Device to separate running water, method to separate running water and waste water system

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: device to separate running water arriving from a drain pipe and divert this water into a pipe for contaminated water and a pipe for rain water, comprises the first channel of running water, having an overflow partition, limiting water flow arriving from the drain pipe and sending it into the pipe for contaminated pipe. The device also comprises the second channel sending water flowing over the overflow partition, into the pipe for rain water, a separating wall to block water going through the first channel, to form chambers of water diversion separated in the first channel and a throttling part formed in the separating wall. The method for separation of running water consists in using the device for its separation. At the same time, when running water flow arriving from the drain pipe is higher than the specified flow rate, it is sent into the pipe for contaminated water along the first channel. Water flow is throttled by means of the throttling part, and running water accumulated in chambers of water drain and flowing over the overflow partition, is sent into the pipe for rain water along the second channel. The waste water system comprises the first and second devices to separate running water arriving from the drain pipe. The second device is connected to the first one by means of the first pipe so that a part of water separated by the first device is sent to the second device along the first pipe to separate this part of water. The system also comprises a device to treat running water connected to the second device by means of the second pipe so that a part of this water separated by the second device is sent to the device for treatment along the second pipe, the device for water accumulation connected to the second device by means of the third pipe and connected to the device for water treatment by means of the fourth pipe so that a part of water separated by the second device is sent to the device for water accumulation along the third pipe for temporary water accumulation and its drainage into the device for treatment along the fourth pipe. Besides, the first device comprises the following components: the first channel with the overflow partition limiting water flow arriving from the drain pipe and sending water, which does not flow over the partition, into the first pipe; the second channel sending running water into the water area, arriving from the drain pipe and flowing over the partition; the separating wall for blocking of running water sending via the first channel, to form chambers of water drainage separated in the first channel, and the throttling part formed in the separating wall to throttle water flow passing from one drain chamber into the other one. The second device comprises the following components: the first channel including the overflow partition limiting water flow arriving from the first pipe and sending running water arriving from the first pipe and not flowing over the overflow partition, into the second pipe; the second channel sending water arriving from the first pipe and flowing over the partition, into the third pipe; the separating wall for blocking of water going through the first channel, to form chambers of water drain separated in the first channel, and the throttling part formed in the separating wall to throttle water flow passing from one drain chamber to the other chamber.

EFFECT: increased efficiency and simplification of design.

13 cl, 29 dwg

 

The technical field to which the invention relates.

The present invention relates to a device for separating a flowing of water, the method of separation of flowing water and wastewater system, made with the possibility of separation of the flowing water, and, in particular, to a device for separating a flowing of water, the method of separation of flowing water and wastewater system, made with the possibility of separation of waste water, which are mixed rain water and polluted water.

The level of technology

As shown in Fig-29 to a traditional camera 100 discharge rain water attached to the main body 102 of the camera reset rainwater inlet pipe 104 of the pipeline discharge of sewage (hereinafter referred drain pipe), pipe 106 to the contaminated water and the pipe 108 for rainwater. When this waste water (contaminated water (sewer water)+rainwater) enter the drain pipe 104, the tube 106 to the contaminated water is connected with a device for wastewater treatment, and the pipe 108 for rainwater communicates with the water area, such as a river, etc.

In the main body 102 of the camera reset rainwater completed the first channel 102 flowing water that receives waste water from the drain pipe 104. The first channel 110 running water made with the possibility of connection with the drain pipe 104 and the pipe 106 to the contaminated water, and along the first ka the Ala on one side made overflow partition 112, having a predetermined height. Therefore, the waste water coming from the drain pipe 104, pass through the first channel 110 running water, surrounded on both sides by the inner wall of the main body 102 of the camera reset rainwater and overflow partition 112 on the side of the pipe 106 to the contaminated water. In addition, when the flow rate of wastewater coming from the drain pipe 104, equal to a flow rate or less, the waste water does not spill over the wall 112, and the entire volume of wastewater discharged from the drain pipe 104, passes into the pipe 106 to the contaminated water through the first channel 110 running water and play in a device for wastewater treatment.

In addition, the main body 102 of the camera reset rainwater and below the first channel 110 running water made the second channel 114 running water, through which the waste water flowing over the partition wall 112 of the first channel 110 running water. The second channel 114 running water connected to the pipe 108 for rain water so that the waste water flowing over the partition wall 112 of the first chamber 110 running water, pass through the second channel 114 running water and then drawn through a pipe 108 for rain water and discharged into the waters, such as river, etc.

As described above, when using a traditional camera 100 reset rainwater, when the flow rate of wastewater coming from the cast pipe 104 in the main body 102 of the camera reset rainwater, equal to consumption or less, as shown on Fig-25, the waste water flowing into the main body 102 of the camera reset rainwater, not shimmer through the partition 112 and pass through the first channel 110 running water and drawn through a pipe 106 contaminated water. Then the waste water in the pipe 106 to the contaminated water is diverted into the device for wastewater treatment.

On the other hand, when the flow rate of wastewater coming from the drain pipe 104 in the main body 102 of the camera reset rainwater is greater than the specified flow rate, as shown in Fig-29, the waste water flowing into the main body 102 of the camera reset rainwater pass through the first channel 110 running water, as part of the wastewater flows over the partition wall 112 and passes through the second channel 114 running water. Therefore, the waste water passing through the first channel 110 running water and flowing into the pipe 106 for contaminated water shall be received by the device for the treatment of sewage and waste water passing through the second channel 114 running water, drawn through a pipe 108 for rain water and discharged into the waters, such as river, etc.

However, in the prior art due to the insufficient separation of wastewater coming from the drain pipe into the chamber discharge rainwater to the pipe for contaminated water and the pipe for rainwater greater volume of wastewater flows in pipes is for contaminated water, therefore, the load device for the treatment of sewage increases. In particular, the internal chamber dimensions discharge of rainwater, wastewater flow coming out the drain pipe, the volume of wastewater discharged from the pipe to contaminated water, etc. pre-determined equal to the specified values, however, the volume of wastewater flowing into the pipe for contaminated water increases more than expected, resulting in limiting the performance of conventional systems for wastewater treatment. Therefore, to increase the device performance for sewage treatment is required to increase productivity and the size of the device for wastewater treatment, which consequently leads to a significant increase in the cost of treatment facilities.

Thus, considering the above disadvantages worthless for the purpose of the invention is the provision of a device for separating a flowing of water, method of separation of flowing water and wastewater systems, designed to increase the volume efficiency of separation for waste water (running water) using a simple construction to reduce the amount of waste water (running water)flowing in the pipe for contaminated water.

Patent document 1: published patent application of Japan No. 2004-27701.

Disclosure of inventions

<> In the first aspect, a device for separating a flowing water, designed to divide the flow of water coming from the drain pipe, and remove the water in the tube to contaminated water and the pipe for rain water, including the first channel of flowing water, comprising an overflow wall that restricts the flow of running water coming from the drain pipe, and directing the flowing water coming from the drain pipe, the pipe contaminated water, the second channel running water, directing the flowing water flowing over the overflow wall into the pipe for rain water, the separation wall, designed to block the flow of water, passing through the first channel of running water, with the formation of multiple cameras divert water separated in the specified channel of running water, and a throttle portion formed in a specified dividing wall for throttling the flow of flow of water passing from one of the cameras divert water to another camera drainage

In the first aspect of running water coming from the drain pipe passes through the first channel of running water, in which its flow is blocked by a dividing wall and its flow is choked throttle part. Thus, part of the flowing water reaches the pipe for contaminated water and is discharged into the device on isdi wastewater. In addition, passing the greater part of the flowing water in the pipe to contaminated water is blocked throttle part, and thus a large part of running water accumulates in the cells of diversion of water. Then after the camera drainage accumulates more and more water, the level of flowing water, it finally reaches the overflow partition, so that the flowing water is poured. Shimmering flowing water passes through the second channel of running water reaches the pipe for rain water and play in the water area, such as a river, etc.

As described above, the flowing water coming from the drain pipe into the first chamber flowing water tends to accumulate in the cells of tap water, as the flow rate of the flowing water flowing through the first channel of the flow of water is blocked by the throttle part. Then running water, accumulated in the chamber a flow of water passes through the second channel of flowing water and is directed into the pipe for rain water. Therefore, a large part of running water coming from the drain pipe in the first channel of flowing water is directed into the pipe for rain water, and some flowing water is directed into the tube to contaminated water. Thus, the flow rate of flowing water withdrawn from the tubes of contaminated water into the device for treatment of wastewater can be reduced to smart the decision of the working load or loads a cleaning device for cleaning waste water. Thanks to this performance division for the flow of water can be improved by a device for dividing a flow of water having a simple construction, which prevents the increase of the device size for wastewater treatment and prevents the increase in the cost of manufacturing and operating costs (installation costs). In addition, it is possible to prevent increase in size of the device for dividing the flow of water to prevent the increase of the manufacturing cost and maintenance cost of the device for separating the flowing water.

In the second aspect, a device for dividing a flow of water in accordance with the first aspect, characterized in that several dividing walls are made in the direction of flow of the flowing water flowing through the first channel of running water, and a few cameras remove the water formed sequentially along the flow direction of the flowing water.

In accordance with the second aspect of the several partition walls is made in the direction of flow of the flowing water flowing through the first channel of flowing water, which are formed at least three or more camera water drainage. Then three or more cameras diversion of water one after the other (sequentially) are formed along the flow direction of the flowing water. Therefore, running water, comes the common Affairs of the drain pipe, passes through at least three chambers, water diversion, and its flow is choked at least two throttle parts up until the flowing water does not pass through the first channel of running water and reaches pipes for water contamination. This reduces the flow rate of the flowing water flowing through the first flow channel of the water and up pipe for water contamination, and increases the flow rate of the flowing water flowing over the overflow wall and passing through the second channel of flowing water in the pipe for rain water. In other words, the flow rate of the flowing water flowing in the pipe for rain water, much more of the expense of running water flowing in a pipe for water contamination. As described above, the device for dividing a flow of water having a simple construction, can be used to further improve the performance of the splitting the flow of water passing into the pipe for rain water and the flowing water flowing in the pipe for contaminated water.

In the third aspect of the present invention proposes a device for the separation of flowing water in accordance with the first aspect or the second aspect, characterized in that the part throttle is a throttle opening.

In accordance with a third aspect of the part throttle is a throttle on the opening, so that the flow rate of flowing water can grossulariata only through education of the throttle openings in the dividing wall. This eliminates the need for separate devices for throttling the flow of running water and prevent increase in size of the device for separating the flowing water, which can prevent the increase of the manufacturing cost and maintenance cost of the device for separating the flowing water.

In the fourth aspect of the present invention proposes a device for the separation of flowing water in accordance with the first aspect or the second aspect, characterized in that in the chamber of the tap water on the intake side located closest to the inlet in the flow direction multiple cameras diversion of water, the device for removing inclusions designed to remove impurities contained in the flowing water coming from the drain pipe, and running water from which the specified device for removing impurities removed include, goes to the throttle part.

In accordance with the fourth aspect due to the fact that the camera remove the water on the inlet side located closest to the inlet in the flow direction multiple cameras diversion of water, the device for removing inclusions designed to remove included the s, contained in the flowing water coming from the drain pipe, inclusions can be removed from the flowing water in the chamber of the tap water on the intake side located closest to the inlet in the flow direction multiple cameras water drainage. Then the flowing water, which removed the turn goes to the throttle portion of each separation wall and passes toward the pipe to contaminated water, the flow is choked. As described above, despite the fact that running water coming from the drain pipe, contains inclusions, these inclusions can be extracted, so that the flowing water did not contain inclusions and could be allocated to the throttle portion and the pipe for water contamination. This makes it possible to prevent the clogging of the throttle part of the inclusions and thereby maintain the performance throttling of the throttle part.

In the fifth aspect, a device for dividing a flow of water in accordance with the fourth aspect, characterized in that the position opposite to the discharge pipe camera drainage, located on the intake side, made the adjustment overflow partition, part of the walls forming the chamber of the drainage located on the intake side, and the flowing water flowing over the specified reguliavo the ing an overflow partition, going into the second channel of running water.

In accordance with the fifth aspect in a position opposite the discharge pipe camera drainage, located on the intake side, made the adjustment overflow partition, part of the walls forming the chamber of the drainage located on the intake side, and the flowing water flowing over the specified adjusting an overflow partition is sent to the second channel of running water. Therefore, adjusting the overflow partition is made in the direction in which the flowing water coming from the drain pipe into the chamber of the tap water on the inlet side in the first channel of flowing water with the preservation of its speed (or inertia of motion). Thus, to move the inclusions contained in the flowing water, on the side of the adjusting overflow partitions can be used the force of flowing water. Then enable shimmer through adjusting an overflow wall and fall into the second channel of flowing water, thereby enabling can easily go on the side of the second channel of running water. Due to this inclusion can be easily extracted from the flowing water without the use of separate mechanisms or human intervention.

In the sixth aspect, a device for the separation of the faithful who offered water in accordance with the fifth aspect, characterized in that the device for removing impurities comprises filtering the grid, including many rods of the grid, made at a given distance from each other and angled relative to the direction of flow of running water coming from the drain pipe.

In accordance with the sixth aspect of the device for removing inclusions consists of a lattice filter, including many rods of the lattice, made at a given distance from each other and angled relative to the direction of flow of running water coming from the drain pipe. Thus, the flowing water passes between the rods of the lattice and is directed into the tube to contaminated water, but the inclusions are exposed to inertial forces acting in the main flow direction, and therefore, are not moved to the grille. This makes it possible to prevent the movement of inclusions in the side of the throttle part. In addition, using a lattice filter can be made of a device for removing impurities having a simple structure.

In the seventh aspect, a device for dividing a flow of water in accordance with the fifth aspect, characterized in that the second channel of water running in position under the adjusting overflow partition made device for hair removal the inclusions, removes enabled.

In accordance with the seventh aspect of the second channel of water running in position under the adjusting overflow partition is made of a device for removing inclusions, drop, enable, so that inclusion can be collected before entering into the pipe for rain water. Thus, you can easily collect on and to prevent the situation when turn on hammer in the pipe for rain water, and to improve the performance of the discharge pipe for rain water.

In the eighth aspect proposes a method of separating a flow of water using the device for dividing a flow of water containing the first channel of flowing water, comprising an overflow wall that restricts the flow of running water coming from the drain pipe, and directing the flowing water coming from the specified drain pipe, the pipe contaminated water, the second channel running water, directing the flowing water flowing over the overflow wall into the pipe for rain water, the separation wall, designed to block the flow of water passing through the first channel of running water, with the formation of multiple cameras divert water separated in the first channel running water, and a throttle portion formed in the dividing wall for throttling the flow rate of the flowing water is, going from one of the cells of the diversion of water into another chamber of the drainage of water, to separate the flow of water coming from the drain pipe and water drainage in the specified pipe for contaminated water and the pipe for rain water. When the flow rate of flowing water coming out the drain pipe is greater than the specified flow rate, flowing water is directed into the tube to contaminated water along the first channel of flowing water, the consumption of running water coming from the drain pipe, drossellied through multiple throttle parts, and running water that is accumulated in the several chambers of the diversion of water and poured through an overflow partition, is directed into the pipe for rain water along the second channel of running water.

In accordance with the eighth aspect of running water coming from the drain pipe, pass through the first channel of running water, in which its flow is blocked by a dividing wall and the flow is choked current throttle part. Thus, part of the flowing water reaches the pipe for contaminated water and play in a device for wastewater treatment. In addition, when the flow rate of flowing water coming out the drain pipe is greater than the specified flow rate, passing the greater part of the flowing water in the pipe to contaminated water is blocked throttle part, and thus a large part of running the ode is accumulated in the cells of diversion of water. Then after the camera drainage accumulates more and more water, the level of flowing water, it finally reaches the overflow partition, so that the flowing water is poured. Shimmering flowing water passes through the second channel of running water reaches the pipe for rain water and play in the water area, such as a river, etc.

As described above, the flowing water coming from the drain pipe into the first chamber flowing water accumulates in the cells of drainage water, as the flow rate of the flowing water flowing through the first channel of the flow of water is blocked by the throttle part. Then running water, accumulated in the chamber a flow of water passes through the second channel of flowing water and is directed into the pipe for rain water. Therefore, a large part of running water coming from the drain pipe in the first channel of flowing water is directed into the pipe for rain water, and part of it goes into the pipe for water contamination. Thus, the flow rate of flowing water withdrawn from the tubes of contaminated water into the device for treatment of wastewater can be reduced to reduce the operating load or load cleaning device for wastewater treatment. Thanks to this performance division for the flow of water can be improved by a device for separating a flowing in the s, with a simple design that prevents an increase in size of the device for wastewater treatment and prevents the increase in the cost of manufacturing and operating costs (installation costs). In addition, it is possible to prevent increase in size of the device for dividing the flow of water to prevent the increase of the manufacturing cost and maintenance cost of the device for separating the flowing water.

In the ninth aspect proposes a method of separating a flow of water in accordance with the eighth aspect, characterized in that several dividing walls are made in the direction of flow of the flowing water flowing through the first channel of running water, and a few cameras remove the water formed sequentially along the flow direction of the flowing water flowing water is directed to the specified pipe for contaminated water along the specified first channel of running water, the consumption of running water coming from the drain pipe, drossellied through these multiple throttle parts and flowing water that is accumulated in the several chambers of the diversion of water and poured through an overflow partition, is directed into the pipe for rainwater along the second channel of running water.

In accordance with the ninth aspect of the several dividing walls are made in the direction of the eye with running water, passing through the first channel of flowing water, which are formed at least three or more camera water drainage. Then three or more cameras diversion of water one after the other (sequentially) are formed along the flow direction of the flowing water. Therefore, running water coming from the drain pipe passes through at least three chambers, water diversion, and its flow is choked at least two throttle parts up until the flowing water does not pass through the first channel of running water and reaches pipes for water contamination. This reduces the flow rate of the flowing water flowing through the first flow channel of the water and up pipe for water contamination, and increases the flow rate of the flowing water flowing over the overflow wall and passing through the second channel of flowing water in the pipe for rain water. In other words, the flow rate of the flowing water flowing in the pipe for rain water, much more of the expense of running water flowing in a pipe for water contamination. As described above, the device for dividing a flow of water having a simple construction, can be used to further improve the performance of the splitting the flow of water passing into the pipe for rain water, and the flowing water flowing in the pipe for contaminated water.

In the tenth aspect can be with the ladies division running water in accordance with the eighth aspect or the ninth aspect, characterized in that the part throttle is a throttle opening, and the flowing water coming from the specified drain pipe, send to the specified pipe to contaminated water, consumption drossellied through a specified throttle opening.

In accordance with the tenth aspect of the part throttle is a throttle opening, so that the flow rate of flowing water can grossulariata only through education of the throttle openings in the dividing wall. This eliminates the need for separate devices for throttling the flow of running water and prevent increase in size of the device for separating the flowing water, which can prevent the increase of the manufacturing cost and maintenance cost of the device for separating the flowing water.

In the eleventh aspect of the proposed wastewater system, including a first device for separating a flowing water, designed to divide the flow of water coming from the drain pipe, a second device for separating running water, attached to the first device for separating the flowing water in the first pipe, so that a part of the flowing water separated by the first device for separating a flowing water is directed to the second device specified perboyre to separate this part of the flowing water, device for cleaning running water, attached to the second device for dividing the flow of water through the second pipe so that a part of the flowing water separated by the second device for separating a flowing water is directed into the treatment device specified by the second pipe to clean this part of the flowing water, and a device for accumulating water, attached to the second device for dividing the flow of water through the third pipe and attached to the device for cleaning a flow of water through the fourth pipe, so that a part of the flowing water separated by the second device for separating a flowing water, served in a device for raising water by the third pipe for the temporary storage part of the flow of water and divert part of the flow of water in a device for cleaning a flow of water through the fourth pipe. The first device for dividing the flow of water includes a first channel of running water, including an overflow wall that restricts the flow of running water coming from the drain pipe, and directing the flowing water coming from the drain pipe and not flowing over the overflow partition, in the first pipe, the second channel running water, directing the flowing water coming from the drain pipes and overflowing through the overflow wall into the waters, the dividing wall is designed to block the flow of water passing through the first channel of running water, with the formation of multiple cameras divert water separated in the first channel of running water, and a throttle portion formed in the dividing wall for throttling the flow of flow of water passing from one of the cells of the diversion of water into another chamber water drainage, while a second device for separating a flow of water includes a first channel of running water, including an overflow wall that restricts the flow of running water coming from the first pipe, and the guide running water coming from the first pipe and not flowing over the overflow wall the second pipe, the second channel running water, directing the flowing water coming from the first pipe and poured through an overflow partition specified in the third tube, the separation wall, designed to block the flow of water passing through the first channel of running water, with the formation of multiple cameras divert water separated in the first channel of running water, and a throttle portion formed in a specified dividing wall for throttling the flow of flow of water passing from one of the cells of the diversion of water to other cameras of diversion of water.

In accordance with the eleventh aspect of protoc the water output, coming from the drain pipe in the first device for separating a flowing water is not flowing over the overflow wall, goes to the first pipe on the first channel of running water. Running water coming from the drain pipe in the first device for separating a flowing water and poured through an overflow partition, served in the waters on the second channel of running water. In addition, the flowing water from the first pipe to the second device for separating a flowing water is not flowing over the overflow wall is directed to the second pipe on the first channel of running water. Flowing water from the first pipe into the second device for the separation of flowing water and poured through an overflow partition is sent to the third pipe via the second channel of running water. Flowing water is directed into the second tube, is directed to a device for purification of tap water and purified. Flowing water is directed into the third tube, is directed to a device for accumulating water. Flowing water is directed into the device to store water temporarily accumulated in it and occasionally play in a device for cleaning a flow of water in accordance with the state of the cleaning device to clean running water.

However, since production is detelnosti the first division device for dividing the flow of water is high, a large part of the flow of water passing in the first device for separating a flowing water overflows through an overflow partition and sent to the municipal water supply system through the second channel of running water. This can significantly reduce the flow of water is directed from the first pipe into the second device for the separation of flowing water on the first channel of flowing water, the first device for separating the flowing water.

In addition, as the performance division of the second device for separating a flowing water is high, a large part of the flow of water passing into the second device for separating a flowing water overflows through an overflow baffle and is directed to a device for the accumulation of water on the second channel of running water and the third pipe. This can reduce the flow of water supplied from the second pipe into the unit for wastewater treatment through the first channel of flowing water, a second device for wastewater treatment.

In the manner described above, the flow rate of the flowing water to be discharged into the device for wastewater treatment at this time can be significantly reduced, so that can be reduced installation cost, maintenance cost and operating cost device for wastewater treatment. Besides, that is how by improving the performance of the first division device for dividing the flow of water and running water addition is divided by the second device for the separation of flowing water, a big part of running water is discharged into the municipal water supply system, the flow rate of the flowing water flowing in the device to store water, can also be significantly reduced. Thus, it can be reduced installation cost, cost of maintenance and cost of operation to accumulate the flowing water.

In a preferred twelfth aspect of the proposed wastewater system in accordance with the eleventh aspect, characterized in that several of partition walls of the first device for separating a flowing water is made in the direction of flow of the flowing water flowing through the first channel of running water, and a few cameras remove the water formed sequentially along the flow direction of the flowing water, and a few partition walls of the second device for separating a flowing water is made in the direction of flow of the flowing water flowing through the first channel of running water, and a few cameras remove the water formed sequentially along the flow direction of the flowing water.

In a preferred thirteenth aspect of the proposed wastewater system in accordance with the eleventh aspect, characterized in that the throttle portion of the first device for separating a flowing water is a hole, and roselina part of a second device for separating a flowing water represents the throttle opening.

The present invention allows to increase the performance of the division for waste water (running water) by using a simple construction to reduce the amount of waste water (running water)flowing in the pipe for contaminated water.

A brief description of graphic materials

Figure 1 is a front view in cross-section (a section view taken along the line a-a shown in figure 2) device for dividing the flow of water in accordance with the first embodiment of the present invention (in a state in which the flow of running water equal to the flow rate or less).

Figure 2 is a side view in cross-section (a section view taken along the line B-B, shown in figure 1) device for dividing the flow of water in accordance with the first embodiment of the present invention (in a state in which the flow of running water equal to the flow rate or less).

Figure 3 is a section taken along the line C-C of the device for the separation of water, shown in figure 1 or 2 (in a state in which the flow of running water equal to the flow rate or less).

Figure 4 is a section taken along the line D-D, the device for separating water, shown in figure 1 or 2 (in a state in which the flow of running water equal to the flow rate or less).

Figure 5 represents the second section, taken along the line E-E of the device for the separation of water, shown in figure 1 or 2 (in a state in which the flow of running water equal to the flow rate or less).

6 is a front view in cross-section (a section view taken along the line A-A shown in Fig.7. a device for separating a flowing water in accordance with the first embodiment of the present invention (in a state in which the flow rate of flowing water exceeds the preset flow rate).

Fig.7 is a side view in cross-section (a section view taken along the line B-B shown in Fig.6) device for dividing the flow of water in accordance with the first embodiment of the present invention (in a state in which the flow rate of flowing water exceeds the preset flow rate).

Fig is a section view taken along the line C-C, the device for separating water, shown at 6 or 7 (in the state in which the flow rate of flowing water exceeds the preset flow rate).

Fig.9 is a section view taken along the line D-D, the device for separating water, shown at 6 or 7 (in the state in which the flow rate of flowing water exceeds the preset flow rate).

Figure 10 is a section taken along the line E-E of the device for separating water, shown at 6 or 7 (in the state in which the flow rate of flowing water exceeds the preset flow rate).

11 is particularly the explanatory scheme, showing a system of running water separation device for separating the flow of water in accordance with the first embodiment of the present invention.

Fig is an explanatory diagram showing a transfusion fluid through an overflow partition.

Fig is an explanatory diagram showing the passage of fluid through the orifice.

Fig is an explanatory diagram showing the passage of fluid through the slot.

Fig is a front view in cross-section (a section view taken along the line A-A shown in Fig) device for dividing the flow of water in accordance with the second embodiment of the present invention.

Fig is a side view in cross-section (a section view taken on line b-B shown in Fig) device for dividing the flow of water in accordance with the second embodiment of the present invention.

Fig represents a cross section (a section taken along the line C-C shown in Fig) device for dividing the flow of water in accordance with the second embodiment of the present invention.

Fig represents a scheme of the structure of the device for removal of inclusions used in the device for the separation proton the th water in accordance with the second embodiment of the present invention.

Fig represents a scheme of the structure of the existing wastewater system, which uses a traditional camera reset rainwater.

Fig represents a scheme of the construction of the wastewater system (for comparison), which uses the device for dividing the flow of water in accordance with the embodiment of the present invention.

Fig represents a scheme of the construction of the wastewater system (the best option implementation), which uses the device for dividing the flow of water in accordance with the embodiment of the present invention.

Fig is a front view in cross-section (a section view taken along the line A-A shown in Fig) device for dividing a flow of water from the prior art (in the state in which the flow of running water equal to the flow rate or less).

Fig is a front view in cross-section (a section view taken along the line B-B shown in Fig) device for dividing a flow of water from the prior art (in the state in which the flow of running water equal to the flow rate or less).

Fig is a section view taken along the line C-C of the device for the separation of water, shown in Fig or 23 (in the state in which the flow of running water equal to the flow rate or less).

Fig is the Wallpaper section taken along the line D-D, the device for separating water, shown in Fig or 23 (in the state in which the flow of running water equal to the flow rate or less).

Fig is a front view in cross-section (a section view taken along the line A-A shown in Fig) device for dividing a flow of water from the prior art (in the state in which the flow rate of flowing water exceeds the preset flow rate).

Fig is a front view in cross-section (a section view taken along the line B-B shown in Fig) device for dividing a flow of water from the prior art (in the state in which the flow rate of flowing water exceeds the preset flow rate).

Fig is a section view taken along the line C-C of the device for the separation of water, shown in Fig or 27 (in the state in which the flow rate of flowing water exceeds the preset flow rate).

Fig is a section view taken along the line D-D, the device for separating water, shown in Fig or 27 (in the state in which the flow rate of flowing water exceeds the preset flow rate).

The list of designations

10 is a device for separating a flowing water;

14 - the drain pipe;

16 - pipe for contaminated water;

18 - pipe for rain water;

20 - the first channel of running water;

24A - first overflow partition (overflow partition);

24B - second overflow partition (purelin what I partition);

24C - third overflow partitions (overflow partition);

26A - first dividing wall (dividing wall);

26B, the second dividing wall (dividing wall);

28A first camera drainage (camera drainage);

28B - second camera drainage (camera drainage);

28C is a third camera drainage (camera drainage);

30A - first throttle opening (throttle portion);

30B, the second throttle opening (throttle portion);

32 - second channel of running water;

50 is a device for separating a flowing water;

54 - drain pipe;

56 - pipe for contaminated water;

58 - the first channel of running water;

60A - first dividing wall (dividing wall);

60B - second dividing wall (dividing wall);

62A - first overflow partition (overflow partition);

62B - second overflow partition (overflow partition);

62C is the third overflow partition (overflow partition);

62D - first adjusting partition (adjusting overflow partition);

64A first camera drainage (camera drainage);

64B - second camera drainage (camera drainage);

64C - third camera drainage (camera drainage);

66A - first throttle opening (throttle portion);

66B, the second throttle opening(throttle portion);

68A - Luggage large volume (intake chamber water drainage);

70A - filter grille (a device for removing inclusions);

70B - filter grille (a device for removing inclusions);

78 - grille;

80 - second channel of running water;

82 - pipe for rain water;

84 - the first capture device (a device for collecting inclusions);

86 - second capture device (a device for collecting inclusions);

88 third capture device (a device for collecting inclusions);

206 is a device for wastewater treatment (cleaning device running water);

212 - a device for accumulating water;

230 system wastewater;

231 - the first device for separating a flowing water;

232 - waste water pipe (discharge pipe);

233 - a second device for separating a flowing water;

236 - the waste water pipe (first pipe);

238 - waste water pipe (second pipe);

240 - waste water pipe (third pipe);

242 - pipe wastewater (fourth trumpet).

The implementation of the invention

Below with reference to drawings, describes a device for separating a flowing water in accordance with the first embodiment of the present invention.

As shown in figure 1-10, the device 10 for separating the flow of water in accordance with the first embodiment on the denotes the main body 12 of the device for separating a flowing water (also known as a shell or casing), which has the shape of a box. To the side wall 12A on one side of the main body 12 of the device for dividing the flow of water attached to the drain pipe 14. Of the drain pipe 14 into the main body 12 of the device for separating the flowing water as the flowing water waste water coming. It should be noted that under wastewater refers to a mixture of rain water and polluted water, such as domestic sewage.

To the side wall 12B on the other side of the main body 12 of the device for separating the flowing water), the opposite side wall 12A with the specified one side attached pipe 12 for contaminated water. The diameter of the pipe 16 for contaminated water is set smaller than the diameter of the drain pipe 14 and the pipe 16 for contaminated water attached in place opposite the discharge pipe 14. In addition, the pipe 16 for contaminated water attached to this installation, as a device for wastewater treatment, and removes the separated portion of the waste water coming from the drain pipe 14 into the main body 12 of the device for separating the flowing water, in a device for cleaning waste water as contaminated water.

In addition, the side wall 12C, other than the side wall 12A with the specified one hand and the side wall 12B with the specified other side of the main body 12 of the device for separating a flowing water attached pipe 18 for rainwater. The diameter of the pipe 18 for rainwater is set much larger than the diameter of the pipe 16 for contaminated water, and slightly larger than the diameter of the drain pipe 14. In addition, the pipe 18 for rainwater communicates with the water area, such as a river, etc. and removes the separated portion of the waste water coming from the drain pipe 14 into the main body 12 of the device for separating a flowing water system public water supply, such as a river, etc. as rain water.

In the main body 12 of the device for dividing the flow of water through the first flowing water channel 20. The first flowing water channel 20 extends from the side wall 12A on the one hand to the side wall 12B on the other side of the main body 12 of the device for separating the flowing water. Thus, the waste water from the drain pipe 14 into the interior of the main body 12 of the device for separating the flowing water, served in the first flowing water channel 20, and part of the wastewater passes through the first flowing water channel 20 on the side of the pipe 16 for contaminated water.

The first flowing water channel 20 has a lower portion 22 of the channel the flow of water passing from the inner wall of the main body 12 of the device for separating the flowing water, and an overflow partition 24, passing in the vertical direction from the lower part 22 of the channel of running water. is that the first flowing water channel 20 is formed of a tray wall 24, serving as passing on the width of the canal on one side, and the inner wall of the main body 12 of the device for separating the flowing water, serving as passing on the width of the canal on the other side. Waste water from the drain pipe 14, pass through the lower part 22 of the channel of running water first flowing water channel 20 toward the side of the pipe 16 for contaminated water. The height of the overflow wall 24 is used to set the flow of the discharge (or flow rate, as described below), passing through the first flowing water channel 20, equal to a flow rate or less. Therefore, if the flow rate of wastewater passing through the first flowing water channel 20, is larger than a predefined flow rate of the waste water flowing through the first flowing water channel 20, passes over the overflow wall 24 and enters described below, a second channel 32 running water.

The following describes the basic elements of the present invention.

As shown in figure 1-10, between the overflow wall 24 and the inner wall 12D of the main body 12 of the device for separating the flowing water, which forms a first channel 20 running water, made many dividing walls 26 so as to block the waste water passing through the first flowing water channel 20. In other words, each of the separator is different wall 26 is intended for closing the first channel 20 running water. For this purpose, the first flowing water channel 20 along the first channel 20 running water consistently made many cameras 28 remove the water formed by surrounding the lower part 22 of the first channel of flowing water, a tray wall 24, the inner wall of the device 12 for separating the flowing water and the dividing wall (walls) 26. The camera 28 of the drainage consists of the first chamber 28A water diversion, located on the intake side (side drain pipe (14) in the flow direction of the first chamber 20 of flowing water, a third chamber 28C water diversion, located on the exhaust side (the side of the pipe 16 for contaminated water) in the flow direction of the first flowing water channel 20, and the second camera 28V water drainage, located between the first chamber 28A water drainage and the third chamber 28C water drainage. In addition, a dividing wall 26 consists of a first dividing wall 26A, which separates the first chamber 28A of the diversion of water and the second chamber 28V water drainage, and the second dividing wall 26B, which divides the second chamber 28V water drainage and the third chamber 28C water drainage.

In addition, a dividing wall 26A and 26B are made with throttle openings 30 serving as a throttle parts included respectively in the dividing wall 26A and 26B in the direction of thickness. More specifically, the throttle open is I 30 consist of the first openings 30A, completed in the first dividing wall 26A, which separates the first chamber 28A of the diversion of water and the second chamber 28B water drainage, and the second throttle hole 30B performed in the second dividing wall 26B, which divides the second chamber 28V water drainage and the third camera drainage 28C. Thus, the first chamber 28A of the diversion of water and the second chamber 28B water drainage are in flow communication with each other through the first hole 30A, that is, the waste water is fed from the first chamber 28A divert water into the second chamber 28B water drainage through the first throttle hole 30A. In addition, the second chamber 28B water drainage and the third camera drainage 28C are in flow communication with each other through the second throttle hole 30V, i.e. waste water is fed from the second chamber 28B of diversion of water in the third chamber 28C water drainage through the second hole 30B.

When this overflow partition 24 serving as a side wall on one side and passing on the width of the first channel 20 running water, consists of the first overflow partitions 24A constituting the wall of the first chamber 28A tap water, the second overflow partition 24B constituting the wall of the second chamber 28V water drainage, and a third overflow walls 24C constituting the wall of the third chamber 28C water drainage. From among the three overflow partitions 24A, 2B, and 24C of the first overflow partition wall 24A has the largest height, the second overflow partition wall 24B has a smaller height, and the third overflow baffle 24C has the smallest height (i.e. the ratio between the heights of the overflow baffles: the third overflow baffle 24C < a second overflow partition 24B < a first overflow partition 24A). In addition, of the three chambers 28A, 28B and 28C water drainage the first chamber 28A water drainage has the largest volume, the second chamber 28B water drainage is smaller, and the third chamber 28C water drainage has the smallest volume (i.e. the ratio between the volumes of the chambers water drainage: the third chamber 28C water drainage < a second chamber outlet 28B of water < a first chamber 28A water drainage).

In addition, the second channel 32 running water formed in the main body 12 of the device for separating the flowing water under the first flowing water channel 20. The second channel 32 running water formed in the lower part of the main body 12 of the device for separating the flowing water. Part of the sewage flowing over the overflow wall 24, forming the first channel 20 running water, falls into the second channel 32 running water and then passes through the second channel 32 running water and lands on the side of the pipe 18 for rainwater.

It should be noted that, although the above embodiment shows a construction in which the device 10 for under the Oia running water made three chambers 28A, 28B and 28C water drainage and two dividing walls 26A and 26B (throttle openings 30A and 30B), the solution is not limited to this design, and it can be used in designs that consistently made four or more cameras drainage and camera divert water separated by dividing walls and are in flow communication with each other through the holes, which is the throttle parts.

In addition, although the above example shows a construction in which in the separation walls 26A and 26B are made of throttle openings 30A and 30B, the solution is limited to this construction and may use a construction in which the throttle parts are slots 34 (see Fig). The slots 34 formed in the separation walls 26A and 26B, but, in contrast to the above holes made through open area varying in the direction of the wastewater stream.

The following describes the principles of transfer fluid in the device 10 for separating the flow of water in accordance with this embodiment.

The first principle

As shown in figure 11, the flow rate of wastewater entering their drain pipe 14, is equal to Qiconsumption of contaminated water coming from the pipe 16 to contaminated water, equal to QTand the flow of rain water coming from the pipe 18 for rainwater equal to QR a water flow flowing in the main body 12 of the device 10 for separating a flow of water equal to the water flow coming out of the main body 12 of the device for separating the flowing water, thus Qi=QR+QT.

The second principle

The increase of wastewater flow into each of the holes 30A and 30B increases the level of wastewater in each of the chambers 28A, 28B and 28C water drainage, located in front of the tube 16 to contaminated water, serving as a throttle hole or each of the throttle holes 30A and 30B, the value of ∆ H with increasing level (overflow) of wastewater in each of the chambers 28A, 28B and 28C water drainage. In this case, as described later, the increase of consumption at Δh increases the flow of wastewater passing through the pipe 16 to contaminated water or the orifice 30A, 30B 1/2 (of the total increase), and increase the flow of wastewater flowing over the overflow walls 24A, 24B and 24C on 2/3 of the total increase). In addition, the coefficient of discharge of the sewage flowing over each of the overflow baffles 24A, 24B and 24C, three times the coefficient of discharge of wastewater passing through the pipe 16 to contaminated water or throttle openings 30A, 30B. Therefore, the increase in the level of wastewater in each of the chambers 28A, 28B and 28C water drainage at Δh affects the increase in the consumption stock the x water shimmering through each of the overflow baffles 24A, 24B and 24C, to a greater extent than the increase of wastewater flow through the pipe 16 to contaminated water or throttle openings 30A, 30B.

In addition, the increase in the level of wastewater in each of the chambers 28A, 28B and 28C water drainage at Δh also affects the increase in the consumption of wastewater flowing over each of the overflow baffles 24A, 24B and 24C, to a greater extent than the increase in the consumption of wastewater passing through the slot 34 (see Fig).

In this case, as shown at 11 and 12, when the flow rate of the sewage flowing over the overflow walls 24A, 24B and 24C, is equal to QR(m3/s), flow coefficient is equal to CR(in General equal to 1.8), the width of the overflow is equal to B (m) and the height of the overflow of water equal to H (m), the flow rate of wastewater flowing over each of the overflow baffles 24A, 24B and 24C, is calculated by the formula QR=CR×B×(H)3/2.

As shown at 11 and 13, when the flow rate of wastewater passing through the throttle openings 30A, 30B, equal to QT(m3/s), flow coefficient equal To0(in General equal to 0.6), and water-level difference is equal to B (m) and the acceleration of gravity is g, the flow rate of wastewater passing through the throttle openings 30A, 30B, is calculated by the formula QT=C0×a×(2×g×h)1/2.

As shown in 11 and 14, when R is a gathering of wastewater passing through the slot 34, is equal to QT'(m3/s), flow coefficient equal To0'(in General, from 0.75 to 0.85), the width of the slot is equal to b (m), the water level in the inlet-side chamber of the diversion of water is equal to (m), and water-level difference equal to h (m) and the acceleration of gravity is g, the flow rate of wastewater passing through the slot 34, is calculated by the formula QT'=C0'×b×y×(2×g×h)1/2.

The following describes the separation of the flowing water device 10 for separating the flowing water.

As shown in figure 11, when the flow rate of wastewater coming from the pipe 16 to contaminated water, equal to QTconsumption of wastewater discharged from the drain pipe 14, is equal to Qithe discharge of wastewater flowing over the first overflow partition wall 24A of the first chamber 28A of the diversion of water equal to QR1the discharge of wastewater flowing over the second overflow partition wall 24B of the second chamber 28B of the diversion of water equal to QR2and wastewater flow flowing over a third overflow wall 24C of the third chamber 28C water taps equal to QR3from the first principle is obtained QT=Qi-(QR1+QR2+QR3). This means that increasing the flow rate of wastewater flowing over each overflow partition 24A, 24B and 24C, reduces the flow of wastewater arising from the pipe 16 to contaminated water.

As shown in figure 11, the level of those who UCA environment in each of the chambers 28A, 28B and 28C water drainage is incremented every time when the waste water passes through each of the throttle holes 30A and 30B with the reduction of wastewater flow reaching the pipe 16 to contaminated water, which follows from the second principle. More specifically, when the flow of wastewater passing through the first throttle hole 30A is equal to QT1and wastewater flow passing through the second throttle hole 30B is equal to QT2and when the level of wastewater in the third chamber 28C diversion of water equal to h3and wastewater flow coming from the pipe 16 to contaminated water, equal to QTin the second chamber 28B divert water consumption is equal to QT+QR3=QT2so that the water level h2waste water in the second chamber 28B water drainage is greater than the level h3wastewater in the third chamber 28C diversion of water (h3<h2). In addition, in the first chamber 28A divert water consumption is equal to QT2+QR2=QT1so that the sewage level h1in the first chamber 28A of the diversion of water is much greater than the level of wastewater h2in the second chamber 28B diversion of water (h2<<h1). While in the discharge pipe 14 is a flow rate of QT1+QR1=Qi. If several chambers 28A, 28B and 28C are arranged in a row, significantly increases the level of wastewater in the first chamber 28A water drainage that is located closest to Sliven the second pipe 14, and increases the flow of wastewater flowing over the first overflow partition wall 24A. Further increases in the level of wastewater in the second chamber 28B water drainage that is located closest to the first chamber 28A water drainage, and increases the flow of wastewater flowing over the second overflow partition wall 24B. Finally, increased wastewater flow in the second chamber 28C water drainage, located furthest from the drain pipe 14, and increases the flow of wastewater flowing over a third overflow wall 24C. As described above, most increases the flow of wastewater flowing over the first overflow partition wall 24A of the first chamber 28A tap water, further increasing the flow rate of the sewage flowing over the second overflow partition wall 24B of the second chamber 28B water drainage, and, finally, increases the flow of wastewater flowing over a third overflow wall 24C of the third chamber 28C water drainage.

In the first flowing water channel 20 in the direction of flow of wastewater formed several chambers 28A, 28B and 28C water drainage, separated sequentially, and in the respective dividing walls 26A and 26B formed throttle openings 30A and 30B to pass through them, wastewater, as described above, resulting in the discharge of wastewater flowing over each the overflow partition 24A, 24B and 24C chambers 28A, 28B and 28C water drainage, increases, thus increasing the flow rate of wastewater applied to the pipe 18 for rainwater. Thus, most of the waste water coming from the drain pipe 14 can be fed to the pipe 18 for rain water, and a small part of the waste water can be fed into the pipe to contaminated water. This could be improved performance for the separation of waste water coming from the drain pipe 14.

The following describes the operation of the device 10 for separating the flow of water in accordance with this embodiment.

As shown in figure 1-5, if the flow rate of wastewater coming from the drain pipe 14 into the main body 12 of the device for dividing a flow of water equal to the flow rate or less, the waste water flowing into the main body 12 of the device for the separation of wastewater passing through the throttle openings 30A and 30B, are sequentially through the chambers 28A, 28B and 28C water drainage, formed by division in the first flowing water channel 20. More specifically, the wastewater passes through the first flowing water channel 20 in the first chamber 28A remove the water and then pass through the first throttle hole 30A. When the waste water passes through the first throttle hole 30A, the wastewater level in the first chamber 28A divert water gradually uvelichenie the Xia, but the waste water does not spill through the first overflow partition wall 24A. Next, the wastewater is passed through the first throttle hole 30A, proceed into the second chamber 28B water drainage, pass through the first flowing water channel 20 and then reaches the second throttle hole 30B. Then when the waste water passes through the second throttle hole 30B, the wastewater level in the second chamber 28B of the diversion of water gradually increases, but the waste water does not spill through the second overflow partition wall 24B. Next, the wastewater is passed through the second throttle hole 30V, enter the third chamber 28C water drainage, pass through the first flowing water channel 20 and then reach a pipe 16 for contaminated water. Then when the waste water passing through the pipe 16 to contaminated water, the level of wastewater in the third chamber 28C diversion of water gradually increases, but the waste water does not spill over the third overflow baffle 24C.

As described above, if the flow rate of wastewater coming from the drain pipe 14 into the main body 12 of the device for dividing a flow of water equal to the flow rate or less, the waste water does not overflow through the overflow walls 24A, 24B and 24C and do not pass through the second channel 32 running water entering the pipe 18 for rain water, and the entire volume of waste in the, coming from the drain pipe 14 into the main body 12 of the device for dividing a flow of water entering the pipe 16 for contaminated water and play in a device for wastewater treatment. Then, in the device for wastewater treatment is specified wastewater treatment.

On the other hand, if the flow rate of wastewater coming from the drain pipe 14 into the first chamber 28A drainage of the main body 12 of the device for separating the flowing water, is greater than the specified flow rate, as shown in Fig.6-10, waste water into the first chamber 28A drainage of the main body 12 of the device for separating the flowing water, pass through the first flowing water channel 20 and then passes through the first throttle hole 30A, and the wastewater level in the first chamber 28A of the flowing water gradually increases as the flow rate of wastewater entering the main body 12 of the device for separation of the flowing water increases, and then the wastewater is transferred via the first overflow partition wall 24A. Waste water flowing over the first overflow partition 24A, pass through the second channel 32 running water, drawn through a pipe 18 for rain water and discharged into the waters of municipal water supply, such as a river, etc. As described above, if the flow rate of wastewater coming from the drain pipe 14 into the main body 12 in which trojstva for separating the flowing water, more preset flow rate, the waste water flowing into the main body 12 of the device for separating the flowing water are separated in the first chamber 28A water drainage.

Waste water passing through the first throttle hole 30A and coming into the second chamber 28B water drainage, pass through the first flowing water channel 20 toward the side of the second throttle hole 30B. Then the waste water passes through the second throttle hole 30B, and the level of wastewater in the second chamber 28B of the diversion of water gradually increases as the flow rate of wastewater entering the main body 12 of the device for separating the flowing water increases, and then the wastewater is transferred through the second overflow partition wall 24B. Waste water flowing over the second overflow partition 24B pass through the second channel 32 running water, drawn through a pipe 18 for rain water and discharged into the waters, such as river, etc. As described above, if the flow rate of wastewater coming from the drain pipe 14 into the main body 12 of the device for separating a flowing water exceeds the preset flow rate of waste water flowing into the main body 12 of the device for separating the flowing water, are also separated in the second chamber 28B water drainage.

Waste water passing through the second throttle hole 30V and coming in third camera is 28C water drainage, pass through the first flowing water channel 20 in the direction of the pipe 16 for contaminated water. Then the waste water passes through the second throttle hole 30B, and the level of wastewater in the third chamber 28C water drainage gradually increases as the flow rate of wastewater entering the main body 12 of the device for separating the flowing water increases, and eventually the wastewater is transferred through a third overflow wall 24C. Waste water flowing over a third overflow baffle 24C, pass through the second channel 32 running water, drawn through a pipe 18 for rain water and discharged into the waters, such as river, etc. As described above, if the flow rate of wastewater coming from the drain pipe 14 into the main body 12 of the device for separating a flowing water exceeds the preset flow rate of waste water flowing into the main body 12 of the device for separating the flowing water, are also separated in the third chamber 28C water drainage.

It should be noted that waste water from the third chamber 28C divert water into the pipe 16 for contaminated water discharged into the device for wastewater treatment. Then, in the device for wastewater treatment is given to wastewater treatment. As described above, a part of waste water coming from the drain pipe 14 into the first chamber 28A drainage of the main body 1 of the device for separating the flowing water, given how polluted water from the pipe 16 to contaminated water in the device for wastewater treatment, and most of the waste water coming from the drain pipe 14 into the first chamber 28A drainage of the main body 12 of the device for separating the flowing water, is given as rain water from the pipe 18 to collect the rain water in the water area, such as a river, etc. as rain water.

The following is a description of the movement of fluid from the point of view of the law of conservation of energy.

It should be noted that the following description will be made with runoff of wastewater passing through the interior of the main body 12 of the device for dividing a flow of water toward the exhaust side, in the case when the wastewater flow from the drain pipe 14 into the first chamber 28A drainage of the main body 12 of the device for dividing the flow of water is greater than the specified flow.

As shown in figure 11, the level of wastewater in the third chamber 28C water drainage, which provides the passage of a predetermined volume of wastewater in the pipe 16 to contaminated water, is defined through the calculation of non-uniform flow in the pipe 16 to contaminated water. This water level is higher than the third overflow baffle 24C, so the overflow volume of the sewage flowing over the third overflow baffle 24C, fully served what about the second channel 32 running water.

Wastewater flow passing through the second throttle hole 30B of the second chamber 28B water drainage, represents the flow rate obtained by adding the flow rate of wastewater arising from the pipe 16 to contaminated water, and wastewater discharge, shimmering through a third overflow wall 24C. Therefore, it is necessary to accumulate wastewater added costs (wastewater flow greater consumption of wastewater accumulated in the third chamber 28C water drainage) in the second chamber 28B water drainage, so that the level of wastewater in the second chamber 28V drain water was correspondingly higher. Therefore, the flow rate of the sewage flowing over the second overflow partition 24B, is a large consumption of overflow (flow overflow greater than the flow through the third overflow baffle 24C), corresponding to the increase of wastewater flow (water level increase), and overflow volume is fully served in the second channel 32 running water.

Wastewater flow passing through the first throttle hole 30A of the first chamber 28A divert water represents the flow rate obtained by adding the flow of wastewater passing through the second hole 30B, and wastewater discharge, shimmering through the second overflow partition wall 24B. Therefore, it is necessary to accumulate the waste water to be added expenses (supplies the d wastewater more wastewater discharge, accumulated in the second chamber 28B water drainage) in the first chamber 28A water drainage, so that the sewage level in the first chamber 28A of the drainage water was correspondingly higher. Therefore, the flow rate of the sewage flowing over the first overflow partition 24A, is a large consumption of overflow (flow overflow greater than the flow through the second overflow partition 24B), corresponding to the increase of wastewater flow (water level increase), and overflow volume is fully served in the second channel 32 running water.

As described above, in the device 10 for separating the flowing water made and structurally merged several chambers 28A, 28B and 28C water drainage, throttle openings 30A and 30B as a multiple throttle parts, and several overflow partitions 24A, 24B and 24C, which can improved performance separation for wastewater. Due to this, the load on the cleaning device for cleaning waste water from the pipe 16 for contaminated water can be reduced, which significantly reduces the cost of installation.

In particular, through the use of holes or slots as a throttle part throttle portion can be formed only through the opening in the separating wall, which eliminates the need to perform a separate device as a throttle part. Full satisfaction is that you can reduce the cost of manufacture and operation of the device 10 for separating the flowing water and to prevent increase in the size of the device.

Next is described a device for the separation of flowing water in accordance with the second embodiment of the present invention.

It should be noted that descriptions of construction, operation and maintenance of the matching description of construction, operation and maintenance of the device 10 for separating the flow of water in accordance with the first embodiment, is omitted.

As shown in Fig-18, the device 50 for dividing the flow of water in accordance with the second embodiment includes a main body 52 of the device for separating a flowing water (also known as a shell or casing), which has the shape of a box. To the side wall 52A on one side of the main body 52 of the device for dividing the flow of water attached to the drain pipe 54. From the drain pipe 54 in the main body 52 of the device for separating the flowing water as the flowing water waste water coming.

To the other side wall W perpendicular to the side wall 52A on one side of the main body 52 of the device for dividing the flow of water attached to the pipe 56 to contaminated water. The diameter of the pipe 56 to the contaminated water is set smaller than the diameter of the drain pipe 54. In addition, the pipe 56 for contaminated water attached to this installation, as a device for the treatment of sewage and drains Department is nnow part of the wastewater, coming from the drain pipe 54 in the main body 52 of the device for separating the flowing water, in a device for cleaning waste water as contaminated water.

In addition, the side wall on the other side of the main body 52 of the device for separating the flowing water, the opposite side wall 52A with the specified one side attached pipe 82 for rainwater. The diameter of the pipe 82 for rainwater is set much larger than the diameter of the pipe 56 to contaminated water, and is set equal to the diameter of the drain pipe 54. In addition, the pipe 82 for rainwater communicates with the water area, such as a river, etc. and removes the separated portion of the waste water coming from the drain pipe 54 in the main body 52 of the device for separating the flowing water, in the water area, such as a river, etc. as rain water.

Inside the main body 52 of the device for dividing the flow of water through the first channel 58 running water, having a nearly L-shaped in front view (see Fig). In the first channel 52 of running water made a few dividing walls 60 and several overflow partitions, so consistently in the direction of flow of wastewater they form several chambers 64 water drainage. More specifically, in the first channel 58 of running water made two dividing walls 60A and 60B, so that the three chambers 64A, 64B and S water drainage is edeleny.

The first chamber 64A water drainage has an almost L-shape in front view (see Fig)formed in the first channel 58 water drainage and separated first overflow partition A having a nearly L-shaped in front view (see Fig), the first adjusting overflow wall 62D having a nearly L-shaped in front view (see Fig) opposite the first overflow partitions A, and the first dividing wall 60A. The first chamber 64A water drainage is in flow communication with a drain pipe 54.

The second camera V the removal of the water formed in the first channel 58 of running water and the separated second overflow wall 62B having a nearly L-shaped in front view (see Fig), the second adjusting overflow wall 62E, elongated in the line, the first dividing wall 60A and the second dividing wall 60B.

The third camera IS the removal of the water formed in the first channel 58 running water and separated by a third overflow partition S having a reverse L-shape in front view (see Fig), the third adjusting overflow partition 62F, runs right, the second dividing wall 60B and the side wall W the main body 52 of the device for separating the flowing water. The third camera S water drainage is in flow communication with the pipe 56 to contaminated water.

The first chamber 6A of the drainage is located near the drain pipe 54 and is closest to the inlet side in the flow direction of the first channel 58 running water, the third camera S water drainage is located near the pipe 56 to contaminated water and closest to the exhaust side in the flow direction of the first channel 58 running water, and the second chamber 64B water diversion is located between the first chamber 64A water drainage and the third camera S water drainage so that the chambers 64A, 64B and S the removal of the water formed sequentially in the direction of flow of wastewater passing through the first channel 58 of running water.

In addition, the first dividing wall 60A has a first throttle hole 66A, so that the first chamber 64A of the diversion of water and the second chamber 64B water drainage are in flow communication with each other. In addition, the second dividing wall 60 also has a second throttle hole 66B, so that the second chamber 64B water drainage and the third camera S water drainage are in flow communication with each other.

While in the first chamber 64 water drainage there are two lattice filter 70A and 70B (device for removing inclusions)that are located opposite each other. Filter grilles 70A and 70B are along the main flow direction (in the X-direction arrow on Fig and 18), which is the direction of the inlet waste water coming from the drain pipe 54. Therefore, the first chamber 64 of the diversion of water separated by filtering nets 70A and 70B into two chambers, i.e. the camera 68A big objemail chamber 68B small volume, being in flow communication with the lower part of the chamber 68A large volume. It should be noted that the direction of flow of wastewater passing through the chamber 68B small volume of the first chamber 64A tap water, the second chamber 64B water drainage and the third camera S water drainage, defined as the branch (the Y direction arrow on Fig and 16) relative to the main flow direction.

The main direction of flow of wastewater coincides with the direction of inlet wastewater discharged from the drain pipe 54 into the interior of the main body 52 of the device for separating the flowing water, and represents the direction in which the movement coincides with the motion of the passing of wastewater. On the other hand, the branch wastewater represents a direction perpendicular to the main direction of flow of wastewater, in which the momentum of inertia passing wastewater is not directly transmitted. Therefore, the waste water tend to be in the main flow direction, so that most of the waste water takes place in the direction of the first adjusting the overflow wall 62D, as part of the wastewater takes place in the direction of the branch through the filter grating 70 V and moved to the side of the camera V small volume of the first chamber 64A water drainage.

As shown in Fig, filter grille 70A includes an external carcass, formed by assembling vertical outer housing 72 of the grid and the horizontal outer frame 74 of the lattice. In addition, inside the outer frame 76 made several rods 78 of the grating are parallel to each other with a specified interval. The vertical outer frame 72 grille, horizontal outer frame 74 of the lattice and the rods 78 grid made of steel or chloride. It should be noted that the filter grille 70B is of the same construction as the first filter grille 70A.

The interval between the terminals 78 of the grating is set so as to prevent the ingress of impurities. In addition, each rod 78 of the lattice is located at an angle opposite to the main flow direction (X-direction arrow on Fig and 18) of wastewater. More specifically, the tilt angle α of each of the rods 78 of the grid is stupid, opposite to the main flow direction (X-direction arrow on Fig and 18). As described above, each of the rods 78 of the lattice is tilted in the direction opposite to the main direction of flow of the sewage, and is designed to enable contained in the wastewater flowing in the primary direction, does not protrude into the space between the rods 78 of the lattice. In addition, the filtration grid 70A and 70B are made in areas in which the wastewater is held in the main direction of the eye in the chamber 68A large so enable contained in the wastewater, do not stay near the filter arrays 70A and 70B. This helps prevent clogging inclusions space between the rods 78 arrays 70A and 70B and to ensure that part of the wastewater through the space between the rods 78 of the lattice at any time. Through this prevents deterioration of the filter arrays 70A and 70B due to the clogging of the inclusions, and no need of maintenance of the filtering nets 70A and 70B.

As shown in Fig-18, under the first channel 58 flowing water formed by the second channel 80 running water. The second channel 80 running water is in flow communication with the pipe 82 for rainwater. In the second channel 80 running water and a first adjusting overflow wall 62D performed the first device 84 for collection, which collects inclusions. In addition, inside the first device 84 for collecting completed the second device 86 to collect. In addition, inside the second device 86 for collecting completed the third device 88 for collection.

Volumes of devices 84, 86 and 88 for collecting set so that the first device 84 for collection has the largest volume, and the third device 88 for collection has the smallest volume. More specifically, the volume of devices 84, 86 and 88 for fees increase from the third device 88 is La collection, located closest to the center, to the second device 86 for collecting, located between two other devices to collect, and to the first device 84 for collecting, located furthest from the center.

In addition, each of the devices 84, 86 and 88 for collecting performed by attaching elastic and flexible mesh chassis for supporting the rack of steel. While the cell size of the mesh casing 84, 86 and 88 for collecting specified in such a way that the mesh cell body of the first device 84 for collecting the smallest cell of a mesh body of the third device 88 to collect the biggest and cell mesh body of the second device 86 for collecting occupies an intermediate position between the other two. Therefore, the cell of the mesh body of the third device 88 for collecting closest to the centre, the biggest, the mesh cell body of the second device 86 to collect less, and the mesh cell body of the first device 84 for collecting, located furthest from the center of the smallest.

The following describes the operation of the device 50 for dividing the flow of water in accordance with the second embodiment.

It should be noted that a job description that matches the description of the operation of the device 10 for separating the flow of water in accordance with the first embodiment, opus the but.

As shown in Fig-18, the waste water coming from the drain pipe 54 in the main body 52 of the device 50 for separating the flowing water, are in the main direction of flow through the chamber 68A large volume of the first chamber 64A water drainage. In this case, since the rods 78 of the filter arrays 70A and 70B is inclined at an obtuse angle to the main flow direction, inclusions contained in tap water, do not fall into the camera W small volume through the space between the rods 78 of the lattice, and are further in the main direction of flow through the chamber 68A large volume of the first chamber 64A water drainage. Wastewater comes in contact with the first regulating overflow wall 62B, and inclusion remain on it. As described above, inclusion contained in the wastewater are moved under the force of the flow of wastewater in the direction of the first adjusting partitions 62D and remain near her. Then with further increase of the flow rate of wastewater coming from the drain pipe 54, the level of sewage in the chamber 68A large volume rises, and, eventually, enable shimmer through the first adjusting an overflow wall 62D and fall in the third device 88 for collection, made in the second channel 80 running water. Enable get inside the third device 88 to collect, pass through the mesh of the third device is istwa 88 to collect and pass through the grid of the second device 86 for collection in accordance with the size and moved to the first device 84 to collect. It should be noted that the mesh cell body of the first device 84 for collecting set small, so that switching is not passed through the mesh cell body of the first device 84 for the collection and does not protrude into the pipe 82 for rainwater. As described above, inclusion, shimmering through the first adjusting an overflow wall 62D and falling down, sorted and collected in three devices 84, 86 and 88 for collection in accordance with the size (volume). This can be provided with automatic collection of inclusions contained in the wastewater, without additional human intervention or the use of additional devices. It should be noted that the waste water from which removed the enable pass through the second channel 80 flowing water in the inlet pipe 82 for rain water and discharged into the waters, such as river, etc.

On the other hand, part of the wastewater flowing in the main flow direction through the chamber 68A large volume, passes between the rods of the lattice and into the chamber 68B small volume of the first chamber 64A water drainage. Waste water flowing into the chamber 68B small volume, pass through the first throttle hole 66A and fall into the second chamber 64B water drainage, pass down through the second throttle hole 66B and into the third chamber C water drainage. Then the waste water postupaut pipe 56 for contaminated water from the third chamber C water drainage and disposed in the device for wastewater treatment.

Then, as in the device 10 for separating the flow of water in accordance with the first embodiment, when the flow rate of wastewater entering the first chamber 64A water drainage, increased levels of sewage in the chamber 68A large volume and the chamber 68B small volume rise and wastewater, in the end, shimmer through the first overflow partition A and the first adjusting an overflow wall 62D. Iridescent waste water is fed to the second channel 80 running water. While the above-described lattice filter 70A and 70B are made in places other than the location in which the first adjusting overflow wall 62D installed third device 88 for collection, so that only the waste water passing through the rods 78 of the grid, enter the second channel 80 running water in places other than the location in which the first adjusting overflow wall 62D installed third device 88 for collecting. Therefore, it is possible to prevent the ingress of impurities into place in the second channel 80 running water, different from the third device 88 for collection.

In addition, when the flow rate of wastewater entering the second chamber 64B water drainage, increases the level of wastewater in the second chamber 64B divert water rises, and, in the end, the wastewater is transferred through the second overflow partition wall 6B and the second adjusting an overflow partition E. Iridescent waste water is fed to the second channel 80 running water. When this waste water flowing into the second chamber 64B tap water, do not contain impurities, and therefore, the waste water flowing over the second overflow wall 62B and the second adjusting an overflow partition E and falling in the second channel 80 running water, do not contain inclusions that prevents the ingress of impurities into the region of the second channel 80 running water, different from the third device 88 for collection.

In addition, when the flow rate of wastewater entering the third camera S water drainage, increases the level of wastewater in the third chamber S divert water rises, and, in the end, the wastewater is transferred through a third overflow partition S and the third adjusting an overflow partition 62F. Iridescent waste water is fed to the second channel 80 running water. When this wastewater in the third camera IS tap water, do not contain impurities, and therefore, the waste water flowing over a third overflow partition S and the third adjusting an overflow partition 62F and falling in the second channel 80 running water, do not contain inclusions that prevents inclusions in place of the second channel 80 running water, different from the third device 88 for collection.

It should be noted that the relationship between what asgodom wastewater passing through each of the holes 66A and 66B, and the flow rate of wastewater flowing through each overflow partition A, 62B and S, the same as in the device 10 for separating the flow of water in accordance with the first embodiment, and therefore the description is omitted.

As described above, since most of the waste water coming from the drain pipe 54 in the main body 52 of the device for dividing a flow of water entering the pipe 82 for rainwater through the second channel 80 flowing water, can be improved the performance of the separation wastewater device 50 for separating the flowing water. Due to this, the flow of wastewater discharged from a pipe 56 for contaminated water in the device for treatment of wastewater can be reduced, which reduces the cost of the device for wastewater treatment.

As described above, the device 50 for dividing the flow of water in accordance with the second embodiment provides the capability of removing impurities contained in the wastewater before the wastewater is coming from the drain pipe 54 into the interior of the main body 52 of the device for dividing the flow of water coming into the chamber 68B small volume of the first chamber 64A tap water, the second chamber 64B water drainage and the third camera IS water drainage. In addition, as regards the manner of removal on the values, enable pass in the direction to the main flow direction of the wastewater, so that inclusion can move in the flow of wastewater into the side of the devices 84, 86 and 88 to collect. In addition, inclusions are in the main direction of flow of wastewater, which does not allow impurities to reach the side of the throttle holes 66A and 66B arranged in the direction of the branch wastewater. In addition, the second channel 80 of flowing water and is equipped with devices 84, 86 and 88 for collection, allowing you to easily collect enable falling in the second channel 80 running water, automatically using devices 84, 86 and 88 to collect. Because of this it is not necessary in the management of the collection of inclusions involving human subjects or using mechanical devices.

However, since acquisition devices have different size and different size of the mesh cell of the body and form the triple structure of the devices 84, 86 and 88 for collecting, inclusions can be divided according to the size of the cells devices 84, 86 and 88 to collect. More specifically, the inclusion of very large size are collected by a third device 88 for collection, with the largest cell and located closest to the center, enabling smaller going second device 86 for collection, located in the middle, and the inclusion of the smallest size are going first device 84 Glassboro, having the smallest cell and located furthest from the center. Thus, the inclusion can be collected automatically and separately for each size (volume) inclusions.

In addition, since the first chamber 64A of the tap water supplied filter arrays 70A and 70B, the waste water can pass from the chamber 68A large volume in the chamber 68B small volume remote from the wastewater inclusions. Thus, it can be prevented from entering inclusions passing through holes 66A and 66B, the pipe 56 to contaminated water. In addition, because of the inclusion in the wastewater passing through the filter mesh A, 62B and S and overflowing through the overflow partition 62D, E and 62F and adjusting the overflow partition 62D, E and 62F are missing can be prevented from entering inclusions in the pipe 82 for rainwater.

In particular, as shown in Fig, each filtration bars 70A and 70B comprises a vertical outer frame 72 grille, horizontal outer frame 74 grids and rods 78 of the lattice, which allows us to produce a device for removing inclusions simple design, made with the possibility of removal of inclusions.

The following describes the wastewater system, which uses the device for dividing the flow of water in accordance with the above described embodiment of the present invention, it Should be noted, in this device for separating a flowing water can be used in the device 10 for separating the flow of water in accordance with the first embodiment or the device 50 for dividing the flow of water in accordance with the second embodiment.

First described the wastewater system, which uses the camera 100 drain rainwater (see Fig or 26), known from the prior art.

As shown in Fig, the camera 100 drain rainwater (see Fig or 26) of the system 200 wastewater attached pipe 202 for wastewater. In the pipe 202 for wastewater serves a waste water drain line waste water, which are mixed household waste and sewage rainwater, and a line of liquid sewage in which household sewage waste and rain water are separated. Thus, the waste water drain line waste water, which are mixed household waste and sewage, rain water, and part of the domestic sewage wastewater line liquid wastewater, which is divided household sewage water and rain water, served in a pipe 202 for wastewater passing into the chamber 100 drain rainwater. In addition, the portion of domestic sewage waste water in line liquid wastewater is fed into the device 206 for wastewater treatment (treatment plant) through a pipe 204 for wastewater. In addition to the, rainwater sewage in the line of liquid wastewater is fed into the river through a pipe 207 wastewater.

The camera 100 drain rainwater attached pipe 208 wastewater so that the wastewater (domestic sewage water and rain water)flowing over the overflow wall 112 of the camera 100 drain rainwater pass through pipe 208 for wastewater and discharged into the river.

The camera 100 of drainage of rain water through the pipe 210 for wastewater attached device 206 for wastewater treatment. Waste water is not flowing over the overflow wall 112 and fed into the interior of the chamber 100 drainage of rain water passing through the pipe 210 for wastewater and held in the device 206 for wastewater treatment.

The camera 100 of drainage of rain water through the pipe 214 for wastewater attached device 212 to store water, designed to regulate the flow of wastewater passing into the device 206 for wastewater treatment. During heavy rain of the waste water is fed into the interior of the chamber 100 drainage of rain water and poured through an overflow partition 112, passes through the pipe 214 for wastewater and enters the device 212 to store water.

The device 212 accumulation of rain water through the pipe 216 wastewater attached device 206 for cleaning the internal waters. Wastewater is temporarily accumulated in the device 212 to store water, discharged into the device 206 for the treatment of sewage through the pipe 216 wastewater.

Wastewater is fed to the device 206 for wastewater treatment, purified using the device for wastewater treatment and discharged into the river through a pipe 218 wastewater.

In accordance with Fig system 200 for wastewater at small flow sewage waste water supplied into the chamber 100 rain water drainage, held in the device 100 for cleaning waste water flowing through an overflow partition 112. Then the wastewater is treated in the device 206 for wastewater treatment and then discharged into the river. Therefore, through an overflow partition wall 112 of the camera 100 drain rainwater poured a little of wastewater or no shimmer waste water, so that the flow rate of waste water passing into the device 212 to store water, very small.

In another case, when the wastewater flow is increased due to heavy rain, part of the waste water supplied into the chamber 100 drainage of rain water overflows through an overflow partition 112 and passes through a pipe 208 wastewater into the river, and passes through the pipe 214 for wastewater in the device 212 to store water. Then the wastewater is temporarily accumulated in the device 212 for) the financing of the water. However, most of the waste water supplied into the chamber 100 drainage of rain water is poured through an overflow partition wall 112, and is supplied through the pipe 210 for wastewater in the device 206 for wastewater treatment.

The first disadvantage

In this case, as the traditional camera 100 tap water has low performance separation of flowing water, the majority of wastewater is fed into the device 206 for wastewater treatment, even when wastewater flow increases due to heavy rain. Therefore it is necessary to increase the size of the device 206 for wastewater treatment and improved cleaning performance. This creates a problem, is to increase the cost of manufacture and maintenance device 206 for wastewater treatment. It should be noted that if to reduce the price is set low performance cleaning device 206 for the treatment of sewage, the river can get enough purified water, which leads to environmental pollution.

The second disadvantage

In addition, as in the traditional system 200 wastewater into the chamber 100 drain rainwater temporarily receives wastewater with a high degree of pollution containing sediments present at the beginning of the rain, for example on the road or in the pipe for sewage, waste waters, shimmering black is C an overflow partition 112, increases. In this case, part of the sewage flowing over the overflow wall 112, passes through the pipe 214 for wastewater in the device 212 to store water. Because of this, the volume of accumulated water in unit 212 to store water increases, which leads to the necessity of increasing the size of the device 212 to store water, with a corresponding increase in the cost of construction.

It should be noted that, despite the fact that to reduce the flow rate of wastewater entering the device 212 to store water, you can increase the height of the overflow baffles 112, this increase will lead to an increase of the flow rate of wastewater entering the device 206 for wastewater treatment. So, you want to increase the size of the device 206 for wastewater treatment and increase productivity, which leads to another disadvantage in a significant increase in the cost of manufacture and maintenance. Measures to eliminate the above first and second defects are opposite to each other, so in the design, which uses the camera 100 drain rainwater from the prior art, having a small capacity split running water, to remove both lack impossible. Therefore, constantly raises two issues, namely the increase in SRT is on device 206 for water purification or the increase in the cost of the device 212 to store water, as well as the pollution of the river.

Further, instead of the above-described camera 100 water drainage system 200 wastewater describes the comparative example wastewater system, which uses the device 10 or 50 for separating the flowing water (see figure 1 and Fig) in accordance with the first embodiment or the second embodiment of the present invention. It should be noted that the items on Fig matching items on pig have the same reference numbers of the positions of the elements on Fig.

Comparative example

As shown in Fig, in the comparative example to the device 221 for separating a flowing water system 220 wastewater attached pipe 202 for wastewater. In the pipe 202 for wastewater are served by waste water from the drain line waste water, which are mixed household waste and sewage rainwater, and a line of liquid sewage in which household sewage waste and rain water are separated. Waste water drain line waste water, which are mixed household waste and sewage, rain water, and part of the domestic sewage wastewater line liquid sewage, in a mix of domestic sewage water and rain water, served in a pipe 202 for wastewater, go to device 221 for separating the flowing water. In addition, the portion of domestic sewage with the internal water line liquid wastewater is fed into the device 206 for the treatment of sewage through the pipe 204 for wastewater. In addition, rainwater sewage in the line of liquid wastewater is fed into the river through a pipe 207 wastewater. It should be noted that for the device 221 for separating the flowing water is used, the device 10 or 50 for separating the flowing water, is shown in figure 1 or Fig.

It should be noted that the pipe 210 for wastewater correspond to the pipe 16 (56) for contaminated water (see figure 2 or Fig)connected to the device 206 for wastewater treatment, pipe 202 for compliance wastewater discharge pipe 14 (54) (see figure 2 or Fig), and pipe 208 wastewater corresponds to the pipe 18 (82) for rain water (see figure 2 or Fig) for sewage into the river. In addition, the device 221 for separating the flowing water also provides pipe 214 for wastewater intended for feeding waste water flowing over the overflow partition with 24A through 24C (A on C), the device 212 to store water.

The system 220 wastewater described in the comparative example, the performance of the separation device 221 for dividing the flow of water is increased, so that through the overflow partition with 24A through 24C (A on C) shimmers with a greater amount of wastewater than in the chamber 100 water drainage. Therefore, the flow rate of wastewater entering from the pipe 210 for wastewater in the device 206 for wastewater treatment, significantly reduced. Thus, even in case of heavy rain wastewater flow, supplied to the device 206 for wastewater treatment, can be reduced, which reduces the size of the device 206 for wastewater treatment and to eliminate the need to enhance the cleaning performance. Due to this, the manufacturing cost and maintenance cost of the device 206 for wastewater treatment can be significantly reduced. Thus, the first drawback arising in the wastewater system, which uses the camera 100 drain rainwater from the prior art can be eliminated.

On the other hand, in the system 220 of wastewater, which is a comparative example, the flow rate of the sewage flowing over the overflow partition with 24A through 24C (A on C) device 221 for separating the flowing water increases, so that the flow of sewage flowing into the river through a pipe 208 wastewater, and wastewater flow supplied to the device 212 to store water, through the pipe 214 for wastewater increase. In this case, it is necessary to increase the size of the device 212 to store water, to increase the amount of accumulation of water in the device 212 to store water, which increases installation costs. For this reason, the second drawback arising in the wastewater system, which uses the camera 100 drain rainwater from the level of technology is key, cannot be resolved.

The implementation of the invention

The following is a description of a new wastewater system, which uses the device 10 or 50 for separating the flowing water (see figure 1 or Fig) in accordance with the first embodiment or the second embodiment of the present invention.

As shown in Fig, in the best embodiment of the invention the first device 231 for separating a flowing water system 230 wastewater attached pipe 232 wastewater (discharge pipe). In the pipe 232 for wastewater are served by waste water from the drain line waste water, which are mixed household sewage water and rainwater. Next, the waste water drain line waste water, which are mixed household sewage water and rain water in the pipe 232 for wastewater goes into the inner portion of the first device 231 for separating the flowing water. In addition, to the first device 231 for separating the flowing water attached pipe 234 for wastewater that drains waste water flowing over the overflow partition with 24A through 24C (A on C), (see figure 1 and Fig), in the river.

Pipe 236 wastewater (first trumpet), attached to the first device 231 for separating the flowing water, corresponds to the pipe 16 (56) for contaminated water (see figure 2 or Fig), pipe 232 to the article is cnyh water corresponds to the discharge pipe 14 (54) (see 2 or Fig), and pipe 234 corresponds to the pipe 18 (82) for rain water (see figure 2 or Fig). It should be noted that for the first device 231 for separating the flowing water is used, the device 10 or 50 for separating the flowing water, is shown in figure 1 or Fig.

To the first device 231 for dividing the flow of water through pipe 236 wastewater attached second unit 233 for separating the flowing water. Waste water is not flowing over the overflow partition with 24A through 24C (A on C) (see figure 1 and Fig) in the first device 231 for separating the flowing water, is disposed in the second device 233 for dividing the flow of water through pipe 236 wastewater. On the other hand, the waste water flowing over the overflow partition with 24A through 24C (A on C) (see figure 1 and Fig) in the first device 231 for dividing the flow of water discharged into the river through a pipe 234 for wastewater. It should be noted that for the second device 233 for separating the flowing water is used, the device 10 or 50 for separating the flowing water, is shown in figure 1 or Fig.

The second device 233 for dividing the flow of water through pipes 238 wastewater (second pipe) attached device 206 for wastewater treatment (cleaning device running water). In addition, the second device 233 for separating the flowing water p the means of pipe 240 for wastewater (third pipe) attached device 212 to store water. The device 212 to store water through pipe 242 wastewater (fourth pipe attached pipe 238 wastewater (it should be noted that the tube 242 wastewater may not be attached to the pipe 238 wastewater, and directly to the device 206 for wastewater treatment). In addition, the pipe 244 wastewater attached to the device 206 for wastewater treatment, so that the treated waste water is discharged into the river through a pipe 244 wastewater. As described above, the first device 231 for wastewater treatment and the second device 233 for wastewater treatment are connected in series.

Pipe 238 wastewater attached to the second device 233 for separating the flowing water, corresponds to the pipe 16 (56) for contaminated water (see figure 2 or Fig), and pipe 240 for wastewater corresponds to the pipe 18 (82) for rain water (see figure 2 or Fig).

In the system 230 sewage, submitted during heavy rain in the first device 231 for dividing the flow of water through the pipe 232, easily spill over overflow partitions with 24A through 24C (A on C) (see figure 1 and Fig), as the performance division of wastewater first device 231 for separating the flowing water improved. Thus, the flow rate of wastewater supplied from the first device 231 for separating the flowing water in the second elimination of the ETS 233 for separating the flowing water 233, reduced. On the other hand, the wastewater flow received from the first device 231 to separate water into the river through a pipe 234 for wastewater increased.

Waste water from the first device 231 for dividing the flow of water into the second device 233 for separating the flowing water, optionally separated by the second device 233 for separating the flowing water. As a second device 233 for separating the flowing water has a high performance separation, waste water supplied to the inside of the second device 233 for separating the flowing water, can easily be transferred via overflow partitions with 24A through 24C (A on C) (sm and Fig). Part of the waste water supplied to the inside of the second device 233 for separating the flowing water is not flowing over the overflow partition with 24A through 24C (A on C) (see figure 1 and Fig), served on the tube 238 wastewater in the device 206 for wastewater treatment. Part of the waste water supplied to the inside of the second device 233 for separating the flowing water flowing over the overflow partition with 24A through 24C (A on C) (see figure 1 and Fig), is fed through the pipe 240 for wastewater in the device 212 to store water.

However, since the waste water supplied to the inside of the second device 233 for wastewater treatment, easy to shimmer through the overflow partition 24 is at 24C (A on C) (see 1 and Fig), the flow rate of wastewater fed to the device 206 for wastewater treatment, decreases, and the flow rate of wastewater fed to the device 212 to store water, relatively increases. Wastewater is fed to the device 206 for wastewater treatment, purified and then discharged into the river. In addition, wastewater is fed to the device 212 to store water temporarily accumulated in the device 212 to store water and periodically discharged to the device 206 for wastewater treatment.

As described above, in the system 230 wastewater performance division wastewater first device 231 for wastewater treatment is increased, so that a greater number of wastewater overflows through the overflow partition with 24A through 24C (A on C) (see figure 1 and Fig) and is discharged into the river through a pipe 234 for wastewater. This significantly reduces the consumption of wastewater supplied from the first device 231 for dividing the flow of water into the second device 233 for separating the flowing water 233. In addition, the wastewater is fed into the second device 233 for separating the flowing water, optionally separated. Thus, most of the waste water fed into the second device 233 for separating the flowing water flowing through the overflow partition with 24A through 24C (A on C) (see figure 1 and Fig) and submits the I device 212 to store water. In addition, part of the wastewater fed into the second device 233 for separating the flowing water is not flowing over the overflow partition with 24A through 24C (A on C) (see figure 1 and Fig), served in the device 206 for wastewater treatment. Wastewater is fed to the device 212 to store water, are fed into the device 206 for wastewater treatment with a time offset.

Thus, the waste water is first separated in the first device 231 for separating the flowing water, so most of the waste water flows over the overflow partition with 24A through 24C (A on C) (see figure 1 and Fig) to drain into the river. In addition, a small amount of waste water flowing over the overflow partition with 24A through 24C (A on C) (see figure 1 and Fig) in the first device 231 for separating the flowing water, is pumped into the second device 233 for separating the flowing water, so that the flow rate of the wastewater supplied to the second device 233 for separating the flowing water, can be significantly reduced. Then the wastewater is fed into the second device 233 for separating the flowing water, optionally separated by the second device 233 for separating the flowing water, and thus the waste water overflow through the overflow partition with 24A through 24C (A on C) (see figure 1 and Fig) for submission to the device 212 to accumulate water is. However, the amount of wastewater fed to the device 212 to store water, a little, because this number is part of the waste water separated in the first device 231 for separating the flowing water and additionally split second device 233 for separating the flowing water. In addition, a small amount of waste water flowing over the overflow partition with 24A through 24C (A on C) (see figure 1 and Fig) in the second device 233 for separating the flowing water, is fed into the device 206 for the treatment of wastewater so that the wastewater flow supplied to the device 206 for wastewater treatment can be significantly reduced. In particular, the amount of waste water supplied to the device 206 for wastewater treatment, very little, because it is a small part of the waste water separated in the first device 231 for separating the flowing water and additionally split second device 233 for separating the flowing water. On the other hand, the wastewater is fed into the device 212 to store water, eventually served in the device 206 for wastewater treatment, but diverted to the device 206 for wastewater treatment after regulation time (with a lag) with the productivity of the cleaning device 206 for wastewater treatment. Therefore, it is possible to purify wastewater in accordance with and is eusas cleaning performance without increasing the size of the device 206 for wastewater treatment.

In sum, the first device 231 for separating the flowing water and the second device 233 to clean running water are connected in series, so the wastewater flow supplied from the first device 231 for wastewater treatment in the second device 233 for wastewater treatment can be significantly reduced (the first effect of reducing the discharge of wastewater). In addition, the wastewater flow supplied from the second device 233 for dividing the flow of water directly to the device 206 for wastewater treatment, can also be significantly reduced (the second effect of reducing the discharge of wastewater).

Additionally, there is also the waste water supplied from the second device 233 for dividing the flow of water directly to the device 206 for wastewater treatment through the device 212 to accumulate wastewater, which takes into account the performance of the cleaning device 206 for wastewater treatment process for waste water supply from the device 212 for the accumulation of wastewater in devices 206 for wastewater treatment. In other words, the waste water discharged from the device 212 for the accumulation of wastewater in the device 206 for wastewater treatment with a lag, with the control of the remaining quantity of wastewater that is treated in the device 206 for wastewater treatment (Tr is the article the effect of reducing the discharge of wastewater). As described above, the first effect of reducing the flow of wastewater, the second the effect of reducing the flow of wastewater and the third the effect of reducing the discharge of wastewater are implemented simultaneously, which allows to increase the size of the device 206 for wastewater treatment and not to improve the purification performance. Due to this, the manufacturing cost, maintenance cost and operating cost of the device 206 for wastewater treatment can be significantly reduced.

In addition, can be reduced wastewater flow supplied to the device 206 for wastewater treatment that allows you to completely clean waste water in the device 206 for wastewater treatment described above without increasing the cleaning performance. Thanks for prevention of pollution in the river can be discharged fully treated wastewater.

Thus, the flow rate of wastewater entering the device 206 for wastewater treatment, significantly reduced, which eliminates the above first drawback.

On the other hand, with regard to the above second disadvantage waste water flowing over the overflow partition with 24A through 24C (A on C) (see figure 1 and Fig) inside the second device 233 for separating the flowing water, go into the device 212 to store water, but the flow of sewage in the, coming from the first device 231 for dividing the flow of water into the second device 233 for separating the flowing water, is significantly reduced due to the high performance division of wastewater first device 231 for separating the flowing water (due to the above-described first effect of reducing consumption). Therefore, the flow rate of the sewage flowing over the overflow partition with 24A through 24C (A on C) (see figure 1 and Fig) inside the second device 233 to separate water into the device 212 to store water, significantly reduced due to the fact that these waste waters are a waste of water, subjected to a further separation. This eliminates the need to increase the size of the device 212 to store water, which reduces the manufacturing cost. Thus, the second drawback can be eliminated.

1. Device for dividing a flow of water coming from the drain pipe and drain this water into the pipe for contaminated water and the pipe for rain water, contains:
the first channel of flowing water, comprising an overflow wall that restricts the flow of running water coming from the drain pipe, and directing the flowing water coming from the drain pipe, the pipe contaminated water;
the second channel of running water, the direction of the Commissioner, flowing water, shimmering through an overflow partition, a pipe for rain water;
the separation wall to block the flow of water passing through the first channel of running water, with the formation of cameras divert water separated in the first channel of running water, and
the throttle portion formed in the dividing wall for throttling the flow of flow of water passing from one chamber divert water into another chamber of the tap water.

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that there are several dividing walls made in the direction of flow of the flowing water flowing through the first channel of flowing water, and the camera remove the water formed sequentially along the flow direction of the flowing water.

3. The device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the part throttle is a throttle opening.

4. The device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that in the chamber of the tap water on the intake side located closest to the inlet in the direction of the flow chambers water drainage, is provided a device for removing impurities contained in the flowing water coming from the drain pipe, and running water from which the specified device is removed include, goes to the throttle part.

5. The device according to claim 4, characterized in that the position opposite to the discharge pipe of the camera from the ode of water, located on the intake side, is provided for adjusting the overflow partition, a component of the specified overflow partitions forming chamber water diversion, located on the intake side, and the flowing water flowing over adjusting an overflow partition is sent to the second channel of running water.

6. The device according to claim 5, characterized in that the device for removing inclusions consists of a lattice filter, including many rods of the lattice, made at a given distance from each other and angled relative to the direction of flow of running water coming from the drain pipe.

7. The device according to claim 5, characterized in that the second channel of water running in position under the adjusting overflow partition is provided a device for removing impurities.

8. The method of separation of flowing water using a device for dividing a flow of water containing the first channel of flowing water, comprising an overflow wall that restricts the flow of running water coming from the drain pipe, and directing the flowing water coming from the drain pipe, the pipe contaminated water; a second channel running water, directing the flowing water flowing over the overflow wall into the pipe for rain water; the separator is strong wall to block the flow of water, passing through the first channel of running water, with the formation of cameras divert water separated in the first channel of running water; and a throttle portion formed in the dividing wall for throttling the flow of flow of water passing from one chamber divert water into another chamber of the drainage of water, to separate the flow of water coming from the drain pipe and drain this water into the pipe for contaminated water and the pipe for rain water, and when the flow of running water coming from the drain pipe is greater than the specified flow rate, flowing water is directed into the tube to contaminated water through the first flowing water channel while the flow of running water coming from the drain pipe, drossellied through the throttle portion, and flowing water that is accumulated in the cells of the diversion of water and poured through an overflow partition, is directed into the pipe for rain water on the second channel of running water.

9. The method according to claim 8, characterized in that there are several dividing walls made in the direction of flow of the flowing water flowing through the first channel of flowing water, and the camera remove the water formed sequentially along the flow direction of the flowing water, while flowing water is directed into the tube to contaminated water through the first channel of flowing water, and the expense of running water, post the surrounding of the drain pipe, drossellied through multiple throttle parts and direct the flowing water that is accumulated in the cells of the diversion of water and poured through an overflow partition, a pipe for rain water on the second channel of running water.

10. The method according to claim 8 or 9, characterized in that the part throttle is a throttle opening, and running water coming from the drain pipe, the guide pipe for contaminated water and its consumption drossellied through throttle openings.

11. System wastewater containing:
the first device for separating a flowing water coming out the drain pipe;
a second device for separating running water, attached to the first device for dividing the flow of water through the first pipe so that a part of the flowing water, separated by the first device for separating a flowing water is directed to the second device via the first pipe to separate this part of the flowing water;
device for cleaning running water, attached to the second device for dividing the flow of water through the second pipe so that a part of the flowing water, separated by a second device for separating a flowing water is directed into the cleaning device according to the second pipe for cleaning this part of the flowing water;
device for accumulating the odes, attached to the second device for dividing the flow of water through the third pipe and attached to the device for cleaning a flow of water through the fourth pipe so that a part of the flowing water, separated by a second device for separating a flowing water, served in a device for raising water by the third pipe for temporary accumulation of this part of running water and drain in a device for cleaning a flow of water through the fourth pipe;
moreover, the first device for separating a flowing water contains:
the first channel of flowing water, comprising an overflow wall that restricts the flow of running water coming from the drain pipe, and directing the flowing water coming from the drain pipe and not flowing over the overflow wall, the first pipe;
the second channel of running water, a guide in the waters flowing water coming from the drain pipes and overflowing through the overflow partition;
the separation wall to block the flow of water passing through the first channel of running water, with the formation of cameras divert water separated in the first channel of running water, and
the throttle portion formed in the dividing wall for throttling the flow of flow of water passing from one chamber divert water into another chamber of the diversion of water,
the rich second device for separating a flowing water contains:
the first channel of flowing water, comprising an overflow wall that restricts the flow of running water coming from the first pipe, and directing the flowing water coming from the first pipe and not flowing over the overflow wall, the second pipe;
the second channel of running water, directing the flowing water coming from the first pipe and poured through an overflow partition, the third pipe;
the separation wall to block the flow of water passing through the first channel of running water, with the formation of cameras divert water separated in the first channel of running water, and
the throttle portion formed in the dividing wall for throttling the flow of flow of water passing from one chamber divert water into another chamber of the tap water.

12. The system according to claim 11, characterized in that there are several partition walls of the first device for separating a flowing water, is made in the direction of flow of the flowing water flowing through the first channel of flowing water, and the camera remove the water formed sequentially along the flow direction of the flowing water, and there are several partition walls of the second device for separating a flowing water, is made in the direction of flow of the flowing water flowing through the first channel of running water, and Kama is s the removal of the water formed sequentially along the flow direction of the flowing water.

13. The system according to claim 11 or 12, characterized in that the throttle portion of the first device for separating a flowing water represents a throttle opening and a throttle portion of a second device for separating a flowing water represents the throttle opening.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of sanitary engineering. Reservoir for control of flow of unevenly supplied polluted water comprises body, supply pipeline, system for drain of controlled water flow, overflow system, partitions for separation of reservoir into sections serially filled with water and emptied in reverse order with inclined bottom and system for water transfer between sections. At that system of water transfer between sections is arranged in the form of siphons passing through mentioned partitions in their upper part. Ends of siphons are lowered to bottom of adjacent sections near these partitions. Adjacent sections are connected by additional pipelines by inlet ends passing through partitions located above siphons in sections filled with the first ones. Outlet ends of additional pipelines are installed in adjacent sections at highest sections of their bottom.

EFFECT: simplification of design and increased reliability of device operation reliability.

4 cl, 2 dwg

Reservoir // 2261308

FIELD: reservoirs adapted to store water or sewage water or ones used as septic means.

SUBSTANCE: low-pressure reservoir is formed of plastics and is submersed in ground. Reservoir has at least one orifice to supply liquid into reservoir. Inner reservoir surface is shaped so that inner surface mate surface defined by rotating closed curve which rotates at constant level so that reservoir height is less than height of spherical reservoir having the same volume.

EFFECT: increased reservoir strength, improved ability of reservoir transformation and installation in-situ, simplified structure thereof and elimination of deep pit excavation for underground reservoir installation.

20 cl, 14 dwg

The invention relates to the protection of waters, in particular to the prevention of pollution of water bodies discharged to surface stormwater discharges

The invention relates to the protection of waters, in particular to the prevention of pollution of surface waters by rain water, which is diverted from the urban area

Regulatory capacity // 2135707
The invention relates to the field of sanitation, in particular, to devices for controlling the flow of wastewater

The invention relates to the construction of sewer systems and can be used for averaging the costs of domestic and industrial wastewater

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: complex comprises a bath with a sink and a small oven on a foundation with a boiler built into it to heat water and a receiving hopper for used water, to which a sewage pipe is laid as inclined in the ground from the bath and the sink. The receiving hopper is located near the foundation for the small oven. At the same in the foundation in earth at the side of the receiving hopper there is a canopy deepened additionally by 0.5-1 m.

EFFECT: higher speed of drainage, lower leakage of water under a foundation and efficient earth use.

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises rain gutters (2), water intake funnels (3), drain pipes (4), a storm water outfall (7), filtering wells (16) and a subsurface accumulating reservoir (18). Drain pipes (4) are equipped with discharge parts with mini-hydroturbines (6). Power generated by mini-hydroturbines is sent to accumulator batteries. The storm water outfall is arranged below the level of the earth surface and is an extension of discharge parts of drain pipes. The filtering material is an ash and slag sorbent.

EFFECT: design will make it possible to prevent gradual damage of building basement and foundation elements due to availability of a subsurface storm water outfall.

4 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: system comprises a toilet, a vacuum sewage pipeline connected to a toilet, a discharge valve, the first pump accessory, the second pump accessory. In the vacuum sewage pipeline there is a linear separation device. The vacuum sewage pipeline is connected to the toilet. The discharge valve is installed between the toilet and the vacuum sewage pipeline. The discharge valve is made as capable of opening in process of toilet usage. The first pump accessory and the second pump accessory are connected in parallel with the linear separation device. The linear separation device has a vacuum level between the specified high level and the specified low level. The first pump accessory is arranged as capable of removing air, and the second pump accessory is arranged as capable of pumping, mainly, sewage from a waste water flow leaking into the linear separation device. The vacuum sewage system comprises a pressure gauge. The pressure gauge is connected to the vacuum sewage pipeline. The method includes application of a vacuum sewage system.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of waste water transportation.

14 cl, 3 dwg

Plastic reservoir // 2421578

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: reservoir comprises at least two longitudinal chambers arranged at a distance from each other. The longitudinal chambers by means of at least one, preferably two, connecting couplings arranged perpendicularly to the longitudinal axis of the longitudinal chambers are connected to each other. The plastic reservoir is made as a horizontal reservoir, and the inbuilt reservoir bottom passes along the longitudinal direction of the longitudinal chambers. A plastic reservoir is described, which consists of two halves of the first small plastic reservoir divisible in the transverse direction. Both halves due to additionally inserted sections of the longitudinal chambers are increased to the second larger plastic reservoir.

EFFECT: simplified production of a large capacity reservoir.

9 cl, 14 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: system of sewage comprises receiving 1 and collecting reservoir 2, siphons 3, units of gas discharge with vacuum pumps 5 in vacuum columns arranged in upper parts of siphons. System includes at least two siphons connected to one receiving reservoir and one collecting reservoir, each siphon is equipped with a separate vacuum pump.

EFFECT: invention provides for control of liquid level in receiving chambers.

5 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: packaging industry.

SUBSTANCE: device for waste disposal includes sewage system, garbage pressing network, pumping up, and magistral stations, made with the possibility of filing and disposal of debris under excessive pressure. The garbage pressing network station comprises a garbage crusher, fluid supply device and a pressure machine. The garbage pressing network station is connected to sewage pipeline with garbage pressing booster station, which in turn is connected by magistral sewage pipeline with garbage pressing magistral station connected by magistral pipeline with a garbage disposal site.

EFFECT: invention enables to improve environmental and sanitary-epidemiological efficacy at garbage disposal and recycling.

3 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the sphere of sanitaryware equipment. System of adaptation of material pneumatic transportation mode comprises at least one first reservoir, which is connected to source of the first pressure, at least one second reservoir, which is connected to source of the second pressure. Also system includes connection line for transportation of material from the first reservoir into the second reservoir, pressure reduction gear, with the help of which difference may be controlled between pressure in the first reservoir and pressure in the second reservoir, and compressor between source of the second pressure and the second reservoir for development of negative pressure in the second reservoir. Method for adaptation of material pneumatic transportation mode comprises the following stages: connection of at least one first reservoir to source of the first pressure, connection of at least one second reservoir to the source of the second pressure, transportation of material from the first reservoir to the second reservoir. Also pressure reduction gear is controlled to change the difference between the pressure in the first reservoir and pressure in the second reservoir and reduction of pressure in the second reservoir with the help of compressor in case when difference between the first pressure and the second pressure is not sufficient for material transportation.

EFFECT: higher efficiency; reduction of noise.

36 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: oil and gas industry.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions refers to oil-refining and oil-producing industry, namely to drain recovery and flooding systems and keeping of formation pressure in oil-field development. The method involves oil production from various beds, keeping of formation pressure by injection of refinery mineralised water as a working substance in the beds. According to the invention, there is specified a group of injection wells striking the beds with the delivery chinks which have opened layers, containing local water of various physical and chemical properties and various reservoir features. Before injection of the working substance, physical and chemical properties of the working substance and local water are checked. Potential sediment formation is estimated and, as the case may be, the working substance flow is directed to the bed with minimum permissible sediment formation. In flow variation, the working substance is drained in the bed - an interlayer with high reservoir features. The device - system comprises the producing wells having struck the various beds, water conduits, pumps, a water source for injection in the bed for keeping of formation pressure, the injection wells having struck the beds containing local water with various physical and chemical properties and various reservoir features combined in a group with a general water conduit collector connected to a water drainage line for refinery discharge. According to the invention, the water conduit collector is provided with an analysis block of physical and chemical characteristics of the working substance, and the water conduits have flow switches. Said analysis block of physical and chemical characteristics of the working substance and switches are functionally interconnected through a computing and managing unit - controller for comparing physical and chemical characteristics of the working substance and local waters.

EFFECT: lower injectability loss of payout beds, and enabled recovery of refinery mineralized water drain.

2 cl, 2 tbl, 1 dwg

FIELD: packing industry.

SUBSTANCE: method for storage of water, in which at least one flexible reservoir is retained for storage of sea water mass inside in submerged condition. Surface inlet device is created, which is connected with the possibility of liquid passage with flexible storage reservoir, and surface outlet device is created, which is connected with the possibility of liquid passage to flexible storage reservoir, for release of stored water. At the same time outlet device differs from inlet device. Valve is used in each inlet device and outlet device so that in process of reservoir or each storage reservoir filling, inlet valve is opened, and outlet valve is closed. At the same time in process of reservoir or each storage reservoir emptying, inlet valve is closed, and outlet valve is opened, and in process of water filling, head pressure from surface reservoir is used for forced injection of water into reservoir or each storage reservoir.

EFFECT: energy saving in process of water release from reservoir.

27 cl, 17 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: gutter with gutter shell comprises drain area, which is open on top and is arranged in longitudinal direction, and sides for gutter shell installation, which pass on both sides of drain area along gutter. Besides gutter shell has at least two rigid bearing elements, which pass along gutter, and transverse elements, which pass between bearing elements across gutter and are tightly joined to specified bearing elements. At the same time transverse elements on support side of gutter shell protrude beyond edges of bearing elements with arrangement of support sections for installation of shell gutter on sides. Gutter shell comprises drain area, which is open on top and is arranged in longitudinal direction, and sides for gutter shell installation, which pass on both sides of drain area along specified gutter. Besides specified gutter shell includes at least two rigid bearing elements, which are arranged along gutter, and transverse elements, which pass between bearing elements across gutter and are tightly joined to specified bearing elements.

EFFECT: improved strength of device.

5 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: sewage system, particularly combination of engineering structures and sanitary procedures for collection and draining-off domestic sewage water concerned with day-to-day people activity in countryside.

SUBSTANCE: sewage system includes bath, lavatory pan, washing stand, collecting vessel and decomposition vessel with orifices for purified water discharge in ground. Gas relief valve and pipeline are arranged in upper part of decomposition vessel. Above vessels are made as metal drums. Located inside decomposition vessel is filter system. Orifices are drilled in lower part of decomposition vessel and arranged along the full vessel bottom perimeter. Fertilizers from decomposition vessel are removed through above valve. System has connection means formed as flexible couplers to link domestic sewage junctions with above system structures.

EFFECT: increased operational reliability, simplified structure, technology and maintenance, reduced cost.

1 dwg

FIELD: methods, systems, or installations for draining-off sewage water into ponds through underground horizons.

SUBSTANCE: method involves prospecting underground horizon with required absorbing capacity extending into pond; arranging gravity water flow into horizon; bringing water flow velocity up to underground horizon seepage velocity and providing dispersed laminar water flow. Device comprises water supply pipeline and receiving filtering well with waterproof side walls filled with coarse filling material and having narrow neck. Arranged inside neck are water flow deflectors installed below water supply pipeline in several rows and filter widening in downward direction. Accumulation chamber is located at upper filter part. Coarse filling material is located under accumulation chamber. Particle size of coarse filling material smoothly reduces in top-down direction and filter bottom is located below upper boundary of underground absorbing horizon.

EFFECT: increased output, increased quality of utilized water.

2 cl, 1 ex, 2 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; vehicle vacuum toilet system.

SUBSTANCE: proposed system contains one toilet 1 placed in heated room 3 and connected through discharge valve 4 with drain pipe 5, container collector 6 connected with drain pipe 5 and device 8 to build vacuum in container-collector 6 and drain pipe 5. Container-collector is made in form of elongated vertically installed container 6 for collecting liquid sewage. Drain pipe is connected to container-collector 6 near center of its cylindrical main part. Container-collector is arranged in tight contact with room so that it is heated in height owing to heating of room. Container-collector can receive at least five toilet water drains.

EFFECT: prevention of freezing of contents in container-collector in period between its emptying without use of separate heating system.

12 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: control of WC flushing valves.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method of control of WC flushing valve in vacuum collector system includes opening and closing of flushing valve by means of control unit at rate ensuring opening and closing time of 0.25 and 0.4 s respectively. Device for control of WC flushing valve includes at least three working valves. Device and flushing valve are actuated by vacuum created in collector system. Said working valves may return to initial position by means of common piston-type rod made in form of cam which is actuated in its turn by piston in cylindrical chamber. First valve actuated by starting unit brings cylindrical chamber in communication with vacuum source in second valve actuated by cam which brings vacuum source in collector system in communication with drive unit of flushing valve and third valve brings flushing ring or similar unit with water source through pipes and passages.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

8 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: water protection, particularly for prevention of water basin contamination with surface water received from agricultural lands.

SUBSTANCE: modular device comprises vertical partitions, which divide thereof into receiving, overflow and sediment chambers. Device includes several identical sections provided with partition chamber, clean water chamber, oil and floating rubbish gathering chamber and has filtering dam installed in intake channel bed.

EFFECT: simplified structure, increased cleaning efficiency.

2 dwg

Up!