability and energy of seeds growth.

1 tbl, 1 ex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the field of agriculture and hydroponics. The method applies arrangement of terraces, including bulldoser arrangement as well. Vertical walls are reinforced with protective panels fixed by means of fastening cords that outgo from piled anchoring at higher slope horizons or on the opposite side of a slope. The terrace base is protected with decks, under which there are the support pedestals of cultivation pipes and pipelines of nutrient solution circulation system, as well as the main reservoir with a working nutrient solution in case of its underground arrangement. Lines of drain pipes that collect water in accumulator tanks are placed between fastening cords. The system comprises cultivation pipes, support pedestals, manifolds of nutrient solution circulation, arranged on terraces. The terraces on slopes are arranged with protective panels reinforced with fastening cords, between which there are lines of drain pipes that remove moisture from slope soil into an accumulator tank with its subsequent use for domestic and/or process purposes. The nutrient solution circulation system is arranged with the possibility to arrange the main reservoir with the working nutrient solution in a place, which is protected from overheating and exposure to cold - under ground, in a niche of the vertical terrace wall. A vertical stand with a nozzle to spray nutrient solution is located inside a cultivation pipe and is protected against overheating and exposure to cold. Cultivation pipes are connected by fastening links and are fixed with braces that increase the structure stability under impact of wind loads.

EFFECT: group of inventions makes it possible to grow vegetables and fruit in intensive mode on slopes.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to the field of agriculture and hydroponics. The method applies arrangement of terraces, including bulldoser arrangement as well. Vertical walls are reinforced with protective panels fixed by means of fastening cords that outgo from piled anchoring at higher slope horizons or on the opposite side of a slope. The terrace base is protected with decks, under which there are the support pedestals of cultivation pipes and pipelines of nutrient solution circulation system, as well as the main reservoir with a working nutrient solution in case of its underground arrangement. Lines of drain pipes that collect water in accumulator tanks are placed between fastening cords. The system comprises cultivation pipes, support pedestals, manifolds of nutrient solution circulation, arranged on terraces. The terraces on slopes are arranged with protective panels reinforced with fastening cords, between which there are lines of drain pipes that remove moisture from slope soil into an accumulator tank with its subsequent use for domestic and/or process purposes. The nutrient solution circulation system is arranged with the possibility to arrange the main reservoir with the working nutrient solution in a place, which is protected from overheating and exposure to cold - under ground, in a niche of the vertical terrace wall. A vertical stand with a nozzle to spray nutrient solution is located inside a cultivation pipe and is protected against overheating and exposure to cold. Cultivation pipes are connected by fastening links and are fixed with braces that increase the structure stability under impact of wind loads.

EFFECT: group of inventions makes it possible to grow vegetables and fruit in intensive mode on slopes.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, soil-free growing of plants in special devices for exposing plant roots to nutritive aerosol.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has vertical pipe used as carrier member for bed and equipped with plant receiving openings arranged in any order. Plants are supported by means of holders resting with their lower edges upon lower edge of opening. Upper part of holder is tightly fixed in, for example, rings of fastening band. Nozzle fixed in upper (narrow) end of pipe is adapted for spraying of nutritive solution aerosol containing gas mixtures. High conical towers-ridges provide for ecologically clean management, since outbursts of liquid nutritive solutions may be utilized by other plants, for example, fruit trees growing beyond greenhouse or nearby, in open ground. Apparatus may be used for decorative purposes on grounds not suitable for plant growing and for agricultural purposes.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and minimal usage of areas of open ground, as well as of greenhouse.

2 cl, 4 dwg

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