Method to manufacture floor panel with high antiskid properties
SUBSTANCE: method to manufacture a floor panel (1), including a bearing board (2) and a decorative layer (3) applied onto the upper side of the bearing board (2), consists in the fact that the decorative layer (3) is pressed in a press with heat supply to the bearing board (2), besides, when pressing with the help of a stamping tool in th surface (8) of the decorative layer (3) a surface structure (10) is arranged, which serves to imitate a wood pattern or a different material. When pressing with the help of a stamping tool, microgrooves (9) are arranged in the surface (8) of the decorative layer (3), where a surface structure is imposed, also comprising grooves, which in their dimensions are much larger than microgrooves.
EFFECT: invention provides for antiskid properties of a panel.
8 cl, 2 dwg
The invention concerns a method of manufacturing a floor panel, comprising a carrier plate and deposited on the upper side of the carrier plate decorative layer.
The prior art floor panel with the bearing plate, which are made of wood chips or wood fibers with the addition of adhesives and/or resins by pressing in the press for wood-based panels, resulting in, for example, fibrous plates medium density (MDF boards) or fibrous plates of high density (HDF-plate). Typically, the carrier plate thus manufactured in a continuous process, and then cut out in a saw-setting.
The decorative layer includes, as a rule, sealed paper, which are impregnated with melamine resin and together with the upper layer or, respectively, the protective layer is pressed in a reduced state in a press under high temperature and pressure on the carrier plate. When napressovyvanie decorative layer on the carrier plate is obtained laminate plate, which is then split into separate floor panel.
In addition, the prior art method of performing using patterns stamping stamping tool, press in the decorative layer patterns to give the floor, which consists of floor panels, natural appearance. If the decorative layer is, for example, the R, to simulate a wooden floor, with a stamped hollow sealed under a tree decorative paper gives the impression of wood pores or texture of wood. For example, from WO 2001/096689 A1 or US 2002/0014047 A1 famous laminate panel with decorative paper under the tree, and decorative paper applied a transparent layer with grooves that almost passed the figure of a tree. From EP 1820574 known method of application roller for embossing for the application of surface structure on the panel.
In addition, from DE 19518270 C1-known anti-slip floor coating, the surface of which is made lenticular, with sharp edges, very shallow depressions. These microcrater should act like a vacuum to the suction cups by which the floor has a high anti-slip properties. Thus these microcrater performed in the surface of the flooring through targeted set of laser pulses. In the manufacture of floor panels, the decorative layer and the supporting plate which are pressed in the press, it would lead to an additional step of processing, which must be applied relatively expensive technology.
Therefore, the basis of the invention is to provide a method with which you can easily and inexpensively produce Napoli the s panels with high anti-slip properties.
Underlying the invention the task is solved by the combination of characteristics in claim 1. The preferred embodiments are contained in the dependent clauses.
A method of manufacturing a floor panel according to paragraph 1, characterized by the fact that during pressing by using a stamping tool, the surface of the decorative layer perform microglobuline. Stamping tool may be, for example, made as a stamping plate, a closed-loop tape or die-stamping roller.
In accordance with the invention, when the pressing using a pressing tool, for example, in the form of a stamping plate in addition to microglobuline on the surface of the decorative layer is applied to the superimposed surface structure. This imposed the surface structure in the floor panel, the decorative layer having wood patterns, simulated wood pores or texture of wood. This imposed the surface structure has recesses, which in size greatly outweigh microglobuline, which are provided with a high anti-slip properties. Of course, with a decorative layer superimposed with the surface structure it is possible to simulate and other materials (such as stone materials, which are known for tiles or the like).
From panasonicyouth surface of the decorative layer attached to the surface roughness. Depending on the size, distribution and shape of microglobuline when this occurs the structure, reminiscent of the surface structure of the grinding or abrasive paper. In the preferred embodiment, the neighboring microglobuline form a closed line, through which are formed a separate microwavecity. These separate microwavecity resemble in their principle of action of abrasive grain abrasive paper.
Preferably, the maximum depth of microglobuline less than 120 μm. Good results against anti-slip properties can be obtained by limiting the maximum depth of microglobuline to 90 μm, 50 μm, or even 20 microns.
The decorative layer may be made of a multilayer. For example, can be used decorative paper and at least one deposited a protective layer. This protective layer may include a curable resin, which preferably represents the amino. Preferred is the use of melamine resin and urea resin.
The protective layer may include crushed abrasive materials. Preferred are particles of minerals such as aluminium oxide particles or particles of corundum.
Along with a protective layer comprising powdered abrasive material and a curable resin may be provided in another layer, which is applied to the facing away from the decorative layer side of the protective layer. Due to this additional layer, which preferably contains the amino possible to reduce the wear of the forming plates, caused by the crushed abrasive materials, so using stamping plates can conduct a greater number of cycles pressing.
In particular, high anti-slip properties can be achieved in the absence provided an additional layer. In this case, the protective layer comprising powdered abrasive material forms the outer layer of the floor panel. Then microglobuline run directly in this layer, which may lead to the partial release of abrasive particles and their participation in the education part of the surface of the decorative layer. This leads to a structure resembling the structure of sandpaper or emery paper. The wear-resistant abrasive paper abrasive grains protrude from the binder, which separate the abrasive grain is connected with the base grit paper.
Stamping tool may have a hard coating, in which the structure of the embossing, which are obtained microglobuline. This hard coating preferably is a layer of chromium.
Preferred POS of the activity execution patterns stamping in the chrome layer is to first apply a layer that protects against etching, and then perform the etching process, the layer that protects against etching, protects a separate area of a hard coating of the removed material. Where etching tool can easily affect the hard coating or, respectively, the chrome layer, the material is removed, so that these locations are the indentations in the hard coating.
Preferably the total area of the layer that protects against etching is less than 50% of the area of pressing the forming tool. This means that in this example implementation removed more than half of the area of the chrome layer, due to which there exaltation, then when pressing in the press create microglobuline in the surface of the decorative layer of the floor panel. The layer that protects against etching, can be composed of many small dots, which in this case lead to a point elevations in the chrome layer. The total area of these points or, in General, a layer that protects against etching, may also take values less than 40 or even 30%.
Superimposed surface structure, which in the case of decoration under the tree can be simulated wood pores or wood texture can be obtained by using the superimposed patterns of engraving, and the superimposed structure of the stamping is done in located under paved the primary layer of the forming tool. This base layer, which, for example, can be made of stainless steel, can also be subjected to the etching process, and by applying a layer that protects against etching, it is possible to obtain the desired superimposed structure of the embossing. Upon completion of the imposed structure of the embossing is applied hard coating, which, in turn, is subjected to another etching process. Along with the etching process can also be applied to other processes material removal, for example by spark erosion or laser processing.
The invention is hereinafter explained in more detail with the help of the floor panel shown in the drawing. Shown:
figure 1 - schematic cross section of a floor panel;
and figure 2 - part of figure 1 on an enlarged scale.
1 schematically shows a cross-section of the floor panel 1. The floor panel 1 includes a carrier plate 2, which, for example, can be made of MDF or HDF boards. The carrier plate 2 can also be made of other materials.
On the carrier plate 2 with the upper hand applied decorative layer 3, which includes impregnated with melamine resin decorative paper 4 and protective layer 5. The protective layer 5 includes a variety of corundum particles 6, which are introduced in the matrix 7 of the melamine resin.
In the surface 8 of the decorative layer 3 vol is LINENO many microglobuline 9, which, in particular, also shown in figure 2. Figure 2 shows in enlarged scale marked II fragment figure 1.
In the surface 8 is, however, embossing not only microglobuline 9, but imposed surface structure, which is indicated by the dashed line 10. This imposed the surface structure 10 forms the recess 11 of larger size, which should mimic wood pores or wood texture. It should be noted that the dimensions of the recesses 11 is significantly greater than the dimensions of microglobuline 9. This concerns, on the one hand, the depth and size in the direction perpendicular to the depth of the respective recesses 9, 11.
Using microglobuline 9 surface 8 of the decorative layer attached to the surface roughness, so you can be ensured the best options anti-slip properties. When performing microglobuline 9 during the pressing surface 8 may at least partially be released separate corundum particles 6, so the surface 8 to the touch is similar to the surface of the grinding wheel or sandpaper.
Between two adjacent macroglobulinemia 9a, 9b (see figure 2) is formed microvasculara 12, which acts like an abrasive grain abrasive paper and thereby contributes greatly to the fact that the surface 8 to the touch a hundred is ulitsa similar to the surface of the abrasive paper. Due to the form of microglobuline 9, their number and their distribution, you can specify the shape, height, distance, and number of microwavemini 12, making it possible to purposefully regulate anti-slip properties of the surface 8. Microwavecity 12 may have a dot shape, almost circular in shape, or other shape.
The floor panel 1, as shown in figure 1, has a stabilizing layer 13, which is affixed to the bottom side of the carrier plate 2. Using a stabilizing layer 13 should be a good steady position on the plane and prevented buckling of the floor panel 1.
The list of items
1 Floor panel
2 Bearing plate
3 Decorative layer
4 Decorative paper
5, a Protective layer
6 Corundum particles
7 Matrix of melamine resin
10 Superimposed surface structure
13 Stabilizing layer.
1. A method of manufacturing a floor panel (1)comprising a carrier plate (2) and put on the top side of the carrier plate (2) decorative layer (3), and a decorative layer (3) zapressovyvajut in the press with a supply of heat to the carrier plate (2), and when pressing using a stamping tool surface (8) of the decorative layer (3) perform surface structure 10), used for drawing imitation wood or other material, characterized in that during pressing by using a stamping tool surface (8) of the decorative layer (3) perform microglobuline (9)enhancing anti-slip properties, and these microglobuline impose surface structure also having grooves, which for its size is much more microglobuline.
2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the neighboring microglobuline (9) form a closed line, through which are formed a separate microwavecity (12).
3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the maximum depth of microglobuline less than 120 microns.
4. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the decorative layer (3) includes decorative paper (4) and at least one protective layer (5).
5. The method according to claim 4, characterized in that the protective layer (5) includes abrasive materials in the form of particles.
6. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the stamping tool supply hard surface, into which enter the structure of the embossing, which receive microglobuline (9).
7. The method according to claim 6, wherein the hard coating is a layer of chromium.
8. The method according to claim 6 or 7, characterized in that the superimposed surface structure (10) obtained using the superimposed patterns of tisani is, moreover, the imposed structure of the embossing is performed in located under paved the primary layer of the forming tool.
SUBSTANCE: panels on their opposite longitudinal faces and transverse faces are accordingly equipped with profiling corresponding to each other. In a room to form a solid floor surface on an installation plane, where several panels are joined in a row with their transverse faces. And into several rows with their longitudinal faces, and fixed relative to each other.
EFFECT: facilitated process of panel installation and improved operational qualities of connection.
4 cl, 11 dwg
SUBSTANCE: system to connect panels as boards has two long and two short edges with retaining shapes arranged on edges, which in the joined condition form a geometric closure. Retaining shapes on long edges and/or short edges have at least one surface, which interacts with the coupled surface, when retaining shapes are joined with each other, and besides at least a surface or a coupled surface has a layer with a higher friction coefficient that increases friction. The layer that increases friction is formed as a layer produced by flocking, and includes the main layer and short fibres, which with a closed end are fixed in the main layer, and with a free end they go out from the main layer, at the same time short fibres have an angle of inclination to the insert direction.
EFFECT: higher joint reliability.
16 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: panel, uppermost a floor panel, is arranged with a core from a wood chip material or a mixture of wood chip and polymer material. The panel comprises a lower lock element arranged on the first side edge, which has the first transverse rib arranged on the lower side of the panel protruding beyond the first side edge, and the first hook arranged on the outer end of the first rib with a rear cut, and an upper local element arranged on the second side edge opposite to the first side edge, and the upper element has the second transverse rib arranged on the upper side of the panel protruding the second side edge, and the second hook arranged on the outer end of the second rib, which has at least one fixing collar, so that two identical panels are arranged as capable of connection and fixation to each other in horizontal direction and vertical direction after clicking of the fixing collar of one panel in the rear cut of the second panel. At the same time in the first transverse rib of the lower lock element there is at least one through groove with width smaller than the width of the second hook.
EFFECT: improved reliability of panels jointing.
15 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: floor panels are equipped with a mechanical lock system on long and short faces, making it possible to assemble with the help of vertical stacking, besides, the lock system of a long face prevents disconnection of short faces in process of stacking.
EFFECT: elimination of gaps between floor panels during their assembly.
5 cl, 27 dwg
SUBSTANCE: panel at least on two opposite side faces is equipped with corresponding hooks, at the same time the first hook is formed by profiling open towards the upper side, and the second hook is formed by profiling open towards the lower side, which on the first hook forms a ledge directed towards the upper side, and on the second element it forms a ledge directed substantially towards the lower side. Two identical panels are arranged as capable of connection and fixation to each other in horizontal (H) and vertical (V) directions by means of a vertical jointing movement. At least one of ledges during the jointing movement diverts in horizontal direction, and then with the help of the vertical fixation is latched behind the fixing face stretching substantially in horizontal direction (H). At least one of hooks is segmented, forming multiple elastic elements arranged in parallel at a distance from each other. Elastic elements are arranged at the angle (α) to the longitudinal axis (L).
EFFECT: invention provides for reliable fixation of panels.
FIELD: construction, road engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the field of construction, in particular, to modular floors. A modular floor element comprises a panel element, two engagement brackets arranged on the longitudinal side, two shallow grooves arranged on the other longitudinal side, an engagement bracket arranged on the transverse side and a shallow groove arranged on the other transverse side. Brackets are connected to shallow grooves of another modular element and thus are connected to shallow grooves in such a manner that floor elements are blocked both in longitudinal and transverse directions. The engagement brackets are equipped with bearings for easier sliding of these brackets.
EFFECT: improved resistance of floor to tangential stresses occurring in process of its operation.
21 cl, 10 dwg
SUBSTANCE: slab panels are proposed, which are equipped with a system of mechanical blocking at long and short edges, making it possible to install them by rotation of long edges, and where the system of short edges blocking has a displaced ridge, which may be displaced substantially in one direction from the inner unlocked position to the final locked position.
EFFECT: increased accuracy of slab panels locking.
26 cl, 26 dwg
SUBSTANCE: panel is made with a core from wood material or wood-plastic mixture, with an upper side and a lower side. Panel fixation in the horizontal direction (H) is done by means of a hook joint with an upper fixing section having a hook element and a lower fixing section having a hook element. Fixation in the vertical direction (V) is done by means of at least one elastic element made as capable of displacement in the horizontal direction (H). The elastic element during a connection movement is latched to a fixing edge passing substantially in the horizontal direction (H). At least one elastic element is made from a core as solid, and at least one elastic element is made on the lower fixing section.
EFFECT: reduced labour expenses in manufacturing and installation of a panel.
8 cl, 5 dwg
SUBSTANCE: panel at least on two side faces arranged oppositely to each other has the same profiling as two identically made panels arranged as capable of interlocking with each other in horizontal and vertical directions by means of a vertical connection movement. Interlocking in the vertical direction is provided due to a solid elastic element made from a core on a side face. The elastic element is latched to an interlocking edge stretching substantially into the horizontal direction.
EFFECT: improved operational characteristics of the floor.
6 cl, 9 dwg
SUBSTANCE: elements of flooring include decorative patterns produced by mechanical stamping with combination of surfaces texture, periphery with a groove and mechanisms or fixation facilities. By arrangement of parts of decorative patterns along edges of the flooring element it is possible to form a periodical pattern of flooring, having dimensions that are larger than dimensions of a separate flooring element, through arrangement of identical flooring elements near each other in horizontal direction and next to each other in vertical direction.
EFFECT: reduction of labour costs during installation of flooring elements having decorative patterns.
10 cl, 19 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method of producing a protective and decorative coating (verisons). The invention relates to construction and specifically to methods of protective and decorative finishing of surfaces of concrete and brick structures. The method of producing a protective and decorative coating according to the first version involves preparation of the surface and depositing a coating on said surface. The coating is formed from elements. The elements used are coloured glass deposited on the inner side and a hardened composition, with the following ratio of components, pts.wt: polyvinyl acetate dispersion with content of dry substance of 49-51% 5-10; alabaster 7-8, mixture of dioxane alcohols and their high-boiling ethers with open-cup flash-point of 130-140°C 0.5-1.0, di(alkylpolyethylene glycol)ether of phosphoric acid 0.1-0.2, water 4-8. An adhesive composition is deposited on the hardened surface of said composition of each element, with the following ratio of components in pts.wt: cement 3.2-3.35, quartz sand 3.6-3.8, dolomite powder 1.2-1.3, water 1.8-2.1. A second version of the method of producing a protective and decorative coating on the surface of building structures is described.
EFFECT: high adhesion strength, water resistance and resistance to sodium hypochlorite solution.
2 cl, 2 tbl, 16 ex
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of panels. Proposed method comprises preparing large-size, rough-compacted wood board to be coated and having, at least, on one its side a shagreen formed in preparation, grinding off section of said shagreen from board top side, applying sizing made from liquid melamine-based resin on board top surface. Note here that said resin partially diffuses into board top surface layer. Then, primer is applied on sixing and dried. Then, at least, one lacquer saturated with water-based dye is applied to make a pattern to be dried. Then, sealing layer from melamine-based resin enriched in wear proof particles and cellulose fibers is applied and dried. Melamine-based liquid resin sizing is applied on board bottom surface. Note here that said resin diffuses, at least partially, in board bottom surface layer. Then layered structure is compacted by pressure at temperature while board is divided into panels or required width and length. Now, joint and locking means are applied on opposite said edges for direct bonding in floor structure.
EFFECT: perfected procedure.
13 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of construction materials, particularly, to decoration of constriction panel from inorganic material. Proposed method comprises applying inorganic powder on moulded uncured panel or its section and autoclave treatment. Used inorganic powder represents minced calaite and/or malachite and/or haematite and/or chromite and/or siderite and/or serpentine and/or jasper. After autoclave treatment panel or its sections with powder applied thereon are fused.
EFFECT: increased variety, longer life.
FIELD: production processes.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method for manufacturing a decorated laminate with a sheet central part of wood or wood material, with a decorative layer on at least one side of the central part and a cover layer with the aminolayer on the decorative layer. According to the method the paper is fixed on at least one side of the sheet central part. Decor is printed on the open side of the paper. At least one curable cover layer is applied on the printed decor. Curable layers are cured. As the paper the paper is used that has a specific weight of 40 to 200 g/m2.
EFFECT: invention enables to reduce the consumption of materials when decorating the laminate.
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to shoes production of decorated laminate. In compliance with this method, portion of aminoplast resin precursor solution is applied on decorative layer to produce partial layer to be dried without curing or cross-linking. This stage is made, at least, two times to produce final cover layer.
EFFECT: higher physical properties.
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to decorative facing material. Proposed material is produced on the basis of quenched cullet. First, mould welts of charge made on the basis of liquid glass or sand, or fire clay granules, or foamed concrete are applied on conveyor belt. Between said welts ledges are formed from filling agent. Space between said ledges is filled with quenched cullet. Then, decorative layer of quenched cullet is applied and annealed. Backside of obtained material is cellular. Cellular part makes about 80% of material volume. Said cellular part may be either hollow or filled with sand, concrete, foamed concrete or fire clay. To obtain material with hollow cells, said ledges are coated by kaolin clay suspension that allows separation of quenched cullet from filling agent.
EFFECT: lower weight, higher operating properties.
4 cl, 1 ex, 7 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to multilayer plate. Proposed plate comprises inner layer including one or several layers of kraft paper, decorative layer of decorative paper sheet, particles with Mohs' hardness of 8, binding system containing one binding agent in hardened state. Note here that said binding system has inner layer and decorative layer. Note also that hardened binding layer is applied onto decorative layer with aforesaid particles. Mind that brilliance of multilayer plate makes 80 GE. Note also that multilayer plate surface formed by binding layer features decrease in brilliance after loading in brilliance decrease test GR500 of not over 7%. Particles feature average grain size of 5-100 mcm. Loading multilayer plate with said particles, in terms of plate surface, makes 21-35 g/m2. Note that registration of decreased in brilliance is performed in compliance with DIN 67530 at light incidence angle of 60°.
EFFECT: higher wear resistance and stability of brilliance.
8 cl, 5 ex, 1 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of board- or plate-forming element to be used as structural element of furniture or wall, ceiling or floor panel. Proposed element (1.1, 1.2, 1.1') comprises substrate 10 from wood, decor11 printed thereon, transparent bright lacquer layer 13 and finishing lacquer layer 14 with 3D structure. Said element differs from know designs in that said finishing lacquer layer 14 forms surface structure with varying flash. Note here that surface of structural element (1.1, 1.2, 1.1') in, at least, one direction parallel with said surface, features flash differing by, at least 25 GU in with respect to that at linear distance from surface of 20 mm.
EFFECT: improved decoration features.
16 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: process engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to method of producing woodchip board with glossy coat from laminar coat. Proposed method comprises polishing woodchip board flat wide side and differs from known procedures in that it includes the following jobs: leveling, without chipping, of polished flat wide surface by compacting it by means of cylindrical or plate leveling body with its leveling surface heated to, at least 100 °C, or has this temperature, applying coat on leveled surface by direct application of glossy coat from laminar material.
EFFECT: lower costs.
22 cl, 2 dwg
SUBSTANCE: foam glass is coated with a powdery decorating material. The decorating material is represented with wastes of amber processing ground down to specific surface of 1000-5000 cm2/g. Then thermal treatment is carried out with subsequent cooling.
EFFECT: reduced temperature of thermal treatment of decorated foam glass.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to production of multilayer panels used in construction of ships and other floating and transport facilities. Proposed method comprises forming integral corrugated element from reinforcing material with filling spaces between flutes with foamed polymer. Bars from foamed polymer with taper or rectangular section are places on airproof substrate. Reinforcing material, not impregnated with binder, is placed on bar lateral walls and top surface to form corrugation. Bars of foamed polymer filler are laid between flutes. Formed integral corrugated element with filler is covered by airtight flexible male die to feed binder. Vacuum of about 40-80 kPa is created between substrate and male die to feed binder via injection port at atmospheric pressure that is polymerised after impregnation of reinforcing material.
EFFECT: faster production process and higher quality.