Method of improvement of quality of planting material of gladiolus

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of agriculture. The method includes application of sewage sludge into the soil and processing the plants with biostimulant, as which the organosilicone immunostimulant adaptogen Mival-Agro is used at a concentration of 0.05%. Peeled and notched gladiolus bulbil with a diameter of 4-7 mm is placed in a solution of Mival Agro and is kept in a warm place up to 12 hours, after which the imbibed bulbil is powdered with ash of buckwheat husk and planted in the soil. In addition, ash of buckwheat husk of 100 g/m2 is applied into the soil, and sewage sludge is applied at a dose of 12 kg/m2.

EFFECT: method enables to improve the commercial properties and to obtain healthy planting material of gladiolus.

2 tbl, 3 ex

 

The invention relates to the field of agriculture, and in particular to methods of improving the quality of planting material of gladiolus.

There is a method of improving the quality of planting material of gladiolus by application as fertilizer sewage sludge at a dose of 6 kg/m2, biostimulant sodium HUMATE. Patent No. 2277772, CL A01G 13/00.

The disadvantage of this method is unreliable protection of plants from stress, extreme temperatures. The use of sewage sludge as organic-mineral fertilizers, does not solve completely the problem of satisfaction of plants with all the necessary nutrients, especially potassium. Not considered additional planting material from children of gladiolus.

In addition, the known method does not solve the tasks of raising quality planting material of gladiolus at the lowest cost, due to the receipt of clujnapoca of children.

The task of the invention is to improve the quality of planting material of gladiolus by getting healthy, larger clujnapoca, the increase in the mass replacement globalwave and reducing attack during storage.

To solve the problem in a known way to improve the quality of planting material of gladiolus, including the land application of sewage sludge and treatment plants is s biostimulant sodium HUMATE, according to the invention, as biostimulant use silicone adjuvant, an adaptogen Mival-agro at a concentration of 0.05%, which put the cleaned and cut the baby gladiolus with a diameter of 4-7 mm and kept in a warm room for up to 12 hours, after which the swollen baby optivault ash buckwheat husks and planted in the soil, in addition, soil making ash buckwheat husk 100 g/m2and sewage sludge at a dose of 12 kg/m2.

Mival-agro - based drug organosilicon 1 climaterelated known as Mival and turns it phytohormonal similar from the group of the auxin - triethanolammonium salt orthocresolate acid. Well-chosen composition synergistically interacting compounds and optimum quality ratio of ingredients determine a wide range of drug action and high physiological activity. For efficiency, broad range of applications and their properties, environmental safety Mival-agro exceeds existing analogues is considered to be the regulator of the growth of a new generation.

Ash buckwheat husk contains 30 items that are needed for plants: potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur, boron, manganese and other Ash, Podlachia acidic soil (pH of 10.5), helps the microorganisms intense rasla is the substance of organic matter and turn it into available plant nitrogen compounds, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, potassium. Ash is the key to the storeroom of nutrients for plants, making ash reduces the acidity. After heat treatment, the ash does not contain weed seeds and harmful bacteria that cause plant diseases.

For the implementation of the method, experiments were conducted in triplicate on the example of gladioli.

Clean and cut the baby gladiolus placed in a 0.05% solution Mival-agro and kept in a warm room for up to 12 hours. Swollen babe optivault ash buckwheat husks and planted in the soil. Sewage sludge contribute under the plowing. Ash buckwheat husks make when planting the kids. In the control variant children stood in the water.

The scheme of Mival-agro, ash buckwheat husks and wastewater sludge:

1. Experience in control;

2. Experience - Mival-agro 0,05%;

3. Experience - Mival-agro 0,05% + dusting ash + ash buckwheat husk 100 g/m2, sewage sludge (WWS) 12 kg/m2.

The experiments were carried out in 2007-2010

The area of each plot of 10 m2.

The effectiveness of Mival-agro, ash buckwheat husks and sewage sludge was evaluated by germination children gladiolus, weight and diameter of the forming corms, reduce attack during storage.

Example 1. Before boarding children in the soil of their pre-soaked in water and kept in a warm room for 12 hours, the Percentage of dropped out children was 35.2, accordingly, the germination - 64,8%. The mass and diameter of the corms were significantly lower than these figures corms from the skilled plot. Mass replacement globalwave was 12.3 g, the diameter of clujnapoca - 5.1 cm, attack of clujnapoca from stress and disease was 12.6%, retention time - 12%.

Example 2. Different from the previous ones, peeled and cut kids gladiolus before landing stood a 0.05% solution Mival-agro in a warm place for 12 hours and then planted in the soil. The positive effect of Mival-agro was recorded on the following parameters: germination children of gladiolus was 82.9%. Mass replacement globalwave 27,2%in the diameter of clujnapoca 6.1 cm, attack of clujnapoca from stress and disease was 8.4%, when stored - 9%.

Example 3. Different from the previous ones, peeled and cut kids gladiolus before landing stood a 0.05% solution Mival-agro in a warm place for 12 hours, outrival ash, and then planted in soil with the addition of 100 g/m2ash buckwheat husks and 12 kg/m2sewage sludge under the plowing. It has been noted that high positive impact Mival-agro, ash buckwheat husks and sewage sludge on field germination children. Revealed a low percentage of dropped out children - 6, therefore, the germination of 94%. Weight globalwave in a pilot project would be the and 2.3 times more in comparison with clubnelukovic, grown in control and accounted for 35.9 g, the diameter of clujnapoca increased by 2.9 cm and was equal to 8.3 see Attack of clujnapoca from stress and disease was 2,1, attack of clujnapoca during storage was 6%.

Table 1
The influence of Mival-agro, ash buckwheat husks and sewage sludge on the weight and diameter of the corms of gladiolus
Options experienceGermination children gladiolus, %Mass replacement globalwave, gThe diameter of clujnapoca, cmAttack of clujnapoca from stress and disease, %Attack of clujnapoca during storage, %
Control64,812,35,112,6to 12.0
Mival-agro 0,05%82,927,26,18,49,0
Mival-agro 0,05% + dusting kids ash + ash 100 g/m2+ WWS 12 kg/m294,0 35,98,32,16,0

The application Mival-agro, ash buckwheat husks and sewage sludge increased the germination children gladiolus, mass and diameter of the forming corms, decreased the number of corms affected by stress and disease.

Application Mival-agro, ash buckwheat husks and sewage sludge managed to improve the quality of planting material. The number of corms 1 parse increased by 44.5 units and $ 86.7 pieces

Table 2
The influence of Mival-agro, ash buckwheat husks and sewage sludge on the quality of planting material of gladiolus
Options experienceThe number of corms, PCs/m2
I parseII parsingIII parse
Control42,253,34,5
Mival-agro 0,05%55,6of 37.86,6
Mival-agro 0,05% + dusting kids ash + ash 100 g/m2+ WWS 12 kg/m286,713,30

Thus, the introduction of sewage sludge into the soil at a dose of 12 kg/m2, ash buckwheat husks when planting clujnapoca at a dose of 100 g/m2immersion children of gladiolus in 0.05% solution of silicone immunostimulant Mival-agro, notching and dusting their ashes help to improve product quality and to get healthy planting material of gladioli.

The way to improve the quality of planting material of gladiolus, including the land application of sewage sludge and treatment plant biostimulant, characterized in that as biostimulant use silicone adjuvant, an adaptogen Mival-agro at a concentration of 0.05%, which put the cleaned and cut the baby gladiolus with a diameter of 4-7 mm and kept in a warm room until 12 h, after which the swollen baby optivault ash buckwheat husks and planted in the soil, in addition, soil making ash buckwheat husk 100 g/m2and sewage sludge at a dose of 12 kg/m2.



 

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